Waterloo, New South Wales
Waterloo is an inner-city suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Waterloo is located 3 kilometres south of the Sydney central business district and is part of the local government area of the City of Sydney. Waterloo is surrounded by the suburbs of Redfern and Darlington to the north and Alexandria to the west, Rosebery to the south, Moore Park and Kensington to the east. Waterloo took its name from the Battle of Waterloo in 1815, when Allied and Prussian forces under the Duke of Wellington and Blücher defeated the French forces under Napoleon Bonaparte. In the 1820s Waterloo began supporting industrial operations including the Fisher and Duncan Paper Mill and the Waterloo Flour Mills owned by William Hutchinson and Daniel Cooper. William Hutchinson, superintendent of convicts and public works, had been granted 1,400 acres of land in 1823, he sold Waterloo Farm to Solomon Levey. Cooper bought out Levey's share and on his death the Waterloo Estate passed onto his nephew named Daniel Cooper, the first speaker of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly.
Waterloo is a working class region. Since early 2000s, the region has undergone some degree of gentrification with a rising business district focusing on technology-oriented firms and the development of more green space such as parks. By 2006, median individual income in Waterloo was higher than the Australian average; the suburb maintains numerous public housing apartments. Waterloo is a popular suburb to live for Sydney's large Gay and Lesbian population due to its closeness to nearby suburbs of Surry Hills and Darlinghurst; the Waterloo Urban Conservation Area is a residential area of predominantly 19th century terrace and cottage housing. New development and redevelopment in this area is encouraged to be sympathetic to the existing heritage style. Green Square is a district in the south and east of the suburb including the suburbs of Waterloo and Zetland, being redeveloped, it involves an urban renewal program which has seen many industrial buildings redeveloped or replaced by new residential and commercial developments.
The area adjacent to South Dowling Street contains many high rise apartment buildings with retail space at ground level. Waterloo is serviced by State Transit routes to the Sydney CBD. Green Square station, on the Airport line of the Sydney Trains network, is located in the south-west corner of the suburb. Redfern railway station is located close to the north-west corner of the suburb; the very-fast Sydney Metro line is under construction and will include a station and major interchange at the west side of Waterloo, due to open in 2024. There will be large commercial and residential redevelopment to service the new metro. Waterloo hosts the city campus of Hillsong Church. Other churches include Grace City Anglican Church and Parish of Our Lady of Mount Carmel Catholic Church, Waterloo Congregational Church, South Sydney Uniting Church and Waterloo Salvation Army. At the 2016 census, Waterloo had a population of 14,616. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 3.0% of the population.
35.3% of people were born in Australia. The most common countries of birth were China 13.7%, England 4.2%, New Zealand 2.6%, South Korea 2.0% and United States of America 1.6%. 47.5% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Mandarin 12.7%, Russian 3.3%, Cantonese 3.2%, Spanish 2.0% and Korean 2.0%. The largest religions were Catholicism and Buddhism. Furthermore, 41.6% of the population marked no religion, well above the national average. 89.7% of residences were units, well above the rest of Australia. Furthermore, 70.8% of dwellings were rented, compared to 30.9% in Australia as a whole. The Waterloo Skate Park, is a modern skate park and the first of its kind to copy the urban streetscape layout of popular skate spots like Martin Place and Cathedral Square in Sydney; the park is located next to Waterloo Oval and the South Sydney Youth Services building on Elizabeth Street. Elaine Nile, politician Local Residents Group Local Community Centre Waterloo Guide - Sydney.com
Waterlooville is a town in Hampshire, England 8 miles north of Portsmouth. The town has a population of about 64,350 and is surrounded by Purbrook, Cowplain, Clanfield, Crookhorn, Hambledon and Widley, it forms part of the South Hampshire conurbation. The town formed around the old A3 London to Portsmouth road. Waterlooville is twinned with Yvelines in France and Henstedt-Ulzburg in Germany, it is reputed that the name derived from a pub that stood at the centre of the village known as Wait Lane End, where the stage-coach horses waited to change places with the team that pulled the coach up and over Portsdown Hill. The pub had been named Heroes of Waterloo because, on its opening day, in 1815, soldiers who had just disembarked at Portsmouth, returning from the Battle of Waterloo, decided to stop there and celebrate their victory. According to local legend, many of them settled there; the pub was thereafter renamed in their honour and the area around the pub became known as Waterloo. In order to differentiate the town from other places with the same name, it became known as Waterlooville at a date.
The town was known as Waterloo parish at the time of the 1911 Census. The original "Heroes" pub was at a crossroads near the main bus-stop, it was replaced with a bank. There are two other pubs in the town centre, The Wellington, which closed in May 2017 at the southern end of town, the Denmead Queen, part of the JD Wetherspoon pub chain, adjacent to the Heroes. In June 2015 Waterlooville town celebrated its first 200 years, its origins and history in a festival called Waterlooville 200; the town centre was closed to traffic in 1981 when a bypass was constructed to take traffic away from the main shopping area. The bypass anonymous, was named Maurepas Way sometime after the two towns were twinned in 1995. An underpass was constructed for pedestrians walking up along the Hambledon road. Between 1982–83 the old road was fully converted to a pedestrian precinct; the precinct had a fountain and raised area at the northern end, near the Heroes pub, however regular vandalism of the fountain soon resulted in its removal.
GEC Marconi built a site at Waterlooville for their Underwater Systems Division in the early 1980s, for the Stingray anti-submarine torpedo. A peace camp was set up near the construction site. After completion of the GEC building, a free music festival was held at Old Park Farm in Waterlooville called Torpedo Town. A second Torpedo Town festival was held in August 1987 at Bramdean Common near Winchester. Near the town centre is the rebuilt St George's church. During the 1950s and 1960s the surrounding area saw extensive growth in housing, when large suburban public and private housing estates were constructed; this resulted in the original Victorian church failing to cope with the population growth. Plans for a new church were started and in 1970 the new church was built on the site of the old church. Parts of the old church were retained. In July 2011 the town saw the consecration of its first Roman Catholic Church. For the preceding eighty years the growing Catholic community in the town had utilised at first one aisle of, the entire of the chapel at St Michaels convent.
However the decision of the sisters of Our Lady of Charity to sell the main convent site coupled with the inadequate capacity led to a new church being required. The new church, dedicated to "The Sacred Heart and St Peter the Apostle" sits to the north of the town centre on London Road. In August 2012 the northern part of the shopping centre underwent a £700,000 renovation, the raised area holding the former fountain was removed and new block paving installed; the renovation increased the area available to the weekly Friday market and improved pedestrian accessibility. In addition a "smoking-shelter" style band-stand was installed at pedestrian T-junction with The Boulevard. Waterlooville has a temperate oceanic climate, similar to much of southern Britain. However, the climate in the area does have mild differences between lows. With Chilly winters and warm summers. In January and February average nighttime minimum temperatures drop to about 2 °C to 1 °C, whereas in July and August average daytime maximum temperatures are around 23 °C to 24 °C.
Although 30 °C is common in July and August, the area achieves above 35 °C. In fact, in the last century there has only been two days in June 1976, one day in August 1990 and 1 day in August 2003 where temperatures reached over 35 °C; the highest recorded temperature was around 37 °C on 10 August 2003. In contrast, the lowest recorded temperature was on 12 January 1987, where the temperature dipped to −10 °C. During winter, Waterlooville tends to have more frost than nearby Portsmouth as it has less influences from the sea and is more exposed to northerly winds. However, highs in the summer are warmer than Portsmouth because there is less influence of cool breezes from the English Channel as the town is more inland. Sunshine averages are typical of that across the Portsmouth area, Isle of Wight and the south-west Sussex coast of around 1800 – 2100 hours of sunshine a year, where Southwesterly winds keep the sunshine hours up between late March and mid September, the town is protected by the South Downs.
The main shopping precinct is served by First Hampshire & Dorset bus routes 7/X7, 8, The X9 route has been discontinued and replaced by the D1 and D2 service which runs from Hambledon and Denmead and goes to Waterlooville town centre, Stagecoach South services 37 and 39. The A3
Waterloo Historic District (Warner, New Hampshire)
The Waterloo Historic District encompasses the site of one of the first mills on the Warner River, near the Waterloo Falls in Warner, New Hampshire. The 50-acre district includes most of the original 60-acre land grant for the mill site, it extends along Waterloo Street and Newmarket Street for a length of about 1 mile, from where Newmarket Street crosses the Warner River to where Waterloo Street crosses a brook. In addition to its industrial history, the district is notable for being home to two nationally known politicians: William E. Chandler, who served as United States Senator and as United States Secretary of the Navy, Nehemiah G. Ordway, the seventh governor of the Dakota Territory; this part of Warner was first sold off for development in the 1770s, the first sawmill was operating by 1789. The oldest surviving house in the district, a 1.5 story Cape style house, was built in 1791, a significant number of houses in the district were built before 1820. William Chandler's house, purchased by him in 1872, was built in 1805, he purchased a nearby 1820s house for staff he needed for entertaining high-profile guests.
Nehemiah Ordway's house, at the corner of Newmarket and Waterloo, was built in 1828, but was restyled in the early 20th century to give it a Colonial Revival appearance. Several non-residential buildings have survived; the Bean Tavern is a Georgian structure built in 1793. Two structures that served as train stations survive, one built in 1849, moved a short distance to make way for the second, built in 1910; the principal surviving industrial building is the 1836 Chandler Mill, whose surviving 2.5 story portion stands off Newmarket Street between the railroad tracks and the river. Remnants of earlier mill foundations lie nearby; the district includes a cemetery, a c. 1810 one-room schoolhouse. The district was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2003, it includes the Waterloo Covered Bridge, a separately-listed bridge which carries Newmarket Street over the river. National Register of Historic Places listings in Merrimack County, New Hampshire
Waterloo is a city in and the county seat of Black Hawk County, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census the population decreased by 0.5% to 68,406. The city is part of the Waterloo – Cedar Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area, is the more populous of the two cities. Waterloo was known as Prairie Rapids Crossing; the town was established near two Meskwaki American tribal seasonal camps alongside the Cedar River. It was first settled in 1845 when George and Mary Melrose Hanna and their children arrived on the east bank of the Red Cedar River, they were followed by the Virden and Mullan families in 1846. Evidence of these earliest families can still be found in the street names Hanna Boulevard, Mullan Avenue and Virden Creek. On December 8, 1845, the Iowa State Register and Waterloo Herald was the first newspaper published in Waterloo; the name Waterloo supplanted the original name, Prairie Rapids Crossing, shortly after Charles Mullan petitioned for a post office in the town. Since the signed petition did not include the name of the proposed post office location, Mullan was charged with selecting the name when he submitted the petition.
Tradition has it that as he flipped through a list of other post offices in the United States, he came upon the name Waterloo. The name struck his fancy, on December 29, 1851, a post office was established under that name; the town was called the same, Mullan served as the first postmaster from December 29, 1851 until August 11, 1854. There were two extended periods of rapid growth over the next 115 years. From 1895 to 1915, the population increased from a 290 % increase. From 1925 to 1960, population increased from 36,771 to 71,755; the 1895 to 1915 period was a time of rapid growth in manufacturing, rail transportation and wholesale operations. During this period the Waterloo Gasoline Traction Engine Company moved to Waterloo and, shortly after, the Rath Packing Company moved from Dubuque. Another major employer throughout the first two-thirds of the 20th century was the Illinois Central Railroad. Among the others was the less-successful brass era automobile manufacturer, the Maytag-Mason Motor Company.
On June 7, 1934, bank robber Tommy Carroll had a shootout with the FBI when he and his wife stopped to pick up gas. Accidentally parking next to a police car and wasting time dropping his gun and picking it back up, Carroll was forced to flee into an alley, where he was shot, he was taken to Allen Memorial Hospital in Waterloo. Waterloo suffered in the agricultural recession of the 1980s. John Deere, the area's largest employer, cut 10,000 jobs, the Rath meatpacking plant closed altogether, losing 2500 jobs, it is estimated. Today the city enjoys a broader industrial base, as city leaders have sought to diversify its industrial and commercial mix. Deere remains a strong presence in the city, but employs only one-third the number of people it did at its peak. In 1903, African Americans were told to leave Waterloo as it became a sundown town. In 1910, a significant number of black railroad workers were brought in as strikebreakers to the Waterloo area. Black workers were relegated to 20 square blocks in Waterloo, an area that remains the east side to this day.
In 1940, more black strikebreakers were brought in to work in the Rath meat plant. In 1948, a black strikebreaker accidentally killed a white union member as he tried to escape the striker's ire. Instead of a race riot, a strike ensued against the Rath Company; the National Guard was called in to end the 73-day strike. United Packinghouse Workers of America became the main union of the Rath Company, welcoming black workers, but United Auto Workers Local 838 continued to refuse black members. With the power of the union, Anna Mae Weems, Ada Treadwell, Charles Pearson and Jimmy Porter formed an anti-discrimination department at Rath by the 1950s; this department helped organize protests against local places. Porter would go on to organize the first black radio station in Waterloo, KBBG, in 1978. Weems became the head of local NAACP chapter. On May 31, 1966, Eddie Wallace Sallis was found dead in the local jail; the black community felt the death was suspicious, protests were held. On June 4, Weems led a march on city hall to encourage investigation into his death.
The march led to the creation of the Waterloo Human Rights Commission, which lasted only a year due to lack of funding. On Sept. 7, 1967, a city report, "Waterloo's Unfinished Business", was released. The report covered the ongoing problems in housing and employment faced by Waterloo's black community, it confirmed the housing bias faced by black residents, that many of the schools were 80% of one race, that 80% of black residents held service jobs. In a 2007 article, the Courier covered some changes in the 40 years since, finding that housing was now divided by socioeconomic status, schools still violated the desegregation plan, black unemployment was still double that of white residents; the Iowa Supreme Court outlawed school segregation in 1868. A 1967 commission found most schools were still segregated and recommended immediate desegregation, which Mayor Lloyd Turner opposed. In 1969, the Waterloo school board voted to allow open enrollment in all their schools to encourage integration. Many parents felt.
Despite the efforts between 1967 and 1970, already-black schools in the area increased in their segregation. By the 1960s, Rath was in decline and jobs there w
Waterloo is a Walloon municipality in the province of Walloon Brabant, which in 2011 had a population of 29,706 and an area of 21.03 km2. It is north of Braine-l'Alleud, the site of the Battle of Waterloo, where the resurgent Napoleon was defeated for the final time in 1815. Flemish, Waterloo is now a Francophone town on the border between Flemish Brabant and Walloon Brabant; the placename has Brabantian Dutch origins. The first element is most water, but it should be understood locally as "wet"; the second element is lo, an ancient word for "forest" or "clearing in a forest", coming either from the Latin words lucus or lucum, or from Common Germanic lauh-, cognate with the English placename suffix -ley. The early settlement stood on a marshy clearing in the Sonian Forest; the name of Waterloo was mentioned for the first time in 1102 designating a small hamlet at the limit of what is today known as the Sonian Forest, along a major road linking Brussels, Genappe and a coal mine to the south. Waterloo was located at the intersection of the main road and a path leading to a small farming settlement in what is presently, Cense.
The crossing can still be found today as the intersection of the Chaussée de Bruxelles with Boulevard de la Cense. Waterloo was a place where travellers and merchants those carrying coal from the mine to the south, could find rest and protection from bandits. Waterloo was located in the Duchy of Brabant created in 1183 with Leuven as the capital city; the Duchy of Brabant extended from Luttre to's-Hertogenbosch in 1477. Brussels became the capital city of the Duchy of Brabant in 1267 and the capital city of the Burgundian Netherlands in 1430. Waterloo started to develop during the 17th century. A royal chapel was built in 1687 in Petit-Waterloo, was extended in 1826, becoming the Church of Saint Joseph of Waterloo. During the late 18th century, whilst the region was under the rule of the Holy Roman Empire, a period of unrest marked the wake of the 1789 French Revolution. Reforms designed to quell those agitating to bring enlightement ideas to the region were unsucesful. in 1794, the French invaded, bringing an end to the region's Ancien Régime, encompassing the monasteries, their official record-keeping, the privileges of the nobility.
Up until 1796, Waterloo was divided into two parts, Grand-Waterloo and Petit-Waterloo, depending of the parishes of Braine-l'Alleud and of Sint-Genesius-Rode. A new system based on municipalities was established under French rule; the municipality of Waterloo was created from Petit-Waterloo detached from Sint-Genesius-Rode and three former hamlets detached from Braine-l’Alleud. In 1813, half of the hamlet of Chenois was detached from Braine-l’Alleud and became part of Waterloo. In 1824, Waterloo grew again as the areas Roussart and Sainte-Gertrude from the Sonian Forest became part of the municipality. Waterloo had 1,571 inhabitants in 1801 and 3,202 in 1846. In 1795, the invaded territories were divided into nine departments; some municipalities, including Waterloo, became part of the Dyle department, which became the province of Brabant Méridional in 1815 under Dutch rule, following the defeat of Napoleon. Upon Belgian independence in 1830, it became part of the province of Brabant. In 1977, the second half of the hamlet of Chenois was detached from Braine-l’Alleud and became part of Waterloo together with a part of the hamlet next to the Lion.
In 1995, the province of Brabant was divided to match the limits of the adminstrative regions of Wallonia and Flanders created in 1980. The part in which Waterloo is situated became the province of Walloon Brabant; the Battle of Waterloo took place near Waterloo on 18 June 1815 between the First French Empire of Napoleon Bonaparte and the Seventh Coalition, under the main allied commanders, the Duke of Wellington and General von Blücher. The strategic location of Waterloo on a paved road towards Brussels explains why the battle took place just south of the town. Waterloo was the last major settlement the French army had to cross before negotiating the dense woodland on the outskirts of Brussels, just 17 kilometres away. It, marked the last oppotunity for the Seventh Coalition to intervene should they wish to halt the French army from entering Brussels. Waterloo is divided into six districts: Faubourg Ouest, Faubourg Est, Centre, Joli-Bois and Mont-St-Jean. Nearly one-fifth of the current registered population is non-Belgian.
These numbers were released by the municipality of Waterloo. The most common non-Belgian nationalities are the following: French, British and Swedish. Waterloo is home to the European headquarters of Mastercard. There is a Carrefour hypermarket in Mont-Saint-Jean, a Delhaize store, an Ibis Hotel, several BNP Paribas Fortis branches, office parks to the east of the town. A row of shops, called; the Argenteuil estate is host to a number of international and local educational establishments, including.
Regional Municipality of Waterloo
The Regional Municipality of Waterloo is a regional municipality located in Southern Ontario, Canada. It consists of the cities of Cambridge and Waterloo, the townships of North Dumfries, Wellesley and Woolwich, it is referred to as the Region of Waterloo or Waterloo Region. The region is 1,369 square kilometres in size and its regional seat of government is in Kitchener; the region's population was 535,154 at the 2016 census. In 2016, the Cambridge, Waterloo area was the third best place in Canada to find full-time employment based on data from StatsCan; the region was preceded by Waterloo County, created in 1853 and dissolved in 1973. That entity consisted of five townships: Woolwich, Wilmot and North Dumfries, including the cities and towns in each area. During the 16th and 17th centuries, the area was inhabited by the Iroquoian speaking Attawandaron nation. Historical accounts differ on how the Attawandaron tribe was wiped out, but it is agreed that the Seneca and the Mohawk tribes of the Six Nations destroyed or forced out the smaller Attawandaron tribe while crippling the Huron around 1680–85.
After the invasion of the Six Nations into the Grand River Valley, the Neutral tribe ceased to have any political existence. Any dispersed survivors were taken captive or escaped to other tribes such as the Mississaugas and were assimilated into that culture. There are no distinct Attawandarons today. In 1784, the British government granted the Grand River Valley to the Iroquois, who had supported the Loyalists in the American War of Independence, to compensate them for the loss of their land in New York; the Iroquois settled in the lower Grand River Valley, sold parts of the land, part of Waterloo Township to Colonel Richard Beasley, a United Empire Loyalist. Another developer was William Dickson who, in 1816, came into sole possession of 90,000 acres of land along the Grand River, to make up North and South Dumfries Townships. William Dickson of Niagara purchased land in the township of North Dumfries and South Dumfries which would become much of what is now Cambridge, Ontario, it was Dickson's intention to divide the land into smaller lots that would be sold to the Scottish settlers that he hoped to attract to Canada.
In the company of Absalom Shade, Dickson toured his new lands with the intention of developing a town site that would serve as the focal point for his attempts to populate the countryside. They chose the site where Mill Creek flows into the Grand River and in 1816 the settlement of Shade's Mills was born; the new settlement grew but by 1825, though still small, was the largest settlement in the area and was important enough to obtain a post office. Dickson decided that a new name was needed for the Post Office and the settlement and he chose Galt in honour of the Scottish novelist and Commissioner of the Canada Company, John Galt; the settlers resisted the introduction of the new name preferring the more familiar Shade's Mills. However, after Galt visited Dickson in the settlement in 1827 the name Galt received more widespread acceptance. In its early days Galt was an agricultural community serving the needs of the farmers in the surrounding countryside. By the late 1830s, the settlement began to develop an industrial capacity and reputation for quality products that in years earned the town the nickname "The Manchester of Canada".
Galt was the largest and most important town in the area until the beginning of the 20th century when it was overtaken by Kitchener. Settlement of the what became the Township of Waterloo and Waterloo County, started in the early 1800s. Among the first settlers, Joseph Schoerg and Samuel Betzner, Jr. Mennonites, arrived from Franklin County, Pennsylvania. Other settlers followed from Pennsylvania by Conestoga wagons; the early group purchased land from Richard Beasley. The first school was begun in 1802 near the village of Blair. Many of the pioneers immigrating from Pennsylvania after November 1803 bought land in a 60,000-acre section of Block Two from the German Company established by a group of Mennonites from Lancaster County Pennsylvania; the tract included most of Block 2 of the previous Grand River Indian Lands. Many of the first farms were least 400 acres in size; the majority of the settlers before about 1830 were Mennonites from Pennsylvania, who had roots in Germany or Switzerland. They were called Pennsylvania Dutch although they were Deutsch, German.
Declared the founder of the City of Waterloo, Abraham Erb, from Franklin County, bought 900 acres of bush land in 1806 from the German Company. He built a sawmill in 1808 and a gristmill in 1816. Other early settlers of what would become Waterloo included Samuel and Elia Schneider who arrived in 1816; until about 1820, settlements such as this were quite small. In 1807, 45,195 acres of Block 3 was purchased by Jacob Erb and others. Named the founder of Kitchener, Benjamin Eby was from Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, he arrived in 1806 and purchased a large tract of land consisting of much of what would become the village of Berlin. The settlement was called Ebytown and was at the south-east side of what would become Queen Street. Abram Weber
King George Island (South Shetland Islands)
King George Island is the largest of the South Shetland Islands, lying 120 km off the coast of Antarctica in the Southern Ocean. The island was named after King George III. King George island has three major bays, Maxwell Bay, Admiralty Bay, King George Bay. Admiralty Bay contains three fjords, is protected as a Antarctic Specially Managed Area under the Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty; the island was first claimed for Britain on 16 October 1819, formally annexed by Britain as part of the Falkland Islands Dependencies in 1908, now as part of the separate British Antarctic Territory. The Island was claimed by Chile as part of the Chilean Antarctic Territory, it was claimed by Argentina in 1943, now as part of Argentine Antarctica, called by the Argentines Isla Veinticinco de Mayo in honour of their National day. The US and Russia do not recognize these claims and have formally reserved their right to claim Antarctic territories; the island was discovered and named by the British explorer William Smith in 1819.
It is 95 km long and 25 km wide with a land area of 1,150 square kilometres. Over 90% of the island's surface is permanently glaciated. In 1821, 11 men of the sealing vessel Lord Melville survived the winter on the island, the first men to do so in Antarctica The coastal areas of the island are home to a comparatively diverse selection of vegetation and animal life, including elephant and leopard seals, Adelie and gentoo penguins. Several other seabirds, including skuas and southern giant petrel, nest on this island during the summer months. Human habitation of King George Island is limited to research stations belonging to Argentina, Chile, South Korea, Poland, Russia and the United States. Most of these stations are permanently staffed, carrying out research into areas as diverse as biology, ecology and palaeontology. Base Presidente Eduardo Frei Montalva, the Chilean Station on the Fildes Peninsula, is operated as a permanent village with an airstrip, cafeterias for personnel of its several agencies there, a bank, a post office and comfortable ranch-style family homes with children.
Chile regards all of the Antarctic Peninsula and South Shetland Islands as part of that country's territory. The Chinese Great Wall base features an indoor multipurpose room which serves as a full-size basketball court. In 2004, a Russian Orthodox church, Trinity Church, was opened on the island near Russia's Bellingshausen Station; the church, one of the southernmost in the world and one of the few permanent structures in Antarctica, is permanently manned by a priest. In October 2013, American heavy metal band Metallica announced that it would perform a concert sponsored by The Coca-Cola Company at Carlini Station heliport; the concert took place on December 8, 2013. A small amount of specialised tourist activity takes place during summer, including an annual marathon, known as the Antarctic marathon; the Fildes Peninsula 7 kilometres long, forms the SW extremity of the island. It was named from association with nearby Fildes Strait by the UK-APC in 1960. Point Thomas lighthouse at Arctowski Station is the most southerly lighthouse of the world.
NOAA runs a seasonal research station for penguin studies on Admiralty Bay. This small station, dubbed Copacabana, operates in the Antarctic summer only, but is used as a survival hut in the winter. A. G. E. Jones, "Captain William Smith and the Discovery of New South Shetland", Geographical Journal, Vol. 141, No. 3, pp. 445–461 Alan Gurney, Below the Convergence: Voyages Toward Antarctica, 1699–1839, Penguin Books, New York, 1998 Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina 62: pp. 35–43 Spanish The SCAR King George Island GIS Project provides an interactive map of the island. Biodiversity at Ardley Island Small place near special protected area. Report From Antarctica: Countries Maneuver for Potential Future Land Grab