Watermark (Art Garfunkel album)
Watermark is the third solo studio album by Art Garfunkel released in October 1977 on Columbia Records. The first single, "Crying in My Sleep", failed to chart, but the follow-up, a version of " Wonderful World" reached #17 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart and #1 on the Adult Contemporary chart; the songs "Watermark" and "Paper Chase" had been performed by Richard Harris on his albums A Tramp Shining and The Yard Went On Forever. This album is noted as being the final recording sessions of legendary saxophonist Paul Desmond who died of lung cancer shortly thereafter. Actress Laurie Bird, Garfunkel's girlfriend, made the album cover's photograph. All tracks composed by Jimmy Webb.
"Watermark" is a song by the Canadian indie rock band The Weakerthans from their 2000 album Left and Leaving. It was released as a CD single in January 2001 through G7 Welcoming Committee Records in Canada and through Sub City Records in the United States, including live acoustic recordings of "Illustrated Bible Stories for Children" and "The Last Last One" as B-sides; these two tracks were recorded for radio station CKUW-FM in Winnipeg. The CD-ROM portion of the disc includes the music video for "Watermark". G7 Welcoming Committee Records site for the album "Watermark" Video Pascual, Brian. "CD REVIEWS: Ladytron, Tricky EP, Raised Fist and many more". Chart. Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2009-10-08. Aversion.com Review
A digital watermark is a kind of marker covertly embedded in a noise-tolerant signal such as audio, video or image data. It is used to identify ownership of the copyright of such signal. "Watermarking" is the process of hiding digital information in a carrier signal. Digital watermarks may be used to verify the authenticity or integrity of the carrier signal or to show the identity of its owners, it is prominently used for banknote authentication. Like traditional physical watermarks, digital watermarks are only perceptible under certain conditions, i.e. after using some algorithm. If a digital watermark distorts the carrier signal in a way that it becomes perceivable, it may be considered less effective depending on its purpose. Traditional watermarks may be applied to visible media, whereas in digital watermarking, the signal may be audio, video, texts or 3D models. A signal may carry several different watermarks at the same time. Unlike metadata, added to the carrier signal, a digital watermark does not change the size of the carrier signal.
The needed properties of a digital watermark depend on the use case. For marking media files with copyright information, a digital watermark has to be rather robust against modifications that can be applied to the carrier signal. Instead, if integrity has to be ensured, a fragile watermark would be applied. Both steganography and digital watermarking employ steganographic techniques to embed data covertly in noisy signals. While steganography aims for imperceptibility to human senses, digital watermarking tries to control the robustness as top priority. Since a digital copy of data is the same as the original, digital watermarking is a passive protection tool, it just does not degrade it or control access to the data. One application of digital watermarking is source tracking. A watermark is embedded into a digital signal at each point of distribution. If a copy of the work is found then the watermark may be retrieved from the copy and the source of the distribution is known; this technique has been used to detect the source of illegally copied movies.
The term "Digital Watermark" was coined by Andrew Tirkel and Charles Osborne in December 1992. The first successful embedding and extraction of a steganographic spread spectrum watermark was demonstrated in 1993 by Andrew Tirkel, Charles Osborne and Gerard Rankin. Watermarks are identification marks produced during the paper making process; the first watermarks appeared in Italy during the 13th century, but their use spread across Europe. They were used as a means to identify the paper maker or the trade guild that manufactured the paper; the marks were created by a wire sewn onto the paper mold. Watermarks continue to prevent forgery. Digital watermarking may be used for a wide range of applications, such as: Copyright protection Source tracking Broadcast monitoring Video authentication Software crippling on screencasting and video editing software programs, to encourage users to purchase the full version to remove it. ID card security Fraud and Tamper detection. Content management on social networks The information to be embedded in a signal is called a digital watermark, although in some contexts the phrase digital watermark means the difference between the watermarked signal and the cover signal.
The signal where the watermark is to be embedded is called the host signal. A watermarking system is divided into three distinct steps, embedding and detection. In embedding, an algorithm accepts the host and the data to be embedded, produces a watermarked signal; the watermarked digital signal is transmitted or stored transmitted to another person. If this person makes a modification, this is called an attack. While the modification may not be malicious, the term attack arises from copyright protection application, where third parties may attempt to remove the digital watermark through modification. There are many possible modifications, for example, lossy compression of the data, cropping an image or video, or intentionally adding noise. Detection is an algorithm, applied to the attacked signal to attempt to extract the watermark from it. If the signal was unmodified during transmission the watermark still is present and it may be extracted. In robust digital watermarking applications, the extraction algorithm should be able to produce the watermark even if the modifications were strong.
In fragile digital watermarking, the extraction algorithm should fail if any change is made to the signal. A digital watermark is called robust with respect to transformations if the embedded information may be detected reliably from the marked signal if degraded by any number of transformations. Typical image degradations are JPEG compression, cropping, additive noise, quantization. For video content, temporal modifications and MPEG compression are added to this list. A digital watermark is called imperceptible if the watermarked content is perceptually equivalent to the original, unwatermarked content. In general, it is easy to create either robust watermarks—or—imperceptible watermarks, but the creation of both robust—and—imperceptible watermarks has proven to be quite challenging. Robust imperceptible watermarks have been proposed as a tool for the protection of digital content, for example as an embedded no-copy-allowed flag
Watermarks is a 2004 award-winning theatrical feature documentary co-written and directed by Yaron Zilberman as his directorial debut. The film reunites the champion women swimmers of the legendary Jewish sports club, Hakoah Vienna, who were forced to disband during the rise of fascism in 1930's Austria. Watermarks tells the story of the champion women swimmers of Hakoah Vienna. Hakoah was founded in 1909 in response to the notorious Aryan Paragraph, which forbade Austrian sports clubs from accepting Jewish athletes, its founders were eager to popularize sport among a community renowned for such great minds as Freud and Zweig, but traditionally alien to physical recreation. Hakoah grew into one of Europe's biggest athletic clubs, achieving astonishing success in many diverse sports. In the 1930s Hakoah's best-known triumphs came from its women swimmers, who dominated national competitions in Austria. After the Anschluss, the political unification of Nazi Germany and Austria in 1938, the Nazis shut down the club.
The club's functionaries organized for the swimmers to flee Austria to disparate locations in Palestine, Europe and the United States. Sixty-five years director Yaron Zilberman meets the members of the women's swim team in their homes around the world, arranges for them to have a reunion in their old swimming pool in Vienna. Told by the swimmers, now in their eighties, Watermarks traces back the story of a group of young girls with a passion to be the best. Hakoah means "The Strength" in Hebrew. One of the women featured in the film, Judith Haspel, was a record-setting swimmer, selected to represent Austria in the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, she was stripped of her records and banned from competition. Her records were reinstated in 1995; the song that accompany the swimming scene at Amalienbad, Dein ist mein ganzes Herz, is from the operetta Das Land des Lächelns composed by Franz Lehár to the lyrics of the first president of Hakoah Vienna, Fritz Löhner-Beda. Löhner-Beda was sent to Auschwitz after the Anschluss where he was shot to death by a Nazi officer for not running enough.
Löhner-Beda wrote the lyrics to the song Buchenwald March to the music of a fellow prisoner and a Viennese cabaret giant, Hermann Leopoldi while they were prisoners at Buchenwald. In the cabaret scene in the film and singer Boris Eder, performs the song as a part of an evening dedicated to the songs of Leopoldi; when Zilberman started to research the project he was planning to make a film about Hakoah Vienna's soccer team. Only after he met with the women swimmers as part of his research, he realized that their personalities and the story of the women swim team should be the subject of the film. Watermarks premiered to critical acclaim in 2005 with Stephen Holden of the New York Times saying "Watermarks becomes more than a pointed footnote to the holocaust, it emerges as a encouraging reflection on the distance between youth and advanced age." The film went on to receive a 96% critic rating on Rotten Tomatoes. The film was theatrically distributed throughout the U. S. Canada and Europe and Australia.
It was co-produced with ARTE in association with HBO. Audience Award for Best Documentary, Palm Springs International Film Festival, 2005 Reader Jury of the "Standard" Honorable Mention, Vienna International Film Festival, 2004 Audience Award for Best Documentary, Boston Jewish Film Festival, 2004 Audience Award for Best Documentary, Washington Jewish Film Festival, 2004 Audience Award for Best Documentary, San Diego Jewish Film Festival, 2005 Second Prize, Hot Docs International Film Festival, 2005 Grand Prix du Public, Paris International Cinema Film Festival, 2005 Grand Prix, Kiev International Documentary Film Festival, 2005 Portrait de Femme, France, 2007 Best Israeli Film, Berlin Jewish Film Festival, 2005 Honorary Medal, French Parliament, 2007 Best Cinematography, Jerusalem Film Festival, 2004 Best Documentary Nominee, Israeli Academy Awards, 2005 Watermarks on IMDb Watermarks at Box Office Mojo Watermarks at Rotten Tomatoes Watermarks at Metacritic
Watermark was a Contemporary Christian singing duo composed of husband and wife Nathan and Christy Nockels. They were under Rocketown Records. Watermark got their start recording under the name Sons and Daughters, with longtime friends Charlie and Kimber Hall, they released their first record, Holy Roar, with this lineup in 1995. In 1997, they released Open Me Up under the same name; that same year and Christy began leading worship at Metro Bible Study at Houston's First Baptist Church. This is. Rocketown heard about Watermark around 1998, soon signed them to the label; that same year, an album called Watermark. This disc is a complete re-record of the Sons and Daughters disc Open Me Up, with only a few song changes, their second album, All Things New, their best-known project, released in 2000. Constant, their 3rd studio project with Rocketown, was released in 2002, their final all-studio album, The Purest Place, was released in August 2004. This project yielded the couple a GMA Music Awards nomination for Inspirational Album of the Year, helped to earn Christy a nod for Female Vocalist, though neither award was won.
On March 14, 2006, Watermark released their final album as a part of Rocketown. A Grateful People was recorded live at the couple's church in Brentwood, Tennessee in August 2005, it includes 12 tracks from 2 brand new studio tracks. Friends of the couple who have played roles in their ministry that are special guests on the album include Point of Grace, Chris Tomlin, Ed Cash, Shane and Shane. Throughout the years and Christy have played a part in the Passion Conferences, which were started by Louie Giglio. Most Nathan has produced live recordings of the 2005 and 2006 conferences in Nashville, Tennessee. Nathan is an avid producer, having produced not only the Passion CDs, but Watermark's The Purest Place, Rita Springer's I Have To Believe, among others. Watermark has toured extensively during their career, doing both solo shows and with such notable groups as Point of Grace and Michael W. Smith. Michael W. Smith has said of Watermark, "Christy Nockels creates space for worship like few artists I've been around.
When she sings, it's disarming--you must pay attention. Whether it's 10,000 people at a Passion Conference or an intimate gathering, Christy is a worshiper who leads us all. Nathan and Christy Nockels are a huge part of the Rocketown Records story, my life has been enriched by their love for worship music." Lead singer Christy Nockels released her first solo album, Life Light Up, on June 2, 2009, under sixstepsrecords. Christy and Nathan are an active part of Passion Conferences, in 2008 they moved to Atlanta to be a founding family of Passion City Church. Studio albumsWatermark All Things New Constant The Purest Place Live albumsA Grateful People Watermark have released many songs available on various compilations; these songs include: "O Come Emmanuel", "In the Garden/There Is None Like You", "Breathe", "Grace Flows Down", "Breath of God." ThoughtQuotient.com Interview with Watermark Christy Nockels' official website
Iosif Aleksandrovich Brodsky was a Russian and American poet and essayist. Born in Leningrad in 1940, Brodsky ran afoul of Soviet authorities and was expelled from the Soviet Union in 1972, settling in the United States with the help of W. H. Auden and other supporters, he taught thereafter at Mount Holyoke College, at universities including Yale, Columbia and Michigan. Brodsky was awarded the 1987 Nobel Prize in Literature "for an all-embracing authorship, imbued with clarity of thought and poetic intensity", he was appointed United States Poet Laureate in 1991. According to Professor Andrey Ranchin of Moscow State University: “Brodsky is the only modern Russian poet whose body of work has been awarded the honorary title of a canonized classic... Brodsky's literary canonization is an exceptional phenomenon. No other contemporary Russian writer has been honored as the hero of such a number of memoir texts. Brodsky was born into a Russian Jewish family in Leningrad, he was a descendant of a ancient rabbinic family Schorr.
His direct male-line ancestor is Joseph ben Isaac Bekhor Shor. His father, Aleksandr Brodsky, was a professional photographer in the Soviet Navy, his mother, Maria Volpert Brodskaya, was a professional interpreter whose work helped to support the family, they lived in poverty, marginalized by their Jewish status. In early childhood Brodsky survived the Siege of Leningrad where he and his parents nearly died of starvation, he suffered from various health problems caused by the siege. Brodsky commented that many of his teachers were anti-Semitic and that he felt like a dissident from an early age, he noted "I began to despise Lenin when I was in the first grade, not so much because of his political philosophy or practice... but because of his omnipresent images." As a young student Brodsky was "an unruly child" known for his misbehavior during classes. At fifteen, Brodsky tried to enter the School of Submariners without success, he went on to work as a milling machine operator. Having decided to become a physician, he worked at the morgue at the Kresty Prison and sewing bodies.
He subsequently held a variety of jobs in hospitals, in a ship's boiler room, on geological expeditions. At the same time, Brodsky engaged in a program of self-education, he learned Polish so he could translate the works of Polish poets such as Czesław Miłosz, English so that he could translate John Donne. On the way, he acquired a deep interest in classical philosophy, religion and English and American poetry. In 1955, Brodsky began producing literary translations, he circulated them in secret, some were published by the underground journal Sintaksis. His writings were apolitical. By 1958 he was well known in literary circles for his poems "The Jewish cemetery near Leningrad" and "Pilgrims". Asked when he first felt called to poetry, he recollected, "In 1959, in Yakutsk, when walking in that terrible city, I went into a bookstore. I snagged a copy of poems by Baratynsky. I had nothing to read. So I read that book and understood what I had to do in life. Or got excited, at least. So in a way, Evgeny Abramovich Baratynsky is sort of responsible."
His friend Ludmila Shtern recalled working with Brodsky on an irrigation project in his "Geological Period": "We bounced around the Leningrad Province examining kilometers of canals, checking their embankments, which looked terrible. They were falling down, coming apart, had all sorts of strange things growing in them... It was during these trips, that I was privileged to hear the poems "The Hills" and "You Will Gallop in the Dark". Brodsky read them aloud to me between two train cars as we were going towards Tikhvin."In 1960, the young Brodsky met Anna Akhmatova, one of the leading poets of the silver age. She encouraged his work, would go on to become his mentor. In 1962, in Leningrad, Anna Akhmatova introduced him to the artist Marina Basmanova, a young painter from an established artistic family, drawing Akhmatova's portrait; the two started a relationship. Bobyshev began to pursue the girl and Brodsky began to be pursued by the authorities. Brodsky dedicated much love poetry to Marina Basmanova: In 1963, Brodsky's poetry was denounced by a Leningrad newspaper as "pornographic and anti-Soviet".
His papers were confiscated, he was interrogated, twice put in a mental institution and arrested. He was charged with social parasitism by the Soviet authorities in a trial in 1964, finding that his series of odd jobs and role as a poet were not a sufficient contribution to society, they called him "a pseudo-poet in velveteen trousers" who failed to fulfill his "constitutional duty to work for the good of the motherland". The trial judge asked "Who has recognized you as a poet? Who has enrolled you in the ranks of poets?" – "No one," Brodsky replied, "Who enrolled me in the ranks of the human race?" Brodsky was not yet 24. For his "parasitism" Brodsky was sentenced to five years hard labor and served 18 months on a farm in the village of Norenskaya, in the Archangelsk region, 350 miles from Leningrad, he rented his own small cottage, though it was without plumbing or central heating, having one's own, private space was taken to be a great luxury at the time. Basmanova and Brodsky'
A watermark is an identifying image or pattern in paper that appears as various shades of lightness/darkness when viewed by transmitted light, caused by thickness or density variations in the paper. Watermarks have been used on postage stamps and other government documents to discourage counterfeiting. There are two main ways of producing watermarks in paper. Watermarks vary in their visibility. Various aids have been developed, such as watermark fluid. A watermark is useful in the examination of paper because it can be used for dating, identifying sizes, mill trademarks and locations, determining the quality of a sheet of paper; the word is used for digital practices that share similarities with physical watermarks. In one case, overprint on computer-printed output may be used to identify output from an unlicensed trial version of a program. In another instance, identifying codes can be encoded as a digital watermark for a music, picture, or other file; the origin of the water part of a watermark can be found back when a watermark was something that only existed in paper.
At that time the watermark was created by changing the thickness of the paper and thereby creating a shadow/lightness in the watermarked paper. This was done while the paper was still wet/watery and therefore the mark created by this process is called a watermark. Watermarks were first introduced in Fabriano, Italy, in 1282. Traditionally, a watermark was made by impressing a water-coated metal stamp or dandy roll onto the paper during manufacturing; the invention of the dandy roll in 1826 by John Marshall revolutionised the watermark process and made it easier for producers to watermark their paper. The dandy roll is a light roller covered by material similar to window screen, embossed with a pattern. Faint lines are made by laid wires that run parallel to the axis of the dandy roll, the bold lines are made by chain wires that run around the circumference to secure the laid wires to the roll from the outside; because the chain wires are located on the outside of the laid wires, they have a greater influence on the impression in the pulp, hence their bolder appearance than the laid wire lines.
This embossing is transferred to the pulp fibres and reducing their thickness in that area. Because the patterned portion of the page is thinner, it transmits more light through and therefore has a lighter appearance than the surrounding paper. If these lines are distinct and parallel, and/or there is a watermark the paper is termed laid paper. If the lines appear as a mesh or are indiscernible, and/or there is no watermark it is called wove paper; this method is called line drawing watermarks. Another type of watermark is called the cylinder mould watermark, it is a shaded watermark first used in 1848 that incorporates tonal depth and creates a greyscale image. Instead of using a wire covering for the dandy roll, the shaded watermark is created by areas of relief on the roll's own surface. Once dry, the paper may be rolled again to produce a watermark of thickness but with varying density; the resulting watermark is much clearer and more detailed than those made by the Dandy Roll process, as such Cylinder Mould Watermark Paper is the preferred type of watermarked paper for banknotes, motor vehicle titles, other documents where it is an important anti-counterfeiting measure.
In philately, the watermark is a key feature of a stamp, constitutes the difference between a common and a rare stamp. Collectors who encounter two otherwise identical stamps with different watermarks consider each stamp to be a separate identifiable issue; the "classic" stamp watermark is a small crown or other national symbol, appearing either once on each stamp or a continuous pattern. Watermarks were nearly universal on stamps in the 19th and early 20th centuries, but fell out of use and are not used on modern U. S. issues. Some types of embossing, such as that used to make the "cross on oval" design on early stamps of Switzerland, resemble a watermark in that the paper is thinner, but can be distinguished by having sharper edges than is usual for a normal watermark. Stamp paper watermarks show various designs, letters and pictorial elements; the process of bringing out the stamp watermark is simple. Sometimes a watermark in stamp paper can be seen just by looking at the unprinted back side of a stamp.
More the collector must use a few basic items to get a good look at the watermark. For example, watermark fluid may be applied to the back of a stamp to temporarily reveal the watermark. Using the simple watermarking method described, it can be difficult to distinguish some watermarks. Watermarks on stamps printed in yellow and orange can be difficult to see. A few mechanical devices are used by collectors to detect watermarks on stamps such as the Morley-Bright watermark detector and the more expensive Safe Signoscope; such devices can be useful for they can be used without the application of watermark fluid and allow the collector to look at the watermark for a longer period of time to more detect the watermark. Audio watermark detection Thomas Harry Saunders Allan H. Stevenson Overprinting Overprint Buxton, B. H; the Buxton Encyclopedia of Watermarks. Tappan, N. Y.: Buxton Stamp Co. 1977 114p. Felix, Ervin J; the Stamp Collector's Guidebook of Worldwide Perforations, from 1840 to date. Racine, WI.: Whitman Publishing Co. 1966 256p.