Blaby is a local government district in Leicestershire, England. The district is named after the village of Blaby; the population of the district at the 2011 census was 93,915. It covers the civil parish of 23 others. Among these are Cosby, Enderby, Narborough, Stoney Stanton, Wigston Parva. Much of the district is part of the Leicester Urban Area: this applies to the parishes of Braunstone Town. There are plans to extend this urban area through a large scale housing development, in the rural parish of Lubbesthorpe, expansion of the industrial area in the neighbouring parish of Enderby. Blaby was represented in Parliament by the former Chancellor of the Exchequer, Nigel Lawson, between 1974 and 1992; the district traces its origins to the Blaby Poor Law Union, founded in 1834. It became a rural district of Leicestershire in 1894. Oadby was removed in 1913 to form an urban district. 1935 saw parts being transferred to Leicester, whilst it took in part of the abolished Hinckley Rural District. In 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, the area was reconstituted as a non-metropolitan district.
In 1994 a new development within Braunstone Town, Thorpe Astley, was built over the course of 15 years. This totalled over 2,000 homes during the phased construction; the development in Lubbesthorpe, approved in January 2014, is located to land west of Thorpe Astley, divided by the M1. Blaby District contains several well-known developments in the county, centred around junction 21 of the M1; the most prominent is Fosse Shopping Park, one of the busiest out-of-town shopping centers in the country. The Meridian Leisure Centre, constructed adjacent to and at the same time as the first phase of Thorpe Astley, is located in the district, including a Vue Cinema, Hollywood Bowl, Nandos and Bennys, Harvester, Pizza Hut and children's play centre. Large Sainsbury's and Asda Superstores are placed next to Fosse Park and the Junction 21 area. Business parks adorn the gateway into Leicester. Meridian Business Park is next to both Thorpe Astley and the Meridian Leisure Centre houses several well-known businesses including Makro, Samworth Brothers and Southern Fire and Rescue Station, the only such station located within the district.
As demonstrated Blaby district has undergone rapid growth since the middle of the last century, this will undoubtedly continue as projected in light of New Lubbesthorpe in development since around 2015 to the west of the City of Leicester. Aston Flamville Blaby, Braunstone Town Cosby, Croft Elmesthorpe, Enderby Glen Parva, Glenfield Huncote Kilby, Kirby Muxloe Leicester Forest East, Leicester Forest, Lubbesthorpe Narborough Potters Marston Sapcote, Stoney Stanton Thurlaston Whetstone, Wigston Parva Blaby District Council
Nature Alive is a 5.7 hectares Local Nature Reserve northern outskirts of Coalville in Leicestershire. It is managed by North West Leicestershire District Council; this site was a coal stocking yard for Snibston Colliery, it now has diverse habitats such as woodland, ponds, a wildflower meadow, rough pasture and hedges. Fauna include great crested newts. There is access from Stephenson Way and Brunel Way
Borough of Charnwood
The Borough of Charnwood is a local government district with borough status in the north of Leicestershire, which has a population of 166,100 as of the 2011 census. It borders Melton to the east, Harborough to the south east and Blaby to the south and Bosworth to the south west, North West Leicestershire to the west and Rushcliffe in Nottinghamshire to the north, it is named after an area which the borough contains much of. The administrative centre of the borough is located in Loughborough, the district's largest town and its main commercial centre; the town is the location of Loughborough University. Other notable settlements include Shepshed, Syston and Thurmaston; the district of Charnwood was formed on 1 April 1974 as a merger of the municipal borough of Loughborough, the Shepshed urban district and the Barrow upon Soar Rural District. It was granted borough status on 15 May 1974; the symbol of Charnwood Borough Council is the fox linked with Leicestershire, this is the symbol used by Leicestershire County Council.
Charnwood contains Quorn, believed to be the birthplace of fox-hunting. To the south it borders the City of Leicester, about 20 km away from Loughborough. There is a moderately urbanised A6 corridor between the two population centres and close to the River Soar, including Quorn, Barrow-on-Soar, Birstall, Thurmaston, Syston and East Goscote. To the south of the borough Birstall, Queniborough and Syston, form part of the Leicester Urban Area, while Quorn and Shepshed, amongst others, might be considerered to be part of a Loughborough urban agglomeration; the highest point is Beacon Hill to the north of the Charnwood Forest'area of natural beauty' extending WN-west into the National Forest There are two Parliamentary constituencies covering the district. Charnwood is represented by the Conservative Edward Argar MP. Loughborough is represented by the Conservative Party's Nicky Morgan. Charnwood is the largest borough by population in Leicestershire, has the largest school population as well. Anstey Barkby, Barkby Thorpe, Barrow upon Soar, Birstall, Burton on the Wolds Cossington, Cotes East Goscote Hathern, Hoton Mountsorrel Newtown Linford Prestwold Queniborough, Quorn Ratcliffe on the Wreake, Rothley Seagrave, Sileby, South Croxton, Syston Thrussington and Cropston, Thurmaston Ulverscroft Walton on the Wolds, Woodhouse, Wymeswold Charnwood Borough Council YouTube channel
Birdwatching, or birding, is a form of wildlife observation in which the observation of birds is a recreational activity or citizen science. It can be done with the naked eye, through a visual enhancement device like binoculars and telescopes, by listening for bird sounds, or by watching public webcams. Birdwatching involves a significant auditory component, as many bird species are more detected and identified by ear than by eye. Most birdwatchers pursue this activity for recreational or social reasons, unlike ornithologists, who engage in the study of birds using formal scientific methods; the first recorded use of the term birdwatcher was in 1891. The term birding was used for the practice of fowling or hunting with firearms as in Shakespeare's The Merry Wives of Windsor: "She laments sir... her husband goes this morning a-birding." The terms birding and birdwatching are today used by some interchangeably, although some participants prefer birding because it includes the auditory aspects of enjoying birds.
In North America, many birders differentiate themselves from birdwatchers, the term birder is unfamiliar to most lay people. At the most basic level, the distinction is perceived as one of dedication or intensity, though this is a subjective differentiation. Self-described birders perceive themselves to be more versed in minutiae like identification, distribution, migration timing, habitat usage. Whereas these dedicated birders may travel in search of birds, birdwatchers have been described by some enthusiasts as having a more limited scope not venturing far from their own yards or local parks to view birds. Indeed, in 1969 a Birding Glossary appeared in Birding magazine which gave the following definitions: Birder; the acceptable term used to describe the person who pursues the hobby of birding. May be professional or amateur. Birding. A hobby in which individuals enjoy the challenge of bird study, listing, or other general activities involving bird life. Bird-watcher. A rather ambiguous term used to describe the person who watches birds for any reason at all, should not be used to refer to the serious birder.
Twitching is a British term used to mean "the pursuit of a located rare bird." In North America it is more called chasing, though the British usage is starting to catch on there among younger birders. The term twitcher, sometimes misapplied as a synonym for birder, is reserved for those who travel long distances to see a rare bird that would be ticked, or counted on a list; the term originated in the 1950s, when it was used for the nervous behaviour of Howard Medhurst, a British birdwatcher. Prior terms for those who chased rarities were tally-hunter, or tick-hunter; the main goal of twitching is to accumulate species on one's lists. Some birders engage in competition to accumulate the longest species list; the act of the pursuit itself is referred to a chase. A rare bird that stays put long enough for people to see it is chaseable. Twitching is developed in the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Ireland and Sweden; the size of these countries makes it possible to travel throughout them and with relative ease.
The most popular twitches in the UK have drawn large crowds. Twitchers have developed their own vocabulary. For example, a twitcher who fails to see a rare bird has dipped out. Suppression is the act of concealing news of a rare bird from other twitchers. Many birders maintain a life list, that is, a list of all of the species they have seen in their life with details about the sighting such as date and location; the American Birding Association has specific rules about how a bird species may be documented and recorded in such a list if it is submitted to the ABA. Some birders "count" species they have identified audibly, while others only record species that they have identified visually; some maintain a country list, state list, county list, yard list, year list, or any combination of these. The early interest in observing birds for their aesthetic rather than utilitarian value is traced to the late 18th century in the works of Gilbert White, Thomas Bewick, George Montagu and John Clare; the study of birds and natural history in general became prevalent in Britain during the Victorian Era associated with collection and skins being the artifacts of interest.
Wealthy collectors made use of their contacts in the colonies to obtain specimens from around the world. It was only in the late 19th century that the call for bird protection began leading to the rising popularity of observations on living birds; the Audubon Society was started to protect birds from the growing trade in feathers in the United States while the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds began in Britain. The term "birdwatching" appeared for the first time as the title of a book "Bird Watching" by Edmund Selous in 1901. In North America, the identification of birds, once thought possible only by shooting was made possible by the emergence of optics and field identification guides; the earliest field guide in the US was Birds through an Opera Glass by Florence Bailey. Birding in North America was focused in the early and mid-20th century in the eastern seaboard region, was influenced by the works of Ludlow Griscom and Roger Tory Peterson. Bird Neighbors by N
Fishing is the activity of trying to catch fish. Fish are caught in the wild. Techniques for catching fish include hand gathering, netting and trapping. “Fishing” may include catching aquatic animals other than fish, such as molluscs, cephalopods and echinoderms. The term is not applied to catching farmed fish, or to aquatic mammals, such as whales where the term whaling is more appropriate. In addition to being caught to be eaten, fish are caught as recreational pastimes. Fishing tournaments are held, caught fish are sometimes kept as preserved or living trophies; when bioblitzes occur, fish are caught and released. According to the United Nations FAO statistics, the total number of commercial fishermen and fish farmers is estimated to be 38 million. Fisheries and aquaculture provide direct and indirect employment to over 500 million people in developing countries. In 2005, the worldwide per capita consumption of fish captured from wild fisheries was 14.4 kilograms, with an additional 7.4 kilograms harvested from fish farms.
Fishing is an ancient practice that dates back to at least the beginning of the Upper Paleolithic period about 40,000 years ago. Isotopic analysis of the skeletal remains of Tianyuan man, a 40,000-year-old modern human from eastern Asia, has shown that he consumed freshwater fish. Archaeology features such as shell middens, discarded fish bones, cave paintings show that sea foods were important for survival and consumed in significant quantities. Fishing in Africa is evident early on in human history. Neanderthals were fishing by about 200,000 BC to have a source of food for their families and to trade or sell. People could have developed basketry for fish traps, spinning and early forms of knitting in order to make fishing nets to be able to catch more fish in larger quantities. During this period, most people lived a hunter-gatherer lifestyle and were, of necessity on the move. However, where there are early examples of permanent settlements such as those at Lepenski Vir, they are always associated with fishing as a major source of food.
The British dogger was an early type of sailing trawler from the 17th century, but the modern fishing trawler was developed in the 19th century, at the English fishing port of Brixham. By the early 19th century, the fishermen at Brixham needed to expand their fishing area further than before due to the ongoing depletion of stocks, occurring in the overfished waters of South Devon; the Brixham trawler that evolved there was of a sleek build and had a tall gaff rig, which gave the vessel sufficient speed to make long distance trips out to the fishing grounds in the ocean. They were sufficiently robust to be able to tow large trawls in deep water; the great trawling fleet that built up at Brixham, earned the village the title of'Mother of Deep-Sea Fisheries'. This revolutionary design made large scale trawling in the ocean possible for the first time, resulting in a massive migration of fishermen from the ports in the South of England, to villages further north, such as Scarborough, Grimsby and Yarmouth, that were points of access to the large fishing grounds in the Atlantic Ocean.
The small village of Grimsby grew to become the largest fishing port in the world by the mid 19th century. An Act of Parliament was first obtained in 1796, which authorised the construction of new quays and dredging of the Haven to make it deeper, it was only in the 1846, with the tremendous expansion in the fishing industry, that the Grimsby Dock Company was formed. The foundation stone for the Royal Dock was laid by Albert the Prince consort in 1849; the dock covered 25 acres and was formally opened by Queen Victoria in 1854 as the first modern fishing port. The elegant Brixham trawler spread across the world. By the end of the 19th century, there were over 3,000 fishing trawlers in commission in Britain, with 1,000 at Grimsby; these trawlers were sold to fishermen including from the Netherlands and Scandinavia. Twelve trawlers went on to form the nucleus of the German fishing fleet; the earliest steam powered fishing boats first appeared in the 1870s and used the trawl system of fishing as well as lines and drift nets.
These were large boats 80–90 feet in length with a beam of around 20 feet. They travelled at 9 -- 11 knots; the earliest purpose built fishing vessels were designed and made by David Allan in Leith, Scotland in March 1875, when he converted a drifter to steam power. In 1877, he built. Steam trawlers were introduced at Hull in the 1880s. In 1890 it was estimated; the steam drifter was not used in the herring fishery until 1897. The last sailing fishing trawler was built in 1925 in Grimsby. Trawler designs adapted as the way they were powered changed from sail to coal-fired steam by World War I to diesel and turbines by the end of World War II. In 1931, the first powered drum was created by Laurie Jarelainen; the drum was a circular device, set to the side of the boat and would draw in the nets. Since World War II, radio navigation aids and fish finders have been used; the first trawlers fished over the side, rather than over the stern. The first purpose built stern trawler was Fairtry built in 1953 at Scotland.
The ship was much larger than any other trawlers in operation and inaugurated the era of the'super trawler'. As the ship pulled its nets over the stern, it could lift out a much greater haul of up to 60 tons; the ship served as a basis for the expansion of'su
Humberstone Park LNR
Humberstone Park LNR is a 2.4 hectare Local Nature Reserve in Leicester. It is managed by Leicester City Council; the nature reserve is part of Humberstone Park. It has diverse fauna and flora, there is a sunken garden and a former railway embankment called Rally Bank. There is access from a footpath which starts near the Saltersford Road entrance and crosses Busby Brook
Burbage Wood and Aston Firs
Burbage Wood and Aston Firs is a 51.1 hectare biological Site of Special Scientific Interest Leicestershire. These semi-natural woods on poorly drained soils are dominated by oak. Hazel and hawthorn are common in the shrub layer, there are flowers such as sweet woodruff and water avens. There is public access to Burbage Wood. Burbage Wood is part of Burbage Common and Woods, an 85 hectare Local Nature Reserve.. The nature reserve is owned by Hinckley and Bosworth Borough Council who manage it as a nature reserve and a public park.. The Common is unimproved heath-grassland and is common land; such heathland was common in this area until land use changes in the 19th century