Jefferson County, Wisconsin

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Jefferson County, Wisconsin
JeffersonCountyCourthouseWIS26.jpg
Jefferson County courthouse
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Jefferson County
Location in the U.S. state of Wisconsin
Map of the United States highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location in the U.S.
Founded 1839
Named for Jefferson County, New York
Seat Jefferson
Largest city Watertown
Area
 • Total 583 sq mi (1,510 km2)
 • Land 556 sq mi (1,440 km2)
 • Water 26 sq mi (67 km2), 4.5%
Population
 • (2010) 83,686
 • Density 150/sq mi (58/km²)
Congressional district 5th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.jeffersoncountywi.gov

Jefferson County is a county in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 83,686,[1] its county seat is Jefferson.[2]

Jefferson County comprises the Watertown-Fort Atkinson, WI Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Milwaukee-Racine-Waukesha, WI Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Jefferson County was created in 1836 as part of Wisconsin Territory and was organized in 1839,[3] it was named after Jefferson County, New York, where some of the original settlers came from.[4] The town of Watertown, Wisconsin was named after Watertown, New York in Jefferson County, New York.

Geography[edit]

Soils of Jefferson County

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 583 square miles (1,510 km2), of which 556 square miles (1,440 km2) is land and 26 square miles (67 km2) (4.5%) is water.[5]

Major highways[edit]

Airports[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Jefferson County
Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 914
1850 15,317 1,575.8%
1860 30,438 98.7%
1870 34,040 11.8%
1880 32,156 −5.5%
1890 33,530 4.3%
1900 34,789 3.8%
1910 34,306 −1.4%
1920 35,022 2.1%
1930 36,785 5.0%
1940 38,868 5.7%
1950 43,069 10.8%
1960 50,094 16.3%
1970 60,060 19.9%
1980 66,152 10.1%
1990 67,783 2.5%
2000 74,021 9.2%
2010 83,686 13.1%
Est. 2016 84,625 [6] 1.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790–1960[8] 1900–1990[9]
1990–2000[10] 2010–2014[1]

As of the census[11] of 2010, there were 83,686 people, 32,117 households, and 21,872 families residing in the county, the population density was 133 people per square mile (51/km²). There were 30,092 housing units at an average density of 54 per square mile (21/km²). The county's racial makeup was 96.34% White, 0.28% Black or African American, 0.34% Native American, 0.45% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.65% from other races, and 0.93% from two or more races. 4.09% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 55.1% were of German, 6.1% Norwegian, 6.0% Irish and 5.1% American ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 28,205 households out of which 33.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.50% were married couples living together, 8.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.50% were non-families. 23.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.20% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 30.40% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, and 12.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years, for every 100 females there were 98.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.80 males.

The Dwight Foster Public Library, which serves as the resource library for the county, [12] had a total service population of 19,095 in 2010.[13]

Government[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 54.3% 23,417 38.4% 16,569 7.3% 3,123
2012 53.1% 23,517 45.5% 20,158 1.4% 606
2008 48.9% 21,096 49.7% 21,448 1.4% 622
2004 56.5% 23,776 42.6% 17,925 1.0% 414
2000 53.2% 19,204 42.1% 15,203 4.7% 1,692
1996 42.6% 12,681 44.3% 13,188 13.1% 3,905
1992 39.9% 13,072 35.3% 11,593 24.8% 8,137
1988 54.3% 14,309 44.9% 11,816 0.8% 217
1984 61.8% 17,780 37.5% 10,788 0.8% 216
1980 53.9% 16,174 37.8% 11,335 8.3% 2,491
1976 53.9% 15,528 43.7% 12,577 2.5% 707
1972 59.5% 14,621 37.8% 9,303 2.7% 663
1968 55.0% 12,478 38.4% 8,716 6.6% 1,504
1964 39.6% 8,741 60.2% 13,295 0.2% 48
1960 61.6% 14,133 38.2% 8,757 0.2% 39
1956 67.0% 13,357 32.4% 6,452 0.6% 122
1952 66.9% 13,884 32.9% 6,827 0.2% 32
1948 52.4% 8,244 46.1% 7,256 1.5% 228
1944 59.2% 10,245 40.4% 6,988 0.5% 84
1940 56.0% 10,178 43.2% 7,842 0.8% 149
1936 32.3% 5,599 64.3% 11,144 3.4% 581
1932 30.8% 5,062 68.3% 11,230 1.0% 156
1928 57.3% 8,612 41.9% 6,305 0.8% 116
1924 31.2% 4,250 10.1% 1,374 58.7% 7,987
1920 80.4% 8,865 16.7% 1,844 2.9% 320
1916 49.6% 3,785 47.7% 3,645 2.7% 206
1912 27.4% 1,926 62.4% 4,381 10.2% 714
1908 40.4% 3,207 56.6% 4,492 2.9% 233
1904 47.7% 3,669 49.1% 3,778 3.2% 249
1900 46.3% 3,729 51.2% 4,127 2.6% 207
1896 52.6% 4,344 42.4% 3,504 5.0% 409
1892 35.4% 2,679 61.5% 4,661 3.1% 235

The County Board of Supervisors, with 30 members, serves as the legislative body for the county. There are seven elected officials in addition to the County Board of Supervisors. County-wide partisan elections are held in November, the County Board's members are elected for two-year terms during a spring non-partisan election. The County Board is responsible for the county administrator.[clarification needed] The County Board elects a chairman, vice-chairman, and second vice-chairman.

Communities[edit]

Grandstands at the county fairgrounds in Jefferson
Sign at fairgrounds

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 21, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Wisconsin: Individual County Chronologies". Wisconsin Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2007. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Term: Jefferson County [origin of place name]" in Dictionary of Wisconsin History.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 5, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved August 5, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 5, 2015. 
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 5, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 5, 2015. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  12. ^ "Jefferson County Library Service". Retrieved 24 April 2012. 
  13. ^ "Wisconsin Public Library Service Data, 2010" (PDF). Department of Public Instruction. 
  14. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°01′N 88°47′W / 43.02°N 88.78°W / 43.02; -88.78