Electoral district of Keysborough
The electoral district of Keysborough is an electoral district of the Victorian Legislative Assembly in Australia. It was created in the redistribution of electoral boundaries in 2013, came into effect at the 2014 state election, it covers the area of the abolished district of Lyndhurst, covering southeast suburbs of Melbourne. It includes the suburbs of Springvale South, Noble Park and Dingley Village; the abolished seat of Lyndhurst was held by Labor MP Martin Pakula as of the 2013 by-election. Pakula won the new seat with a swing to Labor. District profile from the Victorian Electoral Commission
Mordialloc is a beachside suburb in Melbourne, Australia, 24 km south-east of Melbourne's central business district. Its local government area is the City of Kingston. At the 2016 census, Mordialloc had a population of 8,166; the name is derived from the term moordy yallock which originated from the Aboriginal language Boonwurrung, listed in some sources as meaning muddy creek, in others as "little sea."Mordialloc Post Office opened on 17 October 1863. In 1995 it was renamed Braeside Business Centre, a new Mordialloc office opened near the railway station. Mordialloc Creek is arguably the most significant feature of the suburb. Home to Pompei's boat works, Mordialloc Creek has a rich history of traditional wooden boat building. Many classic boats line the banks of the creek. Mordialloc railway station is on the Frankston railway line. Mordialloc College - Mordialloc Mordialloc Beach Primary School - Mordialloc St Brigids Mordialloc The suburb has an Australian Rules football team competing in the Southern Football League.
Golfers play at the course of the Woodlands Golf Club on Mordialloc. The Epsom Park Horse Racing track was situated in Mordialloc. Now a housing estate, in its heyday at the beginning of the 20th century it was one of Victoria's premier race tracks. In life it became a training track before being closed in the 1980s. In 2008, Doug Denyer Reserve, situated in Epsom Park hosted it first cricket season with Mordialloc Redbacks being the home team, Redbacks being a part of the Mordialloc Cricket Club; the Redbacks first Junior Head Coach at Epsom Park was David Beckett. There are numerous walking/cycling trails in Mordialloc, including the: Long Beach Trail from the Patterson River to the Mordialloc Pier. Bay Trail from Seaford to Port Melbourne. Mordialloc Creek Trail from the Mordialloc Pier to Aspendale Gardens. Numerous'desire paths' that run next to the Mordialloc Creek between the Wells Road bridge and the Boat Ramp near Chute Street. Electoral district of Mordialloc Australian Places - Mordialloc
Edithvale is a suburb in Melbourne, Australia, 28 km south-east from Melbourne's central business district. Its local government area is the City of Kingston. At the 2016 census, Edithvale had a population of 5,806. Edithvale Post Office opened on 20 April 1923. Edithvale railway station on the Frankston line services the area. Edithvale is on the Route 902 SmartBus orbital between Airport West and Chelsea, it is served by the occasional Route 706 to Mordialloc. Edithvale Primary School has a long history being a wooden building, burnt down in 1930 and rebuilt in red brick as it is today. During the 1960s it was the largest school in the area with over 1000 students. Notable students include Federal MP Greg Wilton. Edithvale is best known for its long beach of pure white sand and historic bathing boxes. Residents groups have set up the Kingston Boatshed Association to protect these historic treasures constructed by their owners for family activities such as swimming and fishing; the waters of Port Phillip Bay provide an excellent reflection as the sun sets directly facing the shore.
Today large houses are being built on the absolute beach frontages which are sought after. Pre-war this area was popular with Melbourne city residents who caught the train down on a hot Sunday and swam at Edithvale lifesaving club with its pier. Caught fish in the area include Flathead and Garfish, as well as Flounder which can be taken with a hand spear. Dolphins have been seen swimming 100 metres from shore and small fish fingerlings breed in the shallows; the beach, ultra pure fine white sand has been degraded by coarser sand washed ashore during attempts to reclaim the beach further north at Aspendale in the late 1970s. This reclamation involved pumping sand onto the eroding beach from far offshore; this off shore sand was much coarser and yellower being harder and grittier. It's clear today to see the progressive spread of this course sand now 3 km south of its original location. Other changes to the beach include the installation of sewerage to beach front properties in the 1960s when the entire dune was bulldozed, removing all native vegetation and razing what was once a protective mound.
Introduced grasses were planted to hold the sand together and this spread down to near the waters edge, producing what is seen today as a creeping sand dune covering the original beach with grass. Edithvale beach is famous as the home of John Bertrand, skipper of the Americas Cup winning Yacht Australia II, he learnt his seamanship skills at Chelsea Yacht Club sailing on the unpredictable Port Phillip Bay; the town in conjunction with neighbouring suburb Aspendale has an Australian Rules football Edithvale-Aspendale team competing in the Mornington Peninsula Nepean Football League. Golfers play at the Australasian Golf Club's Chelsea Public Golf Course on Fraser Avenue. Part of the Edithvale-Seaford Wetlands Ramsar Site lies within Edithvale, providing opportunities for birdwatching and environmental education as well as walking and bicycle tracks
Chelsea Heights, Victoria
Chelsea Heights is a suburb in Melbourne, Australia, 30 km south-east from Melbourne's central business district. Its local government area is the City of Kingston. At the 2016 census, Chelsea Heights had a population of 5,335; the suburb is home to Chelsea Heights Primary School, The Chelsea Heights Cricket & Football Club, Bonbeach Blue Jays Baseball Club. On the border of Chelsea Heights and Chelsea is the Bayside Trail bicycle track, which begins in Seaford and continues north for 43 km to Port Melbourne. Prior to the 1870s, Chelsea Heights was known as the Isles of Wannarkladdin, being the only high land of the Carrum Carrum Swamp; the aerial photography at the beginning of the Network 7 show Kath & Kim shows the central portion of Chelsea Heights. It is the home of the famous "Bike Riding With King Browns". City of Springvale - the former local government area of which Chelsea Heights was a part. Australian Places: Chelsea Heights
Melbourne City Centre
Melbourne City Centre is an area of Melbourne, Australia. It is the area in which Melbourne was established in 1835, by John Batman and John Pascoe Fawkner, its boundaries are defined by the Government of Victoria's Melbourne Planning Scheme. Today it comprises the two oldest areas of Melbourne, it is not to be confused with the larger local government area of the City of Melbourne. It is the core central activities district of Melbourne's inner suburbs and the major central business district of Greater Melbourne's metropolitan area, is a major financial centre in Australia and the Asia-Pacific region; the Hoddle Grid in the City Centre is home to Melbourne's famed alleyways and arcades and is renowned for its distinct blend of contemporary and Victorian architecture as well as expansive parks and gardens which surround its edges. The City Centre is home to five of the six tallest buildings in Australia. In recent times, it has been placed alongside New York City and Berlin as one of the world's great street art meccas, designated a "City of Literature" by UNESCO in its Creative Cities Network.
In April 1835, John Batman, a prominent grazier and a member of the Geelong and Dutigalla Association, sailed from Launceston on the island of Van Diemen's Land, aboard the schooner Rebecca, in search of fresh grazing land in the south-east of the Colony of New South Wales. He sailed across Bass Strait, into the bay of Port Phillip, arrived at the mouth of the Yarra River in May. After exploring the surrounding area, he met with the elders of the indigenous Aboriginal group, the Wurundjeri of the Kulin nation alliance, negotiated a transaction for 600,000 acres which became known as Batman's Treaty; the transaction, believed to have taken place on the bank of Merri Creek, consisted of an offering of: blankets, mirrors and other such items. The last sentence of Batman's journal entry on this day became famous as the founding charter of the settlement. So the boat went up the large river. And, I am glad to state about six miles up found the river all good water and deep; this will be the place for a village.
— Journal of John Batman. Upon returning to Van Diemen's Land, Batman's treaty was deemed invalid by the Governor of New South Wales, Sir Richard Bourke, under the Proclamation of Governor Bourke in August 1835, it was the belief of Governor Bourke, as well as the Governor of Van Diemen's Land, Sir George Arthur, that the Aboriginal people did not have any official claims to the lands of the Australian continent. The proclamation formally declared, under the doctrine of terra nullius, that The Crown owned the whole of the Australian continent and that only it alone could sell and distribute land, it therefore voided any contracts or treaties made without the consent of the government, declared any person attempting to rely on such a treaty to be trespassing. However, at the time the proclamation was being drawn up, a prominent businessman from Van Diemen's Land, John Pascoe Fawkner, had funded an expedition to the area. At the same time, the Port Phillip Association had funded a second expedition.
The settlement party aboard the Enterprize entered the Yarra River, anchored close to the site chosen by Batman, on 29 August. The party went ashore the following day and landed their stores and began to construct the settlement; the Association party aboard the Rebecca arrived in September after spending time at a temporary camp at Indented Head, where they encountered William Buckley – an escaped convict, believed dead, living for 32 years with the indigenous Aboriginal group, the Wathaurong of the Kulin nation alliance. Batman was dismayed to discover the settlers of the Enterprize had established a settlement in the area and informed the settlers that they were trespassing on the Association's land. However, according to the Proclamation of Governor Bourke, both the parties were in fact trespassing on Crown land; when Fawkner arrived in October, following tense arguments between the two parties, negotiation were made for land to be shared equally. As Fawkner had arrived after the two parties, he was aware of the Proclamation of Governor Bourke, which had gained approval from the Colonial Office in October.
He knew. Land was divided, the settlement existed peacefully, but without a formal system of governance, it was referred to by a number of names, including: "Batmania" and "Bearbrass" of which the latter was agreed upon by Batman and Fawkner. Fawkner assumed a leading role in the establishment of Bearbrass; the Secretary of State for the Colonies, Charles Grant, recognised the settlement's fait accompli that same year, authorised Governor Bourke to transfer Bearbrass to a Crown settlement. Batman and the Port Phillip Association were compensated £7,000 for the land. And, in March 1837, it was renamed "Melbourne" by Governor Bourke in honour of the British Prime Minister of the day, William Lamb; the City Centre is bordered by
Oakleigh South, Victoria
Oakleigh South is a suburb in Melbourne, Australia, 17 km south-east of Melbourne's central business district. Its local government area is the City of Kingston. At the 2016 Census, Oakleigh South had a population of 9,261. A residential suburb, its boundaries are North Road to the north, South Road to the south, Warrigal Road to the west and Huntingdale/Clarinda Roads to the east. Oakleigh South Post Office opened on 1 September 1936. Following the Second World War, Melbourne flowed into semi-rural land; the suburbs Moorabbin and Oakleigh expanded to the south-east. The end of the Second World War saw an Australian government attitudinal change with regards to immigration. In the 1950s and 1960s, the Australian government formed agreements with many European countries and encouraged immigrants from southern and northern Europe. Many southern European migrants settled first in Melbourne’s inner suburbs such as Carlton and Brunswick, but as they became more financially established, more family and friends arrived, many sought to purchase or build larger homes.
Land in developing suburbs such as Oakleigh South provided an ideal opportunity for larger house blocks. Many people chose to build their own houses and local industries provided employment for many of the first generation of Greek and Italian settlers. Oakleigh South has two primary schools Oakleigh South Primary School and Huntingdale Primary Bilingual School. Oakleigh South has one secondary school South Oakleigh Secondary College; the Melbourne International School of Japanese, a supplementary Japanese school, holds its classes at Oakleigh South Primary. Oakleigh South is serviced by Huntingdale railway station; as part of the Dingley Arterial Project, Old Dandenong Road was connected to South Road, thereby linking suburbs west of Oakleigh South along South Road with suburbs to the east of Oakleigh South along Old Dandenong Road. Located in southeastern Melbourne's famous Sandbelt, the area is home to three noted private golf clubs: Metropolitan Golf Club, Huntingdale Golf Club and Commonwealth Golf Club.
The Olympic Ice Skating Centre, where the Melbourne Ice of the AIHL played up until 2009, is located in Oakleigh South. After the completion of the South Road Extension, Mavis Hutter Reserve was created at the corner of Carroll Road and Bourke Road; the park contains two workstations of outdoor gym equipment, a playground, a granitic sand track. The playground comprises a slide and butterfly sculpture; the granitic sand creates a circuit in the park. Other parks in Oakleigh South are Scammell Reserve, which contains sporting facilities and playgrounds and Talbot Parks, Davies Reserve; the National Trust of Australia has more than 1000 trees listed on its significant tree register. One of these trees is a flowering gum outside the Metropolitan Golf Club's clubhouse in Oakleigh South. According to the Australian Tax Office, the mean yearly taxable income for an Oakleigh South resident is $42,622, higher than the Australian average of $39,719; however though Oakleigh South residents earn more than the national average, they pay less in income taxes.
The average Australian pays $11,554 per year in income taxes while the average Oakleigh South resident pays $9,680 per year in income taxes. The Australian Bureau of Statistics reveals the following demographic facts about Oakleigh South: The proportion of households in Oakleigh South where Greek is the main language spoken is 14.2 per cent compared to the Australian average of 1.3 per cent. The proportion of households where Italian is the main language is 4.7 per cent compared to the Australian average of 1.6 per cent. Many in Oakleigh South own their own home; the proportion of houses that are owned in Oakleigh South is 42.2 per cent compared to the Australian average of 32.6 per cent. There are few flats, units, or apartments. Most Oakleigh South residents own separate houses. In Oakleigh South, 3.4 per cent of dwellings are flats, units, or apartments compared to the Australian average of 14.2 per cent. A 2005 report called Liveable Melbourne, commissioned by The Age and conducted by Tract Consultants and ACIL Tasman, ranked Melbourne suburbs and assigned them scores on fourteen characteristics such as crime, CBD proximity, traffic congestion.
The report found that Oakleigh South had a low crime rate and good proximity to cafes and shopping facilities. Negative characteristics of Oakleigh South include lack of trams, poor proximity to schools, lack of open spaces, little topographical variation; the Sankat Mochan Samiti temple on North Rd conducts Hindu ceremonies and services while the South Oakleigh Gospel Hall on Centre Rd conducts Sunday schools and Christian services. Oakleigh Barracks
Parkdale is a suburb in Melbourne, Australia, 23 km south-east from Melbourne's central business district. It is situated between the suburbs of Mentone and Mordialloc, is located on the Frankston Metropolitan train line, its local government area is the City of Kingston. At the 2016 census, Parkdale had a population of 11,746. Parkdale was founded in 1920, named for early homesteader William Parker when engineers decided to build a railway station alongside a cluster of five bayside shops. Parkdale Post Office opened on 6 January 1921. Parkdale's local library, Kingston Library, is located on Parkers Road adjacent to Parkdale Station. Parkdale is a noted beach-side suburb; the beach is a 5-minute walk from the station. Parkdale Primary School Parkdale Secondary College Parktone Primary School St. John Vianney's Primary School In terms of State and Federal Government Parkdale is situated in the Electoral district of Mordialloc for state parliament and the Electoral district of Isaacs in the federal system.
Mark Dreyfus is the Labor member of the Australian House of Representatives for the seat of Isaacs, since the 2007 federal election. Parkdale is accessible by a number of Public Transport Victoria bus routes servicing the area; the 903 bus service from Mordialloc passes through Parkdale along Beach road. The 708 bus from Carrum to Hampton station stops at Parkdale railway station; this train line services the area via Parkdale Station, located on the Frankston Line, operating in Zone 2. 11,185 people live in Parkdale according to the 2011 Australian census with 75.58% listing themselves as being born in Australia. The majority of foreign born people living in Parkdale are from the UK with 6.04% listing themselves as UK born. Other countries of birth include New Zealand, Italy and India. By ancestry most people living in Parkdale are of English descent with 62.79% of respondents listing English ancestry in the 2011 Australia census. Other common ancestries listed include Irish, Italian, German and Chinese.
34.99% of respondents listed their ancestry as'Australian'. Rick Springfield - His mother still resides in Parkdale