Swinton railway station (South Yorkshire)
Swinton railway station is a railway station in Swinton, South Yorkshire, England. It has three platforms and a small bus station, lies at the junction of the former North Midland Railway main line between Rotherham Masborough and Leeds via Cudworth and the former South Yorkshire Railway line to Doncaster. There have been three stations on the North Midland Railway line at Swinton, the first of which, opened in 1840, built by the N. M. R. Occupied the site of the present station, goods facilities occupying; this was replaced by a second station north of the present site, on the opposite side of the road bridge, built by the Midland Railway. This station became known as Swinton Town to distinguish it from Swinton Central on the former Manchester and Lincolnshire Railway line, it was served by stopping trains from Sheffield Midland to Leeds City via Cudworth. The station closed in January 1968 with the rationalisation of local rail services in South Yorkshire; the original station buildings still are used for light industry.
By the late 1980s it was realised that South Yorkshire railways had been cut back too far in the 1960s. The South Yorkshire Passenger Transport Authority put forward a four-year plan for the improvement of services and stations as part of their Rail Development Plan, this leading to the re-instatement of the "Swinton Curve", from the former North Midland Railway at Swinton to the former South Yorkshire Railway at Mexborough West Junction, the building of a new station at Swinton and the re-routing of all passenger trains via this route. After reopening by British Rail in 1990 it was unstaffed, but increased passenger usage led to the establishment in the 1990s of a small cabin staffed for the morning peak period only; the cabin was replaced by a brick building for the ticket office, waiting room and toilet. It is an interchange for local bus services to Wath and Manvers; the ticket office is now manned on Mondays to Saturday between 07:00 and 13:30. Outside these hours, passengers must buy tickets in advance of their journey.
Shelters and passenger information screens are located on each platform, with a accessible footbridge linking the ticket hall with platforms 2 and 3. The station has a similar service level to neighbouring Rotherham Central, namely two trains per hour to Doncaster, one per hour to Leeds via Moorthorpe and three per hour to Sheffield; the twice-daily Dearne Valley local service to York calls. The station sits on the main North East - South West corridor which means various express services and freight trains pass through. Sundays have an hourly service to Doncaster, a two-hourly service to Leeds and one to two trains per hour to Sheffield. Services are formed of Arriva Northern Class 142 and Class 144'Pacer' DMU's. Upon the May 2018 timetable change, Swinton no longer has direct trains to Scunthorpe or Lincoln, the two Transpennine Express services that called here now pass through non-stop. Train times and station information for Swinton railway station from National Rail
Wath upon Dearne
Wath upon Dearne is a small town on the south side of the Dearne Valley in the historic county of the West Riding of Yorkshire and the Metropolitan Borough of Rotherham, South Yorkshire, lying 5 miles north of Rotherham midway between Barnsley and Doncaster. It had a population of 11,816 at the 2011 census, it is twinned in France. Wath can trace its existence back to Norman times. For hundreds of years it remained a quiet rural settlement astride the junction of the old Doncaster–Barnsley and Rotherham–Pontefract roads, the latter a branch of Ryknield Street. North of the town was the ford of the River Dearne by this road that gave the town its name: the origin of its name has been linked to the Latin vadum and the Old Norse vath; the town received its Royal Charter in 1312–13. Entitling it to hold a weekly Tuesday market and an annual two-day fair, but these were soon discontinued; the market was revived in 1814. Until the mid-19th century the town was home to a racecourse of regional importance, linked to the estate at nearby Wentworth.
There was a pottery at Newhill, close to deposits of clay, although this was overshadowed the nearby Rockingham Pottery in Swinton. Around the turn of the 19th century, the poet and newspaper editor James Montgomery, resident in Wath at that time, described it as "the Queen of villages"; this rural character was to change in the 19th and 20th centuries with the development of the deep mining industry. The town lies within the South Yorkshire Coalfield and high-quality bituminous coal was dug out of outcrops and near-surface seams in primitive bell pits for many hundreds of years. Several high-grade coal seams are close to the surface in this area of South Yorkshire, including the prolific Barnsley and Parkgate seams; the industrial revolution and consequent expansion in demand for coal led to rapid industrialisation of the area in the 19th and early 20th century. The population swelled and the local infrastructure was developed for the coal industry; the over-reliance of the local economy on this single industry stored up problems for the future.
The Dearne and Dove Canal, opened in stages from 1798 to 1804 to access the local collieries on the southern side of the Dearne Valley, passed through the town just to the north of the High Street on a large embankment, turned north into the valley. This wide section was known locally as the "Bay of Biscay"; the canal closed in 1961 after many years of disuse and poor repair. Much of the canal line in the town has since been used for new roads, one called Biscay Way. By the 20th century, heavy industry was evident in the area with many large, busy collieries operating. Wath Main and Manvers Main were the two associated with Wath. After the Second World War, the collieries clustered around Manvers were developed into a large colliery complex, including coal preparation, coal products and coking plant, which were not only visible, but detectable in the air for miles around. Rail took over from the canal as a means of transporting coal out of the area, Wath-upon-Dearne became a rail-freight centre of national importance.
Wath marshalling yard, built north of the town in 1907, was one of the biggest, for its time, most modern railway marshalling yards in the country. It was one of the eastern ends of the trans-Pennine Manchester–Sheffield–Wath electrified railway, a project which spanned the Second World War, was in part justified by the need to transport large amounts of coal mined in the Wath area to customers in North-West England. Wath once had three railway stations: Wath Central on Moor Road and Wath North both on Station Road, in order of distance from the town centre; this most distant station was the last to close under the Beeching Axe. The town no longer has a direct rail link, although there has been talk of opening a station on the Sheffield–Wakefield–Leeds line at Manvers a mile from the town centre; the local coal industry was in the forefront of the dramatic decline of the British coal mining industry, precipitated by a change in government economic policy in the early 1980s. This caused much local hardship.
The 1985 miners' strike was sparked by the impending closure of Cortonwood Colliery in Brampton Bierlow, a neighbouring village considered part of Wath. Along with the whole of the Dearne Valley, Wath was classified as an impoverished area and received much public money, including European funds; these were put into regenerating the area from the mid-1990s onwards causing a certain amount of economic revival, changing the character of the area to be more rural, as large areas of ex-industrial land to the north of the town, once used by collieries and marshalling yards, were turned back into scrubland and countryside, dotted with light industrial and commercial office parks. This regeneration of what was still classified as brownfield land has involved building it over with various industrial and commercial parks, large housing developments have been started. Wath upon Dearne is centred on Montgomery Square, where the town's main shops and bus station are located. To the west is the substantial Norman All Saints Church, on a small leafy green with the Town Hall, the Montgomery Hall and a campus of the Dearne Valley College.
There are several busy high-street pubs in the town centre, including a branch of Wetherspoons and Wath Tap, Rotherham's
Metropolitan Borough of Rotherham
The Metropolitan Borough of Rotherham is a metropolitan borough of South Yorkshire, England. It is named after its largest town, but spans the outlying towns of Maltby, Swinton, Wath-upon-Dearne, Dinnington and Laughton as well as a suburban and rural element composed of hills and broad valleys; the district was formed on 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, as a merger of the County Borough of Rotherham, with Maltby, Rawmarsh and Wath-upon-Dearne urban districts along with Rotherham Rural District and Kiveton Park Rural District. Rotherham Metropolitan Borough Council is one of the safest Labour councils in the United Kingdom, although the number of Labour council seats dropped from 92% to 79% in 2014 following the Rotherham child sexual exploitation scandal. Settlements in the borough of Rotherham include: Anston, Aughton Bramley, Brinsworth, Broom Canklow, Clifton Dinnington East Dene, East Herringthorpe, Eastwood Firbeck, Flanderwell Gildingwells, Greasbrough Harthill, Herringthorpe Kimberworth, Kimberworth Park, Kiveton Park Laughton-en-le-Morthen, Letwell Maltby, Masbrough, Morthen Parkgate Ravenfield, Ryecroft Swallownest, Sunnyside Templeborough, Thorpe Hesley, Thorpe Salvin, Thurcroft, Treeton Ulley Wales, Wath-upon-Dearne, Wellgate, West Melton, Wickersley, Woodsetts The Metropolitan Borough of Rotherham was founded in 1974, Labour have been in control of the council since the first election.
Rotherham - The Unofficial Website
Yorkshire and the Humber
Yorkshire and the Humber is one of nine official regions of England at the first level of NUTS for statistical purposes. It comprises most of Yorkshire, as well as North East Lincolnshire, it does not include Middlesbrough and Cleveland or other areas of Yorkshire, such as Sedbergh not included in the aforementioned administrative areas. The largest settlements are, Sheffield, Bradford and York; the population in 2011 was 5,284,000. The committees for the regions, including the one for Yorkshire and the Humber, ceased to exist upon the dissolution of Parliament on 12 April 2010. Regional ministers were not reappointed by the incoming Coalition Government, the Government Offices were abolished in 2011. Scammonden Dam, is the highest dam in UK at 73 metres, Dean Head cutting is the deepest roadway cutting in Europe at 183 ft, at Scammonden Bridge, on the M62. Sutton-under-Whitestonecliffe claims to be longest place name in England. In the Yorkshire and the Humber region, there is a close relationship between the major topographical areas and the underlying geology.
The Pennine chain of hills in the west is of Carboniferous origin. The central vale is Permo-Triassic; the North York Moors in the north-east of the county are Jurassic in age, while the Yorkshire Wolds and Lincolnshire Wolds to the south east are Cretaceous chalk uplands. The highest point of the region is Whernside, in the Yorkshire Dales, at 737 metres; the region is drained by several rivers. In western and central Yorkshire, the many rivers empty their waters into the River Ouse, which reaches the North Sea via the Humber Estuary; the most northerly of the rivers in the Ouse system is the River Swale, which drains Swaledale before passing through Richmond and meandering across the Vale of Mowbray. Next, draining Wensleydale, is the River Ure; the River Nidd rises on the edge of the Yorkshire Dales National Park and flows along Nidderdale before reaching the Vale of York. The Ouse is the name given to the river after its confluence with the Ure at Ouse Gill Beck; the River Wharfe, which drains Wharfedale, joins the Ouse upstream of Cawood.
The Rivers Aire and Calder are more southerly contributors to the River Ouse. The most southerly Yorkshire tributary is the River Don, which flows northwards to join the main river at Goole; the River Derwent rises on the North York Moors, flows south westwards through the Vale of Pickering turns south again to drain the eastern part of the Vale of York. It empties into the River Ouse at Barmby on the Marsh. In the far north of the county, the River Tees flows eastwards through Teesdale and empties its waters into the North Sea downstream of Middlesbrough; the smaller River Esk flows from west to east at the northern foot of the North York Moors to reach the sea at Whitby. To the east of the Yorkshire Wolds, the River Hull flows southwards to join the Humber Estuary at Kingston upon Hull; the western Pennines are served by the River Ribble, which drains westwards into the Irish Sea close to Lytham St Annes. The lower stretches of the River Trent flow through North Lincolnshire and meet the Ouse at Trent Falls.
The largest freshwater lake in the region is Hornsea Mere in the East Riding of Yorkshire. This region of England has cool summers and mild winters, with the upland areas of the North York Moors and the Pennines experiencing the coolest weather and the Vale of York the warmest. Weather conditions vary from day to day as well as from season to season; the latitude of the area means that it is influenced by predominantly westerly winds with depressions and their associated fronts, bringing with them unsettled and windy weather in winter. Between depressions, there are small mobile anticyclones that bring periods of fair weather. In winter anticyclones bring cold dry weather. In summer the anticyclones tend to bring settled conditions which can lead to drought. For its latitude, this area is mild in winter and cooler in summer due to the influence of the Gulf Stream in the northern Atlantic Ocean. Air temperature varies on a seasonal basis. Cities such as Sheffield and Bradford are cooler due to their inland and upland location, while York and Wakefield are warmer due to their lowland location.
The temperature is lower at night. Snow is not uncommon in the winter, Yorkshire is hilly/mountainous, the Yorkshire Dales and the Pennines can have extreme snowstorms with high snowdrifts. Inland/upland settlements, such as Skipton or Ilkley, have more snow than coastal towns. Hull and Scarborough have less snow. Climate data for settlements in the region: There are seven cities in Yorkshire and the Humber: Bradford, Kingston upon Hull, Ripon, Sheffield and York. Large towns in the area include Barnsley, Grimsby, Harrogate and Scunthorpe. Leeds is the largest settlement and the largest part of an urban area with a population of 1.5 million. Leeds is now one of the largest financial centres in the United Kingdom. Sheffield is a large manufacturing centre. Bradford was a textile manufacturing city; as jobs moved offshore the decline of this industry has resulted in a more diverse economy. Kingston upon Hull is the main port in the region and a notable fishing harbou