Farmer City, Illinois
Farmer City is a city in DeWitt County, United States. The population was 2,037 at the 2010 census. Farmer City is part of Blue Ridge Community Unit School District 18 sharing facilities with nearby Mansfield and Bellflower, Illinois. Farmer City facilities include the District Unit Office, the Ruth M. Schneider Elementary School and Blue Ridge High School. Blue Ridge received a bronze in the U. S. News and World Report Best High Schools list; the Kickapoo and Potawatomi Native American tribes lived on the prairie and woodlands around Salt Creek and other local streams. The westward push of traders and adventurers led to settlers around 1825. Dennis Hurley is believed to be the first white settler in the area. Founding families were the Kirbys, McCords, Watsons, Webb, Weedmans, Coveys and Huddlestons. Hurley's Grove was just south of present-day Farmer City, with increased population by 1837, becoming part of DeWitt County in 1839; the area to the south of Hurley's Grove solidified as a permanent settlement, within the wooded areas safety.
North of the primary area became known as Mt. Pleasant. Subdivision of the land divided the area with a central public square. Mail delivery was established in 1837, but with another Mt. Pleasant in the state, the name changed to Santa Anna. Dewitt County was part of the Eighth Judicial District in the early 1850s, lawyer Abraham Lincoln traveled in the area many times on his circuit. C. H. Moore House in nearby Clinton is the former residence of Lincoln's co-counsel in various cases; the settlement grew with the center of activity moving northward. The area became connected in 1870 by rail; the necessity of an official name arose in 1869, with Farmer City chosen after much discussion and debate. The business district was destroyed in 1879 by a major fire; the rebuilding process had to be rebooted. The early years of the next century saw. A newspaper, the Public Reaper, first printed on November 27, 1879. City fathers helped usher the area with utilities such as a water tower; the new business district was joined by schools and fine homes.
Interstate 74 was completed in the early 1970s. In 1980, an extensive study of the dialect of Farmer City was completed, making the city well known in the field of sociolinguistics. Farmer City is located at 40°14′47″N 88°38′31″W. According to the 2010 census, Farmer City has a total area of 2.449 square miles, of which 2.4 square miles is land and 0.049 square miles is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,055 people, 830 households, 557 families residing in the city; the population density was 892.8 people per square mile. There were 906 housing units at an average density of 393.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 99.56% White, 0.05% from other races, 0.39% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.39% of the population. There were 830 households out of which 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.8% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.8% were non-families. 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.94. In the city, the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, 19.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.0 males. The median income for a household in the city was $40,223, the median income for a family was $45,515. Males had a median income of $34,524 versus $22,438 for females; the per capita income for the city was $19,946. About 5.6% of families and 8.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.4% of those under age 18 and 3.3% of those age 65 or over. Interstate 74, paralleled by US 150, State Route 54 intersect near Farmer City, they are paralleled by routes of the Norfolk Southern Railway and Illinois Central Railroad, respectively. Farmer City is the home of an FM radio station broadcasting on a frequency of 98.3 mHz.
Its programming consists of classic rock, whose broadcasts can be heard online. Lott R. Herrick, Illinois Supreme Court justice, was born in Farmer City. Vespasian Warner, U. S. Representative 1895-1905, was born in Farmer City. Official site
Wapella is a village in DeWitt County, United States. The population was 558 at the 2010 census. Wapella was founded in 1854, it was laid out by the surveyor of much of the Illinois Central Railroad Line. The village population was 500 residents by the beginning of the Civil War, has grown to a little over 600 residents in the early twenty-first century; the Illinois Central Railroad located its rail shops in Wapella in its early days before shifting to Clinton, five miles south of Wapella. Clinton was the third largest rail switching center in the United States during the Civil War. A group of settlers from Kentucky was the first of European origin to call Wapella home. Abraham and Elizabeth Swearingen, grandparents of Al Swearengen settled in nearby Wapella Township, Daniel and Keziah Swearingen - Al's parents - met and married in nearby McLean, before moving to Mahaska County, Iowa where Al was born. Wapella boasts some of the most productive agriculture land in the country, is well known for its extensive drainage system maintaining a rich agricultural economy.
Production of seed corn, field corn, soybeans are large enterprises in Wapella and surrounding townships. Wapella supports both a Roman Catholic and a Christian church, each of which has undergone restoration since 2003. Wapella is located at 40°13′17″N 88°57′46″W. According to the 2010 census, Wapella has a total area of all land; as of the census of 2000, there were 651 people, 253 households, 184 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,193.6 people per square mile. There were 276 housing units at an average density of 506.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 99.23% White, 0.46% Native American, 0.15% from other races, 0.15% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.92% of the population. There were 253 households out of which 35.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.9% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.9% were non-families. 24.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.04. In the village, the population was spread out with 26.6% under the age of 18, 11.1% from 18 to 24, 31.3% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, 10.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 104.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.7 males. The median income for a household in the village was $38,000, the median income for a family was $44,063. Males had a median income of $34,844 versus $21,957 for females; the per capita income for the village was $17,395. About 5.5% of families and 8.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.8% of those under age 18 and 6.8% of those age 65 or over. Village of Wapella Wapella.com Homepage
DeWitt County, Illinois
DeWitt County is a county located in the U. S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,561, its county seat is Clinton. The county was formed on March 1839 from Macon and McLean counties; the county was named in honor of the seventh Governor of DeWitt Clinton. DeWitt County is included in Bloomington -- IL Metropolitan Statistical Area; the U. S. Census Bureau and the USGS list the county's name as De Witt, although the county uses the name DeWitt. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 405 square miles, of which 398 square miles is land and 7.6 square miles is water. In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Clinton have ranged from a low of 17 °F in January to a high of 88 °F in July, although a record low of −25 °F was recorded in February 1905 and a record high of 113 °F was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.95 inches in February to 4.54 inches in July. McLean County - north Piatt County - east Macon County - south Logan County - west Interstate 74 US Route 51 US Route 150 Illinois Route 10 Illinois Route 48 Illinois Route 54 As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 16,561 people, 6,811 households, 4,618 families residing in the county.
The population density was 41.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 7,521 housing units at an average density of 18.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 96.8% white, 0.5% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.9% from other races, 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.1% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 31.2% were American, 21.7% were German, 15.8% were English, 12.3% were Irish. Of the 6,811 households, 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.0% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.2% were non-families, 27.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.88. The median age was 41.7 years. The median income for a household in the county was $45,347 and the median income for a family was $56,806. Males had a median income of $41,649 versus $27,729 for females.
The per capita income for the county was $24,320. About 6.4% of families and 8.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.2% of those under age 18 and 6.6% of those age 65 or over. Clinton Farmer City DeWitt Kenney Wapella Waynesville Weldon De Witt County is divided into thirteen townships: DeWitt is a powerfully Republican county, it has not been carried by a Democratic presidential candidate since Lyndon Johnson’s 1964 landslide, before that it was carried by Democrats only in strong winning elections like 1936, 1932, 1916, 1912 and 1892. National Register of Historic Places listings in DeWitt County, Illinois United States Census Bureau 2007 TIGER/Line Shapefiles United States Board on Geographic Names United States National Atlas DeWitt County
U.S. Route 150
U. S. Route 150 is a 571-mile long northwest-southeast United States highway, signed as east–west, it runs from U. S. Route 6 outside of Moline, Illinois to U. S. Route 25 in Mount Vernon, Kentucky. In the state of Illinois, U. S. 150 runs from the Quad City International Airport at U. S. Route 6 southeast to near Vermilion. U. S. 150 in Illinois is 267.47 miles long. Between Moline and Danville, Route 150 parallels Interstate 74. In the state of Indiana, U. S. 150 runs south with U. S. Route 41 from Terre Haute, it is concurrent with its parent, U. S. Route 50 from Vincennes to Shoals, it runs east to New Albany before overlapping Interstate 64 into Kentucky. Between Vincennes and New Albany the road follows the original route of the Buffalo Trace. U. S. 150 runs concurrently with I-64 as it enters Kentucky from Indiana, crossing the Ohio River into Louisville on the Sherman Minton Bridge and exiting the I-64 freeway at North 22nd Street in the Portland neighborhood. From there, U. S. 150 runs south to West Broadway.
S. 150 follows Broadway across downtown to Baxter Avenue. Between West Main and West Broadway in Louisville, U. S. 150 is concurrent with U. S. Route 31W. S. Route 31E; the route along Baxter Avenue and Bardstown Road follows the former Louisville and Bardstown Turnpike through the Highlands district of Louisville and past the historic Farmington plantation at the interchange with the Watterson Expressway. U. S. routes 31E separate at Bardstown near the Martha Layne Collins Blue Grass Parkway. U. S. 150 continues southeast, around the city of Danville before terminating at Mount Vernon. U. S. Route 168 was created in 1926 from Louisville to Mount Vernon, overlapping US 68 between Bardstown and Perryville. In 1934, US 150 absorbed US 168. Illinois Route 39 ran from Bloomington to Champaign on the current routing of U. S. 150. U. S. Route 150 Business is a special U. S. Route in Springfield, Kentucky; the route runs through downtown Springfield. It intersects Kentucky state highways 152, 555, 528, 1584, 1404.
U. S. Route 150 Bypass is a special U. S. Route in Danville, Kentucky; the route bypasses Danville to the southwest. The route is overlapped by US 127 Byp. for the first half of its length. It intersects US 127, along with Kentucky state routes 34 and 37. U. S. Route 50 U. S. Route 250 U. S. Route 350 U. S. Route 450 U. S. Route 550 U. S. Route 650 Roads in Louisville, Kentucky Endpoints of US highway 150
Illinois is a state in the Midwestern and Great Lakes region of the United States. It has the fifth largest gross domestic product, the sixth largest population, the 25th largest land area of all U. S. states. Illinois is noted as a microcosm of the entire United States. With Chicago in northeastern Illinois, small industrial cities and immense agricultural productivity in the north and center of the state, natural resources such as coal and petroleum in the south, Illinois has a diverse economic base, is a major transportation hub. Chicagoland, Chicago's metropolitan area, encompasses over 65% of the state's population; the Port of Chicago connects the state to international ports via two main routes: from the Great Lakes, via the Saint Lawrence Seaway, to the Atlantic Ocean and from the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River, via the Illinois Waterway to the Illinois River. The Mississippi River, the Ohio River, the Wabash River form parts of the boundaries of Illinois. For decades, Chicago's O'Hare International Airport has been ranked as one of the world's busiest airports.
Illinois has long had a reputation as a bellwether both in social and cultural terms and, through the 1980s, in politics. The capital of Illinois is Springfield, located in the central part of the state. Although today's Illinois' largest population center is in its northeast, the state's European population grew first in the west as the French settled the vast Mississippi of the Illinois Country of New France. Following the American Revolutionary War, American settlers began arriving from Kentucky in the 1780s via the Ohio River, the population grew from south to north. In 1818, Illinois achieved statehood. Following increased commercial activity in the Great Lakes after the construction of the Erie Canal, Chicago was founded in the 1830s on the banks of the Chicago River at one of the few natural harbors on the southern section of Lake Michigan. John Deere's invention of the self-scouring steel plow turned Illinois's rich prairie into some of the world's most productive and valuable farmland, attracting immigrant farmers from Germany and Sweden.
The Illinois and Michigan Canal made transportation between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River valley faster and cheaper, new railroads carried immigrants to new homes in the country's west and shipped commodity crops to the nation's east. The state became a transportation hub for the nation. By 1900, the growth of industrial jobs in the northern cities and coal mining in the central and southern areas attracted immigrants from Eastern and Southern Europe. Illinois was an important manufacturing center during both world wars; the Great Migration from the South established a large community of African Americans in the state, including Chicago, who founded the city's famous jazz and blues cultures. Chicago, the center of the Chicago Metropolitan Area, is now recognized as a global alpha-level city. Three U. S. presidents have been elected while living in Illinois: Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant, Barack Obama. Additionally, Ronald Reagan, whose political career was based in California, was born and raised in the state.
Today, Illinois honors Lincoln with its official state slogan Land of Lincoln, displayed on its license plates since 1954. The state is the site of the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum in Springfield and the future home of the Barack Obama Presidential Center in Chicago. "Illinois" is the modern spelling for the early French Catholic missionaries and explorers' name for the Illinois Native Americans, a name, spelled in many different ways in the early records. American scholars thought the name "Illinois" meant "man" or "men" in the Miami-Illinois language, with the original iliniwek transformed via French into Illinois; this etymology is not supported by the Illinois language, as the word for "man" is ireniwa, plural of "man" is ireniwaki. The name Illiniwek has been said to mean "tribe of superior men", a false etymology; the name "Illinois" derives from the Miami-Illinois verb irenwe·wa - "he speaks the regular way". This was taken into the Ojibwe language in the Ottawa dialect, modified into ilinwe·.
The French borrowed these forms, changing the /we/ ending to spell it as -ois, a transliteration for its pronunciation in French of that time. The current spelling form, began to appear in the early 1670s, when French colonists had settled in the western area; the Illinois's name for themselves, as attested in all three of the French missionary-period dictionaries of Illinois, was Inoka, of unknown meaning and unrelated to the other terms. American Indians of successive cultures lived along the waterways of the Illinois area for thousands of years before the arrival of Europeans; the Koster Site demonstrates 7,000 years of continuous habitation. Cahokia, the largest regional chiefdom and urban center of the Pre-Columbian Mississippian culture, was located near present-day Collinsville, Illinois, they built an urban complex of more than 100 platform and burial mounds, a 50-acre plaza larger than 35 football fields, a woodhenge of sacred cedar, all in a planned design expressing the culture's cosmology.
Monks Mound, the center of the site, is the largest Pre-Columbian structure north of the Valley of Mexico. It is 100 feet high, 951 feet long, 836 feet wide, covers 13.8 acres. It contains about 814,000 cubic yards of earth, it was topped by a structure thought to have measured about 105 feet in length and 48 feet in width, covered an area 5,000 square feet, been as much as 50 feet high, making its peak 150 feet above the level of the pl
A civil township is a used unit of local government in the United States, subordinate to a county. The term town is used in New England, New York, Wisconsin to refer to the equivalent of the civil township in these states. Specific responsibilities and the degree of autonomy vary based on each state. Civil townships are distinct from survey townships, but in states that have both, the boundaries coincide and may geographically subdivide a county; the U. S. Census Bureau classifies civil townships as minor civil divisions. There are 20 states with civil townships. Township functions are overseen by a governing board and a clerk or trustee. Township officers include justice of the peace, road commissioner, assessor and surveyor. In the 20th century, many townships added a township administrator or supervisor to the officers as an executive for the board. In some cases, townships run local libraries, senior citizen services, youth services, disabled citizen services, emergency assistance, cemetery services.
In some states, a township and a municipality, coterminous with that township may wholly or consolidate their operations. Depending on the state, the township government has varying degrees of authority. In the Upper Midwestern states near the Great Lakes, civil townships, are but not always, overlaid on survey townships; the degree to which these townships are functioning governmental entities varies from state to state and in some cases within a state. For example, townships in the northern part of Illinois are active in providing public services — such as road maintenance, after-school care, senior services — whereas townships in southern Illinois delegate these services to the county. Most townships in Illinois provide services such as snow removal, senior transportation, emergency services to households residing in unincorporated parts of the county; the townships in Illinois each have a township board, whose board members were called township trustees, a single township supervisor. In contrast, civil townships in Indiana are operated in a consistent manner statewide and tend to be well organized, with each served by a single township trustee and a three-member board.
Civil townships in these states are not incorporated, nearby cities may annex land in adjoining townships with relative ease. In Michigan, general law townships are corporate entities, some can become reformulated as charter townships, a status intended to protect against annexation from nearby municipalities and which grants the township some home rule powers similar to cities. In Wisconsin, civil townships are known as "towns" rather than townships, but they function the same as in neighboring states. In Minnesota, state statute refers to such entities as towns yet requires them to have a name in the form "Name Township". In both documents and conversation, "town" and "township" are used interchangeably. Minnesota townships can be either Non-Urban or Urban, but this is not reflected in the township's name. In Ohio, a city or village is overlaid onto a township unless it withdraws by establishing a paper township. Where the paper township does not extend to the city limits, property owners pay taxes for both the township and municipality, though these overlaps are sometimes overlooked by mistake.
Ten other states allow townships and municipalities to overlap. In Kansas, some civil townships provide services such as road maintenance and fire protection services not provided by the county. In New England, the states are subdivided into towns, which are functioning municipal corporations that provide most local services. While counties exist in New England, for the most part they serve as dividing lines for state judicial systems. With the exception of a few remote areas of New Hampshire and Maine, every square foot of New England lies within the borders of an incorporated town. New England has cities, most of which are towns whose residents have voted to replace the town meeting form of government with a city form. In portions of New Hampshire and Maine, county subdivisions that are not incorporated are referred to as townships, or by other terms such as "gore", "grant", "location", "plantation", or "purchase". In New York, counties are further subdivided into towns and cities, the principal forms of local government.
Towns fulfill a function similar to those of townships in other states. As is the case in most of New England, every square foot of New York's territory is incorporated. New York towns contain one or more incorporated villages, village residents pay both town and village taxes. Towns include a number of unincorporated hamlets. A Pennsylvania township is a unit of local government, responsible for services such as police departments, local road and street maintenance, it acts the same as a borough. Townships were established based on convenient geographical boundaries and vary in size from six to fifty-two square miles. A New Jersey township is similar, in that it is a form of municipal government equal in status to a village, borough, or city, provides similar services to a Pennsylvania township. In the South, outside cities and towns there is no local government other than the county. North Carolina is no exception to that rule, but it does have townships as minor geographical subdivisions of counties, including
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c