Prospect State Scenic Viewpoint
Prospect State Scenic Viewpoint, is a state park south of the community of Prospect on Oregon Route 62 in Jackson County, in the U. S. state of Oregon. It was known as Mill Creek Falls Scenic Area, a private hiking area, developed by Willamette Industries along the Rogue River. Both Mill Creek Falls and Pearsony Falls are contained within the area, with Barr Creek Falls close by. A hydroelectric dam was built in the 1920s which drained the narrow valley containing the group of falls. A group of large boulders appeared; these have become a local attraction known as the Avenue of the Giant Boulders. The Mill Creek Falls is the centerpiece attraction within the Mill Creek Scenic Area. A trailhead developed by Boise Cascade ends on a fork that leads to the Avenue of Boulders to the left and Mill Creek Falls and Barr Creek Falls to the right; the waterfall totals 173 feet high on Mill Creek shortly before it meets the Rogue River, is one of the tallest cascades in Oregon. Mill Creek has low sinuosity, has a sloping terrain.
Yet, it flows through unstable banks. The Mill Creek Falls area has moderate to frequent fires from lightning, having been burned at least once in the past. For this reason it's common to see charred snags surrounding the waterfall area. Along the Mill Creek Falls trailhead is Barr Creek Falls, a three drop waterfall known as Bear Creek Falls, it totals 240 feet fall in three drops, the tallest and last drop is 150 feet. The name comes from the presence of a cattle bar next to the waterfall to prevent cattle from straying out of the boundaries of private ranches that neighbor the river. List of waterfalls in Oregon Rogue River National Forest, Mill Creek Timber Sales and Related Activities: Environmental Impact Statement. United States Forest Service. 2001. Plumb, Gregory. Waterfall Lover's Guide Pacific Northwest: Where to Find Hundreds of Spectacular Waterfalls in Washington and Idaho, 5th Edition. Mountaineers Books. ISBN 1594857547. "Prospect State Scenic Viewpoint". Oregon Parks and Recreation Department official site.
"Barr Creek Falls". Northwest Waterfall Survey
Latourell Falls is a waterfall along the Columbia River Gorge in the U. S. state of Oregon, within Guy W. Talbot State Park; the Historic Columbia River Highway passes nearby, at certain locations the Lower falls are visible from the road. Near the base of the falls, a parking lot and path were erected to assist visitors to the site. Visitors must hike along the 2.1-mile loop trail to see the upper falls. Latourell is unique among the best-known Columbia Gorge waterfalls, in the way that it drops straight down from an overhanging basalt cliff. Most of those falls tumble to some degree. Latourell Falls is an excellent example of columnar basalt formations. Latourell, Oregon Media related to Latourell Falls at Wikimedia Commons Photo of Latourell Creek Bridge on the Historic Columbia River Highway Photos of the falls from Flickr Latourell Falls at Northwest Waterfall Survey Latourell Creek Bridge on the Historic Columbia River Highway
Oregon is a state in the Pacific Northwest region on the West Coast of the United States. The Columbia River delineates much of Oregon's northern boundary with Washington, while the Snake River delineates much of its eastern boundary with Idaho; the parallel 42 ° north delineates the southern boundary with Nevada. Oregon is one of only four states of the continental United States to have a coastline on the Pacific Ocean. Oregon was inhabited by many indigenous tribes before Western traders and settlers arrived. An autonomous government was formed in the Oregon Country in 1843 before the Oregon Territory was created in 1848. Oregon became the 33rd state on February 14, 1859. Today, at 98,000 square miles, Oregon is the ninth largest and, with a population of 4 million, 27th most populous U. S. state. The capital, Salem, is the second most populous city in Oregon, with 169,798 residents. Portland, with 647,805, ranks as the 26th among U. S. cities. The Portland metropolitan area, which includes the city of Vancouver, Washington, to the north, ranks the 25th largest metro area in the nation, with a population of 2,453,168.
Oregon is one of the most geographically diverse states in the U. S. marked by volcanoes, abundant bodies of water, dense evergreen and mixed forests, as well as high deserts and semi-arid shrublands. At 11,249 feet, Mount Hood, a stratovolcano, is the state's highest point. Oregon's only national park, Crater Lake National Park, comprises the caldera surrounding Crater Lake, the deepest lake in the United States; the state is home to the single largest organism in the world, Armillaria ostoyae, a fungus that runs beneath 2,200 acres of the Malheur National Forest. Because of its diverse landscapes and waterways, Oregon's economy is powered by various forms of agriculture and hydroelectric power. Oregon is the top timber producer of the contiguous United States, the timber industry dominated the state's economy in the 20th century. Technology is another one of Oregon's major economic forces, beginning in the 1970s with the establishment of the Silicon Forest and the expansion of Tektronix and Intel.
Sportswear company Nike, Inc. headquartered in Beaverton, is the state's largest public corporation with an annual revenue of $30.6 billion. The earliest evidence of the name Oregon has Spanish origins; the term "orejón" comes from the historical chronicle Relación de la Alta y Baja California written by the new Spaniard Rodrigo Montezuma and made reference to the Columbia River when the Spanish explorers penetrated into the actual North American territory that became part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. This chronicle is the first topographical and linguistic source with respect to the place name Oregon. There are two other sources with Spanish origins, such as the name Oregano, which grows in the southern part of the region, it is most probable that the American territory was named by the Spaniards, as there are some populations in Spain such as "Arroyo del Oregón" considering that the individualization in Spanish language "El Orejón" with the mutation of the letter "g" instead of "j". Another early use of the name, spelled Ouragon, was in a 1765 petition by Major Robert Rogers to the Kingdom of Great Britain.
The term referred to the then-mythical River of the West. By 1778, the spelling had shifted to Oregon. In his 1765 petition, Rogers wrote: The rout...is from the Great Lakes towards the Head of the Mississippi, from thence to the River called by the Indians Ouragon... One theory is that the name comes from the French word ouragan, applied to the River of the West based on Native American tales of powerful Chinook winds on the lower Columbia River, or from firsthand French experience with the Chinook winds of the Great Plains. At the time, the River of the West was thought to rise in western Minnesota and flow west through the Great Plains. Joaquin Miller explained in Sunset magazine, in 1904, how Oregon's name was derived: The name, Oregon, is rounded down phonetically, from Ouve água—Oragua, Or-a-gon, Oregon—given by the same Portuguese navigator that named the Farallones after his first officer, it in a large way, means cascades:'Hear the waters.' You should steam up the Columbia and hear and feel the waters falling out of the clouds of Mount Hood to understand the full meaning of the name Ouve a água, Oregon.
Another account, endorsed as the "most plausible explanation" in the book Oregon Geographic Names, was advanced by George R. Stewart in a 1944 article in American Speech. According to Stewart, the name came from an engraver's error in a French map published in the early 18th century, on which the Ouisiconsink River was spelled "Ouaricon-sint", broken on two lines with the -sint below, so there appeared to be a river flowing to the west named "Ouaricon". According to the Oregon Tourism Commission, present-day Oregonians pronounce the state's name as "or-uh-gun, never or-ee-gone". After being drafted by the Detroit Lions in 2002, former Oregon Ducks quarterback Joey Harrington distributed "Orygun" stickers to members of the media as a reminder of how to pronounce the name of his home state; the stickers are sold by the University of Oregon Bookstore. Oregon is 295 miles north to south at longest distance, 395 miles east to west. With an area of 98,381 square miles, Oregon is larger than the United Kingdom.
It is the ninth largest state in the United States. Oregon's highest point is the summit of Mount Hood, at 11,249 feet, its lowest point is the sea level of the Pacific Ocean along the Oregon Coas
Silver Falls State Park
Silver Falls State Park is a state park in the U. S. state of Oregon, located near Silverton, about 20 miles east-southeast of Salem. It is the largest state park in Oregon with an area of more than 9,000 acres, it includes more than 24 miles of walking trails, 14 miles of horse trails, a 4-mile bike path, its 8.7-mile Canyon Trail/Trail of Ten Falls runs along the banks of Silver Creek and by ten waterfalls, from which the park received its name. Four of the ten falls have an amphitheater-like surrounding that allows the trail to pass behind the flow of the falls; the Silver Falls State Park Concession Building Area and the Silver Creek Youth Camp-Silver Falls State Park are separately listed on the U. S. National Register of Historic Places; the park's most visited waterfall is a 177-foot cascade. Remote Double Falls, however, is listed as the highest waterfall in the park, plunging 178 feet in a small tributary side canyon deep within the Silver Creek Canyon. Silver Falls City formed in 1888 and was a logging community with a few homesteaders, the area was extensively logged.
The small lumber town of Silver Falls City sat atop the South Falls, as the land was cleared, a local entrepreneur sold admission to the Falls area, with attractions such as pushing cars over the falls and hosting a stunt with a daredevil riding over in a canoe. By 1900 a Silverton photographer, June D. Drake, began to campaign for park status, using his photographs of the falls to gain support. In 1926, however, an inspector for the National Park Service rejected the area for park status because of a proliferation of unattractive stumps after years of logging. In 1935 President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced that the Silver Falls area would be turned into a Recreational Demonstration Area. Private land, logged was purchased, workers in the Civilian Conservation Corps were employed to develop park facilities, including the historic South Falls Lodge, completed in the late 1930s, it was used as a restaurant from 1946 until the late 1950s and was listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the Silver Falls State Park Concession Building Area in 1983.
The Silver Creek Youth Camp—Silver Falls State Park was added to the National Register at this time. In January 2008, during the 2008 supplemental legislative session, Fred Girod of the Oregon House of Representatives sought federal designation of the area as a national park via a house joint memorial to the United States Congress, but the bill died in committee; the history of the canyon's formation begins about 26 million years ago to the Oligocene period, when most of Oregon was covered by ocean. After the waters of the ocean receded about 15 million years ago, the flood basalt flows of the Columbia River Basalt Group covered the sandstone, the ocean floor; the softer layers of sandstone beneath the basalt sheet eroded over time, creating pathways behind some of the waterfalls that Civilian Conservation Corps workers widened to make safe for public use. Another geologic feature are many tree "chimneys" or casts, formed when hot lava engulfed living trees and disintegrated them. Within the park are many waterfalls, including ten along the Trail of Ten Falls and five more below the confluence of the North and South forks of Silver Creek.
The South Fork has an average flow rate of 75, the North Fork has an average flow rate of 100. The Trail of Ten Falls passes behind the falls of South Falls, Lower South Falls, Middle North Falls, North Falls. Volunteers inspired by the beauty and history of Silver Falls have been active there since establishment of the park in 1933. In 1986, the citizens and the park staff envisioned a mission and established the Friends of Silver Falls State Park, Inc; that mission is "to further the educational and interpretive opportunities available to park visitors. Since 1992, volunteers of the Friends of Silver Falls State Park have operated the Nature Store in historic South Falls Lodge; this store offers a variety of books and souvenirs in keeping with the park's nature theme. The organization has been responsible for much of the interpretive signage along the Trail of Ten Falls. Other goals of the Friends include compiling oral histories from those who have memories of the park region, keeping alive the history of Silver Falls City, recognizing the work of the Civilian Conservation Corps and the Works Progress Administration in the 1930s and 1940s, maintaining the park's historic district, continuing to place interpretive signs throughout the park's more than 9,000 acres.
The park has been used as a filming location in several movies. The 1981 horror film Just Before Dawn was shot on location in the park. "Silver Falls State Park". Oregon Parks and Recreation Department. Retrieved 2011-06-26. "Silver Falls State Park". Oregon Tourism Commission. Retrieved 2011-06-26. "Friends of Silver Falls State Park". Retrieved 2011-06-26
Celilo Falls was a tribal fishing area on the Columbia River, just east of the Cascade Mountains, on what is today the border between the U. S. states of Washington. The name refers to a series of cascades and waterfalls on the river, as well as to the native settlements and trading villages that existed there in various configurations for 15,000 years. Celilo was the oldest continuously inhabited community on the North American continent until 1957, when the falls and nearby settlements were submerged by the construction of The Dalles Dam; the main waterfall, known variously as Celilo Falls, The Chutes, Great Falls, or Columbia Falls, consisted of three sections: a cataract, called Horseshoe Falls or Tumwater Falls. These features were formed by the Columbia River's relentless push through basalt narrows on the final leg of its journey to the Pacific Ocean. More than a mile in width, the river was squeezed here into a width of only 140 feet; the seasonal flow of the Columbia changed the height of the falls over the course of a year.
At low water the drop was about 20 feet. In 1839, Modeste Demers investigated the area in some detail and described not just one fall but a great many, in different channels and with different qualities, he wrote, "The variety are surprising. They are not all deep; the falls are from 3 to 12 and 15 feet high." During the spring freshet in June and July, the falls could be submerged. The falls were among the largest in North America. Average annual flow was about 190,000 ft³/sec, during periods of high water or flood, as much as 1,240,000 ft³/sec passed over the falls. Celilo Falls itself was the first in a series of cascades and rapids known collectively as The Narrows or The Dalles, stretching for about 12 miles downstream. Over that length, the river dropped 82 feet at 63 feet at low water. Three miles below Celilo Falls was a stretch of rapids known variously as the Short Narrows, Ten Mile Rapids, the Little Dalles, or Les Petites Dalles; these rapids were 250 feet wide. Ten miles below Celilo Falls was another stretch of rapids, this one known as the Long Narrows, Five Mile Rapids, the Big Dalles, Les Grandes Dalles, or Grand Dalles.
This stretch of rapids was about 3 miles long, the river channel narrowed to 75 feet. Downstream were the Dalles Rapids, about 1.5 miles long. Here the river dropped 15 feet in a tumult much commented on by early explorers; the Long Narrows and the Dalles Rapids are sometimes grouped together under names such as Grand Dalles, Les Dalles, Big Dalles, or The Dalles. One early observer, Ross Cox, noted a three-mile "succession of boiling whirlpools." Explorer Charles Wilkes described it as "one of the most remarkable places upon the Columbia." He calculated. During the spring freshet, the river rose as much as 62 feet, radically altering the nature of the rapids. Fur trader Alexander Ross wrote, " rushes with great impetuosity. During floods, this obstruction, or ledge of rocks, is covered with water, yet the passage of the narrows is not thereby improved." For 15,000 years, native peoples gathered at Wyam to exchange goods. They built wooden platforms out over the water and caught salmon with dipnets and long spears on poles as the fish swam up through the rapids and jumped over the falls.
An estimated fifteen to twenty million salmon passed through the falls every year, making it one of the greatest fishing sites in North America. Celilo Falls and The Dalles were strategically located at the border between Chinookan and Sahaptian speaking peoples and served as the center of an extensive trading network across the Pacific Plateau. Artifacts from the original village site at Celilo suggest that trade goods came from as far away as the Great Plains, Southwestern United States, Alaska. There are numerous rock art drawings at the head of the falls; this demonstrates the site to not just be important for trading purposes. It acted as a melting pot for the cultures which traded there; when the Lewis and Clark expedition passed through the area in 1805, the explorers found a "great emporium...where all the neighboring nations assemble," and a population density unlike anything they had seen on their journey. Accordingly, historians have likened the Celilo area to the "Wall Street of the West."
The Wishram people lived on the north bank, while the Wasco lived on the south bank, with the most intense bargaining occurring at the Wishram village of Nix-luidix. Charles Wilkes reported finding three major native fishing sites on the lower Columbia — Celilo Falls, the Big Dalles, Cascades Rapids, with the Big Dalles being the largest. Alexander Ross described it as the "great rendezvous" of native traders, as "the great emporium or mart of the Columbia." Pinnipeds such as sea lions and seals followed salmon up the Columbia as far as Celilo Falls. In 1841 George Simpson wrote "these animals ascend the Columbia in great numbers in quest of the salmon; the seasonal changes in the Columbia's flow, high in summer and low in winter, affected Celilo Falls dramatically. Lewis and Clark reached Celilo Falls in the late autumn when the water was low, turning t
Coopey Falls is a waterfall on Coopey Creek in the Columbia River Gorge, on the Historic Columbia River Highway in Multnomah County, Oregon. The falls is a horsetail waterfall with a drop of 150 feet; the falls was named after Charles Coopey. Simon Benson bought Wahkeena Falls from Coopey, an English tailor who had wanted to use the water from Wahkeena Falls to power a woolen mill for spinning and weaving, for wool scouring. Coopey Falls is on private property behind a convent owned by the Franciscan Sisters of the Eucharist; the sisters invite visitors to view the falls by following a path leading from the parking lot in front of the convent, after first asking permission. A view of the falls is accessible from the Angels's Rest trailhead half mile west of the convent; the falls are located one mile east of Bridal Veil Falls
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