Southend, South Australia
Southend is a town and locality in the Australian state of South Australia located in the south-east of the state on the southern shore of Rivoli Bay about 324 kilometres south-east of the state capital of Adelaide. The site of the town was selected by George Grey, Governor of South Australia before his departure in late 1845 and was approved by his successor, Frederick Robe, on 19 March 1846 with the town being laid out by Thomas Burr, the Deputy Surveyor-General in 1846; the town was named Grey Town which changed to Grey in 1912 and to Southend on 21 October 1971. Boundaries for the locality were created on 23 February 1995 for the portion within the local government area of the District Council of Millicent within the portion within the District Council of Beachport being created on 18 December1997; the boundaries includes land extending from the coastline of the south-eastern end of Rivoli Bay in the west to the Southern Ports Highway in the north and to Lake Frome in the east including the government town of Southend and the former Southend Shack Site.
The Southend Caravan Park is in close proximity to the white beaches of Rivoli Bay. The Bluff, less than a five-minute drive from Southend, is a popular scenic destination for locals and tourists; the Rivoli Bay Sailing Club sails catamarans and monohulls, is located at the end of Leake Street. The club sails from October to April on weekends; the locality includes the following protected areas - Canunda National Park which occupies land in its south including the coastline up to Cape Buffon and Lake Frome Conservation Park which overlaps most of Lake Frome. The 2016 Australian census, conducted in August 2016 reports that the locality of Southend had a population of 263 people. Southend is located within the federal division of Barker, the state electoral district of MacKillop and the local government area of the Wattle Range Council
Kalangadoo, South Australia
Kalangadoo is a locality in the Australian state of South Australia located about 348 kilometres south-east of the state capital of Adelaide and about 31 kilometres north of the regional centre of Mount Gambier. It was proclaimed as Kalangadoo East in 1891, the name changed to Kalangadoo in 1940; the aboriginal word means "Big trees in water." The town grew around the Kalangadoo railway station on the Mount Gambier railway line between Naracoorte and Mount Gambier, opened in 1887 until it closed to freight on 12 April 1995 tourist trains 1 July 2006. Today the small business district includes a general store, a farm supply store, a pub, a timber mill; the disused railway station houses a small museum. At the 2006 census, Kalangadoo had a population of 305. Kalangadoo is the centre of a rich agricultural district that specialises in potatoes and timber, as well as apple orchards, beef cattle and dairy cattle; the village flourished after the narrow gauge railroad arrived in 1887. It languished after World War II as farmers used their cars to shop in Mount Gambier.
The railway closed to freight on 12 April 1995 Limestone Coast Railway tourist trains ended in June 2006. The Anglican Church of St Alban the Martyr is active, as are the Catholic church and the Presbyterian church; the Uniting Church opened in 1906 and closed in 2007, with its old buildings used for the weekly farmers' market. The public school established in 1892 reached a peak enrolment of 150 pupils in 1966, falling to 74 by 1991; the historic Kalangadoo House, off the Kalangadoo-Nangwarry Road, is located on the South Australian Heritage Register. Kalangadoo is located within the federal division of Barker, the state electoral district of MacKillop and the local government area of the District Council of Grant. Citations ReferencesChuck, Reg.
Tantanoola, South Australia
Tantanoola is a town in regional South Australia. The name is derived from the aboriginal word tentunola, which means boxwood / brushwood hill or camp. Tantanoola was named'Lucieton' by Governor Jervois after his daughter Lucy Caroline, on 10 July 1879, it was changed by Governor Robinson to'Tantanoola' on 4 October 1888. At the 2006 census, Tantanoola had a population of 255. Tantanoola is in the Wattle Range Council local government area, the South Australian House of Assembly electoral districts of MacKillop and Mount Gambier, the Australian House of Representatives Division of Barker; the township of Tantanoola is situated in the Hundred of Hindmarsh, 425 km south east of Adelaide, was once a portion of Mayurra Station. It was the second town of importance on the Mount Gambier to Rivoli Bay railway line, built in 1879, converted from narrow to broad gauge in 1957 and ceased operating to freight in April 1995 Limestone Coast Railway tourist passengers in July 2006; the historic Tantanoola railway station is listed on the South Australian Heritage Register.
Tantanoola is known for the Tantanoola Tiger, a phantom cat which stalked the area during the late nineteenth century. In August 1895 an animal was shot by one Thomas John Donovan, believed to have been the mysterious predator; the animal turned out to be more like a wolf than a cat. It was determined to be an Arabian wolf, although how it arrived in South Australia has been the subject of a number of theories, it is preserved and on display at the Tantanoola Hotel. Tantanoola Caves Conservation Park, featuring a spectacular dolomite cave is located nearby. Australian poet Max Harris wrote a poem titled "The Tantanoola Tiger", included in the collection The Angry Penguin: the Poetry of Max Harris, published by the National Library of Australia; the next station northwest along the railway line was Snuggery. Snuggery is not recognised as a separate town, but is part of Tantanoola towards Millicent; the area includes the Snuggery Power Station with three diesel-powered gas turbines, the Kimberly-Clark woodchip and paper pulp mill.
The pulp mill was commissioned in 1992 but ceased operations in 2011. It was demolished in November 2012. Gower Conservation Park
Coonawarra, South Australia
Coonawarra is a small town north of Penola in South Australia. It is best known for the Coonawarra wine region named after it. Coonawarra was a station on the Mount Gambier railway line. Which opened in 1887 until it closed to freight on 12 April 1995; the Limestone Coast Railway tourist trains stopped at the station from Mount Gambier until 20 March 1999. The township of Coonawarra is a few hundred metres west of the Riddoch Highway which passes along the ridge in the middle of the Coonawarra wine region; the historic Wynn's Coonawarra Winery in Memorial Drive is listed on the South Australian Heritage Register. In the 2016 Census, there were 137 people in Coonawarra. 84.9% of people were born in Australia and 89.9% of people spoke only English at home
Division of Barker
The Division of Barker is an Australian Electoral Division in the south-east of South Australia. The division was established on 2 October 1903, when South Australia's original single multi-member division was split into seven single-member divisions, it is named for an early explorer of the region at the mouth of the Murray River. The 63,886 km² seat stretches from Morgan in the north to Port MacDonnell in the south, taking in the Murray Mallee, the Riverland, the Murraylands and most of the Barossa Valley, includes the towns of Barmera, Bordertown, Keith, Kingston SE, Lucindale, Millicent, Mount Gambier, Murray Bridge, Penola, Robe, Tailem Bend and parts of Nuriootpa and Tanunda. Barker is the only one of South Australia's remaining original six divisions that has never been held by the Australian Labor Party and is traditionally the safest seat for the Liberal Party of Australia in the state, it has been in the hands of the Liberals and its predecessors for its entire existence, except for a six-year period when Country Party MP Archie Cameron held it.
The conservative parties have had a secure hold on the seat. This tradition has only been threatened three times. Labor came within 1.2 percent of winning the seat at the 1929 election, within 1.7 percent of winning the seat at the 1943 election. In the latter election, Barker was left as the only non-Labor seat in South Australia, indeed the only Coalition seat outside the eastern states, it would be seven decades before the conservatives' hold on Barker would be threatened again. Though it has always covered the state's entire south-east, Barker was a hybrid urban-rural seat that extended for some distance into the Adelaide area; until 1949, only three seats--Adelaide and Hindmarsh—were based on the capital. For most of the first half-century after Federation, Barker included Glenelg and the Holdfast Bay area, at times stretched as far as the western metropolitan suburbs of Keswick and Henley Beach. However, it became an rural seat after parliament was expanded in the redistribution prior to the 1949 election, making this strongly conservative seat more so.
Barker had always included Kangaroo Island and the connecting Fleurieu Peninsula until parliament was expanded in the redistribution prior to the 1984 election. Exchanged between Barker and Mayo since, Kangaroo Island and the Fleurieu Peninsula have been in Mayo since the redistribution prior to the 2004 election, where the massive redistribution of Wakefield, resulting from the abolition of Bonython, saw Barker absorb the Riverland from Wakefield; the seat's most prominent members have been Cameron, a former leader of the Country Party and Speaker of the House in the Menzies Government, Jim Forbes, a minister in the Menzies, Gorton and McMahon governments, Ian McLachlan, Minister for Defence from 1996 to 1998 in the Howard Government. South Australian Senator Nick Xenophon confirmed in December 2014 that by mid-2015 the Nick Xenophon Team would announce candidates in all states and territories at the 2016 election, with Xenophon citing the government's ambiguity on the Collins-class submarine replacement project as motivation.
ABC psephologist Antony Green's 2016 federal election guide for South Australia stated NXT had a "strong chance of winning lower house seats and three or four Senate seats". A ReachTEL seat-level opinion poll in the safe Liberal seat of Barker of 869 voters conducted by robocall on 20 June during the 2016 election campaign found NXT candidate James Stacey leading the Liberals' Tony Pasin 52–48 on the two-candidate preferred vote. Seat-level opinion polls in the other two rural Liberal South Australian seats revealed NXT leading in both Grey and Mayo. Election-night counting showed that Stacey was second to Pasin on first preferences, however the indicative two-candidate preferred count had been done between Pasin and Labor candidate Mat O'Brien, which meant there was no early indication of whether Stacey would receive enough preferences to beat Pasin before postal and provisional votes were counted and preferences distributed in the following two weeks, it was confirmed that Stacey had not only overtaken O'Brien on first preferences, but reduced Pasin's margin in Barker to 4.7 percent—thus making Barker a marginal seat for the first time since Cameron's near-defeat in the 1943 landslide.
However, Barker remains a comfortably safe Liberal seat in a "traditional" two-party matchup with Labor. Australian federal election, 2016 Results of the Australian federal election, 2016 ABC profile for Barker: 2016 Poll Bludger profile for Barker: 2016 AEC profile for Barker: 2016 SA boundary map, 2001: AEC SA boundary map, 1984: Atlas SA
Census in Australia
The census in Australia, or the Census of Population and Housing, collects key characteristic data on every person in Australia, the place they are staying in, on a particular night. The census is the largest statistical collection compiled by the Australian Bureau of Statistics and is held every five years. Participation in the census is compulsory; the Australian Bureau of Statistics is legislated to collect and disseminate census data under the Australian Bureau of Statistics Act 1975, the Census and Statistics Act 1905. The first Australian census was held in 1911, on the night of 2 April and subsequent censuses were held in 1921, 1933, 1947, 1954 and 1961. In 1961 the five-year period was introduced. Censuses are held on the second Tuesday of August; the most recent was held on 9 August 2016 at a cost of $440 million. The census counts all people who are located within Australia and its external and internal territories, with the exception of foreign diplomats and their families, on census night.
For the first time, in 2016 Norfolk Island was included in the Australian census rather than being conducted by the Norfolk Island Government. The census examines data such as age, incomes, dwelling types and occupancy, transportation modes, languages spoken, religion; the census is collected and published against geographic areas defined by the Australian Standard Geographical Classification. The ASGC provides a set of geographic classifications for the dissemination of all ABS statistics. In 2007 the ABS published; the primary aim of mesh blocks is to provide a building block for constructing alternative and more relevant geographies. Only data on total persons and total dwellings is released at the mesh block level. Mesh blocks will form the basis of a new statistical geography, the Australian Statistical Geography Standard; the traditional concept of a Collection District is that it was the area that one census collector can cover in about a ten-day period. In the 2001 census, collectors may be allocated more than one urban collection district because of their size.
In urban areas collection districts average about 220 dwellings. In rural areas the number of dwellings per collection district reduces as population densities decrease. For the 2016 census there were 358,122'mesh blocks' and 57,523 spatial Statistical Area Level 1 regions defined throughout Australia; the Census and Statistics Act 1905 and Privacy Act 1988 guarantee that no personally-identifiable information is released from the ABS to other government organisations, or the public. However the ABS makes confidential census data available to researchers, who must make various legal commitments before being given access. In the 1970s there was public debate about the census. In 1979 the Law Reform Commission reported on the Census. One of the key elements under question was the inclusion of names, it was found. On 18 December 2015, the ABS announced that it will retain name and address data collected in the 2016 census for up to four years; this was an increase from 18 months in the 2011 censuses.
From 1971 to 1996 the ABS had a policy of destruction of the original census forms and their electronic representations, as well as field records. Prior to that it appears there was no explicit policy of destruction, but most material had been destroyed because of lack of storage facilities; however the 2001 census offered, for the first time, an option to have personal data archived by the National Archives of Australia and released to the public 99 years and in 2001 54% of Australians agreed to do so. Indigenous Australians in contact with the colonists were enumerated at many of the colonial censuses; when the Federation of Australia occurred in 1901, the new Constitution contained a provision, which said: "In reckoning the numbers of the people of the Commonwealth, or of a State or other part of the Commonwealth, aboriginal natives shall not be counted." In 1967, a referendum was held which approved two amendments to the Australian constitution relating to indigenous Australians. The second of the two amendments deleted Section 127 from the Constitution.
It was believed at the time of the referendum, is still said, that Section 127 meant that aboriginal people were not counted in Commonwealth censuses before 1967. In fact section 127 related to calculating the population of the states and territories for the purpose of allocating seats in Parliament and per capita Commonwealth grants, its purpose was to prevent Queensland and Western Australia using their large aboriginal populations to gain extra seats or extra funds. Thus the Commonwealth Bureau of Census and Statistics interpreted Section 127 as meaning that they may enumerate "aboriginal natives" but that they must be excluded from published tabulations of population. Aboriginal people living in settled areas were counted to a greater or lesser extent in all censuses before 1967; the first Commonwealth Statistician, George Handley Knibbs, obtained a legal opinion that "persons of the half blood" or less are not "aboriginal natives" for the purposes of the Constitution. At the first Australian census in 1911 only those "aboriginal natives" living near white settlements were enumerated, the main population tables included only those of half or less aboriginal descent.
Details of "half-caste" (but not "ful
Naracoorte Lucindale Council
The Naracoorte Lucindale Council is a local government area in the Australian state of South Australia located in the Limestone Coast region in the south-east of the state adjacent to the Victorian border. It was created on 1 December 1998 following the amalgamation of the District Council of Naracoorte and the District Council of Lucindale; the districts economy is agricultural based, with cereal crops and beef predominantly farmed. It has a substantial tourist industry as well, with the Naracoorte Caves, Wonambi Fossil Centre and the seasonal Bool and Hacks Lagoons Wetlands being the main attractions; the council encompasses the major towns of Naracoorte and Lucindale, as well as the smaller towns and localities of Binnum, Coles, Fox, Hynam, Keppoch, Kybybolite, Laurie Park, Mount Light, Spence, Stewart Range, The Gap, Wild Dog Valley and Wrattonbully, parts of Avenue Range, Bool Lagoon and Clay Wells. The towns of Naracoorte and Lucindale collectively have all major facilities expected by visitors to the area, including supermarkets, speciality stores and accommodation in a range of forms.
The district has a number of education and health facilities, with Naracoorte having a high school and 3 primary schools, a hospital, the Naracoorte Swimming Lake and Lucindale a public library and Area School. The area has a number of sporting clubs. Naracoorte Lucindale Council has a directly-elected mayor. Council's Website LGA Site Naracoorte Tourism Site