Gauteng, which means "place of gold", is one of the nine provinces of South Africa. Situated in the Highveld, Gauteng is the smallest province in South Africa, accounting for only 1.5% of the land area. It is urbanised, containing the country's largest city, its administrative capital and other large areas such as Midrand and Vanderbijlpark; as of 2018, Gauteng is the most populous province in South Africa with a population of 14,700,000 people according to estimates. The name Gauteng is derived from gauta meaning "gold" with the locative suffix - eng. "Gauta" itself is derived from the Dutch word for gold, goud. There was a thriving gold industry in the province following the 1886 discovery of gold in Johannesburg. In Sesotho, the name Gauteng was used for Johannesburg and surrounding areas long before it was adopted in 1994 as the official name of a province. Gauteng was formed from part of the old Transvaal Province after South Africa's first multiracial elections on 27 April 1994, it was named Pretoria–Witwatersrand–Vereeniging and was renamed "Gauteng" in December 1994..
The term "PWV", describing the region existed long before the establishment of the province. The history of the area, now Gauteng can be traced back to the early 1800s when settlers originating from the Cape Colony defeated chief Mzilikazi and started establishing villages in the area; the city of Pretoria was founded in 1855 as capital of the South African Republic. After the discovery of gold in 1886, the region proceeded to become the single largest gold producer in the world and the city of Johannesburg was founded; the older city Pretoria was not subject to development. Pretoria grew at a slower rate and was regarded due to its role in the Second Boer War; the Cullinan Diamond, the largest diamond mined was mined near Pretoria in a nearby town called Cullinan in the year 1905. Gauteng has only been properly documented since the 1800s and as a result, not much information regarding its history predating the 1800s is available. At the Sterkfontein caves, some of the oldest fossils of hominids have been discovered, such as Mrs. Ples and Little Foot.
Many crucial events happened in present-day Gauteng with regards to the anti-apartheid struggle, such as the Sharpeville massacre of 1960, the Rivonia Trial in 1963 and 1964 and the Soweto Uprising of 1976. Today, the Apartheid Museum stands testament to these struggles in Johannesburg. Gauteng is governed by the Gauteng Provincial Legislature, a 73-person unicameral legislature elected by party-list proportional representation; the legislature elects one of its members as Premier of Gauteng to lead the executive, the Premier appoints an Executive Council of up to 10 members of the legislature to serve as heads of the various government departments. The provincial government is responsible for the topics allocated to it in the national constitution, including such fields as basic education, housing, social services and environmental protection; the most recent election of the provincial legislature was held on 7 May 2014, the African National Congress won 53.59% of the vote and a 40-seat majority in the legislature.
The official opposition is the Democratic Alliance, which won 30.78 % of 23 seats. Other parties represented are the Economic Freedom Fighters with eight seats and the Freedom Front Plus and the Inkatha Freedom Party with one seat each. Premier David Makhura of the ANC was elected on 21 May 2014, at the first meeting of the legislature after the general election; the Gauteng Division of the High Court of South Africa, which has seats in Pretoria and Johannesburg, is a superior court with general jurisdiction over the province. Johannesburg is home to the Constitutional Court, South Africa's highest court, to a branch of the Labour Court and Labour Appeal Court. Gauteng's southern border is the Vaal River, it borders on North West to the west, Limpopo to the north, Mpumalanga to the east. Gauteng is the only landlocked province of South Africa without a foreign border. Most of Gauteng is on a high-altitude grassland. Between Johannesburg and Pretoria there are low parallel ridges and undulating hills, some part of the Magaliesberg Mountains and the Witwatersrand.
The north of the province is more subtropical, due to its lower altitude and is dry savanna habitat. In the southern half of Gauteng the Witwatersrand area is an old term describing a 120km wide oblong-shaped conurbation from Randfontein in the West to Nigel, Gauteng in the East; this area is often referred to as "Witwatersrand", "the Rand" or "the Reef". It has traditionally been divided into the three areas of Central Rand and West Rand; the climate is influenced by altitude. Though the province is at a subtropical latitude, the climate is comparatively cooler in Johannesburg, at 1,700 m above sea level. Most precipitation occurs as brief afternoon thunderstorms. Winters are crisp and dry with frost occurring in the southern areas. Snow is rare; the Gauteng Province is divided into three metropolitan municipalities and two district municipalities. The district municipalities are
Tsakane Mashona is a township located in Ekurhuleni, South Africa. It was established during the early 1960s due to Apartheid's segregationist policies and was formally founded as a designated area. Tsakane is a Tsonga word which means happiness. During the 2011 Census the population of Tsakane consisted of Black Africans, Whites, Indian/Asians - 135,994 in total; the languages that are spoken are as follows: IsiZulu, Xhosa, Xitsonga and English. Tsakane is divided into different extensions: 1, 11, 12, 13, 15, 16, 17, 19, 5, 8, 9; some of the Public schools in the area are Mamellong Comprehensive school & J. E Malepe Secondary school. Tsakane has one public hospital called Pholosong; the hospital serves a population of 900,000 people from KwaThema and Duduza. There is one public clinic and other smaller surgeries and clinics in the township that take care of the health of the people around the township of Tsakane. Clinics help patients with health issues such as high blood pressure, cancer, HIV/AIDS blood tests and treatment, etc.
Economic development in Tsakane is centred in the area around the mall which accommodates the police station, the Magistrates court, the stadium and the Municipal offices. There are 4 Shoprite stores in Tsakane and the malls and shopping complexes are forever busy throughout the week around the end of the month. There is a range of housing in Tsakane. Residences range from middle class houses normal houses to RDP houses. Tsakane has two shopping centers, Tsakane Corner and The Square, other smaller shopping centers which are located in different sections of the township: Duduza Rank, Extension 11 and Extension 19. Tsakane mall is not big but has many stores and banks. Two well known supermarkets in the mall that most people buy food from are Spar. Shoprite is found in the other two shopping centers: Extension 11 and Extension 19 shopping centers. There are fast-food restaurants and other places that people go to on special occasions, such as on public holidays. Tsakane boasts an active night life with bars such as: Chillas, Dinangwe, A2A and Welcome's place.
The people of Tsakane like to eat out and support their local township food businesses which sell bunny chow or "kota" as it is referred to. Tsakane has Tsakane Stadium; the stadium is not large enough to host matches between big soccer teams like Orlando Pirates and Kaizer Chiefs. Although the stadium has hosted some matches between the reserve teams of these big cubs in a tournament called the Diski Challenge. In addition to soccer games, the stadium is often used for local activities such as government functions, school sports days, music festivals and religious gatherings. There are several Secondary Schools in Tsakane. Primary schools in Tsakane start from Grade 1-7 whereas the secondary schools start from Grade 8 to 12 except for African School for Excellence, the only secondary school that starts from grade 7 in the area as well as being the only Cambridge School in that area. Michael Mkwanazi Primary School The African School for Excellence is the only private school located in Tsakane.
The ASE model was designed to address the needs and challenges of township secondary school scholars. The main difference between it and government public schools in Tsakane is that ASE uses the Cambridge curriculum. Tsakane has one community radio station called EK FM 103.6. The radio station serves as a community development and communication media for Tsakane, Kwathema and Daveyton communities. Tsakane has a local newspaper: The African Reporter; the African Reporter is a weekly newspaper distributed on Fridays across the East Rand with an estimated circulation of 22,000 newspapers. Tsakane has a local magazine
Coloureds are a multiracial ethnic group native to Southern Africa who have ancestry from more than one of the various populations inhabiting the region, including Khoisan, Afrikaner, Austronesian, East Asian or South Asian. Because of the combination of ethnicities, different families and individuals within a family may have a variety of different physical features. In the Western Cape, a distinctive Cape Coloured and affiliated Cape Malay culture developed. In other parts of Southern Africa, people classified as Coloured were the descendants of individuals from two distinct ethnicities. Genetic studies suggest. Mitochondrial DNA studies have demonstrated that the maternal lines of the Coloured population are descended from African Khoisan women; this ethnicity shows a gender-biased admixture. Male lines have been African, Asian Indian, Southeast Asian. Coloureds are to be found in the western part of South Africa. In Cape Town, they form 45.4% of the total population, according to the South African National Census of 2011.
The apartheid-era Population Registration Act, 1950, subsequent amendments, codified the Coloured identity, defined its subgroups. Indian South Africans were classified under the act as a subgroup of Coloured; the Coloured community is predominantly descended from numerous interracial sexual unions between Western European men and Khoisan or mixed-race women in the Cape Colony from the 17th century onwards. In KwaZulu-Natal, the Coloured possess a diverse heritage including British, German, Saint Helenian, Indian and Zulu. Zimbabwean Coloured are descended from Shona or Ndebele and Afrikaner settlers, as well as Arab and Asian people. Griqua, on the other hand, are descendants of Afrikaner Trekboers. Despite these major differences, as both groups have ancestry from more than one naturalised racial group, they are classified as coloured in the South African context; such mixed-race people did not self-identify this way. The Griqua were subjected to an ambiguity of other creole people within Southern African social order.
According to Nurse and Jenkins, the leader of this “mixed” group, Adam Kok I, was a former slave of the Dutch governor, manumitted and provided land outside Cape Town in the eighteenth century. With territories beyond the Dutch East India Company’s administration, Kok provided refuge to deserting soldiers, runaway slaves, remaining members of various Khoikhoi tribes. In South Africa and neighbouring countries, the white minority governments segregated Africans from Europeans after settlement had progressed, they classified all such mixed race people together in one class, despite their numerous ethnic and national differences in ancestry. The imperial and apartheid governments categorized them as Coloured. In addition, other distinctly homogeneous ethnic groups traditionally viewed the mixed-race populations as a separate group. During the apartheid era in South Africa of the second half of the 20th century, the government used the term "Coloured" to describe one of the four main racial groups it defined by law.
This was an effort to maintain racial divisions. Individuals were classified as white South Africans, black South Africans and Indians. Coloured people may have ethnic ancestry from Indonesia, mixed-race, Khoisan ancestry; the Apartheid government treated them as one people, despite their differences.'Cape Muslims' were classified as'coloured.' They have Indonesian and black ancestry, as many Indonesian slaves had children with African partners. Many Griqua began to self-identify as Coloureds during the apartheid era, because of the benefits of such classification. For example, Coloureds did not have to carry a dompas, while the Griqua, who were seen as an indigenous African group, did. In the 21st century, Coloured people constitute a plurality of the population in the provinces of Western Cape, a large minority in the Northern Cape, both areas of centuries of mixing among the populations. In the Eastern Cape, they make up 8.3% of the population. Most speak Afrikaans, as they were descendants of Dutch and Afrikaner men and grew up in their society.
About twenty percent of the Coloured speak English as their mother tongue those of the Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal. All Cape Town Coloured are bilingual; some can comfortably codeswitch between Kaapse taal and suiwer Afrikaans, South African English. At least one genetic study indicates that Cape Coloureds have ancestries from the following ethnic groups. Indigenous Khoisan: Bantu peoples, chiefly from Southern Africa: Peoples from Western Europe, chiefly the Low Countries: Peoples from South and Southeast Asia: The Malagasy component in the Coloured composite gene pool is itself a blend of Malay and Bantu genetic markers; this genetic admixture appears to be gender-biased. A majority of maternal genetic material is Khoisan; the Coloured population is descended predominantly from unions of European and European-African males with autochthonous Khoisan females. Colou
Elsburg is a town in Ekurhuleni in the Gauteng province of South Africa. It is a town some 6 km south-east of Germiston. Laid out on the farm Klippoortjie in 1887 and proclaimed a town in 1908, it was named after the owner, F C Els, it was administered by a health committee from 1908 and by a village council from 1938. Municipal status was achieved in October 1957, it became the capital of the goldfields instead of Johannesburg
Alberton is a city situated on the southern part of the East Rand of the Gauteng Province in South Africa. It was incorporated into the Ekurhuleni metropolitan municipality in the year 2000 and celebrated its centenary year in 2005. According to the 2011 census conducted by Statistics South Africa, it has a population of 121,536. Alberton is described as a typical bedroom community, one, residential in character, with most of its workers commuting to work in nearby suburbs or cities; the town has multiple access roads to all major freeways in Gauteng and is situated on the banks of the Natal Spruit close to the major urban centres of Johannesburg, which lies 15 km to the northwest - and Pretoria -, 76 km to the north. Alberton has an elevation of 1,570 m above sea level. In the early 1840's, the Voortrekkers Johan Georg Meyer and Hester Catharina Elizabeth arrived in the Transvaal after moving from their home in Prince Albert, in what was the Cape Colony. Org sourced land and selected three farms, namely Klipriviersberg and Swartkoppies.
In 1856, Johannes Petrus Meyer acquired 11 hectares of his father's Elandsfontein farm and built a house next to the Natalspruit, close to where the civic centre stands today. In 1890, he built a new farmhouse mansion on the opposite end of the farm, miraculously left unharmed during the Anglo Boer War of 1899–1902; the homestead can still be seen today from the bypassing N12 freeway. Jan's brother Johan Georg Meyer, took over the farm after Jan's death. General Hendrik Abraham Alberts, a veteran of the Anglo Boer War, purchased a part of the farm from Org in 1904 and named it Alberton; the Afrikaans medium primary school Jan Meyer was named for the original owner of the farm, the affluent suburb Meyersdal refers to the family whose original farmhouse mansion still stands on the land behind the Meyersdal koppie. The primary school Generaal Alberts, Hennie Alberts Avenue in the suburb of Brackenhurst, are named after the town founder; the first official post office was opened in 1926, in 1938 building work started on a town hall.
In the same year, street names in the Alberton North suburb were renamed after Voortrekker leaders to coincide with the 100 year commemoration of the Great Trek. A well-known landmark of the city, The Blue Mill, was established in 1943 in Pieter Uys Avenue, Alberton North, is still trading today as a general store specializing in sporting goods; the town's initial centre of development was in the area now known as Alberton North or ‘Old’ Alberton. The original black settlement in Alberton was in the area of the Alberton Dam. During the apartheid era, inhabitants were moved to the surrounding black townships and a'white' suburb was established around the dam and named Verwoerdpark, after former prime minister Hendrik Verwoerd. Over the years, development sprawled out into adjacent areas, today Alberton is made up of 19 suburbs stretching over an area of 77km2. Alrode, Alberton's industrial suburb, was established in 1943. One of the most notable industries to be established in the town during this time was CJ Fuchs Ltd.
Venturing into the production of domestic electrical appliances under licence from the American company Westing House Electric International, the business was relocated from central Johnnesburg to a newly-built, modern factory in Alrode in 1948. Until the mid-seventies, CJ Fuchs Ltd would continue to grow into a multi-million Rand operation, employing thousands of people in several subsidiary companies within the group. After Carl Fuchs' death in April 1976, the company was sold to the Barlow Rand. In 1973, he was the first to be admitted as a Freeman of the Town of Alberton; the construction of the Alberton Boulevard was a major development started in the late 1980s with the aim of converting a section of Voortrekker Road that runs past the Alberton City Shopping Mall into a pedestrian-friendly zone. There are many well-established sports facilities and clubs for tennis, road running, wrestling, jukskei, hockey, bowls and ring tennis in Alberton, it is home to the Reading Country Club and Golf Course.
Alberton was home to the now defunct New Market Race Course, now a shopping mall. Alberton borders on the Klipriviersberg Nature Reserve, located on Peggy Vera Road, Kibler Park, Gauteng; this reserve is home to many wild animals, including zebra, red hartebeest, black wildebeest, blesbok, duiker and 170 bird species. There are Iron Age settlements dating from about 1500 and the ruins of a house built in 1850 by voortrekker Sarel Marais. Healthcare facilities include numerous government clinics as well the run Union Hospital and Clinton Clinic. Japie Mulder Arnold Vosloo Carl Niehaus Andrew Hall André Pretorius Bernadette Coston Malcolm Marx Ruan Combrinck Gert van der Merwe Alberton web site Alberton Blogging and Community web site Alberton Online Community Forum and Business Directory
1955 in South Africa
The following lists events that happened during 1955 in South Africa. Monarch: Queen Elizabeth II. Governor-General and High Commissioner for Southern Africa: Ernest George Jansen. Prime Minister: Johannes Gerhardus Strijdom. Chief Justice: Albert van der Sandt Centlivres. JanuaryMimi Coertse makes her debut as the First Flower girl in Parsifal at the Teatro San Carlo in Naples, with Karl Böhm conducting. March4-5 – The Inaugural Conference of the South African Congress of Trade Unions is held at the Trades Hall in Johannesburg. 23 – The Meadowridge garden city opens near Cape Town. 25 – The Appeal Court bench increases from six to eleven members. April22 – The National Tea and Coffee Company is founded. May19 – The Black Sash, a non-violent white women's resistance organization, is founded by Jean Sinclair, Ruth Folley, Elizabeth McLaren, Tertia Pybus, Jean Bosazza and Helen Newton-Thompson. June20 – The Senate is enlarged from 48 to 89 members, giving the National Party a majority of 77. 25 -- The Congress of the People, a multi-racial convention, starts in Soweto.
30 – The United Kingdom and South Africa sign the Simonstown Agreement for bilateral naval defence. August30 – Rondalia is founded. December1 – The Voortrekker Covenant celebrations are held in Pietermaritzburg. 17-18 – The African National Congress' 44th Annual Conference is held in Bloemfontein. 18 – Lillian Masediba Ngoyi becomes a member of the Transvaal African National Congress' executive. 8 April – Gerrie Coetzee, 1983-1984 World Boxing Association heavyweight champion. 23 September – Lulama Xingwana, politician. 25 October – Glynis Barber, South African-born British actress. 3 November – Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, politician. 8 December – Ian Greig, South African-born English cricketer. 13 March – Benjamin Jennings Caddy, militant trade unionist. The South African Railways places the first of sixty Class 5E, Series 1 electric locomotives in mainline service. Designed by English Electric and built by Vulcan Foundry, it is the prototype of what would become the most prolific locomotive type to run on South African rails.
The South Africa national football team tours Australia and plays five games against the Australia national association football team. 3 September – South Africa wins 3-0 at the Brisbane Cricket Grounds, Australia. 10 September – South Africa wins 2-0 at the Olympic Park, Australia. 18 September – South Africa wins 8-0 at the Kensington Oval, Australia. 24 September – South Africa wins 6-0 at the Sydney Cricket Ground, Australia. 1 October – South Africa wins 4-1 at the Newcastle's Sports Grounds, Australia
Primrose, South Africa
Primrose is a suburb of Germiston in Ekurhuleni South Africa