Waxworks is a 1924 German silent fantasy-horror film directed by Paul Leni. The film is about a writer who accepts a job from a waxworks proprietor to write a series of stories about the exhibits of Caliph of Baghdad, Ivan the Terrible and Jack the Ripper in order to boost business. Although Waxworks is credited as a horror film, it is an anthology film that goes through several genres including a fantasy adventure, a historical film, a horror film through its various episodes, its format may have influenced other horror anthologies such as the British Dead of Night and the Italian Black Sabbath by Mario Bava. Critic Troy Howarth mentions "Of all the horror anthologies, it seems to have had the most direct effect on Amicus' Torture Garden, which reused the waxworks motif"; the film was known as Three Wax Men. The 1924 silent film inspired a 1988 "remake" of sorts, but "any similarity between the two ends there."This film would be director Paul Leni's last film made in Germany before he went on to make The Cat and the Canary in the United States.
Leni died of blood poisoning on September 2nd 1929 at age 44. Some references list German screenwriter/producer Leo Birinski as a co-director, co-producer and editor of the film. A young nameless poet enters a wax museum where the proprietor works in the company of his daughter Eva; the proprietor hires the poet to write a back-story for his wax models of Harun al-Rashid, Ivan the Terrible, Jack the Ripper in order to draw an audience to the museum. With his daughter by his side, the poet notices that the arm of Harun al-Rashid is missing and writes a story incorporating the missing arm; the poet sees himself in his story as a pie baker, where he lives with his wife Maimune directly by the walls of the palace where Harun Al-Rashid lives. Smoke from Assad's bakery covers the front of the palace, where Al-Rashid loses a game of chess, leading him to want the head of the baker, he sends his Grand Vizier to find the man, but in doing so, he finds Assad's wife with whom he is enchanted. After being captivated by her beauty and captivating her with his status among the royals, he returns to tell Al-Rashid that he does not have the baker's head but rather something better - news about the baker's wife.
Al-Rashid resolves to go out that night and visit the beauty. When he steals away from his castle, the ruler witnesses an argument between the jealous Assad and Maimune, who both seem dissatisfied with their poverty-laden life. Assad says he will rob Al-Rashid's wishing ring to solve their problems. While Al-Rashid visits the bakery that night, Assad slips into the palace to steal the wishing ring from the finger of Al-Rashid by slicing his arm off, he is chased to the rooftops where he escapes. Meanwhile, unbeknownst to him, the real Al-Rashid is in Assad's house trying to impress his wife; the returning Assad penetrates the locked house by force, while Maimune hides Al-Rashid in the baking-oven. The guards rush in to arrest Assad for the attack at the palace, but Assad's wife uses the wishing ring to wish that Al-Rashid spring forth unharmed, as he secretly comes out of the oven, she wishes that Assad be named the official baker for Al-Rashid. Her wish is granted and the couple come under the caliph's protection.
The second episode, treated in a slower and more somber vein, deals with the Czar of Russia, Ivan the Terrible, whom the poet describes as making'cities into cemeteries'. The czar takes physical delight after poisoning them. Ivan's "Poison-Mixer" writes the name of the victim on an hour glass, once they are poisoned, the glass is turned over, the man dying just as the last sand falls; the Poison-Mixer, who has taken pity on one of the victims, is singled out by Ivan as the next to be poisoned. But, the Poison-Mixer writes "ZAR IWAN" on the next hourglass. Ivan is supposed to attend the wedding of a nobleman's son. There, the nobleman is killed with an arrow, his daughter and her bridegroom are in shock as Ivan takes over their festivities absconding with her and holding the groom in his torture chamber. On the wedding night, Ivan hears that he has been poisoned, races to the torture chamber to reverse his fate by turning the hour-glass over. After the poet finishes the last two stories, he wakes up to find that the wax model of Jack the Ripper has come to life, but it is recognized instead to be Spring-heeled Jack.
Spring-Heeled Jack stalks the waxworks owner's daughter. The Poet and the girl flee but find that they can't escape Spring-Heeled Jack through the dark, twisted halls of the museum; as Jack draws close enough, multiple versions of him appear, as his knife begins to slash, it provokes the poet to wake up to realize that the last experience was a dream. Emil Jannings as Harun al-Rashid: Jannings plays the role of the pot-bellied Caliph Harun al-Rashid in the Arabian Nights tale. Jannings' take on the character of the lecherous, child-like caliph is a rare comedy role for the actor, who starred in more dramatic roles. Conrad Veidt as Ivan the Terrible: Veidt plays the role of the Russian czar Ivan the Terrible. Russian director Sergei Eisenstein would use Veidt's mo
Andrew John Glyn was an English economist, University Lecturer in Economics at the University of Oxford and Fellow and Tutor in Economics in Corpus Christi College. A Marxian economist, his research interests focused on issues of unemployment and inequality, he was Associate Editor of Oxford Review of Economic Policy. He was a consultant for the National Union of Mineworkers and for the International Labour Organisation. Glyn was born in Oxfordshire, he was the son of the 6th Baron Wolverton, of the Williams & Glyn's Bank banking dynasty. He attended Eton and went on to study economics at Oxford University before becoming a government economist from 1964 to 1966, he was appointed to a fellowship in economics at Corpus Christi where he worked for the rest on his life. During his time at Oxford he tutored both David and Ed Miliband: Ed Miliband's adviser Stewart Wood has described Glyn as Miliband's biggest intellectual influence. On 22 December 2007, he died of a brain cancer at the Sobell House hospice in Oxford.
In the 1970s and early 1980s Glyn was a member of the Trotskyist Militant tendency in Oxford, writing a pamphlet critiquing the'Alternative Economic Strategy' of the Tribune group of MPs, Capitalist Crisis or Socialist Plan in 1978. In 1984 Glyn wrote The Economic Case Against Pit Closures for the National Union of Mineworkers to counter the energy policy of the Thatcher government. Capitalism Unleashed. Oxford University Press, 2006. Social democracy in neoliberal times: the left and economic policy since 1980. Oxford University Press, 2001. Colliery closures and the decline of the UK coal industry, with Stephen Machin. Oxford: Institute of Economics and Statistics, University of Oxford, 1996; the North, the South, the environment: ecological constraints and the global economy, with V. Bhaskar. St. Martin's Press, 1995. A Million Jobs a Year. Verso, 1985. Capitalism Since World War II: The Making and Breakup of the Great Boom, with Philip Armstrong and John Harrison. Fontana, 1984. 2nd edition as Capitalism Since 1945, Blackwells 1991.
Translated into Chinese and Korean. The British Economic Disaster, with John Harrison. Pluto, 1980. British Capitalism and the Profit Squeeze, with Bob Sutcliffe. Penguin, 1972. Capitalism in crisis, with Robert B Sutcliffe. Pantheon Books, 1972. British capitalism and the profits squeeze with Robert B Sutcliffe. Penguin, 1972, he published many book chapters and a number of essays. He additionally wrote a number of magazine articles and newspaper columns, including those in The Guardian, Financial Times, New Statesman, The New York Times. Obituary in The Times, 8 January 2008 Obituary in The Guardian, 1 January 2008 Faculty web page Appreciation essay in Renewal: a journal of social democracy, autumn 2008 Obituary in Socialism Today, issue 115, February 2008 Andrew Glyn writings archive 1974–1985
Lauren Elizabeth Ash is a Canadian actress from Belleville, Ontario. She is an alumna of both Second City Toronto Mainstage and Second City Chicago mainstage and is one half of sketch comedy duo "Cory!" She is a two-time Canadian Comedy Award winner for Best Female Improviser in 2006 and 2007 and has won for Best Performance by a Female - Television for Almost Heroes in 2012, Best Comedic Play in 2008, Best Sketch Troupe in 2006, in 2015 won Best Female Performance in a Feature Film for her role as Carol in the movie Dirty Singles. She appeared in the prank show "Scare Tactics". Ash has played various roles in Scare Tactics as well as the Canadian TV series Almost Heroes, she had a recurring role in The Ron James Show and made guest appearances in Lost Girl, Bomb Girls and Call Me Fitz. Other film and television credits include Video on Trial and the Academy Award-nominated film Lars and the Real Girl, she was the voice of Sam Goldman in the animated Canadian series The Dating Guy. She was part of the American sitcom Super Fun Night alongside Liza Lapira.
She appeared in the first season Comedy Central series Another Period as Hortense, having taken over the role from Artemis Pebdani who played her in the pilot. In 2015, she began starring as Dina Fox on the NBC sitcom Superstore. Lauren Ash on IMDb Lauren Ash on Twitter Lauren Ash on Instagram