Cape Girardeau County, Missouri
Cape Girardeau County is a county located in the southeastern part of the U. S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 U. S. Census, the population was 75,674; the county seat is Jackson, the first city in the US to be named in honor of President Andrew Jackson. Organized on October 1, 1812, the county is named after Ensign Sieur Jean Baptiste de Giradot, an official of the French colonial years; the "cape" in the county's name is named after a former promontory rock overlooking the Mississippi River. Cape Girardeau County is the hub of the Cape Girardeau -- MO-IL Metropolitan Statistical Area, its largest city is Cape Girardeau. Cape Girardeau County was organized on October 1, 1812, as one of five original counties in the Missouri Territory after the US made the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, it is named after Ensign Sieur Jean Baptiste de Girardot, a French officer stationed 1704–1720 at Kaskaskia in the Illinois Country of New France. In 1733 he founded a trading post on the Mississippi River, which developed as the present-day city of Cape Girardeau.
The "cape" in the county name was a rock promontory overlooking the Mississippi River and Claire's house. Jackson, Missouri is the county seat; the first Cape Girardeau County Courthouse was constructed in 1818 by John Davis. This courthouse burned in 1870; the present courthouse in Jackson was completed in 1908 and was designed by P. H. Weathers; the county is the site of one of the oldest cold cases in the state of Missouri. Bonnie Huffman, a 20-year-old schoolteacher, was found murdered in a ditch just outside Delta on July 2, 1954, her case was never solved. Cape Girardeau is referenced in Dave Van Ronk's song "Hang Me, Oh Hang Me," which has found a place in the folk canon since its release in 1962; the song was featured prominently in the 2013 film Inside Llewyn Davis. In the second verse, the singer refers to having "been all around Cape Girardeau and parts of Arkansas...poor boy, I've been all around this world." According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 586 square miles, of which 579 square miles is land and 7.8 square miles is water.
The geography of Cape Girardeau County varies greatly. The areas around the towns of Delta and Dutchtown are flood plains, which were cultivated as cotton plantations. Western and northern areas are forested. Perry County Union County, Illinois Alexander County, Illinois Scott County Stoddard County Bollinger County Interstate 55 U. S. Route 61 Route 25 Route 34 Route 72 As of the census of 2000, there were 68,693 people, 26,980 households, 17,941 families residing in the county; the population density was 119 people per square mile. There were 29,434 housing units at an average density of 51 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 92.13% White, 5.28% Black or African American, 0.36% Native American, 0.75% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.31% from other races, 1.15% from two or more races. 0.91% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 26,980 households out of which 31.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.80% were married couples living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.50% were non-families.
27.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.96. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.40% under the age of 18, 13.40% from 18 to 24, 27.80% from 25 to 44, 21.60% from 45 to 64, 13.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.00 males. The median income for a household in the county was $45,862, the median income for a family was $58,037. Males had a median income of $32,371 versus $20,833 for females; the per capita income for the county was $24,303. About 6.70% of families and 11.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.40% of those under age 18 and 10.10% of those age 65 or over. According to the Association of Religion Data Archives County Membership Report, most residents in Cape Girardeau County adhere to a religion, while 23.12% do not.
Among those who do adhere to a religion, Cape Girardeau County residents' religious affiliations are: 62.56% Evangelical Protestantism 19.19% Catholicism 15.77% Mainline Protestantism 1.53% Others The main religious denominations among all adherents in Cape Girardeau County are: 19.84% Pentecostals 19.19% Catholics 18.60% Baptists 17.11% Lutherans 12.01% Methodists 7.18% Nondenominationals Of adults 25 years of age and older in Cape Girardeau County, 81.1% possess a high school diploma or higher while 24.2% hold a bachelor's degree as their highest educational attainment. Delta R-V School District—Delta Delta Elementary School Delta High School Oak Ridge R-VI School District—Oak Ridge Oak Ridge Elementary School Oak Ridge High School Nell Holcomb R-IV School District—Egypt Mills Nell Holcomb Elementary School Jackson R-II School District—Jackson Gordonville Attendance Center —Gordonville Millersville Attendance Center —Millersville North Elementary School Orchard Drive Elementary School South Elementary School West Lane Elementary School Jackson Middle School Russell Hawkins Jr.
High School (8–9
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, defined by the federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most identify, indicate whether or not they are of Hispanic or Latino origin. The racial categories represent a social-political construct for the race or races that respondents consider themselves to be and, "generally reflect a social definition of race recognized in this country." OMB defines the concept of race as outlined for the US Census as not "scientific or anthropological" and takes into account "social and cultural characteristics as well as ancestry", using "appropriate scientific methodologies" that are not "primarily biological or genetic in reference." The race categories include both national-origin groups. Race and ethnicity are considered separate and distinct identities, with Hispanic or Latino origin asked as a separate question. Thus, in addition to their race or races, all respondents are categorized by membership in one of two ethnic categories, which are "Hispanic or Latino" and "Not Hispanic or Latino".
However, the practice of separating "race" and "ethnicity" as different categories has been criticized both by the American Anthropological Association and members of US Commission on Civil Rights. In 1997, OMB issued a Federal Register notice regarding revisions to the standards for the classification of federal data on race and ethnicity. OMB developed race and ethnic standards in order to provide "consistent data on race and ethnicity throughout the Federal Government; the development of the data standards stem in large measure from new responsibilities to enforce civil rights laws." Among the changes, OMB issued the instruction to "mark one or more races" after noting evidence of increasing numbers of interracial children and wanting to capture the diversity in a measurable way and having received requests by people who wanted to be able to acknowledge their or their children's full ancestry rather than identifying with only one group. Prior to this decision, the Census and other government data collections asked people to report only one race.
The OMB states, "many federal programs are put into effect based on the race data obtained from the decennial census. Race data are critical for the basic research behind many policy decisions. States require these data to meet legislative redistricting requirements; the data are needed to monitor compliance with the Voting Rights Act by local jurisdictions". "Data on ethnic groups are important for putting into effect a number of federal statutes. Data on Ethnic Groups are needed by local governments to run programs and meet legislative requirements." The 1790 United States Census was the first census in the history of the United States. The population of the United States was recorded as 3,929,214 as of Census Day, August 2, 1790, as mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution and applicable laws."The law required that every household be visited, that completed census schedules be posted in'two of the most public places within, there to remain for the inspection of all concerned...' and that'the aggregate amount of each description of persons' for every district be transmitted to the president."
This law along with U. S. marshals were responsible for governing the census. One third of the original census data has been lost or destroyed since documentation; the data was lost in 1790–1830 time period and included data from: Connecticut, Maryland, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Delaware, New Jersey, Virginia. Census data included the name of the head of the family and categorized inhabitants as follows: free white males at least 16 years of age, free white males under 16 years of age, free white females, all other free persons, slaves. Thomas Jefferson the Secretary of State, directed marshals to collect data from all thirteen states, from the Southwest Territory; the census was not conducted in Vermont until 1791, after that state's admission to the Union as the 14th state on March 4 of that year. There was some doubt surrounding the numbers, President George Washington and Thomas Jefferson maintained the population was undercounted; the potential reasons Washington and Jefferson may have thought this could be refusal to participate, poor public transportation and roads, spread out population, restraints of current technology.
No microdata from the 1790 population census is available, but aggregate data for small areas and their compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. In 1800 and 1810, the age question regarding free white males was more detailed; the 1820
Butler County, Missouri
Butler County is a county located in the southeast Ozark Foothills Region in the U. S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 Census, the county's population was 42,794; the largest city and county seat is Poplar Bluff. The county was organized from Wayne County on February 27, 1849, is named after former U. S. Representative William O. Butler, an unsuccessful candidate for Vice President of the United States; the first meeting in the Butler County Courthouse was held on June 18, 1849. Butler County comprises MO Micropolitan Statistical Area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 699 square miles, of which 695 square miles is land and 4.3 square miles is water. Wayne County Stoddard County Dunklin County Clay County, Arkansas Ripley County Carter County Future Interstate 57 U. S. Route 60 U. S. Route 67 U. S. Route 160 Route 51 Route 53 Route 142 Mark Twain National Forest As of the census of 2000, there were 40,867 people, 16,718 households, 11,318 families residing in the county.
The population density was 59 people per square mile. There were 18,707 housing units at an average density of 27 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 92.16% White, 5.22% Black or African American, 0.56% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, 1.36% from two or more races. 1.01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Among the major first ancestries reported in Butler County were 31.7% American, 13.8% German, 11.6% Irish and 10.5% English. There were 16,718 households out of which 29.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.50% were married couples living together, 11.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.30% were non-families. 28.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.70% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.91. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.20% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 26.60% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, 16.70% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 92.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.10 males. The median income for a household in the county was $34,422, the median income for a family was $42,713. Males had a median income of $27,449 versus $19,374 for females; the per capita income for the county was $20,282. About 14.00% of families and 18.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.90% of those under age 18 and 16.90% of those age 65 or over. According to the Association of Religion Data Archives County Membership Report, most residents in Butler County do not adhere to a religion. Among those who do adhere to a religion, the majority of Butler County residents' religious affiliations are: 68.35% Evangelical Protestantism 11.92% Catholicism 11.25% Mainline Protestantism 5.41% Others 3.06% Black ProtestantismThe main religious families among all adherents in Butler County are: 45.27% Baptists 14.64% Nondenominationals 11.92% Catholics 9.30% Pentecostals 6.67% Methodists Of adults 25 years of age and older in Butler County, 70.5% possesses a high school diploma or higher while 11.6% holds a bachelor's degree or higher as their highest educational attainment.
Neelyville R-IV School District - Neelyville Hillview Elementary School - Harviell - Neelyville Elementary School - Neelyville High School - Poplar Bluff R-I School District - Poplar Bluff Eugene Field Elementary School - Kinyon Early Childhood Center - Lake Road Elementary School - Mark Twain Kindergarten Center - O'Neal Elementary School - Oak Grove Elementary School - Poplar Bluff 5th & 6th Grade Center - Poplar Bluff Jr. High School Poplar Bluff High School Twin Rivers R-X School District - Broseley Fisk Elementary School - Fisk - Qulin Elementary School - Qulin - Twin Rivers High School - Broseley - Agape Christian School - Poplar Bluff - - Non-denominational Christian Sacred Heart Elementary School - Poplar Bluff - - Roman Catholic Southern Missouri Christian School - Poplar Bluff - - Assembly of God/Pentecostal Westwood Baptist Academy - Poplar Bluff - - Baptist Zion Lutheran School - Poplar Bluff - Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod Hentz Alternative Learning Center - Poplar Bluff Shady Grove State School - Poplar Bluff Sierra-Osage Treatment Center - Poplar Bluff W.
E. Sears Youth Center - Poplar Bluff Three Rivers College - Poplar Bluff - A public, two-year community college. Fisk Community Library Poplar Bluff Public Library The Republican Party controls all politics at the local level in Butler County. Butler County is divided into two legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives: District 152 is represented by Todd Richardson, it consists of all of the cities of Neelyville and Poplar Bluff. District 153 is represented by Steve Cookson, it consists of all of the city of Fisk and the unincorporated communities of Ash Hill, Empire, Hamtown, Hilliard, Kinzer, Morocco and Wilby. All of Butler County is included in Missouri's 25th Senatorial District and is represented by Rep
Stoddard County, Missouri
Stoddard County is a county located in the southeastern portion of the U. S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 29,968; the county seat is Bloomfield. The county was organized on January 2, 1835, is named for Amos Stoddard, the first American commandant of Upper Louisiana. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 829 square miles, of which 823 square miles is land and 5.8 square miles is water. Bollinger County Cape Girardeau County Scott County New Madrid County Dunklin County Butler County Wayne County Future Interstate 57 U. S. Route 60 Route 25 Route 51 Route 153 Mingo National Wildlife Refuge As of the census of 2000, there 29,705 people, 12,064 households, 8,480 families residing in the county; the population density was 36 people per square mile. There were 13,221 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 97.34% White, 0.91% Black or African American, 0.40% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.24% from other races, 1.01% from two or more races.
0.78% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 38.4% were of American, 15.4% German, 12.4% Irish and 8.5% English ancestry. There were 12,064 households out of which 30.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.40% were married couples living together, 9.40% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.70% were non-families. 26.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.70% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.88. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.90% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 26.30% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, 17.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 92.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $33,120, the median income for a family was $41,072. Males had a median income of $26,514 versus $17,778 for females.
The per capita income for the county was $18,003. About 12.80% of families and 16.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.20% of those under age 18 and 17.60% of those age 65 or over. According to the Association of Religion Data Archives County Membership Report, Stoddard County is a part of the Bible Belt with evangelical Protestantism being the majority religion; the most predominant denominations among residents in Stoddard County who adhere to a religion are Southern Baptists and Churches of Christ. The Democratic Party and the Republican Party split control over politics at the local level in Stoddard County. Democrats and Republicans each hold six of the elected positions in the county. In the 2016 election, Sheriff Carl Hefner, who ran as a Democrat, switched parties and ran as a Republican. Stoddard County is divided among three legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives. District 159 – Currently represented by Billy Pat Wright and consists of most of the county, including Advance, Bell City, Dexter and Puxico.
District 161 – Currently represented by Steve Hodges and consists of some of the southeastern portions of the county along the New Madrid County border including Baker and Penermon. District 163 – Currently represented by Kent Hampton and consists of the southwestern corner along the Dunklin and Butler county lines, including Bernie. Democratic incumbent Tom Todd was defeated by Republican challenger Kent Hampton in 2010. All of Stoddard County is a part of Missouri's 25th District in the Missouri Senate and is represented by State Senator Rob Mayer. In 2008, Mayer defeated Democrat M. Shane Stoelting 65.32%-34.68% in the district. The 25th Senatorial District consists of Butler, New Madrid, Ripley and Wayne counties. Stoddard County is included in Missouri’s 8th Congressional District and is represented by Jason T. Smith in the U. S. House of Representatives. Smith won a special election on Tuesday, June 4, 2013, to finish out the remaining term of U. S. Representative Jo Ann Emerson. Emerson announced her resignation a month after being reelected with over 70 percent of the vote in the district.
She resigned to become CEO of the National Rural Electric Cooperative. At the presidential level, Stoddard County tends to lean Republican. John McCain carried Stoddard County over Barack Obama by more than a two-to-one margin in 2008. George W. Bush carried Stoddard County twice in 2000 over Al Gore and in 2004 over John Kerry when he received just under 70 percent of the vote. Bill Clinton did manage to carry Stoddard County in 1992 but narrowly lost it in his reelection bid in 1996 to Bob Dole. Like most rural areas, voters in Stoddard County adhere to and culturally conservative principles which influence their Republican leanings. In 2004, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to define marriage as the union between a man and a woman—it overwhelmingly passed Stoddard County with 88.29 percent of the vote. The initiative passed the state with 71 percent of support from voters as Missouri became the first state to ban same-sex marriage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to fund and legalize embryonic stem cell research in the state—it failed in Stoddard County with 60.65 percent voting against the measure.
The initiative narrowl
American Revolutionary War
The American Revolutionary War known as the American War of Independence, was an 18th-century war between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies which declared independence as the United States of America. After 1765, growing philosophical and political differences strained the relationship between Great Britain and its colonies. Patriot protests against taxation without representation followed the Stamp Act and escalated into boycotts, which culminated in 1773 with the Sons of Liberty destroying a shipment of tea in Boston Harbor. Britain responded by closing Boston Harbor and passing a series of punitive measures against Massachusetts Bay Colony. Massachusetts colonists responded with the Suffolk Resolves, they established a shadow government which wrested control of the countryside from the Crown. Twelve colonies formed a Continental Congress to coordinate their resistance, establishing committees and conventions that seized power. British attempts to disarm the Massachusetts militia in Concord led to open combat on April 19, 1775.
Militia forces besieged Boston, forcing a British evacuation in March 1776, Congress appointed George Washington to command the Continental Army. Concurrently, the Americans failed decisively in an attempt to invade Quebec and raise insurrection against the British. On July 2, 1776, the Second Continental Congress voted for independence, issuing its declaration on July 4. Sir William Howe launched a British counter-offensive, capturing New York City and leaving American morale at a low ebb. However, victories at Trenton and Princeton restored American confidence. In 1777, the British launched an invasion from Quebec under John Burgoyne, intending to isolate the New England Colonies. Instead of assisting this effort, Howe took his army on a separate campaign against Philadelphia, Burgoyne was decisively defeated at Saratoga in October 1777. Burgoyne's defeat had drastic consequences. France formally allied with the Americans and entered the war in 1778, Spain joined the war the following year as an ally of France but not as an ally of the United States.
In 1780, the Kingdom of Mysore attacked the British in India, tensions between Great Britain and the Netherlands erupted into open war. In North America, the British mounted a "Southern strategy" led by Charles Cornwallis which hinged upon a Loyalist uprising, but too few came forward. Cornwallis Cowpens, he retreated to Yorktown, intending an evacuation, but a decisive French naval victory deprived him of an escape. A Franco-American army led by the Comte de Rochambeau and Washington besieged Cornwallis' army and, with no sign of relief, he surrendered in October 1781. Whigs in Britain had long opposed the pro-war Tories in Parliament, the surrender gave them the upper hand. In early 1782, Parliament voted to end all offensive operations in America, but the war continued overseas. Britain scored a major victory over the French navy. On September 3, 1783, the belligerent parties signed the Treaty of Paris in which Great Britain agreed to recognize the sovereignty of the United States and formally end the war.
French involvement had proven decisive. Spain failed in its primary aim of recovering Gibraltar; the Dutch were compelled to cede territory to Great Britain. In India, the war against Mysore and its allies concluded in 1784 without any territorial changes. Parliament passed the Stamp Act in 1765 to pay for British military troops stationed in the American colonies after the French and Indian War. Parliament had passed legislation to regulate trade, but the Stamp Act introduced a new principle of a direct internal tax. Americans began to question the extent of the British Parliament's power in America, the colonial legislatures argued that they had exclusive right to impose taxes within their jurisdictions. Colonists condemned the tax because their rights as Englishmen protected them from being taxed by a Parliament in which they had no elected representatives. Parliament argued that the colonies were "represented virtually", an idea, criticized throughout the Empire. Parliament did repeal the act in 1766, but it affirmed its right to pass laws that were binding on the colonies.
From 1767, Parliament began passing legislation to raise revenue for the salaries of civil officials, ensuring their loyalty while inadvertently increasing resentment among the colonists, opposition soon became widespread. Enforcing the acts proved difficult; the seizure of the sloop Liberty in 1768 on suspicions of smuggling triggered a riot. In response, British troops occupied Boston, Parliament threatened to extradite colonists to face trial in England. Tensions rose after the murder of Christopher Seider by a customs official in 1770 and escalated into outrage after British troops fired on civilians in the Boston Massacre. In 1772, colonists in Rhode Island burned a customs schooner. Parliament repealed all taxes except the one on tea, passing the Tea Act in 1773, attempting to force colonists to buy East India Company tea on which the Townshend duties were paid, thus implicitly agreeing to Parliamentary supremacy; the landing of the tea was resisted in all colonies, but the governor of Massachusetts permitted British tea ships to remain in Boston Harbor, so the Sons of Liberty destroyed the tea chests in what became known as the "Boston Tea Party".
Parliament passed punitive legislation. It closed Boston Harbor until the tea was paid for and revoked the Massachusetts Charter, taking upon themselves the right to directly appoint the Massachusetts Governor's Council. Additionally, t
1890 United States Census
The Eleventh United States Census was taken beginning June 2, 1890. It determined the resident population of the United States to be 62,979,766—an increase of 25.5 percent over the 50,189,209 persons enumerated during the 1880 census. The data was tabulated by machine for the first time; the data reported that the distribution of the population had resulted in the disappearance of the American frontier. Most of the 1890 census materials were destroyed in a 1921 fire and fragments of the US census population schedule exist only for the states of Alabama, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, the District of Columbia; this was the first census in which a majority of states recorded populations of over one million, as well as the first in which multiple cities – New York as of 1880, Philadelphia – recorded populations of over one million. The census saw Chicago rank as the nation's second-most populous city, a position it would hold until 1990, in which Los Angeles would supplant it.
The 1890 census collected the following information: The 1890 census was the first to be compiled using methods invented by Herman Hollerith and was overseen by Superintendents Robert P. Porter and Carroll D. Wright. Data was entered on a machine readable medium, punched cards, tabulated by machine; the net effect of the many changes from the 1880 census: the larger population, the number of data items to be collected, the Census Bureau headcount, the volume of scheduled publications, the use of Hollerith's electromechanical tabulators, was to reduce the time required to process the census from eight years for the 1880 census to six years for the 1890 census. The total population of 62,947,714, the family, or rough, was announced after only six weeks of processing; the public reaction to this tabulation was disbelief, as it was believed that the "right answer" was at least 75,000,000. The United States census of 1890 showed a total of 248,253 Native Americans living in the United States, down from 400,764 Native Americans identified in the census of 1850.
The 1890 census announced that the frontier region of the United States no longer existed, that the Census Bureau would no longer track the westward migration of the U. S. population. Up to and including the 1880 census, the country had a frontier of settlement. By 1890, isolated bodies of settlement had broken into the unsettled area to the extent that there was hardly a frontier line; this prompted Frederick Jackson Turner to develop his Frontier Thesis. The original data for the 1890 Census is no longer available. All the population schedules were damaged in a fire in the basement of the Commerce Building in Washington, D. C. in 1921. Some 25 % of the materials were presumed another 50 % damaged by smoke and water; the damage to the records led to an outcry for a permanent National Archives. In December 1932, following standard federal record-keeping procedures, the Chief Clerk of the Bureau of the Census sent the Librarian of Congress a list of papers to be destroyed, including the original 1890 census schedules.
The Librarian was asked by the Bureau to identify any records which should be retained for historical purposes, but the Librarian did not accept the census records. Congress authorized destruction of that list of records on February 21, 1933, the surviving original 1890 census records were destroyed by government order by 1934 or 1935; the other censuses for which some information has been lost are the 1810 enumerations. Few sets of microdata from the 1890 census survive, but aggregate data for small areas, together with compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. Mayo-Smith, Richmond, "The Eleventh Census of the United States". In: The Economic Journal, Vol. 1, p. 43 - 58 1891 U. S Census Report Contains 1890 Census results Historical US Census data from the U. S. Census Bureau website Hollerith 1890 Census Tabulator by Columbia University "The Fate of the 1890 Population Census" from the National Archives website
Piedmont is a fourth-class city located in northwestern Wayne County in Southeast Missouri in the United States. The population was 1,977 at the 2010 census. A part of the Ozarks Foothills Region, Piedmont is located on the convergence of State Highways 34 and 49. Piedmont, transliterated as "foot of the mountain," is named for its geographic placement at the foot of Clark Mountain, a 1424-foot summit two miles north of the town. Piedmont was platted in 1871; the community derives its name from the French pied and mont, meaning "foot" and "mountain" respectively. A post office called Piedmont has been in operation since 1872. Piedmont is located at 37°9′0″N 90°41′45″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.15 square miles, of which, 2.14 square miles is land and 0.01 square miles is water. Piedmont includes the neighborhood of Beckville; as of the census of 2010, there were 1,977 people, 823 households, 500 families residing in the city. The population density was 923.8 inhabitants per square mile.
There were 993 housing units at an average density of 464.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 96.5% White, 0.5% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 0.8% from other races, 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.4% of the population. There were 823 households of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.1% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.8% had a male householder with no wife present, 39.2% were non-families. 33.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.90. The median age in the city was 42.9 years. 22.4% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 46.1% male and 53.9% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,992 people, 869 households, 528 families residing in the city; the population density was 955.5 people per square mile.
There were 959 housing units at an average density of 460.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 98.09% White, 0.16% African American, 0.40% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.20% from other races, 0.80% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.60% of the population. Among the major first ancestries reported in Piedmont were 21.4% American, 11.6% German, 11.3% Irish, 8.6% English, 3.7% Dutch, 2.5% French. There were 869 households out of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.1% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.2% were non-families. 35.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 23.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.79. In the city the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 23.6% from 25 to 44, 20.7% from 45 to 64, 25.8% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 85.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $24,678, the median income for a family was $23,500. Males had a median income of $27,120 versus $17,500 for females; the per capita income for the city was $11,976. About 24.3% of families and 26.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.7% of those under age 18 and 16.6% of those age 65 or over. Among residents 25 years of age and older in Piedmont, 53.4% possess a high school diploma or higher, 7.9% have a bachelor's degree, 2.6% hold a post-graduate/professional degree as their highest educational attainment. The Clearwater R-I School District serves the educational needs of most of the city's residents and nearby throughout most of western Wayne County. According to the Missouri Department of Elementary & Secondary Education, there is one elementary school, one middle school and one senior high school in the district.
During the 2008-2009 school year, there was a total of 1,110 students and 111 certified staff members enrolled in the Clearwater R-I School District. The school colors are orange and black and its mascot is the tiger. Clearwater Elementary School Clearwater Middle School Clearwater High School Victory Baptist Academy The City of Piedmont is governed by Mayor William H. "Bill" Kirkpatrick and a four-member city council. Meetings are held on the second Tuesday of each month at 6:00 p.m. Central Standard Time at Piedmont City Hall, 115 W. Green Street. Piedmont Elected City Officials Mayor: William H. "Bill" Kirkpatrick Ward I Aldermen: Brian Tutterow and Karin Townsend Ward II Aldermen: Kyle Allen and Scott Tucker City Collector: Bill McMurry Chief of Police: Richard SandersPiedmont Appointed City Officials City Clerk: Tammy Thurman City Treasurer: Dennis Ross City Attorney: Robert M. Ramshur Piedmont is a part of Missouri's 144th Legislative District and is represented by Chris Dinkins. In the Missouri Senate, State Senator Wayne Wallingford represents Piedmont as part of Missouri's 27th Senatorial District.
Piedmont is included in Missouri's 8th congressional district and is represented in the U. S. House of Representatives by Jason T. Smith. Piedmont has a humid subtropical climate. Piedmont was once known for