Modern Whig Party
The Modern Whig Party is a political party in the United States founded in 2007. The party describes itself as a mainstream, middle-of-the-road grassroots movement representing voters who do not accept Republican and Democratic positions; the party's general platform supports fiscal responsibility, strong national defense, integrity and pragmatism in government. Members of the party have won a handful of local elections, but did so under other party labels or as independents. In recent years the party has not nominated candidates for any major office; the Modern Whig Party underwent a major overhaul of its structure and leadership in late 2014 and re-launched in the early spring of 2015. The whig party was started by Henry Clay, William H. Harrison, Daniel Webster, Horace Greeley. According to the Encyclopedia Brittanica, "Whig Party, in U. S. history, major political party active in the period 1834–54 that espoused a program of national development but foundered on the rising tide of sectional antagonism.
". The whig party was the original Party of Abraham Lincoln Party, It arose due to the fact that: "Jackson had shattered the National Republican Party”; the party became a major force in America politics and while it "captured most of congress and the white house by 1864", It managed to capture the Presidency, placing several U. S. Whig Party Presidents, like William Henry Harrison, James Madison, James Monroe, John Quincy Adams, Abraham Lincoln until the eve of the civil war when the party dissolved as it split into Northern and Southern Whigs), ending in the rise of the current two party system. According to The News & Observer, the Modern Whig Party was founded by U. S. troops while they were in "the deserts of Iraq and the mountains of Afghanistan." The Modern Whig Party was organized as a grassroots movement in the beginning of 2007. It is active as of, reflects an ideology of centrism, multiculturalism and aims to serve the needs of the community by identifying the most basic human rights guaranteed by the U.
S. Constitution. In December 2018, the Modern Whig Party joined several other third parties and established The Alliance Party. In the spring of 2010 Time rated the Modern Whig Party, the U. S. Marijuana Party, the Pirate Party, the Tea Party movement, the American Secessionists as among the "top 10 most popular alternative political movements worldwide." Opinion columns in The News & Observer before 2010 were favorable toward the party. In its first authentic electoral test, Gene L. Baldassari running on the Modern Whig ticket sought the 14th District seat in the New Jersey Assembly in the November 2, 2009, general election, he received 859 votes for just over 0.6 percent of the vote. After the election of November 4, 2008, a push began to attract moderate and conservative Democrats, members of the Republican Party who felt disenchanted with both the GOP's failings and its perception as moving further to the right. On December 12–13, 2009, the Modern Whig Party held its first national leadership council meeting in Washington, D.
C.. On November 5, 2013, Robert Bucholz, running on the Modern Whig Party ticket, was elected as Judge of Election for the Fifth Division in Philadelphia's 56th Ward, he beat Democrat Loretta Probasco by 36 votes to 24. He is the first member to be elected to office in any state under the party name. 2009: New Jersey 2014: Kentucky Official website
Hamilton Township, Mercer County, New Jersey
Hamilton Township is a township in Mercer County, New Jersey, United States. The township is within the New York metropolitan area as defined by the United States Census Bureau, but directly borders the Philadelphia metropolitan area and is part of the Federal Communications Commission's Philadelphia Designated Market Area; as of the 2010 United States Census, the township had a total population of 88,464, reflecting an increase of 1,355 from the 87,109 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 556 from the 86,553 counted in the 1990 Census. The township was the state's 9th-largest municipality, after having been ranked 10th in 2000; the township is located east of the city of Trenton, the state's capital. Hamilton was incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 11, 1842, from portions of the now-defunct Nottingham Township. Portions of the township were taken to form Chambersburg borough and Wilbur borough. Hamilton Township derives its name from the village of Hamilton Square, which might have been named for Alexander Hamilton.
In 2006, Hamilton Township was ranked by Morgan Quitno as the eighteenth-safest city in the United States, out of 369 cities nationwide. In the company's 2005 survey, the Township was ranked 15th safest of 354 cities surveyed nationwide. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 40.387 square miles, including 39.489 square miles of it is land and 0.898 square miles of water is water. Although Hamilton is one of the largest townships in New Jersey it doesn't have a true "downtown", but a number of settlements within the township form smaller commercial centers. Groveville, Hamilton Square, White Horse and Yardville are all census-designated places and unincorporated communities located within the township. Other unincorporated communities and place names located or within the township include Briar Manor, Broad Street Park, Chewalla Park, Creston, DeCou Village, Duck Island, East Trenton Heights, Extonville, Golden Crest, Gropps Lake, Haines Corner, Hutchinson Mills, Lakeside Park, Maple Shade, North Crosswicks, Oil City, Pond Run, Quaker Bridge, Quaker Gardens, The Orchards, Trenton Gardens, Warner Village, White City and Yardville Heights.
Van Nest Wildlife Refuge is a 98-acre wildlife management area operated by the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection's Division of Fish and Wildlife. As of late 2005, much of the new residential development in Hamilton has been geared to accommodating the aging baby boomer generation. New retirement communities and assisted-living facilities outpace that of new traditional residential communities; such construction has been spurred by several factors. The first being that the public is skeptical of growing school budgets due to its large size. Hamilton voters have rejected increases in school budgets in their yearly elections to keep high taxes from growing higher; as a result, the planning board has been reluctant to authorize construction of housing that will increase the student population. Another reason is a series of improvements to Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital; the hospital is now a respected source of care in the state. It is situated next to where most of the under-developed land in the township used to be, land, now home to the active older-adult communities.
As of October 2016, significant construction has been done to further build up the Hamilton Township area. Multiple new retirement communities have been constructed, as well as multiple new restaurants, gas stations and convenience stores along Route 33. Hamilton Township continues to expand to accommodate the increase in citizens residing in the community; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 88,464 people, 34,534 households, 23,759.392 families residing in the township. The population density was 2,240.2 per square mile. There were 36,170 housing units at an average density of 915.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the township was 78.38% White, 11.78% Black or African American, 0.17% Native American, 3.29% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 4.27% from other races, 2.02% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.87% of the population. There were 34,534 households out of which 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.3% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.2% were non-families.
26.3% of all households were made up of individuals, 11.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.09. In the township, the population was spread out with 21.2% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 29.6% from 45 to 64, 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.8 years. For every 100 females there were 91.8 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 88.6 males. The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that median household income was $72,026 and the median family income was $87,512. Males had a median income of $58,674 versus $45,661 for females; the per capita income for the township was $32,344. About 3.5% of families and 5.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.3%
Green Party of the United States
The Green Party of the United States is a green federation of political parties in the United States. The party promotes green politics environmentalism. On the political spectrum, the party is seen as left-wing; the GPUS was founded in 2001 as the evolution of the Association of State Green Parties, formed in 1996. After its founding, the GPUS soon became the primary national green organization in the country, eclipsing the Greens/Green Party USA, which formed in 1991 out of the Green Committees of Correspondence, a collection of local green groups active since 1984; the ASGP had distanced itself from the G/GPUSA in the late 1990s. The Greens gained widespread public attention during the 2000 presidential election, when the ticket composed of Ralph Nader and Winona LaDuke won 2.7% of the popular vote. Nader was vilified by many Democrats and some Greens, who accused him of spoiling the election for Al Gore, the Democratic candidate. Nader maintains; the political movement that began in 1985 as the decentralized Committees of Correspondence evolved into a more centralized structure by 1990, opening a national clearinghouse and forming governing bodies, bylaws and a platform as the Green Committees of Correspondence and by 1990 The Greens.
The organization conducted grassroots organizing efforts, educational activities and electoral campaigns. Internal divisions arose between members who saw electoral politics as corrupting and supported the notion of an "anti-party party" formed by Petra Kelly and other leaders of the Greens in Germany vs. those who saw electoral strategies as a crucial engine of social change. A struggle for the direction of the organization culminated a "compromise agreement", ratified in 1990 at the Greens National Congress in Elkins, West Virginia and in which both strategies would be accommodated within the same 527 political organization renamed the Greens/Green Party USA, it was recognized by the FEC as a national political party in 1991. The compromise agreement subsequently collapsed and two Green party organizations have co-existed in the United States since; the Green Politics Network was organized in 1990 and the National Association of Statewide Green Parties formed by 1994. Divisions between those pressing to break onto the national political stage and those aiming to grow roots at the local level continued to widen during the 1990s.
The Association of State Green Parties encouraged and backed Nader's presidential runs in 1996 and 2000. By 2001, the push to separate electoral activity from the G/GPUSA issue-based organizing led to the Boston Proposal and subsequent rise of the Green Party of the United States; the G/GPUSA lost most of its affiliates in the following months and dropped its FEC national party status in 2005. In 2016, Mark Salazar set a new record for a Green Party nominee for Congress. Running in the Arizona 8th district against incumbent Republican Congressman Trent Franks, Salazar received 93,954 votes or 31.43%. The GPUS follows the ideals of green politics, which are based on the Four Pillars, namely ecological wisdom, social justice, grassroots democracy and nonviolence; the Ten Key Values, which expand upon the Four Pillars, are as follows: Grassroots democracy Social justice and equal opportunity Ecological wisdom Nonviolence Decentralization Community-based economics Feminism and gender equality Respect for diversity Personal and global responsibility Future focus and sustainabilityPeter Camejo was quoted in 2002 as claiming that he was a watermelon—green on the outside, but red on the inside.
In January 2004, he initiated the Avocado Declaration. "An avocado is Green on the outside and Green on the inside". The Declaration goes on to explain that Greens have a vital role in bringing democracy to the otherwise undemocratic two party system of the United States; the Green Party does not accept donations from corporations, political action committees, 527 organizations or soft money. The party's platforms and rhetoric harshly criticize corporate influence and control over government and society at large; the party supports the implementation of a single-payer healthcare system. They have called for contraception and abortion procedures to be available on demand; the Green Party calls for providing tuition-free college at public universities and vocational schools, increasing funding for after-school and daycare programs, cancelling all student loan debt, repealing the No Child Left Behind Act. They are against the dissolution of public schools and the privatization of education; the party favors the abolition of the death penalty, repeal of three-strikes laws, banning of private prisons, legalization of marijuana, decriminalization of other drugs.
The Green Party advocates for "complete and full" reparations to the African American community, as well the removal of the Confederate flag from all government buildings. The party supports same-sex marriage, the right of access to medical and surgical treatment for sex reassignment, withdrawing foreign aid to countries with poor LGBT+ rights records; the Green Party calls on the United States to join the International Criminal Court, sign the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty and Non-Proliferation Treaty. Additionally, it supports cutting the defense budget
New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States. It is located on a peninsula, bordered on the north and east by the state of New York along the extent of the length of New York City on its western edge. New Jersey is the fourth-smallest state by area but the 11th-most populous, with 9 million residents as of 2017, the most densely populated of the 50 U. S. states. New Jersey lies within the combined statistical areas of New York City and Philadelphia. New Jersey was the second-wealthiest U. S. state by median household income as of 2017. New Jersey was inhabited by Native Americans for more than 2,800 years, with historical tribes such as the Lenape along the coast. In the early 17th century, the Dutch and the Swedes founded the first European settlements in the state; the English seized control of the region, naming it the Province of New Jersey after the largest of the Channel Islands and granting it as a colony to Sir George Carteret and John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton.
New Jersey was the site of several decisive battles during the American Revolutionary War in the 18th century. In the 19th century, factories in cities, Paterson, Trenton, Jersey City, Elizabeth helped to drive the Industrial Revolution. New Jersey's geographic location at the center of the Northeast megalopolis, between Boston and New York City to the northeast, Philadelphia and Washington, D. C. to the southwest, fueled its rapid growth through the process of suburbanization in the second half of the 20th century. In the first decades of the 21st century, this suburbanization began reverting with the consolidation of New Jersey's culturally diverse populace toward more urban settings within the state, with towns home to commuter rail stations outpacing the population growth of more automobile-oriented suburbs since 2008. Around 180 million years ago, during the Jurassic Period, New Jersey bordered North Africa; the pressure of the collision between North America and Africa gave rise to the Appalachian Mountains.
Around 18,000 years ago, the Ice Age resulted in glaciers. As the glaciers retreated, they left behind Lake Passaic, as well as many rivers and gorges. New Jersey was settled by Native Americans, with the Lenni-Lenape being dominant at the time of contact. Scheyichbi is the Lenape name for the land, now New Jersey; the Lenape were several autonomous groups that practiced maize agriculture in order to supplement their hunting and gathering in the region surrounding the Delaware River, the lower Hudson River, western Long Island Sound. The Lenape society was divided into matrilinear clans; these clans were organized into three distinct phratries identified by their animal sign: Turtle and Wolf. They first encountered the Dutch in the early 17th century, their primary relationship with the Europeans was through fur trade; the Dutch became the first Europeans to lay claim to lands in New Jersey. The Dutch colony of New Netherland consisted of parts of modern Middle Atlantic states. Although the European principle of land ownership was not recognized by the Lenape, Dutch West India Company policy required its colonists to purchase the land that they settled.
The first to do so was Michiel Pauw who established a patronship called Pavonia in 1630 along the North River which became the Bergen. Peter Minuit's purchase of lands along the Delaware River established the colony of New Sweden; the entire region became a territory of England on June 24, 1664, after an English fleet under the command of Colonel Richard Nicolls sailed into what is now New York Harbor and took control of Fort Amsterdam, annexing the entire province. During the English Civil War, the Channel Island of Jersey remained loyal to the British Crown and gave sanctuary to the King, it was from the Royal Square in Saint Helier that Charles II of England was proclaimed King in 1649, following the execution of his father, Charles I. The North American lands were divided by Charles II, who gave his brother, the Duke of York, the region between New England and Maryland as a proprietary colony. James granted the land between the Hudson River and the Delaware River to two friends who had remained loyal through the English Civil War: Sir George Carteret and Lord Berkeley of Stratton.
The area was named the Province of New Jersey. Since the state's inception, New Jersey has been characterized by religious diversity. New England Congregationalists settled alongside Scots Presbyterians and Dutch Reformed migrants. While the majority of residents lived in towns with individual landholdings of 100 acres, a few rich proprietors owned vast estates. English Quakers and Anglicans owned large landholdings. Unlike Plymouth Colony and other colonies, New Jersey was populated by a secondary wave of immigrants who came from other colonies instead of those who migrated directly from Europe. New Jersey remained agrarian and rural throughout the colonial era, commercial farming developed sporadically; some townships, such as Burlington on the Delaware River and Perth Amboy, emerged as important ports for shipping to New York City and Philadelphia. The colony's fertile lands and tolerant religious policy drew more settlers, New Jersey's population had increased to 120,000 by 1775. Settlement for the first 10 years of English rule took place along Hackensack River and Arthur Kill –
New Jersey General Assembly
The New Jersey General Assembly is the lower house of the New Jersey Legislature. Since the election of 1967, the Assembly has consisted of 80 members. Two members are elected from each of New Jersey's 40 legislative districts for a term of two years, each representing districts with average populations of 210,359. To be eligible to run, a potential candidate must be at least 21 years of age, must have lived in their district for at least one year prior to the election, have lived in the state of New Jersey for two years, they must be residents of their districts. Membership in the Assembly is considered a part-time job, many members have employment in addition to their legislative work. Assembly members serve two-year terms, elected every odd-numbered year in November. Several members of the Assembly hold other elective office, as they are grandfathered in under a New Jersey law that banned multiple office holding in 2007; the Assembly is led by the Speaker of the Assembly, elected by the membership of the chamber.
After the Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey and the President of the New Jersey Senate, the Speaker of the Assembly is third in the line of succession to replace the Governor of New Jersey in the event that he or she is unable to execute the duties of that office. The Speaker decides the schedule for the Assembly, which bills will be considered, appoints committee chairmen, runs the Assembly's agenda; the current Speaker is Craig Coughlin. Members of the NJ General Assembly receive an annual base salary of $49,000 with the Senate President and the Assembly Speaker earning more. Members receive $110,000 for staff salaries. In addition, they receive stationery and a telephone card, they receive other benefits. The total cost to the State of New Jersey for each member of the general assembly is $200,000 annually. See: New Jersey Legislature#Colonial period and New Jersey Legislative Council#Composition Committee chairs for the 2018-2019 Legislative Session are: Agriculture and Natural Resources - Asm.
Bob Andrzejczak Appropriations - Asm. John Burzichelli Budget - Aswm. Eliana Pintor Marin Commerce and Economic Development - Asm. Gordon M. Johnson Consumer Affairs - Asm. Paul Moriarty Education - Asw. Pamela R. Lampitt Environment and Solid Waste - Asw. Nancy Pinkin Financial Institutions and Insurance - Asm. John F. McKeon Health and Senior Services - Asm. Herb Conaway, MD Higher Education - Asw. Mila Jasey Homeland Security and State Preparedness - Asw. Valerie Vainieri Huttle Housing and Community Development - Asm. Jerry Green Human Services - Asw. Joann Downey Judiciary - Asw. Annette Quijano Labor - Asm. Joseph Egan Law and Public Safety - Asm. Adam Taliaferro Military and Veterans' Affairs - Asw. Cleopatra Tucker Oversight and Federal Relations - Asm. Joseph Danielsen Regulated Professions - Asm. Thomas Giblin Regulatory Oversight - Asm. Reed Gusciora Science and Technology - Asm. Andrew Zwicker State and Local Government - Asm. Vincent Mazzeo Telecommunications and Utilities - Asm. Wayne DeAngelo Tourism and the Arts - Asm.
Ralph Caputo Transportation and Independent Authorities - Asm. Daniel R. Benson Women and Children - Asw. Gabriela Mosquera Note: The first three subsections below end with a constitutional year: 1776, 1844 or 1947; the fourth subsection ends in 1966, the year of the U. S. Supreme Court decision that required legislative apportionment based on the principle of "one person, one vote"; the following is a list of Speakers of the Assembly since 1703. On December 6, 1775, Gov. William Franklin prorogued the New Jersey Legislature until January 3, 1776, but it never met again. On May 30, 1776, Franklin attempted to convene the legislature, but was met instead with an order by the New Jersey Provincial Congress for his arrest. On July 2, 1776, the Provincial Congress approved a new constitution; the Constitution of 1844 expanded the General Assembly to 60 members, elected annually and apportioned to the then-nineteen counties by population. Category:Members of the New Jersey General Assembly New Jersey State Constitution New Jersey Legislature official website Assembly Democrats official website Assembly Republicans official website New Jersey section of Project Vote Smart a national database of voting records and other information about legislators
2015 New Jersey elections
A general election was held in the U. S. state of New Jersey on November 3, 2015. Primary elections were held on June 2; the only state positions up in this election cycle were all 80 seats in the New Jersey General Assembly and one Senate special election in the 5th Legislative District. In addition to the State Legislative elections, numerous county offices and freeholders in addition to municipal offices were up for election. There were no statewide ballot questions this year though some counties and municipalities may have had a local question asked. Non-partisan local elections, some school board elections, some fire district elections happened throughout the year; the entire Senate is up in years ending in 1, 3, 7. A low turnout was expected due to the lack of Presidential, Congressional, or gubernatorial elections on the ballot this year; the predictions turned out to be true as the 22% turnout was the lowest percentage recorded in recent state history. One special election was held in the 5th Legislative District to fill the remaining term of Donald Norcross.
Norcross resigned in November 2014 following his election to Congress. In December 2014, 5th District Democrats appointed former Assemblywoman Nilsa Cruz-Perez to the seat. Cruz-Perez was faced no challengers in the special election; the Democratic Party holds a majority of seats in the Senate with 24 seats. The results of this election did not affect the standings of either party in the upper house. All 80 seats in the General Assembly were up for election this year. In each Legislative district, there are two people elected; the two members of each party run as a team in each election. In the 2013 election, Democrats captured 48 seats. At the time of the general election, there were two vacancies: One in the 5th District resulting from Democrat Angel Fuentes's resignation on June 30, 2015 and one in the 24th District resulting from Republican Alison Littell McHose's resignation on October 17, 2015. Four Democrats defeated four incumbent Republicans leading to the Democrats controlling 52 of 80 seats in the 2016–17 Assembly session, the highest percentage they held since 1979.
Summary of the November 3, 2015 New Jersey General Assembly election results: Incumbent Angel Fuentes ran in the Democratic primary but withdrew his candidacy in June 2015 when he became a deputy county clerk in Camden County. Fuentes and Marianne Holly Cass were replaced on the Democratic ballot by Arthur Barclay and Pat Jones and Ralph Williams was replaced by Keith Walker on the Republican ticket. Robert Esposito won a spot on the Republican ticket in the general election but was replaced on the ballot by Claire Gustafson. Anthony Washington won a spot on the Democratic ticket in the general election but was replaced on the ballot by Robert P. Kurzydlowski. On election night, the returns showed incumbent Republican Donna Simon ahead of Democrat Andrew Zwicker; that night, Zwicker delivered a concession speech though returns that night put him ahead of Simon. After all provisional ballots were counted in the four counties comprising the district, Simon conceded on November 16. Zwicker becomes the first Democrat to represent the 16th legislative district.
Reyes Ortega won a spot on the Republican ticket in the general election but was replaced on the ballot by Jesus Varela. Jimmy Esposito won a spot on the Democratic ticket in the general election but was replaced on the ballot by Lorna Phillipson. Louis Rodriguez won a spot on the Republican ticket in the general election but withdrew his candidacy from the general election due to a federal job. Anthony Cappola dropped out of the race on October 1 following the discovery of a controversial satirical book entitled Outrageous! Written by Cappola. Bergen County Republicans picked attorney Fernando Alonso to replace Cappola on the ballot pending the allowance of the replacement candidate on the ballot; the Republicans unexpectedly dropped the effort to have the candidate replaced on October 13 and Cappola announced his intention to continue in the race. New Jersey Department of State - Division of Elections 2015 Election Information New Jersey elections, 2015 - Ballotpedia
International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers
The International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers is a labor union that represents nearly 750,000 workers and retirees in the electrical industry in the United States, Panama and several Caribbean island nations. The union represents some workers in the computer, telecommunications and other fields related to electrical work, it was founded in 1891, two years before George Westinghouse won the electric current wars by lighting up the Chicago worlds fair with AC current, before homes and businesses in the United States began receiving electricity. It is an international organization, based on the principle of collective bargaining, its international president is Lonnie R. Stephenson, is affiliated with the AFL-CIO; the beginnings of the IBEW were in Linemen's Union No. 5221, founded in St. Louis, Missouri in 1890. By 1891, after sufficient interest was shown in a national union, a convention was held on November 21, 1891 in St. Louis. At the convention, the IBEW known as the National Brotherhood of Electrical Workers, was formed.
The American Federation of Labor gave the NBEW a charter as an AFL affiliate on December 7, 1891. The union's official journal, The Electrical Worker, was first published on January 15, 1893, has been published since. At the 1899 convention in Pittsburgh, the union's name was changed to the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers; the union went through lean times in its early years struggled through six years of schism during the 1910s, when two rival groups each claimed to be the duly elected leaders of the union. In 1919, as many employers were trying to drive unions out of the workplace through a national open shop campaign, the union agreed to form the Council on Industrial Relations, a bipartite body made up of equal numbers of management and union representatives with the power to resolve any collective bargaining disputes; that body still functions today, has resolved strikes in the IBEW's jurisdiction in the construction industry. In September 1941, the National Apprenticeship Standards for the Electrical Construction Industry, a joint effort among the IBEW, the National Electrical Contractors Association, the Federal Committee on Apprenticeship, were established.
The IBEW added additional training programs and courses as needed to keep up with new technologies, including an industrial electronics course in 1959 and an industrial nuclear power course in 1966. Today, the IBEW conducts apprenticeship programs for electricians, VDV installers, in conjunction with the National Electrical Contractors Association, under the auspices of the National Joint Apprenticeship and Training Committee, which allows apprentices to "earn while you learn." In Canadian jurisdictions, the IBEW does not deliver apprenticeship training, but does conduct supplemental training for government trained apprentices and journeypersons at little or no cost to its members. The IBEW local 353 Toronto requires all apprentices to be registered with the JAC for a number of safety courses, pre-apprenticeship training, pre-trade school courses, supplementary training, pre-exam courses; the IBEW's membership peaked in 1972 at 1 million members. The membership numbers were in a slow decline throughout the rest of the 1970s and the 1980s, but have since stabilized.
One major loss of membership for the IBEW came about because of the court-ordered breakup at the end of 1982 of AT&T, where the IBEW was organized among both telephone workers and in AT&T's manufacturing facilities. Membership as of 2013 stands according to their official website. Henry Miller Queren Jansen H. W. Sherman J. H. Maloney Thomas Wheeler W. A. Jackson Frank Joseph McNulty – first full-time, paid president of the union. 14 cubic feet. At the Labor Archives of Washington State, University of Washington Libraries Special Collections. Henry Andes Papers. 2003.03 cu. ft. International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers Canada – Canadian Labour Unions – Web Archive created by the University of Toronto Libraries