Frank Zummo is an American musician and record producer, best known as the drummer for Sum 41 and Street Drum Corps. Together with drummers Bobby and Adam Alt, Frank Zummo is one of the founding members of Street Drum Corps. Frank Zummo has performed as the drummer for several other bands, both as a full-time member and session member. Including Thenewno2, TheStart, Dead By Sunrise and Krewella. In August 2009, Frank Zummo filled in for Tommy Lee for a string of Mötley Crüe shows. In January 2011, he became the new drummer for the band Julien-K. Frank Zummo joined Sum 41 in 2015, following the departure of original drummer and founding member Steve Jocz in 2013. Zummo has performed drum sets and DJ sets several times at Emo Nite in Los Angeles. With Street Drum Corps Street Drum Corps We Are Machines Big Noise Children of the Drum With Sum 41 13 Voices A select list of Frank Zummo's awards and nominations
Introduction to Destruction
Introduction to Destruction is Sum 41's first DVD. It was released in 2001; the DVD contains film of a sold-out live concert at the Astoria in London and all available music videos at the time including outtakes and behind the scenes features. In addition, there are five home movies Sum 41 when they were in grade 11, five feature films, photographs and a special "hidden" weblink. "Motivation" "Nothing On My Back" "Makes No Difference" "Rhythms" "In Too Deep" "All She's Got" "Handle This" "Machine Gun" "Crazy Amanda Bunkface" "It's What We're All About" "Fat Lip"
System of a Down
System of a Down is an Armenian-American heavy metal band from Glendale, formed in 1994. The band consists of Serj Tankian, Daron Malakian, Shavo Odadjian, John Dolmayan; the band achieved commercial success with the release of five studio albums, three of which debuted at number one on the US Billboard 200. System of a Down has been nominated for four Grammy Awards, their song "B. Y. O. B." won a Grammy Award for Best Hard Rock Performance in 2006. The band went on hiatus in 2006 and reunited in 2010. System of a Down sold over 40 million records worldwide, their singles "Aerials" and "Hypnotize" have both reached number one on Billboard's Alternative Songs chart. Serj Tankian and Daron Malakian attended Rose and Alex Pilibos Armenian School as children, although due to their eight-year age difference they did not meet until 1992 while working on separate projects at the same recording studio, they formed a band named Soil with Tankian on vocals and keyboards, Malakian on vocals and guitar, Dave Hakopyan on bass and Domingo "Dingo" Laranio on drums.
The band hired Shavo Odadjian as manager, although he joined Soil as rhythm guitarist. In 1994, after only one live show at the Roxy and one jam session recording and Laranio left the band. After Soil split up, Tankian and Malakian formed a new band, System of a Down; the group took its name from a poem that Malakian had written titled "Victims of a Down". The word "victims" was changed to "system" because Odadjian believed that it would appeal to a much wider audience and because the group wanted their records to be alphabetically shelved closer to their musical heroes, Slayer. Odadjian switched from guitar to bass and passed on his managerial duties to Velvet Hammer Music and Management Group and its founder David "Beno" Benveniste; the band recruited drummer Ontronik "Andy" Khachaturian, an old school friend of Malakian's and Odadjian's who had played with Malakian in a band called Snowblind during their teens. In early 1995, System played as "Soil" at a nightclub in Los Angeles. Shortly after the event, System of a Down made what is known as Untitled 1995 Demo Tape, not commercially released but appeared on file sharing networks around the time of the band's success with Toxicity about six years later.
Demo Tape 2 was released in 1996. At the beginning of 1997, System of a Down recorded their final publicly released demo tape, Demo Tape 3. In mid-1997, drummer Khachaturian left the band because of a hand injury. Khachaturian was replaced by John Dolmayan; the band's first official release of a professionally recorded song was on a collection called Hye Enk, an Armenian Genocide recognition compilation, in 1997. Soon after playing at notable Hollywood clubs such as the Whisky-A-Go-Go and Viper Room the band caught famed producer Rick Rubin's attention who asked them to keep in touch with him. Showing great interest, the group recorded Demo Tape 4 near the end of 1997. Unlike the previous demo tapes, Demo Tape 4 was made only to be sent to record companies. Rubin signed the group onto his American/Columbia Records, System of a Down began to record in Rubin's studio with engineer Sylvia Massy, laying down tracks that would be released on their debut album. In 1997, the group won the Best Signed Band Award from the Rock City Awards.
In June 1998, System of a Down released System of a Down. They enjoyed moderate success as their first singles "Sugar" and "Spiders" became radio favorites and the music videos for both songs were aired on MTV. After the release of the album, the band toured extensively, opening for Slayer and Metallica before making their way to the second stage of Ozzfest. Following Ozzfest, they toured with Fear Factory and Incubus before headlining the Sno-Core Tour with Puya, Mr. Bungle, The Cat and Incubus providing support. In November 1998, System of a Down appeared on South Park's Chef Aid album, providing the music for the song "Will They Die 4 You?" Near the end of the song Tankian can be heard saying, "Why must we kill our own kind?" A line that would be used in the song "Boom!" Although System of a Down is credited on the album, South Park character Chef does not introduce them as he does every other artist featured on the record. System of a Down's former drummer, Ontronik Khachaturian reunited with the band at a show at The Troubadour in 1999, filling in on vocals for an ill Tankian.
In 2000, the band contributed their cover of the Black Sabbath song "Snowblind" to the Black Sabbath tribute album Nativity in Black 2. On September 3, 2001, System of a Down had planned on launching their second album at a free concert in Hollywood as a "thank you" to fans; the concert, to be held in a parking lot, was set up to accommodate 3,500 people. Because of the large excess number of fans, the performance was cancelled by police officers just before the group took the stage. No announcement was made. Fans waited for more than an hour for the group to appear, but when a banner hanging at the back of the stage that read "System of a Down" was removed by security, the audience rushed the stage, destroying all the band's touring gear and beg
Chop Suey! (song)
"Chop Suey!" is the first single from Armenian-American heavy metal band System of a Down's second album Toxicity. The single was released in August 2001 and earned the band its first Grammy nomination in 2002 for Best Metal Performance. Loudwire included the song in its list of The Best Hard Rock Songs Of The 21st Century, where it was ranked at number-one. "Chop Suey!" is seen as the band's signature song. In an interview, Daron Malakian explained, "The song is about how we are regarded differently depending on how we pass. Everyone deserves to die. Like, if I were now to die from drug abuse, they might say I deserved it because I abused dangerous drugs. Hence the line,'I cry when angels deserve to die'; the lyric passages'Father, into your hands I commend my spirit' and'why have you forsaken me?' are a reference to Jesus' death on the cross, as, according to the Gospels, it was one of the seven things Jesus said while dying." The song was titled "Suicide" but the band decided to change it because they wanted to make it radio-friendly.
The song title is therefore a wordplay from Self-righteous suicide to "Self-right-Chop Suey-cide" that replaces provocation by absurdity. The band members claim. Noteworthy, certain pressings of the album include an intro to the track where the comment We're rolling'Suicide' can still be heard faintly before the guitar starts; the music video was the band's first collaboration with the acclaimed director Marcos Siega, is set in the car park of the Oak Tree Inn motel in Los Angeles, hometown of the band. The members are performing the song on stage, surrounded by 1,000 fans. Editing devices are used to create the effect of the band members "walking through" one another and teleporting on and off the stage, an effect similar to one used in the Red Hot Chili Peppers video "Around the World". One scene shows Tankian eating chop suey with some fans, the only reference to the title dish in either the song or the video; the video makes use of the SnorriCam technique, in which an actor will have a camera attached to them with a harness, making it appear as though the background is moving and the actor is stationary.
In the middle of the video the Soviet Armenia flag can be seen. As of April 2019, the video has more than 830 million views on YouTube and more than 4.0 million likes. "Chop Suey!" is the first single of Toxicity, an album, number one on the charts during the week of the September 11, 2001 attacks. A controversy surrounding the popular single the line'I don't think you trust in my self-righteous suicide', at the time led to Clear Channel Radio placing the song on a list of post-9/11 inappropriate titles. Although it was never banned from the air, Clear Channel Radio stations were advised against playing any of the songs on the list; the song has been covered several times. Tenacious D covered the song in live performances, with Jack Black singing gibberish lyrics. "Weird Al" Yankovic included the song in the "Angry White Boy Polka" medley on his album Poodle Hat. Richard Cheese parodied the song in his 2002 album Tuxicity. ApologetiX parodied the song as "Downer of a Sister" on their album Adam Up.
Filipino band Parokya ni Edgar parodied this song, along with "Toxicity", another of System of a Down's songs, amalgamated it as "The Ordertaker" in their album Halina sa Parokya, about an angry customer at a restaurant that has a menu but sells nothing. Casey Shea recorded a cover for Engine Room Recordings' compilation album Guilt by Association Vol. 1, released in September 2007. In 2017, Anthony Vincent, the vocalist behind YouTube series Ten Seconds Songs, re-interpreted "Chop Suey!" in 20 different styles. Peruvian singer Tongo recorded a parody of the song at the end of 2016, titled Selfo Radio Suisay, based on the pronunciation of Spanish phonetic sounds of the line "self-righteous suicide". Neil Cicierega's "Crocodile Chop" from his Mouth Silence album features the vocals from "Chop Suey!" over the instrumental and backing vocals from Elton John's "Crocodile Rock". "Chop Suey!" was a moderate success on the charts around the world. In Australia, after hitting No. 3 on the Triple J Hottest 100 of 2001, with no airplay on commercial radio, it debuted and peaked at No. 14 in February 2002.
It is System of a Down's highest charting single in Australia. In the United States, the song peaked at No. 76, making it the band's lowest peaking song on the Hot 100 due to the fact it was taken off the radio for its political lyrics. On the Modern Rock Tracks, "Chop Suey!" Peaked at No. 7, becoming the band's first top ten single. In the UK Singles Chart, it debuted and peaked at No. 17. "Chop Suey!" Official Music Video on YouTube "Chop Suey!" Live Performance Video on YouTube Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
Godzilla is a monster originating from a series of Japanese films of the same name. The character first appeared in Ishirō Honda's 1954 film Godzilla and became a worldwide pop culture icon, appearing in various media, including 32 films produced by Toho, three Hollywood films and numerous video games, comic books and television shows, it is dubbed the King of the Monsters, a phrase first used in Godzilla, King of the Monsters!, the Americanized version of the original film. Godzilla is depicted as an enormous, prehistoric sea monster awakened and empowered by nuclear radiation. With the nuclear bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the Lucky Dragon 5 incident still fresh in the Japanese consciousness, Godzilla was conceived as a metaphor for nuclear weapons; as the film series expanded, some stories took on less serious undertones, portraying Godzilla as an antihero, or a lesser threat who defends humanity. With the end of the Cold War, several post-1984 Godzilla films shifted the character's portrayal to themes including Japan's forgetfulness over its imperial past, natural disasters and the human condition.
Godzilla has been featured alongside many supporting characters. It has faced human opponents such as the JSDF, or other monsters, including King Ghidorah and Mechagodzilla. Godzilla sometimes has allies, such as Rodan and Anguirus, offspring, such as Minilla and Godzilla Junior. Godzilla has fought characters from other franchises in crossover media, such as the RKO Pictures/Universal Studios movie monster King Kong and the Marvel Comics characters S. H. I. E. L. D; the Fantastic Four and the Avengers. Gojira is a portmanteau of the Japanese words: gorira and kujira, fitting because in one planning stage, Godzilla was described as "a cross between a gorilla and a whale", alluding to its size and aquatic origin. One popular story is that "Gojira" was the nickname of a corpulent stagehand at Toho Studio. Kimi Honda, the widow of the director, dismissed this in a 1998 BBC documentary devoted to Godzilla, "The backstage boys at Toho loved to joke around with tall stories". Godzilla's name was written in ateji as Gojira, where the kanji are used for phonetic value and not for meaning.
The Japanese pronunciation of the name is. In the Hepburn romanization system, Godzilla's name is rendered as "Gojira", whereas in the Kunrei romanization system it is rendered as "Gozira". During the development of the American version of Godzilla Raids Again, Godzilla's name was changed to "Gigantis", a move initiated by producer Paul Schreibman, who wanted to create a character distinct from Godzilla. Within the context of the Japanese films, Godzilla's exact origins vary, but it is depicted as an enormous, prehistoric sea monster awakened and empowered by nuclear radiation. Although the specific details of Godzilla's appearance have varied over the years, the overall impression has remained consistent. Inspired by the fictional Rhedosaurus created by animator Ray Harryhausen for the film The Beast from 20,000 Fathoms, Godzilla's iconic character design was conceived as that of an amphibious reptilian monster based around the loose concept of a dinosaur with an erect standing posture, scaly skin, an anthropomorphic torso with muscular arms, lobed bony plates along its back and tail, a furrowed brow.
Art director Akira Watanabe combined attributes of a Tyrannosaurus, an Iguanodon, a Stegosaurus and an alligator to form a sort of blended chimera, inspired by illustrations from an issue of Life magazine. To emphasise the monster's relationship with the atomic bomb, its skin texture was inspired by the keloid scars seen on survivors in Hiroshima; the basic design has a reptilian visage, a robust build, an upright posture, a long tail and three rows of serrated plates along the back. In the original film, the plates were added for purely aesthetic purposes, in order to further differentiate Godzilla from any other living or extinct creature. Godzilla is sometimes depicted as green in comics and movie posters, but the costumes used in the movies were painted charcoal grey with bone-white dorsal plates up until the film Godzilla 2000. Godzilla's signature weapon is its "atomic heat beam", nuclear energy that it generates inside of its body and unleashes from its jaws in the form of a blue or red radioactive beam.
Toho's special effects department has used various techniques to render the beam, from physical gas-powered flames to hand-drawn or computer-generated fire. Godzilla is shown to possess immense physical muscularity. Haruo Nakajima, the actor who played Godzilla in the original films, was a black belt in judo and used his expertise to choreograph the battle sequences. Godzilla can breathe underwater and is described in the original film by the character Dr. Yamane as a transitional form between a marine and a terrestrial reptile. Godzilla is shown to have great vitality: it is immune to conventional weaponry thanks to its rugged hide and ability to regenerate and as a result of surviving a nuclear explosion, it cannot be destroyed by anything less powerful. Various films, television shows and games have depicted Godzilla with additional powers, such as an atomic pulse, precognition, fireballs, an electric bite, superhuman speed, eye beams and flight. Godzilla's allegiance and motivations have changed from film to film to suit the needs of the story.
Although Godzilla does not like humans, it will fight alongside humanity against common threats. However, it makes no special effort to protect human life or prope
Sum 41 is a Canadian rock band from Ajax, Ontario. A band called Kaspir, the band was formed in 1996 and consists of lead vocalist and keyboardist Deryck Whibley and backing vocalist Dave Baksh, guitarist and backing vocalist Tom Thacker and backing vocalist Jason McCaslin, drummer Frank Zummo. In 1999, Sum 41 signed an international record deal with Island Records and released its first EP, Half Hour of Power, in 2000; the band released its debut album, All Killer No Filler, in 2001. The album achieved mainstream success with its first single, "Fat Lip", which reached number one on the Billboard Modern Rock Tracks chart and remains the band's most successful single to date; the album's next singles "In Too Deep" and "Motivation" achieved commercial success. All Killer No Filler was certified Platinum in the United States and the United Kingdom. In 2002, the band released Does This Look Infected?, a commercial and critical success. The singles "The Hell Song" and "Still Waiting" both charted on the modern rock charts.
The band released its next album, Chuck, in 2004, led by singles "We're All to Blame" and "Pieces". The album proved successful, peaking at number 10 on the Billboard 200. In 2007, the band released Underclass Hero, met with a mixed reception, but gained some commercial success, becoming the band's highest charting album to date, it was the band's last album on Aquarius Records. The band released the album Screaming Bloody Murder, on Island Records in 2011 to a positive reception, though it fell short of its predecessors' commercial success; the band's sixth studio album, 13 Voices was released in 2016. |Impala]] awarded the album with a double gold award for 150,000 sold copies across Europe. The band performs more than 300 times each year and holds long global tours, most of which last more than a year; the group have been nominated for seven Juno Awards and won twice – Group of the Year in 2002, Rock Album of the Year for Chuck in 2005. Sum 41 was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Hard Rock/Metal Performance for the song "Blood in My Eyes".
Sum 41 was formed by lead vocalist and rhythm guitarist Deryck Whibley and drummer Steve Jocz, under the name Kaspir after Whibley convinced Jocz to join his band. Jocz was a drummer in another band and Whibley was convinced that "he was the best drummer around". After having several lead guitarists and lead vocalists try out for the band, the duo added Dave Baksh as lead guitarist in order for Whibley to take over as lead vocalist; the group went through several bassists before picking Jason McCaslin to complete its line-up. The group members decided to change the band's name for a Supernova show on September 28, 1996, which happened to be the 41st day of their summer vacation. In 1998, the band recorded a demo tape on compact cassette which they sent to record companies in the hope of getting a recording contract; the tapes are considered rarities. From 1999 to 2000, the band recorded several new songs; the Introduction to Destruction and the Cross The T's and Gouge Your I's DVDs both contain the self-recorded footage, which show the band performing a dance to "Makes No Difference" in front of a theatre.
Sum 41's first EP, Half Hour of Power, was released on June 27, 2000. The first single released by the band was "Makes No Difference", which had two different music videos; the first video was put together using the video clips sent to the record label, the second showed the band performing at a house party. The album was certified gold in Canada. Following the success of the EP, the band began working on its first full-length album. Sum 41's first full-length album, All Killer No Filler, was released on May 8, 2001; the album was successful. "Fat Lip", the album's first single, achieved commercial success. The song remains the band's most successful to date. After "Fat Lip", two more singles were released from the album: "In Too Deep" and "Motivation". "In Too Deep" peaked at number 10 on the Modern Rock Tracks chart, while "Motivation" peaked at number 24 on the same chart. The album peaked at number 13 on the Billboard 200 chart and at number nine on the Top Canadian Albums chart; the album was a commercial success, was certified Platinum in the United States, Canada and in the UK.
The album's name was taken from the initial reaction from Joe Mcgrath, an engineer working in the studio. The success of the album brought the band touring offers with mainstream bands such as Blink-182 and The Offspring; the band spent much of 2001 touring. On November 26, 2002, the group released its second album, Does This Look Infected? The special edition came with Cross The T's and Gouge Your I's. Whibley said of the album: "We don't want to make another record that sounds like the last record, I hate when bands repeat albums." The album featured a harder and edgier sound, the lyrics featured a more serious outlook. The album peaked at number 32 on the Billboard 200 chart and at number eight on the Top Canadian Albums chart, it was certified Platinum in Canada and gold in the United States, but was not as successful as its predecessor. The first single released from the album was "Still Waiting", which peaked at number seven on the Modern Rock Tracks chart; the second single, "The Hell Song" peaked at number 13 on the chart.
"The Hell Song"'s music video depicted the band members using dolls with their pictures on them and others, such as Ozzy Osbourne and Pamela Anders
Compact disc is a digital optical disc data storage format, co-developed by Philips and Sony and released in 1982. The format was developed to store and play only sound recordings but was adapted for storage of data. Several other formats were further derived from these, including write-once audio and data storage, rewritable media, Video Compact Disc, Super Video Compact Disc, Photo CD, PictureCD, CD-i, Enhanced Music CD; the first commercially available audio CD player, the Sony CDP-101, was released October 1982 in Japan. Standard CDs have a diameter of 120 millimetres and can hold up to about 80 minutes of uncompressed audio or about 700 MiB of data; the Mini CD has various diameters ranging from 60 to 80 millimetres. At the time of the technology's introduction in 1982, a CD could store much more data than a personal computer hard drive, which would hold 10 MB. By 2010, hard drives offered as much storage space as a thousand CDs, while their prices had plummeted to commodity level. In 2004, worldwide sales of audio CDs, CD-ROMs and CD-Rs reached about 30 billion discs.
By 2007, 200 billion CDs had been sold worldwide. From the early 2000s CDs were being replaced by other forms of digital storage and distribution, with the result that by 2010 the number of audio CDs being sold in the U. S. had dropped about 50% from their peak. In 2014, revenues from digital music services matched those from physical format sales for the first time. American inventor James T. Russell has been credited with inventing the first system to record digital information on an optical transparent foil, lit from behind by a high-power halogen lamp. Russell's patent application was filed in 1966, he was granted a patent in 1970. Following litigation and Philips licensed Russell's patents in the 1980s; the compact disc is an evolution of LaserDisc technology, where a focused laser beam is used that enables the high information density required for high-quality digital audio signals. Prototypes were developed by Sony independently in the late 1970s. Although dismissed by Philips Research management as a trivial pursuit, the CD became the primary focus for Philips as the LaserDisc format struggled.
In 1979, Sony and Philips set up a joint task force of engineers to design a new digital audio disc. After a year of experimentation and discussion, the Red Book CD-DA standard was published in 1980. After their commercial release in 1982, compact discs and their players were popular. Despite costing up to $1,000, over 400,000 CD players were sold in the United States between 1983 and 1984. By 1988, CD sales in the United States surpassed those of vinyl LPs, by 1992 CD sales surpassed those of prerecorded music cassette tapes; the success of the compact disc has been credited to the cooperation between Philips and Sony, which together agreed upon and developed compatible hardware. The unified design of the compact disc allowed consumers to purchase any disc or player from any company, allowed the CD to dominate the at-home music market unchallenged. In 1974, Lou Ottens, director of the audio division of Philips, started a small group with the aim to develop an analog optical audio disc with a diameter of 20 cm and a sound quality superior to that of the vinyl record.
However, due to the unsatisfactory performance of the analog format, two Philips research engineers recommended a digital format in March 1974. In 1977, Philips established a laboratory with the mission of creating a digital audio disc; the diameter of Philips's prototype compact disc was set at 11.5 cm, the diagonal of an audio cassette. Heitaro Nakajima, who developed an early digital audio recorder within Japan's national public broadcasting organization NHK in 1970, became general manager of Sony's audio department in 1971, his team developed a digital PCM adaptor audio tape recorder using a Betamax video recorder in 1973. After this, in 1974 the leap to storing digital audio on an optical disc was made. Sony first publicly demonstrated an optical digital audio disc in September 1976. A year in September 1977, Sony showed the press a 30 cm disc that could play 60 minutes of digital audio using MFM modulation. In September 1978, the company demonstrated an optical digital audio disc with a 150-minute playing time, 44,056 Hz sampling rate, 16-bit linear resolution, cross-interleaved error correction code—specifications similar to those settled upon for the standard compact disc format in 1980.
Technical details of Sony's digital audio disc were presented during the 62nd AES Convention, held on 13–16 March 1979, in Brussels. Sony's AES technical paper was published on 1 March 1979. A week on 8 March, Philips publicly demonstrated a prototype of an optical digital audio disc at a press conference called "Philips Introduce Compact Disc" in Eindhoven, Netherlands. Sony executive Norio Ohga CEO and chairman of Sony, Heitaro Nakajima were convinced of the format's commercial potential and pushed further development despite widespread skepticism; as a result, in 1979, Sony and Philips set up a joint task force of engineers to design a new digital audio disc. Led by engineers Kees Schouhamer Immink and Toshitada Doi, the research pushed forward laser and optical disc technology. After a year of experimentation and discussion, the task force produced the Red Book CD-DA standard. First published in 1980, the stand