A week is a time unit equal to seven days. It is the standard time period used for cycles of rest days in most parts of the world alongside—although not part of—the Gregorian calendar. In many languages, the days of the week are named after classical gods of a pantheon. In English, the names are Sunday, Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday. ISO 8601 includes the ISO week date system, a numbering system for weeks within a given year – each week begins on a Monday and is associated with the year that contains that week's Thursday. ISO 8601 assigns numbers to the days of the week; the term "week" is sometimes expanded to refer to other time units comprising a few days, such as the nundinal cycle of the ancient Roman calendar, the "work week", or "school week" referring only to the days spent on those activities. The English word week comes from the Old English wice from a Common Germanic *wikōn-, from a root *wik- "turn, change"; the Germanic word had a wider meaning prior to the adoption of the Roman calendar "succession series", as suggested by Gothic wikō translating taxis "order" in Luke 1:8.
The seven-day week is named in many languages by a word derived from "seven". The archaism sennight preserves the old Germanic practice of reckoning time by nights, as in the more common fortnight. Hebdomad and hebdomadal week both derive from the Greek hebdomás; the obsolete septimane is cognate with the Romance terms derived from Latin septimana. Slavic has a formation *tъdьnь, from *tъ "this" + *dьnь "day". Chinese has 星期, as it were "planetary time unit". A week is defined as an interval of seven days, so that technically, except at daylight saving time transitions or leap seconds, 1 week = 7 days = 168 hours = 10,080 minutes = 604,800 seconds. With respect to the Gregorian calendar: 1 Gregorian calendar year = 52 weeks + 1 day 1 week = 1600⁄6957 ≈ 22.9984% of an average Gregorian monthIn a Gregorian mean year, there are 365.2425 days, thus 52 71⁄400 or 52.1775 weeks. There are 20,871 weeks in 400 Gregorian years, so 11 April 1619 was a Thursday just as was 11 April 2019. Relative to the path of the Moon, a week is 23.659% of an average lunation or 94.637% of an average quarter lunation.
The system of dominical letters has been used to facilitate calculation of the day of week. The day of the week can be calculated given a date's Julian day number: Adding one to the remainder after dividing the Julian day number by seven yields that date's ISO 8601 day of the week; the days of the week were named for the classical planets. This naming system persisted alongside an "ecclesiastical" tradition of numbering the days, in ecclesiastical Latin beginning with dominica as the first day; the Greco-Roman gods associated with the classical planets were rendered in their interpretatio germanica at some point during the late Roman Empire, yielding the Germanic tradition of names based on indigenous deities. The ordering of the weekday names is not the classical order of the planets. Instead, the planetary hours systems resulted in succeeding days being named for planets that are three places apart in their traditional listing; this characteristic was discussed in Plutarch in a treatise written in c.
AD 100, reported to have addressed the question of Why are the days named after the planets reckoned in a different order from the actual order?. An ecclesiastical, non-astrological, system of numbering the days of the week was adopted in Late Antiquity; this model seems to have influenced the designation of Wednesday as "mid-week" in Old High German and Old Church Slavonic. Old Church Slavonic may have modeled the name of Monday, понєдѣльникъ, after the Latin feria secunda; the ecclesiastical system became prevalent in Eastern Christianity, but in the Latin West it remains extant only in modern Icelandic and Portuguese. A continuous seven-day cycle that runs throughout history paying no attention whatsoever to the phases of the moon was first practised in Judaism, dated to the 6th century BC at the latest. There are several hypotheses concerning the origin of the biblical seven-day cycle. Friedrich Delitzsch and others suggested that the seven-day week being a quarter of a lunation is the implicit astronomical origin of the seven-day week, indeed the Babylonian calendar used intercalary days to synchronize the last week of a month with the new moon.
According to this theory, the Jewish week was adopted from the Babylonians while removing the moon-dependency. However, Niels-Erik Andreasen, Jeffrey H. Tigay, others claimed that the Biblical Sabbath is mentioned as a day of rest in some of the earliest layers of the Pentateuch dated to the 9th century BC at the latest, centuries before Judea's Babylonian exile, they find the resemblance between the Biblical Sabbat
Weak (Melanie C song)
"Weak" is a song by English singer-songwriter Melanie C from her fifth studio album The Sea. It was released as the third single from the album on 6 November 2011; the song was produced by Andy Chatterley. "Weak" was a contrast from the previous dance-pop single "Think About It". "Weak" was described a stirring pop ballad that covered the range of emotions faced when you break up with a loved one. Reviews of the single were positive, "Entertainment Focus" stated "Weak is one of the highlights from The Sea and finds Melanie on fine vocal form. A slow-building beat backs Melanie’s distinctive vocals as she sings about being too weak to leave a relationship, no good for her; the bridge is powerful with Melanie’s vocals sending shivers down your spine as she lets rip". The single was placed on the BBC Radio 2 "A-list Radio Playlist". Melanie C performed the song on The Sea – Live tour. Directed by Michael Baldwin, the music video premiered a week before the single dropped, the video showed Melanie in a London hotel room.
The video shows the premise of her former lover dancing with another woman, whilst she is still in pain and suffering. The video has attracted over 500,000 views on YouTube; the b-side "Stronger" was released as part of the digital bundle and limited edition CD release of "Weak" and "Let There Be Love". Melanie co-wrote'Stronger' with Shelly Poole and Norwegian song writing and production duo Jim & Jack; the single "Weak" entered the UK Indie Singles Chart at number 29. The single was within the top 60 most played songs in UK on radio though it failed to reach the top 200 of the UK Singles Chart; the "Weak" EP reached number 1 in the Greek iTunes Chart. These are the formats and track listings of major single releases of "Weak". Digital download"Weak" "Stronger" "Weak" "Weak" Limited edition CD"Weak" "Stronger"
Weak (AJR song)
"Weak" is a song by American indie pop band AJR. It was first released on their EP What Everyone's Thinking on September 16, 2016, by their own label AJR Productions, was featured on their second studio album The Click. In an interview, the band explained that the song is about balancing the need to give in to temptation with the importance of staying strong and resisting an urge. "Weak" was accompanied by a lyric video afterwards as a single release on October 20, 2016. As of February 7, 2017, the lyric video has amassed 1.5 million views. A music video for the song was released on March 9, 2017. After the release of its lyric video, the song debuted on the Swedish chart at number 88, at number 81 in Switzerland, it entered the top 100 in Austria, Italy and the United Kingdom. In the Benelux, The Netherlands and Luxembourg, the song was used multiple times in the television show: "Temptation Island". An official remix of the song, titled "Weak", was released on April 28, 2017; this version of the song features vocals from English singer-songwriter Louisa Johnson.
The remix charted on Tophit's Russia Airplay chart, peaking at number 6
Weak (Skunk Anansie song)
"Weak" is a song by Skunk Anansie, released as their fourth single. It was the last release to be taken from their debut album Sunburnt; the song is one of Skunk Anansie's well known releases, a favourite at festivals. Skin performs a slower, more ballad-like version at many of her solo gigs; the song has been covered by Rod Stewart on his 1998 album "When We Were the New Boys". The music video was directed by duo Tongs, it is filmed from the point of view of a collapsed cameraman in what appears to be an airport hangar. The cameraman collapses behind a car which drives off to show the lead singer and the band forming to perform for the offset camera; the recording is interrupted by a little boy who, after being pulled out of the way of the camera abruptly, decides to run off with it and the band gives chase after him. Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
Gravity (Westlife album)
Gravity is the tenth studio album by the Irish boy band Westlife and it was released on 22 November 2010 in the United Kingdom. John Shanks produced each song; the album was preceded by the lead single, "Safe", released at 14 November 2010. This is the group's final album under Syco Music; as of November 2011, the album had sold 358,943 in the UK. On 19 July 2010, it was reported by RTÉ. A Westlife insider said: "It's a major coup for Westlife to get this producer - he's produced all the big acts from Bon Jovi to the Backstreet Boys and Take That. "They weren't able to get him. They're thrilled that he's agreed to work with them on this album." It stated that the recording process started in July 2010. The band confirmed the album's recording and mixing was finished in October 2010, they recorded the songs in Los Angeles, Dublin and London, England. On 17 September 2010, Egan flashed that the first single for the album was picked by Cowell and a 30-second snippet was played on X Factor UK. Afterwards, Feehily initiated the #westlife11album and #westlifeSAFE as a trending topic on Twitter, followed by others worldwide to be a top trending topic.
The album was released on 15 November 2010. In addition, Egan expressed what he felt on during recording Gravity: "It's hard to believe this is our 11th album but performing is our passion and it would seem like throwing it all away if we stopped.""Both us and Take That go for epic pop songs but them taking Robbie back hasn't made us think about Brian McFadden returning. It would feel odd to have a fifth person back on stage with us". In addition Westlife told Digital Spy: "We'd wanted to work with him for a long time, but all his loyalty was to Take That and he didn't want to work with another boyband," "We'd been asking him and asking, but within moments of Take That deciding to go and work with Stuart Price, he said yes to us straight away. Afterwards he said he'd wanted to work with us for a long time, but he just couldn't do the Take That thing and the Westlife thing because they were too close." "John created a sound for us in the same way he created a sound for Take That, a sound for Bon Jovi and a sound for all the other incredible artists he's worked with," "He created a sound for Westlife that we haven't had before - it's not a massive departure, but it's a step up in terms of production."
Filan revealed that the group is in the process of selecting 12 or 13 songs for the album's final track listing from a pool of 16, with all but "one or two" to be originals. On 22 October 2010, Shanks stated that they have finished the Westlife record, all approved by Cowell. Shanks stated. On 27 October 2010, the album main release date was changed to 22 November 2010. On 25 October 2010, Feehily unveiled the final track listing on his official Twitter page as follows: On 1 November 2010, Mark confirmed the two cover songs on the album are, "Chances" by Athlete and "The Reason" by Hoobastank. In the November 2010 issue of Hello Magazine they told them about their competition with Take That and Walsh and Cowell's involvement in the album, "You need competition to keep you on your toes". On 2 November 2010, the 30-second snippet of each songs from the album were posted on Amazon.co.uk. On 5 November 2010, In Demand FM played the full track of "Beautiful Tonight" with an interview of the band. On 7 November 2010, they performed "I Will Reach You" on BBC Radio 2.
On 14 November 2010, RTÉ 2fm played "I Will Reach You", "The Reason", "I Get Weak" from the album for the first time worldwide. In an interview with AOL Music UK, Westlife described the creative process of the album as "breath of fresh air". "It's a new beginning for Westlife" is how singer Shane Filan described working with legendary pop producer John Shanks. The album cover was first displayed on the music record sites as "Westlife" with black background and white-colored lettering. On 22 October 2010, they released an exclusive video of the album photo shoot to the press and on their official sites; the official photographer of the shoot was Kevin Feehily as the creative director. They decided to go for a chic black and white design and in the pics, the band are all dressed down in jeans and T-shirts. "Mark, Kian and Shane stand separately in a line facing the camera on the Gravity front cover, with Shane leaning cheekily on Nicky's shoulder," On 13 October 2010, they announced the album title Gravity and trended worldwide on Twitter as #westlifegravity after the announcement.
Band member Mark Feehily adopted the album title suggested by a fan and confirmed it on his Twitter account first. Redcorvette09 or Fiona Reynoldson, the chosen fan explains "Gravity" from the Safe lyrics. Maybe it's a dedication to your partners and how they've kept you grounded...or maybe about the music always drawing you back in for another album! Could have several meanings." Egan said to the press people that the band will give something special to the chosen fan but it was yet undecided. Main article: Safe, Gravity Tour "Safe" was the lead single from the album, released on 14 November in the UK, their debut performance of the track was on the X Factor the release. It peaked at No. 10 in its first week making it their lowest charting lead single to date in the UK, as well as their lowest sales for a lead single. "Beautiful Tonight" was confirmed as the follow-up single on the third week of January through the Daily Star. The release date is yet to
Law & Order: Special Victims Unit (season 6)
The sixth season of the television series, Law & Order: Special Victims Unit premiered September 21, 2004 and ended May 24, 2005 on NBC. It aired on Tuesday nights at 10pm/9c. In January 2005, when the season was halfway through airing, Mariska Hargitay won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress - Television Series Drama becoming the first regular cast member of any Law & Order series to win a Golden Globe. Emmy Ann Wooding, a long time assistant at Wolf Films, died in a car accident while the sixth season was being filmed; the seventh episode "Charisma" was dedicated to her memory. Towards the end of the season, Law & Order: Special Victims Unit crossed over with the third Law & Order spin-off, Law & Order: Trial by Jury with two episodes: "Night" in SVU and "Day" in TBJ. In the episode Casey Novak is beaten unconscious by an Islamic fundamentalist. In an interview for USA Network, Diane Neal, who did her own stunts, revealed that she indeed passed out due to an error in how they acted out the scene.
In an interview about Season 6, Mariska Hargitay mentioned that filming of the night time scenes took place on Tuesday and Friday nights — when finished episodes were airing. The same interview explained how she provided input to the writing of the episode "Doubt". Hargitay, a trained rape crisis counsellor, said "I made Neal take a tour of the rape treatment center; because once I became a counselor I could say,'No, this isn't how we do it.'" "Doubt", noted for not revealing the jury's verdict, focused on a student and her professor and the difficulty in determining whether their encounter was rape or consensual sex. NBC conducted an online poll which revealed that 60% of the viewers were in favor of a "not guilty" verdict. Filming of the episode ran long because of a truck. According to producer Gail Barringer "It was at night and we had a long delay, we went late. It's the worst feeling to keep looking at your watch. We want it all to be perfect, but your watch just screams at you."During the sixth season, sound mixer Bill Daly, with the show since its inception, elaborated on the audio equipment used by SVU.
This included Lectrosonics receivers and interruptible foldbacks set up so that everything was wireless. All main cast members present at the end of the fifth season returned for the sixth. Stephanie March, who left the show early in Season 5, returned as Alexandra Cabot in the sixteenth episode "Ghost". In the episode "Outcry", John Schuck played the NYPD's Chief of Detectives which became a recurring part; the episodes "Weak", "Contagious" and "Identity" starred Mary Stuart Masterson as Dr. Rebecca Hendrix, a psychiatrist and former cop; this gave Masterson. After confirming that Hendrix was needed while BD Wong was acting in theatre, Neal Baer stated that the character gave him an opportunity to introduce a conflict between Benson and Stabler and said "Stabler hasn't always felt warmly toward psychiatry, but he does warm up to this character -, both a cop and a shrink." The character Dr. Amy Solwey from the fifth season returned in the episode "Parts". Played by Marlee Matlin, Neal Baer said "Munch got involved with her character, we thought, that's moving‚ let's bring her back."
Christopher Meloni as Det. Elliot Stabler Mariska Hargitay as Det. Olivia Benson Richard Belzer as Det. John Munch Diane Neal as ADA Casey Novak Ice-T as Det. Fin Tutuola BD Wong as Dr. George Huang Dann Florek as Capt. Don Cragen In the season premiere "Birthright", Lea Thompson starred as a mother who lets her maternal instincts go out of control, her character arranged for the kidnapping of a girl played by Abigail Breslin. Neal Baer opined in an interview that "The premiere with Lea Thompson moved people." In the same interview, Baer said. It gave you a sense of Chinatown that you don't see on TV." In "Debt", Ming-Na played a woman who gets in over her head with a Chinese gang specializing in smuggling and extortion. The third episode "Obscene" starred Lewis Black as a shock jock whose right to free speech comes under attack; this is prompted by an overprotective mother played by Dana Delany. SVU writers wrote the part with her in mind. According to Delany, "It deals with a Howard Stern type character.
I think it presents both sides of the argument well." Kyle MacLachlan starred in the episode "Conscience" as a grieving father who notices an opportunity to eliminate a sociopath. MacLachlan pointed out "I took matters into my own hands and got away with it, one of the few times on SVU that that happens." The episode "Charisma" saw Jeff Kober play a manipulative cult leader. Mariska Hargitay described his character as "The most charismatic, genius-like serial-killer-cult-leader that doesn't think he's doing anything wrong." For her performance in "Weak", Amanda Plummer won the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Drama Series. Plummer played Miranda Cole, a paranoid schizophrenic who struggles to recount the details of her rape. Dallas Roberts played her attacker. In "Contagious", child actress Jennette McCurdy played Holly Purcell, a traumatized nine-year-old rape victim. For an interview in 2008, McCurdy wrote "My favorite job to this day has been Law and Order: SVU. I played a girl, badly abused, so the part involved lots of crying and seriousness."In "Haunted", Ernest Waddell made his first of what would become several appearances as Fin Tutuola's son Ken Randall.
The character had been never shown. Neal Baer stated that the plan to reveal family members slow
Stefan Uroš V
Saint Stefan Uroš V, known in historiography as Uroš the Weak, was the second Emperor of the Serbian Empire, before that he was Serbian King and co-ruler with his father, Emperor Stefan Dušan. Stefan Uroš V was the only son of Stefan Uroš IV Dušan by Helena of Bulgaria, the sister of Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria, he had been crowned as king in the capacity of heir and co-ruler after Dušan was crowned emperor in 1346. Although by the time of his succession as sole ruler and emperor in 1355 Stefan Uroš V was no longer a minor, he remained dependent on his mother and various members of the court; the account of the contemporary John VI Kantakouzenos describes a descent of the Serbian Empire into desintegration soon after death of Uroš' father and his accession. However, Kantakouzenos focused on the Greek lands rather than the Serbian core lands. Further the general disorder long with the powerlessness of the center represents the situation that arose much in Uroš's reign. According to Mihaljčić, during the initial years of his rule the threats to the territorial integrity of Uroš's empire in the south came from external attacks.
The death of Uroš's father was followed by the death of Preljub, who governed Thessaly. In the spring of 1356, Nikephoros Orsini landed a force on the coast of Thessaly and overran it, he followed up this success by driving despot Simeon Uroš from Aetolia and Acarnania. Simeon was paternal uncle and the closest male relative of young Emperor Uroš. Retreating to Epirus and western Macedonia, he seized Kostur and proclaimed himself Tsar in hope of becoming co-ruler, or replace young Uroš on the Serbian throne, his claim was not welcomed, the support he gained was limited to the some southern regions. The Sabor held in Skoplje did not accept Simeon's claims and following the endorsement of the magnates, Uroš became more energetic in his political activities, publishing a number of charters. In 1358, Simeon attacked the Skadar region, trying to capture the old Serbia region of Zeta, but was defeated. Defeated in the north, Simeon again turned to south, retaking Epirus and Thessaly in 1359, where he continued to rule with the title "emperor of Serbs and Greeks".
There is one account, early in his reign, in contrast to his general record of incompetence. In 1356, Matthew Kantakouzenos, a pretender to the Byzantine throne, gathered an army of 5,000 Turks and marched on Serres, the Serbian-held capital of Jovan Uglješa. Uroš V, whose mother ruled from Serres, decided to raise an army to defend his mother. In 1357, when Matthew and his Turks attacked, the Serbian army under Vojihna of Drama came to aid; the Turks were defeated. Matthew Kantakouzenos was captured and held hostage until his ransom was paid by the Byzantine Emperor John V Palaiologos. In following years, Serbian Empire fragmented into a conglomeration of principalities, some of which did not nominally acknowledge Uroš's rule, his position was not helped by his mother Helena, who started to rule autonomously from Serres in alliance with Jovan Uglješa. A autonomous posture was assumed by the Dejanović family, the Balšić family, Nikola Altomanović. By 1365, the most powerful Serbian nobleman became Uglješa's brother Vukašin Mrnjavčević who became co-ruler with Emperor Uroš and was granted the title of Serbian King.
By 1369, as Uroš was childless, Vukašin designated his eldest son Prince Marko as hair to the throne, with the title of "young king". Stefan Uroš V died childless in December 1371, after much of the Serbian nobility had been destroyed by the Turks in the Battle of Maritsa earlier that year; the exact cause of his death at a young age remains unknown. Vukašin's son Prince Marko inherited his father's royal title, but real power in northern Serbia was held by Lazar Hrebeljanović; the latter did not assume the imperial or royal titles, in 1377 accepted King Tvrtko I of Bosnia as titular king of Serbia. Serbia proper became a vassal of the Ottomans in 1390, but remained ruled by the Lazarević family and by their Branković successors until the fall of Smederevo in 1459. Following the great conquests of his father, Uroš became a victim of new nobles in a Serbia enriched by recent war and pillaging; the maintaining of order and state instruments was impossible because of weak or nonexistent infrastructure between the old and new territories.
The exceptional modesty and tolerance of this ruler was the main reason he was called "the weak", the reason he was canonized 211 years after his death. Stefan Uroš V was canonized by the Serbian Orthodox Church, his body is kept in the Jazak monastery on Fruška Gora mountain. Today, Stefan Uroš V is viewed in contrast to his able and strong-willed father, as a lacking and indecisive ruler, unable to keep the Serbian nobility under his control, whose weak and unassertive personality contributed to the fall of the Empire and the eventual destruction of the Serbian state by the Ottomans. In Serbian folklore and epic poems he is described as a just, well-intentioned ruler of pleasant appearance but weak character. While this view is popular among historians as well, some argue that he was not incompetent in his role as Emperor of Serbia, that the decline of the empire was much less spectacular and started much into his rule than popular opinion suggests. For a long time, it was considered a historical fact that he was murdered by his co-ruler, Vukašin Mrnjavčević, but Vukašin was pro