Startpage is a web search engine which highlights privacy as its distinguishing feature. It was known as the metasearch engine Ixquick, Startpage being a variant service. Both sites were merged in 2016. Ixquick was founded by David Bodnick in 1998 and has been owned by Startpage B. V. based in the Netherlands, since acquiring the internet company in 2000. Ixquick and its sibling project Startpage.com reached their latest record daily direct queries of 5.7 million on 2 February 2015. The company provides the stand-alone proxy service, Startpage.com Proxy, incorporated into the Startpage search engine, allowing users the option to open all search results via proxy. The company has developed a privacy protecting email service, called StartMail; this service was released to the public in 2014. Ixquick was created in 1998 by David Bodnick in a graduate from Brown University, it received the tagline "Most powerful meta search engine on the web!". It provided metasearch for 14 different web and directory search engines, as well as images, news and MP3 engines.
Results were sorted after evaluating. Ixquick was given the highest ratings search engine by Search Engine Watch and ZDNet's SearchIQ; the site received a facelift in 2000, with a dark-blue theme incorporating the planet Earth, with the tagline "the world's most powerful metasearch engine!". Dutch company Surfboard Holding BV, based in Zeist, purchased Ixquick in 2000; the company changed its name to Startpage BV in 2013. Ixquick was re-launched on 23 March 2005 with new features including a redesigned metasearch algorithm, an international phone, lowest-price directory. On 27 June 2006, following criticism of Google Shopping, Ixquick.com began to delete private details of its users. IP addresses and other personal information were deleted within 48 hours of a search. Ixquick has stated that it does not share its users' personal information with other search engines or with the provider of its sponsored results. Ixquick was awarded the first European Privacy Seal for its privacy practices on 14 July 2008.
This European Union-sponsored initiative guarantees compliance with EU laws and regulations on data security and privacy, through a series of design and technical audits. It was re-certified together with Startpage in 2009, 2011, 2013 and 2015. On 28 January 2009, Ixquick ended the recording of user IP addresses. On 7 July 2009 Ixquick launched Startpage.com to offer its service at a URL, both easier to remember and spell, in contrast to ixquick.eu, fetches results from the Google search engine. This is done without saving the users' IP addresses or giving any personal user information to Google's servers. On 29 March 2016, Ixquick.com was "merged" with the same company's Startpage search engine. Users entering ixquick.com are now automatically re-routed to startpage.com. Ixquick had long declared on its sites, that it operated in compliance with European Union privacy standards, it retained its original European search engine, Ixquick.eu, until about April 2018, when it was redirected to startpage.com.
Prior to the release of Tor Browser version 4.5, Startpage.com was its default search engine. While Ixquick aggregated results from multiple search engines, Startpage uses results from Google, which the company pays Google for. Startpage can search in 17 languages: Simplified and Traditional Chinese, Dutch, Finnish, German, Japanese, Norwegian, Portuguese, Spanish and Turkish. Official website
Web search engine
A web search engine or Internet search engine is a software system, designed to carry out web search, which means to search the World Wide Web in a systematic way for particular information specified in a web search query. The search results are presented in a line of results referred to as search engine results pages; the information may be a mix of web pages, videos, articles, research papers and other types of files. Some search engines mine data available in databases or open directories. Unlike web directories, which are maintained only by human editors, search engines maintain real-time information by running an algorithm on a web crawler. Internet content, not capable of being searched by a web search engine is described as the deep web. Internet search engines themselves predate the debut of the Web in December 1990; the Who is user search dates back to 1982 and the Knowbot Information Service multi-network user search was first implemented in 1989. The first well documented search engine that searched content files, namely FTP files was Archie, which debuted on 10 September 1990.
Prior to September 1993, the World Wide Web was indexed by hand. There was a list of webservers hosted on the CERN webserver. One snapshot of the list in 1992 remains, but as more and more web servers went online the central list could no longer keep up. On the NCSA site, new servers were announced under the title "What's New!"The first tool used for searching content on the Internet was Archie. The name stands for "archive" without the "v", it was created by Alan Emtage, Bill Heelan and J. Peter Deutsch, computer science students at McGill University in Montreal, Canada; the program downloaded the directory listings of all the files located on public anonymous FTP sites, creating a searchable database of file names. The rise of Gopher led to two new search programs and Jughead. Like Archie, they searched the file titles stored in Gopher index systems. Veronica provided a keyword search of most Gopher menu titles in the entire Gopher listings. Jughead was a tool for obtaining menu information from specific Gopher servers.
While the name of the search engine "Archie Search Engine" was not a reference to the Archie comic book series, "Veronica" and "Jughead" are characters in the series, thus referencing their predecessor. In the summer of 1993, no search engine existed for the web, though numerous specialized catalogues were maintained by hand. Oscar Nierstrasz at the University of Geneva wrote a series of Perl scripts that periodically mirrored these pages and rewrote them into a standard format; this formed the basis for W3Catalog, the web's first primitive search engine, released on September 2, 1993. In June 1993, Matthew Gray at MIT, produced what was the first web robot, the Perl-based World Wide Web Wanderer, used it to generate an index called'Wandex'; the purpose of the Wanderer was to measure the size of the World Wide Web, which it did until late 1995. The web's second search engine Aliweb appeared in November 1993. Aliweb did not use a web robot, but instead depended on being notified by website administrators of the existence at each site of an index file in a particular format.
JumpStation used a web robot to find web pages and to build its index, used a web form as the interface to its query program. It was thus the first WWW resource-discovery tool to combine the three essential features of a web search engine as described below; because of the limited resources available on the platform it ran on, its indexing and hence searching were limited to the titles and headings found in the web pages the crawler encountered. One of the first "all text" crawler-based search engines was WebCrawler, which came out in 1994. Unlike its predecessors, it allowed users to search for any word in any webpage, which has become the standard for all major search engines since, it was the search engine, known by the public. In 1994, Lycos was launched and became a major commercial endeavor. Soon after, many search engines vied for popularity; these included Magellan, Infoseek, Northern Light, AltaVista. Yahoo! was among the most popular ways for people to find web pages of interest, but its search function operated on its web directory, rather than its full-text copies of web pages.
Information seekers could browse the directory instead of doing a keyword-based search. In 1996, Netscape was looking to give a single search engine an exclusive deal as the featured search engine on Netscape's web browser. There was so much interest that instead Netscape struck deals with five of the major search engines: for $5 million a year, each search engine would be in rotation on the Netscape search engine page; the five engines were Yahoo!, Lycos and Excite. Google adopted the idea of selling search terms in 1998, from a small search engine company named goto.com. This move had a significant effect on the SE business, which went from struggling to one of the most profitable businesses in the Internet. Search engines were known as some of the brightest stars in the Internet investing frenzy that occurred in the late 1990s. Several
Baidu, Inc. incorporated on January 18, 2000, is a Chinese multinational technology company specializing in Internet-related services and products and artificial intelligence, headquartered at the Baidu Campus in Beijing's Haidian District. It is one of the largest internet companies in the world; the holding company of the group is incorporated in the Cayman Islands. Baidu was established in 2000 by Eric Xu. Baidu is ranked 4th overall in the Alexa Internet rankings. Baidu's Global Business Unit, formed under the name of DU Group or DU Apps Studio, is an app developer with various apps and services, it has over 2 billion active users worldwide. Baidu provides an official international and Chinese version of its online digital distribution services Baidu App Store and Shouji Baidu both hosting downloadable content and applications. Baidu's advertisement platform is DU Ad Platform. Baidu's Apollo Project is one of the world's leading autonomous driving and AI programs, with one of the largest partner ecosystems and over 100 global partners as of 2018, including BYD, Microsoft, Nvidia, Daimler AG, ZTE, Ford and Honda.
Baidu has the 2nd largest search engine in the world, held a 76.05% market share in China's search engine market. In December 2007, Baidu became the first Chinese company to be included in the NASDAQ-100 index; as of May 2018, Baidu's market cap rose to US$99 billion. In October 2018, Baidu became the first Chinese firm to join the United States-based computer ethics consortium Partnership on AI. In 1994, Robin Li joined IDD Information Services, a New Jersey division of Dow Jones and Company, where he helped develop software for the online edition of the Wall Street Journal, he worked on developing better algorithms for search engines and remained at IDD Information Services from May 1994 to June 1997. In 1996, while at IDD, Li developed the RankDex site-scoring algorithm for search engines results page ranking and received a US patent for the technology, he used this technology for the Baidu search engine. In 2000, the company Baidu launched in China; the first office was located in a hotel room, near Peking University from where Robin graduated.
In 2003, Baidu launched a news search engine and picture search engine, adopting a special identification technology capable of identifying and grouping the articles. On January 12, 2010, Baidu.com's DNS records in the United States were altered such that browsers to baidu.com were redirected to a website purporting to be the Iranian Cyber Army, thought to be behind the attack on Twitter during the 2009 Iranian election protests, making the proper site unusable for four hours. Internet users were met with a page saying "This site has been attacked by Iranian Cyber Army". Chinese hackers responded by attacking Iranian websites and leaving messages. Baidu launched legal action against Register.com for gross negligence after it was revealed that Register.com's technical support staff changed the email address for Baidu.com on the request of an unnamed individual, despite failing security verification procedures. Once the address had been changed, the individual was able to use the forgotten password feature to have Baidu's domain passwords sent directly to them, allowing them to accomplish the domain hijacking.
On August 6, 2012, the BBC reported that three employees of Baidu were arrested on suspicion that they accepted bribes. The bribes were paid for deleting posts from the forum service. Four people were fired in connection with these arrests. On July 16, 2013, Baidu announced its intention to purchase 91 Wireless from NetDragon. 91 Wireless is best known for its app store, but it has been reported that the app store faces piracy and other legal issues. On August 14, 2013, Baidu announced that its wholly owned subsidiary Baidu Limited has signed a definitive merger agreement to acquire 91 Wireless Web-soft Limited from NetDragon Web-soft Inc. for 1.85 billion dollars in what was reported to be the biggest deal in China's IT sector. On July 31, 2012, Baidu announced. On November 18, 2012, Baidu announced that they would be partnering with Qualcomm to offer free cloud storage to Android users with Snapdragon processors. On August 2, 2013, Baidu launched its Personal Assistant app, designed to help CEOs, managers and the white-collar workers manage their business relationships.
On May 16, 2014, Baidu appointed Dr. Andrew Ng as chief scientist. Dr. Ng will lead Baidu Research in Silicon Beijing. On July 18, 2014, the company launched a Brazilian version of Baidu Busca. On October 9, 2014, Baidu announced acquisition of Brazilian local e-commerce site Peixe Urbano. In April 2017, Baidu announced the launch of its Apollo project, a self-driving vehicle platform in a bid to help drive the development of autonomous cars including vehicle platform, hardware platform, software platform and cloud data services. Baidu plans to launch this project in July this year, before introducing autonomous driving capabilities on highways and open city roads by 2020. In June 2017, Baidu partnered with Continental and Bosch, auto industry suppliers, on automated driving and connected cars. In September 2017, Baidu has rolled out a new portable talking translator that can listen and speak in several different languages. Smaller than a typical smartphone, the 140-gram translation device can be used as a portable Wi-Fi router and is able to operate on networks in 80 countries, it is still under development currently.
Baidu will be inserting artificial intelligence technology into smartphones, through its deep le
HotBot is a owned web search engine using Bing search for its search results. HotBot was launched in May 1996 by HotWired, a tool providing search results served by the Inktomi database; the search engine was co-developed by Inktomi, a four-month-old start-up staffed by University of California, Berkeley students. HotBot was launched using a "new links" strategy of marketing, claiming to index the entire web weekly, more than competitors like AltaVista, its website stated it being the "most complete Web index online" with 54 million documents, its colorful interface and impressive features drew popularity. Directory results were provided by LookSmart and DMOZ from mid-1999. HotBot used search data from Direct Hit Technologies for a period starting February 1999, a tool that used click-through data to manipulate results. Inktomi's SmartCrawl technology, allowing 10 million webpages to be crawled weekly, was incorporated into HotBot in March 1997. HotBot was the 19th most visited website based on web traffic as of 1998.
Lycos acquired HotBot as part of its acquisition of Wired magazine in October 1998 and it was run separately, alongside Lycos's existing search engine. Hereafter, HotBot languished with falling market share. A HotBot NeoPlanet browser was released which integrated HotBot and other Wired and Lycos links. At the end of 2002, HotBot was relaunched as a multiple option search tool, giving users the option to search either the FAST, Inktomi or Teoma databases. In March 2004, Lycos launched a beta release of a free toolbar search product, Lycos HotBot DeskTop, which the company said was "the first product to integrate traditional desktop search with Web search within the browser." The HotBot DeskTop could search the Internet using Inktomi, e-mail folders for Microsoft Outlook or Outlook Express, user documents stored on a hard drive. It incorporated a blocker for pop-up ads and an RSS News Reader syndication. Indexes created to track e-mail and user files remained stored locally to protect user privacy.
Text-based ads were displayed. Lycos licensed dtSearch technology to power the local search options. In July 2011, HotBot was relaunched with a new robot-like mascot, a new logo, a modern site design. In the beta, HotBot became a portal, returning not just web search results, but searches from various Lycos websites, such as News and Weather Zombie; the portal interface lasted for six months, these features were instead reincorporated into the 2012 Lycos website redesign, returning HotBot to a simplified search interface. In October 2016, Lycos sold the Hotbot.com domain name for $155,000 to an unnamed buyer. Afterwards, HotBot transformed into a shopping and money search site, got a new logo. In April 2018, the classic HotBot look and design returned, it turned into a privacy-focused search engine. Official website
EXALEAD is a software company, created in 2000, that provided search platforms and search-based applications for consumer and business users. The company is headquartered in Paris, is a subsidiary of Dassault Systèmes; the company's CloudView product is search and information access software used for both online and enterprise search-based applications as well as enterprise search. CloudView combines Web-scale semantic technologies, rapid drag-and-drop application development and hybrid quantitative/qualitative analytics to deliver a consumer-style information experience to mission-critical business processes. In the case of structured data, the SBA index replaces a traditional relational database structure as the primary vehicle for information access and reporting; the CloudView product is the platform for Exalead's public Web search engine, designed to apply semantic processing and faceted navigation to Web data volumes and usage. Exalead operates an online laboratory which uses the Web as a medium for developing applied technologies for business.
Many of Exalabs projects are developed in conjunction with Exalead's partners in the Quaero project. Exalead was founded in 2000 by François Bourdoncle and Patrice Bertin, began commercializing its products in 2005. Exalead employed 150 people. On 9 June 2010, Dassault Systèmes acquired Exalead for a total amount of 135 million Euros. Since many startups have sprung from Exalead like Dataiku founded by Florian Douetteau, former vice president and CEO of Dataiku, a French analytics software editor. List of enterprise search vendors Comparison of enterprise search software Exalead search engine Exalead product overview at Dassault Systèmes
Bing (search engine)
Bing is a web search engine owned and operated by Microsoft. The service has its origins in Microsoft's previous search engines: MSN Search, Windows Live Search and Live Search. Bing provides a variety of search services, including web, video and map search products, it is developed using ASP. NET. Bing, Microsoft's replacement for Live Search, was unveiled by Microsoft CEO Steve Ballmer on May 28, 2009, at the All Things Digital conference in San Diego, for release on June 1, 2009. Notable new features at the time included the listing of search suggestions while queries are entered and a list of related searches based on semantic technology from Powerset, which Microsoft had acquired in 2008. In July 2009, Microsoft and Yahoo! announced a deal in which Bing would power Yahoo! Search. All Yahoo! Search global customers and partners made the transition by early 2012; the deal was altered in 2015, meaning Yahoo! was only required to use Bing for a "majority" of searches. In October 2011, Microsoft stated that they were working on new back-end search infrastructure with the goal of delivering faster and more relevant search results for users.
Known as "Tiger", the new index-serving technology had been incorporated into Bing globally since August that year. In May 2012, Microsoft announced another redesign of its search engine that includes "Sidebar", a social feature that searches users' social networks for information relevant to the search query; as of October 2018, Bing is the third largest search engine globally, with a query volume of 4.58%, behind Google and Baidu. Yahoo! Search, which Bing powers, has 2.63%. Microsoft launched MSN Search in the third quarter of 1998, using search results from Inktomi, it consisted of a search engine and web crawler. In early 1999, MSN Search launched a version which displayed listings from Looksmart blended with results from Inktomi except for a short time in 1999 when results from AltaVista were used instead. Microsoft decided to make a large investment in web search by building its own web crawler for MSN Search, the index of, updated weekly and sometimes daily; the upgrade started as a beta program in November 2004, came out of beta in February 2005.
This occurred a year after rival Yahoo! Search rolled out its own crawler too. Image search was powered by Picsearch; the service started providing its search results to other search engine portals in an effort to better compete in the market. The first public beta of Windows Live Search was unveiled on March 8, 2006, with the final release on September 11, 2006 replacing MSN Search; the new search engine used search tabs that include Web, images, desktop and Microsoft Encarta. In the roll-over from MSN Search to Windows Live Search, Microsoft stopped using Picsearch as their image search provider and started performing their own image search, fueled by their own internal image search algorithms. On March 21, 2007, Microsoft announced that it would separate its search developments from the Windows Live services family, rebranding the service as Live Search. Live Search was integrated into the Live Search and Ad Platform headed by Satya Nadella, part of Microsoft's Platform and Systems division.
As part of this change, Live Search was merged with Microsoft adCenter. A series of reorganisations and consolidations of Microsoft's search offerings were made under the Live Search branding. On May 23, 2008, Microsoft announced the discontinuation of Live Search Books and Live Search Academic and integrated all academic and book search results into regular search, as a result this included the closure of Live Search Books Publisher Program. Soon after, Windows Live Expo was discontinued on July 31, 2008. Live Search Macros, a service for users to create their own custom search engines or use macros created by other users, was discontinued shortly after. On May 15, 2009, Live Product Upload, a service which allowed merchants to upload products information onto Live Search Products, was discontinued; the final reorganisation came as Live Search QnA was rebranded as MSN QnA on February 18, 2009, however, it was subsequently discontinued on May 21, 2009. Microsoft recognised that there would be a problem with branding as long as the word "Live" remained in the name.
As an effort to create a new identity for Microsoft's search services, Live Search was replaced by Bing on June 3, 2009. The Bing name was chosen through focus groups, Microsoft decided that the name was memorable, easy to spell, that it would function well as a URL around the world; the word would remind people of the sound made during "the moment of discovery and decision making." Microsoft was assisted by branding consultancy Interbrand in their search for the best name for the new search engine. The name has strong similarity to the word'bingo', used to mean that something sought has been found or realized, as is interjected when winning the game Bingo. Microsoft advertising strategist David Webster proposed the name "Bang" for the same reasons the name Bing was chosen, he noted, "It's there, it's an exclamation point It's the opposite of a question mark." This name was not chosen because it could not be properly used as a verb in the context of an internet search. According to the Guardian " hasn't confirmed that it stands recursively for Bing Is Not Google, but that's the sort of joke software engineers enjoy."
Qi Lu, president of Microsoft Online Services announced that Bing's official Chinese name is bì yìng, which
Yahoo! Search is a web search engine owned by Yahoo, headquartered in California; as of October 2018, it is the second largest search engine worldwide across all platforms with 2.32% market share. As of July 2018, Microsoft Sites handled 24.2 percent of all search queries in the United States. During the same period of time, Oath had a search market share of 11.5 percent. Market leader Google generated. "Yahoo Search" referred to a Yahoo-provided interface that sent queries to a searchable index of pages supplemented with its directory of websites. The results were presented to the user under the Yahoo! brand. None of the actual web crawling and data housing was done by Yahoo! itself. In 2001, the searchable index was powered by Inktomi and was powered by Google until 2004, when Yahoo! Search became independent. On July 29, 2009, Microsoft and Yahoo! announced a deal in which Bing would henceforth power Yahoo! Search; the roots of Search date back to 1995 with Yahoo! Directory. Seeking to provide its own search engine results, Yahoo! acquired their own search technology.
In 2002, they bought Inktomi, a "behind the scenes" or OEM search engine provider, whose results are shown on other companies' websites and powered Yahoo! in its earlier days. In 2003, they purchased Overture Services, Inc. which owned the AlltheWeb and AltaVista search engines. Though Yahoo! Owned multiple search engines, they didn't use them on the main yahoo.com website, but kept using Google's search engine for its results. Starting on April 7, 2003, Yahoo! Search became its own web crawler-based search engine, they combined the capabilities of search engine companies they had acquired and their prior research into a reinvented crawler called Yahoo Slurp. The new search engine results were included in all of Yahoo's websites that had a web search function. Yahoo! started to sell the search engine results to other companies, to show on their own websites. Their relationship with Google was terminated at that time, with the former partners becoming each other's main competitors. In October 2007, Yahoo!
Search was updated with a more modern appearance in line with the redesigned Yahoo! home page. In addition, Search Assist was added. In July 2008, Yahoo! Search announced the introduction of a new service called Yahoo! Search BOSS; this service opens the doors for developers to use Yahoo!'s system for indexing information and images and create their own custom search engine. In January 2010, Microsoft announced a deal in which it would take over the functional operation of Yahoo! Search, set up a joint venture to sell advertising on both Yahoo! Search and Bing known as the Microsoft Search Alliance. A complete transition of all Yahoo! Sponsored ad clients to Microsoft adCenter occurred in October 2010. On March 12, 2014, Yahoo announced a partnership with Yelp to integrate its reviews and user-contributed photos into Yahoo! Search. In November 2014, Mozilla signed a five-year partnership with Yahoo, making Yahoo Search the default search engine for Firefox browsers in the US. In April 2015, the Microsoft partnership was modified, now only requiring Bing results on the "majority" of desktop traffic, opening the ability for Yahoo to enter into non-exclusive deals for search services on mobile platforms and the remainder of desktop traffic.
The amendment gives either company the ability to terminate the contract with four months' notice. In October 2015, Yahoo subsequently reached an agreement with Google to provide services to Yahoo Search through the end of 2018, including advertising and image search services; the team at Yahoo Search blogged about search announcements, features and enhancements. The Yahoo Search Blog, as stated provided A look inside the world of search from the people at Yahoo; this included index updates named their Yahoo Search Assist feature. Yahoo Search provided their search interface in at least 38 international markets and a variety of available languages. Yahoo! has a presence in Europe and across the Emerging Markets. Yahoo Search indexed and cached the common HTML page formats, as well as several of the more popular file-types, such as PDF, Excel spreadsheets, PowerPoint, Word documents, RSS/XML and plain text files. For some of these supported file-types, Yahoo Search provided cached links on their search results allowing for viewing of these file-types in standard HTML.
Using the Advanced Search interface or Preferences settings, Yahoo Search allowed the customization of search results and enabling of certain settings such as: SafeSearch, Language Selection, Number of results, Domain restrictions, etc. For a Basic and starter guide to Yahoo Search, they provided a Search Basics tutorial. In 2005, Yahoo began to provide links to previous versions of pages archived on the Wayback Machine. In the first week of May 2008, Yahoo launched a new search mash up called Yahoo Glue, in beta testing. On June 20, 2007, Yahoo introduced; when activated this selection-based search feature enabled users to invoke search using only their mouse and receive search suggestions in floating windows while remaining on Yahoo properties such as Yahoo Mail. This feature was only active on Yahoo web pages within the Yahoo Publisher Network. Yahoo Shortcuts required the content-owner to modify the underlying HTML of his or her webpage to call out the specific keywords to be enhanced; the technology for context-aware selection-based search on Yahoo pages was first devel