Web service

The term Web service is either: a service offered by an electronic device to another electronic device, communicating with each other via the World Wide Web, or a server running on a computer device, listening for requests at a particular port over a network, serving web documents, creating web applications services, which serve in solving specific domain problems over the Web In a Web service a Web technology such as HTTP — designed for human-to-machine communication — is used for transferring machine-readable file formats such as XML and JSON. In practice, a Web service provides an object-oriented Web-based interface to a database server, utilized for example by another Web server, or by a mobile app, that provides a user interface to the end-user. Many organizations that provide data in formatted HTML pages will provide that data on their server as XML or JSON through a Web service to allow syndication, for example, Wikipedia's Export. Another application offered to the end-user may be a mashup, where a Web server consumes several Web services at different machines and compiles the content into one user interface.

Asynchronous JavaScript And XML is a dominant technology for Web services. Developing from the combination of HTTP servers, JavaScript clients and Plain Old XML, now it is used with JSON as well as, or instead of, XML. Representational State Transfer is an architecture for well-behaved Web services that can function at Internet scale. In a 2004 document, the W3C sets following REST as a key distinguishing feature of Web services: We can identify two major classes of Web services: REST-compliant Web services, in which the primary purpose of the service is to manipulate XML representations of Web resources using a uniform set of stateless operations. There are a number of Web services that use markup languages: JSON-RPC. JSON-WSP Representational state transfer versus remote procedure call Web Services Conversation Language Web Services Description Language, developed by the W3C Web Services Flow Language, superseded by BPEL Web template WS-MetadataExchange XML Interface for Network Services, provides a POX-style web service specification format A Web API is a development in Web services where emphasis has been moving to simpler representational state transfer based communications.

Restful APIs do not require XML-based Web service protocols to support their interfaces. In relation to W3C Web services, the W3C defined a Web service as: A web service is a software system designed to support interoperable machine-to-machine interaction over a network, it has an interface described in a machine-processable format. Other systems interact with the web service in a manner prescribed by its description using SOAP-messages conveyed using HTTP with an XML serialization in conjunction with other web-related standards. W3C Web Services may use SOAP over HTTP protocol, allowing less costly interactions over the Internet than via proprietary solutions like EDI/B2B. Besides SOAP over HTTP, Web services can be implemented on other reliable transport mechanisms like FTP. In a 2002 document, the Web Services Architecture Working Group defined a Web services architecture, requiring a standardized implementation of a "Web service." The term "Web service" describes a standardized way of integrating Web-based applications using the XML, SOAP, WSDL and UDDI open standards over an Internet Protocol backbone.

XML is the data format used to contain the data and provide metadata around it, SOAP is used to transfer the data, WSDL is used for describing the services available and UDDI lists what services are available. A Web service is a method of communication between two electronic devices over a network, it is a software function provided at a network address over the Web with the service always-on as in the concept of utility computing. Many organizations use multiple software systems for management. Different software systems need to exchange data with each other, a Web service is a method of communication that allows two software systems to exchange this data over the Internet; the software system that requests data is called a service requester, whereas the software system that would process the request and provide the data is called a service provider. Different software may use different programming languages, hence there is a need for a method of data exchange that doesn't depend upon a particular programming language.

Most types of software can, interpret XML tags. Thus, Web services can use XML files for data exchange. Rules for communication between different systems need to be defined, such as: How one system can request data from another system. Which specific parameters are needed in the data request. What would be the structure of the data produced. What error messages to display when a certain rule for communication is not observed, to make troubleshooting easier. All of these rules for communication are defined in a file called WSDL. A directory called. So when one software system needs one particular report/data, it would go to the UDDI and find out which other systems it can cont

Tim Louis (British Columbia politician)

Tim Louis is a lawyer and municipal politician in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. He was elected to the Vancouver Park Board in 1990 and 1993, to Vancouver City Council as a member of the Coalition of Progressive Electors in 1999 and 2002. Tim Louis graduated South Delta Secondary School, went on to attend Langara College and the University of British Columbia where he graduated from law school in 1983. While a student at UBC, he co-founded the Public Interest Advocacy Centre, a consumer watchdog nonprofit, he articled with lawyer and then-city councillor Harry Rankin in 1984. He served on the board of BC Transit's paratransit service and was chair of the Vancouver Public Library Board. In 1990, Louis was elected to the Vancouver Board of Parks & Recreation and re-elected in 1993. First elected to Vancouver City Council in 1999, Louis became known for his pointed questions aimed at addressing issues of social justice in the city of Vancouver, he was re-elected in 2002. Louis proudly showed off his progressive beliefs appearing at public functions in a red Che Guevara shirt.

Louis has been a critic of large government projects, including the Richmond-Airport-Vancouver rapid transit project and the 2010 Olympic Winter Games, but always in the spirit of protecting community priorities. He takes a public stance on local and international causes. S blockade of Cuba and the Israeli blockade of Gaza. In the 2005 municipal election, Louis attracted attention when he told the Vancouver Sun editorial board that he favoured establishing a city-owned non-profit brothel to help protect sex-trade workers, he lost his council seat in that election. In 2008, Louis ran for a nomination for city council as part of a ` Keep It COPE' slate, she along with David Cadman went on to become elected to council as part of COPE's combined slate with the Green Party and Vision Vancouver. Louis sought re-election as a Vancouver city councillor in the municipal election of 2011 but lost, coming in 17th, with 43,926 votes. Louis' long-time partner is an artist and community advocate, they live in a West Side neighbourhood of Vancouver.

Tim Louis & Company Tim Louis's website COPE website


A konditorei is a business that offers a wide variety of pastries and also serves as a café, these are found in many different countries including Germany, Switzerland, Denmark, Czech Republic, more. However the culture and function of the konditorei may vary based on locations. In Germany and Switzerland it's a popular custom to go in the mid-afternoon to a konditorei to have a portion of cake and some coffee or hot chocolate to consume on the premises. A similar culture is present in several northern European countries influenced by central European trends, such as Denmark and Sweden. In order to become a konditor, the speciality baker for a konditorei, the profession requires an extensive apprenticeship or speciality training program. In Czechia, such shops are called "cukrárna"; the primary focus of a konditorei is selling pastries, which may be made in-house or brought in from another bakery. They also offer a selection of coffees, soft drinks, many may sell alcoholic drinks. Many larger konditorei serve ice cream and chocolates.

Apart from its typical menu, a konditorei chiefly differs from a restaurant in that opening hours tend to be morning and afternoon, rather than afternoon and evening. A konditorei puts emphasis on the artistic aspect of the trade and, unlike a bakery, does not produce breads; the craft developed when particular bakers specialised in the creation of sweet bread to which candied fruits and other sweet ingredients were added. The origin of the word konditor stems from the Latin word candire, which stands for “candying of fruits”. Another derivation is the Latin word conditura = to concoct, preservation. Konditorei is the German word for a confectionery shop. In Sweden and Denmark, the word is spelt konditori and the term konditor for a confectioner has been used since the beginning of the 18th century; the profession of the Konditor developed from that of the baker. Once the bakers of medieval times mastered the art of baking bread, some started to rarefy the dough with honey, dried fruits and spices.

These specialists called themselves Lebküchner or Lebzelter. They founded a guild in 1643 in the area around Nürnberg, Germany. At the same time, the Lebkuchen bakers ran a second trade using wax, a side product of honey: they became chandlers, supplying churches and private households with artistic candles, wax figures and pictures made of wax, they used these to pour magnificent pictures made of wax. A few Konditoreien practiced the sophisticated art of the chandlers until recent times; the Lebküchner were turned to confectioners and became Konditoreien. The maritime trade brought spices and sugar from the Eastern world to the famous Italian harbor towns of Genoa and Venice. Although sugar had an immense appeal, only the rich were privileged to consume it; the profession of confectioner was related to that of the pharmacist because the trade with sugar was exclusive to pharmacists. The German word “Konfekt” to describe sweets stems from the language of the drug makers, which were called confectionari.

In the 14th century, the Venetians introduced marzipan, a confection made from almonds and rose water, to central Europe. Marzipan was an ideal material for moulding magnificent pictures from, which were artistically painted with plant colouring and decorated with gold leaf. At the start of the 19th century, chocolate first made its way to Germany, after the ladies of the upper classes in Spain and France had long been used to a daily cup of hot chocolate; when the Dutchman Coenraad Johannes van Houten managed to press out the cocoa mass, the additional ingredients cocoa butter and cocoa powder were created. The chocolate thinned with cocoa butter was used to pour a variety of figures, painting cakes with cocoa powder became popular; the trade of the "Chocolatier", was born. Chocolate now played a major role in the Konditorei. A good example is the chocolate cake created by Franz Sacher, the chocolate cook for Klemens von Metternich in Vienna in 1832; the abundance of sugar through the native sugar beet in the 19th century lead to the development of cakes and pastries, with focus taken off decorative art.

Light sponge cakes, almond pastries, apple strudel or milk-cream strudel and cream cakes were served with modern drinks such as coffee and chocolate. Nicolas Appert, French inventor of food preservation Heinrich Georg Erbshäuser, Munich baker and inventor of Prinzregententorte Bakery Coffeehouse Schlagobers, Richard Strauss' ballet, set in a konditorei