Oakley is a city in Summit County, United States. It is part of Utah Metropolitan Statistical Area; the population was 1,470 at the 2010 census. Oakley is located in the Kamas Valley. With an elevation of 6,500 feet, it is a gateway to the Uinta Mountains. Scenic route Weber Canyon Road follows the Weber River to its headwaters; the towns of Marion and Peoa are its neighbors, the Weber River flows nearby. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.3 square miles, all of it land. Utah State Route 32 serves this city; this climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot summers and cold winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Oakley has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps. In the 2000 census, Oakley had 948 people, 278 households, 232 families residing within the city; the population density was 150.5 people per square mile. There were 330 housing units, with an average density of 52.4 housing units/sq mi.
The racial makeup of the city was 96.41% White, 0.11% African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 2.95% from other races, 0.11% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.32% of the population. Of the 278 households, 48.2% had children under the age of 18. Of the city's households, 10.8% were individuals. The average household size was 3.41, the average family size was 3.74. In the city, 36.8% of the population were under the age of 18. The median age was 32. For every 100 females, there were 107.9 males. The median household income in the 2000 census was $61,250. Males had a median income of $41,250, compared to $30,625 for females; the per capita income for the city was $21,855. About 1.6% of families and 2.3% of the population of the city were below the poverty line, including 2.6% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over. The valley was inhabited by Ute Indians before the coming of Mormon pioneers. A historical monument erected in 1939 across the street from the current town hall by the Daughters of the Utah Pioneers, honors the habitation of the Utes.
"INDIAN TRAIL This valley, settled by Thomas Rhoades in 1858, was a summer paradise for Indians who came to hunt and gather wild fruit and sego bulbs. The Weber River Indian Trail skirted the east foothills to Oakley Canyon, crossed the river at the Old Kamas Ford, 3 1/2 miles east of here, running thence to Henry's Fork, to Brush Creek, in the eastern Uinta Mountains; this trail was used by Indians and Pioneers, is marked in part by roads today." A Mormon pioneer, Parley P. Pratt, was sent to this valley from Salt Lake City by Brigham Young in 1850 to check on the possibility of establishing settlements along the Weber River and the nearby Provo River, his report was, "... a good valley, abundant grass and plenty of water". The first white man to winter there, in 1853, was Thomas Rhodes. An explorer, prospector, part-time farmer, close friend of Brigham Young, he was called from his California prospecting by Brigham Young when there was a need for money for the church. Rhodes would return with a supply of gold.
The first settlers in Oakley were wife, Emma Crowden Stevens. Soon to follow were relatives and friends, among them the Fraziers, Richards and Gibbons, to name a few. Oakley's original name was "Oak Creek", derived from the name of a creek that ran just east of the present town site and, thickly overgrown with oak trees; the town changed its name to "Oakley" in late 1886 or early 1887. The current town hall was built as a LDS church in 1903, followed by a schoolhouse in 1904. Incorporated in 1933 on land purchased from the Union Pacific Company by the early settlers in the land sale of the 1880s, Oakley has maintained its small town charm as an agricultural community. At one time, it was a large producer of dairy products. More it has focused on cattle- and horse-feeding, "haying", still some dairy production. In addition, it is a base for recreational activities, which abound—hiking, horseback riding, hunting and cross-country skiing—all within a short distance from town. Memories of early residents can give a real feeling for the town in its early days of the 20th century.
Charles Reed Seymour, son of LDS Bishop John Heber Seymour, wrote the following: Sometime around my sixth birthday, 1912, we moved to Oakley proper. Oakley was a small community of some four or five hundred people. We had a lumber mill, a flour mill, an old-fashioned, all-purpose store grocery store, a church. Our new home was two stories with a full basement; the basement was of little use, as it flooded every spring. This was to serve us but a short time, as my father had contracted with John Salmon to build us a new eight-room concrete block house. Measured by t
Uintah is a city in Weber County, United States. The population was 1,127 at the 2000 census, it is part of the Ogden -- Utah Metropolitan Statistical Area. Although Uintah was a town in 2000, it has since been classified as a fifth-class city by state law. Uintah is located at the mouth of Weber Canyon 5 miles south of Ogden and 25 miles north of Salt Lake City, it is bordered by the Weber River on the south and west, by the Uintah Bench on the north, the Wasatch Mountains on the east. The town occupies three square miles in an area noted for frequent east winds out of Weber Canyon. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.0 square miles, all of it land. This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot summers and cold winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Uintah has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps. Long before the first Anglo-Europeans came to Utah, the Uintah area was a favorite camping and hunting ground for Native Americans as they traveled through Weber Canyon.
Archeological work has revealed Native American presence dating back at least 5,000 years. In fact, Uintah is named after the Weber Ute Band of Shoshone Indians which occupied the area at the time of white settlement; the city was established in 1850. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,127 people, 365 households, 290 families residing in the town; the population density was 1,120.4 people per square mile. There were 374 housing units at an average density of 371.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 98.14% White, 0.62% African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 0.35% from other races, 0.35% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.24% of the population. There were 365 households out of which 42.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 72.6% were married couples living together, 3.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 20.3% were non-families. 15.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 3.09 and the average family size was 3.51. In the town the population was spread out with 32.1% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, 9.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.1 males. The median income for a household in the town was $52,300, the median income for a family was $54,519. Males had a median income of $45,903 versus $30,268 for females; the per capita income for the town was $21,424. About 1.6% of families and 2.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.9% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over. List of cities and towns in Utah Official website
Morgan is a city in the U. S. state of Utah and the county seat of Morgan County. It is part of the Ogden-Clearfield metropolitan area, it is named after Jedediah Morgan Grant, a leader in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints who served as an apostle and as a member of the LDS First Presidency under Brigham Young in the mid-1850s. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 3,687 people and estimated at 4,249 in 2017. Morgan is a location where some of the movie Troll 2 was filmed in 1989; as of the census of 2000, there were 2,635 people, 789 households, 665 families residing in the city. The population density was 823.8 people per square mile. There were 822 housing units at an average density of 257.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 99.09% White, 0.04% African American, 0.04% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.30% from other races, 0.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.95% of the population. There were 789 households out of which 49.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 75.2% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 15.6% were non-families.
15.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.34 and the average family size was 3.74. In the city, the population was spread out with 37.2% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 25.1% from 25 to 44, 16.8% from 45 to 64, 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.0 males. The median income for a household in the city was $47,716, the median income for a family was $53,125. Males had a median income of $42,143 versus $23,011 for females; the per capita income for the city was $16,260. About 2.0% of families and 3.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.6% of those under age 18 and 3.4% of those age 65 or over. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.2 square miles, all of it land. List of cities and towns in Utah Browning Arms Company, headquartered in the nearby unincorporated community of Mountain Green.
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
A river is a natural flowing watercourse freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, lake or another river. In some cases a river flows into the ground and becomes dry at the end of its course without reaching another body of water. Small rivers can be referred to using names such as stream, brook and rill. There are no official definitions for the generic term river as applied to geographic features, although in some countries or communities a stream is defined by its size. Many names for small rivers are specific to geographic location. Sometimes a river is defined as being larger than a creek, but not always: the language is vague. Rivers are part of the hydrological cycle. Potamology is the scientific study of rivers, while limnology is the study of inland waters in general. Most of the major cities of the world are situated on the banks of rivers, as they are, or were, used as a source of water, for obtaining food, for transport, as borders, as a defensive measure, as a source of hydropower to drive machinery, for bathing, as a means of disposing of waste.
A river begins at a source, follows a path called a course, ends at a mouth or mouths. The water in a river is confined to a channel, made up of a stream bed between banks. In larger rivers there is also a wider floodplain shaped by flood-waters over-topping the channel. Floodplains may be wide in relation to the size of the river channel; this distinction between river channel and floodplain can be blurred in urban areas where the floodplain of a river channel can become developed by housing and industry. Rivers can flow down mountains, through valleys or along plains, can create canyons or gorges; the term upriver refers to the direction towards the source of the river, i.e. against the direction of flow. The term downriver describes the direction towards the mouth of the river, in which the current flows; the term left bank refers to the left bank in the direction of right bank to the right. The river channel contains a single stream of water, but some rivers flow as several interconnecting streams of water, producing a braided river.
Extensive braided rivers are now found in only a few regions worldwide, such as the South Island of New Zealand. They occur on peneplains and some of the larger river deltas. Anastamosing rivers are quite rare, they have multiple sinuous channels carrying large volumes of sediment. There are rare cases of river bifurcation in which a river divides and the resultant flows ending in different seas. An example is the bifurcation of Nerodime River in Kosovo. A river flowing in its channel is a source of energy which acts on the river channel to change its shape and form. In 1757, the German hydrologist Albert Brahms empirically observed that the submerged weight of objects that may be carried away by a river is proportional to the sixth power of the river flow speed; this formulation is sometimes called Airy's law. Thus, if the speed of flow is doubled, the flow would dislodge objects with 64 times as much submerged weight. In mountainous torrential zones this can be seen as erosion channels through hard rocks and the creation of sands and gravels from the destruction of larger rocks.
A river valley, created from a U-shaped glaciated valley, can easily be identified by the V-shaped channel that it has carved. In the middle reaches where a river flows over flatter land, meanders may form through erosion of the river banks and deposition on the inside of bends. Sometimes the river will cut off a loop, shortening the channel and forming an oxbow lake or billabong. Rivers that carry large amounts of sediment may develop conspicuous deltas at their mouths. Rivers whose mouths are in saline tidal waters may form estuaries. Throughout the course of the river, the total volume of water transported downstream will be a combination of the free water flow together with a substantial volume flowing through sub-surface rocks and gravels that underlie the river and its floodplain. For many rivers in large valleys, this unseen component of flow may exceed the visible flow. Most but not all rivers flow on the surface. Subterranean rivers flow underground in caverns; such rivers are found in regions with limestone geologic formations.
Subglacial streams are the braided rivers that flow at the beds of glaciers and ice sheets, permitting meltwater to be discharged at the front of the glacier. Because of the gradient in pressure due to the overlying weight of the glacier, such streams can flow uphill. An intermittent river only flows and can be dry for several years at a time; these rivers are found in regions with limited or variable rainfall, or can occur because of geologic conditions such as a permeable river bed. Some ephemeral rivers flow during the summer months but not in the winter; such rivers are fed from chalk aquifers which recharge from winter rainfall. In England these rivers are called bournes and give their name to places such as Bournemouth and Eastbourne. In humid regions, the location where flow begins in the smallest tributary streams moves upstream in response to precipitation and downstream in its absence or when active summer vegetation diverts water for evapotrans
Coalville is a city in and the county seat of Summit County, United States. It is part of Utah Metropolitan Statistical Area; the population was 1,363 at the 2010 census. Interstate 80 runs through the town, as well as the Weber River which runs into Echo Reservoir just north of Coalville. Coalville was founded in 1859 by an early Mormon freighter, he noticed. He subsequently convinced four families to settle in the area with him; the settlement was called Chalk Creek. Early life in Chalk Creek was difficult, during winters the settlers dealt with a constant scarcity of food; when food ran out, they would travel to Salt Lake City for supplies. The local Indian tribes were hostile for a time, the settlers built a fort on advice of Brigham Young. In 1854 the territorial government in Utah offered a $1000 reward to anyone who could find coal within 40 miles of Salt Lake City. Four years Thomas Rhodes found a coal vein in the Chalk Creek area, coal mining began in earnest. Hundreds of tons of coal were shipped to Salt Lake City, soon a narrow gauge railroad was built.
The settlement was renamed Coalville as a result of this early success mining coal. Unlike most Mormon settlements in Utah and the intermountain west, Coalville city streets are not aligned to true north. Main Street in Coalville is offset such that it runs north-northwest, Center street runs east-northeast; the Thomas L. Allen House in Coalville is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.3 square miles, of which 2.9 square miles of it is land and 0.4 square miles is water. Coalville has a high-altitude semi-arid climate, characterised by extreme diurnal temperature ranges that range from cold winter nights to hot afternoons in the summer. However, the high altitude and low humidity means that mornings in summer remain cool, frosts have occurred in July. Precipitation is moderate throughout the year, though with a minimum in summer, snow accumulation is heavy due to the cold nights between November and March, with a median of 60.1 inches for the year.
Coalville is located at the intersection of two narrow valleys. Owing to this localized phenomenon, observed low temperatures are significantly lower than those forecasted by national agencies; as of the census of 2000, there were 1,382 people, 465 households, 371 families residing in the city. The population density was 483.9 people per square mile. There were 495 housing units at an average density of 173.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 93.13% White, 0.07% African American, 0.80% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 4.92% from other races, 0.72% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.87% of the population. There were 465 households out of which 47.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.6% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 20.2% were non-families. 18.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.97 and the average family size was 3.41. In the city, the population was spread out with 33.8% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 15.7% from 45 to 64, 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females, there were 104.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.3 males. The median income for a household in the city was $39,342, the median income for a family was $43,929. Males had a median income of $32,727 versus $20,833 for females; the per capita income for the city was $17,830. About 5.9% of families and 8.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.9% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over. Coalville is served by the North Summit School District, which consists of North Summit High School, Middle School, Elementary School. North Summit High School's mascot is the Brave, the school colors are purple and gold; the school mascot was chosen because of the Western Shoshone tribes.
Members of the North Summit High School drill team are known as "Esona," purportedly from the Shoshone word for "woman." Some residents of the Coalville area pursue careers in farming, construction, public education, county government - though many commute to the Wasatch Front. Ranchers in the area raise beef and dairy cows and mink. Crops such as alfalfa and wheat are cultivated. There are two grocery stores, five restaurants, two motels, several small gas/convenience stores. A health clinic serves residents of Coalville and other settlements in northern Summit County, as well as a dental office. Vacant commercial real estate continues to be a problem along main street, as is the case in many small towns in rural America - an effect of urbanization. List of cities and towns in Utah Anthony Geary Brant Boyer Interstate 80 List of Registered Historic Places in Utah: Summit County U. S. Route 530 Official website
The mountain whitefish is one of the most distributed salmonid fish of western North America. It is found from the Mackenzie River drainage in Northwest Territories, Canada south through western Canada and the northwestern USA in the Pacific, Hudson Bay and upper Missouri River basins to the Truckee River drainage in Nevada and Sevier River drainage in Utah; the body shape is superficially similar to the cyprinids, although it is distinguished by having the adipose fin of salmonids. The body is slender and nearly cylindrical in cross section silver with a dusky olive-green shade dorsally; the short head has a small mouth underneath the snout. The short dorsal fin has 12–13 rays, with 11–13 for the anal fin, 10–12 for the pelvic fins, 14–18 for the pectoral fins; the tail fin is forked. Size has been recorded at a weight of 2.9 kilograms. It is a fish of mountain streams and lakes, favoring clear cold water and large deep pools of at least a meter's depth. Mountain whitefish are bottom feeders, stirring up the substrate with pectoral and tail fins to expose insect larvae and other invertebrates, including snails and amphipods.
Their main feeding time is in the evening, but they will take drifting prey during the day. The mountain whitefish feeds in the lower strata of streams, but populations may rise to the surface to prey on hatching insects, including mayflies; the spawning season is from October to early December, when water temperatures are 2–6 °C. The fish seek out areas of coarse gravels or cobbles at depths of at least 75 cm, scatter the non-adhesive eggs so that they sink into the interstices; the eggs develop through the winter, hatching in the early spring. This species occurs throughout the western half of North America, as far north as the Mackenzie River and the drainages of the Hudson Bay, in the Columbia River, upper Missouri River, upper Colorado River, so forth. Although once important in the subsistence fisheries of some Native American peoples; some sportfishing for mountain whitefish occurs. Anglers capture whitefish with small nymphs such as Pheasant Tail, Hare's Ear, Disco Midge; the fish will respond to tiny spinners and dry flies