The phrase flower girl is used to refer to a young female who scatters flower petals down the aisle during a wedding procession. However, the term can be used to refer to girls who sell flowers, such as the fictional character Eliza Doolittle. In a traditional wedding procession, flower girls are members of the bride or groom's extended families or a friend of either family and are three to ten years old. In a wedding procession a flower girl walks down the aisle with her partner the ring bearer or page boy. A flower girl walks in front of the bride during the wedding procession and scatters flower petals on the floor before the bride walks down the aisle, but some venues do not allow the scattering of petals, her outfit resembles a smaller version of the bride's wedding dress. Traditionally, a flower girl's clothing was provided by the families of the groom; some couples want a flower girl in the wedding party to enhance the aisle with flower petals. She symbolically leads the bride forward, from childhood to adulthood and from innocence to her roles of wife and mother.
The flower girl follows the maid of honor, may carry wrapped candies, confetti, a single bloom, a ball of flowers, or bubbles instead of flower petals. The flower girl may symbolize the bride as a child in her innocence, as she is a young girl dressed to the bride, she may symbolize wishes for fertility for the couple and the forming of their new family. Centuries ago, couples married for political reasons rather than love. In some cultures, marriages were arranged by parents. In these arranged marriages, the bride and groom did not meet before the wedding. Since procreation was the primary purpose of arranged marriages, fertility was a concern for the newlyweds. To symbolize the blessings of fertility and prosperity for the couple, flower girls carried sheaves of wheat and bouquets of herbs. In the present-day U. S. these historical fertility symbols have been replaced by flowers or flower petals. In the Roman Empire, flower girls were young virgins who carried a sheaf of wheat during the wedding ceremony.
During the Renaissance flower girls carried strands of garlic, based on the belief that garlic repelled evil spirits and bad luck. In the Elizabethan era, wedding guests would scatter flower petals from the bride's home to the church. Flower girls followed musicians in the wedding procession, carrying a gilded rosemary branch and a silver bride's cup adorned with ribbons; the cup was filled with flower petals or rosemary leaves, as an alternative to a basket. Other alternatives included a small bunch of rosemary sprigs used as a sweet posy or a small floral bouquet, incorporating sprigs of fresh rosemary; the Victorian flower girl most resembles the modern one. Victorian-era flower girls were traditionally dressed in white with a sash of colored satin or silk, her dress made of muslin, was intentionally simple to allow future use. The Victorian flower girl carried an ornate basket of fresh blooms or sometimes a floral hoop, its shape echoing that of the wedding ring and symbolizing that love has no end.
In the Western Europe, the tradition of child attendants in weddings was not limited to the flower girl and ring bearer but extended to the entire wedding party. This tradition is seen in royal and society weddings and weddings around the world, where several flower girls are common. Flower child Innocent Flower Girl article on TV Tropes
Traditionally a bridal crown is a headdress that single women wear on certain holidays, at festivals and at their wedding. Bridal crowns today, of another type, are often provided by church parishes for the use of brides at their weddings. A bridal crown, along with the bridal wreath and veil, is the oldest decorative form of headdress worn by women. With it the bride would symbolise her purity and it was a status symbol for her family. In farming areas, the bridal crown was and is popular. In several regions the bride takes her crown off after the church service and hangs it over the wedding table as a sign of the peace; the design of bridal crowns is varied and depends on the place and region. To begin with they were decorated with flowers, fir branches and ripe fruits. In times and today, more expensive materials were used such as pearls, mirrors and gold; these more valuable headdresses could only be afforded by wealthy families. The less well off could, borrow them from neighbours and friends in return for payment in kind.
The churches or parishes had bridal crowns and could hire them out. In the course of the 18th century, the bridal crown was replaced by the bridal wreath in many places, as had been the pagan custom in the 4th century; when Princess Mary of Saxe-Altenburg married King George V of Hanover he wore a large, golden crown and she a somewhat smaller golden bridal crown. Such bridal crowns are traditionally worn together with a national or local costume or as a less expensive item in the shape of a small crown or a diadem. In Norway and Serbia bridal crowns were made of silver. In the Black Forest, bridal crowns have pearls, glass balls and ribbons or paper roses. Locally bridal crowns are always known as Schäppel and they vary in design from place to place. An insight into the range of the Schäppel in the Black Forest is the collection at the Black Forest Costume Museum in Haslach; the so-called Borta is worn by the Sorbs in Lusatia. In Thuringia they wear a Hormt as part of the farming costume at Altenburg.
In Scandinavia bridal crowns today are made of brass, silver or gold, are fashioned like a smaller type of coronet of a princess and have gems and ornate decorations. They are attached to long veils. Scandinavian church parishes keep such crowns of their own and lend them to brides for their wedding ceremonies and receptions; the crown relates to the Virgin Mary, is a statement of a young woman's purity and virginity at her wedding. Hartmut Braun: Der Schäppel und sein kulturgeschichtlicher Ursprung, in: Forschungen und Berichte zur Volkskunde in Baden-Württemberg Vol. 1, Stuttgart 1973, pp. 165–171. Informationen zur Trachtenkunde der Fachgruppe Trachten und Brauchtumspflege des Deutschen Heimatbundes - Heft 1: Brautkronen, Bonn, 1997 The Schäppel, the costume of Schiltach-Lehengericht in the Black Forest
Contemporary Western wedding dress
A contemporary Western wedding dress follows popular fashions in Western wedding gown selection from the year 2000 on. Dresses are white or ivory, follow a pattern for popular silhouettes and gown lengths. Modern bridal fashion is characterised by specific styles of headpieces, lingerie and high heels; some of the most popular contemporary silhouettes include: A-line, above-the-knee, empire, meringue/bouffant, mermaid and trumpet. A-line A dress or skirt silhouette, narrower at the top, flaring wider toward the bottom thereby resembling the letter A. Works well on most figure types. Above-the-knee Can be recognized by their tent-like silhouettes, hemmed short above the knee. Column In fashion, a column, similar to a sheath dress, is a type of dress designed to fit the body, it is made of a light and thin material like cotton or silk, contains any flourishes. Unlike the shorter cocktail dress and the longer ballroom dress, a column dress falls around the knees or lower thighs, can be either strapped or strapless.
Empire A type of dress or top where the waist line is raised above the natural waistline, sometimes as high as right below the bust. Meringue/Bouffant Characterized by a full skirt that begins at the waist and continues to a formal length, it has a cinched waistline that falls into a full skirt. Mermaid The mermaid dress is close fitting through the bodice, down through the hips and to below the knees where the skirt flares out. Princess Designed to hang in close-fitting, unbroken lines from shoulder to flared hem. Trumpet A straight skirt with a hem flounce that flares away from the body at the hem. Popular contemporary necklines types include: asymmetric, halter, off-the-shoulder, scoop, square, sweetheart, v-neck; the neckline refers to the shape of the material at the top of the dress as it falls on the neck and shoulders. Asymmetric Asymmetrical by its definition means there is no symmetry or no balance. So this neckline appears different on either side of the centre front. Bateau Also known as the "Boatneck".
This is a wide, high neckline that follows the curve of the collarbone and ends in points on the shoulder seams. Halter Necklines have a high panel on the front, tied around the neck for support and, may be tied behind the neck or include a clasp, exposing the back and shoulders. Jewel A plain rounded neckline without a collar. Known as the T-shirt neckline, the jewel neckline is round and sits at the base of the throat. Off-the-shoulder This neckline sits below the shoulders, with sleeve-like straps that cover part of the upper arm. Shows off your collarbone and shoulders. Portrait Characterised by a soft scoop from shoulder to shoulder. Scoop Also known as a "ballerina neckline", this U-shaped style is cut low, the scoop will continue on the back of the dress. Sheer A neckline, created by "sheer" or translucent fabric, such as lace or netting, rather than an opaque material or strap. Spaghetti strap This neckline is nearly strapless, except for the presence of delicate straps. Square The neckline is cut straight across the top in between the straps, creating a "square"-like shape to the top of the dress.
Strapless A neckline, discerned by its lack of straps. Sweetheart A neckline with a plunge in the front in the shape of the top of a heart. V-neck A neckline characterized by a plunge in the front shaped like the letter "V". Ankle Characterized by a hemline. Floor Characterized by a hemline. Knee Characterized by a skirt. Mini Characterized by a skirt that falls high on the thigh, the shortest option. Short high on the thigh. Tea Characterized by a skirt length that falls between a knee and ankle length having a hemline at the mid-shin
A wedding ring or wedding band is a finger ring that indicates that its wearer is married. It is forged from metal, traditionally is forged of gold or another precious metal; the earliest examples of wedding rings are from Ancient Egypt. Western customs for wedding rings can be traced to ancient Rome and Greece, were transmitted to the present through Christendom in Europe, which adapted the ancient customs. Depending on culture, a wedding ring is worn on the base of the left or right ring finger, if the wearer is left handed it will go onto the right hand. Many spouses wear their wedding rings day and night, causing an indentation in the skin, visible when the ring is removed. Since the 19th century in the West, it has been considered unlucky to remove a wedding ring once it has been placed on the finger in church, it is believed that the first examples of wedding rings were found in ancient Egypt. Relics dating to 6,000 years ago, including papyrus scrolls, are evidence of the exchange of braided rings of hemp or reeds between spouses.
Ancient Egypt considered the circle to be a symbol of eternity, the ring served to signify the perpetual love of the spouses. This was the origin of the custom of wearing the wedding ring on the ring finger of the left hand, because the ancient Egyptians believed that this finger enclosed a special vein, connected directly to the heart, denominated in Latin the "Vena amoris"; the Western traditions of wedding rings can be traced to ancient Rome and Greece, were first associated with the marital dowry and with a promise of fidelity. The modern exchange of rings derived from the customs of Europe in the Middle Ages as part of Christendom. In both the United States and Canada, wedding rings were only worn by wives, but became customary for both spouses during the 20th century. During the 16th and 17th centuries, European husbands bestowed a gimmel ring upon their wives. Similar to the puzzle ring, the gimmel ring consisted of two interlocking bands; the bride and groom both wore one of these bands after their engagement, the two bands were reunited during the wedding ceremony.
Subsequently, the wife wore the combined ring. The poesy ring was a style of ring, popular during the Renaissance era, it was a band of sterling silver inscribed with a poem or "poesy". Different cultures used many other historical styles of wedding ring. For example, see the image below of the Byzantine ring depicting Christ uniting bride and groom. In the Middle East the puzzle ring was a historical custom: this ring consisted of several pieces that joined together into a cohesive band when worn properly; the object of this style of ring was to render it difficult to put on the finger properly such that, if the wife removed it, her husband would know. The fede ring, being a band consisting of two hands clasped in betrothal, is another historical custom of Europe that ostensibly dates from antiquity. In 1942 during the Second World War, British wartime restrictions on the manufacture of jewelry resulted in "utility" wedding rings that were limited to a maximum mass of two pennyweights, being heavier than 3 grams, were forged of 9 carat gold rather than the traditional 22 carat.
The Regional Assayer Office hallmarked these rings, which guaranteed their gold content and compliance with the wartime regulations with a special utility mark adjacent to the mark for the year on the inside of the band. The double-ring ceremony describes the exchange of wedding rings by and for both spouses. In several European nations such as the Nordic countries, it is common to exchange plain engagement rings of the same form for both sexes, an additional, more precious, bejeweled wedding ring is given to the bride. In the nuptials, the groom's ring becomes a wedding ring and can be bestowed anew by the bride as a part of the wedding ceremony; the engagement is a matter of agreement between the two, the wedding rings are chosen together. Both engagement and wedding rings are worn on the left hand, the bride having both rings together; the groom receives a separate wedding ring. In Germany and Austria, both parties use engagement rings worn on the left hand. At the nuptials, a wedding ring is placed on the right hand, as in several east European nations, including Bulgaria and Russia.
This can be a new ring for the bride or both, or reusing the engagement rings. Any engagement rings can remain on the left hand or be transferred to the right hand. In Germany, it has been customary for both the bride and the groom to wear a wedding ring since at least the 1870s and mentions of couples exchanging rings during the wedding ceremony in the Netherlands can be found at least as far back as 1815. In Brazil and Spain both sexes wear engagement rings, the groom's ring becomes a wedding ring in the nuptial exchange ceremony. In The Netherlands plain bands can be worn on either hand, left for Catholics and right for Protestants; when engaged, both bride and groom wear what will be the wedding band on the opposite hand and switch hands after the wedding. In Western nations, wedding rings are forged of gold, platinum, argentium silver, or, more silicone; the perpetuity of noble metals symbolizes the permanence of the marriage. Common engravings on the inside of the ring include the name of one's spouse, the names of both spouses, the date of the wedding or a phrase of significance to the spouses.
In many nations the engagement rings are plain while the bride's wedding ring is bejeweled. Some customs include the wedding ring as the final of a series of gifts, wh
A bridegroom is a man who will soon be or has been married. A bridegroom is attended by a best man and groomsmen; the first mention of the term bridegroom dates to 1604, from the Old English brȳdguma, a compound of brȳd and guma. It is related to the Old Saxon brūdigomo, the Old High German brūtigomo, the German Bräutigam, the Old Norse brúðgumi; the style of the bridegroom's clothing can be influenced by many factors, including the time of day, the location of the ceremony, the ethnic backgrounds of the bride and bridegroom, the type of ceremony, whether the bridegroom is a member of the Armed Forces. In the United States, the bridegroom wears a dark-colored suit for a daytime wedding or tuxedo for an evening ceremony. British tradition for a formal wedding requires the bridegroom, male ushers, close male family to wear morning suits. Bridegrooms of Scottish descent wear full Highland dress, as do their groomsmen. In Norway the bridegroom may wear a folk costume like the gákti among Northern Sami or bunad, a dark-colored suit or a tuxedo.
In Anglo-American weddings, the bridegroom will give a short speech after the reception, thanking the guests for attending, complimenting the bride, thanking members of the wedding party, sharing a "roast toast", in which he makes jokes at the expense of himself or a member of his party. His speech will be followed by one from the best man. In Christianity, Jesus Christ is called a bridegroom in relation to the Church as his bride. In the Gospel of John, John the Baptist speaks of Jesus Christ as the bridegroom and mentions the bride, he that hath the bride is the bridegroom: but the friend of the bridegroom, which standeth and heareth him, rejoiceth because of the bridegroom's voice: this my joy therefore is fulfilled. See Matthew 9:15.
A wedding planner is a professional who assists with the design and management of a client's wedding. Weddings are significant events in people's lives and as such, couples are willing to spend considerable amount of money to ensure that their weddings are well-organized. Wedding planners are used by couples who work long hours and have little spare time available for sourcing and managing wedding venues and wedding suppliers. Professional wedding planners are based worldwide but the industry is the largest in the USA, western Europe and China. Various wedding planning courses are available to those. Planners charge either a percentage of the total wedding cost, or a flat fee. Planners are popular with couples planning a destination wedding, where the documentation and paperwork can be complicated. Any country where a wedding is held requires different procedures depending on the nationality of each the bride and the groom. For instance, US citizens marrying in Italy require a Nulla Osta, plus an Atto Notorio, legalization of the above.
Some countries instead have agreements and the couple can get their No Impediment forms from their local registrar and have it translated by the consulate in the country of the wedding. A local wedding planner can take care of the different procedures; the services of a wedding planner may include: Interview the couple and parents to identify their needs. Preparation of the budget Design and style of the event Scouting locations Photoshoots Planning a detailed checklist Preparation of the list of participants Identification of venues for events Identification and contracting of wedding professionals and service providers and contract preparation and execution. Acquisition of custom decorations, such as a travel map Coordination of deliveries / services on the wedding day. Have a back-up plan in the event of a disaster. Manages programming with software. Help and prepare legal documentation and translations - for destination weddings Event layout indicating the location of the dance floor, buffet points, chairs, etc.
Event briefing for all suppliers Coordinating wedding day and pre-event assembly follow-up The 2001 comedy The Wedding Planner with Jennifer Lopez and Matthew McConaughey is about the busy life of a wedding planner who falls in love with one of her clients. Many TV shows that have branched from wedding planning, such as TLC's Say Yes to the Dress; this is a reality show that follows brides as they shop at the prestigious Kleinfeld's for their perfect wedding dress. Another show is'My Fair Wedding' with celebrity party planner David Tutera. More Bollywood film Band Baaja Baaraat is about marriage planners falling in love. Ranveer Singh won Best Debutant at several awards; the film had a successful run at the theaters. The 2011 Hong Kong television drama Only You tells the stories of a fictional wedding services agency and their clients. Event planning Marriage proposal planner
A party favor or party favour is a small gift given to the guests at a party as a gesture of thanks for their attendance, a memento of the occasion, or as an aid to frivolity. It is traditional in some Western cultures for the guests at bridal showers and weddings to receive party favors; this practice has spread to many other formal occasions such as baby showers, engagement parties, retirement parties and holiday gatherings. For small social gatherings such as birthday parties, guests may receive a simple and inexpensive favor such as a small toy. In some cases guests might receive a small "gift bag" with a handful of favors toys or trinkets, pencils or other small gifts. Occasions such as birthday parties, seasonal parties, unique events such as a Bar/Bat Mitzvah or Christening are a few social gatherings where favors may be appropriate. Wedding favors are small gifts given as a gesture of appreciation or gratitude to guests from the bride and groom during a wedding ceremony or a wedding reception.
The tradition of distributing wedding favors is a old one. It is believed that the first wedding favor, common amongst European aristocrats, was known as a bonbonniere. A bonbonniere is a small trinket box, made of crystal, and/or precious stones; the contents of these precious boxes were sugar cubes or delicate confections, which symbolize wealth and royalty. As sugar became more affordable, bonbonnieres were replaced with almonds. For centuries, almonds were distributed to wedding guests to signify well wishes on the bridegroom’s new life. In the thirteenth century, almonds coated with sugar, known as confetti, were introduced. Confetti soon transformed to sugared almonds, which started in ancient Greece and was inspired by the tale of Demophon, the king of Athens whose wife died and reincarnated as an almond tree; this evolved into a wedding favor for modern day weddings. Traditionally, five Jordan almonds are presented in a confection box or wrapped in elegant fabric to represent fertility, wealth and happiness.
The bitterness of the almond and the sweetness of the coated candy are a metaphor for the bitter sweetness of a marriage. Today, gifts to guests are known as wedding favors and are shared in cultures worldwide. Wedding favors have become a part of wedding reception planning in the United States and Canada. Wedding favors are diverse and complement the theme or season of the event. Classic favors can range from the classic sugared almonds or individual chocolates to candles and scented soaps. Modern gift trends include: CDs with the favorite music of the bride and groom, shot glasses filled with colored candy or silver picture frames with a photo of the couple. Gifts may be personalized with the couple's names, initials or wedding date. Chocolates in innovative shapes represent a blend of classic favors with modern themes, along with personalized effects, both on the chocolate and on the wrappers; the choice of favors is personal to the hosts, who might buy party favors for their event. The main factors in this decision are budget, the number of guests, the longevity or shelf life of the chosen favor, the time available for making or shopping for favors.
The longevity of the favor depends on whether or not it is edible or would otherwise spoil, such as fresh flowers. Chocolate favors given out to guests of a party on occasions like birthdays, corporate celebrations and weddings are known as Party Chocolate Favors, they can be personalized. For instance, for a theme party, like a Las Vegas theme party, one could get chocolate shaped as casino counters or playing cards. For personalized favors, one could get something unique for the guests. A few brides decide they want to create their own particular favors. There are many unique souvenir ideas people can go for and the choices are unlimited and personal; some end up with candles tied with ribbons, or bird houses that they can beautify themselves. Party favors may refer to ephemeral items which help partygoers celebrate, but which are not meant to be lasting souvenirs. Examples include but are not limited to party hats, noisemakers, party horns, Christmas crackers, plastic leis, glow sticks, deely bobbers, streamers and other kinds of confetti