Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
ISIL gained global prominence in early 2014 when it drove Iraqi government forces out of key cities in its Western Iraq offensive, followed by its capture of Mosul and the Sinjar massacre. This group has been designated a terrorist organisation by the United Nations, ISIL is widely known for its videos of beheadings of both soldiers and civilians, including journalists and aid workers, and its destruction of cultural heritage sites. The United Nations holds ISIL responsible for human rights abuses and war crimes, ISIL originated as Jamaat al-Tawhid wal-Jihad in 1999, which pledged allegiance to al-Qaeda and participated in the Iraqi insurgency following the 2003 invasion of Iraq by Western forces. The group proclaimed itself a caliphate and began referring to itself as Islamic State or IS in June 2014. As a caliphate, it claims religious and military authority over all Muslims worldwide and its adoption of the name Islamic State and its idea of a caliphate have been widely criticised, with the United Nations, various governments, and mainstream Muslim groups rejecting its statehood.
As of 2015, ISIL is estimated to have a budget of more than USD$1 billion. In April 2013, having expanded into Syria, the group adopted the name ad-Dawlah al-Islāmiyah fī l-ʿIrāq wa-sh-Shām, while the use of either one or the other acronym has been the subject of debate, the distinction between the two and its relevance has been considered not so great. Of greater relevance is the name Daesh, which is an acronym of ISILs Arabic name al-Dawlah al-Islamīyah fī al-ʻIrāq wa-al-Shām. This name has been used by ISILs Arabic-speaking detractors, although – and to a certain extent because – it is considered derogatory, as it resembles the Arabic words Daes. Within areas under its control, ISIL considers use of the name Daesh punishable by flogging or cutting out the tongue, in late June 2014, the group renamed itself ad-Dawlah al-Islāmiyah, declaring itself a worldwide caliphate. The name Islamic State and the claim to be a caliphate have been widely rejected, with the UN, various governments. Frances Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius said This is a terrorist group, I do not recommend using the term Islamic State because it blurs the lines between Islam and Islamists.
The Arabs call it Daesh and I will be calling them the Daesh cutthroats, the group is very sensitive about its name. They will cut your tongue out even if you call them ISIS – you have to say Islamic State, the Islamic State is mocked on social media websites such as Twitter and YouTube, with the use of hashtags, mock recruiting ads, fake news articles and YouTube videos. ISIL is a theocracy, proto-state and a Salafi or Wahhabi group and it follows an extremist interpretation of Islam, promotes religious violence, and regards Muslims who do not agree with its interpretations as infidels or apostates. According to some observers, ISIL emerged from the ideology of the Muslim Brotherhood and it adheres to global jihadist principles and follows the hard-line ideology of al-Qaeda and many other modern-day jihadist groups. However, other sources trace the roots to Wahhabism. For their guiding principles, the leaders of the Islamic State, are open and clear about their almost exclusive commitment to the Wahhabi movement of Sunni Islam
For documents that are XHTML1.0 and have made compatible in this way. When delivered as XHTML, browsers should use an XML parser, HTML4 defined three different versions of the language, Strict and Frameset. The Transitional and Frameset versions allow for presentational markup, which is omitted in the Strict version, cascading style sheets are encouraged to improve the presentation of HTML documents. Because XHTML1 only defines an XML syntax for the language defined by HTML4, as this list demonstrates, the loose versions of the specification are maintained for legacy support. However, contrary to popular misconceptions, the move to XHTML does not imply a removal of this legacy support, rather the X in XML stands for extensible and the W3C is modularizing the entire specification and opening it up to independent extensions. The primary achievement in the move from XHTML1.0 to XHTML1.1 is the modularization of the entire specification, the strict version of HTML is deployed in XHTML1.1 through a set of modular extensions to the base XHTML1.1 specification.
Likewise, someone looking for the loose or frameset specifications will find similar extended XHTML1.1 support, the modularization allows for separate features to develop on their own timetable. So for example, XHTML1.1 will allow quicker migration to emerging XML standards such as MathML, in summary, the HTML4 specification primarily reined in all the various HTML implementations into a single clearly written specification based on SGML. XHTML1.0, ported this specification, as is, next, XHTML1.1 takes advantage of the extensible nature of XML and modularizes the whole specification. XHTML2.0 was intended to be the first step in adding new features to the specification in a standards-body-based approach. The WHATWG considers their work as living standard HTML for what constitutes the state of the art in major browser implementations by Apple, Mozilla, Opera, hTML5 is specified by the HTML Working Group of the W3C following the W3C process. HTML lacks some of the found in earlier hypertext systems, such as source tracking, fat links
PayPal is one of the worlds largest Internet payment companies. The company operates as a payment processor for online vendors, auction sites and other commercial users, established in 1998, PayPal had its IPO in 2002, and became a wholly owned subsidiary of eBay that year. In 2014, PayPal moved $228 billion in 30 currencies across more than 190 nations, the same year, eBay announced plans to spin-off PayPal into an independent company by mid-2015 and this was completed on July 18,2015. On July 20,2015, PayPal had its second IPO, PayPal was established in December 1998 as Confinity, a company that developed security software for handheld devices founded by Max Levchin, Peter Thiel, Luke Nosek and Ken Howery. PayPal was developed and launched as a transfer service at Confinity in 1999. In March 2000, Confinity merged with X. com, a banking company founded by Elon Musk. Musk was optimistic about the success of the money transfer business Confinity was developing. Musk and then-president and CEO of X.
com, Bill Harris, disagreed on this point, in October of that year, Musk made the decision that X. com would terminate its other Internet banking operations and focus on the PayPal money service. The X. com company was renamed PayPal in 2001, Paypals IPO listed under the ticker PYPL at $13 per share and ended up generating over $61 million. Shortly after PayPals IPO, the company was acquired by eBay in July 2002 for $1.5 billion, more than 70 percent of all eBay auctions accepted PayPal payments, and roughly 1 in 4 closed auction listings were transacted via PayPal. PayPal acquired the VeriSign payment solution in 2005 to expand its e-commerce business, by the end of 2007, the company generated $1.8 billion in revenue. In November 2008, the company acquired Bill Me Later, a payments company offering transactional credit at over 9000 online merchants in the US. PayPal revenues for Q12009 were $643 million, up 11 percent year over year,42 percent of revenues in Q12009 were from international markets.
PayPals Total Payment Volume, the value of transactions in Q12009 was nearly $16 billion. By 2010, PayPal had over 100 million active user accounts in 190 markets through 25 different currencies, in July 2011, fourteen alleged members of the Anonymous hacktivist group were charged with attempting to disrupt PayPals operations. The denial of service attacks occurred in December 2010, after PayPal stopped processing donations to Wikileaks, on December 5,2013,13 of the PayPal 14 pleaded guilty to misdemeanor and felony charges related to the attacks. The company continued to focus on growth and growth of its Merchant Services division. In 2011, PayPal announced that it would begin moving its business offline so that customers can make payments via PayPal in stores
Safari (web browser)
Safari is a web browser developed by Apple based on the WebKit engine. First released in 2003 with Mac OS X Panther, a version has been included in iOS devices since the introduction of the iPhone in 2007. It is the browser on Apple devices. A Windows version, now discontinued, was available from 2007 to 2012, until 1997, Apple Macintosh computers were shipped with the Netscape Navigator and Cyberdog web browsers only. Internet Explorer for Mac was included as the web browser for Mac OS8.1 and onwards. Microsoft ultimately released a Mac OS X edition of Internet Explorer for Mac, on January 7,2003, at Macworld San Francisco, Steve Jobs announced that Apple had developed their own web browser, called Safari. It was based on Apples internal fork of the KHTML rendering engine, Apple released the first beta version for OS X that day. A number of official and unofficial beta versions followed, until version 1.0 was released on June 23,2003. 1.0.3, released on August 13,2004 was the last version to support Mac OS X v10.2, while 1.3.2, however,10.3 received security updates through 2007.
On April 27,2005, he announced that his development version of Safari now passed the test, Safari 2.0 was released on April 29,2005, as the only web browser included with Mac OS X v10.4. This version was touted by Apple as possessing a 1. 8x speed boost over version 1.2.4, Apple eventually released version 2.0.2 of Safari, which included the modifications required to pass Acid2, on October 31,2005. In June 2005, after criticism from KHTML developers over lack of access to change logs, Apple moved the development source code. WebKit itself was released as open source. The source code for non-renderer aspects of the browser, such as its GUI elements, the final stable version of Safari 2, Safari 2.0.4, was released on January 10,2006 for Mac OS X. It was only available as part of Mac OS X Update 10.4.4 and this version addresses layout and CPU usage issues, among others. Safari 2.0.4 was the last version to be released exclusively on Mac OS X until version 6 in 2012, on January 9,2007, at Macworld SF, Jobs announced Apples iPhone, which would use a mobile version of the Safari browser.
On June 11,2007, at the Apple Worldwide Developers Conference, Jobs announced Safari 3 for Mac OS X v10.5, Windows XP, and Windows Vista. During the announcement, he ran a benchmark based on the iBench browser test suite comparing the most popular Windows browsers, hence claiming that Safari was the fastest browser
Google Chrome is a freeware web browser developed by Google. It was first released in 2008, for Microsoft Windows, and was ported to Linux, macOS, iOS. Google Chrome is the component of Chrome OS, where it serves as a platform for running web apps. Google releases the majority of Chromes source code as the Chromium open-source project, a notable component that is not open-source is the built-in Adobe Flash Player. Chrome used the WebKit layout engine until version 27, as of version 28, all Chrome ports except the iOS port use Blink, a fork of the WebKit engine. As of February 2017, StatCounter estimates that Google Chrome has a 62% worldwide usage share of web browsers as a desktop browser and it has 52% market share across all platforms combined, because it is the most popular browser for smartphones. Its success has led to Google expanding the Chrome brand name on other products such as Chromecast, Chromebit, Chromebox. Google CEO Eric Schmidt opposed the development of an independent web browser for six years and he stated that at the time, Google was a small company, and he did not want to go through bruising browser wars.
Rumors of Google building a web browser first appeared in September 2004, online journals and U. S. newspapers stated at the time that Google was hiring former Microsoft web developers among others. It came shortly after the final 1.0 release of Mozilla Firefox, the release announcement was originally scheduled for September 3,2008, and a comic by Scott McCloud was to be sent to journalists and bloggers explaining the features within the new browser. Google subsequently made the comic available on Google Books and mentioned it on their blog along with an explanation for the early release. The browser was first publicly released on September 2,2008 for Windows XP and later, with 43 supported languages, officially a beta version and this passage was inherited from the general Google terms of service. Google responded to this criticism immediately by stating that the language used was borrowed from other products, Chrome quickly gained about 1% usage share. After the initial surge, usage share dropped until it hit a low of 0.
Ronald Crawford Ron Conway is an American angel investor and philanthropist, often described as one of Silicon Valleys super angels. Conway is recognized as a strong networker, Conway graduated from San Jose State University with a bachelors degree in Political Science. Conway knew little about technology on his first entry to the business, Conway worked with National Semiconductor Corporation in marketing positions from 1973 to 1979, and at Altos Computer Systems as President and CEO from 1988 to 1990. He was the CEO of Personal Training Systems from 1991 to 1995, as founder and Managing Partner of the Angel Investors LP funds, he was an early stage investor in Google, Ask Jeeves and PayPal. He began investing independently in 2005, and by 2006 had achieved sixth place in the Forbes magazine Midas list of top dealmakers. Conways first fund, Angel Investors I, raised and invested in 1998, generated a 700% return, Conway invests with SV Angel, his investment firm. Some Valley observers, notably VentureBeat, have been critical of Ron Conway for his investments during the Internet boom, believing them to be symbolic of the era’s hubris.
Conway was embroiled in a conflict with other investors in the Angelgate scandal of 2010. Conway pushed Dave Morin, the founder of Path, to sell his company, contrary to Conways wishes, Morin opted to continue to build his company. When Morin made it clear he wouldnt sell, Conway went ballistic and he was in full on rage mode, personally threatening Morin, promising to ruin him. Conway had an dispute with his former partner in SV Angel. Despite previously signing the agreements, when Conway learned of some of the details he had previously ignored of Lees compensation and ownership of SV Angel, he blew a gasket. Fortune further noted that When Ron is your friend, he is your best and most loyal friend in the world, you dont want to piss him off. Conway was berating him, the entrepreneur told people, saying things like, you fucking fuck and he said the verbal beating from Ron was violent. Both what you wrote to me before and in this message above, I am not sure why it needed to get personal. He serves on the Benefit Committee of the Tiger Woods Foundation, Conway is on the advisory board of Sandy Hook Promise, a nonprofit organization founded by the parents of the victims of the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting.
Since questions have been raised about whether Lee has taken actions to benefit companies in which Conway has investments, in April 2013, a lobbying group called FWD. us was launched, with Ron Conway listed as one of the supporters. In 2012 Conway founded the San Francisco Citizens Initiative for Technology and Innovation, or sf. the Office of Emergency Management, the police dept. Conway has voiced opposition to Aaron Peskin as candidate for the Board Supervisors in the 2015 November election
What appears as a real opportunity ex ante might actually be a non-opportunity or one that cannot be actualized by entrepreneurs lacking the necessary business skills, financial or social capital. Traditionally, an entrepreneur has been defined as a person who starts and manages any enterprise, especially a business, usually with considerable initiative and risk. Rather than working as an employee, an entrepreneur runs a business and assumes all the risk and reward of a given business venture, idea. The entrepreneur is commonly seen as a leader and innovator of new ideas. They act as the manager and oversee the launch and growth of an enterprise, Entrepreneurship is the process by which an individual identifies a business opportunity and acquires and deploys the necessary resources required for its exploitation. For Schumpeter, the changes and dynamic disequilibrium brought on by the innovating entrepreneur, the ‘norm’ of a healthy economy. Entrepreneurial spirit is characterized by innovation and risk-taking, for example, in the 2000s, the field of social entrepreneurship has been identified, in which entrepreneurs combine business activities with humanitarian, environmental or community goals.
In the 2010s, entrepreneurship can be studied in college or university as part of the disciplines of management or business administration, Entrepreneur, is a loanword from French. First used in 1723, today the term entrepreneur implies qualities of leadership, economist Robert Reich has called team-building and management ability essential qualities for the entrepreneur. Historically the study of entrepreneurship reaches back to the work in the late 17th and early 18th centuries of Richard Cantillon and Adam Smith, which was foundational to classical economics. In the 20th century, entrepreneurship was studied by Joseph Schumpeter in the 1930s and other Austrian economists such as Carl Menger, Ludwig von Mises, the term entrepreneurship was coined around the 1920s, while the loan from French of the word entrepreneur dates to the 1850s. According to Schumpeter, an entrepreneur is willing and able to convert a new idea or invention into a successful innovation, creative destruction is largely responsible for long-term economic growth.
The idea that leads to economic growth is an interpretation of the residual in endogenous growth theory. For Schumpeter, entrepreneurship resulted in new industries and in new combinations of currently existing inputs, Schumpeters initial example of this was the combination of a steam engine and current wagon making technologies to produce the horseless carriage. In this case the innovation, the car, was transformational and it did not immediately replace the horse-drawn carriage, but in time, incremental improvements reduced the cost and improved the technology, leading to the modern auto industry. Despite Schumpeters early 20th-century contributions, traditional microeconomic theory did not formally consider the entrepreneur in its theoretical frameworks, in this treatment, the entrepreneur was an implied but unspecified actor, consistent with the concept of the entrepreneur being the agent of x-efficiency. For Schumpeter, the entrepreneur did not bear risk, the capitalist did, Schumpeter was of the opinion that entrepreneurs shift the Production Possibility Curve to a higher level using innovations.
Cantillon emphasized the willingness of the entrepreneur to assume risk and to deal with uncertainty, thus, he draws attention to the function of the entrepreneur, and distinguishes clearly between the function of the entrepreneur and the owner who provides the money
Time is an American weekly news magazine published in New York City. It was founded in 1923 and for decades was dominated by Henry Luce, a European edition is published in London and covers the Middle East, Africa and, since 2003, Latin America. An Asian edition is based in Hong Kong, the South Pacific edition, which covers Australia, New Zealand and the Pacific Islands, is based in Sydney, Australia. In December 2008, Time discontinued publishing a Canadian advertiser edition, Time has the worlds largest circulation for a weekly news magazine, and has a readership of 26 million,20 million of which are based in the United States. As of 2012, it had a circulation of 3.3 million making it the eleventh most circulated magazine in the United States reception room circuit, as of 2015, its circulation was 3,036,602. Richard Stengel was the editor from May 2006 to October 2013. Nancy Gibbs has been the editor since October 2013. Time magazine was created in 1923 by Briton Hadden and Henry Luce, the two had previously worked together as chairman and managing editor respectively of the Yale Daily News.
They first called the proposed magazine Facts and they wanted to emphasize brevity, so that a busy man could read it in an hour. They changed the name to Time and used the slogan Take Time–Its Brief and it set out to tell the news through people, and for many decades the magazines cover depicted a single person. More recently, Time has incorporated People of the Year issues which grew in popularity over the years, notable mentions of them were Barack Obama, Steve Jobs, Matej Turk, etc. The first issue of Time was published on March 3,1923, featuring Joseph G. Cannon, the retired Speaker of the House of Representatives, on its cover, a facsimile reprint of Issue No. 1, including all of the articles and advertisements contained in the original, was included with copies of the February 28,1938 issue as a commemoration of the magazines 15th anniversary. The cover price was 15¢ On Haddens death in 1929, Luce became the dominant man at Time, the Intimate History of a Publishing Enterprise 1923–1941.
In 1929, Roy Larsen was named a Time Inc. director, J. P. Morgan retained a certain control through two directorates and a share of stocks, both over Time and Fortune. Other shareholders were Brown Brothers W. A. Harriman & Co. the Intimate History of a Changing Enterprise 1957–1983. According to the September 10,1979 issue of The New York Times, after Time magazine began publishing its weekly issues in March 1923, Roy Larsen was able to increase its circulation by utilizing U. S. radio and movie theaters around the world. It often promoted both Time magazine and U. S. political and corporate interests, Larsen next arranged for a 30-minute radio program, The March of Time, to be broadcast over CBS, beginning on March 6,1931
Its headquarters are in Nanshan District, Shenzhen. Its offerings in China include the well-known instant messenger Tencent QQ and one of the largest web portals, Mobile chat service WeChat has helped bolster Tencents continued expansion into smartphone services. Tencent holds 15% stake of JD. com, one of the largest B2C online retailers in China, in April 13,2015, the market value of Tencent exceeded US$200 billion for the first time, hitting US$206 billion. On September 8,2015, Tencent became the largest Internet company in Asia by value after Alibaba Group Holding Limited suffered a drop in its share value. In April 2017, Tencent surpassed Wells Fargo and became the 10th biggest company in the world, Tencent was founded by Ma Huateng, Zhang Zhidong, Xu Chenye, Chen Yidan and Zeng Liqing in November 1998 as Tencent Inc. Incorporated in the Cayman Islands, initial funding was provided to it by venture capitalists, in Feb 1999, Tencents iconic messenger product OICQ released. Shortly after, Tencent had its name changed to QQ, this was said to be due to a threat from ICQ.
The company remained unprofitable for the first three years, South African media company Naspers purchased a 46% share of Tencent in 2001. Tencent Holding Ltd was listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange on 16 June 2004, the company originally derived income solely from advertising and premium users of QQ, who pay monthly fees to receive added extras. By 2008, Tencent was seeing profit growth from the sale of virtual goods, while Tencents services have included online gaming since 2004, around 2007-2008 it rapidly increased its offerings by licensing games. While least two, CrossFire and Dungeon Fighter Online, were produced by South Korean game developers. On February 18,2011, Tencent acquired a majority equity interest in Riot Games, developer of League of Legends, Tencent had already held 22. 34% of the equity interest out of a previous investment in 2008. On the 16th December 2015, Riot Games sold its equity to Tencent Holdings. Tencent acquired a minority stake in Epic Games, developer of franchises like Unreal, Gears of War and Infinity Blade, Tencent in 2013 increased its stake in Kingsoft Network Technology, a subsidiary of Kingsoft Corporation, to 18%.
Tencent previously had a 15. 68% stake in the company, Tencent took part in Activision Blizzard splitting from Vivendi as a passive investor in 2013 and now owns about 5% of the shares as of 2016. On September 17,2013, it was announced that Tencent had invested $448 million for a minority share in Chinese search engine Sogou. com, the subsidiary of Sohu, Inc. On January 15,2014, Tencent said it will invest HKD1.5 billion in logistics and warehouse firm China South City Holdings Ltd to develop its e-commerce and logistics business. On February 27,2014, Tencent purchased a 20-percent stake in restaurant ratings and group buying website Dianping for $400 million
Cascading Style Sheets
Cascading Style Sheets is a style sheet language used for describing the presentation of a document written in a markup language. It can display the web page differently depending on the size or viewing device. Readers can specify a different style sheet, such as a CSS file stored on their own computer, to override the one the author specified. Changes to the design of a document can be applied quickly and easily, by editing a few lines in the CSS file they use. The CSS specification describes a priority scheme to determine which style rules apply if more than one rule matches against a particular element, in this so-called cascade, priorities are calculated and assigned to rules, so that the results are predictable. The CSS specifications are maintained by the World Wide Web Consortium, Internet media type text/css is registered for use with CSS by RFC2318. The W3C operates a free CSS validation service for CSS documents, CSS has a simple syntax and uses a number of English keywords to specify the names of various style properties. A style sheet consists of a list of rules, each rule or rule-set consists of one or more selectors, and a declaration block.
In CSS, selectors declare which part of the markup a style applies to by matching tags, Selectors may apply to, all elements of a specific type, e. g. Classes and IDs are case-sensitive, start with letters, and can include alphanumeric characters and underscores. A class may apply to any number of instances of any elements, an ID may only be applied to a single element. Pseudo-classes are used in CSS selectors to permit formatting based on information that is not contained in the document tree. One example of a widely used pseudo-class is, which identifies content only when the points to the visible element. It is appended to a selector as in a, hover or #elementid, a pseudo-class classifies document elements, such as, link or, whereas a pseudo-element makes a selection that may consist of partial elements, such as, first-line or, first-letter. Selectors may be combined in ways to achieve great specificity and flexibility. Multiple selectors may be joined in a spaced list to specify elements by location, element type, id, the order of the selectors is important.
For example, div. myClass applies to all elements of class myClass that are inside div elements, the following table provides a summary of selector syntax indicating usage and the version of CSS that introduced it. A declaration block consists of a list of declarations in braces, each declaration itself consists of a property, a colon, and a value. If there are multiple declarations in a block, a semi-colon must be inserted to separate each declaration, properties are specified in the CSS standard
Newsweek is an American weekly news magazine founded in 1933. It was published in four English language editions and 12 global editions written in the language of the circulation region, between 2008 and 2012, Newsweek underwent internal and external contractions designed to shift the magazines focus and audience while improving its finances. Instead, losses accelerated, revenue dropped 38 percent from 2007 to 2009, in November 2010, Newsweek merged with the news and opinion website The Daily Beast, forming The Newsweek Daily Beast Company, after negotiations between the owners of the two publications. Tina Brown, The Daily Beasts editor-in-chief, served as the editor of both publications, Newsweek was jointly owned by the estate of the late Harman and the diversified American media and Internet company IAC. Newsweek ceased print publication with the December 31,2012, issue and transitioned to an all-digital format, IBT Media relaunched a print edition of Newsweek on March 7,2014. In 2003, worldwide circulation was more than 4 million, including 2.7 million in the U.
S, Newsweek publishes editions in Japanese, Polish, Rioplatense Spanish and Turkish, as well as an English language Newsweek International. Russian Newsweek, published since 2004, was shut in October 2010, the Bulletin incorporated an international news section from Newsweek. Based in New York City, the magazine claimed 22 bureaus in 2011, New York City, Los Angeles, Chicago/Detroit, Miami, Washington, D. C. Boston and San Francisco, and others overseas in London, Berlin, Jerusalem, Tokyo, Hong Kong, South Asia, Cape Town, Mexico City and Buenos Aires. News-Week was launched in 1933 by Thomas J. C. Martyn and he obtained financial backing from a group of U. S. stockholders which included Ward Cheney, of the Cheney silk family, John Hay Whitney, and Paul Mellon, son of Andrew W. Mellon. Paul Mellons ownership in Newsweek apparently represented the first attempt of the Mellon family to function journalistically on a national scale, the group of original owners invested around $2.5 million. Other large stockholders prior to 1946 were public utilities investment banker Stanley Childs, journalist Samuel T.
Williamson served as the first editor-in-chief of Newsweek. The first issue of the magazine was dated 17 February 1933, seven photographs from the weeks news were printed on the first issues cover. In 1937 News-Week merged with the weekly journal Today, which had founded in 1932 by future New York Governor and diplomat W. Averell Harriman. In 1937 Malcolm Muir took over as president and editor-in-chief and he changed the name to Newsweek, emphasized interpretive stories, introduced signed columns, and launched international editions. Over time the magazine developed a spectrum of material, from breaking stories and analysis to reviews. The magazine was purchased by The Washington Post Company in 1961, osborn Elliott was named editor of Newsweek in 1961 and became the editor in chief in 1969. The women won, and Newsweek agreed to allow women to be reporters, edward Kosner became editor from 1975 to 1979 after directing the magazine’s extensive coverage of the Watergate scandal that led to the resignation of President Richard Nixon in 1974
Entrepreneur is a North American magazine and website that carries news stories about entrepreneurship, small business management, and business. The magazine was first published in 1977 and it is published by Entrepreneur Media Inc. headquartered in Irvine, California. The magazine publishes 12 issues annually, available through subscription and on newsstands and it is published under license internationally in Mexico, India, the Philippines, South Africa, and others. Its editor-in-chief is Jason Feifer and its owner is Peter Shea, every year since 1979, Entrepreneur has published a list of its top 500 franchise companies based on a submission and review process. The magazine published many other lists and awards, in 1987, the magazine launched its website, Entrepreneur. com, which expanded to include features and other publications and spin-offs. As of 2013, the website received more than 6 million unique visitors each month, Entrepreneur publishes the Entrepreneur StartUps magazine, available through subscription and on newsstands.
The magazine publishes a blog managed by a dedicated online staff and it is published in digital editions through its mobile apps. In 1999, the website YoungEntrepreneur. com was created as a spin-off of Entrepreneur. com and it is an online forum for young entrepreneurs. In 2010, Entrepreneur launched the website SecondAct. com, which is targeted towards an older audience, when launched, the site used advertising as its sole source of revenue. Entrepreneur publishes books through its Entrepreneur Press division, the company has a backlist of over 200 titles on business and entrepreneurship. In 2006, unusual web traffic measurements led to allegations that Entrepreneur. com used pop-ups to artificially boost its number of readers, the company has been involved in many lawsuits regarding its trademark on the word entrepreneur, suing a wide variety of entities for using the word