Weesp–Leiden railway

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Schiphollijn
Spoorlijn weesp leiden.png
Overview
TypeHeavy rail
SystemNederlandse Spoorwegen
LocaleNorth and South Holland
TerminiWeesp
Leiden Centraal
Stations9
Operation
Opened1978
OwnerProRail
Operator(s)Nederlandse Spoorwegen
Technical
Track length30 kilometres (19 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Route map

km
Weesp–Lelystad railway
to Almere Centrum
Amsterdam–Zutphen railway
to Amersfoort
River Vecht
142.4
Weesp
Amsterdam–Zutphen railway
to Amsterdam Centraal
148.7
Diemen Zuid
Amsterdam–Arnhem railway
to Amsterdam Centraal
150.3
0.0
Duivendrecht
Utrechtboog flyover
Amsterdam–Arnhem railway
to Utrecht
River Amstel
4.1
Amsterdam RAI
5.5
Amsterdam Zuid
Amsterdam–Schiphol railway
to Amsterdam Centraal
14.3
Schiphol Amsterdam Airport Schiphol
19.9
Hoofddorp
HSL-Zuid
to Rotterdam
24.3
Nieuw Vennep
34.7
Sassenheim
Amsterdam–Haarlem–Rotterdam rly
to Haarlem
Leiden Centraal
Amsterdam–Haarlem–Rotterdam rly
to Den Haag

The Weesp–Leiden railway (Dutch: Schiphollijn) is a railway line in the Netherlands which runs between the cities of Weesp and Leiden; the line also passes through and serves Amsterdam Airport Schiphol.

History[edit]

The first section of the Schiphollijn was opened on 20 December 1978 between Schiphol and Amsterdam Zuid. At the time, this section of railway was not connected to the rest of the Dutch railway network.[citation needed] This section of the Schiphollijn features a 6 kilometres (3.7 mi)-long tunnel, in which Schiphol railway station is located. When it was constructed, Schiphol was the only railway station in the Netherlands to be in-tunnel.[citation needed]

The line was extended in both directions in 1981 to Amsterdam RAI and Leiden Centraal; new stations were opened at Hoofddorp and Nieuw-Vennep.

In 1986, a connection to Amsterdam Centraal was completed: the Amsterdam–Schiphol railway. Stations were opened at Amsterdam Lelylaan, Amsterdam De Vlugtlaan and Amsterdam Sloterdijk. Amsterdam De Vlugtlaan was closed in 2000, after the opening of the Hemboog: a chord at Amsterdam Sloterdijk which connects Schiphol and the city of Zaandam.[citation needed]

The Schiphollijn was completed in 1993 when the railway was extended to the town of Weesp. This enabled direct connections to Schiphol Airport from the eastern and northern provinces of the Netherlands to Schiphol. Duivendrecht station opened to provide a connection between the new line and the Amsterdam–Arnhem railway.

The most important stations on this line are:

  • Leiden Centraal
  • Hoofddorp
  • Schiphol
  • Amsterdam Zuid
  • Duivendrecht
  • Weesp