Tuindorp Oostzaan is a neighborhood of Amsterdam, Netherlands. The neighborhood is named after the adjacent village Oostzaan, approximately 20 minutes from Amsterdam Airport Schiphol. As of January 1,2010, the neighborhood had an estimated at 10.380. Tuindorp Oostzaan was originally a working-class neighborhood and it is one of the so-called garden villages that was developed around 1919 between the First and Second World War as a counterbalance to the impoverished neighborhoods in the city. Another reason for the neighborhood of Tuindorp Oostzaan to arise was the need of housing of the group of workers from the new industry. The levee breach on the night of January 14,1960 made a deep impression, within a few hours waters rose up to two meters high in Tuindorp Oostzaan and nearby neighborhoods. Some people had to be evacuated by boats, a coincidence, was the conclusion about the cause of the flooding. Probably caused by a burst water pipe, the total damage amounted to about eight million guilders which at that time was a substantial amount.
Reportedly, the compensation of the government was so generous that people joked, Give us our daily bread, nowadays the district has more than 10,000 inhabitants. Relatively speaking, there are many people and families with children compared to all of Amsterdam-Noord. Single family homes are in the majority, the old, low-lying part of Tuindorp Oostzaan is mostly built in the twenties. The upper part is built in different periods of time and contains more modern houses, apartments, present-day Tuindorp Oostzaan will offer you an exciting mix of experimental festivals, picturesque country villages and stylish restaurants. Close by you will find the NDSM terrain, a creative hotspot, NDSM is the new focal point for creative urban energy
Schellingwoude is a former village in the Dutch province of North Holland. It was located in the municipality of Amsterdam, on the border of the IJ. It is now a neighbourhood of the city of Amsterdam, Schellingwoude was a separate municipality between 1817 and 1857, when it was merged with Ransdorp. In order to stop the loss caused by the Zuiderzee. On this dike the village Schellingwoude was founded, sources of income were farming and fishing. During the 14th century trade was coming on and became important in the 16th century. But the competition with Amsterdam was enormous, so the shipping activities got less, in those days Schellingwoude was a village of distinction. For the surrounding villages the administration of justice took place in Schellingwoude, in 1622 the population of Schellingwoude was 1048, in 1809 this number was dropped till 684. The decline in the trade and shipping activities was the cause of this reduction. The activities that remained were farming and some industrial activity, in 1800 Schellingwoude had two mills.
An important lock, the Oranjesluizen, together with a pumping station, was ready in 1872. King Willem III laid the first stone on 29 April 1870, the Oranjesluizen and the Schellingwouder Bridge, built in 1957 over the Buiten-IJ, are two identification marks at the east side of the village. With the arrival of the Oranjesluizen, Schellingwoude got a boost, the lock created new jobs and new houses were built. The village had five pubs at that time. The villages at the Waterlandse Zeedijk were extremely stricken by the flood of 1916, in 1921 Amsterdam incorporated the villages Buiksloot and Ransdorp. Since the 14th century the village has a church, the Schellingwouder church was built on a terp behind the dyke. The current church is dated from 1866, the church chest from 1659 has survived. Important document were kept in that, the chest has a text engraved in memory of the people of Schellingwoude who stood up for their rights at that time
Holysloot is a village in the Dutch province of North Holland. It is a part of the municipality of Amsterdam, and lies about 9 km northeast of the city centre, the name Holysloot probably derives from an expression for a low-lying area at a ditch. Holysloot is a part of the deelgemeente Amsterdam-Noord, the village has about 160 inhabitants. Holysloot was a municipality between 1 May 1817 and 1 January 1818, when it was merged with Ransdorp
North Holland is a province in the northwest of the Netherlands. It is situated on the North Sea, north of South Holland and Utrecht, in 2015, it had a population of 2,762,163 and a total area of 2,670 km2. From the 9th to the 16th century, the area was a part of the County of Holland. During this period West Friesland was incorporated, in the 17th and 18th century, the area was part of the province of Holland. At that time, the distinction between the Noorderkwartier and the Zuiderkwartier became common, in 1840, the province of Holland was split into the two provinces of North Holland and South Holland. In 1855, the Haarlemmermeer was drained and turned into land, the capital and seat of the provincial government is Haarlem, and Amsterdam, the Netherlands capital city, is the provinces largest city. The Kings Commissioner of North Holland is Johan Remkes, there are 51 municipalities and three water boards in the province. For most of its history, the province of North Holland was an integral part of Holland.
From the 9th century to the 16th century, Holland was a county ruled by the counts of Holland, during this period an area known as West Friesland was conquered and integrated into Holland. For centuries afterwards Holland would be officially called Holland and West Friesland, the people of West Friesland had a strong sense of identity as a region within Holland. From the 16th century to 1795, Holland was the wealthiest and most important province in the United Provinces in the Dutch Republic, as the richest and most powerful province, Holland dominated the union. During this period a distinction was made between the North Quarter and the South Quarter, areas that roughly correspond to the two modern provinces. The province of North Holland as it is today has its origins in the period of French rule from 1795 to 1813 and this was a time of bewildering changes to the Dutch system of provinces. In 1795 the old order was swept away and the Batavian Republic was established, in the Constitution enacted on 23 April 1798, the old borders were radically changed.
The republic was reorganised into eight departments with roughly equal populations, Holland was split up into five departments named Texel, Delf, Schelde en Maas, and Rijn. The first three of these lay within the borders of the old Holland, the two were made up of parts of different provinces. In 1801 the old borders were restored when the department of Holland was created and this reorganisation had been short-lived, but it gave birth to the concept of breaking up Holland and making it a less powerful province. This time the two departments were called Amstelland and Maasland and this did not last long
Nieuwendam is a former village in the Dutch province of North Holland. It is now a neighbourhood of Amsterdam-Noord, Nieuwendam was a separate municipality until 1921, when it was merged with Amsterdam. The municipality covered the villages of Nieuwendam and Zunderdorp, J. Kuyper, Gemeente Atlas van Nederland, 1865-1870, Nieuwendam. Map of the municipality, around 1868
Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Its status as the capital is mandated by the Constitution of the Netherlands, although it is not the seat of the government, which is The Hague. Amsterdam has a population of 851,373 within the city proper,1,351,587 in the urban area, the city is located in the province of North Holland in the west of the country. The metropolitan area comprises much of the part of the Randstad, one of the larger conurbations in Europe. Amsterdams name derives from Amstelredamme, indicative of the citys origin around a dam in the river Amstel, during that time, the city was the leading centre for finance and diamonds. In the 19th and 20th centuries the city expanded, and many new neighborhoods and suburbs were planned, the 17th-century canals of Amsterdam and the 19–20th century Defence Line of Amsterdam are on the UNESCO World Heritage List. As the commercial capital of the Netherlands and one of the top financial centres in Europe, Amsterdam is considered a world city by the Globalization.
The city is the capital of the Netherlands. Many large Dutch institutions have their headquarters there, and seven of the worlds 500 largest companies, including Philips and ING, are based in the city. In 2012, Amsterdam was ranked the second best city to live in by the Economist Intelligence Unit and 12th globally on quality of living for environment, the city was ranked 3rd in innovation by Australian innovation agency 2thinknow in their Innovation Cities Index 2009. The Amsterdam seaport to this day remains the second in the country, famous Amsterdam residents include the diarist Anne Frank, artists Rembrandt van Rijn and Vincent van Gogh, and philosopher Baruch Spinoza. The Amsterdam Stock Exchange, the oldest stock exchange in the world, is located in the city center. After the floods of 1170 and 1173, locals near the river Amstel built a bridge over the river, the earliest recorded use of that name is in a document dated October 27,1275, which exempted inhabitants of the village from paying bridge tolls to Count Floris V.
This allowed the inhabitants of the village of Aemstelredamme to travel freely through the County of Holland, paying no tolls at bridges, the certificate describes the inhabitants as homines manentes apud Amestelledamme. By 1327, the name had developed into Aemsterdam, Amsterdam is much younger than Dutch cities such as Nijmegen and Utrecht. In October 2008, historical geographer Chris de Bont suggested that the land around Amsterdam was being reclaimed as early as the late 10th century. This does not necessarily mean there was already a settlement then, since reclamation of land may not have been for farming—it may have been for peat. Amsterdam was granted city rights in either 1300 or 1306, from the 14th century on, Amsterdam flourished, largely from trade with the Hanseatic League
Zunderdorp is a town in the Dutch province of North Holland. It is a part of the municipality of Amsterdam, and lies about 7 km northeast of Amsterdam, in 2001, the town of Zunderdorp had 237 inhabitants. The built-up area of the town was 0.05 km², the village is a part of the deelgemeente Amsterdam-Noord
De Negen Straatjes is a neighborhood of Amsterdam, Netherlands. It consists of nine streets of the Prinsengracht, Herengracht. Together they form a sub-neighborhood within the larger western Grachtengordel, one with small and diverse shops. The construction in this area back to the first half of the 17th century. The Negen Straatjes is bordered on the north by the Raadhuisstraat, the idea to promote the Nine Little Streets as a shopping area came from Djoeke Wessing. Still a local shop keeper, she wanted a name for the area to give the same allure as the Jordan. This, she felt, would promote cooperation and business growth, the Association of The 9 Streets was founded on November 12,1996. Nobody thought it was a name at the time, but the name has stuck. In recent years the Hazenstraat, a street of the Elandsgracht in the Jordaan
Amsterdam-Centrum is the inner-most borough of Amsterdam, Netherlands. Established in 2002, Amsterdam-Centrum was the last area in the city to be granted the status of self-governing borough, the borough is only 8.04 km2 large and covers the old innercity and the UNESCO-listed Amsterdam canal belt. In 2013, the borough had approximately 85,000 inhabitants, since the 2014 municipal elections, the district councils have been abolished and replaced by smaller, but still directly elected district committees. The district committees are elected every four years, on the day as the citys central municipal council. Each district committee elects three of its members to form an executive committee, the district committees jurisdiction is determined by the central municipal council. The former district council of Amsterdam-Centrum originally had 27 members but was enlarged in 2006 with two extra members, the last district executive board president was Jeanine van Pinxteren, who had succeeded Els Iping and Anne Lize van der Stoel.
The new district committee of Amsterdam-Centrum consists of 13 members, the committee was elected on March 19,2014. Five national political parties are represented in the committee, on April 7,2014, the committee elected its executive committee. Executive committee chair is Boudewijn Oranje, the members are Jeanine van Pinxteren. The borough office of Amsterdam-Centrum is located at City Hall, known as the Stopera building