Weil der Stadt
Weil der Stadt is a town of about 19,000 inhabitants, located in the Stuttgart Region of the German state of Baden-Württemberg. It is about 30 km west of Stuttgart city center, is called "Gate to the Black Forest"; the town is located in the beautiful valley of the river Würm. The original settlement was named Vila, from the Latin villa, which meant "estate, manor" and in late antiquity came to mean "small town"; this evolved into Weil. The suffix "die Stadt" was added to distinguish the town from villages of the same name, such as Weil im Dorf and Weil im Schönbuch. Among other things the city is known throughout Germany as "a grammatical error with 20,000 inhabitants" for its unusual name which could be translated to either "Because, the city" with the word "city" being masculine instead of feminine or "because of the city" if the word "city" was not in the dative case; the name arose because the place of issue in official documents was given as "gegeben zu Weil, der Stadt". The Roman origins of the city are immortalized in the coat-of-arms.
In 1075 A. D. the village "Wile" was first mentioned in a document as the property of the famous monastery Hirsau. Weil der Stadt became a Free Imperial City in the 13th century, but had existed for centuries before as an important trading place, it was destroyed during the Thirty Years' War in 1648 but was subsequently rebuilt, the center is still dominated by buildings from this period. The city fortifications are still nearly intact with city walls and several towers called "Red Tower" or "Thief's Tower", "Rope-Maker's Tower", "Raven's Tower". Weil der Stadt is best known as the birthplace of both the astronomer Johannes Kepler and the Protestant reformer Johannes Brenz of Württemberg; the association with Kepler is the reason for the town's unofficial title. Due to its surroundings and attractive cityscape, dominated by the church steeple of St. Peter and Paul, Weil der Stadt is a popular destination for excursions in the Stuttgart region. At the beginning of the 19th century, Weil der Stadt became part of the Kingdom of Württemberg.
Since 1952, the town has been part of the German Federal State of Baden-Württemberg. Since 1973, Weil der Stadt has been part of the district of Böblingen, including the municipalities of Merklingen, Hausen an der Würm, Schafhausen and Münklingen. Weil der Stadt is connected to Stuttgart and Calw by federal highway B 295. Weil der Stadt station is on the Black Forest Railway and is the terminus of line S 6 of the Stuttgart S-Bahn. Weil der Stadt is a stronghold of traditional carnival, celebrated with a parade in the city center. In contrast to the carnival in the Rhineland, the carnival in Weil der Stadt, called Fasnet, is based on Alemannic traditions which are celebrated in various towns in South Western Germany and Switzerland. Weil der Stadt escaped destruction in World War II when a French artillery barrage was called off in honor of its being Kepler's birthplace. Borst and Joachim Feist. Weil der Stadt. Stuttgart: Theiss Verlag, Second Edition 1989. Official website Marktplatz, Weil der Stadt, Baden Württemberg, Deutschland
Gärtringen is a municipality in the district of Böblingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It consists of the villages Rohrau and Gärtringen. Friedrich Sieburg, journalist and literary critic, lived in the Villa Schwalbenhof since the 1950s until his death. Qianhong Gotsch, Chinese-German table tennis player
Waldenbuch is a town in the district of Böblingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is the home of the popular Ritter Sport brand of chocolate. Waldenbuch is situated at an altitude reaching from 340 to 460 meters on the northern edge of Schönbuch forest, 16 km south of Stuttgart. Waldenbuch consists of the following districts Sonnenhang, Weilerberg, Glashütte, Stadtkern and Hasenhof. Waldenbuch was first mentioned in documents in 1296; the city rights were confirmed September 14, 1363. Since 1363 the city was under the repurchase option of Austria. Since the Reformation Waldenbuch has been Evangelical, it was only in 1950 that WW2 German expellees founded St. Martinus; the number of residents are statistical data from the data office in Stuttgart. Country road 1208 connects the city to the south with Tübingen; the L 1185 leads east to Nürtingen. In 1928 the Siebenmühlental-Railway opened to Leinfelden and was decommissioned in 1956; the local public transport system is operated today by bus line 86 of the Stuttgarter Straßenbahnen.
Bus lines 760, 826 and 828 are operated by Regional Bus Stuttgart. In the centre of Waldenbuch is the town's landmark Schloss Waldenbuch; the castle is the domicile of the Museum der Alltagskultur, one of the most important museums of folk culture in Germany. The Stadtkirche St. Veit, dates back in its origins to the 14th century; the old rectory is in the immediate vicinity of the town church. The current building dates from 1720; the Schloss Waldenbuch was a hunting lodge of the Dukes of Württemberg. The core of the system goes back to a castle, first mentioned in 1381. Castle and Stadtkirche including associated buildings make up the market square where the town hall is situated. Opposite the town hall is the headquarters counterclaim a half-timbered building, it was built around 1750 as a guesthouse for court hunting parties. The market fountain, in the middle of the square, dates back to 1953; the Dannecker House, built around 1620. Here the sculptor Johann Heinrich Dannecker spent his childhood with his grandparents.
The official website of Waldenbuch Stuttgart tourist site on Waldenbuch Museum der Alltagskultur
A town is a human settlement. Towns are larger than villages but smaller than cities, though the criteria to distinguish them vary between different parts of the world; the word town shares an origin with the German word Zaun, the Dutch word tuin, the Old Norse tun. The German word Zaun comes closest to the original meaning of the word: a fence of any material. An early borrowing from Celtic *dunom. In English and Dutch, the meaning of the word took on the sense of the space which these fences enclosed. In England, a town was a small community that could not afford or was not allowed to build walls or other larger fortifications, built a palisade or stockade instead. In the Netherlands, this space was a garden, more those of the wealthy, which had a high fence or a wall around them. In Old Norse tun means a place between farmhouses, the word is still used in a similar meaning in modern Norwegian. In Old English and Early and Middle Scots, the words ton, etc. could refer to diverse kinds of settlements from agricultural estates and holdings picking up the Norse sense at one end of the scale, to fortified municipalities.
If there was any distinction between toun and burgh as claimed by some, it did not last in practice as burghs and touns developed. For example, "Edina Burgh" or "Edinburgh" was built around a fort and came to have a defensive wall. In some cases, "town" is an alternative name for "city" or "village". Sometimes, the word "town" is short for "township". In general, today towns can be differentiated from townships, villages, or hamlets on the basis of their economic character, in that most of a town's population will tend to derive their living from manufacturing industry and public services rather than primary industry such as agriculture or related activities. A place's population size is not a reliable determinant of urban character. In many areas of the world, e.g. in India at least until recent times, a large village might contain several times as many people as a small town. In the United Kingdom, there are historical cities; the modern phenomenon of extensive suburban growth, satellite urban development, migration of city dwellers to villages has further complicated the definition of towns, creating communities urban in their economic and cultural characteristics but lacking other characteristics of urban localities.
Some forms of non-rural settlement, such as temporary mining locations, may be non-rural, but have at best a questionable claim to be called a town. Towns exist as distinct governmental units, with defined borders and some or all of the appurtenances of local government. In the United States these are referred to as "incorporated towns". In other cases the town lacks its own governance and is said to be "unincorporated". Note that the existence of an unincorporated town may be set out by other means, e.g. zoning districts. In the case of some planned communities, the town exists in the form of covenants on the properties within the town; the United States Census identifies many census-designated places by the names of unincorporated towns which lie within them. The distinction between a town and a city depends on the approach: a city may be an administrative entity, granted that designation by law, but in informal usage, the term is used to denote an urban locality of a particular size or importance: whereas a medieval city may have possessed as few as 10,000 inhabitants, today some consider an urban place of fewer than 100,000 as a town though there are many designated cities that are much smaller than that.
Australian geographer Thomas Griffith Taylor proposed a classification of towns based on their age and pattern of land use. He identified five types of town: Infantile towns, with no clear zoning Juvenile towns, which have developed an area of shops Adolescent towns, where factories have started to appear Early mature towns, with a separate area of high-class housing Mature towns, with defined industrial and various types of residential area In Afghanistan and cities are known as shār; as the country is an rural society with few larger settlements, with major cities never holding more than a few hundred thousand inhabitants before the 2000s, the lingual tradition of the country does not discriminate between towns and cities. In Albania "qytezë" means town, similar with the word for city. Although there is no official use of the term for any settlement. In Albanian "qytezë" means "small city" or "new city", while in ancient times "small residential center within the walls of a castle"; the center is a population group, larger than a village, smaller than a city.
Though the village is bigger than a hamlet In Australia, towns or "urban centre localities" are understood to be those centers of population not formally declared to be cities and having a population in excess of about 200 people. Centers too small to be called towns are understood to be a township. In addition, some local government entities are styled as towns in Queensland, Western Australia and the Northern Territory, before the statewide amalgamations of th
Herrenberg is a town in the middle of Baden-Württemberg, about 30 km south of Stuttgart and 20 km from Tübingen. After Sindelfingen, Böblingen, Leonberg, it is the fourth largest town in the district of Böblingen; the number of inhabitants of Herrenberg exceeded 20,000 in 1972 due to the incorporation of the following independent municipalities: In 1965 Affstätt In 1971 Haslach, Kuppingen, Mönchberg In 1972 Oberjesingen In 1975 Gültstein Herrenberg is situated on the western edge of the Schönbuch forest and is a central town within the Gäu region. The Stiftskirche, which houses the Glockenmuseum, is a tourist attraction in the main square. Herrenberg station is on the Gäu Railway and is at the start of the Ammer Valley Railway It is the southern end of services on line S1 of the Stuttgart S-Bahn, it has connections, via the A81, to Stuttgart and northern Germany. To the south the A81 provides access to Switzerland and Italy. Herrenberg is close to Strasbourg, only about 110 km to the west; the following towns and municipalities border Herrenberg.
They are listed in clockwise direction beginning in the north: Deckenpfronn, Gärtringen, Nufringen and Altdorf, Ammerbuch, Gäufelden and Jettingen as well as Wildberg. The once small community Herrenberg was formed out of the hamlets "Mühlhausen" and "Raistingen", who were combinated in the 13th century, when Herrenberg was founded. In 1278, Herrenberg was first documented, although Pfalzgraf Rudolf von Tübingen wrote in 1228 "castrum nostrum herrenberc" into a certificate. From 1276, the church building was started, which at the time, had two towers. Herrenberg consists of the town center and the 7 additional towns which were merged in the regional reorganization of the 1960s and 1970s; this includes Affstätt, Gültstein, Kayh, Kuppingen, Mönchberg and Oberjesingen. In each different area of Herrenberg there is an office for a town clerk. ¹ Census results ² Herrenberg Amtsblatt 23 November 2006 The local council has, since the last election on 13. June 2004, has a total of 40 Seats; the distribution of the different parties and groups are as follows: CDU 30,6% - 13 Seats FW 21,8% - 9 Seats SPD 21,9% - 9 Seats Grüne 16,3% - 6 Seats Frauenliste 9,4% - 3 Seats Others 0,0% - 0 Seats Internationally known businesses located in Herrenberg include: Frog Design IBM Omega Pharma Walter Knoll Herrenberg has several hotels as well as accommodations in smaller guest houses in the Old Town.
The Old Town has many restaurants including. There are ice cream shops and cafes; the Stadtfest is held annually in July. 25,000 people turn up for the town festival to celebrate and listen to the live music in the squares. The symbol of the town, the traditional church "Stiftskirche", with its Glockenmuseum the tower, as well as the "Herrenberger Rathaus" and the historical ruins of the castle "Schlossberg", are an attractive destination for tourists of all over the world. There are guided tours as well through the historical buildings of the town. Large sections of the old city wall are still standing and numerous timber-framed houses fill the "Old Town" surrounding the "Marktplatz"
Hildrizhausen is a town in the district of Böblingen in Baden-Württemberg in Germany. The village is located on a clearing of the forest "Schönbuch" and about 9 kilometres south of Böblingen. In Hildrizhausen there is one of the two sources of the river "Würm". Hildrizhausen was most founded in the 8th century. Hildrizhausen features in a novel "The Schoenbuch Forest" by Robert John Goddard published in paperback by Bright Pen and available as an e-book
The Black Forest is a large forested mountain range in the state of Baden-Württemberg in southwest Germany. It is bounded by the Rhine valley to the south, its highest peak is the Feldberg with an elevation of 1,493 metres. The region is oblong in shape with a length of 160 km and breadth of up to 50 km; the Black Forest stretches from the High Rhine in the south to the Kraichgau in the north. In the west it is bounded by the Upper Rhine Plain; the Black Forest is the highest part of the South German Scarplands and much of it is densely wooded, a fragment of the Hercynian Forest of Antiquity. It lies upon rocks of the crystalline basement and Bunter Sandstone, its natural boundary with the surrounding landscapes is formed by the emergence of muschelkalk, absent from the Black Forest bedrock. Thanks to the fertility of the soil, dependent on the underlying rock, this line is both a vegetation boundary as well as the border between the Altsiedelland and the Black Forest, not permanently settled until the High Middle Ages.
From north to south the Black Forest extends for over 160 km, attaining a width of up to 50 kilometres in the south, up to 30 kilometres in the north. Tectonically the range forms a lifted fault block, which rises prominently in the west from the Upper Rhine Plain, whilst seen from the east it has the appearance of a forested plateau; the natural regions of the Black Forest are separated by various features: Geomorphologically, the main division is between the gentle eastern slopes with their rounded hills and broad plateaux and the incised, steeply falling terrain in the west that drops into the Upper Rhine Graben. It is here, in the west, where the highest mountains and the greatest local differences in height are found; the valleys are narrow and ravine-like. The summits are rounded and there are the remnants of plateaux and arête-like landforms. Geologically the clearest division is between east and west. Large areas of the eastern Black Forest, the lowest layer of the South German Scarplands composed of Bunter Sandstone, are covered by endless coniferous forest with their island clearings.
The exposed basement in the west, predominantly made up of metamorphic rocks and granites, despite its rugged topography, easier to settle and appears much more open and inviting today with its varied meadow valleys. The most common way of dividing the regions of the Black Forest is, from north to south; until the 1930s, the Black Forest was divided into the Northern and Southern Black Forest, the boundary being the line of the Kinzig valley. The Black Forest was divided into the forested Northern Black Forest, the lower, central section, predominantly used for agriculture in the valleys, was the Central Black Forest and the much higher Southern Black Forest with its distinctive highland economy and ice age glacial relief; the term High Black Forest referred to the highest areas of the South and southern Central Black Forest. The boundaries drawn were, quite varied. In 1931, Robert Gradmann called the Central Black Forest the catchment area of the Kinzig and in the west the section up to the lower Elz and Kinzig tributary of the Gutach.
A pragmatic division, oriented not just on natural and cultural regions, uses the most important transverse valleys. Based on that, the Central Black Forest is bounded by the Kinzig in the north and the line from Dreisam to Gutach in the south, corresponding to the Bonndorf Graben zone and the course of the present day B 31. In 1959, Rudolf Metz combined the earlier divisions and proposed a modified tripartite division himself, which combined natural and cultural regional approaches and was used, his Central Black Forest is bounded in the north by the watershed between the Acher and Rench and subsequently between the Murg and Kinzig or Forbach and Kinzig, in the south by the Bonndorf Graben zone, which restricts the Black Forest in the east as does the Freudenstadt Graben further north by its transition into the Northern Black Forest. The Handbook of the Natural Region Divisions of Germany published by the Federal Office of Regional Geography since the early 1950s names the Black Forest as one of six tertiary level major landscape regions within the secondary level region of the South German Scarplands and, at the same time, one of nine new major landscape unit groups.
It is divided into six so-called major units. This division was refined and modified in several, successor publications up to 1967, each covering individual sections of the map; the mountain range was divided into three regions. The northern boundary of the Central Black Forest in this classification runs south of the Rench Valley and the Kniebis to near Freudenstadt, its southern boundary varied with each edition. In 1998 the Baden-Württemberg State Department for Environmental Protection published a reworked Natural Region Division of Baden-Württemberg, it is restricted to the level of the natural regional major units and has been used since for the state's administration of nature conservation: The Black Forest Foothills (Schwarzwald-Rand