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The Weilwan (also known as Wailwan and Wayilwan) are an indigenous Australian people of the state of New South Wales.


The Weilwan ethnonym is derived from their word for "no" in the Ngiyambaa language, (weil/wail/wayil).[1] The Weilwan spoke the dialect of Ngiyambaa called "Ngiyampaa Wayilwan" and as such also called themselves "those who speak Ngiyampaa the Wayilwan way".


Weilwan country covered 5,000 square miles (13,000 km2), running along the southern bank of the Barwon River from Brewarrina to Walgett, and along Marra Creek and the Castlereagh, Marthaguy, and Macquarie rivers. Their southern frontier was at Quambone and in the vicinity of Coonamble.[1]

Social organization[edit]

The Weilwan were divided into hordes, one of which is known: the Waiabara.

Alternative names[edit]

* Ngemba. (name of their language)
  • Ngiumba. (name of their language)
  • Ngiyampaa Wayilwan. (Those who speak Ngiyampaa the Wayilwan way)
  • Ngiyampaa. (name of their language)

[1]* Wailwan

  • Wailwun
  • Wali
  • Waljwan
  • Wallwan
  • Wayilwan
  • Weilwun
  • Wilawun
  • Wile Wan
  • Wilwan



  1. ^ a b c Tindale 1974, p. 200.


  • Honery, Thomas (1878). "Wailwun Language and Traditions". Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland. 7: 245–254. JSTOR 2841001.
  • Tindale, Norman Barnett (1974). "Koamu (QLD)". Aboriginal Tribes of Australia: Their Terrain, Environmental Controls, Distribution, Limits, and Proper Names. Australian National University. ISBN 978-0-708-10741-6.