Kurfürstendamm (Berlin U-Bahn)
Kurfürstendamm is an underground station, part of the Berlin U-Bahn network in Germany. It is on the U 1 and U 9 line and opened on 28 August 1961, when the first section of the U9 between Spichernstraße and Leopoldplatz was inaugurated; as there had been no stop of the U1 where it now crossed the U9, the line received an additional station here. It lies in eastern Charlottenburg on the intersection of Kurfürstendamm and Joachimstaler Straße, south of Zoologischer Garten Berlin and the Bahnhof Zoo. At the road junction above the station can be found the Café Kranzler, successor of the Café des Westens, a famous venue for artists and bohémiens of the pre–World War I era, as well as the Swissôtel Berlin; the well-known Kurfürstendamm boulevard is the most important upscale shopping district in Berlin. Next to the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gedächtniskirche on Breitscheidplatz, shattered during the air raids in World War II, a modern new church was built
Warschauer Straße (Berlin U-Bahn)
Warschauer Straße is a Berlin U-Bahn station located on the U 1 and U 3. The U-Bahn station is the eastern terminus of the Berlin U-Bahn lines U 1 and U 3. Designed by Paul Wittig under contract with Siemens & Halske and opened on 17 August 1902 under the name Warschauer Brücke, the station was the first station of the Berlin elevated railway; the station consists of a 26 meter wide brick viaduct. The station was closed at the end of World War II and did not open again until 14 October 1945. Since the U-Bahn station is the only station of the U1 located in the eastern part of the city, it was again closed in 1961 due to the construction of the Berlin Wall. Following German Reunification in 1990, the station underwent extensive reconstruction and was reopened on 14 October 1995. At the same time it was renamed Warschauer Straße in order to create uniformity with the adjacent Berlin S-Bahn station located 150 metres away. In 1914, Berlin's elevated rail company planned to extend the rail line east to Frankfurter Allee to the location of today's Frankfurter Tor U-Bahn station.
However, World War I and its aftermath prevented the execution of these plans. In 2011, Berlin city transport planners excluded such an extension in their development plan. At the same time, any plans to move the U-Bahn station to create a single interchange station were shelved. Instead, the Berlin Senate plans an extension of a footbridge linking the two stations; the Oberbaumbrücke, the East Side Gallery as well as the Mercedes-Benz Arena can be reached on foot. Three discothèques are located in the basement vaults of the U-Bahn building: The Matrix Club, since 1996, one of the biggest venues in Berlin with up to nine bars and five dancefloors, the Narva Lounge and the Busche
Berlin Potsdamer Platz station
Berlin Potsdamer Platz is a railway station in Berlin. It is underground and situated under Potsdamer Platz in central Berlin. Regional and S-Bahn services call at the station; the first station at Potsdamer Platz was the Potsdamer Bahnhof terminus, closed on 27 September 1945 due to war damage. In 1939 the S-Bahn, or Stadtbahn, arrived; the idea for a North-South Link rapid transit rail line from Unter den Linden to Yorckstrasse, via Potsdamer Platz and Anhalter Bahnhof, had first been mooted in 1914, but it was not planned in detail until 1928, approval had to wait until 1933. Begun in 1934, it was plagued with disasters. Determination to have it finished in time for the Berlin Olympic Games in 1936 meant vital safety measures were ignored: on 20 August 1935, a tunnel collapse just south of the Brandenburg Gate buried 23 workmen of whom only four survived. Needless to say, the line was not ready for the Berlin Olympics. In spite of all the setbacks, it was opened from Unter den Linden to Potsdamer Platz on 15 April 1939, extended to Anhalter Bahnhof on 9 October, to Yorckstrasse, to complete the link, on 6 November.
The Potsdamer Platz S-Bahn station contained an underground shopping arcade, the largest in Europe. Four platforms were provided at the station and all were used although just two were planned to suffice: the other two were intended to be utilised by another new line, to branch off eastwards and run under the city to Görlitzer Bahnhof. A connection from Anhalter Bahnhof was to be made. Although construction of some tunnel sections went ahead, the line was never opened. During the war, many of the sections in the Berlin U-Bahn and S-Bahn were all closed due to enemy action, the sections through Potsdamer Platz were of no exception; the S-Bahn North-South Link, less than six years old, became the setting for one of the most contentious episodes of the final Battle for Berlin, in late April and early May 1945. On 2 May, the Tunnel was flooded as a consequence of the decision of the remaining Nazi leaders to blow up the section of the North-South Tunnel beneath the nearby Landwehrkanal as a desperate measure to slow the Soviet advance.
Because of this incident, the North-South Link was unable to be used until 1947. Shortly after war's end the Ringbahnhof got a reprieve of sorts, temporarily reopening on 6 August 1945 as terminus of the Wannseebahn trains, while the Nord-Süd-Tunnel received massive repairs; the Ringbahnhof closed for good on 27 July 1946 after some fragmentary train workings had resumed along the North-South Link on 2 June. Full services recommenced on 16 November 1947, although repairs were not complete until May 1948; the S-Bahn North-South Link saw a more bizarre - - state of affairs. This line, plus two U-Bahn lines elsewhere in the city, suffered from a quirk of geography in that they passed through East German territory en route from one part of West Berlin to another; this gave rise to the infamous "Geisterbahnhofe", Potsdamer Platz being the most notorious, those unfortunate ones on the eastern side that were sealed off from the outside world and which trains ran straight through without stopping, being there from 1961 to 1989.
They would slow down however, affording passengers the strange sight of dusty, dimly lit platforms patrolled by armed guards, there to prevent any East Berliners from trying to escape to the West by train. At the points where the lines passed directly beneath the actual border, concrete "collars" were constructed within the tunnels with just the minimum clearance for trains, to prevent people clinging to the sides or roof of the coaches; the station was the last to be reopened, with major refurbishment work included to the entire North South line and the station, with re-coating/repainting of the station and huge removal of wartime flood damage, on the 3 March 1992. Major refurbishment began to be carried out on January 1991; the U-Bahn, or Untergrundbahn, was a major revolution in Berlin's public transport, the forerunner of similar systems now seen in several German cities. The underground sections alternated with sections elevated above ground on viaducts – hence the alternative name Hochbahn.
The first line ran from Stralauer Tor to Potsdamer Platz. Begun on 10 September 1896 and opened on 18 February 1902, the actual Potsdamer Platz station was rather poorly sited. Though it was reached via an entrance right outside the main-line terminus, people had to walk about 200 metres along an underground passage beneath the appropriately named Bahnstraße, it was built by a Swedish architect Grenander in 1902, it was supposed to be named Potsdamer Bahnhof, or Potsdamer Ringbahnhof. But after 5 years the station was relocated just 180m to the southwest at Leipziger Platz; that year, the system was developed into a through line running from Warschauer Brücke to Knie, which placed Potsdamer Platz on a branch accessed via a triangle of lines between Möckernbrücke and Bülowstraße stations near the current Gleisdreieck station. The first Potsdamer Platz U-Bahn station saw use for just over five and a half years, until its inconvenient site, the desire to reach other parts of the city, enabled it to be superseded by a better sited new station on an extension of the line to Spittelmarkt.
The new station opened first, on 29 September 1907, the rest of
Berlin Alexanderplatz station
Berlin Alexanderplatz is a German railway station in the Mitte district of Berlin's city centre. It is one of the busiest transport hubs in the Berlin area; the station is named for the Alexanderplatz on which it is located, near the Fernsehturm and the World clock. Like other long-distance stations, Alexanderplatz is a shopping centre for selling merchandise to travelers. Due to its importance and central location, it is a site where tourists change. Alexanderplatz thereby became beside Nollendorfplatz station the second major hub of the Berlin U-Bahn network. Four Regional-Express and Regionalbahn lines as well as the S-Bahn rapid transit lines S 3, S 5, S 7, S 9 call at the overground station; the adjacent underground station is one of the largest on the Berlin U-Bahn network, with the lines U 2, U 5 and U 8 calling. The station is served by four tram lines, two of which run continuously, as well as five bus lines during the day, one of which runs continuously and three night bus lines. Alexanderplatz is connected through the two tunnel links, from U2 to U5 and U5 to U8.
Alexanderplatz station opened on 7 February 1882 on the Berlin Stadtbahn viaduct from Charlottenburg to Ostbahnhof. In 1926 the station hall spanning two platforms with four tracks was rebuilt in its present plain style. Damaged in World War II, train service at the station was resumed on 4 November 1945, while the reconstruction of the hall continued until 1951; the first U-Bahn station of the present U2 line designed by Alfred Grenander entered service on 1 July 1913. The platforms of the U8 and the U5 opened on 18 April 1930 and 21 December 1930 also built according to Grenander's conception, but in a distinct Modern style; the U2 station was renovated after the Alexanderplatz fire in 1972. The eastern entrances were destroyed on 15 March 1945; the U8 station was a ghost station during the division of Berlin from 13 August 1961 to 1 July 1990. The station master offices were built; the access at Dirksenstraße had to be made accessible again, just like the connecting stairs to the mall and to the platforms of Line E.
Other than that, the intercommunication staircase was built towards Line E so that it goes through the dimly lit platforms. Stainallee was renamed a few months after the closure of the stairs. In all cases, the metro stations had to be recognizable as such on the surface; the U-Bahn logo has been removed in recent years. This station had to undergo renovation works from 17 May to 30 June 1990 before the full reopening on 1 July 1990; the U2 station had undergone renovation work in January 2001 to March 2001. The U5 station underwent renovation works from February 2003 to September 2004, it is a U5 westbound terminus from 1930 to 2019, where it will be replaced by Berlin Hauptbahnhof. The station is served by the following service: Regional services RE 1 Magdeburg – Brandenburg – Potsdam – Berlin – Erkner – Fürstenwalde – Frankfurt Regional services RE 2 Wismar – Schwerin – Wittenberge – Nauen – Berlin – Königs Wusterhausen – Lübben – Cottbus Regional services RE 7 Dessau – Bad Belzig – Michendorf – Berlin – Berlin-Schönefeld Airport – Wünsdorf-Waldstadt Local services RB 14 Nauen – Falkensee – Berlin – Berlin-Schönefeld Airport Berlin S-Bahn services S 3 Spandau – Westkreuz – Hauptbahnhof – Alexanderplatz – Ostbahnhof – Karlshorst – Köpenick – Erkner Berlin S-Bahn services S 5 Westkreuz – Hauptbahnhof – Alexanderplatz – Ostbahnhof – Lichtenberg – Strausberg Nord Berlin S-Bahn services S 7 Potsdam – Wannsee – Westkreuz – Hauptbahnhof – Alexanderplatz – Ostbahnhof – Lichtenberg – Ahrensfelde Berlin S-Bahn services S 9 Spandau - Westkreuz - Hauptbahnhof - Alexanderplatz - Ostbahnhof - Schöneweide - Flughafen Schönefeld
Berlin-Wittenau is a railway station in the Wittenau district of Berlin, Germany. It is served by numerous local buses, it is the northern terminus of the Berlin U-Bahn line U 8. The station was opened under the name Dalldorf along with the railway line on July 10, 1877; the track was still single track at the time, only in 1891, a second track was added. A second track pair was added in 1912 to separate the remote from suburban traffic; the suburban tracks were electrified in 1925 as the second route in the Berlin area with busbars, the S-Bahn arrived. After the Second World War, the track, including the station, was reduced by one track each. A turnout to cross the trains was not preserved, only one station further at the station Waidmannslust one was established. Due to the S-Bahn boycott as a result of the construction of the Berlin Wall many potential passengers avoided the S-Bahn and changed to the means of transport of the BVG, the operating Reichsbahn maintained the route and its facilities, but major investments were omitted.
With the assumption of the operating rights of the rapid-transit railway in West Berlin by the senate on 9 January 1984 the route was shut down if only for the time being. After protests of the passenger associations was in the same year, on 1 October 1984, the route between Gesundbrunnen and Frohnau used again. To increase the capacity of the northern section, this was again expanded to double track until 1986, bringing Wittenau his second track back. For the section north Waidmannslust was temporarily shut down in 1985. During this time, the south extended platform got an exit to Wilhelmsruher dam to allow the transfer to the buses to Märkisches Viertel and to the still planned subway. At about the same time, the discussion started about the future name of the station. Decisive for this was the extension of the subway line U8, which should receive a train station in Wittenau. Since the plans were from the time before the takeover of the S-Bahn, the BVG chose for their subway station the name Wilhelmsruher Damm for deliberate demarcation.
After 1984, this name was intended for the S-Bahn station, but was not taken over. Only the addition Wilhelmsruher Damm adorns since the station signs; the U-Bahn was planned to be extended to Märkisches Viertel, supposed to be done in the 1960s. However, with the fall of the Berlin Wall, construction began for the extension to Wittenau; the U-Bahn station opened on 29 September 1994, with the northern continuation of the U8 line to reach the nearby housing estates of Märkisches Viertel. S- and U-Bahn station received the appendix, the main street leading to Märkisches Viertel, it retained this designation after the former Wittenau station was renamed Karl-Bonhoeffer-Nervenklinik on 28 May 1995. Station information
Hausvogteiplatz (Berlin U-Bahn)
Hausvogteiplatz is a Berlin U-Bahn station located on the U 2 in Mitte. The eponymous square, former site of a bastion of the historic city fortification, was named after the Prussian aulic court and prison. In the late 19th century it had developed as a centre of Berlin's clothing industry; the station designed by Alfred Grenander opened on 1 October 1908 with Berlin's second U-Bahn line, running from Potsdamer Platz on the initial Stammstrecke route to Spittelmarkt. During an air raid on 3 February 1945 it was devastated by a direct bomb hit and could not be reopened until 1950. Www.hausvogteiplatz.de
Berlin Hermannstraße station
Berlin Hermannstraße is a railway station in the Neukölln district of Berlin. It is served by the S-Bahn lines S 41, S 42, S 45, S 46 and S 47 and the U-Bahn line U 8, of which it is the southern terminus, it was also possible to transfer there to the Neukölln-Mittenwalde railway line, now only used for goods traffic. Hermannstraße was on the route of the first segment of the Berlin Ringbahn which opened on 15 November 1877. At that time the closest station was Rixdorf, which today is called Berlin-Neukölln because the locality changed its name in 1912; the Hermannstraße station opened on 1 February 1899, as one of several suburban stations added during the enlargement of the ring line to 4 tracks. The only access was at the east end of the station, via a small building with a red-tiled roof. In 1910 a second entrance on Siegfriedstraße was added. For 29 years the station was served by steam trains. After the creation of Greater Berlin in 1920, electrification to create the S-Bahn system began in 1924.
In 1895 a committee of residents of Mittenwalde formed a committee to construct a railway from Mittenwalde to Rixdorf, since existing rail routes were not conveniently located. Finding the cost prohibitive, they partnered with Vering & Waechter, a company, at the time developing rail lines throughout Germany. On 23 February 1899, the Rixdorf-Mittenwalder Eisenbahn Aktiengesellschaft was founded. Vering & Waechter, given the responsibility for planning and construction, mapped out a 27 km route from North Mittenwalde to Hermannstraße with 7 intermediate stations: Brusendorf, Groß Kienitz, Schönefeld, Rudow and Britz. After the Ringbahn station was built, the plans were changed and the Hermannstraße terminus of the line became a transfer point and the Britz station the operating centre; the operating licence for the line was granted on 21 July 1899, it opened on 28 September 1900. 4 years it was extended southwards to Schöneiche Plan. When Rixdorf became Neukölln in 1912, the line became the Neukölln-Mittenwalder Eisenbahn.
During World War II the Mittenwalde line was used for transporting both munitions and passengers, reaching a peak of over 1 million tonnes and 3 million passengers in 1942/43. The Hermannstraße S-Bahn station was not damaged during the bombing of Berlin, but the entrance was damaged during the Battle for Berlin and that stretch of the Ringbahn was closed from April 1945 until 18 June 1945; the Mittenwalde line was closed until 17 May 1945, when the bridge over the Teltow Canal was repaired by the Red Army. In September 1946, the Soviet occupying administration took possession of the portion of the line outside Berlin under eminent domain and transferred its operation to the Brandenburg State Railways, in the Berlin Blockade of 1948/49, the line was severed at the boundary with the American sector. 11.5 km of line with some sidings within Berlin remained unaffected, the company had constructed a 5 km extension to Tempelhof Airfield in 1936, which could now be used to transport coal flown there in the Berlin Airlift, avoiding the East Berlin-controlled Deutsche Reichsbahn.
S-Bahn operation continued under the Deutsche Reichsbahn during and after the blockade, but was boycotted in West Berlin. In 1961, the year contact between East and West Berlin was severed, the Siegfriedstraße entrance to the Hermannstraße station was closed; the destroyed main entrance was under restoration until 1968/69, but in 1971 was demolished and replaced with a modern building, which opened in June 1973. After the September 1980 strike of West Berlin S-Bahn workers, the Reichsbahn completely closed the S-Bahn in West Berlin, including the Ringbahn; the Neukölln - Mittenwalde line, in contrast, profited from increased goods traffic after the West Berlin power company, built a power plant at Rudow. Within the city, its passenger stations were demolished, while outside the city, in the GDR, the rails were taken up but the station buildings remained; the Reichsbahn transferred the S-Bahn to Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe in 1984, after public enthusiasm for it increased, preparations began in 1989 for reopening the Ringbahn beginning in 1992.
The fall of the Berlin wall that November and the ensuing German reunification changed the plans: the stretch of Ringbahn to be reopened was extended into the former East Berlin and the reopening deferred to 1993. The Hermannstraße station was rebuilt in a new position under the bridge where Hermannstraße crosses the S-Bahn cutting, so that hardly any traces of the historic station remain; the new station has two entrance buildings on Hermannstraße, which were painted blue and green to draw attention to the connection between the S-Bahn and U-Bahn Line 8 at the station, realised after some 60 years with the opening of the U-Bahn station on 13 July 1996. Service on the western portion of the Ringbahn was ceremonially relaunched on 17 December 1993, over a stretch of line including the Hermannstraße station; the station is now served by three S-Bahn lines which originate to the southeast of the city: S47, S46 from Königs Wusterhausen and S45 from Schönefeld Airport, plus the two Ringbahn lines, S41 and S42.
A new two-track turning area at Hermannstraße is the terminus of the S47. Since German reunification, the Mittenwalde line became the route by which the city's household waste is conveyed in containers from the Berliner Stadtreinigung depot on the Teltow Canal to the Hermanns