Seneca is a village in LaSalle and Grundy counties in the U. S. state of Illinois. The population was 2,371 at the 2010 census; the LaSalle County portion of Seneca is part of the Ottawa–Streator Micropolitan Statistical Area, while the small portion that lies in Grundy County is part of the Chicago–Naperville–Joliet Metropolitan Statistical Area. A French missionary by the name of Father Gabriel de la Ribourde brought Catholicism to the Seneca area 175 years before St. Patrick’s Parish was founded. In 1680, he was traveling with an exploratory party from Quebec when he was ambushed and killed by a band of Kickapoo Indians. A wooden cross marks the spot where Illinois’ first martyr to the Catholic faith is believed to have died. Seneca was first settled by Jeremiah Crotty, an entrepreneur and contractor who helped build the Illinois and Michigan Canal. Crotty built the first residence in 1850 and established the town in 1854 with a post office in his name. Residents retained the name Crotty Town until 1957.
Before 1957 Seneca was known locally as Seneca. Seneca is located at 41°18′40″N 88°36′35″W. According to the 2010 census, Seneca has a total area of 7.058 square miles, of which 6.63 square miles is land and 0.428 square miles is water. Most of the village lies in LaSalle County, although a small portion extends into west central Grundy County. In the 2000 census, all of Seneca's 2,082 residents lived in LaSalle County. According to 2006 population estimates, 2,082 of the village's 2,087 residents lived in LaSalle County and 5 lived in Grundy County. Seneca is located on the Illinois River; as of the census of 2000, there were 2,053 people, 744 households, 569 families residing in the village. The population density was 620.7 people per square mile. There were 786 housing units at an average density of 237.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 98.59% White, 0.05% Native American, 0.05% Asian, 0.88% from other races, 0.44% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.46% of the population.
There were 744 households out of which 40.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.3% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.4% were non-families. 20.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.22. In the village, the population was spread out with 30.7% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, 11.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.1 males. The median income for a household in the village was $52,188, the median income for a family was $57,552. Males had a median income of $42,431 versus $24,438 for females; the per capita income for the village was $19,273. About 6.2% of families and 7.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.8% of those under age 18 and 5.8% of those age 65 or over.
Seneca is located on the Illinois River. Seneca hosts three marinas on the south side of the Illinois River, as well as a public boat launch on the north side of the Illinois River. Seneca is rich with history with the Illinois and Michigan Canal running through the center of the city's downtown area; the business community continues to change as the small businesses and merchants unite to improve the existing business community and attract new businesses. The Village has developed The Seneca Business Association which has united more than 100 businesses in the village; the goal of the association is to promote local shopping as well as downtown revitalization. The association has developed a business directory and coordinated a number of fundraisers for local non-profit agencies. Seneca participates in the Visioning for your Community project; the group of local volunteers establish goals community improvement goals and enlists the help of a VISTA Volunteer to accomplish the goals. The group hopes to apply for grants to better the community.
Seneca has three schools split into two school districts: Seneca Grade School North Campus and Seneca Grade School South Campus make up District 170, while Seneca Township High School is the lone school in District 160. Seneca High School houses students from Seneca as well as students from the nearby towns of Mazon, Kinsman and Marseilles; the 2005 Illinois State Board of Education's 2005 Illinois District Report Card ISBE 2005 Report Card shows that the Seneca High School was funded - in large part through payments made by Commonwealth Edison's power generation plant located ten miles south of Seneca. For example, the above cited 2005 high school district Report Card shows the Illinois State average instructional expenditure per pupil at $5,216, but Seneca was able to provide $8,647 in instructional expenditures per pupil. While the state average operating expenditure per pupil was $8,786, Seneca was able to dedicate $17,305 per pupil, reflected in the grade school, middle school, high school facilities.
These payments made by Commonwealth Edison have since decreased along with the impact. In 1986, the Seneca Lady Irish basketball team won the Class 1A State Championship with a 30-0 record. In 1989
A civil township is a used unit of local government in the United States, subordinate to a county. The term town is used in New England, New York, Wisconsin to refer to the equivalent of the civil township in these states. Specific responsibilities and the degree of autonomy vary based on each state. Civil townships are distinct from survey townships, but in states that have both, the boundaries coincide and may geographically subdivide a county; the U. S. Census Bureau classifies civil townships as minor civil divisions. There are 20 states with civil townships. Township functions are overseen by a governing board and a clerk or trustee. Township officers include justice of the peace, road commissioner, assessor and surveyor. In the 20th century, many townships added a township administrator or supervisor to the officers as an executive for the board. In some cases, townships run local libraries, senior citizen services, youth services, disabled citizen services, emergency assistance, cemetery services.
In some states, a township and a municipality, coterminous with that township may wholly or consolidate their operations. Depending on the state, the township government has varying degrees of authority. In the Upper Midwestern states near the Great Lakes, civil townships, are but not always, overlaid on survey townships; the degree to which these townships are functioning governmental entities varies from state to state and in some cases within a state. For example, townships in the northern part of Illinois are active in providing public services — such as road maintenance, after-school care, senior services — whereas townships in southern Illinois delegate these services to the county. Most townships in Illinois provide services such as snow removal, senior transportation, emergency services to households residing in unincorporated parts of the county; the townships in Illinois each have a township board, whose board members were called township trustees, a single township supervisor. In contrast, civil townships in Indiana are operated in a consistent manner statewide and tend to be well organized, with each served by a single township trustee and a three-member board.
Civil townships in these states are not incorporated, nearby cities may annex land in adjoining townships with relative ease. In Michigan, general law townships are corporate entities, some can become reformulated as charter townships, a status intended to protect against annexation from nearby municipalities and which grants the township some home rule powers similar to cities. In Wisconsin, civil townships are known as "towns" rather than townships, but they function the same as in neighboring states. In Minnesota, state statute refers to such entities as towns yet requires them to have a name in the form "Name Township". In both documents and conversation, "town" and "township" are used interchangeably. Minnesota townships can be either Non-Urban or Urban, but this is not reflected in the township's name. In Ohio, a city or village is overlaid onto a township unless it withdraws by establishing a paper township. Where the paper township does not extend to the city limits, property owners pay taxes for both the township and municipality, though these overlaps are sometimes overlooked by mistake.
Ten other states allow townships and municipalities to overlap. In Kansas, some civil townships provide services such as road maintenance and fire protection services not provided by the county. In New England, the states are subdivided into towns, which are functioning municipal corporations that provide most local services. While counties exist in New England, for the most part they serve as dividing lines for state judicial systems. With the exception of a few remote areas of New Hampshire and Maine, every square foot of New England lies within the borders of an incorporated town. New England has cities, most of which are towns whose residents have voted to replace the town meeting form of government with a city form. In portions of New Hampshire and Maine, county subdivisions that are not incorporated are referred to as townships, or by other terms such as "gore", "grant", "location", "plantation", or "purchase". In New York, counties are further subdivided into towns and cities, the principal forms of local government.
Towns fulfill a function similar to those of townships in other states. As is the case in most of New England, every square foot of New York's territory is incorporated. New York towns contain one or more incorporated villages, village residents pay both town and village taxes. Towns include a number of unincorporated hamlets. A Pennsylvania township is a unit of local government, responsible for services such as police departments, local road and street maintenance, it acts the same as a borough. Townships were established based on convenient geographical boundaries and vary in size from six to fifty-two square miles. A New Jersey township is similar, in that it is a form of municipal government equal in status to a village, borough, or city, provides similar services to a Pennsylvania township. In the South, outside cities and towns there is no local government other than the county. North Carolina is no exception to that rule, but it does have townships as minor geographical subdivisions of counties, including
Lee County, Illinois
Lee County is a county located in the U. S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 36,031, its county seat is Dixon. The Dixon, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Lee County; the area's first non-native settlers were from the six New England states. The early nineteenth century saw a wave of westward movement from New England, due to completion of the Erie Canal and the end of the Black Hawk War; the area that included present-day Lee County was delineated as St. Clair County in 1809. In 1823, a large section of northern St. Clair County was partitioned off as Fulton County. In 1825, the northwestern portion of that county was partitioned off as Putnam County. In 1831, the area was further partitioned into Jo Daviess County. A section of that county was partitioned off in 1836 as Ogle County, in 1839 the bottom half of Ogle County was split off as Lee County, it is understood that the county's name honors "Lighthorse Harry" Lee, an officer in the American Revolutionary War.
An alternative theory suggests the name honors Richard Henry Lee, a member of the Continental Congress. President Ronald Reagan attended Dixon High School. According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 729 square miles, of which 725 square miles is land and 4.1 square miles is water. Whiteside County – west Ogle County – north DeKalb County – east LaSalle County - southeast, south Bureau County – south, southwest In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Dixon have ranged from a low of 10 °F in January to a high of 82 °F in July, although a record low of −27 °F was recorded in January 1999 and a record high of 110 °F was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranges from 1.43 inches in February to 4.88 inches in June. Green River Ordnance Plant Mendota Hills Wind Farm As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 36,031 people, 13,758 households, 9,064 families residing in the county; the population density was 49.7 inhabitants per square mile.
There were 15,049 housing units at an average density of 20.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 90.9% white, 4.8% black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.9% from other races, 1.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 5.0% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 38.0% were German, 18.8% were Irish, 8.4% were English, 8.2% were American. Of the 13,758 households, 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.2% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.1% were non-families, 28.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.94. The median age was 42.0 years. The median income for a household in the county was $48,502 and the median income for a family was $60,759. Males had a median income of $42,114 versus $30,920 for females; the per capita income for the county was $24,440. About 7.6% of families and 9.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.8% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over.
Amboy Dixon Since the election of 1860 the Republican party candidate for president has won Lee County, Illinois with only one exception, that being in 1912 when Theodore Roosevelt won the county while running as a member of the Progressive Party, unofficially known as the "Bull Moose" party. As of 2018, Lee County is in the 16th congressional district, the 45th legislative district, the 74th and 90 representative districts. National Register of Historic Places listings in Lee County, Illinois County Name Alternate version of County Name Illinois State Archives
Tonica is a village in LaSalle County, United States. The population was 685 at the 2000 census, it is part of the Ottawa–Streator Micropolitan Statistical Area. Tonica derives its name from the Tunica people. Tonica is located at 41°12′57″N 89°4′5″W. According to the 2010 census, Tonica has a total area of all land; as of the census of 2010, there were 800 people, 340 households, 193 families residing in the village. The population density was 505.5 people per square mile. There were 306 housing units at an average density of 225.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 98.39% White, 0.29% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.44% Pacific Islander, 0.73% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.09% of the population. There were 340 households out of which 26.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.5% were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.6% were non-families. 30.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.91. In the village, the population was spread out with 22.8% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, 23.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.4 males. The median income for a household in the village was $38,333, the median income for a family was $46,111. Males had a median income of $40,313 versus $20,833 for females; the per capita income for the village was $22,484. About 4.0% of families and 5.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.0% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over. The village has Tonica Grade School. Arthur R. Hall, former University of Illinois football player and head coach Mount Palatine, Illinois, an unincorporated community, six miles away from Tonica Judson College, Mount Palatine, disestablished in the 1860s
Earlville is a city in LaSalle County, United States. The population was 1,701 at the 2010 census, was estimated to be 1,661 by July 2013, it is part of the Ottawa-Peru, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area. The Earlville Post Office has been in operation since 1844; the city was named after the former hometown of an early settler. Earlville is located at 41°35′19″N 88°55′20″W. According to the 2010 census, Earlville has a total area of all land; as of the 2010 census, there were 1,701 people and 663 households residing in the city. The population density was 1,417.5 people per square mile. There were 763 housing units at an average density of 635.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 97.2% White, 0.6% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, 2.8% from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.1% of the population. There were 663 households out of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.3% were married couples living together, 13.7% were single parent households, 33.2% were non-families.
26.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.10. In the city, the population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18 and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.9 years. Females made up 50.1% of the population. The median income for a household in the city was $51,964, the median income for a family was $65,145. Males had a median income of $38,705 versus $24,891 for females; the per capita income for the city was $21,063. About 9.2% of families and 13.3% of the population were below the poverty line of which 18.8% were under the age of 18 and 9.7% were aged 65 or over. Earlville has a modern library, a K-12 school system, a bank, a medical clinic, a weekly newspaper, a drive-in movie theater, a number of local businesses; the area surrounding Earlville is agricultural. Earlville lacks major shopping industries. Many of the inhabitants of Earlville work at blue-collar jobs.
Earlville's population has remained stable for the past several years. Several planned residential developments of moderate size were derailed by the nationwide housing crash that began in 2008. Earlville Community Unit School District #9 occupies a campus of school buildings on Union Street, a main thoroughfare and former route of US 34; the school has underwent many changes over the last several years including renovations and the hiring of new teachers and principal. The campus includes Earlville Grade School, Earlville Junior High, Earlville High School; the administrative offices are within buildings on the site, which the Elementary, Junior High, High School share. On the site is a cafeteria, 2 gymnasiums, library; the school Mascot is a Raider, stylized as a Pirate, with the colors of White. The School is a part of the Little Ten Conference, which includes the schools of: Serena, Paw Paw, Indian Creek, LaMoille, Somonauk, Kirkland Hiawatha and Hinckley-Big Rock. In recent years, the Earlville-Leland Cooperative has been the school's representation in IHSA play.
Steve Behel, MLB player for the Milwaukee Brewers and New York Mets Herbert O. Crisler, head football coach and athletic director at University of Michigan, namesake of Crisler Arena at the university Frank Haven Hall, inventor of the Hall Braille Writer John J. Myers, Roman Catholic Archbishop of Newark, N. J Gary K. Wolf, author of the novel Who Censored Roger Rabbit, which became the Movie Who Framed Roger Rabbit
Ottawa is a city located at the confluence of the navigable Illinois River and Fox River in LaSalle County, United States. The Illinois River is a conduit for river barges and connects Lake Michigan at Chicago, to the Mississippi River, North America's 25,000 mile river system; the population estimate was 18,562 as of 2013. It is the county seat of LaSalle County and it is part of the Ottawa-Peru, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area. Ottawa was the site of the first of the Lincoln–Douglas debates of 1858. During the Ottawa debate Stephen A. Douglas, leader of the Democratic Party accused Abraham Lincoln of forming a secret bipartisan group of Congressmen to bring about the abolition of slavery; the John Hossack House was a "station" on the Underground Railroad, Ottawa was a major stop because of its rail and river transportation. Citizens in the city were active within the abolitionist movement. Ottawa was the site of a famous 1859 extrication of a runaway slave named Jim Gray from a courthouse by prominent civic leaders of the time.
Three of the civic leaders, John Hossack, Dr. Joseph Stout and James Stout stood trial in Chicago for violating the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850. Ottawa was important in the development of the Illinois and Michigan Canal, which terminates in LaSalle, Illinois, 12 miles to the west. On February 8, 1910, William Dickson Boyce a resident of Ottawa, incorporated the Boy Scouts of America. Five years also in Ottawa, Boyce incorporated the Lone Scouts of America. Boyce is buried in Ottawa Avenue Cemetery; the Ottawa Scouting Museum, on Canal Street, opened to the public on December 6, 1997. The museum features the history of Girl Scouting and Camp Fire. In 1922, the Radium Dial Company moved from Peru, Illinois to a former high school building in Ottawa; the company employed hundreds of young women who painted watch dials using a paint called "Luna" for watch maker Westclox. RDC went out of business in 1936, two years after the company's president, Joseph Kelly Sr. left to start a competing company, Luminous Processes Inc. a few blocks away.
According to the 2010 census, Ottawa has a total area of 12.799 square miles, of which 12 square miles is land and 0.799 square miles is water. Because of numerous silica sand deposits Ottawa has been a major sand and glass center for more than 100 years. Transportation of the sand is facilitated by the navigable Illinois river and the Illinois Railway Ottawa Line. One of its largest employers is Pilkington Glass works, a successor to LOF. Concentrated in automotive glass, the plant now manufactures specialty glass and underwent a $50 million renovation in 2006. Ottawa sand continues to be extracted from several quarries in the area, is recognized in glass-making and abrasives for its uniform granularity and characteristics. Sabic purchased GE Plastics, a successor to Borg Warner automotive glass manufacture, operates a large plastics facility in Ottawa, is a major employer. Ottawa sand is a standard testing medium in geotechnical engineering; as of the 2010 Census, there were 18,768 people residing in the city with a population density of 1,563.9 people per square mile.
The age distribution consisted of 23.3 % persons under 16.6 % aged 65 or over. Females made up 51.2% of the population. The racial makeup of the city was 93.4% White, 2.0% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 1.5% from two or more races, 3.4% Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 7,841 households occupying 8,569 housing units; the average household size was 2.39 persons. Per capita income was $25,414 and the median household income was $47,480; the median value of owner-occupied housing units was $132,900. Ottawa has registered historic landmarks. Recent additions to Ottawa have included renovations to its historic mansion, Reddick Mansion, artistic murals throughout the central business district. Ottawa is known as the scenic gateway to Starved Rock State Park, the most popular state park in Illinois, with some 2 million visitors per year; the Fox River, which flows through communities like Elgin and Aurora, empties into the Illinois in downtown Ottawa. Ottawa is home to one of the largest skydiving operations in the country, Skydive Chicago.
Ottawa Scouting Museum honors Ottawa resident William D. Boyce, the founder of the Boy Scouts of America. Once an old Norwegian Lutheran Church, Norsk Museum is located 9 miles northeast of Ottawa, on Highway 71; the museum is dedicated to the Scandinavian settlers who founded the area around neighboring Norway, Illinois, in the 1800s. Jacob C. Zeller founded the Zeller Court Place Tavern in 1871, at 615 Columbus Street; the original Zeller Inn was demolished in 1982. The Zeller Inn tavern known as the Court Place, still remains, now called Zeller Inn; the courtyard patio area on Columbus street is. The tavern contains the original mahogany bar built by the Sanders Bros in Ottawa, marble counters, tiled floors and walls, stained glass door and light fixtures, it was known for its Gilded Age brilliance — tiled mahogany bar, carved gargoyles, pressed-tin ceiling and solid oak backbar. The mirror on the bar is the same since its establishment in 1871, brought over from the 1800s era European Worlds Fair.
Zeller's initials, JCZ, are still visible in a tiled mosaic on the side of the bar and in the glass light domes that hang from the ceiling. This is one of the oldest taverns in Illinois, with original features which remain intact and displays the arc
In law, an unincorporated area is a region of land, not governed by a local municipal corporation. Municipalities dissolve or disincorporate, which may happen if they become fiscally insolvent, services become the responsibility of a higher administration. Widespread unincorporated communities and areas are a distinguishing feature of the United States and Canada. In most other countries of the world, there are either no unincorporated areas at all, or these are rare. Unlike many other countries, Australia has only one level of local government beneath state and territorial governments. A local government area contains several towns and entire cities. Thus, aside from sparsely populated areas and a few other special cases all of Australia is part of an LGA. Unincorporated areas are in remote locations, cover vast areas or have small populations. Postal addresses in unincorporated areas, as in other parts of Australia use the suburb or locality names gazetted by the relevant state or territorial government.
Thus, there is any ambiguity regarding addresses in unincorporated areas. The Australian Capital Territory is in some sense an unincorporated area; the territorial government is directly responsible for matters carried out by local government. The far west and north of New South Wales constitutes the Unincorporated Far West Region, sparsely populated and warrants an elected council. A civil servant in the state capital manages such matters; the second unincorporated area of this state is Lord Howe Island. In the Northern Territory, 1.45% of the total area and 4.0% of the population are in unincorporated areas, including Unincorporated Top End Region, areas covered by the Darwin Rates Act—Nhulunbuy, Alyangula on Groote Eylandt in the northern region, Yulara in the southern region. In South Australia, 60% of the area is unincorporated and communities located within can receive municipal services provided by a state agency, the Outback Communities Authority. Victoria has 10 small unincorporated areas, which are either small islands directly administered by the state or ski resorts administered by state-appointed management boards.
Western Australia is exceptional in two respects. Firstly, the only remote area, unincorporated is the Abrolhos Islands, uninhabited and controlled by the WA Department of Fisheries. Secondly, the other unincorporated areas are A-class reserves either in, or close to, the Perth metropolitan area, namely Rottnest Island and Kings Park. In Canada, depending on the province, an unincorporated settlement is one that does not have a municipal council that governs over the settlement, it is but not always, part of a larger municipal government. This can range from small hamlets to large urbanized areas that are similar in size to towns and cities. For example, the urban service areas of Fort McMurray and Sherwood Park, of the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo and Strathcona County would be the fifth and sixth largest cities in Alberta if they were incorporated. In British Columbia, unincorporated settlements lie outside municipal boundaries and are administered directly by regional/county-level governments similar to the American system.
Unincorporated settlements with a population of between 100 and 1,000 residents may have the status of designated place in Canadian census data. In some provinces, large tracts of undeveloped wilderness or rural country are unorganized areas that fall directly under the provincial jurisdiction; some unincorporated settlements in such unorganized areas may have some types of municipal services provided to them by a quasi-governmental agency such as a local services board in Ontario. In New Brunswick where a significant population live in a Local Service District and services may come directly from the province; the entire area of the Czech Republic is divided into municipalities, with the only exception being 4 military areas. These are parts of the regions and do not form self-governing municipalities, but are rather governed by military offices, which are subordinate to the Ministry of Defense. † Brdy Military Area was abandoned by the Army in 2015 and converted into Landscape park, with its area being incorporated either into existing municipalities or municipalities newly established from the existing settlements.
The other four Military Areas were reduced in size in 2015 too. The decisions on whether the settlements join existing municipalities or form new ones are decided in plebiscites. Since Germany has no administrative level comparable to the townships of other countries, the vast majority of the country, close to 99%, is organized in municipalities consisting of multiple settlements which are not considered to be unincorporated; because these settlements lack a council of their own, there is an Ortsvorsteher / Ortsvorsteherin appointed by the municipal council, except in the smallest villages. In 2000, the number of unincorporated areas in Germany, called gemeindefreie Gebiete or singular gemeindefreies Gebiet, was 295 with a total area of 4,890.33 km² and around 1.4% of its territory. However