Washington, D. C. formally the District of Columbia and referred to as Washington or D. C. is the capital of the United States. Founded after the American Revolution as the seat of government of the newly independent country, Washington was named after George Washington, first President of the United States and Founding Father; as the seat of the United States federal government and several international organizations, Washington is an important world political capital. The city is one of the most visited cities in the world, with more than 20 million tourists annually; the signing of the Residence Act on July 16, 1790, approved the creation of a capital district located along the Potomac River on the country's East Coast. The U. S. Constitution provided for a federal district under the exclusive jurisdiction of the U. S. Congress, the District is therefore not a part of any state; the states of Maryland and Virginia each donated land to form the federal district, which included the pre-existing settlements of Georgetown and Alexandria.
The City of Washington was founded in 1791 to serve as the new national capital. In 1846, Congress returned the land ceded by Virginia. Washington had an estimated population of 702,455 as of July 2018, making it the 20th most populous city in the United States. Commuters from the surrounding Maryland and Virginia suburbs raise the city's daytime population to more than one million during the workweek. Washington's metropolitan area, the country's sixth largest, had a 2017 estimated population of 6.2 million residents. All three branches of the U. S. federal government are centered in the District: Congress and the U. S. Supreme Court. Washington is home to many national monuments, museums situated on or around the National Mall; the city hosts 177 foreign embassies as well as the headquarters of many international organizations, trade unions, non-profit, lobbying groups, professional associations, including the World Bank Group, the International Monetary Fund, the Organization of American States, AARP, the National Geographic Society, the Human Rights Campaign, the International Finance Corporation, the American Red Cross.
A locally elected mayor and a 13‑member council have governed the District since 1973. However, Congress may overturn local laws. D. C. residents elect a non-voting, at-large congressional delegate to the House of Representatives, but the District has no representation in the Senate. The District receives three electoral votes in presidential elections as permitted by the Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution, ratified in 1961. Various tribes of the Algonquian-speaking Piscataway people inhabited the lands around the Potomac River when Europeans first visited the area in the early 17th century. One group known as the Nacotchtank maintained settlements around the Anacostia River within the present-day District of Columbia. Conflicts with European colonists and neighboring tribes forced the relocation of the Piscataway people, some of whom established a new settlement in 1699 near Point of Rocks, Maryland. In his Federalist No. 43, published January 23, 1788, James Madison argued that the new federal government would need authority over a national capital to provide for its own maintenance and safety.
Five years earlier, a band of unpaid soldiers besieged Congress while its members were meeting in Philadelphia. Known as the Pennsylvania Mutiny of 1783, the event emphasized the need for the national government not to rely on any state for its own security. Article One, Section Eight, of the Constitution permits the establishment of a "District as may, by cession of particular states, the acceptance of Congress, become the seat of the government of the United States". However, the Constitution does not specify a location for the capital. In what is now known as the Compromise of 1790, Alexander Hamilton, Thomas Jefferson came to an agreement that the federal government would pay each state's remaining Revolutionary War debts in exchange for establishing the new national capital in the southern United States. On July 9, 1790, Congress passed the Residence Act, which approved the creation of a national capital on the Potomac River; the exact location was to be selected by President George Washington, who signed the bill into law on July 16.
Formed from land donated by the states of Maryland and Virginia, the initial shape of the federal district was a square measuring 10 miles on each side, totaling 100 square miles. Two pre-existing settlements were included in the territory: the port of Georgetown, founded in 1751, the city of Alexandria, founded in 1749. During 1791–92, Andrew Ellicott and several assistants, including a free African American astronomer named Benjamin Banneker, surveyed the borders of the federal district and placed boundary stones at every mile point. Many of the stones are still standing. A new federal city was constructed on the north bank of the Potomac, to the east of Georgetown. On September 9, 1791, the three commissioners overseeing the capital's construction named the city in honor of President Washington; the federal district was named Columbia, a poetic name for the United States in use at that time. Congress held its first session in Washington on November 17, 1800. Congress passed the District of Columbia Organic Act of 1801 that organized the District and placed the entire territory under the exclusive control of the federal
Eight Forty One
Eight Forty One is a 309 feet, 22-floor office building on the south bank of St. Johns River in Jacksonville, Florida. Completed in 1955, it was the tallest building in the city for 13 years until surpassed by the Riverplace Tower, it was "The Tallest Office Building in the South" and the tallest in Florida until NASA's Vehicle Assembly Building was completed in 1965. The building's former names include the Aetna Building, Prudential Plaza I or One Prudential Plaza, the Prudential Building. Known as the Prudential Building, it was constructed in 1955 for Prudential Insurance, which had selected Jacksonville as its Southeastern headquarters. Construction materials included North Carolina pink granite and Georgia marble; the 13-acre property is situated on the south/east bank of the St. Johns River and includes 1,100 feet of riverfrontage. A 2-ton piece of the Rock of Gibraltar, once in the lobby, is now found in the courtyard on the riverfront; the building was used as background in scenes from Creature From the Black Lagoon.
A sister building, Two Prudential Plaza, was constructed next door in 1985. The Prudential Building underwent a major renovation in 1988. Ocwen Financial Corp. completed the $36 million purchase of the Prudential Plaza One building in August, 1998. In 1999, Aetna acquired the Prudential HealthCare business for $1 billion, the signage was changed to "Aetna"; the building is known as Prudential Plaza I. Another major renovation was completed in 2002; the makeover included construction of a 1,100-space parking garage by Elkins Constructors. On February 21, 2002 the Prudential Plaza I building was renamed 841 Prudential Drive. On January 23, 2004, Ocwen sold 841 Prudential Drive to South Shore Group for $39 million; the building's name reverted to Aetna Building. At the January 31, 2008 meeting of the Downtown Development Review Board of the Jacksonville Economic Development Commission, plans were tenatively approved for a 128-slip dockage facility to be named The South Shore Marina & Riverwalk at the Aetna Building.
The project will use a design similar to that used by South Beach marinas. Landscape and lighting improvements will be made to the existing Jacksonville Riverwalk. Permits from the Florida Department of Environmental Protection and the United States Army Corps of Engineers had been obtained; the building was the original home of what is now the River Club of Jacksonville, a private business club that relocated to building now known as the Wells Fargo Center in 1976. The 12th floor is occupied by the Regus Aetna Center, which provides executive office suites to businesses needing temporary office space. Architecture of Jacksonville List of tallest buildings in Jacksonville List of tallest buildings in Florida Downtown Jacksonville Emporis Buildings: Jacksonville-One Prudential Plaza
The Jacksonville Beaches, known locally as "The Beaches", are a group of towns and communities on the northern half of an unnamed barrier island, nicknamed San Pablo Island, on the US state of Florida's First Coast, all of which are excluded cities or parts of the city of Jacksonville itself. These communities are separated from the main body of the city of Jacksonville by the Intracoastal Waterway; the Jacksonville Beaches are located in Duval and northern St. Johns County counties, make up part of the Jacksonville metropolitan area; the population of the beaches in 2009 is 68,118. The main communities identified as part of the Beaches are Mayport, Atlantic Beach, Neptune Beach, Jacksonville Beach, Ponte Vedra Beach; the Jacksonville Beaches communities are all located on an unnamed barrier island defined by the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the St. Johns River to the north, the Intracoastal Waterway to the west; the island was originally a peninsula until 1912, when a 10-mile channel was dug connecting the San Pablo and Tolomato Rivers, facilitating the Intracoastal Waterway and separating the land from the mainland.
The island has no official name. The northernmost of the beach communities is Mayport, in Duval County. Since the consolidation of the Jacksonville and Duval County governments in 1968, Mayport has been within the city limits of Jacksonville. Most of Mayport is occupied by Naval Station Mayport, a major U. S. Navy base, itself entirely located within the city of Jacksonville. Moving south along the coastline are three incorporated towns within Duval County: Atlantic Beach, Neptune Beach, Jacksonville Beach. All three maintain their own municipal governments, residents receive county-level services from Jacksonville and vote for Jacksonville's mayor and City Council. Continuing south into St. Johns County is Ponte Vedra Beach. Only the communities on the northern part of the island are considered the Beaches; the Palm Valley area of St. Johns County, much of, located on the island, is sometimes considered part of the Beaches; the parts of Duval County on the other side of the Intracoastal are sometimes known as the West Beaches.
Further inland are Jacksonville's Southside areas. The first inhabitants of the Jacksonville Beaches area were Native Americans. Like most of the Jacksonville area the region was inhabited by the Timucua people at the time of European contact. Mayport was the first part of the beaches to see any concentrated population growth, when a small community of fishermen and river pilots grew up there following the U. S. purchase of Florida in 1821. However, the entire Beaches area remained sparsely populated until the end of the 19th century, when they were developed as resorts. Jacksonville Beach known as Ruby and as Pablo Beach, grew around the series of luxury hotels built in the area. Further growth was facilitated by a railroad connecting the town to Jacksonville. Atlantic Beach grew as a resort community around a large hotel, smaller hotels were built at Mayport. Neptune Beach incorporated as its own town. Ponte Vedra Beach and Palm Valley remained much more rustic into the 20th century. Palm Valley mostly consisted of farmland.
In 1914 mineral deposits were discovered at Ponte Vedra, after which point it grew as the town of Mineral City. Following World War I real estate development began in the area and the name was changed to Ponte Vedra Beach. Relations between the Beaches and the Jacksonville city government have at times been tense; the three incorporated towns in Duval County have fought with the city over the ways taxes and government services are shared. The Beaches governments took up a second lawsuit in 1993 alleging a breach of the agreement, members of the Jacksonville City Council sought to review the charter in 2006, angering locals. During much of this time the Beaches threatened forming their own county, "Ocean County", though this was resolved following the election of Neptune Beach resident John Delaney as Mayor of Jacksonville in 1995
Naming rights are a financial transaction and form of advertising whereby a corporation or other entity purchases the right to name a facility or event for a defined period of time. For properties like a multi-purpose arena, performing arts venue or an athletic field, the term ranges from three to 20 years. Longer terms are more common for higher profile venues such as a professional sports facility; the distinctive characteristic for this type of naming rights is that the buyer gets a marketing property to promote products and services, promote customer retention and/or increase market share. There are several forms of corporate sponsored names. A presenting sponsor attaches the name of the corporation or brand at the end of a generic traditional, name. A title sponsor replaces the original name of the property with a corporate-sponsored one, with no reference to the previous name. In a few cases, naming rights contracts have been terminated prematurely; such terminations may be the result of sponsor bankruptcy, or scandals.
Stadium naming may have shifted in recent years to promoting corporate trade names, but in earlier decades is traced to the family names of company founders. The record for the highest amount paid for naming rights belongs to Scotiabank Arena. On August 29, 2017, a 20-year/$800 Million sponsorship deal was reached between Maple Leaf Sports and Entertainment and Canada's Bank of Nova Scotia to rename Toronto's Air Canada Centre; the home of the NHL's Toronto Maple Leafs and NBA's Toronto Raptors became known as Scotiabank Arena on July 1, 2018. Prior to the Scotiabank Arena deal, the record belonged to Citi Field and Barclays Center, both located in New York City, US; each garnered deals of $20 million per year for at least 20 years. The New Meadowlands Stadium, shared home of the New York Giants and New York Jets in East Rutherford, New Jersey, US. was expected to eclipse both deals, with experts estimating it would value $25–30 million annually. It fell short of that benchmark, with MetLife Stadium earning $17 million annually from its naming rights deal with MetLife.
The purchaser of a stadium's naming rights may choose to donate those rights to an outside organization one to which it is related. The most notable example of this is Friends Arena, a major stadium in Stockholm; the facility was known as Swedbank Arena, but in 2012 that company donated those rights to the Friends Foundation, an organization seeking to combat school bullying, sponsored by Swedbank. More the Kentucky Farm Bureau, an organization promoting the interests of Kentucky farmers, best known to the non-farming public for its insurance business, acquired the naming rights to the University of Kentucky's new baseball park in 2018; the Farm Bureau in turn donated those naming rights to the Kentucky Department of Agriculture, naming the venue Kentucky Proud Park. The sponsored name is the brand used by said state agency in its marketing campaign for agricultural products produced in that state. Naming rights in United States may have been traced back to 1912 with the opening of Fenway Park in Boston.
The stadium's owner had owned a realty company called "Fenway Realty", so the promotional value of the naming has been considered. Despite this, it is more believed to have begun in 1926 when William Wrigley, the chewing gum magnate and owner of the Chicago Cubs, named his team's stadium "Wrigley Field." In 1953, Anheuser-Busch head and St. Louis Cardinals owner August Busch, Jr. proposed renaming Sportsman's Park, occupied by the Cardinals, "Budweiser Stadium". When this idea was rejected by Ford Frick, the Commissioner of Baseball at that time, Anheuser-Busch proposed the title "Busch Stadium" after one of the company's founders; the name was approved, Anheuser-Busch subsequently released a new product called "Busch Bavarian Beer". The name would be shifted to the Busch Memorial Stadium in 1966, shortened in the 1970s to "Busch Stadium" and remained the stadium's name until it closed in 2005. By that time, Major League Baseball's policy had changed – with Coors Field in Denver and Miller Park in Milwaukee going up in that span – and Anheuser-Busch was able to use the same name for the Cardinals' new stadium which opened on April 4, 2006.
Foxboro Stadium, the home of the New England Patriots between 1970 and 2001, was an early example of a team selling naming rights to a company that did not own it, naming the stadium Schaefer Stadium after the beer company from its building until 1983. The public reaction to this practice is mixed. Naming rights sold to new venues have been accepted if the buyer is well-established and has strong local connections to the area, such as the cases of Rich Stadium in the Buffalo suburb of Orchard Park, Heinz Field in Pittsburgh, Coors Field in Denver. Selling the naming rights to an already-existing venue has been notably less successful, as in the attempt to rename Candlestick Park in San Francisco to 3Com Park; the general public continued to call the facility what it had been known as for over three decades–i.e. Candlestick Park. After the agreement with 3Com expired, the rights were resold to Monster Cable, the stadium was renamed Monster Park. San Francisco voters responded by passing an initiative in the November 2004 elections that stipulated the name must revert to Candlestick Park once the contract with Monster expired in 2008.
The Auchter Company
The Auchter Company was established in 1929 in Jacksonville, Florida by George D. Auchter; the Auchter Company was one of Florida's oldest general construction contractor. The Auchter Company built many civil and corporate buildings in Jacksonville, including the City Hall; the Auchter Company helped to build ships needed for World War 2, as part of the Emergency Shipbuilding Program the US Navy. After the war the shipyard closed down in February 1946; the Auchter Company built many buildings and bridges until sold on March 26, 2007 to Perry-Mccall Construction Inc. The Auchter Company did design, engineering for both on site construction and preconstruction pieces that were ship around the world; the Auchter Company did construction of office buildings, bridges, resort, museums, residential projects and power generating stations. The Auchter Company built Jacksonville International Airport, military bases and jails. To support World War 2 The Auchter Company built for the UN Navy floating repair drydocks.
The Auchter Company was a private company first owned by it founder George David Auchter. George D. Auchter found the company in 1929. George D. Auchter sold the company to the Glass family. Dave Auchter, a grandson of the firm's founder became an executive of the company. George D. Auchter before moving to Jacksonville, Florida was from New Jersey. George D. Auchter a trained engineer came to Jacksonville to do a job on bridge project mid 1920s for a New Jersey employer. George D. Auchter received George D. Auchter in 1922 a Florida engineering license. George D. Auchter started by building overpasses. For the war effort built pulpwood barges, floating repair drydocks and concrete ships After the war he continued in civil construction and high-rise projects. George Auchter wanting to retire he sold the company to a group investors in 1981. One of the investors was William H. Glass Jr.. William H. Glass Jr. father was The Auchter Company president for 14 years. William H. Glass Jr. had adegree in civil engineering.
William H. Glass Jr. in 1957 joined the U. S. Army as a field engineer. William H. Glass Jr. worked first in The Auchter Company as a project manager. Wiliam H. Glass Jr. became a vice president in 1979. Wiliam H. Glass Jr. purchased the other investors interest in 1993, keep the name The Auchter Company. Wiliam H. Glass Jr. continued the company tradition of building the major works in Jacksonville and expanded to other Florida location. Moved the company to retail like Gate Petroleum Convenience Stores and three big box Target stores in the North Florida area; the Auchter Company move its headquarters in 1999 to a First Coast Technology Park located on the campus of the University of North Florida. The new 3.36 acres headquarters helped build its relationship the University. William Glass's son, Brad Glass earned a degree in business administration from the University of North Florida and became part of joined The Auchter Company in 1995. Jeff Glass brother of Brad Glass joined The Auchter Company.
Wiliam H. Glass Jr. made both Brad partners in The Auchter Company. Brad Glass purchased Jeff share in the company and became president in 2002. In 2000 George Auchter grandson, Dave Auchter became the director of corporate development. Dave Auchter departed his job as media director for World Golf Village and the National Football League's Jacksonville Jaguars; the Auchter Company continued as engineering, construction constructors till 2007. Perry-Mccall Construction Inc. purchased the The Auchter Company on March 26, 2007. Jacksonville City Hall, now the Courthouse Annex building Crane Company Building Old Palm Valley Bridge in St. Johns County Modis Building Jacksonville Landing Humana Building Riverplace Tower BellSouth Tower Jacksonville, now TIAA Bank Center SunTrust International Center Western Union Telegraph buildings now the Museum of Contemporary Art Jacksonville EverBank Center Parts of the Naval Air Station Jacksonville Parts of the Naval Station Mayport Navy's Mayport officers' quarters by the St. Johns River Merrill-Stevens Drydock & Repair Co.
St. Regis Paper Company factory Maxwell House Coffee Plant Anheuser Busch Yeast Plant Two Prudential Plaza Ponte Vedra Inn and Club Amelia Island Plantation Jacksonville Port Authority Wharf Parts of the Jacksonville's St. Vincent's Medical Center Century Tower and gym and other building Duval County Courthouse Jacksonville International Airport Jacksonville Civic Auditorium First Baptist Church of Jacksonville Old Jacksonville Public Library downtown Jacksonville's Hendricks Avenue Overpass Haines Street Expressway Beach Boulevard Intercostal Waterway Bridge in Jacksonville Beach Amelia Island River Bridge in Fernandina Vilano Bridge in St. Augustine; the Auchter Company built Auxiliary Floating Light for the US Navy. They were called Auxiliary Floating Docks. AFD were 288 ft long, had a beam of 64 ft, draft of 3 ft 3 in empty and 31 ft 4 in flooded to load a ship. A normal crew was 60 men. AFDL could lift 1,900 tons to take a ship out the water for repair. AFDL were built as one piece. AFDLs has a crew of 30 to 130 men, living in a barge alongside the AFDL.
Used to repair small crafts, PT boats and small submarines. All AFD were reclassified AFDL after the war in 1946. USS AFD-19 - AFDL-19 served in Dunstaffnage a Scottish village, sold moved to Jacksonville, Florida USS AFD-20 - AFDL-20 served American Samoa USS AFD-21 - AFDL-21 USS AFD-22 - AFDL-22 USS Adept - AFDL-23
American Institute of Architects
The American Institute of Architects is a professional organization for architects in the United States. Headquartered in Washington, D. C. the AIA offers education, government advocacy, community redevelopment, public outreach to support the architecture profession and improve its public image. The AIA works with other members of the design and construction team to help coordinate the building industry; the AIA is headed by Robert Ivy, FAIA as EVP/Chief Executive Officer and William J. Bates, FAIA as 2019 AIA President; the American Institute of Architects was founded in New York City in 1857 by a group of 13 architects to "promote the scientific and practical perfection of its members" and "elevate the standing of the profession." This initial group included Charles Babcock, Henry W. Cleaveland, Henry Dudley, Leopold Eidlitz, Edward Gardiner, Richard Morris Hunt, Fred A. Petersen, Jacob Wrey Mould, John Welch, Richard M. Upjohn and Joseph C. Wells, with Richard Upjohn serving as the first president.
They met on February 23, 1857, decided to invite 16 other prominent architects to join them, including Alexander Jackson Davis, Thomas U. Walter, Calvert Vaux. Prior to their establishment of the AIA, anyone could claim to be an architect, as there were no schools of architecture or architectural licensing laws in the United States, they drafted a constitution and bylaws by March 10, 1857, under the name New York Society of Architects. Thomas U. Walter, of Philadelphia suggested the name be changed to American Institute of Architects; the members signed the new constitution on April 15, 1857, having filed a certificate of incorporation two days earlier. The constitution was amended the following year with the mission "to promote the artistic and practical profession of its members. Architects in other cities were asking to join in the 1860s, by the 1880s chapters had been formed in Albany, Boston, Cincinnati, Philadelphia, Rhode Island, San Francisco, St. Louis, Washington, D. C; as of 2008, AIA had more than 300 chapters.
The AIA is headquartered at 1735 New York Avenue, NW in Washington, D. C. A design competition was held in the mid-1960s to select an architect for a new AIA headquarters in Washington. Mitchell/Giurgola won the design competition but failed to get approval of the design concept from the United States Commission of Fine Arts; the firm resigned the commission and helped select The Architects Collaborative to redesign the building. The design, led by TAC principals Norman Fletcher and Howard Elkus, was approved in 1970 and completed in 1973. In honor of the 150th anniversary of the organization, the building was formally renamed in 2007 the "American Center for Architecture" and is home to the American Institute of Architecture Students, the Association of Collegiate Schools of Architecture and the National Architectural Accrediting Board. More than 90,000 licensed architects and associated professionals are members. AIA members adhere to a code of ethics and professional conduct intended to assure clients, the public, colleagues of an architect's dedication to the highest standards in professional practice.
There are five levels of membership in the AIA: Architect members are licensed to practice architecture by a licensing authority in the United States. Associate members are not licensed to practice architecture but they are working under the supervision of an architect in a professional or technical capacity, have earned professional degrees in architecture, are faculty members in a university program in architecture, or are interns earning credit toward licensure. International associate members hold an architecture license or the equivalent from a licensing authority outside the United States. Emeritus members have been AIA members for 15 successive years and are at least 70 years of age or are incapacitated and unable to work in the architecture profession. Allied members are individuals whose professions are related to the building and design community, such as engineers, landscape architects, or planners. Allied membership is a partnership with the American Architectural Foundation. There is no National AIA membership category for students, but they can become members of the American Institute of Architecture Students and many local and state chapters of the AIA have student membership categories.
The AIA's most prestigious honor is the designation of a member as a Fellow of the American Institute of Architects. This membership is awarded to members who have made contributions of national significance to the profession. More than 2,600, or 2% of all members, have been elevated to the AIA College of Fellows. Foreign architects of prominence may be elected to the College as Honorary Fellows of the AIA; the AIA has a staff of more than 200 employees. Although the AIA functions as a national organization, its 217 local and state chapters provide members with programming and direct services to support them throughout their professional lives; the chapters cover the entirety of its territories. Components operate in the United Kingdom, Continental Europe, the Middle East, Hong Kong and Canada. By speaking with a united voice, AIA architects influence government practices that affect the practice of the profession and the quality of American life; the AIA monitors legislative and regulator
KBJ Architects, Inc. is an American architectural firm based in Jacksonville, Florida. The firm designed 17 of the city's 30 tallest buildings and "created Jacksonville's modern skyline", according to The Florida Times-Union newspaper; the firm designed the first high-rise in downtown Jacksonville, the 22-story Aetna Building, which opened in 1955. It took pride in "having the second-largest number of architects of any Florida firm", according to a 1997 article in The Florida Times-Union. In addition to works in Jacksonville, KBJ has worked extensively throughout north and central Florida, to a lesser degree throughout the southeast United States. Clients include international and private corporations, institutions, public authorities, as well as federal and local governments; the firm developed the design standards for residential developments at the Deerwood Country Club and at Amelia Island Plantation north of Jacksonville. In Orlando, KBJ designed the First National Bank and Hartford Insurance buildings and three of the four airsides at Orlando International Airport.
Roy A. Benjamin moved from Ocala to Jacksonville soon after the Great Fire of 1901 and designed many notable buildings in Jacksonville and surrounding areas, his most famous structures were theaters. He was one of Jacksonville's most prolific architects. Three University of Florida alumni—William D. Kemp, Franklin S. Bunch and William K. Jackson—purchased Benjamin's architectural firm when he retired after World War II and renamed it Kemp and Jackson in 1946. KBJ Architects has been in practice for more than 6 decades and is the oldest architectural firm in Florida; the company maintains a branch office in downtown Orlando, Florida. In June 2002, KBJ Architects, Rink Reynolds, Cannon Design and Spillis Candela were the final four candidates under consideration for designing the planned Duval County Courthouse Complex; when Cannon Design was chosen, KBJ appealed the award, claiming that Cannon's design was inconsistent with the specifications for size and budget set by the city, but the administration of Mayor John Delaney saw no grounds for the award to be rescinded.
The project continued under Cannon into the term of Mayor John Peyton, but costs and the size of the project fluctuated and peaked at a $224 million construction cost, $23 million over the $201 million Mendoza Line for construction costs drawn by the Mayor. As a result, Peyton stopped all work on the project and terminated all consultants contracts for convenience, including Jacobs Facilities and construction managers Skanska Dynamic Partners; the project was re-bid in 2006, the City received two offers for a Design-Build solution and delivery of the project. The team of Perry-McCall Construction -The Auchter Company coupled with Architects Rink Design and DLR were awarded the contract; when it was discovered that the Auchter Company had financial troubles, the contract was terminated for convenience. Second place bidder, Turner Construction Company, partnered with Technical Construction Services Group and KBJ Architects, was given an opportunity to negotiate a contract with the city in July 2007, by approval of the Competitive Sealed Proposal Evaluation Committee.
A contract was signed with a budget of $350 million. Work was completed and the courthouse opened on June 18, 2012; each of the founders focused on one aspect of the firm. Kemp specialized in the business side of projects. Bunch was known for being the expert in the construction and technical aspects of architecture, Jackson was the lead designer. Franklin S. Bunch served as president on a number of Florida boards and foundations, including the Florida State Board of Architecture, the Florida Association of Architects, the Jacksonville Building Code Advisory Committee, he was chairman of the Zoning and Building Codes Adjustment Board. And named an AIA Fellow in 1961.http://www.dcp.ufl.edu/files/004b4536-1461-4a09-9.pdf William K. Jackson was a strong believer in long-range urban planning and was a key supporter of 1962 legislation that created the Jacksonville-Duval Area Planning Board, he was chairman of the board. William D. Kemp was less outgoing that his other partners. According to his son, Kemp believed that architecture should remain pure, not be directly involved with other construction industry activities.
As such, he limited his outside activities to his church, where he was active, serving as a Senior Warden and Vestryman. KBJ designed buildings include: Douglas Anderson School of the Arts Fidelity National Financial buildings Florida State College at Jacksonville Kent Campus Jacksonville University administration building Occidental Life Insurance Company Building in Raleigh, North Carolina Omni Jacksonville Hotel Physician Sales & Service offices SuperStock offices Riverside Presbyterian House Tournament Players Club clubhouse Over the years, KBJ's projects have received scores of awards for excellence in Architecture, Design and Renovations. Franklin Bunch was elected a Fellow of the American Institute of Architects in 1961. William K. Jackson was awarded the 1972 Architect Community Service Award by the Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects; the company received a special award in 1992 from the Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects when KBJ Architects was named, Firm of the Year.