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Wesleyan Methodist Church (Great Britain)

The Wesleyan Methodist Church was the name used by the majority Methodist movement in England following its split from the Church of England after the death of John Wesley and the appearance of parallel Methodist movements. The word Wesleyan in the title differentiated it from the Welsh Calvinistic Methodists and from the Primitive Methodist movement, which separated from the Wesleyans in 1807; the Wesleyan Methodist Church followed the Wesleys in holding to an Arminian theology, in contrast to the Calvinism held by George Whitefield, by Selina Hastings and by Howell Harris and Daniel Rowland, the pioneers of Welsh Methodism. Its Conference was the legal successor to John Wesley as holder of the property of the original Methodist Societies; the title "Wesleyan Methodist Church" remained in use until the Methodist Union of 1932, when the church re-united with the Primitive Methodist Church and the United Methodist Church to form the current Methodist Church of Great Britain. In 1898, Robert Perks, MP for Louth, proposed the creation of the Wesleyan Methodist Twentieth Century Fund which aimed to raise one million guineas from one million Methodists to build a Central London church to build a world centre of Wesleyan Methodism and to expand the mission of the Wesleyan Church at home and overseas.

On 8 November, 1898, the fund was launched at Wesley's Chapel in City Road, London. The fund had raised £1,073,682 by the time it closed in 1909, part of, used to purchase the former Royal Aquarium site for the construction of the Methodist Central Hall, Westminster and to support construction and extension of other Wesleyan Methodist churches and Sunday schools around the UK and overseas. John Wesley was convinced of the importance of education and, following the advice of his friend Dr. Philip Doddridge, opened schools at The Foundery in London, at Newcastle and Kingswood. Following the upsurge in interest in education which accompanied the extension of franchise in 1832, the Methodist Conference commissioned William Atherton, Richard Treffry and Samuel Jackson to report on Methodist schools, coming to the conclusion that if the Church were to prosper the system of Sunday schools should be augmented by day-schools with teachers educated to high school level; the Rev. John Scott proposed in 1843 that 700 new Methodist day-schools be established within seven years.

Though a steady increase was achieved, that ambitious target could not be reached, in part limited by the number of suitably qualified teachers coming from the institution founded in Glasgow by David Stow. The outcome of the Wesleyan Education Report for 1844 was that planning began for permanent Wesleyan teacher-training college, resulting in the foundation of Westminster Training College in Horseferry Road, Westminster in 1851, with the Rev. Scott as its first Principal. Wesleyanism Manchester and Salford Wesleyan Methodist Mission

Personal Rights in Defense and Education

Personal Rights in Defense and Education was a gay political organization. Established in 1966 as a radical gay political organization that from its origination set a new tone for gay political groups like the Gay Liberation Front, ACT UP and the Radical Faeries. PRIDE led aggressive, demonstrations against the oppression by the Los Angeles Police Department of gay gatherings or same-sex meetings in the city of Los Angeles. PRIDE's monthly single-page newsletter evolved into The Advocate, the nation's longest running gay news publication. PRIDE is an acronym for Personal Rights in Education; the organization was formed in California in 1966 by Steve Ginsburg. PRIDE, from its inception, was much more radical than the pre-1960s homosexual rights groups, which were more deferential. PRIDE's goal was to get out on the streets and get in the faces of the opposition with noisy, loud demonstrations and political action, as opposed to the conservative approach taken by its predecessors; the 27-year-old founder, Steve Ginsburg, made it clear from the start that the organization would not hold back on showing its youthful overt sexuality.

Ginsburg set the example for members by wearing his leather gear to run the PRIDE management meetings. This was a new breed of radical activist whose approach gave permission to groups like the GLF, ACT UP and the Radical Faeries; the organization called their meetings "PRIDE NIGHTS" and they took place at a gay bar in Los Angeles called The HUB. Like many gay bars, The Hub served the gay community in many ways; the bars would lend their spaces for many non-"bar"-related activities to support the gay community. Ginsberg used the bar and club scene to connect with gay youth directly. PRIDE defended the gay bars and the gay youth culture that attended them, while older gay groups would not. Since gay youth were excluded by older conservative gay groups, they looked for other outlets, PRIDE and Ginsberg saw the opportunity to tap into an energetic and under-represented constituency; the organization's core belief was that gays needed a variety of social environments in which to gather. These venues included bars and night clubs, as well as outdoor events, such as hiking and other sporting activities.

The core beliefs encompassed the opportunity to marry and the right to access to social services. But what PRIDE did better than any other group was to organize large groups of disenfranchised youth to demonstrate against any group or person that denied the gay community their equal rights or dignity. Not the Police was targeted because of its aggressive and violent oppression of gays; the raid on the Black Cat Tavern in the Silverlake section of Los Angeles on New Year's Eve 1967 was the defining moment for PRIDE Undercover police staked out the bar, waiting for the moment that male patrons kissed each other at midnight. Word went out to waiting police reinforcements and they poured into the bar, beating up patrons, smashing the furniture and chasing several patrons down the street to another bar called New Faces, where the police knocked the manager to the ground and subsequently beat up the bartenders. PRIDE acted organizing large vocal street demonstrations, handing out thousands of leaflets to passing drivers and pedestrians outside the Black Cat Tavern and in the Sunset Junction area.

This happened a full two years prior to the gay rights riots at the Stonewall Inn, NYC. PRIDE ran fundraising efforts for the six customers arrested during the raid at the Black Cat Tavern who were convicted; the case went all the way to the United States Supreme Court. The Court refused to hear the case and the convictions were sustained. PRIDE published a newsletter under the guidance of Richard Mitch starting in 1966; the early issues were printed on school-style mimeographed press. In late summer of 1967 Richard Mitch and his boyfriend Bill Rau worked to ramp up the PRIDE newsletter into a full gay newspaper; the first issue was only 500 copies. The publication got The Los Angeles Advocate; the cover story was entitled "GAY POWER." PRIDE and its fledgling publication diverged with differing agendas and Richard Mitch, Sam Winston and Bill Rand purchased the rights to the publication for $1.00. The Advocate was now a stand-alone institution and grew to become the first national gay publication.

And is still in operation today as a national magazine. As part of the here! Media conglomerate, which includes Out magazine. In late 1968 PRIDE under tremendous pressure from all sides to cease its aggressive radical approach and activities was dissolved by its founders. Gay Metropolis: The Landmark History of Gay Life in America, By Charles Kaiser Encyclopedia of Gay, Bisexual, Trandgender & Queer Culture Gay L. A.: a history of sexual outlaws, power politics, lipstick lesbians, By Lillian Faderman, Stuart Timmons Bohemian Los Angeles and the making of modern politics By Daniel Hurewitz


Lexikos is a peer-reviewed academic journal in the field of lexicography, established in 1991. It is published by Bureau of the Woordeboek van die Afrikaanse Taal of the association the African Association for Lexicography, it became the official journal of the latter in 1996. It appears annually and publishes contributions in English, Dutch and German. Since the retirement of Johan C. M. D. Du Plessis in 2010, a team of three rotating editors was put in place; the team takes joint responsibility of each issue, with one member of the team being appointed as editor in chief annually. The current team members are Elsabé Taljard and Steve Ndinga-Koumba-Binza. Being the only lexicographic journal in Africa, Lexikos aims at stimulating discussion among researchers both on the continent and in the other parts of the world, its scope encompasses not only lexicography, but its relations with other fields, such as computer science or general linguistics. The journal publishes the following types of contributions: Research papers Contemplative articles, reflecting on existing research and theories Review articles and reviews Discussions of projects Lexiconotes - short articles concerning various practical problems and suggestions Lexicovaria - announcements and press releases aimed at practicing lexicographers Reports on workshops and conferences The journal is indexed in the following services: Arts and Humanities Citation Index Current Contents Journal Citation Reports, Social Sciences Edition Linguistic Bibliography Linguistics Abstracts Online Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts MLA International Bibliography R.

R. K. Hartmann's Bibliography of Lexicography Scopus Social Sciences Citation Index Social Scisearch Open access in South Africa Official website African Association for Lexicography homepage

Prapreče, Žužemberk

Prapreče is a settlement in the Municipality of Žužemberk in southeastern Slovenia. It lies on the left bank of the Krka River northwest of Žužemberk itself; the area is part of the historical region of Lower Carniola. The municipality is now included in the Southeast Slovenia Statistical Region. There are two mills on the left bank of the Krka River in the southwestern part of Prapreče; the Vehovec Grain Mill and Sawmill dates from about 1800 and is housed in the lower part of a two-story building. The grain mill operated in it for 200 years before it was removed in 1980; the sawmill was removed. The millrace and sluice have been preserved; the Zajc Mill stands southeast of the Vehovec Mill in a building that dates to the first quarter of the 19th century but has been remodeled several times. It contains two old-fashioned sets of millstones and a roller mill, it stands nest to a small hydroelectric station with a radial Francis turbine. Media related to Prapreče, Žužemberk at Wikimedia Commons Prapreče at Geopedia

Battle of the Bogue

The Battle of the Bogue was fought between British and Chinese forces in the Pearl River Delta, Guangdong province, China, on 23–26 February 1841 during the First Opium War. The British launched an amphibious attack at the Humen strait, capturing the forts on the islands of Anunghoy and North Wangtong; this allowed the fleet to proceed further up the Pearl River towards the city of Canton, which they captured the following month. After the Second Battle of Chuenpi on 7 January 1841, British Plenipotentiary Charles Elliot and Chinese Imperial Commissioner Qishan negotiated the Convention of Chuenpi on 20 January. However, no proclamation for the opening of the port appeared. On 11–12 February and Qishan met again at the Bogue. Elliot acceded to a further delay for the treaty to be prepared. Commodore James Bremer, commander-in-chief of British forces, wrote in his dispatch: I must confess that from this moment my faith in the sincerity of the Chinese Commissioner was destroyed, my doubts were strengthened by the reports of the Officers I sent up to the place of meeting, who stated that military works on a great scale were in progress, troops collected on the heights, camps protected by entrenchments, arising on both sides of the river, that the island of North Wangtong had become a mass of cannon.

Suspecting warlike intentions on the part of the Chinese, Bremer sailed to the Macao Roads on 13 February to confer with Elliot. He found that the Nemesis was en route to Canton to demand ratification of the convention and had orders to wait until the night of 18 February for an answer. On the morning of 19 February, the Nemesis returned without a reply, all doubt regarding the hostile intentions of the Chinese ended when the ship came under fire from North Wangtong; that evening, Qishan's and Elliot's intermediary Paoupang arrived in Macao in a chop-boat, announcing Qishan's refusal to sign the treaty and demanding ten more days to consider it. However, Elliot replied. Bremer detached the Calliope, Herald, Alligator and Sulphur under Captain Thomas Herbert to prevent further defensive preparations. In response, a proclamation from the Lieutenant-Governor of Canton, announced a $30,000 reward for the heads of Bremer or Elliot, $50,000 for anyone who could seize them alive, among other rewards.

On 23 February, Captain Herbert, accompanied by Elliot, sailed to the rear passage of Anunghoy Island aboard the Nemesis, with the pinnaces of the Calliope, Samarang and Alligator in flotilla. As the fleet tried to clear the stakes placed across the river, they unexpectedly encountered a masked 20-gun battery abreast of the spot, which opened fire; the Nemesis responded with a volley of grape and canister shots from the bow and stern guns, while the pinnaces sailed towards the shore to storm the battery, opening fire from their bow guns as they advanced. Herbert reported that boats were "making off in the greatest confusion; the Chinese fled after a slight resistance, whereupon their magazines, a few junks, some boats were burned. The British disabled the 20 mounted guns of various calibre by breaking the trunnions. An additional 60 dismounted guns were found and rendered useless, excluding a few brass ones which were taken as trophies. There were no British casualties. Herbert reported 20 to 30 Chinese dead.

On the same day, former Imperial Commissioner Lin Zexu wrote in his diary: "I hear that two small steamers belonging to the rebel English, with several small boats, sailed straight up to T'ai-p'ing-hsü in the Bogue, opened fire and set alight a number of peasants' houses, the Customs House."Since South Wangtong Island was unfortified by the Chinese, the British set up a battery there to target the forts on North Wangtong Island, which would divert attention from the upcoming attack on Anunghoy. Shortly after midday on 25 February, the Nemesis embarked 130 troops of the 37th Madras Native Infantry to assist in erecting a mortar battery on the island. In the evening, Captain W. J. Birdwood of the Madras Sappers and fellow engineer officers, with a working party of Royal and Madras Artillery, covered by the 37th MNI, erected a sand bag battery on a saddle in the middle of the island. Two 8-inch iron and one 24-pounder brass howitzer were put in position. During construction, the North Wangtong batteries fired during much of the night but their shots passed above the site and slackened towards 2:00 am.

At daylight on 26 February, the three howitzers fired shells and rockets into North Wangtong and into Anunghoy. British troops were ordered to be ready at 7:00 am, but due to calm weather, the operation was delayed until 11:00 am, when the breeze was strong enough to sail. Anunghoy's defences were the 42-gun South Anunghoy Fort, the 60-gun Jingyuan Fort north of Weiyuan, the 40-gun North Anunghoy Fort. Captain Humphrey Fleming Senhouse of the Blenheim—aided by the Melville, the steamer Queen, four rocket boats—approached the southern fort, dropped its anchor 600 yards away, fired broadsides from its starboard guns; the Melville approached five minutes off the portside of the Blenheim, sailed within 400 yards of the fort, fired broadsides in quick succession. A British officer wrote: "The firing of these ships was most splendid: nothing could withstand their deadly aim... One or two shot wer

I'm All Yours

"I'm All Yours" is an R&B-hip-hop song by British artist Jay Sean. The song was released in North America as the first single from Neon. In other markets, including the UK, the song serves as Jay Sean's lead single from his fourth studio album; the single features American rapper Pitbull and is produced by Orange Factory Music."I'm All Yours" had its radio premiere on 18 April 2012. The track was released to US radio on 22 May 2012 and digital retailers on 29 May 2012. In February 2012, Jay Sean revealed at the Cash Money’s pre-Grammy party in Hollywood that a brand new single, I'm All Yours featuring Pitbull, is coming, he told Rap-Up, "It’s gonna be a smash and I’m saying it right now because the video is insane". He further added "We shot it in Miami—yachts, speed boats, all of that good stuff". Speaking in May 2012 to MTV News Jocelyn Vena, Jay explained the background to the track, "Well, you know, people who know my music when I first came over to America, one of the first things that people noticed with my songs is I like to do feel-good songs.

And when it comes to the singles, that's. And'I'm All Yours' is the epitome of all that", he further added, "So it's still got that element of romance, what I like to bring to music. So it's romantic, and the Pitbull collaboration happened in Australia, where we were on tour together, you know, we're all fans of each other. We got talking, like,'Man, we should do something.' So we laid it out right there and then". Further he said "I think the thing is, you got someone like Pit and myself, we share similar fanbases, but as I said, it's that high-energy music that blends well together," he said. "And I think sometimes certain voices and certain vibes and certain styles just work together on a record, so it was just nice the way it came out" The song along with the artwork was leaked on 20 April, but it was soon taken down by IFPI. However, Jay uploaded the artwork on his Facebook account that day. "I'm All Yours" is a Dance-pop influenced track that lasts for three minutes and thirty eight seconds.

It includes the elements of club beats. The song starts with Jay Sean singing "I'm all yours tonight, got a feeling that I can't deny, everything about you gets me high, girl I want this for the rest of my life, I'm all yours"; when this ends, Pitbull starts his rap. The song continues with Jay Sean singing "I'm all yours tonight, got a feeling that I can't deny, everything about you gets me high, girl I want this for the rest of my life, I'm all yours"; when this ends, Pitbull starts his rap again. The song continues with Jay Sean singing "I'm all yours tonight, got a feeling that I can't deny, everything about you gets me high, girl I want this for the rest of my life, I'm all yours"; when this ends, Pitbull starts his rap again. The song finishes with Jay Sean singing "I'm all yours tonight, got a feeling that I can't deny, everything about you gets me high, girl I want this for the rest of my life, I'm all yours"; the music video for "I'm All Yours" was shot with Pitbull in Miami in February 2012 as a high budget video.

Jay Sean gave a sneak peek photograph as well. The video features Colombian model Nawal Ayoub, five exotic cars, a yacht party and cameo from American rapper and co-founder of Cash Money Records, Birdman; the video was directed by Gil Green, who had directed the video for Jay Sean's 2009 hit single, "Do You Remember". The video was premiered on 21 May 2012, during BET's 106 & Park, had its online premiere on Vevo two days later. Jay Sean gave numerous Stage performances in Countries like US, Indonesia, Japan etc. for the promotion of the song and the album. He appeared on The Tonight Show with Jay Leno telecasted on 24 July 2012 and performed the solo version of the track. Jay Sean announced "I'm All Yours Tour" for Australia and New Zealand; the Tour included 6 shows in 1 show in New Zealand. Digital download"I'm All Yours" – 3:38 Lead vocals – Jay Sean, Pitbull Producers – OFM Lyrics – Jay Sean, Hookman Marlin Bonds, Atozzio Towns, Ryan Taylor, Armando Perez Label: Cash Money Records, Universal Republic Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics