Brenda Hillman, is an American poet and translator. She is the author of nine collections of poetry: White Dress, Death Tractates, Bright Existence, Loose Sugar, Pieces of Air in the Epic, Practical Water, for which she won the LA Times Book Award for Poetry, Seasonal Works with Letters on Fire, which received the 2014 Griffin Poetry Prize and the Northern California Book Award for Poetry. Among the awards Hillman has received are the 2012 Academy of American Poets Fellowship, the 2005 William Carlos Williams Prize for poetry, Fellowships from the National Endowment for the Arts and the Guggenheim Foundation. A professor of Creative Writing, she holds the Olivia Filippi Chair in Poetry at Saint Mary's College of California, in Moraga, California. Hillman is involved in non-violent activism as a member of the Code Pink Working Group in the San Francisco Bay Area. In 2016, she was elected a Chancellor of the Academy of American Poets, she was educated at Pomona College, received her M. F. A. at the Iowa Writers' Workshop.
She is the Olivia Filippi Professor of Poetry at Saint Mary's College in California. She taught during a residency at the Atlantic Center for the Arts. Hillman met the writer Leonard Michaels in Iowa City in 1975, they were married in Berkeley in 1976, which ended in divorce in the late 1980s, they had a daughter together. She is married to the poet Robert Hass. One of contemporary poetry's most eclectic and formally innovative writers, Brenda Hillman is known for poems that draw on elements of found texts and document, personal meditation and literary theory. Described as “sensuous” and “luminescent,” Hillman's poetry investigates and pushes at the possibilities of form and voice, while remaining grounded in topics such as geology, the environment, politics and spirituality. In an interview with Sarah Rosenthal, Hillman described her own understanding of form: “It is the artist’s job to make form. Not to make it, but to allow it. Allow form, and all artists have a different relationship to it, a different philosophy of it… I think that when you are trying to open up a territory—in this case I was working with a desire to open the lyric—you have to be greedy, in that you want more than you can do.
And you’re always bound to fail.” Brenda Hillman has published nine collections of poetry, all from Wesleyan University Press: White Dress, Death Tractates, Bright Existence, Loose Sugar, Pieces of Air in the Epic, Practical Water, for which she won the LA Times Book Award for Poetry. Her ninth collection of poetry, the final volume in her tetralogy of books about the classical elements, Seasonal Works with Letters on Fire, received the International Griffin Poetry Prize for 2014, as well as the Northern California Book Award for Poetry and the California Book Award Gold Medal in Poetry. In her interview with Rosenthal, Hillman concluded by admitting: “I hope that whatever experiment and opening and wildness and exploration the poem has to go through—and I do mean the poem because I feel like I am in its hands when I’m writing—that it keeps human experience recognizable.” Hillman is the author of three chapbooks: Coffee, 3 A. M. Autumn Sojourn, The Firecage, she has edited an edition of Emily Dickinson's poetry for Shambhala Publications, with Patricia Dienstfrey, co-edited The Grand Permission: New Writings on Poetics and Motherhood.
With Paul Ebenkamp, she co-edited Writing New California Poetry. She co-translated, with Diallah Haidar, Poems from Above the Hill: Selected Poems of Ashur Etwebi, one of Libya's most significant poets. In 2010 she co-translated Jeongrye Choi's book of poems, released by Parlor Press. Hillman has been interested in the innovative and experimental lyric traditions in how the Romantic concepts of nature and spirit have manifested in contemporary poetry. In her essay entitled “Split and Space,” Hillman writes about the emergence of different kinds of lyric impulses in her writing: “The sense of a single ‘voice’ in poetry grew to include polyphonies, oddly collective dictations, the process of writing itself; this happened in part because of a rediscovered interest in esoteric western tradition and in part because I came to a community of women who were writing in exploratory forms…A poetic method which had heretofore been based on waiting for insight had to accommodate process, indeterminate physics, a philosophy of detached looking.”
Hillman’s early poetry collections received critical praise for their transfiguration of experience. With the publication of Loose Sugar, Hillman acquired a formidable reputation in the world of contemporary poetry. Cascadia and Pieces of Air in the Epic both use complicated structures to achieve what Forrest Gander has called “poetic architectures.” Hillman spoke to Poets and Writers about her process of composition in Cascadia: “One of the ideas I got from André Breton when I read him in college is the use of chance as anchor. I would arbitrarily choose words and make myself use them to anchor the rest of the writing to the page…in the long poem, ‘A Geology,’ the corner words ‘anchor’ the rest of the poem to the page so it wouldn't float.” Reviewing Practical Water for the Boston Review, Craig Morgan Teicher spoke to Hillman’s process: “Hillman has charted her own unusual course, borrowing things—a mixture of conversational and high-lyric diction, an emphasis on language’s materiality, an interest in metaphysics and occult knowledge, a passionate environmental and political consciousness—from pretty much every
Charles Wright (poet)
Charles Wright is an American poet. He shared the National Book Award in 1983 for Country Music: Selected Early Poems and won the Pulitzer Prize in 1998 for Black Zodiac. In 2014-2015 he was the 50th Poet Laureate of the United States. Wright was born in Tennessee. Wright attended Christ School in Asheville for his junior and senior years where he helped coach football, served as vice president of his class, became a member of the honors program. While at Christ School, he enveloped himself in the literature. By the time he graduated, he matriculated at Davidson College and the University of Iowa Writers' Workshop. He was a Fulbright Scholar at the University of Padua. From 1966 to 1983, he taught at the University of Irvine. Fellow Colleagues poets Robert Peters and James L. McMichael and novelist Oakley Hall shared during this time directorship of the university's well-known Master of Fine Arts program, he was a Chancellor of The Academy of American Poets and Souder Family Professor of English at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville.
On June 12, 2014, the Library of Congress announced that Wright would serve as Poet Laureate of the United States beginning on September 25, 2014. He retired from the position in May 2015. Beside the award-winning books Country Music and Black Zodiac, Wright has published Chickamauga, Buffalo Yoga, Negative Blue, The World of the Ten Thousand Things: Poems 1980-1990, Zone Journals and Hard Freight, his work appears in Blackbird: an online journal of literature and the arts. Wright has published two works of criticism and Quarter Notes, his translation of Eugenio Montale's The Storm and Other Poems won him the PEN Translation Prize in 1979. In 1993, he received the Ruth Lilly Poetry Prize for his lifetime achievement. Caribou, Farrar and Giroux, 2014. Bye-and-Bye: Selected Late Poems Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2012. — winner of the 2013 Bollingen Prize Outtakes Sarabande, 2010. Sestets Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2009. Littlefoot Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2007. Scar Tissue Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2006. — winner of the 2007 International Griffin Poetry Prize The Wrong End of the Rainbow Sarabande, 2005.
Buffalo Yoga Farrar, Straux & Giroux, 2004. A Short History of the Shadow Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2002. Negative Blue Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2000. North American Bear Sutton Hoo, 1999. Appalachia Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1998. Black Zodiac Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1997. —winner of the 1998 Pulitzer Prize for Poetry Chickamauga Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1995. —finalist, 1996 Pulitzer Prize for Poetry Quarter Notes U of Michigan Press, 1995. The World of the Ten Thousand Things. Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1990. Xionia Windhover Press, 1990. Zone Journals Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1988. Halflife U of Michigan Press, 1988; the Other Side of the River. Random House 1984. —finalist, 1985 Pulitzer Prize for Poetry Orphic Songs. Dino Campana Field Editions, 1984. Country Music: Selected Early Poems —shared the National Book Award for Poetry with Galway Kinnell, Selected Poems. —finalist, 1982 Pulitzer Prize for Poetry The Storm and Other Things Eugenio Montale Field Editions, 1978. China Trace Wesleyan University Press, 1977.
Bloodlines Wesleyan University Press, 1975. Hard Freight Wesleyan University Press, 1973; the Grave of the Right Hand Wesleyan University Press, 1970. Schuessler, Jennifer. "Charles Wright named America's Poet Laureate". The New York Times. Galgano, Andrea. "Il viaggio inciso di Charles Wright". Frontiera di Pagine. Now in Frontiera di Pagine II, Roma 2017, pp. 615-632 ISBN 8825501617 Charles Wright: Online Resources from the Library of Congress Profile at Poetry Foundation "Charles Wright, The Art of Poetry No. 41". The Paris Review. Interviewed by J. D. McClatchy. Winter 1989. Charles Wright's papers reside at the Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library at the University of Virginia
T. S. Eliot
Thomas Stearns Eliot, "one of the twentieth century's major poets" was an essayist, publisher and literary and social critic. Born in St. Louis, Missouri, in the United States, to a prominent Boston Brahmin family, he moved to England in 1914 at the age of 25, settling and marrying there, he became a British subject in 1927 at the age of 39. Eliot attracted widespread attention for his poem "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock", seen as a masterpiece of the Modernist movement, it was followed by some of the best-known poems in the English language, including The Waste Land, "The Hollow Men", "Ash Wednesday", Four Quartets. He was known for his seven plays Murder in the Cathedral and The Cocktail Party, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1948, "for his outstanding, pioneer contribution to present-day poetry". The Eliots were a Boston Brahmin family with roots in New England. Thomas Eliot's paternal grandfather, William Greenleaf Eliot, had moved to St. Louis, Missouri, to establish a Unitarian Christian church there.
His father, Henry Ware Eliot, was a successful businessman and treasurer of the Hydraulic-Press Brick Company in St Louis. His mother, Charlotte Champe Stearns, wrote poetry and was a social worker, a new profession in the early 20th century. Eliot was the last of six surviving children. Eliot was born at a property owned by his grandfather, William Greenleaf Eliot, his four sisters were between 19 years older. Known to family and friends as Tom, he was the namesake of Thomas Stearns. Eliot's childhood infatuation with literature can be ascribed to several factors. First, he had to overcome physical limitations as a child. Struggling from a congenital double inguinal hernia, he could not participate in many physical activities and thus was prevented from socializing with his peers; as he was isolated, his love for literature developed. Once he learned to read, the young boy became obsessed with books and was absorbed in tales depicting savages, the Wild West, or Mark Twain's thrill-seeking Tom Sawyer.
In his memoir of Eliot, his friend Robert Sencourt comments that the young Eliot "would curl up in the window-seat behind an enormous book, setting the drug of dreams against the pain of living." Secondly, Eliot credited his hometown with fuelling his literary vision: "It is self-evident that St. Louis affected me more than any other environment has done. I feel that there is something in having passed one's childhood beside the big river, incommunicable to those people who have not. I consider myself fortunate to have been born here, rather than in Boston, or New York, or London."From 1898 to 1905, Eliot attended Smith Academy, where his studies included Latin, Ancient Greek and German. He began to write poetry when he was fourteen under the influence of Edward Fitzgerald's Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam, a translation of the poetry of Omar Khayyam, he said the results were gloomy and despairing and he destroyed them. His first published poem, "A Fable For Feasters", was written as a school exercise and was published in the Smith Academy Record in February 1905.
Published there in April 1905 was his oldest surviving poem in manuscript, an untitled lyric revised and reprinted as "Song" in The Harvard Advocate, Harvard University's student magazine. He published three short stories in 1905, "Birds of Prey", "A Tale of a Whale" and "The Man Who Was King"; the last mentioned story reflects his exploration of the Igorot Village while visiting the 1904 World's Fair of St. Louis; such a link with primitive people antedates his anthropological studies at Harvard. Eliot lived in St. Louis, Missouri for the first sixteen years of his life at the house on Locust St. where he was born. After going away to school in 1905, he only returned to St. Louis for visits. Despite moving away from the city, Eliot wrote to a friend that the "Missouri and the Mississippi have made a deeper impression on me than any other part of the world."Following graduation, Eliot attended Milton Academy in Massachusetts for a preparatory year, where he met Scofield Thayer who published The Waste Land.
He studied philosophy at Harvard College from 1906 to 1909, earning his bachelor's degree after three years, instead of the usual four. While a student, Eliot was graduated with a pass degree, he recovered and persisted, attaining a B. A. in an elective program best described as comparative literature in three years, an M. A. in English literature in the fourth. Frank Kermode writes that the most important moment of Eliot's undergraduate career was in 1908 when he discovered Arthur Symons's The Symbolist Movement in Literature; this introduced him to Jules Laforgue, Arthur Rimbaud, Paul Verlaine. Without Verlaine, Eliot wrote, he might never have heard of Tristan Corbière and his book Les amours jaunes, a work that affected the course of Eliot's life; the Harvard Advocate published some of his poems and he became lifelong friends with Conrad Aiken, the American writer and critic. After working as a philosophy assistant at Harvard from 1909 to 1910, Eliot moved to Paris where, from 1910 to 1911, he studied philosophy at the Sorbonne.
He read poetry with Henri Alban-Fournier. From 1911 to 1914, he was back at Harvard studying Indian Sanskrit. Eliot was awarded a scholarship to Merton College, Oxford, in 1914, he first visited Marb
Farah Jane Mendlesohn is a British academic historian and writer on science fiction and fantasy literature, an active science fiction fan. Mendlesohn was born in Manchester, she joined Staffordshire University in November 2016 as Prof & Assistant Dean, Policing, Forensics & Sociology. She was employed as Professor and Head of Department in the Department of English, Communication and Media at Anglia Ruskin University. Prior to that she was Reader in Science Fiction and Fantasy Literature in the Media Department at Middlesex University, she writes on the history of American religions and British and American science fiction and fantasy. She received her D. Phil. In History from the University of York in 1997, she was the editor of Foundation - The International Review of Science Fiction from 2002 to 2007. She used to be reviews editor of Quaker Studies. In 2005 she won the Hugo Award for Best Related Work for The Cambridge Companion to Science Fiction, which she edited with historian Edward James.
James and Mendlesohn edited The Cambridge Companion to Fantasy Literature, released in 2012, wrote A Short History of Fantasy in 2009. Her book Rhetorics of Fantasy won the BSFA award for best non-fiction book in 2009. In 2010 she was nominated twice for the Best Related Book Hugo, for The Inter-Galactic Playground: A Critical Study of Children's and Teens' Science Fiction, for On Joanna Russ. In 2017, she was nominated for a World Fantasy Special Award—Professional for Children's Fantasy Literature: An Introduction, she is an active volunteer member of the administration for science fiction conventions. Among other events, she co-chaired the 2006 Eastercon, with Simon Bradshaw. In 2017, Mendlesohn announced that her forthcoming critical study of Robert Heinlein would be published by the crowdfunding publisher Unbound, that if the funding exceeded the target any surplus would be divided between America's Blood Centers and Con or Bust; as of October 2017 the pledges had exceeded the target by 18%.
The publication date is expected to be the 7th of March, 2019. As authorChildren's Fantasy Literature: An Introduction with Michael Levy A Short History of Fantasy with Edward James The Inter-galactic Playground: A Critical Study of Children's and Teens' Science Fiction. ISBN 9780786435036. Rhetorics of Fantasy Diana Wynne Jones: Children's Literature and the Fantastic Tradition Quaker Relief Work in the Spanish Civil War As editorThe Cambridge Companion to Fantasy Literature with Edward James On Joanna Russ Glorifying Terrorism, Manufacturing Contempt: An Anthology of Original Science Fiction Polder: A Festschrift For John Clute and Judith Clute The Cambridge Companion to Science Fiction with Edward James The True Knowledge of Ken MacLeod with Andrew Butler The Parliament of Dreams: Conferring on Babylon 5 with Edward James Official website Farah Mendlesohn at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database Farah Mendlesohn at Library of Congress Authorities, with 8 catalogue records
Samuel R. Delany
Samuel Ray Delany Jr. Chip Delany to his friends, is an American author and literary critic, his work includes fiction, memoir and essays on sexuality and society. His works include Babel-17, The Einstein Intersection, Nova and the Return to Nevèrÿon series. After winning four Nebula awards and two Hugo Awards over the course of his career, Delany was inducted by the Science Fiction and Fantasy Hall of Fame in 2002. From January 2001 until his retirement in May 2015, he was a professor of English and Creative Writing at Temple University in Philadelphia. In 2010 he won the third J. Lloyd Eaton Lifetime Achievement Award in Science Fiction from the academic Eaton Science Fiction Conference at UCR Libraries; the Science Fiction Writers of America named him its 30th SFWA Grand Master in 2013. Samuel Delany was born on April 1, 1942, raised in Harlem, his mother, Margaret Carey Boyd Delany, was a clerk in the New York Public Library system. His father, Samuel Ray Delany Sr. ran the Levy & Delany Funeral Home on 7th Avenue in Harlem, from 1938 until his death in 1960.
The civil rights pioneers Sadie and Bessie Delany were his aunts. He used their adventures as the basis for Elsie and Corry in "Atlantis: Model 1924", the opening novella in his semi-autobiographical collection Atlantis: Three Tales, his grandfather, Henry Beard Delany, was the first black Bishop of the Episcopal Church. The family lived in the top two floors of a three-story private house between five- and six-story Harlem apartment buildings. Delany envied children with nicknames and took one for himself on the first day of summer camp, at about the age of 12, by answering "Everybody calls me Chip" when asked his name. Decades Frederik Pohl called him "a person, never addressed by his friends as Sam, Samuel or any other variant of the name his parents gave him."Delany attended the Dalton School and, for two months out of each summer for five years, from 1951 through 1956, attended Camp Woodland in Phoenicia, New York, followed by the Bronx High School of Science, during which he was selected to attend Camp Rising Sun, the Louis August Jonas Foundation's international summer scholarship program.
Delany and poet Marilyn Hacker met on their first day together in high school in September 1956, were married five years in August 1961, due to her pregnancy. Their marriage endured for 14 years. Delany and Hacker permanently separated in 1975 and divorced in 1980. Delany has identified as gay since adolescence, though his complicated marriage with Hacker has led some authors to classify him as bisexual, he has publicly spoken about his support for NAMBLA, saying that he would have appreciated the organization's existence during his own adolescence. Upon the death of Delany's father from lung cancer in October, 1960 and his marriage in August 1961, he and Hacker settled in New York's East Village neighborhood at 629 East 5th Street. Hacker's intervention, helped Delany become a published science fiction author by the age of 20, though he finished writing that first novel while at 19, shortly after dropping out of the City College of New York after one semester, he published nine well-regarded science fiction novels between 1962 and 1968, as well as two prize-winning short stories.
In 1966, with Hacker remaining in New York, Delany took an extended trip to Europe, writing The Einstein Intersection while in France, Italy and Turkey. These locales found their way into several pieces of his work at that time, including the novel Nova and the short stories "Aye, Gomorrah" and "Dog in a Fisherman's Net". After returning, Delany played and lived communally for six months on the Lower East Side with the Heavenly Breakfast, a folk-rock band, one of whose members, Bert Lee, was a founding member of the Central Park Sheiks. Delany published his first eight novels with Ace Books from 1962 to 1967, culminating in Babel-17 and The Einstein Intersection, which were consecutively recognized as the year's best novel by the Science Fiction Writers of America. Calling him a genius and poet, Algis Budrys listed Delany with J. G. Ballard, Brian W. Aldiss, Roger Zelazny as "an earthshaking new kind" of writer, leaders of the New Wave. Delany's first short story was published by Pohl in the February 1967 issue of Worlds of Tomorrow, he placed three more in other magazines that year.
After four short stories and Nova were published to wide acclaim in 1968 alone, an extended interregnum in publication commenced until the release of Dhalgren, abated only by two short stories, two comic book scripts, an erotic novel, The Tides of Lust, reissued in 1994 under Delany's preferred title, Equinox. On New Year's Eve in 1968, Delany and Hacker moved to San Francisco, again to London in the interim, before Delany returned to New York in the summer of 1971 a
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti