The business cycle known as the economic cycle or trade cycle, is the downward and upward movement of gross domestic product around its long-term growth trend. The length of a business cycle is the period of time containing a single boom and contraction in sequence; these fluctuations involve shifts over time between periods of rapid economic growth and periods of relative stagnation or decline. Business cycles are measured by considering the growth rate of real gross domestic product. Despite the often-applied term cycles, these fluctuations in economic activity do not exhibit uniform or predictable periodicity; the common or popular usage boom-and-bust cycle refers to fluctuations in which the expansion is rapid and the contraction severe. The first systematic exposition of economic crises, in opposition to the existing theory of economic equilibrium, was the 1819 Nouveaux Principes d'économie politique by Jean Charles Léonard de Sismondi. Prior to that point classical economics had either denied the existence of business cycles, blamed them on external factors, notably war, or only studied the long term.
Sismondi found vindication in the Panic of 1825, the first unarguably international economic crisis, occurring in peacetime. Sismondi and his contemporary Robert Owen, who expressed similar but less systematic thoughts in 1817 Report to the Committee of the Association for the Relief of the Manufacturing Poor, both identified the cause of economic cycles as overproduction and underconsumption, caused in particular by wealth inequality, they advocated government intervention and socialism as the solution. This work did not generate interest among classical economists, though underconsumption theory developed as a heterodox branch in economics until being systematized in Keynesian economics in the 1930s. Sismondi's theory of periodic crises was developed into a theory of alternating cycles by Charles Dunoyer, similar theories, showing signs of influence by Sismondi, were developed by Johann Karl Rodbertus. Periodic crises in capitalism formed the basis of the theory of Karl Marx, who further claimed that these crises were increasing in severity and, on the basis of which, he predicted a communist revolution.
Though only passing references in Das Kapital refer to crises, they were extensively discussed in Marx's posthumously published books in Theories of Surplus Value. In Progress and Poverty, Henry George focused on land's role in crises – land speculation – and proposed a single tax on land as a solution. In 1860 French economist Clément Juglar first identified economic cycles 7 to 11 years long, although he cautiously did not claim any rigid regularity. Economist Joseph Schumpeter argued that a Juglar cycle has four stages: Expansion Crisis Recession Recovery Schumpeter's Juglar model associates recovery and prosperity with increases in productivity, consumer confidence, aggregate demand, prices. In the 20th century and others proposed a typology of business cycles according to their periodicity, so that a number of particular cycles were named after their discoverers or proposers: The Kitchin inventory cycle of 3 to 5 years The Juglar fixed-investment cycle of 7 to 11 years (often identified as "the" business cycle The Kuznets infrastructural investment cycle of 15 to 25 years (after Simon Kuznets – called "building cycle" The Kondratiev wave or long technological cycle of 45 to 60 years Some say interest in the different typologies of cycles has waned since the development of modern macroeconomics, which gives little support to the idea of regular periodic cycles.
Others realize. Since 1960, World GDP has increased by fifty-nine times, these multiples have not kept up with annual inflation over the same period. Social Contract collapses for nations when incomes are not kept in balance with cost-of-living over the timeline of the monetary system cycle - until hardships/populism/revolution are always seen in late capitalism; the Bible and Hammurabi's Code both explain economic remediations for cyclic sixty-year recurring great depressions, via fiftieth-year Jubilee debt and wealth resets. Thirty major debt forgiveness events are recorded in history including the debt forgiveness given to most european nations in the 1930s to 1954. There were great increases in productivity, industrial production and real per capita product throughout the period from 1870 to 1890 that included the Long Depression and two other recessions. There were significant increases in productivity in the years leading up to the Great Depression. Both the Long and Great Depressions were characterized by market saturation.
Over the period since the Industrial Revolution, technological progress has had a much larger effect on the economy than any fluctuations in credit or debt, the primary exception being the Great Depression, which caused a multi-year steep economic decline. The effect of technological progress can be seen by the purchasing power of an average hour's work, which has grown from $3 in 1900 to $22 in 1990, measured in 2010 dollars. There were similar increases in real wages during the 19th century. A table of innovations and long
The Bee Gees were a pop music group formed in 1958. Their lineup consisted of brothers Barry and Maurice Gibb; the trio were successful as a popular music act in the late 1960s and early 1970s, as prominent performers of the disco music era in the mid-to-late 1970s. The group sang recognisable three-part tight harmonies; the Bee Gees wrote all of their own hits, as well as writing and producing several major hits for other artists. Born on the Isle of Man to English parents, the Gibb brothers lived in Chorlton, England, until the late 1950s. There, in 1955, they formed the roll group the Rattlesnakes; the family moved to Redcliffe, in the Moreton Bay Region, Australia, to Cribb Island. After achieving their first chart success in Australia as the Bee Gees with "Spicks and Specks", they returned to the UK in January 1967, when producer Robert Stigwood began promoting them to a worldwide audience; the Bee Gees have sold more than 220 million records worldwide, making them one of the world's best-selling artists of all time.
They were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1997. The Bee Gees' Hall of Fame citation says, "Only Elvis Presley, the Beatles, Michael Jackson, Garth Brooks and Paul McCartney have outsold the Bee Gees."Following Maurice's death in January 2003, at the age of 53, Barry and Robin retired the group's name after 45 years of activity. In 2009, Robin announced that he and Barry had agreed the Bee Gees would perform again. Robin died in May 2012, aged 62, after a prolonged struggle with cancer and other health problems, leaving Barry as the only surviving member of the group. Born in the Isle of Man during the 1940s, the brothers Barry and Maurice Gibb moved to their father Hugh Gibb's hometown of Chorlton-cum-Hardy, England in 1955, they formed a skiffle/rock-and-roll group, the Rattlesnakes, which consisted of Barry on guitar and vocals and Maurice on vocals, friends Paul Frost on drums and Kenny Horrocks on tea-chest bass. In December 1957, the boys began to sing in harmony; the story is told that they were going to lip sync to a record in the local Gaumont cinema, but as they were running to the theatre, the fragile shellac 78-RPM record broke.
The brothers had to sing live and received such a positive response from the audience that they decided to pursue a singing career. In May 1958, the Rattlesnakes were disbanded when Frost and Horrocks left, so the Gibb brothers formed Wee Johnny Hayes and the Blue Cats, with Barry as Johnny Hayes. In August 1958, the Gibb family, including older sister Lesley and infant brother Andy, emigrated to Redcliffe, just north-east of Brisbane in Queensland, Australia; the young brothers began performing to raise pocket money. They were introduced to leading Brisbane radio DJ Bill Gates by speedway promoter and driver Bill Goode, who had hired the brothers to entertain the crowd at the Redcliffe Speedway in 1960; the crowd at the speedway would throw money onto the track for the boys, who performed during the interval of meetings, in a deal with Goode, any money they collected from the crowd they were allowed to keep. Gates renamed them the BGs after Goode's and Barry Gibb's initials; the name was not a reference to "Brothers Gibb," despite popular belief.
The family moved to a house at Cribb Island, demolished to allow the expansion of Brisbane Airport. While there, the brothers attended Northgate State School. By 1960, the Bee Gees were featured on television shows, including their performance of "Time Is Passing By." In the next few years they began working at resorts on the Queensland coast. For his songwriting, Barry sparked the interest of Australian star Col Joye, who helped them get a recording deal in 1963 with Festival Records subsidiary Leedon Records, under the name "Bee Gees"; the three released two or three singles a year, while Barry supplied additional songs to other Australian artists. In 1962, the Bee Gees were chosen as the supporting act for Chubby Checker's concert at Sydney Stadium. From 1963 to 1966, the Gibb family lived at Maroubra in Sydney. Just prior to his death, Robin Gibb recorded the song "Sydney," about the brothers' experience of living in that city, it was released on his posthumous album 50 St. Catherine's Drive.
The house was demolished in 2016. A minor hit in 1965, "Wine and Women," led to the group's first LP, The Bee Gees Sing and Play 14 Barry Gibb Songs. By 1966 Festival was, however, on the verge of dropping them from the Leedon roster because of their perceived lack of commercial success, it was at this time that they met the American-born songwriter and entrepreneur Nat Kipner, who had just been appointed A&R manager of a new independent label, Spin Records. Kipner took over as the group's manager and negotiated their transfer to Spin in exchange for granting Festival the Australian distribution rights to the group's recordings. Through Kipner the Bee Gees met engineer-producer, Ossie Byrne, who produced many of the earlier Spin recordings, most of which were cut at his own small, self-built St Clair Studio in the Sydney suburb of Hurstville. Byrne gave the Gibb brothers unlimited access to St Clair Studio over a pe
The bald eagle is a bird of prey found in North America. A sea eagle, it forms a species pair with the white-tailed eagle, its range includes most of Canada and Alaska, all of the contiguous United States, northern Mexico. It is found near large bodies of open water with an abundant food supply and old-growth trees for nesting; the bald eagle is an opportunistic feeder which subsists on fish, which it swoops down and snatches from the water with its talons. It builds the largest nest of any North American bird and the largest tree nests recorded for any animal species, up to 4 m deep, 2.5 m wide, 1 metric ton in weight. Sexual maturity is attained at the age of four to five years. Bald eagles are not bald; the adult is brown with a white head and tail. The sexes are identical in plumage; the beak is hooked. The plumage of the immature is brown; the bald eagle is both the national bird and national animal of the United States of America. The bald eagle appears on its seal. In the late 20th century it was on the brink of extirpation in the contiguous United States.
Populations have since recovered and the species was removed from the U. S. government's list of endangered species on July 12, 1995 and transferred to the list of threatened species. It was removed from the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife in the Lower 48 States on June 28, 2007; the plumage of an adult bald eagle is evenly dark brown with a white tail. The tail is moderately long and wedge-shaped. Males and females are identical in plumage coloration, but sexual dimorphism is evident in the species, in that females are 25% larger than males; the beak and irises are bright yellow. The legs are feather-free, the toes are short and powerful with large talons; the developed talon of the hind toe is used to pierce the vital areas of prey while it is held immobile by the front toes. The beak is hooked, with a yellow cere; the adult bald eagle is unmistakable in its native range. The related African fish eagle has a brown body, white head and tail, but differs from the bald in having a white chest and black tip to the bill.
The plumage of the immature is a dark brown overlaid with messy white streaking until the fifth year, when it reaches sexual maturity. Immature bald eagles are distinguishable from the golden eagle, the only other large, non-vulturine raptorial bird in North America, in that the former has a larger, more protruding head with a larger beak, straighter edged wings which are held flat and with a stiffer wing beat and feathers which do not cover the legs; when seen well, the golden eagle is distinctive in plumage with a more solid warm brown color than an immature bald eagle, with a reddish-golden patch to its nape and a contrasting set of white squares on the wing. Another distinguishing feature of the immature bald eagle over the mature bird is its black, yellow-tipped beak; the bald eagle has sometimes been considered the largest true raptor in North America. The only larger species of raptor-like bird is the California condor, a New World vulture which today is not considered a taxonomic ally of true accipitrids.
However, the golden eagle, averaging 4.18 kg and 63 cm in wing chord length in its American race, is 455 g lighter in mean body mass and exceeds the bald eagle in mean wing chord length by around 3 cm. Additionally, the bald eagle's close cousins, the longer-winged but shorter-tailed white-tailed eagle and the overall larger Steller's sea eagle, may wander to coastal Alaska from Asia; the bald eagle has a body length of 70–102 cm. Typical wingspan is between 1.8 and 2.3 m and mass is between 3 and 6.3 kg. Females are about 25% larger than males, averaging as much as 5.6 kg, against the males' average weight of 4.1 kg. The size of the bird varies by location and corresponds with Bergmann's rule, since the species increases in size further away from the Equator and the tropics. For example, eagles from South Carolina average 3.27 kg in mass and 1.88 m in wingspan, smaller than their northern counterparts. One field guide in Florida listed small sizes for bald eagles there, at about 4.13 kg. Of intermediate size, 117 migrant bald eagles in Glacier National Park were found to average 4.22 kg but this was juvenile eagles, with 6 adults here averaging 4.3 kg.
Wintering eagles in Arizona were found to average 4.74 kg. The largest eagles are from Alaska, where large females may weigh more than 7 kg and span 2.44 m across the wings. A survey of adult weights in Alaska showed that females there weighed on average 5.35 kg and males weighed 4.23 kg against immatures which averaged 5.09 kg and 4.05 kg in the two sexes. An Alaskan adult female eagle, considered outsized we
A Prairie Home Companion
A Prairie Home Companion is a weekly radio variety show created and hosted by Garrison Keillor that aired live from 1974 to 2016. In 2016, musician Chris Thile took over as host, the successor show was renamed Live from Here. A Prairie Home Companion aired on Saturdays from the Fitzgerald Theater in Minnesota. S. cities. The show is known for its musical guests folk and traditional musicians, tongue-in-cheek radio drama, relaxed humor. Keillor's wry storytelling segment, "News from Lake Wobegon," was the show's best-known feature during his long tenure. Distributed by Minnesota Public Radio's distribution arm, American Public Media, A Prairie Home Companion was heard on 690 public radio stations in the United States at its peak in spring 2015 and reached an audience of four million U. S. listeners each week. The show borrowed its name from a radio program in existence in 1969, named after the Prairie Home Cemetery near Concordia College, in Moorhead, Minnesota, it inspired a 2006 film of the same name, written by Keillor, directed by Robert Altman, featuring Keillor, Kevin Kline, Lily Tomlin, Meryl Streep, Lindsay Lohan.
The Saturday-evening show was a partial spin-off of A Prairie Home Morning Show with Keillor and Tom Keith, which ran from 6 to 9 a.m. on Minnesota Public Radio and was continued by Keith and Dale Connelly for many years as The Morning Show. After researching the Grand Ole Opry for an article, Keillor became interested in doing a variety show on the radio. On July 6, 1974, the first live broadcast of A Prairie Home Companion took place; that show was broadcast from St. Paul in the Janet Wallace Auditorium of Macalester College. Twelve audience members turned out children; the second episode featured the first performance on the show by Butch Thompson, who became house pianist. Thompson stayed with the program until 1986 and still performs on the show. In 1978, the show moved into the World Theater in St. Paul, which Minnesota Public Radio purchased and renovated in 1986 and renamed the Fitzgerald Theater in 1994; this is the same venue. The show went off the air in 1987, with a "final performance" on June 13, Keillor married and spent some time abroad during the following two years.
For a brief time, the show was replaced—both on the air and in the World Theater—by Good Evening, hosted by Noah Adams, a live variety show designed by ex-Prairie Home and All Things Considered staffers to retain the audience Keillor had cultivated over the years. However, many stations opted instead to continue APHC repeats in its traditional Saturday time slot. In 1989, Keillor returned to radio with The American Radio Company of the Air, broadcast from the Brooklyn Academy of Music; the new program featured a broadly similar format to A Prairie Home Companion, with sketches and musical guests reflecting a more New York sensibility, rather than the country and folk music predominant in APHC. While Keillor sang and delivered a regular monologue on American Radio Company, Lake Wobegon was downplayed, as he felt it was "cruel" to talk to a Brooklyn audience about life in a small town. During this period, Keillor revived the full APHC format only for "annual farewell performances." In the fall of 1992, Keillor returned to the World Theater with ARC for the majority of the season, with Lake Wobegon and other APHC elements but unmistakably returning to prominence.
The following year, on October 2, 1993, the program reverted to the A Prairie Home Companion name and format. While many of the episodes originated from St. Paul, the show traveled to other cities around the U. S. and overseas for its live weekly broadcasts. Common road venues included The Town Hall in New York City, it broadcast a show each year from the Minnesota State Fair. The show was distributed nationally by Minnesota Public Radio in association with Public Radio International, its distributor was Minnesota Public Radio's distribution unit, American Public Media. Singer Sara Watkins of San Diego, California hosted the January 2011, broadcast; the format was the same, but Keillor appeared only as a guest actor and to deliver the News from Lake Wobegon. He claimed, it was reported that this could be the beginning of a trend toward Keillor's eventual retirement, on March 16, 2011, Keillor stated in an interview with the AARP that he would most retire from the show by the time he turned 70 in August 2012.
On January 29, 2011, Erica Rhodes expressed frustration over not being picked to guest host. In September 2011, Keillor told The Tuscaloosa News that his last broadcast would be recorded in "early July 2013", that instead of a permanent replacement host, there will be "a whole group of people. A rotation of hosts", but in December 2011 Keillor said he had changed his mind and reconsidered his plans to retire because he still enjoyed hosting the show. On February 7 and 14, 2015, mandolinist Chris Thile hosted the show; as when Watkins hosted, the format remained unchanged, but Keillor did not make an appearance. Instead, storyteller Tristan Jimerson appeared on the February 7 show and comedienne/storyteller Elna Baker on the February 14 show. Thile's band Punch Brothers performed on the February 7 show. Thile was named permanent host of the show in late June 2015. Keil
World War II
World War II known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries; the major participants threw their entire economic and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China, it included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, the only use of nuclear weapons in war. Japan, which aimed to dominate Asia and the Pacific, was at war with China by 1937, though neither side had declared war on the other. World War II is said to have begun on 1 September 1939, with the invasion of Poland by Germany and subsequent declarations of war on Germany by France and the United Kingdom.
From late 1939 to early 1941, in a series of campaigns and treaties, Germany conquered or controlled much of continental Europe, formed the Axis alliance with Italy and Japan. Under the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact of August 1939, Germany and the Soviet Union partitioned and annexed territories of their European neighbours, Finland and the Baltic states. Following the onset of campaigns in North Africa and East Africa, the fall of France in mid 1940, the war continued between the European Axis powers and the British Empire. War in the Balkans, the aerial Battle of Britain, the Blitz, the long Battle of the Atlantic followed. On 22 June 1941, the European Axis powers launched an invasion of the Soviet Union, opening the largest land theatre of war in history; this Eastern Front trapped most crucially the German Wehrmacht, into a war of attrition. In December 1941, Japan launched a surprise attack on the United States as well as European colonies in the Pacific. Following an immediate U. S. declaration of war against Japan, supported by one from Great Britain, the European Axis powers declared war on the U.
S. in solidarity with their Japanese ally. Rapid Japanese conquests over much of the Western Pacific ensued, perceived by many in Asia as liberation from Western dominance and resulting in the support of several armies from defeated territories; the Axis advance in the Pacific halted in 1942. Key setbacks in 1943, which included a series of German defeats on the Eastern Front, the Allied invasions of Sicily and Italy, Allied victories in the Pacific, cost the Axis its initiative and forced it into strategic retreat on all fronts. In 1944, the Western Allies invaded German-occupied France, while the Soviet Union regained its territorial losses and turned toward Germany and its allies. During 1944 and 1945 the Japanese suffered major reverses in mainland Asia in Central China, South China and Burma, while the Allies crippled the Japanese Navy and captured key Western Pacific islands; the war in Europe concluded with an invasion of Germany by the Western Allies and the Soviet Union, culminating in the capture of Berlin by Soviet troops, the suicide of Adolf Hitler and the German unconditional surrender on 8 May 1945.
Following the Potsdam Declaration by the Allies on 26 July 1945 and the refusal of Japan to surrender under its terms, the United States dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on 6 and 9 August respectively. With an invasion of the Japanese archipelago imminent, the possibility of additional atomic bombings, the Soviet entry into the war against Japan and its invasion of Manchuria, Japan announced its intention to surrender on 15 August 1945, cementing total victory in Asia for the Allies. Tribunals were set up by fiat by the Allies and war crimes trials were conducted in the wake of the war both against the Germans and the Japanese. World War II changed the political social structure of the globe; the United Nations was established to foster international co-operation and prevent future conflicts. The Soviet Union and United States emerged as rival superpowers, setting the stage for the nearly half-century long Cold War. In the wake of European devastation, the influence of its great powers waned, triggering the decolonisation of Africa and Asia.
Most countries whose industries had been damaged moved towards economic expansion. Political integration in Europe, emerged as an effort to end pre-war enmities and create a common identity; the start of the war in Europe is held to be 1 September 1939, beginning with the German invasion of Poland. The dates for the beginning of war in the Pacific include the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War on 7 July 1937, or the Japanese invasion of Manchuria on 19 September 1931. Others follow the British historian A. J. P. Taylor, who held that the Sino-Japanese War and war in Europe and its colonies occurred and the two wars merged in 1941; this article uses the conventional dating. Other starting dates sometimes used for World War II include the Italian invasion of Abyssinia on 3 October 1935; the British historian Antony Beevor views the beginning of World War II as the Battles of Khalkhin Gol fought between Japan and the fo
University of Alaska Anchorage
The University of Alaska Anchorage is a public research university located in Anchorage, Alaska. UAA administers four community campuses spread across Southcentral Alaska; these include Kenai Peninsula College, Kodiak College, Matanuska–Susitna College, Prince William Sound College. Between the community campuses and the main Anchorage campus, over 20,000 undergraduate and professional students are enrolled at UAA; this makes it the largest institution of higher learning in the University of Alaska System, as well as the state. UAA's main campus is located 4 miles southeast of its downtown area in the University-Medical District, adjacent to the Alaska Native Medical Center, Alaska Pacific University and Providence Alaska Medical Center. Nestled among an extensive green belt, close to Goose Lake Park, UAA has been recognized each of the past three years as a Tree Campus USA by the Arbor Day Foundation. Much of the campus is connected by a network of paved, outdoor trails, as well as an elevated, indoor "spine" that extends east to west from Rasmuson Hall, continuing through the student union and across UAA Drive before terminating inside the Consortium Library.
UAA is divided into six teaching units at the Anchorage campus: the College of Arts and Sciences, College of Business and Public Policy, the Community and Technical College, College of Education, College of Engineering and the College of Health. UAA offers master's degrees and graduate certificates in select programs, the ability to complete certain PhD programs through cooperating universities through its Graduate Division; as of May 2012, the university is accredited to confer doctoral degrees. UAA is accredited by the Northwest Commission on Universities. In 2019, UAA's School of Education lost its accreditation from the Council for the Accreditation of Educator Preparation. In 1954, the Anchorage Community College was founded and began offering evening classes to 414 students at Elmendorf Air Force Base. In 1962, the ACC, other community colleges around the state were incorporated into the University of Alaska statewide system. Five years ACC began offering both day and evening classes at the current campus location.
ACC provided academic study for associate degrees and the first two years of work toward baccalaureate degrees. In the late 1960s, strong interest in establishing a four-year university in Anchorage brought about the birth of the University of Alaska, Anchorage Senior College. While ACC administered the lower division college, ASC administered upper division and graduate programs leading to baccalaureate and master's degrees, as well as continuing education for professional programs. In 1971, the first commencement was held at West Anchorage High School, where 265 master's, baccalaureate and associate degrees were awarded. ASC moved to the Consortium Library Building in 1973; the following year, when the first classroom and office facility was completed, daytime courses were offered for the first time. In 1977, ASC was renamed the University of Alaska, Anchorage. Ten years ACC and UA,A merged to become what is now known as the University of Alaska Anchorage. Since 1987, the university has continued to expand.
More than 200 programs, ranging from certificate programs to associate, master's, doctoral degrees are offered at campuses in Anchorage and community campuses and extension centers throughout Southcentral Alaska. The university's mission is to discover and disseminate knowledge through teaching, research and creative expression; the University of Alaska Anchorage is an open-access university with 17,000 students. In addition to thousands of students from across the state, the university retains a large commuter population from in and around Anchorage, many of whom are non-traditional or returning students. Nearly ten percent of the student population is from outside of the United States. UAA has the largest population of student veterans in the state; the University of Alaska Anchorage partners with the University of Washington School of Law and Willamette University College of Law in Salem, Oregon to provide qualified students with the opportunity to earn a baccalaureate degree and law degree on an accelerated schedule in six years rather than the usual seven.
These are referred to as 3+3 programs or an Accelerated JD Program because students spend three years as undergraduates and three years in law school. UAA offers Associate of Applied Science and Bachelor of Science degrees in: Air Traffic Control Aviation Administration Professional PilotingAn associate of applied science degree is offered in: Aviation MaintenanceThe University of Alaska Aviation Technology division is part of Center of Excellence for General Aviation, a collaborative research effort between the following member universities: Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Florida A&M University University of North Dakota Wichita State University College of Arts and Sciences College of Business and Public Policy College of Education College of Health and Social Welfare Community and Technical College School of Engineering School of Nursing School of Social Work University Honors Program Graduate Division UAA/APU Consortium Library Alvin S. Okeson Library Carolyn Floyd Library Alaska Advantage Education Grant GEAR UP University of Alaska Grant As a center of research and understanding, UAA sponsors research, public service and other activities related to northern populations and in support of local and regional
Goose Lake (Anchorage)
Goose Lake is a small lake in Anchorage in the U. S. state of Alaska, located near the University of Alaska Anchorage, 1.2 miles south-east of confluence of North and South Forks Chester Creek, 2.8 miles south-east of Anchorage, Cook Inlet Low. It is a popular swimming location in summer, with one of two municipal beaches, is connected to the city's extensive trail system, it is a kettle lake. Zula Swanson was a woman of color who relocated to Anchorage from the lower 48, she was known to have some property on the banks of Goose Lake. She became one of the wealthiest women in Anchorage during her life. List of lakes of Alaska "Goose Lake". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2009-05-04