Manhattan referred to locally as the City, is the most densely populated of the five boroughs of New York City and its economic and administrative center, cultural identifier, historical birthplace. The borough is coextensive with New York County, one of the original counties of the U. S. state of New York. The borough consists of Manhattan Island, bounded by the Hudson and Harlem rivers. S. mainland, physically connected to the Bronx and separated from the rest of Manhattan by the Harlem River. Manhattan Island is divided into three informally bounded components, each aligned with the borough's long axis: Lower and Upper Manhattan. Manhattan has been described as the cultural, financial and entertainment capital of the world, the borough hosts the United Nations Headquarters. Anchored by Wall Street in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York City has been called both the most economically powerful city and the leading financial center of the world, Manhattan is home to the world's two largest stock exchanges by total market capitalization: the New York Stock Exchange and NASDAQ.
Many multinational media conglomerates are based in Manhattan, the borough has been the setting for numerous books and television shows. Manhattan real estate has since become among the most expensive in the world, with the value of Manhattan Island, including real estate, estimated to exceed US$3 trillion in 2013. Manhattan traces its origins to a trading post founded by colonists from the Dutch Republic in 1624 on Lower Manhattan. Manhattan is documented to have been purchased by Dutch colonists from Native Americans in 1626 for 60 guilders, which equals $1038 in current terms; the territory and its surroundings came under English control in 1664 and were renamed New York after King Charles II of England granted the lands to his brother, the Duke of York. New York, based in present-day Manhattan, served as the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790; the Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to the Americas by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and is a world symbol of the United States and its ideals of liberty and peace.
Manhattan became a borough during the consolidation of New York City in 1898. New York County is the United States' second-smallest county by land area, is the most densely populated U. S. county. It is one of the most densely populated areas in the world, with a census-estimated 2017 population of 1,664,727 living in a land area of 22.83 square miles, or 72,918 residents per square mile, higher than the density of any individual U. S. city. On business days, the influx of commuters increases this number to over 3.9 million, or more than 170,000 people per square mile. Manhattan has the third-largest population of New York City's five boroughs, after Brooklyn and Queens, is the smallest borough in terms of land area. Manhattan Island is informally divided into three areas, each aligned with its long axis: Lower and Upper Manhattan. Many districts and landmarks in Manhattan are well known, as New York City received a record 62.8 million tourists in 2017, Manhattan hosts three of the world's 10 most-visited tourist attractions in 2013: Times Square, Central Park, Grand Central Terminal.
The borough hosts many prominent bridges, such as the Brooklyn Bridge. Chinatown incorporates the highest concentration of Chinese people in the Western Hemisphere, the Stonewall Inn in Greenwich Village, part of the Stonewall National Monument, is considered the birthplace of the modern gay rights movement; the City of New York was founded at the southern tip of Manhattan, the borough houses New York City Hall, the seat of the city's government. Numerous colleges and universities are located in Manhattan, including Columbia University, New York University, Cornell Tech, Weill Cornell Medical College, Rockefeller University, which have been ranked among the top 40 in the world; the name Manhattan derives from the Munsee dialect of the Lenape language'manaháhtaan'. The Lenape word has been translated as "the place where we get bows" or "place for gathering the bows". According to a Munsee tradition recorded in the 19th century, the island was named so for a grove of hickory trees at the lower end, considered ideal for the making of bows.
It was first recorded in writing as Manna-hata, in the 1609 logbook of Robert Juet, an officer on Henry Hudson's yacht Halve Maen. A 1610 map depicts the name as Manna-hata, twice, on both the west and east sides of the Mauritius River. Alternative folk etymologies include "island of many hills", "the island where we all became intoxicated" and "island", as well as a phrase descriptive of the whirlpool at Hell Gate; the area, now Manhattan was long inhabited by the Lenape Native Americans. In 1524, Florentine explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano – sailing in service of King Francis I of France – became the first documented European to visit the area that would become New York City, he entered the tidal strait now known as The Narrows and named the land around Upper New York
C (New York City Subway service)
The C Eighth Avenue Local is a 19-mile-long rapid transit service in the B Division of the New York City Subway. Its route emblem, or "bullet", is blue; the C operates at all times except late nights between 168th Street in Washington Heights and Euclid Avenue in East New York, making local stops along its entire route. During late night hours, the A train, which runs express along the entire C route during daytime hours, makes all stops. Most C service ran only during rush hours, along the IND Concourse Line to Bedford Park Boulevard in the Bronx and along the IND Rockaway Line to Rockaway Park–Beach 116th Street in Queens; the C was at one point the only route to serve the Bronx, Manhattan and Queens all in a single trip. Outside of rush hour, local service in Manhattan was provided by the AA renamed K, which ran between 168th Street and Chambers Street/World Trade Center. In 1988, the K and C were consolidated into one service, during the 1990s, the C's routing was altered to create the current uniform service pattern.
Today, the C has a daily ridership of 250,000. The AA and CC services were the predecessors to the current C service. A and AA service began on September 10, 1932 with the opening of the first line of the Independent Subway System, the Eighth Avenue Line; the IND used single letters to refer to double letters for local services. The A ran express and the AA ran local from 168th Street to Chambers Street/World Trade Center, known at the time as Hudson Terminal; the AA ran at all times, it was extended to 207th Street during nights and on Sundays when the A did not run. On February 1, 1933, the AA was extended to the newly-opened Jay Street–Borough Hall station when the A did not run, continuing to terminate at Chambers Street when the A did run; the C and CC services began operation on July 1933 when the IND Concourse Line opened. The CC provided local service between Bedford Park Boulevard and Hudson Terminal during rush hours, was extended to 205th Street during non-rush hours, it replaced the AA as Eighth Avenue Local.
The C ran express, from 205th Street to Bergen Street in Brooklyn during rush hours. Beginning August 19, 1933, C service was cut back from Bergen Street, but started operating during non-rush hours. At the same time, CC service was cut back from 205th Street during non-rush hours. On January 1, 1936, C service was extended to Jay Street–Borough Hall. On April 9, 1936, C service was extended to Hoyt–Schermerhorn Streets. After July 1, 1937, a few C trains continued to run to Bergen Street southbound in the AM rush hour and northbound in the PM rush hour. On the same date, weekend C service was discontinued, CC service was extended to 205th Street to compensate. On December 15, 1940, the IND Sixth Avenue Line opened. Two new services, the BB and D, began running; these lines ran on the Eighth Avenue Line in upper Manhattan, switching to the Sixth Avenue Line in Midtown. The BB ran local to 168th Street during rush hours; the D joined the C as the peak direction Concourse Express. CC trains now ran between Hudson Terminal and Bedford Park during rush hours and on Saturdays and during other times, the D made local stops in the Bronx, replacing CC service.
On the same date, limited morning rush hour service began between 205th Street and Utica Avenue, making local stops on the IND Fulton Street Line. AA service was reinstated during this time, but only during off-peak hours when the BB and CC did not operate; the CC would provide Eighth Avenue Line local service during rush hours, with the AA replacing it during off-peak hours unchanged until 1988. Beginning October 10, 1944, C trains no longer ran on Saturdays. On October 24, 1949, C express. Additional D service was added to offset this loss; the CC, which only ran during rush hours, began terminating at Broadway–Lafayette Street Mondays to Fridays, on Saturdays CC service continued to operate to Hudson Terminal. On December 29, 1951, Saturday CC service was discontinued. Weekday CC service returned to its previous terminal at Hudson Terminal on October 30, 1954. On August 30, 1976, the CC train replaced the E train as the rush-hour local along the IND Fulton Street Line and IND Rockaway Line, running from Rockaway Park–Beach 116th Street in Queens through Brooklyn and Manhattan to Bedford Park Boulevard in the Bronx, making it the only service to run through all four boroughs served by the subway.
The Rockaway Park Shuttle HH was renamed CC. This shuttle ran between Broad Channel and Rockaway Park except late nights. With this, all daytime service to/from Rockaway Park was named CC. Late nights, the shuttle ran between Euclid Avenue, Rockaway Park and Far Rockaway-Mott Avenue via Hammels Wye, was labeled A. On August 28, 1977, late night AA service was eliminated. On May 6, 1985, the IND practice of using double letters to indicate local service was discontinued; the AA was renamed the K and rush hour CC service was renamed C. The off-peak Rockaway Park Shuttle is renamed H; this change was not reflected in schedules until May 24, 1987. On December 10, 1988, the K designation was discontinued and merged into the C, which now ran at all times except late nights; the C ran from Bedford Park Boulevard to Rockaway Park during rush hours, 145th Street to Euclid Avenue during middays, from 145th Street to World Trade Center during evenings and weekends. The A now ran express in Brooklyn during middays, the B was extended to 168th Street during middays and early evenings.
On October 23, 1992, rush hour C service was cut back from Rockaway
4th Street (Manhattan)
4th Street is a street in Lower Manhattan, New York City. It starts at Avenue D as East 4th Street and continues to Broadway, where it becomes West 4th Street, it continues west until the Avenue of the Americas, where West 4th Street turns north and confusingly intersects with West 10th, 11th, 12th, 13th Streets in Greenwich Village. Most of the street has the same 40-foot width between curbstones as others in the prevailing street grid, striped as two curbside lanes and one traffic lane, with one-way traffic eastbound; the portion from Seventh to Eighth Avenues is westbound and is 35 feet wide, a legacy of the original Greenwich Village street grid. The section of four short blocks from MacDougal Street to University Place which forms the southern border of Washington Square Park is called Washington Square South; the north/south portion was called Asylum Street, after the Orphan Asylum Society, which stood on Asylum Street between Bank Street and Troy Street. The asylum was demolished in 1833 and the street was renamed West 4th Street.
The cross streets were renamed West 10th, 11th, 12th Streets, causing the current confusion. Located near Washington Square Park's south-west corner, between MacDougal Street and Sixth Avenue, The Washington Square Methodist Church is an early Romanesque Revival marble edifice designed by Gamaliel King and built in 1859–60. Dubbed the "Peace Church" for its support of Vietnam War protesters, Washington Square Church long provided a neighborhood base for activist groups such as the Black Panthers and Gay Men's Health Crisis; the church was sold in 2005 to a developer for conversion into residential units. During construction, parts of the church were salvaged to form the furniture and interior architecture of Urban Spring, a cafe in Fort Greene, Brooklyn. Judson Memorial Church, located at the corner of Thompson Street and Washington Square South, was designed by architect Stanford White and stained glass master John La Farge; the West Fourth Street subway station at Sixth Avenue is one of the major transfer points in the IND portion of the New York City Subway.
The street is home to the basketball and handball West Fourth Street Courts, known as "The Cage", a hangout for some of New York's best basketball players and the site of a citywide streetball tournament. West 4th Street has always been a center of the Village's bohemian lifestyle; the Village's first tearoom, The Mad Hatter, was located at 150 West 4th Street and served as a meeting place for intellectuals and artists. The infamous Golden Swan bar, at the corner of Sixth Avenue, was a famous haunt of Eugene O'Neill and the setting and inspiration for his play The Iceman Cometh. Writer Willa Cather's first New York residence was at 60 Washington Square South and radical journalists John Reed and Lincoln Steffens lived nearby at 42 Washington Square South. Reed worked in a room in the Studio Club building to complete the series of articles that became his account of the Bolshevik Revolution, Ten Days That Shook the World the source for the film Reds. Sculptor and art patron Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney established the Whitney Studio Club in a brownstone at 147 West 4th Street in 1918 as a place for young artists to gather and show their work.
The facility operated for ten years and was the second incarnation of what would become the Whitney Museum of American Art. It started the careers of such artists as Ashcan School painter John Sloan, Edward Hopper, whose first one-man exhibit was held there in 1920, social realists Reginald Marsh and Isabel Bishop. Sloan lived at 240 West 4th St and painted locations on the street including the Golden Swan; the street was home to the famous folk club Gerde's Folk City, which hosted the New York debuts of Bob Dylan in 1961 and Simon & Garfunkel. Dylan lived from early-1962 until late-1964 in a small $60-per-month studio apartment at 161 West 4th Street. Music venue The Bottom Line was at 15th West 4th Street from 1974 to 2004. Media related to 4th Street at Wikimedia Commons "New York Songlines: 4th Street" NY Parks department history of the Golden Swan and other West 4th Street sites Gerde's Folk City photo and info
Robert Moses was an American public official who worked in the New York metropolitan area. Known as the "master builder" of mid-20th century New York City, Long Island, Rockland County, Westchester County, he is sometimes compared to Baron Haussmann of Second Empire Paris, was one of the most polarizing figures in the history of urban development in the United States, his decisions favoring highways over public transit helped create the modern suburbs of Long Island and influenced a generation of engineers and urban planners who spread his philosophies across the nation despite his not having trained in those professions. Moses would call himself a "coordinator" and was referred to in the media as a "master builder". Robert Moses at one point held twelve titles, but was never elected to any public office, he created and led numerous public authorities that gave him autonomy from the general public and elected officials. Through these authorities, he controlled millions of dollars in income from his projects, such as tolls, he could issue bonds to borrow vast sums for new ventures with little or no input from legislative bodies.
This removed him from the power of the purse as it functioned in the United States, from the process of public comment on major public works. As a result of Moses' work, New York has the United States' greatest proportion of public benefit corporations, which are the prime mode of infrastructure building and maintenance in New York and account for most of the state's debt. Moses' projects were considered by many to be necessary for the region's development after the Great Depression. During the height of his powers, New York City built campuses to host two World's Fairs: one in 1939 and the other in 1964. Moses helped persuade the United Nations to locate its headquarters in Manhattan, instead of Philadelphia, by helping the state secure the money and land needed for the project. Moses' reputation was lastingly damaged by Robert Caro's Pulitzer-winning biography The Power Broker, which highlighted Moses's lust for power and racist tendencies, but the recognition of the lasting impact and audacity of his achievements has, in more recent years, led to another reappraisal of his legacy.
Moses was born in New Haven, Connecticut, to assimilated German Jewish parents and Emanuel Moses. He spent the first nine years of his life living at 83 Dwight Street in New Haven, two blocks from Yale University. In 1897, the Moses family moved to New York City, where they lived on East 46th Street off Fifth Avenue. Moses's father was a successful department store owner and real estate speculator in New Haven. In order for the family to move to New York City, he sold his real estate holdings and store and retired from business for the rest of his life. Moses's mother was active in the settlement movement, with her own love of building. Robert Moses and his brother Paul attended several schools for their elementary and secondary education, including the Dwight School and the Mohegan Lake School, a military academy near Peekskill. After graduating from Yale University and Wadham College and earning a Ph. D. in political science from Columbia University, Moses became attracted to New York City reform politics.
A committed idealist, he developed several plans to rid New York of patronage hiring practices, including being the lead author of a 1919 proposal to reorganize the New York state government. None went far, but Moses, due to his intelligence, caught the notice of Belle Moskowitz, a friend and trusted advisor to Governor Al Smith; when the state Secretary of State's position became appointive rather than elective, Smith named Moses. Moses rose to power with Smith, elected as governor in 1922, set in motion a sweeping consolidation of the New York State government. During that period Moses began his first foray into large scale public work initiatives, while drawing on Smith's political power to enact legislation; this helped create the State Council of Parks. This centralization allowed Smith to run a government used as a model for Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal federal government. Moses received numerous commissions that he carried out extraordinarily well, such as the development of Jones Beach State Park.
Displaying a strong command of law as well as matters of engineering, Moses became known for his skill in drafting legislation, was called "the best bill drafter in Albany". At a time when the public was accustomed to Tammany Hall corruption and incompetence, Moses was seen as a savior of government. Shortly after President Franklin D. Roosevelt's inauguration in 1933, the federal government found itself with millions of New Deal dollars to spend, yet states and cities had few projects ready. Moses was one of the few local officials. For that reason, New York City was able to obtain significant Works Progress Administration, Civilian Conservation Corps, other Depression-era funding. Moses was a great political talent who demonstrated great skill when constructing his roads, playground and house projects. One of his most influential and longest-lasting positions was that of Parks Commissioner of New York City, a role he served from January 18, 1934 to May 23, 1960; the many offices and professional titles that Moses held gave him unusually broad power to shape urban development in the New York metropolitan region.
Church Street (Manhattan)
Church Street is a short, but travelled, north-south street in Lower Manhattan in New York City. Its southern end is at Trinity Place, of which it is a continuation, its northern end is at Canal Street. Trinity Place begins at Battery Place and runs uptown, passing west of Trinity Church, the Trinity and United States Realty Buildings and Zuccotti Park, it forms the southern part of the eastern boundary of the World Trade Center site before becoming Church Street, which continues as the eastern boundary. A few blocks before Canal Street, Church Street connects to the southern end of Avenue of the Americas, with a roadway branching off Church Street; when not obstructed by construction on the World Trade Center site, Trinity Place, Church Street, Avenue of the Americas form a continuous northbound four-lane through-route from Lower Manhattan to Central Park. Church Street is named after Trinity Church, a historic Gothic-style parish church on Broadway at Wall Street, Extended in 1784, Church Street was in existence as early as 1761.
Part of the street was owned by the church, but was given to the city in 1804. Trinity Place is a namesake of the church, being named so in 1834, prior to which it was known at various times as "Lumber Street" and "Lombard Street". Prior to 1869, the south end of the street was at Fulton Street, three blocks north of Trinity Place; the work, plagued by delays and corruption, was completed by the end of 1872. The Church Street Station post office at 90 Church Street serves the 10048 ZIP code as well as the surrounding area, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, as is the Canal Street Station post office at the north end of Church Street. Other notable buildings include the rear of the 1765 St. Paul's Chapel, the residential tower at 99 Church Street, St. Peter's Church. Near Rector Street, Trinity Place passes under the Trinity Place bridge. Completed in 1989, the bridge is a private elevated walkway connecting the rear side of Trinity Church to its parish house across Trinity Place.
The IND Eighth Avenue Line in the New York City Subway runs below Church Street from Liberty Street to Sixth Avenue. A portion of the BMT Broadway Line runs under Church Street south of Vesey Street; the Cortlandt Street station, damaged in the September 11 attacks, is adjacent to the former site of the Twin Towers. Notes Media related to Church Street at Wikimedia Commons
Washington Square Park
Washington Square Park is a 9.75-acre public park in the Greenwich Village neighborhood of Lower Manhattan, New York City. One of the best known of New York City's 1,900 public parks, it is a landmark as well as a meeting place and center for cultural activity, it is operated by the New York City Department of Recreation. The park is an open space, dominated by the Washington Square Arch at the northern gateway to the park, with a tradition of celebrating nonconformity; the park's fountain area has long been one of the city's popular spots for tourists. Most of the buildings surrounding the park now belong to New York University, but many have at one time served as homes and studios for artists; some of the buildings have been built by NYU while others have been converted from their former uses into academic and residential buildings. Located at the foot of Fifth Avenue, the park is bordered by Washington Square North, Washington Square East, Washington Square South, Washington Square West. While the park contains many flower beds and trees, little of the park is used for plantings due to the paving.
The two prominent features are a large fountain. It includes children's play areas and gardens, paths to stroll on, a chess and scrabble playing area, park benches, picnic tables, commemorative statuary and two dog runs; those commemorated by statues and monuments include George Washington. The New York City Police Department operates security cameras in the park; the New York University Department of Public Safety keeps a watch on the park, the city parks department has security officers who sometimes patrol the park. The area has a low crime rate in the "safest big city in the United States." The land was once divided by a narrow marshy valley. In the early 17th century, a Native American village known as Sapokanican or "Tobacco Field" was nearby. By the mid-17th century, the land on each side of the Minetta was used as farm land by the Dutch; the Dutch gave the land outside the city limits to Angolan residents of the colony, intending for their plots and settlement to serve as a buffer zone to hostile Native Americans outside the settlement.
In 1643, a group of “half-freed” slaves and elders such as Domingo Anthony, Manuel Trumpeter and Catalina Anthony, received land grants to build and maintain farms in the areas containing and surrounding Washington Square Park. The families who received the land were no longer slaves, but had to give a portion of the profits they received from the land to the Dutch West India Company and pay annual land fees, their children would be born as slaves, rather than free. The area became the core of an early African American community in New York called the Land of the Blacks and "Little Africa". Among those who owned parcels in what is now Washington Square Park was Paulo D'Angola, it remained farmland until April 1797, when the Common Council of New York purchased the fields to the east of the Minetta for a new potter's field, or public burial ground. It was used for burying unknown or indigent people when they died, but when New York went through yellow fever epidemics in the early 19th century, most of those who died from yellow fever were buried here, safely away from town, as a hygienic measure.
A legend in many tourist guides says that the large elm at the northwest corner of the park, Hangman's Elm, was the old hanging tree. However, research indicates the tree was on the side of the former Minetta Creek, the back garden of a private house. Records of only one public hanging at the potter's field exist. Two eyewitnesses to the recorded hanging differed on the location of the gallows. One said. Others placed the gallows closer to. However, the cemetery was closed in 1825. To this day, the remains of more than 20,000 bodies rest under Washington Square. Excavations have found tombstones under the park dating as far back as 1799. In 1826, the city bought the land west of Minetta Creek, the square was laid out and leveled, it was turned into the Washington Military Parade Ground. Military parade grounds were public spaces specified by the city where volunteer militia companies responsible for the nation's defense would train; the streets surrounding the square became one of the city's most desirable residential areas in the 1830s.
The protected row of Greek Revival style houses on the north side of the park remains from that time. In 1849 and 1850, the parade ground was reworked into the first park on the site. More paths were added and a new fence was built around it. In 1871, it came under the control of the newly formed New York City Department of Parks, it was redesigned again, with curving rather than straight secondary paths. In 1889, to celebrate the centennial of George Washington's inauguration as president of the United States, a large plaster and wood Memorial Arch was erected over Fifth Avenue just north of the park; the temporary plaster and wood arch was so popular that in 1892, a permanent Tuckahoe marble arch, designed by the New York architect Stanford White, was erected, standing 77 feet and modeled after the Arc de T
Canal Street (IND Eighth Avenue Line)
Canal Street is an express station on the IND Eighth Avenue Line of the New York City Subway. Located at the intersection of Canal Street, Vestry Street, Sixth Avenue in Lower Manhattan, it is served by the A and E trains at all times, the C train at all times except late nights; this station opened on September 10, 1932 as part of the opening of the first city-owned subway line, the IND Eighth Avenue Line. On this date, the line opened from Chambers Street north to 207th Street. Construction of the whole line cost $191,200,000. Service at this station was provided with express service from its onset. On February 17, 1953, the New York City Board of Transportation installed two devices at either end of the station to alert police of passers-by above of emergencies in the station; the devices, which cost $1,100, were called "Call-a-Cop." In the station agent booth, an agent could set off an alarm bell and turn on a red warning light aboveground at Canal and Walker Streets on Sixth Avenue by pushing on a treadle.
The warning lights were placed atop eight-feet tall metal poles located at subway entrances. This device would have been installed at other stations; this station has four tracks and two island platforms, which are each 660 feet long. There are two diamond crossovers allowing express trains to cross to the local track or local trains to cross to the express track. One is located to the south of the station for downtown trains and the other is located to the north of the station for uptown trains; the platforms are offset, a signal tower is located at the south end of the southbound platform. This underground station is located on the street of the same name, the boundary of SoHo and Tribeca. Lying within a block of three different pocket parks, the station sits one block from the entrance to the Holland Tunnel outside of the Tribeca North Historic District. Much of the surrounding area is characterized by its historic loft architecture. South of this station, the tracks cross at a flying junction.
These were intended to allow for the construction of a future junction with a proposed line under Worth Street as part of the IND Second System. The proposed route would have run under Worth Street and East Broadway, crossed the East River to Brooklyn; the bellmouths for this proposed route are visible from the E train headed towards and coming from the World Trade Center station. On the tunnel wall where the turnout is, there is an arrow painted with the words reading: "Worth St." written next to it. The station contains five open exits. Only one exit is located at the station's namesake–Canal Street–at the northeast corner of Sixth Avenue and Canal Street; the other exit leading from the northern section of the station leads to the south side of Laight Street, between Sixth Avenue and St. Johns Lane. At the center of the station there are exits to the northwest and northeast corners of Sixth Avenue and West Broadway. At the southern end of the station there are two exits. One exit leads to the northeast corner of Walker Street and Sixth Avenue, while the other leads to the AT&T Building.
The station has three closed exits. One exit, located at the southern end of the station, led to the southeast corner of Walker Street and West Broadway; the other two are located in a passageway that extends further north than the current northernmost open exit. The passageway houses employee facilities. Nycsubway.org – IND 8th Avenue: Canal Street–Holland Tunnel nycsubway.org — A Gathering Artwork by Martin & Munoz Station Reporter — A Lefferts Station Reporter — A Rockaway Station Reporter — C Train Station Reporter — E Train MTA's Arts For Transit — Canal Street Canal Street entrance from Google Maps Street View Laight Street entrance from Google Maps Street View West Broadway entrance from Google Maps Street View Beach Street — Walker Street entrance from Google Maps Street View Platforms from Google Maps Street View