The Gordon River is a major perennial river located in the central highlands, south-west, western regions of Tasmania, Australia. The Gordon River rises below Mount Hobhouse in the Franklin-Gordon Wild Rivers National Park draining the eastern slopes of the King William Range; the river flows south and to the west of the Gordon Range before flowing west through the Gordon Gap and spilling into Lake Gordon, an impounded reservoir created by damming the Gordon at the Gordon Dam. Together with water fed from Lake Pedder, the principal purpose of the reservoir is for generation of hydro-electricity at the Gordon Power Station. Flowing from east to west through Lake Gordon, the river continues west, passing through the Gordon Splits, a series of gorges once considered impassable until 1958 when Olegas Truchanas, a conservationist and nature photographer, was the first person to navigate the Gordon River in a kayak; the river flows north by west and due north and due west as it reaches its mouth and empties into Macquarie Harbour at Wrights Bay.
From source to mouth, the river is joined by 25 tributaries including the Gell, Pokana, Adams, Albert, Smith, Olga, Sprent and the Spence rivers. The river descends 570 metres over its 172-kilometre course; the lower part of the Gordon River is part of the Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage Area and contains a cold-climate rainforest and rare trees. As with many rivers in western Tasmania, the water is fresh and drinkable, yet has the colour of weak tea due to the absorption of tannin from button grass growing in the catchment area. Additional dams were proposed for the lower part of the river. However, these plans were changed as a result of public opinion. In particular, the Franklin Dam was proposed just downstream of the junction with the Franklin River, would have flooded much of both rivers, it was a major environmental issue in the 1980s. Boat excursions to the lower Gordon River from Macquarie Harbour are popular with tourists in Strahan. Seaplane flights depart Strahan during the warmer months and include an out landing on the Gordon River.
Commonwealth v Tasmania King River List of rivers of Tasmania Gee, H.. The South West Book - A Tasmanian Wilderness. Melbourne: Australian Conservation Foundation. ISBN 0-85802-054-8. Kerr, Garry; the Huon Pine Story (The History of Harvest and Use of a unique Timber. Portland, Victoria: Mainsail Books. ISBN 0-9577917-0-4. Lines, William J.. Patriots: defending Australia's natural heritage. St. Lucia, Qld.: University of Queensland Press. ISBN 0-7022-3554-7. Neilson, D.. South West Tasmania - A land of the Wild. Adelaide: Rigby. ISBN 0-85179-874-8
Lagarostrobos franklinii is a species of conifer native to the wet southwestern corner of Tasmania, Australia. It is known as the Huon pine or Macquarie pine, although it is a podocarp, not a true pine, it is the sole species in the genus Lagarostrobos. The genus was formerly included in a broader circumscription of the genus Dacrydium. In molecular phylogenetic analyses Lagorostrobos was found to be related to Parasitaxus and Manoao, but their exact relationships are unresolved; the wood is prized for its golden yellow colour, fine grain, natural oils that resist rotting. The chemical giving the timber its unique smell and preservative qualities is methyl eugenol, it has been planted in the grounds of Crathes Castle, Aberdeenshire and has done well. Two healthy specimens can be found at Torosay Castle, Isle of Mull, it is a slow-growing, but long-lived tree. It grows to 10 to 20 m tall, exceptionally reaching 30 m, with arching branches and pendulous branchlets; the leaves are spirally arranged small and scale-like, 1 to 3 mm long, covering the shoots completely.
It is dioecious, with male and female cones on separate plants. The male cones are 5 to 8 mm long and 1 to 2 mm broad; the mature seed cones are modified, berry-like, with 5 to 10 lax, open scales which mature in 6–8 months, with one seed 2 to 2.5 mm long on each scale. Unlike the related New Zealand genus Manoao, the scales do not become fleshy and are water-dispersed, not bird-dispersed. Based on herbarium specimens the extent of occurrence is estimated to be around 13,363 km2 with an estimated area of occupancy of 825 km2; the actual area of occupancy is estimated to range from 2,500 ha to as much as 10,500 ha. Huon pines are some of the oldest living organisms on the Earth. A stand of trees in excess of 10,500 years old was found in western Tasmania on Mount Read; each of the trees in this stand is a genetically identical male. Although no single tree in this stand is of that age, the stand itself as a single organism has existed that long. Individual trees in the clonal patch have been listed as having ages of 2000 or to 3000 years old.
Because of the long life of individual trees, tree rings from Huon Pine have been used for dendrochronology to establish a record of climate variation. An estimated 15% of its habitat has been lost through inundation for hydroelectric schemes and to fire over the past 100 years or so. Extensive logging in the past has removed nearly all large trees, but there is regrowth nearly everywhere. One stand of the species has been made available for access to craft wood from dead and downed timber under a strict licensing system, it is illegal to cut living trees. List of superlative trees
Richard Miller Flanagan is an Australian writer, "considered by many to be the finest Australian novelist of his generation", according to The Economist. Each of his novels received numerous awards and honours, he has written and directed feature films. He won the 2014 Man Booker Prize for The Narrow Road to the Deep North; the New York Review of Books described Flanagan as "among the most versatile writers in the English language. That he is an environmental activist and the author of numerous influential works of nonfiction makes his achievement all the more remarkable." Flanagan was born in Tasmania, in 1961, the fifth of six children. He is descended from Irish convicts transported during the Great Famine in Ireland to Van Diemen's Land. Flanagan's father was a survivor of the Burma Death Railway and one of his three brothers is Australian rules football journalist Martin Flanagan. Flanagan was born with a severe hearing loss, not corrected until he was 6 years old, he grew up in the remote mining town of Rosebery on Tasmania's western coast.
Flanagan left school at the age of 16 but returned to study at the University of Tasmania, where he was president of the Tasmania University Union in 1983. He graduated with a Bachelor of Arts with First-Class Honours; the following year, he was awarded a Rhodes Scholarship at Worcester College, where he was admitted to the degree of Master of Letters in History. Flanagan wrote four non-fiction works before moving to fiction, works he has called "his apprenticeship". One of these was Codename Iago, an autobiography of'Australia's greatest con man', John Friedrich, which Flanagan ghost wrote in six weeks to make money to write his first novel. Friedrich killed himself in the middle of the book's writing and it was published posthumously. Simon Caterson, writing in The Australian, described it as "one of the least reliable but most fascinating memoirs in the annals of Australian publishing", his first novel, Death of a River Guide, is the tale of Aljaz Cosini, river guide, who lies drowning, reliving his life and the lives of his family and forebears.
It was described by The Times Literary Supplement as "one of the most auspicious debuts in Australian writing". His next book, The Sound of One Hand Clapping, which tells the story of Slovenian immigrants, was a major bestseller, selling more than 150,000 copies in Australia alone. Flanagan's first two novels, declared Kirkus Reviews, "rank with the finest fiction out of Australia since the heyday of Patrick White". Gould's Book of Fish, Flanagan's third novel, is based on the life of William Buelow Gould, a convict artist, tells the tale of his love affair with a young black woman in 1828, it went on to win the 2002 Commonwealth Writers' Prize. Flanagan has described these early novels as'soul histories', his fourth novel was The Unknown Terrorist, which The New York Times called "stunning... a brilliant meditation upon the post-9/11 world". His fifth novel, Wanting tells two parallel stories: about the novelist Charles Dickens in England, Mathinna, an Aboriginal orphan adopted by Sir John Franklin, the colonial governor of Van Diemen's Land, his wife, Lady Jane Franklin.
As well as being a New Yorker Book of the Year and Observer Book of the Year, it won the Queensland Premier's Prize, the Western Australian Premier's Prize and the Tasmania Book Prize. His sixth novel was The Narrow Road to the Deep North; the life story of Dorrigo Evans, a flawed war hero and survivor of the Death Railway, it has been hailed by The Australian as "beyond comparison... An immense achievement" and "a masterpiece" by The Guardian, it won the 2014 Man Booker Prize. His most recent novel is First Person, based loosely on his experience early in his writing career ghost-writing the autobiography of John Friedrich. According to the New Yorker "the novel, with its switchbacking recollections and cyclical dialogue, its penetrating scenes of birth and death, is enigmatic and mesmerizing" while the New York Review of Books called it a "tour-de-force". Richard Flanagan has written on literature, the environment and politics for the Australian and international press including Le Monde, The Daily Telegraph, Suddeutsche Zeitung, The Monthly, The New York Times, the New Yorker.
Some of his writings have proved controversial. "The Selling-out of Tasmania", published after the death of former Premier Jim Bacon in 2004, was critical of the Bacon government's relationship with corporate interests in the state. Premier Paul Lennon declared, "Richard Flanagan and his fictions are not welcome in the new Tasmania". Flanagan's 2007 essay on logging company Gunns the biggest hardwood woodchipper in the world, "Gunns. Out of Control" in The Monthly, first published as "Paradise Razed" in The Telegraph, inspired Sydney businessman Geoffrey Cousins' high-profile campaign to stop the building of Gunns' two billion dollar Bell Bay Pulp Mill. Cousins reprinted 50,000 copies of the essay for letterboxing in the electorates of Australia's environment minister and opposition environment spokesperson. Gunns subsequently collapsed with huge debt, its CEO John Gay found guilty of insider trading, the pulp mill was never built. Flanagan's essay won the 2008 John Curtin Prize for Journalism.
A collection of his non-fiction was published as And What Do You Do, Mr Gable?. In 2015 he published Notes on an Exodus, on the Syrian refugee crisis, arising out of visiting refugee camps in Lebanon and meeting refugees in Serbia; the book features sketches made by the noted Australian artist Ben Quilty, who travelled with Flanagan to meet the refugees. The 1998 film of The Sound of One Hand Clapping and directed by Flanagan, was nominated for the Go
Strahan, is a small town and former port on the west coast of Tasmania. It is now a significant locality for tourism in the region. Strahan Harbour and Risby Cove form part of the north-east end of Long Bay on the northern end of Macquarie Harbour. At the 2016 census, Strahan had a population of 658. Developed as a port of access for the mining settlements in the area, the town was known as Long Bay or Regatta Point until 1877, when it was formally named after the colony’s Governor, Sir George Cumine Strahan. Strahan was a vital location for the timber industry. For a substantial part of the nineteenth century and early twentieth century it was port for regular shipping of passengers and cargo; the Strahan Marine Board was an important authority dealing with the issues of the port and Macquarie Harbour up until the end of the twentieth century when it was absorbed into the Hobart Marine Board. Macquarie Harbour Post Office opened on 16 May 1878, was renamed Strahan in 1881 and closed in 1891. East Strahan Post Office opened in 1891 and was renamed Strahan in 1893.
Strahan has been a port to a small fishing fleet that braves the west coast conditions and Hell's Gates. It is the nearest inhabited locality to Cape Sorell and is the'gateway' to the south-west wilderness - as boats and helicopters utilise Strahan as their base when travelling into the region; the Huon Pine industry utilised stands around the harbour and up the tributary rivers - including King River, the Franklin River and the Gordon River. Strahan is the location of the only all weather commercial airport in Western Tasmania, Strahan Airport. Located at the airport is the Automatic Weather Station, an important western Tasmania weather observation point. Strahan is the base for boat trips to Sarah Island, the notorious penal settlement that garnered the reputation as the harshest penal settlement in the Australian colonies, the lower Gordon River. Strahan is an access point to the Franklin-Gordon Wild Rivers National Park, declared part of the Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage Area in 1982.
For several years Strahan became the focus of a conservation campaign opposed to the proposed Franklin-below-Gordon Dam. It is the home of the Round Earth Theatre Company, which conducts explanatory tours of Sarah Island and has produced a daily enactment/play about Sarah Island, The Ship That Never Was, which has exceeded 5000 performances and is Australia's longest running play. Strahan was a stopping place on the former Strahan to Zeehan railway, it was known as Strahan Wharf. Strahan was connected with the former Mount Lyell Mining and Railway Company railway line that had a terminus at Regatta Point; the railway was government owned, ran past the wharf at Strahan, continued around the harbour before running north on its way to Zeehan. The formation of the railway line can be seen around the edge of the harbour; the northern shore of Macquarie Harbour is across the bay from Regatta Point, the terminus of the reconstructed, West Coast Wilderness Railway. An extinct species of Banksia, fossils of which were found in sediment at nearby Regatta Point, was named Banksia strahanensis after the town.
Strahan has an oceanic climate with mild damp summers and cool rainy winters. Lying on Tasmania's West Coast, Strahan is buffeted by low pressure systems from the Southern Ocean, causing heavy rain and gusty winds. Strahan receives 15 days, on average, of clear weather annually. Temperatures vary little between summer and winter, with minimums below 3 °C having been recorded in every month. Hot weather is rare, above every three years; the highest recorded temperature is 38.6 °C on 14 February 1982, with the lowest recorded being −3.0 °C on 30 June 1983. Snow down to sea level is rare but falls in the mountains just a few kilometers inland of Strahan. Strahan travel guide from Wikivoyage Convicts on the West Coast of Tasmania Macquarie Harbour Railways on the West Coast of Tasmania West Coast Piners Blainey, Geoffrey; the Peaks of Lyell. Hobart: St. David's Park Publishing. ISBN 0-7246-2265-9. Rae, Lou; the Abt Railway and Railways of the Lyell region. Sandy Bay: Lou Rae. ISBN 0-9592098-7-5. Whitham, Charles.
Western Tasmania - A land of riches and beauty. Queenstown: Municipality of Queenstown. Strahan Tasmania Web Site Photos of Strahan and surroundings on www.reisefotos.net
Tasmania is an island state of Australia. It is located 240 km to the south of the Australian mainland, separated by Bass Strait; the state encompasses the main island of Tasmania, the 26th-largest island in the world, the surrounding 334 islands. The state has a population of around 526,700 as of March 2018. Just over forty percent of the population resides in the Greater Hobart precinct, which forms the metropolitan area of the state capital and largest city, Hobart. Tasmania's area is 68,401 km2, of which the main island covers 64,519 km2, it is promoted as a natural state, protected areas of Tasmania cover about 42% of its land area, which includes national parks and World Heritage Sites. Tasmania was the founding place of the first environmental political party in the world; the island is believed to have been occupied by indigenous peoples for 30,000 years before British colonisation. It is thought Aboriginal Tasmanians were separated from the mainland Aboriginal groups about 10,000 years ago when the sea rose to form Bass Strait.
The Aboriginal population is estimated to have been between 3,000 and 7,000 at the time of colonisation, but was wiped out within 30 years by a combination of violent guerrilla conflict with settlers known as the "Black War", intertribal conflict, from the late 1820s, the spread of infectious diseases to which they had no immunity. The conflict, which peaked between 1825 and 1831, led to more than three years of martial law, cost the lives of 1,100 Aboriginals and settlers; the island was permanently settled by Europeans in 1803 as a penal settlement of the British Empire to prevent claims to the land by the First French Empire during the Napoleonic Wars. The island was part of the Colony of New South Wales but became a separate, self-governing colony under the name Van Diemen's Land in 1825. 75,000 convicts were sent to Van Diemen's Land before transportation ceased in 1853. In 1854 the present Constitution of Tasmania was passed, the following year the colony received permission to change its name to Tasmania.
In 1901 it became a state through the process of the Federation of Australia. The state is named after Dutch explorer Abel Tasman, who made the first reported European sighting of the island on 24 November 1642. Tasman named the island Anthony van Diemen's Land after his sponsor Anthony van Diemen, the Governor of the Dutch East Indies; the name was shortened to Van Diemen's Land by the British. It was renamed Tasmania in honour of its first European discoverer on 1 January 1856. Tasmania was sometimes referred to as "Dervon," as mentioned in the Jerilderie Letter written by the notorious Australian bushranger Ned Kelly in 1879; the colloquial expression for the state is "Tassie". Tasmania is colloquially shortened to "Tas," when used in business names and website addresses. TAS is the Australia Post abbreviation for the state; the reconstructed Palawa kani language name for Tasmania is Lutriwita. The island was adjoined to the mainland of Australia until the end of the last glacial period about 10,000 years ago.
Much of the island is composed of Jurassic dolerite intrusions through other rock types, sometimes forming large columnar joints. Tasmania has the world's largest areas of dolerite, with many distinctive mountains and cliffs formed from this rock type; the central plateau and the southeast portions of the island are dolerites. Mount Wellington above Hobart is a good example. In the southern midlands as far south as Hobart, the dolerite is underlaid by sandstone and similar sedimentary stones. In the southwest, Precambrian quartzites were formed from ancient sea sediments and form strikingly sharp ridges and ranges, such as Federation Peak or Frenchmans Cap. In the northeast and east, continental granites can be seen, such as at Freycinet, similar to coastal granites on mainland Australia. In the northwest and west, mineral-rich volcanic rock can be seen at Mount Read near Rosebery, or at Mount Lyell near Queenstown. Present in the south and northwest is limestone with caves; the quartzite and dolerite areas in the higher mountains show evidence of glaciation, much of Australia's glaciated landscape is found on the Central Plateau and the Southwest.
Cradle Mountain, another dolerite peak, for example, was a nunatak. The combination of these different rock types contributes to scenery, distinct from any other region of the world. In the far southwest corner of the state, the geology is wholly quartzite, which gives the mountains the false impression of having snow-capped peaks year round. Evidence indicates the presence of Aborigines in Tasmania about 42,000 years ago. Rising sea levels cut Tasmania off from mainland Australia about 10,000 years ago and by the time of European contact, the Aboriginal people in Tasmania had nine major nations or ethnic groups. At the time of the British occupation and colonisation in 1803, the indigenous population was estimated at between 3,000 and 10,000. Historian Lyndall Ryan's analysis of population studies led her to conclude that there were about 7,000 spread throughout the island's nine nations. J. B. Plomley and Rhys Jones, settled on a figure of 3,000 to 4,000, they engaged in fire-stick farming, hunted game including kangaroo and wallabies, caught seals, mutton-birds and fish and lived as nine separate "nations" on the island, which they knew as "Trouwunna".
The first reported sighting of Tasmania by a European was on 24 November 1642 by Dutch explorer Abel Tasman, who landed at today's Blackman Bay. More than a century in 1772, a French expedition le
Australia the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area; the neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea and East Timor to the north. The population of 25 million is urbanised and concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, its largest city is Sydney; the country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane and Adelaide. Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians for about 60,000 years before the first British settlement in the late 18th century, it is documented. After the European exploration of the continent by Dutch explorers in 1606, who named it New Holland, Australia's eastern half was claimed by Great Britain in 1770 and settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788, a date which became Australia's national day; the population grew in subsequent decades, by the 1850s most of the continent had been explored and an additional five self-governing crown colonies established.
On 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated. Australia has since maintained a stable liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy, comprising six states and ten territories. Being the oldest and driest inhabited continent, with the least fertile soils, Australia has a landmass of 7,617,930 square kilometres. A megadiverse country, its size gives it a wide variety of landscapes, with deserts in the centre, tropical rainforests in the north-east and mountain ranges in the south-east. A gold rush began in Australia in the early 1850s, its population density, 2.8 inhabitants per square kilometre, remains among the lowest in the world. Australia generates its income from various sources including mining-related exports, telecommunications and manufacturing. Indigenous Australian rock art is the oldest and richest in the world, dating as far back as 60,000 years and spread across hundreds of thousands of sites. Australia is a developed country, with the world's 14th-largest economy.
It has a high-income economy, with the world's tenth-highest per capita income. It is a regional power, has the world's 13th-highest military expenditure. Australia has the world's ninth-largest immigrant population, with immigrants accounting for 26% of the population. Having the third-highest human development index and the eighth-highest ranked democracy globally, the country ranks in quality of life, education, economic freedom, civil liberties and political rights, with all its major cities faring well in global comparative livability surveys. Australia is a member of the United Nations, G20, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, World Trade Organization, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, Pacific Islands Forum and the ASEAN Plus Six mechanism; the name Australia is derived from the Latin Terra Australis, a name used for a hypothetical continent in the Southern Hemisphere since ancient times. When Europeans first began visiting and mapping Australia in the 17th century, the name Terra Australis was applied to the new territories.
Until the early 19th century, Australia was best known as "New Holland", a name first applied by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman in 1644 and subsequently anglicised. Terra Australis still saw occasional usage, such as in scientific texts; the name Australia was popularised by the explorer Matthew Flinders, who said it was "more agreeable to the ear, an assimilation to the names of the other great portions of the earth". The first time that Australia appears to have been used was in April 1817, when Governor Lachlan Macquarie acknowledged the receipt of Flinders' charts of Australia from Lord Bathurst. In December 1817, Macquarie recommended to the Colonial Office. In 1824, the Admiralty agreed that the continent should be known by that name; the first official published use of the new name came with the publication in 1830 of The Australia Directory by the Hydrographic Office. Colloquial names for Australia include "Oz" and "the Land Down Under". Other epithets include "the Great Southern Land", "the Lucky Country", "the Sunburnt Country", "the Wide Brown Land".
The latter two both derive from Dorothea Mackellar's 1908 poem "My Country". Human habitation of the Australian continent is estimated to have begun around 65,000 to 70,000 years ago, with the migration of people by land bridges and short sea-crossings from what is now Southeast Asia; these first inhabitants were the ancestors of modern Indigenous Australians. Aboriginal Australian culture is one of the oldest continual civilisations on earth. At the time of first European contact, most Indigenous Australians were hunter-gatherers with complex economies and societies. Recent archaeological finds suggest. Indigenous Australians have an oral culture with spiritual values based on reverence for the land and a belief in the Dreamtime; the Torres Strait Islanders, ethnically Melanesian, obtained their livelihood from seasonal horticulture and the resources of their reefs and seas. The northern coasts and waters of Australia were visited s
Macquarie Harbour Penal Station
The Macquarie Harbour Penal Station, a former British colonial penal settlement, established on Sarah Island, Macquarie Harbour, in the former colony of Van Diemen's Land, now Tasmania, operated between 1822 and 1833. The settlement housed male convicts, with a small number of women. During its 11 years of operation, the penal colony achieved a reputation as one of the harshest penal settlements in the Australian colonies; the formal penal station is located on the eight-hectare Sarah Island that now operates as an historic site under the direction of the Tasmania Parks and Wildlife Service. The penal station was established as a place of banishment within the Australian colonies, it took those who had escaped from other settlements. The isolated land was ideally suited for its purpose, it was separated from the mainland by treacherous seas, surrounded by a mountainous wilderness and was hundreds of miles away from the colony's other settled areas. The only seaward access was through a treacherous narrow channel known as Hells Gates.
Strong tidal currents resulted in the deaths of many convicts before they reached the settlement due to ships foundering in the narrow rocky channel. The surveyor who mapped Sarah Island concluded that the chances of escape were "next to impossible". Neighbouring Grummet Island, a small island to the North west, was used for solitary confinement. Lieutenant-Governor William Sorell wanted the new penal colony to be economically viable, it could reimburse the British government for the expense of its establishment. Convicts were employed in the shipbuilding industry. For a short period, it was the largest shipbuilding operation in the Australian colonies. Chained convicts had the task of rafting the logs down the river; the forested island was cleared by the convicts. A tall wall was built along the windward side of the island to provide shelter for the shipyards from the roaring forties blowing up the harbour; as Sarah Island could not produce food, malnutrition and scurvy were rampant among the convict population.
The penal colony had to be supplied by sea. Living conditions were bad in the early years of the settlement; the settlement was so crowded, convicts were unable to sleep on their backs in the communal barracks. Punishment involved solitary confinement and regular floggings - 9,100 lashes were given in 1823. In 1824 a prisoner named Trenham stabbed another convict in order to be executed rather than face further imprisonment at Macquarie Harbour Penal Station, it was closed in late 1833. Most of the remaining convicts were relocated to Port Arthur. Despite its isolated location, a considerable number of convicts attempted to escape from the island. Bushranger Matthew Brady was among a party that escaped to Hobart in 1824 after tying up their overseer and seizing a boat. James Goodwin was pardoned after his 1828 escape and was subsequently employed to make official surveys of the wilderness he had passed through. Sarah Island's most infamous escapee was Alexander Pearce. On both occasions, he cannibalized his fellow escapees.
Just before the station was shut down, ten convicts were able to escape by seizing an unfinished brig called the Frederick and sailing it to Chile. The island was used for pining purposes, was known by the piners as Settlement Island, rather than Sarah Island, though it has since reverted to its original name; the ruins of the settlement remain today as the Sarah Island Historic Site —part of the larger Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage Area—though they are not as well preserved as those at better-known Port Arthur. The island is accessible via ferries and charter boats operating out of the town of Strahan. Sarah Island has been featured in Australian literature and theatre representing the worst excesses of the British convict system. Notable books include: Clarke, Marcus. For the Term of His Natural Life. London: R. Bentley and son. P. 472. Flanagan, Richard. Gould's Book of Fish: a novel in twelve fish. Sydney: Pan Macmillan. P. 403. ISBN 0-330-36378-6. Hughes, Robert; the Fatal Shore: a history of the transportation of convicts to Australia, 1787-1868.
London: Collins Harvill. P. 688. ISBN 0-00-217361-1. Brennan, Craig. Bound to Sarah. In Strahan, the main port and town on the shores of Macquarie Harbour today Australia's longest running play The Ship that Never Was by Tasmanian author Richard Davey dramatises the Frederick escape, the last escape from the island, his book The Sarah Island Conspiracies - Being an account of twelve voyages to Macquarie Harbour and Sarah Island furthers understanding of the history and the recent archaeological work on the island. The films The Last Confession of Alexander Pearce and Van Diemen's Land deal with one of the more notorious escapees. Mordecai Cohen, escaped in April 1823 George Hammersley and James Woodward, escaped on 4 May 1824 John Graham, John Germanston, John McCarthy, escaped on 20 July 1825 Matthew Brady Alexander Pearce Ten convicts, notably former whaler James Porter, in the Frederick escape3 September 1830 five men ran away from the settlement, Richard Hutchinson, William Coventry, Patrick Fagan, Mathew Macavoy, Broughton, that they were upwards of thirty days before the two'survivors' surrendered themselves at Macguire's Marsh near Osterley.
Convicts on the West Coast of Tasmania William Buelow Gould Information about “The Ship That Never Was” about the last ship built at Sarah Island. Barnard, Simon, A-Z of Convicts in Van Diemen’s Land, Text Publishing, Melbourne, 2014. ISBN 9781922079343 Brand, Ian. Sarah Island penal settlements, 182