Borough of Charnwood
The Borough of Charnwood is a local government district with borough status in the north of Leicestershire, which has a population of 166,100 as of the 2011 census. It borders Melton to the east, Harborough to the south east and Blaby to the south and Bosworth to the south west, North West Leicestershire to the west and Rushcliffe in Nottinghamshire to the north, it is named after an area which the borough contains much of. The administrative centre of the borough is located in Loughborough, the district's largest town and its main commercial centre; the town is the location of Loughborough University. Other notable settlements include Shepshed, Syston and Thurmaston; the district of Charnwood was formed on 1 April 1974 as a merger of the municipal borough of Loughborough, the Shepshed urban district and the Barrow upon Soar Rural District. It was granted borough status on 15 May 1974; the symbol of Charnwood Borough Council is the fox linked with Leicestershire, this is the symbol used by Leicestershire County Council.
Charnwood contains Quorn, believed to be the birthplace of fox-hunting. To the south it borders the City of Leicester, about 20 km away from Loughborough. There is a moderately urbanised A6 corridor between the two population centres and close to the River Soar, including Quorn, Barrow-on-Soar, Birstall, Thurmaston, Syston and East Goscote. To the south of the borough Birstall, Queniborough and Syston, form part of the Leicester Urban Area, while Quorn and Shepshed, amongst others, might be considerered to be part of a Loughborough urban agglomeration; the highest point is Beacon Hill to the north of the Charnwood Forest'area of natural beauty' extending WN-west into the National Forest There are two Parliamentary constituencies covering the district. Charnwood is represented by the Conservative Edward Argar MP. Loughborough is represented by the Conservative Party's Nicky Morgan. Charnwood is the largest borough by population in Leicestershire, has the largest school population as well. Anstey Barkby, Barkby Thorpe, Barrow upon Soar, Birstall, Burton on the Wolds Cossington, Cotes East Goscote Hathern, Hoton Mountsorrel Newtown Linford Prestwold Queniborough, Quorn Ratcliffe on the Wreake, Rothley Seagrave, Sileby, South Croxton, Syston Thrussington and Cropston, Thurmaston Ulverscroft Walton on the Wolds, Woodhouse, Wymeswold Charnwood Borough Council YouTube channel
North West Leicestershire
North West Leicestershire is a local government district in Leicestershire, England. The population of the Local Authority at the 2011 census was 93,348, its main towns are Coalville. The district contains East Midlands Airport, which operates flights to the rest of Britain and to various places in Europe, it is notable as the location of Castle Donington and Donington Park, a grand-prix circuit and a major venue for music festivals. The district is represented in the UK Parliament by the constituency of the same name; the area has a long history of mineral extraction, with coal, brick clay and granite amongst the products. All the deep coal mines in the area have closed; the district was formed in 1974 by a merger of Ashby de la Zouch Urban District, Ashby Woulds Urban District, Coalville Urban District, Ashby de la Zouch Rural District, Castle Donington Rural District and Ibstock from the Market Bosworth Rural District. Like many other shire districts, authority over North West Leicestershire is shared between the district council and the county council.
Areas of responsibility of the district council include local planning, building control, council housing, refuse collection and some leisure services and parks. The district council is controlled by 38 councillors who are elected every four years; the current political make-up of the council is as follows: The council has a five-member executive known as the Cabinet, made up of councillors who have special responsibilities and power. As the Conservatives won overall control of the council in 2007, they hold all of the seats on the cabinet. Appleby Magna, Ashby Woulds, Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Belton, Breedon on the Hill Castle Donington, Chilcote, Coleorton Ellistown and Battleflat Heather and Donington le Heath Ibstock Isley cum Langley Kegworth Lockington-Hemington, Long Whatton Measham Normanton le Heath Oakthorpe and Donisthorpe, Osgathorpe Packington Ravenstone with Snibston Snarestone Staunton Harold Stretton en le Field Swannington Swepstone Worthington Whitwick North West Leicestershire has experienced steady population growth in recent times as the district balances the agro-rural economy with the end of labour intensive deep coal-mining.
Alternative employment opportunities exist within the district in the services and distributive sectors, together with local or nearby manufacturing and extractive/transformative/construction industries. The lack of rail services to/from Leicester and other nearby centres limits access for employment and leisure to a road journey that competes with freight and heavy-haulage vehicles to the south and east. Since 2013 Norton Motorcycles has its head office in Castle Donington. BMI, an airline, was headquartered in Donington Hall; the airline moved its headquarters to Donington Hall in 1982. The subsidiary bmibaby had its head office in Donington Hall. Prior to its disestablishment, Excalibur Airways had its head office on the grounds of East Midlands Airport in Castle Donington. Prior to its disestablishment, Orion Airways had its head office on the grounds of East Midlands Airport. In 2011 Coalfield Resources plc were given permission to develop an opencast coal mining pit on the site of the former Minorca colliery between Measham and Swepstone on a seam which will be 1 mi across and extract 1,250,000 tonnes of coal over five years, 250,000 tonnes of clay.
North West Leicestershire
Loughborough is a town in the Charnwood borough of Leicestershire, seat of Charnwood Borough Council, home to Loughborough University. The town had a population of 57,600 in 2004, making it the second largest settlement in Leicestershire, it is close to the Nottinghamshire border and within short distances of Nottingham, East Midlands Airport and Derby. The town has the world's largest bell foundry – John Taylor Bellfounders – which made bells for the Carillon war memorial, a landmark in the Queens Park in the town, of Great Paul for St Paul's Cathedral, for York Minster; the first mention of Loughborough is in the 1086 Domesday Book. Loughborough's earliest historical reference was to "Lucteburne" in the 1086 Domesday Book, it appeared in a charter from the reign of Henry II as Lucteburga, in the Pipe Rolls of 1186 as Luchteburc. The name means "Luhhede's burgh or fortified place"; the first sign of industrialisation in the Loughborough district came in the early years of the 19th century, when John Heathcoat, an inventor from Derbyshire patented in 1809 an improvement to the warp loom, known as the twisted lace machine, which allowed mitts with a lace-like appearance to be made.
Heathcoat, in partnership with the Nottingham manufacturer Charles Lacy, moved his business from there to the village of Hathern, outside Loughborough. The product of this "Loughborough machine" came to be known as English bobbinet. However, the factory was attacked in 1816 by Luddites thought to be in the pay of Nottingham competitors and 55 frames were destroyed; this prompted Heathcoat to move his business to a disused woollen mill in Devon. In 1888 a charter of incorporation was obtained, allowing a corporation to be elected; the population increased from 11,000 to 25,000 in the following ten years. Among the factories established were Robert Taylor's bell foundry John Taylor & Co and the Falcon works, which produced steam locomotives motor cars, before it was taken over by Brush Electrical Machines. In 1897, Herbert Morris set up a factory in the Empress Works in Moor Lane which become one of the foremost crane manufacturers by the mid-20th century. There was strong municipal investment: a new sewage works in 1895 a waterworks in Blackbrook and a power station in Bridge Street in 1899.
The corporation took over Loughborough Gas Company in 1900. In 1841, Loughborough was the destination for the first package tour, organised by Thomas Cook for a temperance group from Leicester; as Loughborough grew larger throughout the 20th century, it began to acquire new suburbs. Thorpe Acre is located in the north-west of Loughborough; until the mid-20th century, it was a hamlet of about twenty houses or cottages, several of which survive. There is a 19th-century church and an old hostelry, The Plough Inn; the population is included in Loughborough–Garendon Ward of Charnwood Council. Many of the roads are named after famous poets. After the Second World War, part of Thorpe Acre was developed further in the 1950s for employees of Brush Engineering Works, 100 dwellings being built of no-fines concrete. In the 1960s and early 1970s, Thorpe Acre was chosen for a new estate. Two of Loughborough's secondary schools, Charnwood College and De Lisle College, are located on the edge of the estate; the suburb bounds Garendon Park, a large deer park from the 18th century.
Stonebow, at the upper end of Maxwell Drive, was built in the 1980s. Further development started in 2004, to link Maxwell Drive to Mitchell Drive, where Stonebow Primary School is located; the original Dishley, off Derby Road, was developed, with Thorpe Acre, in the 1970s. Dishley Church is now a ruin in Derby Road; the agriculturalist Robert Bakewell is buried there. Shelthorpe and surrounding area are new suburbs in the south of Loughborough. Work on the original Shelthorpe started in 1929, but was halted by World War II and resumed in 1946, it now has two rows of shops. A magnificent but overlooked piece of architecture is a group of twelve houses surrounding the crossroads at Castledine Street Extension, Woodthorpe Road, Shelthorpe Road. Fairmeadows Way and the surrounding area to the west of Shelthorpe and the south of the university date from the 1970s; the area stretches from Holywell Drive to Hazel Road. Rainbows, a children's hospice, Woodbrook Vale secondary school are on the edge of the suburb.
Grange Park is to the south of these. Construction began in 2006 after the completion of Terry Yardley Way to One Ash Roundabout. By 2018 the developers William Davis had built 1000 houses. Other developers are building to the west of Shelthorpe and the south of the university. William Davis came under fire in 2018 from residents saying they had been promised public amenities like shops and a place of worship, but were living on "a construction site" after William Davis submitted a planning application for 30 more houses on a site that could have been used for public purposes. Loughborough station is a mainline station serving the town. In 2012, Network Rail redeveloped the station increasing the length of the platforms and improving access. East Midlands Trains is the primary operator providing services on the Midland Main Line south to Leicester, Bedford and London St Pancras stations and north to Lincoln, Sheffield and York stations; the link to London provides a link to Europe via Eurostar.
Leicester and Derby stations allow transfers to CrossCountry trains running between the north-east of Scotland and the south-west of England. There were at one time three railway routes to the town: the s
Derbyshire is a county in the East Midlands of England. A substantial portion of the Peak District National Park lies within Derbyshire, containing the southern extremity of the Pennine range of hills which extend into the north of the county; the county contains part of the National Forest, borders on Greater Manchester to the northwest, West Yorkshire to the north, South Yorkshire to the northeast, Nottinghamshire to the east, Leicestershire to the southeast, Staffordshire to the west and southwest and Cheshire to the west. Kinder Scout, at 636 metres, is the highest point in the county, whilst Trent Meadows, where the River Trent leaves Derbyshire, is its lowest point at 27 metres.:1 The River Derwent is the county's longest river at 66 miles, runs north to south through the county. In 2003 the Ordnance Survey placed Church Flatts Farm at Coton in the Elms as the furthest point from the sea in Great Britain; the city of Derby is a unitary authority area, but remains part of the ceremonial county of Derbyshire.
The non-metropolitan county contains 30 towns with between 100,000 inhabitants. There is a large amount of sparsely populated agricultural upland: 75% of the population live in 25% of the area; the area, now Derbyshire was first visited briefly, by humans 200,000 years ago during the Aveley interglacial as evidenced by a Middle Paleolithic Acheulean hand axe found near Hopton. Further occupation came with the Upper Paleolithic and Neolithic periods of the Stone Age when Mesolithic hunter gatherers roamed the hilly tundra. Evidence of these nomadic tribes has been found in limestone caves located on the Nottinghamshire border. Deposits left in the caves date the occupancy at around 12,000 to 7,000 BCE. Burial mounds of Neolithic settlers are situated throughout the county; these chambered tombs were designed for collective burial and are located in the central Derbyshire region. There are tombs at Minninglow and Five Wells that date back to between 2000 and 2500 BCE. Three miles west of Youlgreave lies the Neolithic henge monument of Arbor Low, dated to 2500 BCE.
It is not until the Bronze Age that real signs of agriculture and settlement are found in the county. In the moors of the Peak District signs of clearance, arable fields and hut circles were discovered after archaeological investigation; however this area and another settlement at Swarkestone are all. During the Roman invasion the invaders were attracted to Derbyshire because of the lead ore in the limestone hills of the area, they settled throughout the county with forts built near Glossop. They settled around Buxton, famed for its warm springs, set up a fort near modern-day Derby in an area now known as Little Chester. Several kings of Mercia are buried in the Repton area. Following the Norman Conquest, much of the county was subject to the forest laws. To the northwest was the Forest of High Peak under the custodianship of William Peverel and his descendants; the rest of the county was bestowed upon a part of it becoming Duffield Frith. In time the whole area was given to the Duchy of Lancaster.
Meanwhile, the Forest of East Derbyshire covered the whole county to the east of the River Derwent from the reign of Henry II to that of Edward I. Most of Derbyshire consists of rolling hills and uplands, with the southern Pennines extending from the north of Derby throughout the Peak District and into the north of the county, reaching a high point at Kinder Scout; the south and east of the county are lower around the valley of the River Trent, the Coal Measures, the areas of clay and sandstones between the Peak District and the south west of the county. The main rivers in the county are the River Derwent and the River Dove which both join the River Trent in the south; the River Derwent rises in the moorland of Bleaklow and flows throughout the Peak District and county for the majority of its course, while the River Dove rises in Axe Edge Moor and forms a boundary between Derbyshire and Staffordshire for most of its length. The varied landscapes within Derbyshire have been formed as a consequence of the underlying geology, but by the way the land has been managed and shaped by human activity.
The county contains 11 discrete landscape types, known as National Character Areas, which have been described in detail by Natural England and further refined and described by Derbyshire County Council and the Peak District National Park. The 11 National Character Areas found within Derbyshire are: Dark Peak White Peak South West Peak Derbyshire Peak Fringe & Lower Derwent Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire & Yorkshire Coalfield Southern Magnesian Limestone Needwood & South Derbyshire Claylands Trent Valley Washlands Melbourne Parklands Leicestershire & South Derbyshire Coalfield Mease/Sence Lowlands From a geological perspective, Derbyshire's solid geology can be split into two different halves; the oldest rocks occur in the northern, more upland half of the county, are of Carboniferous age, comprising limestones, gritstones and shales. In its north-east corner to the east of Bolsover there are Magnesian Limestone rocks of Permian age. In contrast, the southern and more lowland half of Derbyshire contains much softer rocks mudstones and sandstones of Permo-Triassic age, which create gentler, more rolling landscapes with few rock outcrops.
Across both regions can be found drift deposits of Quaternary age – terrace and river gravel deposits and boulder clays. Landslip features are found on unstable layers of sandstones and shales, with Mam Tor and Alport Castles being the most well-known. Cemented screes and tufa deposits occur rarely in the limestone dales and
Leicestershire is a landlocked county in the English Midlands. The county borders Nottinghamshire to the north, Lincolnshire to the north-east, Rutland to the east, Northamptonshire to the south-east, Warwickshire to the south-west, Staffordshire to the west, Derbyshire to the north-west; the border with most of Warwickshire is Watling Street. Leicestershire takes its name from the city of Leicester located at its centre and administered separately from the rest of the county; the ceremonial county has a total population of just over 1 million, more than half of which lives in'Greater Leicester'. Leicestershire was recorded in the Domesday Book in four wapentakes: Guthlaxton, Framland and Gartree; these became hundreds, with the division of Goscote into West Goscote and East Goscote, the addition of Sparkenhoe hundred. In 1087, the first recorded use of the name was as Laegrecastrescir. Leicestershire's external boundaries have changed little since the Domesday Survey; the Measham-Donisthorpe exclave of Derbyshire has been exchanged for the Netherseal area, the urban expansion of Market Harborough has caused Little Bowden in Northamptonshire to be annexed.
In 1974, the Local Government Act 1972 abolished the county borough status of Leicester city and the county status of neighbouring Rutland, converting both to administrative districts of Leicestershire. These actions were reversed on 1 April 1997, when Rutland and the City of Leicester became unitary authorities. Rutland became a distinct Ceremonial County once again, although it continues to be policed by Leicestershire Constabulary; the symbol of the county council, Leicestershire County Cricket Club and Leicester City FC, is the fox. Leicestershire is considered to be the birthplace of fox hunting. Hugo Meynell, who lived in Quorn, is known as the father of fox hunting. Melton Mowbray and Market Harborough have associations with fox hunting, as has neighbouring Rutland. Leicestershire and Herefordshire are the only three English counties lacking a registered flag. A design was proposed for Leicestershire in 2017 based on symbols associated with the county – a fox and a cinquefoil; the River Soar together with its tributaries and canalisations constitutes the principal river basin of the county, although the River Avon and River Welland through Harborough and along the county's southern boundaries are significant.
The Soar rises between Hinckley and Lutterworth, towards the south of the county near the Warwickshire border, flows northwards, bisecting the county along its north/south axis, through'Greater' Leicester and to the east of Loughborough where its course within the county comes to an end. It continues north marking the boundary with Nottinghamshire for some 10 kilometres before joining the River Trent at the point where Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire meet; the geographical centre of England is in Leicestershire, near Fenny Drayton in the southwest of the county. In 2013, the Ordnance Survey calculated. A large part of the north-west of the county, around Coalville, forms part of the new National Forest area extending into Derbyshire and Staffordshire; the highest point of the county is Bardon Hill at 278 metres, a Marilyn. 150–200 metres and above in nearby Charnwood Forest and to the east of the county around Launde Abbey. The lowest point, at an altitude of about 20 metres, is located at the county's northernmost tip close to Bottesford where the River Devon flowing through the Vale of Belvoir leaves Leicestershire and enters Nottinghamshire.
This results in an altitude differential of around 257.5 metres and a mean altitude of 148.75 metres. The population of Leicestershire is 609,578 people; the county covers an area of 2,084 km2. Its largest population centre is the city of Leicester, followed by the town of Loughborough. Other large towns include Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Hinckley, Market Harborough, Melton Mowbray, Oadby and Lutterworth; some of the larger of villages are:Burbage Birstall, Broughton Astley, Castle Donington, Kibworth Beauchamp, Great Glen, Ibstock and Kegworth. One of the most expanding villages is Anstey, which has seen a large number of development schemes; the United Kingdom Census 2001 showed a total resident population for Leicester of 279,921, a 0.5% decrease from the 1991 census. 62,000 were aged under 16, 199,000 were aged 16–74, 19,000 aged 75 and over. 76.9% of Leicester's population claim they have been born in the UK, according to the 2001 UK Census. Mid-year estimates for 2006 indicate that the population of the City of Leicester stood at 289,700 making Leicester the most populous city in East Midlands.
The population density is 3,814/km2 and for every 100 females, there were 92.9 males. Of those aged 16–74 in Leicester, 38.5% had no academic qualifications higher than 28.9% in all of England. 23.0% of Leicester's residents were born outside of the United Kingdom, more than double than the English average of 9.2%. Engineering has long been an important part of the economy of Leicestershire. John Taylor Bellfounders co
Overseal is a village and civil parish in South Derbyshire situated 3 miles south of Swadlincote and 4.5 miles west of Ashby-de-la-Zouch. The population of the civil parish at the 2011 census was 2,450, it is one of the southernmost settlements in Derbyshire, situated close to the border with Leicestershire and lying within the National Forest area. Both Overseal and Netherseal were part of Leicestershire: they were transferred from Leicestershire to Derbyshire in 1897, in return for Leicestershire absorbing several of Derbyshire's enclaves.. The village was once part of the district of Seal, which included a number of settlements, many of which form Netherseal and Overseal in modern times; the Seal suggests the area was once forested and Nether means lower and Over means upper. The small hamlet of Seale lies 1 mile to the south of the village, marking the border with Leicestershire near Acresford; the busy A444 bisects the village and Nuneaton lies some 17 miles south of Overseal at the A444's terminus.
Overseal is in the heart of the National Forest. To the south-east is Donisthorpe. Halfway between the village and Moira, half a mile to the east, is the Conkers activity park, the National Forest youth hostel and a Camping and Caravanning Club site, close by to Short Heath; the village was part of West Goscote Hundred in Leicestershire for most of its history. In 1889 it was transferred, along with Netherseal, to Derbyshire in exchange for Chilcote, Measham, Stretton-en-le-Field and Willesley plus the Derbyshire parts of Appleby Magna and Ravenstone; the village church is dedicated to St Matthew. Woodville Road, leading to the northeast from the A444 was the B5004, but has now been downgraded to a minor road. Close by is Nuneaton Joint Railway, with a station for Overseal and Moira. There was a small two-road loco depot, a sub-shed of nearby Burton, coded 16F; the depot was closed in the late 1960s. There is only one pub in the village, the Robin Hood Inn on the junction of Main Street and Burton Road.
The Navigation Inn on Spring Cottage Road in Leicestershire has now been demolished to make way for elderly accommodation lodges. There is a large Co-op on the main road, next to a chip shop. Overseal is located close to the furthest point from mainland Britain's coast, at Church Platts Farm near Coton-in-the-Elms 3 miles to the west. Overseal's history is inseparable from the nearby village of Netherseal. Forming a single parish and township, the two settlements have been known by various names, with Overseal having been known as, amongst others, Little Seale and Spital Seile and with variations on Seal including Seile, Sheile, Seeyle. During the reign of Henry III, the manors of Overseal and Netherseal were given by William de Meisham, as a dowry for his daughter, Godehouda, on the occasion of her marriage to William de Appleby of Appleby Magna; the manor house itself was located in what is now Netherseal. Around 1250, William de Meisaham gave care of the church to Merevale Abbey in Warwickshire.
Around the turn of the 16th century, the Manor, Netherseal Hall had passed to the Gresley Family of Drakelow, having been purchased by Sir William Gresley. The Gresley family sold the manor to the Morewood family in 1627. However, the manor passed back to the Gresley family through the marriage of Sir Thomas Gresley, 2nd Baronet, to Francis Morewood. In 1569 Sir Thomas Gresley, 2nd Baronet, is listed as Lord of the Manor, with the Manor itself being tenanted to E. W. Robertson, Esq. In 1863 the manoral rights are recorded as belonging to Thomas Mowbray Esq. of Grange Wood House, situated around a mile South West of Overseal. He did not, own all the land in the village with John Curzon Esq. listed as a major land holder, the rest shared between smaller owners. Overseal was said to be the'population centre of Britain' in 1971 with an equal number of people living North and South of it and for East and West. However, this centre has been moving southwards and is now claimed by the nearby village of Appleby Parva in North West Leicestershire, 4.5 miles south of Overseal.
There appears to have been an earlier church in Overseal, however, in 1622 this was reported as being "quite decayed and gone". A new church was built in 1840–1841, dedicated to St. Matthew, built on land donated by Elizabeth Pycroft, who gave money for its construction. Elizabeth laid the first stone on 27 August 1840, but died 19 December 1840, her family subsequently made further donations to pay for the communion plate, altar table and velvet covering. The church was built in the early English style: the tower has eight bells and the church boasts stained glass windows, a carved stone altar and a font made of Caen stone; the surrounding church/chapel-yard is three-quarters of an acre, at its North-West corner stood an oak tree descended from the Royal Oak at Boscobel House in which King Charles II hid to escape the Roundheads following the Battle of Worcester in 1651. In 1863 the church is described as a'chapelry' annexed to the rectory at Netherseal. A; the Lord of the Manor built a school adjacent to the church in 1841.
A Baptist chapel was built in the village in 1840 and a Methodist chapel in 1860. Every year sees a gala one aftern