Government of Queensland
The Government of Queensland referred to as the Queensland Government, is the Australian state democratic administrative authority of Queensland. The Government of Queensland, a parliamentary constitutional monarchy, was formed in 1859 as prescribed in its Constitution, as amended from time to time. Since the Federation of Australia in 1901, Queensland has been a state of the Commonwealth of Australia, the Constitution of Australia regulates its relationship with the Commonwealth. Under the Australian Constitution, Queensland ceded legislative and judicial supremacy to the Commonwealth, but retained powers in all matters not in conflict with the Commonwealth. Key state government offices are located at 1 William Street in the Brisbane central business district; the Government of Queensland operates under the Westminster system, a form of parliamentary government based on the model of the United Kingdom. The Governor of Queensland, as the representative of Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia, holds nominal power, although in practice only performs ceremonial duties.
The Parliament of Queensland holds legislative power, while executive power lies with the Premier and Cabinet, judicial power is exercised by a system of courts and tribunals. The Parliament of Queensland is the state's legislature, it consists of Her Majesty The Queen, a single chamber. Queensland is the only Australian state with a unicameral parliament after a second chamber, the Legislative Council, was abolished in 1922; the Legislative Assembly has 93 members. Elections for the Legislative Assembly are held every four years; the Cabinet of Queensland is the government's chief policy-making organ, consists of the Premier and all ministers. The Queensland Government delivers services, determines policy and regulations, including legal interpretation, by a number of agencies grouped under areas of portfolio responsibility; each portfolio is led by a government minister, a member of the Parliament. As of April 2016 there were nineteen lead agencies, called government departments, that consist of: Department of the Premier and Cabinet Department of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Partnerships Department of Agriculture and Fisheries Department of Communities, Child Safety and Disability Services Department of Education and Training Department of Energy and Water Supply Department of Environment and Heritage Protection Queensland Health Department of Housing and Public Works Department of Infrastructure, Local Government and Planning Department of Justice and Attorney-General Department of National Parks and Racing Department of Natural Resources and Mines Queensland Police Service and Queensland Fire and Emergency Services Department of Science, Information Technology and Innovation Department of State Development Department of Transport and Main Roads Queensland Treasury Department of Tourism, Major Events, Small Business and the Commonwealth GamesA range of other agencies support the functions of these departments.
The judiciary of Queensland consists of the Magistrates Court, the District Court, the Supreme Court, as well as a number of smaller courts and tribunals. The Chief Justice of Queensland is the state's most senior judicial officer; the Magistrates Court is the lowest tier of the judicial hierarchy of Queensland. The court's criminal jurisdiction covers summary offences, indictable offences which may be heard summarily, but all criminal proceedings in Queensland begin in the Magistrates Court if they are not within this jurisdiction. For charges beyond its jurisdiction, the court conducts committal hearings in which the presiding magistrate decides, based on the strength of the evidence, whether to refer the matter to a higher court or dismiss it; the court's civil jurisdiction covers matters in which the amount in dispute is less than or equal to $150,000. Appeals against decisions by the Magistrates Court are heard by the District Court; the District Court is the middle tier of the judicial hierarchy of Queensland.
The court has jurisdiction to hear all appeals from decisions made in the Magistrates Court. Its criminal jurisdiction covers serious indictable offences; the court's civil jurisdiction covers matters in which the amount in dispute is more than $150,000 but less than or equal to $750,000. Appeals against decisions by the District Court are heard by the Court of Appeal, a division of the Supreme Court; the Supreme Court is the highest tier of the judicial hierarchy Queensland. The court has two divisions; the Trial Division's jurisdiction covers serious criminal offences, civil matters involving claims of more than $750,000. The Court of Appeal's jurisdiction allows it to hear cases on appeal from the Trial Division, the District Court, a number of other judicial tribunals in Queensland. Appeals against decisions by the Court of Appeal are heard by the High Court of Australia. There are several factors; the legislature has no upper house. For a large portion of its history, the state was under a gerrymander that favoured rural electorates.
This, combined with the decentralised nature of Queensland, meant that politics has been dominated by regional interests. Queensland, along with New South Wales operated a balloting system known as Optional Preferential Voting for state elections; this is different from the predominant Australian electoral system, the instant-runoff voting system, in practice is closer to a first past the post ballot, which some say is to the
Mount Larcom, Queensland
Mount Larcom is the name of a mountain, a township and a locality in the Gladstone Region, Australia. The township/locality is at the junction of the Bruce Highway and Port Curtis Way 70 kilometres south of the city of Rockhampton. At the 2011 census, Mount Larcom had a population of 278. Commander Matthew Flinders named Mount Larcom on 4 August 1802, after a Royal Navy colleague Captain Thomas Larcom. Mount Larcombe Provisional School opened on 13 November 1882, but closed for some time during the 1890s due to low student numbers. In 1909, it was upgraded to be Mount Larcombe State School and was renamed Mount Larcom State School in 1913. In 1964, a secondary department was added to the school. Mount Larcom Post Office opened by December 1909. On Sunday 16 July 1922 the Catholic church was opened by Bishop of Rockhampton Joseph Shiel, it was named for Our Lady of Mount Carmel. The land cost £64 and the church building cost £441; the first of Mount Larcom's annual agricultural shows was held on 8 October 1919.
It was opened by the Member of the Queensland Legislative Assembly for Port Curtis. The ambulance station first opened in 1924; the Mount Larcom library building opened in 2004. Mount Larcom has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: 52780 Bruce Highway: Mount Larcombe Station Original Homestead Site Popenia Road: Mount Larcom Cemetery The Narrows Road: Mount Larcom Showground The mountain, rising to 632 metres, is east of the township and is a dominant feature on the horizon from the town of Gladstone, it was named by Matthew Flinders after a Naval Captain. Mount Larcom railway station is on the North Coast railway line, with long-distance passenger trains operated by Queensland Rail stopping here and a direct line to Gladstone. Mount Larcom State School is a government co-education primary school with a secondary department located in Raglan Street. In 2013, the school had 10 teachers. For high school education beyond Year 10, students must travel to other high schools; the Mount Larcom Library is on Raglan Street.
There is Our Lady of Mount Carmel, at 24 Balfour Street. Each month there is a lay-led liturgy. There is a public hall in Raglan Street. Despite its small population, Mount Larcom has a police station, an ambulance station, a volunteer Rural Fire Service and a volunteer State Emergency Service group. However, the nearest hospitals are in Rockhampton. Being located near the junction of two highways, a common emergency is vehicle crashes; the Mount Larcom branch of the Queensland Country Women's Association meets at 4 King George Street. The Mount Larcom and District Show Society organise an annual agricultural show in June each year. In 2014, in addition to the livestock competitions, there are other activities including a ute muster and fireworks. Tully, Judith. Mt. Larcom Centre, Queensland Ambulance Transport Brigade, Mount Larcom Centre: golden jubilee, 1924–1974, QATB Holborow, Mount Larcom & District Show history 1919–1999, s.n University of Queensland: Queensland Places: Mount Larcom Current Weather
Woorabinda is an Aboriginal community in Central Queensland, inland about two hours' west drive of Rockhampton. At the 2006 census, Woorabinda had a population of 851. Woorabinda was first established in 1927, with land gazetted from the County of Waroona, as a replacement for the Taroom Aboriginal Settlement; the land at Taroom was repossessed for the development of proposed Nathan Dam for the Dawson River Irrigation Scheme, never built. Central Queensland had a high level of frontier violence and Aboriginal deaths, such as at Cullin-La-Ringo at nearby Springsure and Hornet Bank along the Dawson River. There was a forcible relocation of dispossessed survivors into government-controlled settlements starting from 1897, with the introduction of the Aboriginals Protection Act—initially at Taroom, Woorabinda. Peoples from at least 17 different language groups were placed within the camp, some from as far as Mornington Island, were under the control of a local Superintendent beneath the state Chief Protector of Aborigines.
The movement of 300 Taroom residents occurred via foot and hired truck over the 250 km. This walk from Taroom to Woorabinda was commemorated by the community with a supported re-enactment in 2014; the Woorabinda community is the only DOGIT Aboriginal community within the Central Queensland region. DOGIT communities have a special type of land tenure which applies only to former Aboriginal reserves; the land title is a system of community level land trusts and administered by the local council. Woorabinda is a township with the seasonal Mimosa Creek nearby a source of local water. During rainy season, the township can be isolated due to road flooding. Access is via the Fitzroy Developmental Road, sealed north towards Duaringa and where it meets the Capricorn Highway to Rockhampton. To the south, it is gravel road to Bauhinia Downs, where it meets the Dawson Highway and access to Gladstone. East is the sealed Baralaba-Woorabinda Road, seasonally cut off by flooding. West has a number of cattle properties until the base of the Blackdown Tablelands, serviced by gravel roads.
There is a sealed airstrip along the north road into town, used by chartered flights and aeromedical retrieval services. No commercial flights operate to the airstrip. In May 1942, during World War II, a Lutheran Aboriginal mission at Cape Bedford on Cape York in far North Queensland was closed to become used as an army camp; the relocation has been attributed to governmental fears of Aboriginal loyalty to the German Lutheran pastor and against non-Aboriginal Australian interests in favour of the Japanese. The 254 Aboriginal residents, of Guugu Yimithirr identity, were forcibly relocated; this trip was poorly provisioned and people arrived at their end destination having been deprived of food and blankets during the winter overland trip. There was tension between the Cape Bedford evacuees and the residents of Woorabinda due to the strong Lutheran Christian beliefs held by those from Cape Bedford. However, the evacuees experienced many cultural experiences unavailable to them because of the strong church presence, such as corroborrees.
During this time, informal Lutheran church services and ministering were maintained by the evacuees to hold onto their Christian beliefs, creating a core strength of spiritual leadership within this group. Choral singing started during this time within the Guugu Yimithirr language from translated hymns as part of their services, which became a core part of their future church identity, they maintained a separate identity to the Woorabinda residents during the seven years they spent within the community. Many died from sickness and exposure due to the poor sanitation and inadequate shelter from the frost and cold winter nights of the inland climate, which the Guugu Yimithirr peoples would not have experienced, as they were from a warm, humid coastal climate; the official number of deaths during this period was 33, but could have been up to 48. There were 13 recorded births during that time. During their time at Woorabinda, the Cape Bedford peoples experienced paid labour and schooling for the first time.
The survivors were allowed to return to Cape Bedford in 1949, after the war, to what is now known as Hopevale. Most returned north, however, a small contingent remained, which maintained a presence and link to the north which remains to this day; the latest figures identify Woorabinda residents as having a mean annual income of $27,924, as compared to the mean Australia-wide income of $42,081 in the same census. Unemployment is at 70%. Woorabinda has been identified as amongst Queensland's most disadvantaged suburbs, the others of which are Indigenous townships. Government service providers are the main source of employment, with local industry in the form of the takeaway cafe and Woorabinda Pastoral Company, owned by the council; the satellite Foleyvale Station is just north of Duaringa, is included in the Woorabinda lands used pastorally. In 2008, the community and council voted for the total ban of alcohol consumption within the town limits to become a "dry" community; the town has had a significant decrease in alcohol-fuelled violence since the Alcohol Management Plan was introduced.
As of 2013, there has been ongoing movement within the community for a reintroduction of alcohol, with a community-led vote majority for its reintroduction. This has been as part of a larger movement within Aboriginal communities of Queensland for Alcohol Management Plan reviews; the town als
Clermont is an agricultural town and locality in the Isaac Region, Australia. It is 274 kilometres south-west of Mackay on the junction of the Peak Downs highways. At the 2011 census, Clermont had a population of 2,177. Today, Clermont is a major hub for the large coal mines in the region as well as serving agricultural holdings. Ludwig Leichhardt was the first European to pass through the Clermont area in 1845, but it was the discovery of gold in 1861, responsible for the establishment of the town, close to what was Babbinburra clan land; the town reserve was proclaimed on 25 March 1864, although a gold field was declared in the area in 1862. Clermont is named after Clermont-Ferrand in France. Theresa Creek Post Office opened by 1863, was replaced by Coppermines Post Office at the end of 1863 and Clermont Post Office in 1864. Clermont State School opened on 27 August 1867. Copper was discovered soon after. In the 1880s up to 4000 Chinese people were resident in Clermont, mining for copper; this led to racial riots and the Chinese were removed from the region in 1888.
The decorated soldier Billy Sing was born in Clermont in 1886 of a Chinese father and English mother. The railway was extended north from Emerald to Clermont in February 1884. However, no passenger trains are available to or from Clermont; the town was established on low-lying ground next to a lagoon or billabong, but flooding was always a problem, with four substantial floods occurring between 1864 and 1896. The greatest flood, in 1916, killed 65 people out of a town population of 1,500 and remains one of Australia's worst natural disasters in terms of life lost. Following the 1916 flood, many of the wooden buildings of the town were moved using steam traction engines to a new townsite on higher ground. A local amateur photographer, Gordon Pullar took numerous photographs of the moving buildings, published in the 1980s as "A Shifting Town"; the Clermont public library was opened in 1962. On 27 January 1959 a secondary department was added Clermont State School providing secondary education; that arrangement ceased with the opening of Clermont State High School on 29 January 1990.
Clermont has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Cemetery Road: Clermont Cemetery 739 Fleurs Lane: Stone Farm Building Oaky Creek, 20 kilometres West of Clermont on the Clermont-Alpha Road: Irlam's Ant Bed Building Glencore is operating the Clermont Mine, located 12 kilometres north west of Clermont. When the mine reaches full capacity it will produce up to 12.2 million tonnes of thermal coal for international markets. Clermont Mine delivered its first conveyor of coal in April 2010. Clermont hosted another larger coal mine; the mine supplied customers in Asia and Europe with up to 12 million tonnes of thermal coal per annum. The coal deposit was discovered on the site in 1864 and was first mined in 1890. Between 1920 and 1945 coal was mined with an underground method, still visible today; the most recent open cut operation started in 1984. Blair Athol Mine was closed on 26 November 2012 after it mined out, its stockpile and train facilities will be used by the Clermont Mine. The Isaac Regional Council operates a public library at the corner of Herschel Street.
The Clermont branch of the Queensland Country Women's Association meets at the QCWA Rooms at 28 Sirus Street. Pullar, G. C.. C. Pullar, University of Queensland Press, ISBN 978-0-7022-2012-8CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list — full text available online University of Queensland: Queensland Places: Clermont and Copperfield
Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service
The Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service is a business division of the Department of Environment and Science within the Government of Queensland. The division’s primary concern is with the management and maintenance of protected areas within Queensland, to protect and manage Queensland’s parks and the Great Barrier Reef for current and future generations; the QPWS managed areas include more than 1000 national parks, state forests, marine parks and other protected areas, five world heritage areas. Queensland’s first national park, Witches Falls, was established on 28 March 1908, followed by Bunya Mountains National Park in July 1908, Lamington National Park in 1915. From modest early beginnings within the Forestry department, a dedicated national parks service was established in 1975—the Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service. From that time, park rangers have proudly worn QPWS uniform badge featuring the symbol, which has become one of the most well-recognised symbols in Queensland; the Nature Conservation Act 1992, Marine Parks Act 2004 and Forestry Act 1959 provide guiding legislation for the service.
Leanne Enoch, Minister for Environment and Science is responsible for the department. The agency's head office is located at 400 George Street in the Brisbane central business district. Protected areas in Queensland are needed to provide wildlife habitat to maintain biodiversity and provide opportunities for outdoor nature-based activities. Managing national parks involves protecting a park's natural condition and processes, presenting the park's cultural and natural resources and its values. Managing multiple-use marine parks involves providing refuge areas for species and ecosystems while allowing for continuing recreational and commercial use of the majority of the marine environment. A Master Plan for Queensland's Park System outlines the directions for management of all protected areas in Queensland for the next 20 years. QPWS is responsible for day-to-day management of Queensland’s five World Heritage areas, which are within the protected area estate; these properties are outstanding examples of the world's natural or cultural heritage, provide valuable environmental and economic services for Queensland.
For each park, either a management statement or a management plan is prepared to identify the park's special values and determine ways to ensure those values are preserved, enhanced or maintained. The service employs park rangers who are responsible for constructing and maintaining infrastructure such as camping areas, picnic areas, walking tracks and lookouts providing advice to visitors, recording wildlife data, controlling feral plants and animals, assisting in the preparation of management plans and enforcing park rules. QPWS works with Aboriginal Traditional Owners and, in some places, volunteers, as well as other government departments and organisations to conserve, manage and present Queensland’s most precious natural and cultural places. Wildlife Preservation Society of Queensland National Parks Association of Queensland Find a park or forest
Gogango is a small town and a locality in the Rockhampton Region, Australia. At the 2011 census and the surrounding area had a population of 310. Gogango is in Central Queensland; the Capricorn Highway traverses the south of the locality passing through the town. The Central Western railway line traverses the south of the locality parallel and to the immediate north of the highway; the town is serviced by the Gogango railway station. The Fitzroy River flows from west to east through the centre of the locality. Gogango Creek is a tributary of the Fitzroy River; the principal land use is farming grazing cattle. Goganjo Provisional School opened in 1874 but closed circa 1878. In 1888 it renamed under the name Gogango Provisional School becoming Gogango State School on 1 January 1909. On 29 November 1950, the Gogango hall held an Ambulance Ball. People from Westwood, Mt Morgan and Rockhampton attended. In the 2010-11 Queensland floods the Fitzroy River which passes through the area of Gogango rose to 28 meters.
Gogango Creek flooded, stopping traffic on the Capricorn Highway. The Capricorn highway was flooded for more than 12 hours in January 2013. In February 2015, Cyclone Marcia caused heavy rainfall which led to Gogango creek rising over the highway; the site for the proposed Rookwood weir is located on the Fitzroy River in the Gogango area, about 15 km from the township. When completed the $72 million weir will hold over 100 thousand megalitres; the Weir will be built over 2 stages, The first stage will be 17 metres high and the second stage will be 0.5 metre, With a complete height of 17.5 meters, inundating 1,930 hectares. Gogango State School is a primary school for boys and girls operated by the Queensland Government at 10 Wills Street. In 2016, the school had an enrolment of 9 students with 4 non-teaching staff. A bus travels out from Rockhampton to transport high school students back to South Rockhampton High School. Gogango has one public park, it is located at the corner of Wills Street. Barry O'Sullivan, Australian Senator, was born in Gogango Town map of Gogango, 1987