Keyser, West Virginia
Keyser is a city in and the county seat of Mineral County, West Virginia, United States. It is part of MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area; the population was 5,439 at the 2010 census. Keyser, the county seat of Mineral County, is located on the North Branch of the Potomac River at its juncture with New Creek in the Eastern Panhandle of West Virginia. Throughout the centuries, the town went through a series of name changes, but was named after William Keyser, a Baltimore and Ohio Railroad official; the first Europeans to pass through what would become present-day Keyser are believed to have been William Mayo and George Savage, sent by Lord Fairfax in 1736 to seek out the source of the Potomac River. The first local land grant was issued by Fairfax to Christopher Beelor on March 20, 1752; the place was first called Paddy Town, for Patrick McCarty, an Irish immigrant who came to then-Hampshire County, sometime after 1740. A community developed, known as "the Irish Settlement." A peaceful village, Paddy Town came under repeated Indian attacks after Major General Edward Braddock's defeat west of Paddy Town by French and Indian forces in 1755.
The Paddy Towners built blockhouses to protect themselves. In 1762, Patrick McCarty was killed by a band of Indians while harvesting crops. Patrick McCarty's son, Edward McCarty, was an enterprising fellow who put Paddy Town on the map after his father's death. Among other things, he built an iron furnace and foundry and a salt well, near present-day Armstrong Street. According to an 1851 newspaper article, during the Revolutionary War, "there were extensive borings for salt at Paddytown, on the Virginia side of the Potomac, that after reaching a depth of 600 feet, the supply of salt water was abundant, from which large quantities of this article was manufactured."The Paddy Town, post office was established on October 30, 1811. The McCarty family built a stone house in 1815. A travel guide described the town in these formative years: Paddytown, Va. post office vacant 1835. Is a small, romantic village, 214 miles from Richmond and 135 miles Northwest from Washington. Has 6 dwelling houses, 1 mercantile store, 1 manufacturing flour mill, in immediate vicinity 1 forge and iron furnace.
Romantic scenery Slim Bottom Hill. Lands in immediate vicinity belong to James Singleton; as the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal was constructed alongside the Potomac, from Washington, DC, to Cumberland, Maryland, a resident of the Potomac valley wrote to the editors of the National Intelligencer in Washington in 1837, seeking to make a sale: At a place called Paddy Town, the residence of the late Col. Edward McCarty, on the North branch, 25 miles above Cumberland, stands an excellent furnace and forge, for making iron, now idle for want of capital and skill to work them; these may be said to stand in the great coal region of the Potomack, or so near that the coal can be delivered at them for 3 cents per bushel. Col. McCarty, who built them, and, a man of great enterprise, failed by attempting too much at once without sufficient skill; the C&O Canal was planned to reach the Ohio River, but it never made it as far as Paddy Town, let alone the Ohio, overtaken by a railroad and stopping as far west as Cumberland.
Paddy Town fell into decline by 1844. In 1852, the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, in search of a path through the Alleghenies, giving the town an economic boost; the Paddy Town post office was re-established that year, with Edward Hitchcock McDonald as postmaster. McDonald's wife Cornelia Peak McDonald was an educated socialite from the city of Alexandria and thought the name "Paddy Town" was "unaesthetic and wholly unacceptable." Through her persistent lobbying, the Post Office Department renamed the town's post office Wind Lea, Virginia, in 1855. Mrs. McDonald's literary flourish for the post office did not stick to the town. Sometime between 1855 and the start of the Civil War, the townsfolk renamed the village New Creek Station, after the creek that runs by it; this decision was "by common consent" to give the town a "more dignified" name. In 1861, the American Civil War came to New Creek Station in Virginia; the Union established Fort Fuller on the present site of Potomac State College of West Virginia University.
The fort's commanders included Majors Lew Wallace and Benjamin Harrison, the author of Ben-Hur: A Tale of the Christ and the 23rd President of the United States, respectively. The area changed hands 14 times during the war due to the importance of the railroad. One history describes "four years of carnage" at New Creek... everything was laid to waste. What buildings of importance had been built, many of which were equal to those of other towns in that day, were razed to the ground or reduced to ashes, by the relentless flames of the military incendiary." The railroad, a blessing to the town had turned into a curse, drawing repeated assaults by Confederate forces. A Harrisonburg, newspaper provided a report of the exploits at New Creek of a Confederate company known as the Brook's Gap Rifles, stationed at Romney in the summer of 1861: A part of the company -- 18 members, a detachment under command of Lieut. Philip Kennon -- participated in the fight at New Creek Station, heretofore known as Paddytown, on the Balt. & O. Railroad, in Hampshire county.
In this skirmish these sharp-shooters did first-rate work, private Black himself killing three of the enemy with his rifle, private John W. West giving another a load of buckshot in the face. Black, a splendid equestrian as well as a "dea
Notre Dame College
Notre Dame College known as Notre Dame College of Ohio or NDC, is a Catholic liberal arts college in South Euclid, Ohio. Established in 1922 as a women's college, it has been coeducational since January 2001. Notre Dame College offers 30 majors and individually designed majors and confers undergraduate and graduate degrees through five academic divisions; the college had a total enrollment of 2,100 students in fall 2016. The 48-acre main academic and residential campus is located 10 miles east of Cleveland in South Euclid. Fielding athletic teams known as the Notre Dame Falcons, the college is a member of the National Collegiate Athletic Association at the Division II level. Notre Dame is a member of the Mountain East Conference, a Division II conference that began playing in the 2013–14 school year. Prior to joining the NCAA, the college competed in the NAIA as a member of the American Mideast Conference; the official school and athletic colors are royal gold. While the majority of Notre Dame's students are from Ohio, the student body represents 38 states and 19 countries.
The college offers a number of extracurricular activities to its students, including athletics, honor societies and student organizations. Notre Dame College was founded in the summer of 1922 on Ansel Road as a women's college under the guidance of Mother M. Cecilia Romen; that year, Mother Mary Evarista Harks became NDC's first president. In its early years the college had a faculty population of 9 and a full-time student enrollment of 13 women and 11 novices. On June 15, 1925, NDC conferred its first graduating class in the form of two-year teaching certificates. In the following year, 14 students received their bachelor's degrees and state certificates to teach in Ohio high schools. In June 1923, the Sisters leased 39 acres along Green Road in South Euclid to build a new campus and purchased 15 acres in 1924. Construction of the campus began in the fall of 1926 and opened on Sept. 17, 1928. The college bought the 39 leased acres in 1933; the college was located in a single building and expanded over time, Harks Hall was built in 1955 to house resident students with two other residence halls built in the 1960s.
NDC constructed the Clara Fritzsche Library in 1971 and the Keller Center in 1987. Traditionally, this institution of higher education was a residential campus, but in 1978, Notre Dame College began to offer a program known as Weekend College, or WECO. Local residents whose schedules prevented them from taking classes during the normal work week enrolled in weekend college classes to earn a degree. In 2003, WECO celebrated its 25th anniversary. On December 8, 1983, based on its architectural importance, Notre Dame College's historic Administration Building, built in 1927 in the Tudor Revival and other styles, was added to the National Register of Historic Places as Notre Dame College of Ohio; the building, designed by architect Thomas D. McLaughlin and built by contractor John T. Gill housed the entire college. In the fall of 1991, Notre Dame's Master of Education program started; the college saw its first M. Ed. Graduates in 1994. Although men had been allowed to enroll in certain programs, such as NDC's Law Enforcement Education A.
A. degree program in 1969 and WECO and master's programs, in 2001 the college became coeducational with its first full-time male enrollment. The college graduated its first co-ed class on May 7, 2005. Since the college became coeducational it has seen enrollment double from nearly 1,000 in 2001 to over 2,000 in 2010. In 2008, NDC began construction on two additional residence halls and South halls; the structures opened in 2009 at a cost of $15 million. Notre Dame College offers associate degrees, bachelor's degrees, master's degrees and is divided into five Academic Divisions: Arts & Humanities Business Administration Education Nursing Science & MathematicsThe college has three special programs and two interdisciplinary programs. NDC offers 30 majors in its bachelor's degree programs, it offers an Associate in Arts degree in Pastoral Ministry. And a master's degree in National Intelligence Studies. NDC's athletic teams are known as the Falcons, the colors are gold; the school sponsors 22 intercollegiate teams.
The college is a member of the National Collegiate Athletic Association at the Division II level. In August 2012, Notre Dame became a charter member of the Mountain East Conference, a new Division II league that began play in the 2013–14 school year; the MEC, made up of schools leaving the West Virginia Intercollegiate Athletic Conference includes another Ohio school, Urbana University. It will sponsor eight each for men and women. Notre Dame College competed in National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics as a member of the American Mideast Conference; the college began the transition process during the 2009-10 academic year as a NCAA candidacy institution and was granted provisional status for the 2011-12 academic year. In July 2012, the college received notice it was accepted as a full member starting in the 2012-13 academic year. During its time in the NAIA, the college was known for its men's wrestling program; the team won back-to-back NAIA National Championships in 2010 and 2011. In 2014, the school's second year of NCAA eligibility, Notre Dame College won the Division II national wrestling championship lead by four-time national champion and undefeated wrestler Joey Davis.
Morehead is a home rule-class city located along US 60 and Interstate 64 in Rowan County, Kentucky, in the United States. It is the seat of its county; the population was 6,845 at the time of the 2010 U. S. census. It is the home of Morehead State University; the first European settlers came to Rowan County from Virginia following the end of the American Revolutionary War in 1783. In 1854, Morehead became the third community to be settled in the county. Colonel John Hargis founded the city after purchasing land in the area; the city was named after James T Morehead, a politician who served as governor of Kentucky from 1834 to 1836. Rowan County came into existence in May 1856, seceding from parts of Morgan County and Fleming County, it was divided into four districts with Morehead being declared the county seat. The formation of Rowan County was a political ploy to prevent Flemingsburg from moving its seat to Poplar Plains, Morehead was selected as Rowan's seat because of its centrality. Although it was smaller and less developed than the neighboring town of Farmers, it remained a significant city in the county due its status as county seat.
It was incorporated in 1869. In the 1880s, Morehead became the central stage for a notorious conflict known as the Rowan County War or the Martin–Tolliver–Logan Feud. During a number of skirmishes for the next few years, at least 20 people were killed and 100 were wounded. Beginning with an election-day barroom brawl, several gunfights took place in Morehead and the surrounding countryside. A group led by Craig Tolliver seized political control of the town and installed allies in the county sheriff's and county attorney's offices as well as at the office of the town marshal. Several members of the opposing faction were arrested on trumped-up charges, some were killed when the faction in power falsely claimed they had resisted arrest; the conflict gained national attention and on two occasions the governor sent troops to maintain order with little effect. A posse of as many as 100 individuals were organized and armed by Daniel Boone Logan with the tacit consent of Gov. J. Proctor Knott and Governor-elect Simon Buckner.
In a dramatic two-hour gun battle through the center of Morehead, several Tollivers were killed and the Tollivers' control of the county was broken. Two men were acquitted for the murder of Craig Tolliver. Morehead State University was established as an indirect result of the feud. After the state militia came to settle the feud, the Disciples of Christ established a church and school which served as the forerunner to the university; the industry improved in the early 20th century. It was considered an important shipping center in the region, the city of Chesapeake, Ohio carried out developments on the road system of Morehead, its abundance of lumber, fire clay, farm products and gas made it an active center of industry, of, oriented towards agriculture. The close proximity of the Licking River helped ensure. In the 1920s, the city refocused its efforts towards fire clay extraction amidst the dwindling prices of timber. One of the first transcontinental auto trails in the US, the Midland Trail, was connected to Morehead in 1929.
In July 1939, a number of business and hotels located on Mainstreet were caught in a raging fire following Independence Day celebrations which went awry. The town's pack horse library center was burned down as well. Only 24 hours afterwards, the town was badly affected by flash flooding. At least 25 people died, thousands had to receive vaccinations for Typhoid fever; the property costs incurred by the flooding were estimated at $1,000,000, while the damage inflicted on crops and farms caused an economic loss of about $500,000. In the early 1960s, efforts were underway to establish a local hospital. An agreement was reached with the Sisters of Notre Dame in Covington, Kentucky in which the sisters would assume responsibility for operating the proposed hospital. In July 1963, St Claire's Medical Center was opened with a 41-bed capacity. Transport in and out of the city was improved in 1969 after the completion of Interstate 64 to the north. After the logging and extraction industries lost momentum in eastern Kentucky during the mid-1900s, the city invested in developing Morehead State University as a means to secure economic growth.
Morehead sought to capitalize on tourism by ameliorating its natural attractions. Hiking trails were created through Cave Run Lake in the 1960s and 1970s, in 1974, tourism was further boosted when Cave Run Lake was impounded by the city. By 1990, Morehead State University had become the largest employer in the city. In 2015, Kim Davis of Morehead gained international attention after she defied a federal court order requiring that as Clerk of Rowan County she issue a marriage license to a same-sex couple; as of 2000, Rowan County was the home of 25 Evangelical churches, four Mainline Protestant churches, one Catholic Church and one Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints congregation. This represents a net increase of five congregations. Six congregations were established between 2000, while one closed. Rowan County is ranked 113th in overall rates of adherence, with only 249 out of every 1000 residents claimed as an adherent of a religious congregation. 129 of every 1000 residents was claimed by an Evangelical congregation, 50 by a Mainline congregation, 20 by the Catholic Church, 37 by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints.
A small number of other residents belonged to religious groups not repre
West Virginia Mountaineers
The West Virginia Mountaineers are the athletic teams that represent West Virginia University. The school is a member of National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I; the Mountaineers have been a member of the Big 12 Conference since 2012. At that time, the Mountaineers joined the Mid-American Conference as an affiliate member for men's soccer; the two major sports at the university are football and basketball, although many of the other sports have large followings as well. The West Virginia University athletic program has the honor of being the only school in the nation in 2007 to win a BCS game, a NCAA Men's Basketball Tournament game, a NCAA Women's Basketball Tournament game. WVU sponsors seven men's sports, ten women's sports, one coeducational sport. Men's golf was the latest sport. West Virginia has won 20 NCAA team national championships. Men's Boxing: 1938 Co-ed Rifle: 1983, 1984, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2009, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017See also: Big 12 Conference National team titles List of NCAA schools with the most NCAA Division I championships Below are 5 national team titles that were not bestowed by the NCAA: Men's basketball: 1942 Rifle: 1913, 1961, 1964, 1966See also: Pre-NCAA Rifle Championships List of NCAA schools with the most Division I national championships Football is the most popular sport at WVU.
The West Virginia Mountaineers football team represents West Virginia University in the NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision of college football. West Virginia plays its home games at Mountaineer Field at Milan Puskar Stadium on the campus of West Virginia University in Morgantown, West Virginia; the Mountaineers compete in the Big 12 Conference. With a 712–471–45 record as of the conclusion of the 2013 season, WVU ranks 14th in victories among NCAA FBS programs, as well as the most victories among those programs that never claimed nor won a National Championship. WVU received Division I classification in 1973, becoming a Division I-A program from 1978–2006 and an FBS program from 2006 to the present; the Mountaineers have registered 80 winning seasons in their history, including one unbeaten season and five 11-win seasons. The Mountaineers have won a total of 15 conference championships, including eight Southern Conference titles and seven Big East Conference titles. Stadium: Milan Puskar Stadium at Mountaineer Field Head coach: Neal Brown Conference: Big 12 All-time record: 701–456–45 Bowl record: 14-17 Conference titles: 15 Consensus All-Americans: 11 BCS Bowl Game Record: Highest Coaches Poll ranking: #1 Highest AP Poll ranking: #2 Highest final top 25 ranking: #5 Playing Facility: Monongalia County Ballpark Head Coach: Randy Mazey Most Victories: 40 NCAA Tournament Appearances: 12 Last NCAA Appearance: 2017 All-Americans: 20 Players In The Majors: 27 Playing Facility: WVU Coliseum Head Coach: Bob Huggins Most Victories: 31 in 2010 Big East Conference Champion: 2010 NCAA Tournament Appearances: 28 Last NCAA Appearance: 2017 NCAA Final Four: 1959, 2010 NIT Appearances: 15 Last NIT Appearance: 2014 NIT Championships: 2 All-Americans: 13 Drafted Players: 28 Players In The NBA: 14 Playing Facility: WVU Coliseum Head Coach: Mike Carey Most Victories: 30 in 2014 Big 12 Conference Champion: 2017 NCAA Tournament Appearances: 11 WNIT Appearances: 2 Last NCAA Appearance: 2017 All-Americans: 4 Drafted Players: 3 Players In The WNBA: 2 Head Coach: Sean Cleary World Cross Country Qualifiers: 11 BIG EAST Conference Champions: 2007 NCAA Regional Champions: 2004,2008 NCAA Appearances: 9 NCAA Top 10 finishes: 5: 2007,2008,2009,2011,2014 NCAA Elite 8 finishes: 4: 2008,2009,2011,2014 NCAA Final 4 finishes: 1: 2008 Highest NCAA Finish: 4th Last NCAA Appearance: 2014 All-Americans: 15 Elite 89 Winners: Ahna Lewis-2009, Kelly Williams 2014NACAC Campions, Grandt, Harrison NACAC Silver Medallists: Asselin, National Team Members: World Cross Country Team Members 10, NACAC Championships Team Members 9 WVU sponsored men's golf from 1933 until dropping the sport in 1982.
On July 1, 2013, then-WVU athletic director Oliver Luck announced that the sport would be reinstated in the 2015–16 school year. Competition facilities: Seven regional courses:Two courses at Lakeview Golf Resort, Cheat Lake – Lakeview and Mountainview Two courses at Nemacolin Woodlands Resort, Pennsylvania – The Links and Mystic Rock. In addition, the Mountaineers will use the Nemacolin Golf Academy at the resort as a practice facility. Pete Dye Golf Club, Bridgeport The Pines Country Club, Morgantown. To be used for both competition and practice. Stonewall Jackson Resort, Arnold Palmer Signature Course, Roanoke Head coach: Sean Covich Competition Facility: WVU Coliseum Head Coach: Jason Butts Most Victories: 26 in 1992 NCAA Tournament Appearances: 3 AIAW Appearances: 1 Last NCAA Appearance: 2000 All-Americans: 4 For rifle, a sport in which fewer than 40 NCAA member schools participate, the Mountaineers are a member of the single-sport Great America Rifle Conference and have won the most NCAA Rifle Championships of any school at 19.
Playing Facility: WVU Shell Building Head Coach: Jon Hammond Most Victories: 19 in 1964 NCAA Appearances: 26 NCAA Team Championships: 19 NCAA Team Runner up: 7 National Individual Champions: 25 NCAA All-Americans: 65 Olympians: 13 Gold Medal: Virginia "Ginny" Thrasher - Rio 2016 Awards: CaptainU Coach of the Year Playing Facility
Salem, West Virginia
Salem is a city in Harrison County, West Virginia, United States. The population was 1,586 at the 2010 census, it is located at the junction of U. S. Route 50 and West Virginia Route 23. Salem University is located in Salem. Salem is located at 39°17′0″N 80°33′46″W, along Salem Fork, a tributary of Tenmile Creek. in western Harrison County According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.34 square miles, all of it land. Salem was settled in the summer of 1790 — as "New Salem" — by forty Seventh Day Baptist families from Shrewsbury, New Jersey. Notable settler family names included Lippincott, Babcock, Plumer and Randolph. New Salem was formally chartered and made a town by legislative enactment of the Virginia Assembly on December 19, 1794, on land owned by Samuel Fitz Randolph. John Patterson, John Davis, Samuel Lippincott, James Davis, Zebulon Maxon, Benjamin Thorp, Thomas Clayton, William Davis, Jacob Davis, George Jackson and John Haymond were appointed its first trustees.
By the 1870s, the town was more being called "Salem" than "New Salem", as the separation of West Virginia from Virginia in 1863 had diminished the need to distinguish it from the town named Salem near Roanoke. The US Postal Service made the change official in March 1884. Salem was incorporated by the state of West Virginia on 25 February 1905. Salem has a history of large fires; the same full city block has burned down twice in the city's history. The north side of Main Street downtown burned once in 1901 and again on March 2, 2006; the more recent fire burned the old city bank building, several store fronts, several residences. The fire was determined to have been started by a hot water tank in an apartment; the fire departments' ability to put out the blaze was hampered by a limited city water supply. The Salem College Administration Building and Salem Historic District are listed on the National Register of Historic Places; as of the census of 2010, there were 1,586 people, 662 households, 384 families residing in the city.
The population density was 1,183.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 834 housing units at an average density of 622.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 93.5% White, 4.1% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.1% from other races, 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.1% of the population. There were 662 households of which 27.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.4% were married couples living together, 15.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.3% had a male householder with no wife present, 42.0% were non-families. 35.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.88. The median age in the city was 36.1 years. 20.5% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 49.1% male and 50.9% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,006 people, 744 households, 412 families residing in the city.
The population density was 1,451.0 people per square mile. There were 858 housing units at an average density of 620.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 87.39% White, 2.34% African American, 0.20% Native American, 7.93% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.75% from other races, 1.35% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.00% of the population. There were 744 households out of which 26.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.6% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 44.5% were non-families. 36.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.92. In the city, the population was spread out with 18.3% under the age of 18, 25.2% from 18 to 24, 21.0% from 25 to 44, 18.3% from 45 to 64, 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.4 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.0 males. The median income for a household in the city was $16,577, the median income for a family was $27,688. Males had a median income of $27,031 versus $16,667 for females; the per capita income for the city was $11,188. About 26.7% of families and 34.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.6% of those under age 18 and 14.7% of those age 65 or over. Jennings Randolph: US Senator for West Virginia Melvin Mayfield: US Army soldier and a recipient of the US military's highest decoration — the Medal of Honor — for his actions in World War II
Alderson, West Virginia
Alderson is a town in Greenbrier and Monroe counties in the U. S. state of West Virginia, on both sides of the Greenbrier River. The population was 1,184 at the 2010 census. Alderson is a community located along the Greenbrier River in Greenbrier County and Monroe County, incorporated in 1881. Alderson was settled in 1777 by "Elder" John Alderson, a frontier missionary for whom the town is named, who organized the first Baptist church in the Greenbrier Valley. In 1763, the nearby Muddy Creek settlements were destroyed by Shawnee Indians under Chief Cornstalk. Alderson is the location of the Federal Reformatory for Women, opened in 1927, the first federal prison for women. During the early 1900s, Alderson became a hub of higher education in the state, it was home to three separate institutions of higher education, including the Alderson Academy and Junior College, integrated into Alderson-Broaddus College in 1932. The Alexander McVeigh Miller House in Greenbrier County is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, as is Sunset Hill in Monroe County.
The Alderson Bridge and Alderson Historic District are located in both counties. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.95 square miles, of which 0.89 square miles is land and 0.06 square miles is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 1,184 people, 518 households, 315 families residing in the town; the population density was 1,330.3 inhabitants per square mile. There were 602 housing units at an average density of 676.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 91.0% White, 5.0% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 3.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.9% of the population. There were 518 households of which 26.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.2% were married couples living together, 14.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.8% had a male householder with no wife present, 39.2% were non-families. 31.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.83. The median age in the town was 42.8 years. 20.4% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the town was 51.1 % female. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,091 people, 481 households, 305 families residing in the town; the population density was 1,214.5 inhabitants per square mile. There were 586 housing units at an average density of 652.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 90.83% White, 6.60% African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 2.11% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.10% of the population. There were 481 households out of which 25.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.0% were married couples living together, 16.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.4% were non-families. 34.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.87.
In the town, the population was spread out with 23.8% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 22.9% from 25 to 44, 23.6% from 45 to 64, 21.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.4 males. The median income for a household in the town was $23,043, the median income for a family was $29,028. Males had a median income of $31,000 versus $20,938 for females; the per capita income for the town was $14,474. About 17.8% of families and 22.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.7% of those under age 18 and 9.6% of those age 65 or over. Amtrak, the national passenger rail service, provides request stop service to Alderson under the Cardinal route; the Federal Bureau of Prisons facility Federal Prison Camp, where media mogul Martha Stewart was imprisoned, is the largest employer in Alderson. A portion of FPC Alderson is located in unincorporated Monroe County, while the other portion of the prison lies in unincorporated Summers County.
The Alderson Federal Prison Camp is located on the spot on which the earliest settlers of the area chose to settle and called their settlement Baughman's Fort. Baughman's Fort was built in the 1750s and the settlement was destroyed by Native Americans shortly thereafter, though no factual evidence exists to support this theory. Few archaeological remains of the early fort remain after the building of the Federal Prison Camp in the early 20th century. Only notations in early journals refer to the location of the fort. Betty Alderson, married to a descendant of the original founders of Alderson, stated "every business profited" when Martha Stewart was incarcerated at Alderson and media attention was focused on the community. Residents planted bulbs into a garden, to be named "Martha's Garden." "Alderson has gained fame for its elaborate Fourth of July festivities, as much a fitting celebration of small-town America as it is an observance of the nation's holiday." It is among one of the oldest celebrations in the state.
It has one of the largest Fourth of July Celebration in West Virginia that attracts 15,000 people during the parade. It is unique by offering many family activities. Over a span six days, some of events include a fireman's rodeo, band shows, a car show, a parade, various races on the Greenbrier River, as well a
Huntington, West Virginia
Huntington is a city in Cabell and Wayne Counties in the U. S. state of West Virginia. It is the county seat of Cabell County, largest city in the Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH Metropolitan Statistical Area, sometimes referred to as the Tri-State Area. A historic and bustling city of commerce and heavy industry, Huntington has long-flourished due to its ideal location on the Ohio River at the mouth of the Guyandotte River, it is home to the Port of Huntington Tri-State, the second-busiest inland port in the United States. Surrounded by extensive natural resources, the industrial sector is based in coal, oil and steel, all of which support Huntington's diversified economy; the city is a vital rail-to-river transfer point for the marine transportation industry. It is considered a scenic locale in the western foothills of the Appalachian Mountains; this location was selected by Collis Potter Huntington as ideal for the western terminus of the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway, the predecessor of what would become CSX Transportation which still operates CSX Transportation-Huntington Division in the city to date.
The railroad founded Huntington as one of the nation's first planned communities to facilitate the railroad and other transportation-related industries at the railway's western terminus. Developing fast after the railroad's completion in 1871, the site was a collection of agricultural homesteads, is eponymously named for the railroad company's founder Collis Potter Huntington; the first identifiable permanent settlement, Holderby's Landing, was founded in 1775 in the Colony of Virginia. With the exception of the neighborhoods of Westmoreland and Spring Valley, most of the city is in Cabell County; as of the 2010 census, the metropolitan area is the largest in West Virginia. It spans seven counties across three states, with a population of 365,419. Huntington is the second-largest city in West Virginia, with a population of 49,138 at the 2010 census; the city is the home of Marshall University as well as the Huntington Museum of Art. S. Army Corps of Engineers; the largest employers are Marshall University, Cabell Huntington Hospital, St. Mary's Medical Center, CSX Transportation, the U.
S. Army Corps of Engineers, DirecTV, the City of Huntington. Huntington is in the southwestern corner of West Virginia, on the border with Ohio, on the southern bank of the Ohio River, at the confluence with the Guyandotte River; the city lies within the ecoregion of the Western Allegheny Plateau. Most of the city is in Cabell County. A portion of the city the neighborhood of Westmoreland, is in Wayne County. Huntington is divided into four main sections; the north/south divider is the CSX railroad tracks. Residents of Huntington are called "Huntingtonians." According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 18.46 square miles, of which 16.22 square miles is land and 2.24 square miles is water. The Guyandotte River joins the Ohio River about 5 miles east of downtown. Huntington fills the three-mile wide flood plain of the south bank of the Ohio River for eighty square blocks and portions of the hills to the immediate south and southeast. Huntington was founded on populated lands near Guyandotte as a C&O Railroad hub, on the southern bank of the Ohio River, at the confluence with the Guyandotte River.
The site is at the southwestern corner of West Virginia on the border with the state of Ohio and near the border of both states with Kentucky. Discounting the period of French ownership, the land, part of Guyandotte and Huntington was part of the 28,628-acre French and Indian War veteran's Savage Grant; the area of greater Huntington, although situated in a Southern state, was long considered a western city in what was the Colony of Virginia since the first permanent settlements were founded in 1775 in defiance of British injunctions against settlements west of the Alleghenies in the vicinity of Holderby's Landing. The old Federal Era town of Guyandotte was first built upon in 1799 by French settlers of the Ohio Valley, has homes dating back to 1820 and a graveyard containing 18th-century French and colonial-era settlers, including surnames such as LeTulle and Buffington. A farmer James Holderby purchased the lands in 1821 upon which much of Huntington now stands, why the area was known as Holderby's Landing prior to 1870-71 when it was incorporated and renamed.
The C&O purchased the area in 1870, by 1873 when the railroad connected Richmond to the Ohio, it had undergone a transition from a sleepy agricultural region with the nearby subscription Academy into a growing rail center poised to act as a spring board for a railroad to penetrate and connect the midwest with the eastern seaboard. The town of Guyandotte was absorbed in 1891. Modern day Huntington is divided into four main sections; the north/south divider is the CSX railroad tracks. A portion of the city the neighborhood of Westmoreland, is in Wayne County. Most of the city is in Cabell County. Huntington