H. C. Ørsted Power Station
H. C. Ørsted Power Station is a natural gas fired combined heat and power station located at Enghave Brygge, Sydhavnen in Copenhagen, Denmark. It is operated by Orsted, it is named after the discoverer of electromagnetism. Copenhagen's first three power stations, Gothersgade Power Station from 1892 and the Western and Easter Power Stations from 1898 and 1901, all operated by Københavns Belysningsvæsen, used direct current technology which required a location close to the consumers; the introduction of alternating current technology made it possible to build larger plants at less central locations and H. C. Ørsted Power Station, designed by Andreas Fussing, was built between 1916 and 1920 on Kalvebod Beach to the south of the city. The location by the sea and close to the Southern Harbour provided easy access to cooling water and coal-loading facilities. On its completion it became the largest power station in Denmark, a position it kept until 1940, it had enough capacity to supply all of the Copenhagen area with lighting, reducing the three existing power stations to back-up systems and transformer stations.
The power station was expanded and adapted in 1924 and again between 1930 and 1932 by Louis Hygom and Valdemar Schmidt. The 1932 expansion saw the installation of a gigantic Burmeister & Wain diesel engine which held the position as the world's largest diesel engine for about 30 years; this engine is still on the grounds operating as an exhibit for DieselHouse, an interactive exhibition museum. It is started up the first and third Sunday every month at 11 am and runs for 5 to 10 minutes. Coal remained the principal source of fuel until 1994 when it was converted into a natural gas-fired power station; the building is red-washed with blue chimneys. It has been designated as one of 25 Danish Industrial Heritage Site by the Danish Heritage Agency. Today the primary task of the power station is to supply district heating to the district-heating network of Greater Copenhagen, its capacity is 185 MW electricity and 815 MJ/s district heating. List of power stations in Denmark Orsted, official website
Fotografisk Center is an exhibition space in Copenhagen, dedicated to international and Danish photographic art. Since 1 February 2011 it has been based in the Tap E building in the Carlsberg area on the border between Vesterbro and Valby; the Fotografisk Centre was established in 1986 by the photographer Lars Schwander. It was based in the ground floor of Kunstforeningen's building on Gammel Strand When the building closed for a major refurbishment in mid-2008, the centre moved to a temporary address on Amaliegade. Faced with years of disturbance due the upcoming construction of a station on the new City Circle Line of the Copenhagen Metro, it was decided not to return to Gammel Strand after the renovation but instead to look for new and larger premises. On 1 February 2011 the gallery re-opened in Tap E, a former bottling plant in the Carlsberg area, Carlsberg's, under redevelopment into a new district and today houses a growing cluster of cultural institutions and businesses. A full range of fine art photography is shown, with equal emphasis on both classical and contemporary photography by international artists as well as Danes.
An annual exhibition presents the winners of the Fogtdal Photographers Awards. Over the years, exhibitions have presented the works of Manuel Alvarez Bravo, Gisèle Freund, Alfred Guzzetti, Josef Koudelka, Henri Lartique, Sally Mann, Duane Michals, Inge Morath, Georg Oddner, Yoko Ono, Man Ray, Viggo Rivad, Bruce Gilden and many more; the Fotografisk Center's exhibition activities include an annually recurrent exhibition entitled Young Danish Photography, presenting a selection of emerging photographers. The exhibitions are accompanied by the publication of a book; the Center includes a well stocked bookstore that specializes in photography. It features major international publications, limited edition artists books as well as many of its own publications. Fotografisk Center has established The Digital Room, a well equipped digital darkroom and workshop available to artists; the Fotografisk Center publications extend beyond catalogues for its exhibitions with titles such as Among Danish Jews and Marianne Engberg: Photographs, both for the Danish National Museum.
Photography in Denmark Official website
The Dipylon, or the Double Gate, is a landmark structure which spans Ny Carlsberg Vej in the Carlsberg area of Copenhagen, Denmark. Part of the now decommissioned Carlsberg Brewery site, it combines a double-arched gateway, from which it takes its name, with a clock tower; the name which means "double gate" in Greek, refers to a gateway in the north-west of ancient Athens. Designed by Vilhelm Dahlerup, the Dipylon structure was built in 1892, at a time when the Ny Carlsberg complex was still under redevelopment and far from finished; the gateway of the lower part marked the Vesterbro-side entrance to the Ny Carlsberg complex, complementing the Elephant Gate to the west which afforded access to the brewery from the Valby side. Above the gateway, the building contained two malting floors. Through two valves, one in each arch, malt mash could be poured into waiting wagons; the Dipylon building is built in red brick in the ornate Historicist style, typical both of the Carlsberg area in general and of Vilhelm Dahlerup's work.
The arches have granite rustication. Above them there is a diagonal pattern in red tiles. On the front side of the building, an integrated sign above the arches reads "Ny Carlsberg". Placed on the rear side of the structure, there is a plate, inscribed with a quotation from J. C. Jacobsen's will, adopted by Carl Jacobsen as a motto: In the brewery's operations, a constant goal, regardless of immediate gain, should be to develop the art of making beer to the greatest possible degree of perfection so that the brewery and its products may serve as a model and, by their example, assist in keeping beer brewing in this country at a high and honourable level. On the rear side of the gate building, a frieze consisting of nine tile paintings depicts various key figures in the construction and operation of brewery. In the centre stands Carl Jacobsen, flanked by his wife and his son Alf, the chosen heir but died in 1890 shortly before the building was completed; the other figures are Carl’s closest collaborators in building the brewery, Vilhelm Dahlerup and master builder S. P. Beckmann, representing the brewery’s employees, Professor Christian Grønlund, office manager R. Hesberg, chief inspector V. Henningsen, an ordinary brewery worker.
On the upper part of the building, there is a double-faced clock. Its roof-top bell is flanked by a group statue by Stephan Sinding. Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek Jesus Church, Valby Official website the Carlsberg area
Copenhagen is the capital and most populous city of Denmark. As of July 2018, the city has a population of 777,218, it forms the core of the wider urban area of the Copenhagen metropolitan area. Copenhagen is situated on the eastern coast of the island of Zealand; the Øresund Bridge connects the two cities by road. A Viking fishing village established in the 10th century in the vicinity of what is now Gammel Strand, Copenhagen became the capital of Denmark in the early 15th century. Beginning in the 17th century it consolidated its position as a regional centre of power with its institutions and armed forces. After suffering from the effects of plague and fire in the 18th century, the city underwent a period of redevelopment; this included construction of the prestigious district of Frederiksstaden and founding of such cultural institutions as the Royal Theatre and the Royal Academy of Fine Arts. After further disasters in the early 19th century when Horatio Nelson attacked the Dano-Norwegian fleet and bombarded the city, rebuilding during the Danish Golden Age brought a Neoclassical look to Copenhagen's architecture.
Following the Second World War, the Finger Plan fostered the development of housing and businesses along the five urban railway routes stretching out from the city centre. Since the turn of the 21st century, Copenhagen has seen strong urban and cultural development, facilitated by investment in its institutions and infrastructure; the city is the cultural and governmental centre of Denmark. Copenhagen's economy has seen rapid developments in the service sector through initiatives in information technology and clean technology. Since the completion of the Øresund Bridge, Copenhagen has become integrated with the Swedish province of Scania and its largest city, Malmö, forming the Øresund Region. With a number of bridges connecting the various districts, the cityscape is characterised by parks and waterfronts. Copenhagen's landmarks such as Tivoli Gardens, The Little Mermaid statue, the Amalienborg and Christiansborg palaces, Rosenborg Castle Gardens, Frederik's Church, many museums and nightclubs are significant tourist attractions.
The largest lake of Denmark, Arresø, lies around 27 miles northwest of the City Hall Square. Copenhagen is home to the University of Copenhagen, the Technical University of Denmark, Copenhagen Business School and the IT University of Copenhagen; the University of Copenhagen, founded in 1479, is the oldest university in Denmark. Copenhagen is home to the FC Brøndby football clubs; the annual Copenhagen Marathon was established in 1980. Copenhagen is one of the most bicycle-friendly cities in the world; the Copenhagen Metro launched in 2002 serves central Copenhagen while the Copenhagen S-train, the Lokaltog and the Coast Line network serves and connects central Copenhagen to outlying boroughs. To relieve traffic congestion, the Fehmarn Belt Fixed Link road and rail construction is planned, because the narrow 9-9.5 mile isthmus between Roskilde Fjord and Køge Bugt forms a traffic bottleneck. The Copenhagen-Ringsted Line will relieve traffic congestion in the corridor between Roskilde and Copenhagen.
Serving two million passengers a month, Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup, is the busiest airport in the Nordic countries. Copenhagen's name reflects its origin as a place of commerce; the original designation in Old Norse, from which Danish descends, was Kaupmannahǫfn, meaning "merchants' harbour". By the time Old Danish was spoken, the capital was called Køpmannæhafn, with the current name deriving from centuries of subsequent regular sound change. An exact English equivalent would be "chapman's haven". However, the English term for the city was adapted from Kopenhagen. Although the earliest historical records of Copenhagen are from the end of the 12th century, recent archaeological finds in connection with work on the city's metropolitan rail system revealed the remains of a large merchant's mansion near today's Kongens Nytorv from c. 1020. Excavations in Pilestræde have led to the discovery of a well from the late 12th century; the remains of an ancient church, with graves dating to the 11th century, have been unearthed near where Strøget meets Rådhuspladsen.
These finds indicate. Substantial discoveries of flint tools in the area provide evidence of human settlements dating to the Stone Age. Many historians believe the town dates to the late Viking Age, was founded by Sweyn I Forkbeard; the natural harbour and good herring stocks seem to have attracted fishermen and merchants to the area on a seasonal basis from the 11th century and more permanently in the 13th century. The first habitations were centred on Gammel Strand in the 11thcentury or earlier; the earliest written mention of the town was in the 12th century when Saxo Grammaticus in Gesta Danorum referred to it as Portus
Vestre Cemetery (Copenhagen)
Vestre Cemetery is located in a large park setting in the Kongens Enghave district of Copenhagen, Denmark. With its 54 hectares it is the largest cemetery in Denmark; the cemetery is landscaped and serves as an important open space, in which people take a stroll, look at the old graves and monuments. It is located southwest of the city center, between the Enghave, Sydhavn, Sjælør and Valby train stations on Copenhagen's S-train system, right next to the historic Carlsberg neighbourhood; the cemetery is one of five run by Copenhagen municipality. The other cemeteries are Assistens Cemetery, Brønshøj Cemetery, Sundby Cemetery, Bispebjerg Cemetery; the cemetery has a Catholic section, next to, a Jewish cemetery. Vestre Kirkegård was opened on 2 November 1870 to accommodate an urgent need for adequate burial places for the growing population of Copenhagen. Assistens Cemetery, till the main cemetery of the city, had long been unable to cope with the increasing number of burials. Hans Jørgen Holm, the resident architect for the Copenhagen Burial Services, in collaboration with landscape architect Edvard Glæsel and city engeneer Charles Ambt were responsible for the overall planning and landscaping of the new cemetery.
First a burial place for the poor, Vestre Kirkegaard became the principal burial place of Copenhagen during the 1990s. The cemetery is noted for its scenery, offers a maze of dense groves, open lawns, winding paths, overgrown tombs, tree-lined avenues and other garden features. Many graves have distinctive gravestones, sculptures or large mausoleums and are eclectically placed; the cemetery's grounds have a variety of trees with many rare species and is a haven to birds and small mammals. All the buildings in the grounds have been designed by Hans Jørgen Holm or Holger Jacobsen who succeeded him as resident architect for the Copenhagen Burial Services. Holm designed both the North Chapel and South Chapel as well as an office building the gate at the main entrance, it is unclear who were responsible for the design of the former inspector's house just inside the main entrance. The East Chapel was inaugurated in 1914 to a design by Holger Jacobsen but only remained in use until 1926; the Crossroads Project, designed by Schønher Landskab, is a landscape project centred on the remains of the West Chapel, now serving as a pavilion for contemplation.
It was created in 2003 after Copenhagen Municipality arranged a competition for the regeneration of an area characterized by the abandoned South Chapel of the cemetery and elm trees dead from Dutch elm disease. The complex is intended to serve a dual purpose both relating to the location's function as a burial place and as an open space and meeting place in the city, for those seeking peace and silence; the complex consists of two intersecting axes with the former Southern Chapel in its centre. The chapel was demolished, leaving only the central part as an open pavilion-like domed structure; the building is overgrown by ivy. The surrounding garden spaces of the two axes, creating a Greek cross, are confined by tall yew hedges and have a grass surface. Embedded in the lawns of the cross arms are narrow, rust coloured paths made of oxidized iron plates, flanked by rows by cherry trees. At the end of each cross arm is a 9 metre tall rust coloured iron arch; the design of the project is inspired by Bramante's Tempietto in Rome and the baroque gardens of Villa Gori in Siena.
The latter is characterized by the garden being contained in the two axes of the garden, instead of the axes being the connecting feature of the surrounding gardens as is the case. Just inside the main entrance is Arne Bang's bronze statue En Falden, installed in 1942 to commemorate the Danish soldiers that were killed when Denmark was occupied by Nazi Germany on 9 April 1940. In the North Chapel's courtyard garden are two reliefs by the artist Henrik Starcke and Resurrection, which were installed in 1949, they were a gift from the Albertina Foundation. Nineteen British former prisoners of war, homeward bound, died at Copenhagen around New Year 1919. Among them were a Canadian, an Indian and an Australian from Tasmania; each has a Commonwealth War Graves Commission headstone and a fine memorial, given by the Danes, was unveiled in their honour in 1920. In the Faroese section is a monument created by the painter Elof Risebye; the monument in the Greenlandic section 19 was designed by the sculptor Jan Buhl.
Among the notables interred at the cemetery are political and business leaders, philosophers and musicians: Carl Aller, founder of Aller Media Hans Niels Andersen, founder of East Asiatic Company Herman Bang, writer Vilhelm Buhl, political leader, Social Democrat Prime Minister of Denmark Anne Marie Carl-Nielsen, sculptor Emmy Drachmann, novelist Edvard Eriksen, most famous for the statue of the Little Mermaid Jørgen Pedersen Gram, mathematician Gustav Adolph Hagemann and businessman Vilhelm Hammershøi, painter Hans Christian Hansen, political leader, Social Democrat Prime Minister Hans Hedtoft, political leader, Social Democrat Per Hækkerup, political leader, Social Democrat August Jerndorff, painter Thad Jones, American jazz trumpeter Viggo Kampmann, political leader, Social Democrat Prime Minister Asta Nielsen, film actress Dagmar Olrik, artist Carl Nielsen, composer Jens Otto Krag, political leader, Social Democr
Det Ny Teater
Det Ny Teater is an established theatre in Copenhagen, first opened in 1908. It is based in a building which spans a passage between Vesterbrogade and Gammel Kongevej in Copenhagen's theatre district on the border between Vesterbro and Frederiksberg. With more than 12,000 m2 it is one of Denmark's largest theaters, it has two stages, the main auditorium which seats more than 1,000 and Sceneriet, a smaller theatre established in the cellar in 1994. The site of the theatre a worn down apartment block, was in the spring of 1902 acquired by a development company, which had plans to build a large theatre and in the same time to open a passage between Gammel Kongevej and the new Vesterbro Passage, now part of Vesterbrogade, the backbone in a westward expansion of Copenhagen's city centre. Bona engaged Viggo Lindstrøm in the project as artistic consultant, he had been resident actor and director at Folketeatret but resigned after a fashionable controversy with its director, in 1906 the company applied the Ministry of Justice for a license for the theatre's operation.
The application was rejected by Peter Adler Alberti, the minister of Justice due to a link with Folketeatret's director, but after personal intervention from King Frederik, the license was granted. In March 1907, Bona commissioned the architect Lorenz Gudme to draw up a project, he had worked for Ove Petersen, responsible for both the Royal Theatre, in collaboration with Vilhelm Dahlerup, the Dagmar Theatre. His proposal was accepted and the fundaments were laid on 14 August 1907. Shortly after construction start, a disagreement occurred between Bona and Gudme, fired from the project, instead completed by Ludvig Andersen; when the theatre was inaugurated on 19 September 1908 it was the second largest theatre in the country and the construction price had been approx. DKK 1,200,000 and DKK 600,000 for the site. Lindstrøm, the theatre's first director, had declared himself willing to set up everything at his new theatre, the second largest in Copenhagen, but the opening performance, Pierre Berton's Den skønne Marseillanerinde, an extravaganza about Napoleon with a young cast featuring such stars as Poul Reumert, Asta Nielsen and Clara Wieth, became exemplar of the repertoire during the first three decades.
Lindstrøm himself left the theatre after just three years due to an insignificant debts. He was succeeded in the post by the actor Ivar Schmidt who held the post from 1911 to 1937, accompanied by actors such as Else-Marie, Berthe Qvistgaard, Ellen Gottschalch, Ib Schønberg and Osvald Helmuth; the director from 1944 to 1966 was Peer Gregaard and he changed the repertoire from with a combination of classics and contemporary Danish and European drama. During this era, Det Ny Teater came to challenge the Royal Danish Theatre as the leading theatrical stage in Denmark. In the 1960s it became evident; the writer Knud Poulsen was appointed director in 1969 and by 1971 the theatre faced closure but was saved when the county and Ministry of Culture stepped in and compensated for reduced ticket prices. This marked the beginning of a crisis for the theatre which reflected the general adversities for the industry and, in 1976, led to the introduction of a general regime for subsidizing theatrical productions.
In 1991, when the theatre, by in a poor state of neglect, lost its support, it had to close indefinitely. The owners succeeded in raising funds for a thorough renovation. Bent Mejding was the driving force behind the restoration of the theater, which he and Niels-Bo Valbro reopened as a venue for operetta and musicals with a production of Die Fledermaus in 1994. Since the theatre has produced a number of large productions, the most successful of which and audience-wise, has been Phantom of the Opera, which ran from 2000 to 2002; the theatre building spans a passage between Vesterbrogade and Gammel Kongevej and has a facade front on both sides. The complex includes the surrounding buildings; the theatre is loosely modelled on the Paris Opera, but is built in a mixture of styles, combining elements such as classical trompe-l'œil effects and Greek capitals side by side with art deco features. Built in reinforced concrete, it was the first building in Denmark to use the Hennebique system, due to added strength, allowed the theatre to be the first in Denmark to have balconies without supporting pillars.
The theatre was the first in Denmark to feature a revolving stage. Other state-of-the-art features were an advanced sprinkler system in case of fire on stage, showers installed for the actors on every floor. For the audience there were comfortable family boxes, an elegant marble staircase and a large inviting foyer; the renovation in 1994 received the Europa Nostra award from the European Union. Since the renovation, the theatre has two stages; the large auditorium seats app. 1,000 while the small one, built in the cellar in connection with the 1994 renovation, seats an audience of 250 to 300. The main repertoire is still musicals; the theatre plays host to a variety of other events and is available on hire. Culture of Denmark Official website
Albert Jensen was a Danish architect. He collaborated with Ferdinand Meldahl on several projects, including the completion of Marble Church in Copenhagen and Charlottenborg Exhibition Hall, he designed the Magasin du Nord department store on Kongens Nytorv. Albert Jensen was born in the son of merchant Anders Jensen and Anne née Jørgensen. After his confirmation, he was sent to Copenhagen where he graduated from the Technical Institute in 1863, he was accepted into the Architecture School of the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts in October 1864 from where he graduated in 1879. He won the Academy's small gold medal in 1874 and its large gold medal in 1876; the latter was accompanied by a travel scholarship. After his graduation from the Academy, Jensen worked for Johan Henrik Nebelong and Ferdinand Meldahl and Ludvig Fenger, his first important works were the completion of the Frederik's Church and Charlottenborg's new Exhibition Hall in collaboration with Meldahl. Under Meldahl's supervision, he served as executing architect on the Russian Alexander Nevsky Church according to a design by the Russian architect David Grimm.
Jensen and Meldahl collaborated on the rebuilding of Trolleholm and Trollenäs manors in Scania. Works include the Magasin du Nord department store on Kongens Nytorv. Jensen was an assistant at the Academy's school of architecture from 1879 until 1899, he became a member of the Academy in 1883 and of its governing body from 1890 until 1911. He was Royal Building Inspector from 1902 until 1912, he was chairman of the Architects' Association of Denmark and instrumental in the foundation of its magazine Arkitekten. Albert Jensen married Caroline Sophie Nebelong, daughter of Niels Sigfred Nebelong, on 28 November 1874 in Copenhagen, their son, Ole Falkentorp, was an architect. Frederik's Church, Copenhagen Charlottenborg Exhibition Hall, Copenhagen Trolleholm Castle, Sweden Trollenäs Castle, Sweden Niels Brock School, 18 Sankt Annæ Plads/1-3 Ny Toldbodgade DFDS Head Office, 26-28 Sankt Annæ Plads/7 Kvæsthusgade Frilagerbygningen, Nordre Toldbod Magasin du Nord, Kongens Nytorv, Copenhagen 9B Vesterbrogade, Copenhagen Westend, Vesterbrogade 65-67, Copenhagen Posthus i Charlottenlund New school building, Nykøbing Cathedral School i Nykøbing Falster Grøndalshuset, Charlottenlund Skov G. A. Hagemanns Kollegium, 10 Kristianiagade, København