The Western Athletic Conference is an American collegiate athletic conference formed on July 27, 1962, affiliated with the National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I. The WAC covers a broad expanse of the western United States, with member institutions located in Arizona, New Mexico and Washington, along with the "non-western" states of Missouri and Illinois, as well as Texas. Due to most of the conference's football-playing members leaving the WAC for other affiliations, the conference discontinued football as a sponsored sport after the 2012–13 season and left the NCAA's Football Bowl Subdivision; the WAC thus became the first Division I conference to drop football since the Big West in 2000. The WAC added men's soccer and became one of the NCAA's eleven Division I non-football conferences; the following institutions are the full members of the Western Athletic Conference. NotesWith the elimination of football as a WAC-sponsored sport, New Mexico State's football program is an FBS Independent member.
The founding date for UTRGV listed in this table reflects that of Edinburg College, the institution that became UTRGV. Chicago State's continued membership is problematic. Considering the school's current strained financial situation and the needs of the athletic program, in April 2016, the University Budget Committee recommended that the Athletic Department "... study the benefits of being Division I or another division." Championships title totals are through Spring 2016. California State University, Bakersfield will be leaving for the Big West Conference in 2020; the University of Missouri–Kansas City will be leaving to return to the Summit League in 2020. The WAC has announced two schools as future members: The following 10 schools field programs in the WAC for sports not sponsored by their primary conferences. NotesFour schools became affiliate members in men's soccer in July 2013; because the conference dropped football, it was necessary to add a new men's team sport to maintain its Division I status.
It chose men's soccer because three of the confirmed members for 2013–14 sponsored the sport, filled out its soccer ranks by attracting four schools from the Mountain Pacific Sports Federation. Three of these schools have past WAC connections—former full members Air Force, UNLV and San Jose State. After the WAC announced it would add men's soccer, the conference gained an eighth soccer school for the 2013 season when UMKC, which sponsored the sport, joined. In addition, Utah Valley added the sport for 2014, UT-Pan American added it for 2015, Chicago State is slated to add it for 2016. Four schools became affiliate members in men's swimming and diving in July 2013. Northern Colorado joined the WAC for baseball for the 2014 season. Sacramento State was an associate member of the WAC in baseball from 1992–93 to 1995–96. Championships title totals are through Fall 2014; the WAC has 27 former full members. Full members Full members Other conference Other conference Associate Member Prior to the 1996–97 season, both Air Force and Hawaii had most to all of their women's sports competing in other conferences before joining the WAC full-time with their men's sports counterparts.
At that time, Air Force was in the Colorado Athletic Conference, Hawaii was in the Big West Conference. The WAC formed out of a series of talks between Brigham Young University athletic director Eddie Kimball and other university administrators from 1958 to 1961 to form a new athletic conference that would better fit the needs and situations of certain universities which were at the time members of the Border and Pacific Coast Conferences. Potential member universities who were represented at the meetings included BYU, Washington State, Oregon State, New Mexico, Arizona State, Wyoming. While the three Washington and Oregon schools elected to stay in a revamped Pac-8 Conference that replaced the scandal-plagued PCC, the remaining six schools formed the WAC; the Border and Skyline conferences, having each lost three of their stronger members, dissolved at the end of the 1961–62 season. The charter members of the WAC were Arizona, Arizona State, BYU, New Mexico and Wyoming. New Mexico State and Utah State were turned down.
The conference proved to be an perfect fit for the six schools from both a competitive and financial standpoint. Arizona and Arizona State, in particular, experienced success in baseball with Arizona garnering the 1963 College World Series runner-up trophy and ASU winning the CWS in 1965, 1967, 1969. Colorado State and Texas-El Paso, at that time just renamed from Texas Western College, were accepted in September 1967 to bring membership up to eight. With massive growth in the state of Arizona, the balance of WAC play in the 1970s became skewed in favor of the Arizona schools, who won or tied for all but two WAC football titles from 1969 onward. In the summer of 1978, the two schools left the WAC for the Pac-8, which became the Pac-10, were replaced in the WAC by San Diego State and, one year Hawaii; the WAC further expanded by adding Air Forc
The pterygoid canal is a passage in the sphenoid bone of the skull leading from just anterior to the foramen lacerum in the middle cranial fossa to the pterygopalatine fossa. The pterygoid canal runs through the medial pterygoid plate of the sphenoid bone to the back wall of the pterygopalatine fossa, it transmits the nerve of pterygoid canal, the artery of the pterygoid canal, the vein of the pterygoid canal. Anatomy figure: 22:4b-08 at Human Anatomy Online, SUNY Downstate Medical Center cranialnerves at The Anatomy Lesson by Wesley Norman
Revenue Retrievin': Graveyard Shift is the fourteenth studio album of the American rapper E-40, it was released on March 29, 2011 along with his thirteenth album, Revenue Retrievin': Overtime Shift, the same way that he released his eleventh and twelfth albums. The album has 20 tracks, the featured guests include T-Pain, Tech N9ne, Bun B, Slim Thug and Turf Talk, among others. "She Smashed the Homie" was released as promotional single for the album. The song features Snoop Dogg and Ray J. A music video for "Concrete" was released on April 6, 2011 and one for "That Candy Paint" featuring Bun B and Slim Thug was released on May 15. Revenue Retrievin': Graveyard Shift debuted at number 40 on the US Billboard 200, with 44,000 units sold in the first week. Cousin Fik and Laroo T. H. H. are not credited on "Barbarian" Laroo T. H. H. is not credited on "Spooky" Decadez is not credited on "The Streets Don't Love Nobody"Sample credits"43" – Contains a sample of "Who Do You Believe In" by Scarface "That Candy Paint" – Contains a sample of "You're Everything" by Bun B featuring Rick Ross, David Banner & 8Ball & MJG
Potentilla drummondii is a species of cinquefoil known by the common name Drummond's cinquefoil. It is native to North America from Alaska to California, where it grows in many types of moist habitat, it is better described as a species complex containing many intergrading subspecies that hybridize with other Potentilla species. The plant is variable, growing decumbent or erect and tufted or up to 60 centimeters tall, hairless to woolly; the leaves are divided into several leaflets, which may be toothed. The inflorescence is a cyme of several flowers; each has a small corolla of each petal one half to one centimeter in length. Jepson Manual Treatment Washington Burke Museum Photo gallery Photo gallery: ssp. breweri
The Unforgiving Wind is an Adventure novel by English author John Harris, first published in 1963 by Hutchinson. The novel is about his men across the Arctic; the men are stranded at extreme temperature with their commander radio damaged. The novel depicts the struggle the protagonist Tom Fife has to go through to arrange a rescue operation when they are believed dead; the novel is described by The Daily Telegraph as "A master of the gripping adventure yarn" The novel is about the disastrous expedition of Commander Adams who dies suddenly. This novel follows the misfortunes of his men across the Arctic. Whatever can go wrong does go wrong as transport, instruments and sanity begin to fail; the team seem irretrievably lost in the dark Arctic winter and half-starving when they find a base. Only one man can rescue them, the truculent Tom Fife who must respond to the faint radio signals coming from the Arctic shores. A powerful and disturbing novel, this story aims to take your breath away. An expedition is planned by Commander Adams across the Arctic.
While in the Arctic, a storm wreaks havoc in the expedition. Most of the equipment including the radio is damaged; the team is able to find a base to stay with limited supplies. Storm, ice, subzero temperatures all make living difficult; the team has to winter in the base with limited supplies. The winter is one long night, 6 months long. Rescuers were not able to reach them because of ice formed in the sea during winter. Since the team lost contact everybody in mainland believes them to be dead because nobody will be able to survive a winter in the Arctic unsheltered; the team manages to survive because they were able to find a shelter, however they are half starved and health and sanity is on the fall. The team believes Tom Fife will come with a search party to rescue them, however this is next to impossible for Tom Fife because everybody believes that all the team are dead, he is the only one. He has to undertake tremendous personal strain, including losing his job, to force people to undertake the rescue mission.
There is only a small window to do this rescue, as the ice will solidify making rescue impossible after summer. The team will not be able to survive another winter in the Arctic. 1963, UK, Hutchinson ASIN B001EOH50Y, 1 January 1963, Hardcover 1963, UK, Hutchinson ASIN B0000CLV9F, 1963, Unknown binding 1964, W. Sloane Associates ASIN: B0007E0EVO, 1964 2001, House of Stratus ISBN 978-0-7551-0227-3, 31 Jul 2001, Paperback amazon.com article about the current edition. Original book at antiqbook.co.uk Cover image at fantasticfiction
Pedro Álvares Ribeiro do Carmo Pacheco, known as Pedro Pacheco, is a Portuguese civil engineer and professor of bridges at FEUP, who co-founded BERD, one of the most respectable bridge engineering companies. Pacheco is the mentor of the organic prestressing system concept, based on the human muscle, used in bridge engineering worldwide, he is responsible for the project of more than 500,000 m2 of bridge and building structures, project revision of several buildings of relevant importance. He was involved as Project Manager/Consultant or Project Reviewer in Major Projects as Braga Municipal Stadium, Ponte Infante D. Henrique, Casa da Música, before 2004. After 2004 involved in several Bridges Projects, Worwilde, he is a member of GPBE, IABSE. Pacheco was born in Porto, a city known for its wine, its architecture and Eiffel Bridge, the last one inspired him to pursue his formation, he started his education in Garcia da Horta High School, he studied Civil Engineering at FEUP where, after he graduated in 1991, he achieved the Msc Degree in 1994 and the PhD Degree in 1999, all of them with distinction.
After his graduation, in 1991, he became a Partner of AFAssociados. In that project, Pacheco was involved in several structures projects, which included buildings and viaducts, he was the main responsible for more than 500.000 m2 of projects of different types. He was responsible for preliminary design study of Braga Municipal Stadium and was involved in the constructive methods studies of Ponte Infante D. Henrique, he was a design checker of Porto's Casa da Música in Porto and project manager of several structures such as Vodafone Headquarters in Lisbon. In 2000, Pacheco was invited to be Professor of Bridges in FEUP and after that, Member of the Construction Studies Center, in 2001; that was the result of his performance and unwearying searches for new challenges. During his lessons and studies, he intensified his knowledge, getting involved with several innovative programs, taking the opportunity to attend on seminars and conferences in Europe, North America and South America. In 2003 he completed the concept that he had been developing in his research, the OPS Concept, in 2004 he registered the latest discovery, now known as OPS.
In 2006, Pacheco co-founded BERD, to connect that future innovations to the World. Pacheco was co-founder of BERD, where he is, President & CEO; this organization researches and applies state-of-the-art solutions to bridge construction methods. Founded in 2006, BERD explores the potential of OPS and has a professional multi-disciplinary research and development team; the company is involved in several projects in Brazil, United States of America, Colombia, México, Turquia and South Korea in the construction of several bridges in Spain, Czech Republic, Slovakia and Brazil. BERD is one of the world top five companies in bridge engineering and construction methods."Their innovative machines and their technology combining active control on launching gantries have pushed the limits of the industrialized bridge construction to values unimaginable until recent years ago." Javier Manterola Bridge engineering and construction methods solutions Bridge over Sousa River, Portugal Bridge over Cabriel River, Spain Sokolov-Tisova Viaduct, Czech Republic Viaduct over Hostovsky Creek Valley, Slovakia Opatovice Canal, Czech Republic Viaduct over Corgo River Valley, Portugal Rodoanel Leste Viaducts, São Paulo, Brazil Laguna Bridge, Santa Catarina, Brazil 1993 - "Solutions of Nature for Structural Problems", MSC Thesis, FEUP 1999 - "Organic Prestressing – An Example of an Effector System", PhD Thesis, FEUP 2002 - Pacheco, P..
- "Organic Prestressing", in "Journal of Structural Engineering", American Society of Civil Engineers, pp 400–405, March 2002 2002 - Pacheco, P.. "Organic Prestressing - An Example of an Effector System", in "Structural Concrete", FIB Journal, Vol. 3, Number 2, pp 107, June 2002. 2004 - "Auto-adjustable Prestressing", Patent PCT, pct/pt2004/000011, WO2004/109018 2006 - A. André, P. Pacheco, A. Adão da Fonseca – "Experimental study of a launching gantry reduced scale model strengthened with organic prestressing", Structural Engineering International, Volume 16, pp 49–52 2007 - P. Pacheco, A. Guerra, P. Borges, H. Coelho, "A scaffolding system strengthened with organic prestressing – the first of a new generation of structures", Structural Engineering International, Vol.17, nr.4, pg. 314-321 2007 - P. Pacheco, A. Guerra, P. Borges, H. Coelho, "OPS – a new technology in Bridge Engineering – Overview, "Inżynieria i Budownictwo", Nr. 10/2007, pp. 520-524. 2009 – P. Pacheco, A. Adão da Fonseca, A. Resende, R. Campos, "Sustainability in bridge construction processes".
2010 – P. Pacheco, A. André, P. Borges, T. Oliveira, "Automation robustness of scaffolding systems strengthened with organic prestressing", Automation in Construction, Elsevier, V