Tabulam is a rural village in the far north-east of New South Wales, Australia,800 kilometres from the state capital, Sydney. Tabulam is located on the Bruxner Highway between Tenterfield and Casino and on the Clarence River, according to the 2006 Census, there were 573 people living in Tabulam. Tabulam is locally administered by Kyogle Council, the name Tabulam is derived from Bundjalung Dahbalam. Originally and the farm and bushland was inhabited by Bundjalung Aborigines of which many still inhabit the town. The land was first settled by Europeans in 1839 and it is the birthplace of Lieutenant General Sir Harry Chauvel of the Australian Light Horse. During World War II tank traps were built in the area near Paddys Flat, more of the tank traps became visible after flooding of the Clarence River in 2011. Tabulam has a large Indigenous population with a number of Indigenous villages surrounding the local area, the main one being Jubullum Village which is the home to the Tabulum Turtle Divers rugby team.
This village is located on the Rocky River and has around 130-150 people, local cultural leaders and artists live in this village and a team of locals maintains the lawns and houses. Tabulam has a number of recreational activities, Tabulam Golf Course is located near the Clarence river at Tabulam. It is a 9 hole bush-land course, the course is maintained by volunteers. It is open to the public, Tabulam hosts an annual Spring Racing Carnival, occurring each year on the Saturday following the Melbourne Cup. The Tabulam racecourse is managed by the Tabulam Jockey Club, the Tabulam Races are held at the local racetrack, located approximately 1 km south of the township, on the bank of the Clarence River. The 5 race carnival culminates with the Tabulam Cup, a 2220m race, white-water rafting, fishing and other nature activities are available at the town. A local company offers weekend or single day river adventures, with guides, media related to Tabulam, New South Wales at Wikimedia Commons Northern Rivers Geology - Tabulam Tabulam travel guide from Wikivoyage
The Koori People are Indigenous Australians of New South Wales and Victoria. This is their preferred term, expressing pride in their heritage, the word Koori is from Awabakal language gurri, It is an Indigenous Australian language that was spoken in the area of what is today Newcastle. A Koori Court is a division of the Magistrates court in Victoria, Koori Radio is a community radio station based in Redfern broadcasting to Sydney on a city-wide licence. It is part of the Gadigal Information Service and is the radio station in Sydney providing full-time broadcasting to the Aboriginal. Koori Mail is a national Indigenous newspaper based in Lismore, New South Wales, the NSW Koori Rugby League Knockout is one of the largest gatherings of Indigenous people in Australia. A modern-day corroboree for the Koori people of NSW, it has been held annually over the October long weekend since 1971
Kyogle Council is a local government area in the Northern Rivers region of New South Wales, Australia. Kyogle Council comprises a large and diverse region with natural attributes, including the Border Ranges National Park and other heritage listed areas. The Mayor of Kyogle Council is Clr, at the 2011 census, there were 9,228 people in the Kyogle local government area, of these 50.3 per cent were male and 49.7 per cent were female. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 5.3 per cent of the population, the median age of people in the Kyogle Council area was 45 years, which was significantly higher than the national median of 37 years. Children aged 0 –14 years made up 19.1 per cent of the population and people aged 65 years, of people in the area aged 15 years and over,46.6 per cent were married and 15.1 per cent were either divorced or separated. Population growth in the Kyogle Council area between the 2001 census and the 2006 census was 1.06 per cent, and in the subsequent five years to the 2011 census, the median weekly income for residents within the Kyogle Council area was significantly lower than the national average.
At the 2011 census, the proportion of residents in the Kyogle local government area who stated their ancestry as Australian or Anglo-Saxon exceeded 85 per cent of all residents. In excess of 23 per cent of all residents in the Kyogle Council at the 2011 census nominated no religious affiliation, affiliation with Christianity was 55 per cent, which was slightly higher than the national average of 50.2 per cent. Kyogle Council is composed of nine Councillors elected proportionally as three separate wards, each electing three Councillors, the Councillors are elected for a fixed four-year term of office. The Mayor is elected by the Councillors at the first meeting of the Council
Aboriginal Australians are legally defined as people who are members of the Aboriginal race of Australia. Until the 1980s, the legal and administrative criterion for inclusion in this category was race. In the era of colonial and post-colonial government, access to human rights depended upon your race. If you were a full blooded Aboriginal native, the Constitution of Australia, in its original form as of 1901, referred to Aboriginals twice, but without definition. Section 51 gave the Commonwealth parliament power to legislate with respect to the people of any throughout the Commonwealth. The purpose of this provision was to give the Commonwealth power to regulate non-white immigrant workers, the only other reference, Section 127, provided simply that aboriginal natives shall not be counted in reckoning the size of the population of the Commonwealth or any part of it. The purpose of section 127 was to prevent the inclusion of Aboriginal people in section 24 determinations of the distribution of House of Representatives seats amongst the states and territories, after both of these references were removed by the 1967 referendum, the Australian Constitution had no references to Aboriginals.
Since that time, there have been a number of proposals to amend the constitution to specifically mention Indigenous Australians, the change to Section 51 gave the Commonwealth parliament the power to make laws specifically with respect to Aboriginal peoples as a race. The case concerned an application of legislation that would preserve cultural heritage of Aboriginal Tasmanians and it was held that Aboriginal Australians and Torres Strait Islanders, together or separately, and any part of either, could be regarded as a race for this purpose. As to the criteria for identifying a person as a member of such a race, Deane said, It is unnecessary, for the purposes of the present case, to consider the meaning to be given to the phrase people of any race in s.51. Plainly, the words have a wide and non-technical meaning, the phrase is, in my view, apposite to refer to all Australian Aboriginals collectively. Any doubt, which might otherwise exist in regard, is removed by reference to the wording of par.
The phrase is apposite to refer to any identifiable racial sub-group among Australian Aboriginals, while Deanes three-part definition reaches beyond the biological criterion to individuals self-identification, it has been criticised as continuing to accept the biological criterion as primary. It has been difficult to apply, both in each of its parts and as to the relations among the parts, biological descent has been a fall-back criterion. If it is to be used to refer to us as a group of people. This has just really crept up on us and we are very happy with our involvement with indigenous people around the world, on the international forum because theyre our brothers and sisters. But we do object to it being used here in Australia and her lecture offered a new perspective on the terms urban, traditional and of Indigenous descent as used to define and categorise Aboriginal Australians. She said, Not only are these categories inappropriate, they serve to divide us, governments insistence on categorising us with modern words like urban, traditional and of Aboriginal descent are really only replacing old terms half-caste and full-blood – based on our colouring
Bald Rock National Park
Bald Rock National Park is a national park in northern New South Wales, just north of Tenterfield on the Queensland border. The border passes over the rock on the Western side, on the other side of the border national park continues as the Girraween National Park. The park is named after its most prominent feature, Bald Rock, measuring about 750 metres long and 500 metres wide this is the largest granite monolith in Australia. Access to the rock is provided by a road into the park. Two tracks are marked, a one up the exposed face. The Bungoona Walking Track, built in 1980, goes more gently up the side of Bald Rock. It passes through some beautiful granite boulder formations, including an arch, covered in mosses, the summit offers panoramic views of the surrounding bushland, but vegetation on top prevents a full 360° view. This regolith has created a landscape with many exposed inselbergs of granite rocks, some balancing on top of each other, just off the main road from Tenterfield to the park is Thunderbolts Hideout, a set of caves and overhanging granite rocks.
It was thought to have used by bushranger Captain Thunderbolt. A little further along the road are some historic World War II tank traps. Protected areas of New South Wales Bald Rock National Park at the NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service Captain Thunderbolts Hideout at NSW Schools Country Area Program
Aboriginal History is an annual peer-reviewed academic journal published as an open access journal by Aboriginal History Inc. The Journal has been described as, a flagship of the field of Australian Aboriginal history. The journals scope includes the areas of Australian Indigenous history and oral histories, biographies, bibliographic guides, a focus on cultural and economic history is complemented by critiques of current events of relevance to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander culture and society. The journal is co-published by ANU Press, an open access academic publisher located at the Australian National University in Canberra, the journal is fully accessible online from the ANU Press website. Aboriginal History Inc. the journals publisher, publishes monographs on a range of topics in Aboriginal. Since 2006 the monographs have been available through the website of open access co-publisher, official website Open access to journal through co-publisher ANU Press Open access to monographs through co-publisher ANU Press
The Kamilaroi is one of the four largest indigenous nations in Australia. The Kamilaroi language is classified in the Pama–Nyungan family of Australian languages, the Kamilaroi Highway, Sydney Ferries Limiteds vehicular ferry Kamilaroi, and a cultivar of Durum wheat have all been named after the Kamilaroi people. The language is no longer spoken, though parts have bneen reconstructed by late field work. Robert M. W. Dixon and his student Peter Austin recorded some around Moree, while Corinne Williams wrote a thesis on the Yuwaaliyaay dialect spoken at Walgett, the Gamilaroi were hunters and gatherers with a band-level social organization. Important vegetable foods were yams and other roots, as well as a sterculia grain, insect larvae and eggs of several different animals were gathered. Various birds, emus, possums, dingo pups were regarded as a delicacy. Fish were consumed, as were crayfish, men typically hunted and prepared the game for cooking. Women did the cooking, in addition to fishing and gathering.
Individual Kamilaroi did not eat animals that were their totems, the Gamilaroi or Gomilaroi from the word Kamil or Gamil meaning no, are a large nation of Aborigines consisting of many tribes. The Gamilaroi are the second largest Aboriginal nation on the side of Australia. The nation was made up of smaller family groups who had their own parcels of land to sustain them. One of the great Kings of this tribe was Red Chief, the last link with tribal law and custom in Mungindi would be the forebear of the present Cubby family, who was the last known Respected Elder in the tribe. The Kamilaroi were regarded as fierce warriors and there is evidence of intertribal warfare. The Northern Gamilaroi people have a cultural connection with the Bigambul people. Kamilaroi tradition includes Baiame, the ancestor or patron god, the Baiame story tells how Baiame came down from the sky to the land, and created rivers and forests. He gave the people their laws of life, songs and he created the first initiation site.
This is known as a bora, a place where boys were initiated into manhood, when he had finished, he returned to the sky, and people called him the Sky Hero or All Father or Sky Father. He is said to be married to Birrahgnooloo, who is identified as an emu
Himberrong is a clan of the Anēwan Aboriginal tribe of what is now known as the New England Tablelands region in northeast New South Wales. The territory of the Himberrong clan stretches from the Moonbi Range in the west, past Yarrowitch and Kunderang in the east, border disputes over the Moonbi Range were common between the Himberrong and a clan of the Gamilaraay. The main camp of the Himberrong was on the bank of the Muluerindie/Macdonald River about two miles upriver from where the 140-acre Inglebah Aboriginal Reserve now stands. Inglebah is the Anaiwan word for whirlpools of crayfish, the swamps, traditionally Aboriginal people camped around Inglebah for fishing and ceremonial activities. Inglebah was favored because it was a sheltered, secure camping spot nestled between hills and the banks of the MacDonald River. It has a permanent water supply from the springs in the area, an elicitation of Anaiwan words was recorded on tape by Harry Wright in 1963 as they were spoken by tribesmen coming into Armidale from Inglebah.
At the time of first contact, the Himberrong clan numbered around 600, two Himberrong men by the names of Bungaree and Yarry were the first of their clan to encounter colonists in the early 1800s. On returning from their trips, the clan would have a great corroboree. In the late 1800s, colonists used explosives to massacre the Himberrong clan at their main camp