The Westfield River is a major tributary of the Connecticut River located in the Berkshires and Pioneer Valley regions of western Massachusetts. With four major tributary branches that converge west of the city of Westfield, it flows 78.1 miles before its confluence with the Connecticut River at Agawam, across from the city of Springfield's Metro Center district. Known for its whitewater rapids and scenic beauty, the Westfield River provides over 50 miles of whitewater canoeing and kayaking, in addition to one of the largest roadless wilderness areas remaining in the Commonwealth; the Westfield River is the Connecticut River's longest tributary in Massachusetts, although the Chicopee River's basin is much larger, contributes more water to the Connecticut. The Connecticut's northern tributary, the Deerfield River, is nearly as long as the Westfield—only 2.1 miles shorter than the Westfield. During the mid-20th century, the Westfield River was so polluted that it would change color based on the nature of the contaminant.
Today, the river is clean enough for swimming. It is a state and locally managed river featuring native trout fishing and rugged mountain scenery in the context of a historical mill town settlement. On its initial discovery by Massachusetts Bay Colony explorers John Cable and John Woodcock in 1635, the area stretching from the Westfield River's confluence with the Connecticut River to Westfield itself—which, the next year, would all be encompassed in the settlement that came to be known as Springfield—was named the "Agawam River", after the name of the Native American people occupying the area. Historical literature refers to Springfield as sitting at the confluence of the Connecticut River with the western Agawam River and eastern Chicopee River; this "Agawam River" is now known as the Westfield River, should not be confused with the Agawam River in southeastern Massachusetts, named in tribute to Springfield's peaceful Natives. The Westfield River runs for a total of 78.1 miles. Rising in the Berkshire Hills region of Massachusetts, it flows southeastwardly to join the Connecticut River at Agawam—directly across from Springfield's Metro Center.
The Westfield River has a 497-square-mile drainage area that includes three named branches, which join in Huntington to form the Westfield River's main stem, which flows through Russell into Westfield. The branches are the North Branch, which rises in the town of Savoy and flows southeast through Windsor and Chesterfield; the three branches converge in the town of Huntington: the Middle and North Branch merge near the hamlet of Goss Heights, 2 miles north of their junction with the West Branch at Huntington village. From Huntington, the main stem of the Westfield River flows through Russell and Westfield forms the boundary between West Springfield and Agawam before ending at the Connecticut River; every April, the Westfield River in Huntington is the home of the Westfield River Whitewater Races, the oldest continuously run whitewater race in the United States. Portions of the river's watershed have been designated the Westfield Creek Wild and Scenic River, form part of the National Wild and Scenic Rivers System.
Westfield River Watershed Association The Westfield River Watershed Open Space and Recreation Plan Pioneer Valley Planning Commission, 2003. USGS site Geographic Names Information System feature detail report – ID 619263
Westfield, New Zealand
Westfield is an Auckland suburb. This was once the site of the Westfield Freezing Works, part of a large industrial zone located near the North Island Main Trunk railway at this point; the buildings were decommissioned during the 1980s and 1990s, releasing large areas of land to be redeveloped as office parks. Westfield was the location of Kempthorne Prosser Limited's large Westfield Chemical Fertiliser Works which operated from 1887-1966; the works were demolished in the 1970s. For many years the abattoirs located here were discharging large amounts of untreated waste into Manukau Harbour; this had a detrimental effect on the ecology of the harbor, which at the turn of the 20th century had been a popular and attractive place to swim, sail and gather shell fish. For most of the middle of the 20th century it was a health hazard and its shell-fish a probable source of food poisoning. Since the freezing works disappeared the water quality has improved greatly. Portage Road is the location of one of the overland routes between the two harbours, where the Māori would beach their waka and drag them overland to the other coast, thus avoiding having to paddle around North Cape.
This made the area of immense strategic importance in both pre-European times and during the early years of European occupation. At one point during World War II there were plans to create a canal between the two harbours. In March 2017, Westfield Railway Station was permanently closed due to low patronage. Auckland Transport announced it would have required a costly upgrade in order to keep it in operation. Photographs of Westfield held in Auckland Libraries' heritage collections
Westfield Center, Ohio
Westfield Center is a village in Medina County, United States. The population was 1,115 at the 2010 census. Despite the community's small size, it is the home of Westfield Insurance, the largest employer in Medina County; the community was founded in 1826. When it was given a post office, the name "Le Roy" was assigned; the two names were used interchangeably until it was incorporated in 1914 as Ohio. In the early 1970s, the name was changed back to Westfield Center. One building in Westfield Center, the Universalist Church, has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Westfield Center is located at 41°1′47″N 81°55′53″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 2.11 square miles, all land. As of the census of 2010, there were 1,115 people, 450 households, 349 families residing in the village; the population density was 528.4 inhabitants per square mile. There were 473 housing units at an average density of 224.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 97.5% White, 0.1% African American, 0.9% Asian, 0.3% from other races, 1.3% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.3% of the population. There were 450 households of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.0% were married couples living together, 6.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.1% had a male householder with no wife present, 22.4% were non-families. 19.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.83. The median age in the village was 48.4 years. 20.5% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the village was 50.6% male and 49.4% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,054 people, 401 households, 336 families residing in the village; the population density was 498.8 people per square mile. There were 431 housing units at an average density of 204.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 99.05% White, 0.09% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.19% Pacific Islander, 0.09% from other races, 0.28% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.57% of the population. There were 401 households out of which 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 76.1% were married couples living together, 5.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 16.0% were non-families. 13.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 2.88. In the village, the population was spread out with 24.3% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 23.1% from 25 to 44, 33.5% from 45 to 64, 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 99.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.0 males. The median income for a household in the village was $69,821, the median income for a family was $76,651. Males had a median income of $55,893 versus $30,083 for females; the per capita income for the village was $30,679. About 2.1% of families and 3.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.0% of those under age 18 and 1.6% of those age 65 or over.
Lois Youngen, player in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League Village website The Medina County Community Advocate
Westfield, New York
Westfield is a town in the western part Chautauqua County, New York, United States. The population was 4,896 at the 2010 census. Westfield is the name of a village within the town, containing 65% of the town's population; the area was first settled in 1802 by James McMahan of Northumberland County, Pennsylvania. McMahan established a mill near the mouth of Chautauqua Creek; the mill was dismantled in advance of the War of 1812 to prevent it falling into the hands of the British. Today some of the millstones from McMahan's mill rest outside the Patterson Library in Westfield village; the town of Westfield was established in 1828 from parts of the towns of Ripley. The Barcelona Lighthouse was constructed in 1829 to overlook Barcelona Harbor and aided sailors on Lake Erie until being deactivated in 1859, it was the first lighthouse in the world to be powered by natural gas. In 1897, the founder of Welch's Grape Juice, Charles E. Welch, moved his company to Westfield from New Jersey to take advantage of the ideal climate for the cultivation of grapes of Concord grapes.
The region soon became noted for the growing of grapes for both grape juice. An unusually large number of buildings, twenty in all, are listed on the National Register of Historic Places, with all but one being listed on the register in fall 1983. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town of Westfield has a total area of 47.3 square miles, of which 47.2 square miles is land and 0.08 square miles, or 0.14%, is water. Lake Erie Portland; as of the census of 2000, there were 5,232 people, 2,075 households, 1,419 families residing in the town. The population density was 110.8 people per square mile. There were 2,493 housing units at an average density of 52.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 96.98% White, 0.27% Black or African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.54% Asian, 1.30% from other races, 0.67% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.64% of the population. There were 2,075 households out of which 31.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.3% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.6% were non-families.
27.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.98. In the town, the population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, 18.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.0 males. The median income for a household in the town was $32,534, the median income for a family was $43,156. Males had a median income of $30,203 versus $23,250 for females; the per capita income for the town was $15,738. About 8.8% of families and 13.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.0% of those under age 18 and 14.8% of those age 65 or over. The economy of the town is agriculture, the major crop is grapes; the Welch Grape Juice Company has ties to this region. The New York State Thruway, US 20, NY 5, NY 394 pass through the town.
CSX Transportation and Norfolk Southern both have routes running through Westfield. CSX operates a double-track main on the former New York Central "Water Level Route", Norfolk Southern operates over former Nickel Plate Road Norfolk and Western, trackage. Both routes come east out of Cleveland to Buffalo; as as 1968 the New York Central operated a Buffalo-Chicago daytime train, #51, the former Empire State Express, that made a stop westbound in Dunkirk. Two other daily trains eastbound stopped in # 64 and # 90, the former Chicagoan. Amtrak's Lake Shore Limited does not stop; the closest stops are in Erie, to the west, Buffalo-Depew, to the east. Francis B. Brewer, US congressman George Emerson Brewer, urologist Jimmy Caci, member of a Los Angeles crime family Harry Castlemon, writer Marion Dickerman, vice-principal of the Todhunter School Lou DiMuro, Major League Baseball umpire Charles G. Groat, geologist George W. Patterson, US congressman and Lieutenant Governor of New York Robert Weathers, former NFL running back Alexander Wilson, former Wisconsin Attorney General John Wrench, mathematician Grace Bedell, girl who suggested to then-candidate Abraham Lincoln that he should grow a beard Hector Clemente, warehouse clerk, former mayor of Jawesometon Barcelona – A hamlet located by Barcelona Harbor, a harbor in Lake Erie.
Bournes Beach – A community at the mouth of Bournes Creek in the northeast corner of the town. Camp Vernon Airport – A small airfield between I-90 and Route 5 in the northeast corner of the town. Forest Park – A small community on Lake Erie southwest of Barcelona. Hawthorne Park – A lakeside community near Bournes Beach. Lombard – A hamlet located in the western part of the town at the crossing of Lombard and Parker Roads. Volusia – A hamlet near Chautauqua Creek in the eastern part of the town. Westfield – A village at the junction of Route 394 and Route 20 in the northern part of the to Town of Westfield official website Westfield community website Patterson Library Early Westfield history Concord Grape Belt Heritage Association ePodunk City-Data.com
Westfield, New Jersey
Westfield is a town in Union County of New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the town's population was 30,316, reflecting an increase of 672 from the 29,644 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 774 from the 28,870 counted in the 1990 Census. In March 2018, Bloomberg ranked Westfield as the 99th wealthiest place in the United States, the 18th wealthiest in New Jersey. According to a 2014 nationwide survey, Westfield is considered to be the 30th-safest city to live in the United States; the old village area, now the downtown district, was settled in 1720 as part of the Elizabethtown Tract. Westfield was formed as a township on January 27, 1794, from portions of Elizabeth Township, while the area was still part of Essex County, was incorporated on February 21, 1798, as one of New Jersey's initial group of 104 townships by an act of the New Jersey Legislature, it became part of the newly formed Union County on March 19, 1857. Portions of the township have been taken to form Rahway Township, Plainfield Township, Cranford Township, Fanwood Township and Mountainside.
The Town of Westfield was incorporated on March 1903, replacing Westfield Township. The name of the town is derived from its location in the western, undeveloped fields of the Elizabethtown tract. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town had a total area of 6.743 square miles, including 6.719 square miles of land and 0.024 square miles of water. Unincorporated communities and place names located or within the township include Germantown. Six municipalities border the town of Westfield: Mountainside to the north, Springfield Township to the northeast and Cranford to the east, Clark to the southeast, Scotch Plains to the west and southwest; the upper reaches of the Rahway River Parkway run through the township along tributaries of the Rahway River. The Westfield Memorial Library was founded in 1873 as the "Every Saturday Book Club" and has evolved over the past century into the Westfield Memorial Library of today; the Library is located in a large, Williamsburg-style building at 550 East Broad Street.
The library's collection consists of over 250,000 books, two dozen public computers, a wide array of multimedia options, a large youth services area with a vivid mural depicting Westfield history, multiple tables and carrels for studying. The library offers classes for adults and children, storytimes for children, computer instruction. Westfield's downtown features many local and national stores, such as Lord & Taylor and several landmarks that were shown and used in the NBC network television show Ed such as the Rialto Theater. There are over casual dining establishments throughout the downtown. Downtown is located north of the Westfield train station; the downtown area has a mix of independent boutiques as well as national stores. Over one-third of the retailers and restaurants have existed for 25 years or more. Downtown Westfield, with over 200 retail establishments and 400 commercial enterprises, is a regional destination in New Jersey; the Downtown Westfield Corporation manages the Special Improvement District area's growth and enhancement.
The DWC participates in the National Main Street program associated with the National Trust for Historic Preservation. It is funded by a SID assessment on downtown properties and operates as the district's management agency; the DWC sponsors marketing efforts and promotions, special event planning, urban design and building improvement projects. The DWC works with the town government and volunteer groups to improve the downtown area. In 2004, Westfield won the Great American Main Street Award from the National Trust. In 2010, Westfield was the winner of the America in Bloom contest for communities with a population of 25,001–50,000 against the other two towns entered in their category. Shopping and dining in Westfield attracts citizens from other communities across the state. Several war memorials are located in a plaza near the downtown; the plaza is home to the September 11 Memorial Park, which pays special tribute to the residents of Westfield who died in the September 11 terrorist attacks.
Downtown Westfield hosts festivals throughout the year. Throughout the summer, jazz groups perform live, every Tuesday night. October 2018 saw the first annual AddamsFest; the festival featured exhibits, film screenings, a masquerade ball, among other things. Gumbert Park Mindowaskin Park Lenape Park, a 450-acre refuge. Tamaques Park As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 30,316 people, 10,566 households, 8,199.216 families residing in the town. The population density was 4,512.2 per square mile. There were 10,950 housing units at an average density of 1,629.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 88.17% White, 3.25% Black or African American, 0.12% Native American, 5.67% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.79% from other races, 1.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.92% of the population. There were 10,566 households out of which 43.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.0% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 22.4% were non-families.
19.2% of all households were made up of individuals, 9.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older
Westfield Sportscars are manufacturers of both factory built and kit versions of several two-seater, open top sportscars. Their main product line is a Lotus Seven inspired car - vehicles designed by Colin Chapman with only the bare essentials for motoring in order to give the rawest and most exhilarating driving experience. Whilst Caterham Cars bought the rights from Lotus Cars, Chris Smith set up a rival company and manufactured kits with similar styling and construction; this led Caterham to threaten litigation in the late 1980s, settled out of court and resulted in Westfield improving and changing the design of their cars. Whilst externally sharing a common look and Caterham cars are somewhat different in construction. Westfield prefers to employ the same glass fibre body method that Lotus has traditionally used for their other models such as the Elise and Elan, rather than the aluminium used by Caterham. Westfield has pioneered technical innovations such as Independent rear suspension and a wider chassis, which other manufacturers have since adopted.
The company has introduced a version of its SEi kit that uses donor parts from the Mazda Mx5 Miata. This is called an SDV kit. There is an SDV kit that uses a Ford Sierra as a donor; the wide range of drivetrain configurations available to Westfield customers now includes the Honda S2000 engine and gearbox as part of the company's MegaS2000 kit and cars. According to figures given to the magazine Total Kit Car, Westfield produces about 450 SEi and XTR chassis each year. In the first series of BBC's Top Gear, a Westfield XTR2 driven by the black Stig set a faster lap time than the reigning record holder of that series, the Pagani Zonda. In December 2006, Westfield became a part of Potenza Sports Cars Limited. In December 2007, it was announced that GTM Cars became a part of Potenza Sports Cars. In June 2009 Westfield became the first Niche Vehicle Manufacturer to be awarded European Small Series Production Status with its Sport Turbo model, has subsequently produced the iRacer - an all-electric racing vehicle, as well as a Hybrid vehicle version of the Sport Turbo model.
FW400 Megabusa Megablade MegaS2000 7SE SE SEi & Sport SEiGHT SDV Sport Turbo XTR2 XTR4 XI AeroSport AeroRace iRacer TRZ Topaz Lotus Cars Caterham Cars List of car manufacturers of the United Kingdom Westfield Sportscars Ltd. Westfield France. Pictures and Technical help on Westfield Sports Cars
Redcar is a seaside resort and town in North Yorkshire, England. The local council, a unitary authority, is Cleveland. Part of the North Riding of Yorkshire, it lies 7.5 miles east-north-east of Middlesbrough on the North Sea coast. The combined population of the wards of Coatham, Kirkleatham, West Dyke and Zetland was 36,610 in the 2001 census decreasing to 35,692 in the 2011 census, it is part of the Teesside conurbation. Redcar occupies a low-lying site by the sea. Redcar originated as a fishing town in the 14th century, trading with the larger adjacent market town of Coatham; until the mid-19th century it was a sub-parish of Marske-by-the-Sea—mentioned in the Domesday book. In 1846 work was completed on the Middlesbrough and Redcar Railway, created to attract tourism and trade, but like much of the Middlesbrough region, Redcar's real population expansion began with the discovery in 1850 of iron ore in the Eston area of the Cleveland Hills. After the construction of Redcar Racecourse in 1875, Redcar prospered as a seaside town drawing tourists attracted by its eight miles of sands stretching from South Gare to Saltburn-by-the-Sea.
Numerous ships have foundered off the Redcar coastline and many of their wrecks still exist. The Zetland is the world's oldest surviving lifeboat, it is housed in a sea-front museum at Redcar. The museum is independent and operated by a dedicated group of volunteers; the lifeboat was first stationed at Redcar in 1802. Plans for a pier were drawn up in 1866, but lay dormant until prompted by the announcement of plans to build a pier at Coatham in 1871. Misfortune struck both piers. Coatham Pier was wrecked before it was completed when two sailing ships were driven through it in a storm, it had to be shortened because of the cost of repairs and was re-opened with an entrance with two kiosks and a roller-skating rink on the Redcar side, a bandstand halfway along its length. In October 1898 the pier was wrecked when the barque Birger struck it and the pier was thereafter allowed to disintegrate. A glass house for concerts was added to its remaining section and in 1928 was replaced by the New Pavilion theatre which became the Regent Cinema in the early 1960s.
Comedian and entertainer Larry Grayson coined his catchphrase "Shut that Door!" while performing there, since the stage door was open to the cold North Sea breeze. An anchor from the Birger can be seen on the sea front pavement opposite the Zetland Lifeboat Museum. Disaster struck Redcar Pier in the 1890s when a series of ships broke through it. In October 1880 the brig Luna caused £1,000 worth of damage. On New Year's Eve 1885 SS Cochrane demolished the landing stage. In 1897 the schooner Amarant went through the pier and in the following year the pier head and bandstand burned down. In 1907 a pavilion ballroom was built on the pier behind the entrance kiosks and in 1928 it was extended; the pier was deliberately breached in 1940 to prevent its use by enemy invasion forces. As a result of sectioning, damage by a mine explosion and deterioration it was never reconnected and instead allowed to become more dilapidated; the pavilion continued in use after the war but storm damage led to it being declared unsafe and it was demolished in 1980–1981.
The town's main employers in the post-war era were the nearby Teesside Steelworks at Warrenby, founded by Dorman Long in 1917, the ICI Wilton chemical works. The steel produced at Dorman Long was used to build the Sydney Harbour Bridge, Tyne Bridge, Auckland Harbour Bridge and many others. Both the Warrenby and Lackenby sites became part of Tata Steel when Corus was taken over in 2007, but continued to trade under the Corus name until at least February 2008. SSI bought the plant for £ 320 million. After a two-year hiatus following the mothballing of the plant in February 2010, steel was once again being made at Redcar; the Thai owners of the former Corus Plant at Lackenby, Sahaviriya Steel Industries, re-ignited the blast furnace, one of the largest in Europe, on 15 April 2012. On 18 September 2015, production was paused due to the decline in steel prices. On 28 September 2015, the plant was "mothballed" amid poor steel trading conditions across the world and a drop in steel prices. On 2 October, the owner of SSI UK, entered liquidation.
On 12 October 2015 the administrator announced that there was no realistic prospect of finding a buyer and the ovens would be extinguished. The town became part of the County Borough of Teesside in 1968 and was absorbed by the non-metropolitan County of Cleveland in 1974. After further changes Redcar is situated in the unitary authority of Redcar & Cleveland and in the Tees Valley region of the North East of England and the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire. Politically, Redcar has supported the Labour Party in parliamentary elections, allowing the town to be categorised a safe seat. From 1987 to 2001, the local MP was Mo Mowlam, from 2001 to 2010. In the 2010 general election there was a swing to the Liberal Democrats with Ian Swales being elected. But, in the 2015 general election, Anna Turley, a Labour MP, won back Redcar. In the surprise 2017 general election, Anna Turley held onto that seat; the town comprises four wards: Coatham, West Dyke and Zetland. In addition, the suburbs of Dormanstown and Kirkleatham are two wards.
On 5 May 2011 Redcar elected its councillors to Cleveland Borough Council. There was a by-election on 18 November 2011 for two vacant seats in the Zetland ward, held onto by the Liberal