George B. Cortelyou
George Bruce Cortelyou was an American Cabinet secretary of the early twentieth century. He held various positions in the presidential administrations of Grover Cleveland, William McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt. Born in New York City, Cortelyou worked for the United States Postal Service, earning the attention of Postmaster General Wilson S. Bissell. On Bissell's recommendation, President Cleveland hired Cortelyou as his chief clerk. On Cleveland's recommendation, McKinley hired Cortelyou as his personal secretary. After McKinley's assassination, Roosevelt asked Cortelyou to lead an effort to reorganize the White House. Impressed by Cortelyou's performance, Roosevelt appointed Cortelyou to the position of United States Secretary of Commerce and Labor in 1903, he left that position in 1904 to become the Chairman of the Republican National Committee, starting in 1905 he served as the Postmaster General. He left both of those positions to become the United States Secretary of the Treasury in 1907. In that position, he worked to keep the economy stable during the Panic of 1907.
After Roosevelt left office in 1909, Cortelyou became president of the Consolidated Gas Company. He died in 1940. Cortelyou was born in Peter Crolius Cortelyou, Jr.. He was part of an old New Netherland family whose immigrant ancestor, Jacques Cortelyou, arrived in 1652, he was educated at public schools in Brooklyn, the Nazareth Hall Military Academy in Pennsylvania, the Hempstead Institute on Long Island. At 20, Cortelyou received a BA degree from Westfield Normal School, now Westfield State University, a teacher's college in Westfield, Massachusetts, he graduated from the law schools of George Washington Georgetown University. He was a member of Phi Sigma Kappa fraternity while at George Washington University. Courtelyou began teaching taking a stenography course and mastering shorthand. Cortelyou married the former Lily Morris Hinds on September 15, 1888, with whom he had five children. In 1891, he obtained a position as secretary to the chief postal inspector of New York; the following year a promotion led to a job as the secretary to the Fourth Assistant Postmaster General in Washington, D.
C. In 1895 President Grover Cleveland hired Cortelyou as his chief clerk on the recommendation of Postmaster General Wilson S. Bissell. Cleveland recommended him as a personal secretary to William McKinley. Cortelyou was working on improvements in office efficiency in 1901, when President McKinley was assassinated. McKinley was greeting visitors in the Temple of Music at the Pan-American Exposition on September 6, 1901, in Buffalo, New York, when he was shot twice at close range by lone assassin Leon Czolgosz; as McKinley collapsed, he was supported by his aides, among them Cortelyou. As he was held in their arms, he whispered, "My wife... be careful, how you tell her. Oh, be careful." After succeeding as President, Theodore Roosevelt tasked Cortelyou with transforming the White House into a more professional organization. Cortelyou developed procedures and rules that guided White House protocol and established processes for which there had been only personal prerogative. Cortelyou is credited with establishing an improved line of communication between the President's office and the press.
Cortelyou is credited with instituting the first systematic gathering of press commentary for a sitting president's perusal. The "current clippings" were the first attempt by a president to gauge public opinion by the media. Cortelyou selected items objectively, a practice that would not be followed by his successors. Cortelyou served as the first Secretary of Commerce and Labor, from February 18, 1903 to June 30, 1904, he served as Postmaster General from March 6, 1905 to January 14, 1907 and was the Secretary of the Treasury, all under Theodore Roosevelt. From 1904 through 1907, Cortelyou served as Chairman of the Republican National Committee, working for the successful re-election of Theodore Roosevelt, he was made an honorary member of Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia Fraternity on April 9, 1903. He had attended the New England Conservatory of Music. Cortelyou served as the Secretary of the Treasury, from March 4, 1907 to March 7, 1909; this was during the devastating Panic of 1907. Like his predecessor, Leslie M. Shaw, Cortelyou believed it was Treasury's duty to protect the banking system, but he realized that the Treasury was not equipped to maintain economic stability.
He eased the crisis by depositing large amounts of government funds in national banks and buying government bonds. To prevent further crises, Cortelyou advocated a more elastic currency and recommended the creation of a central banking system. In 1908, the Aldrich-Vreeland Act was passed, providing special currency to be issued in times of panic, creating a commission, which led to the creation of the Federal Reserve in 1913, he returned to private enterprise as the president of the Consolidated Gas Company known as the Consolidated Edison. He was one of the chairmen of the Con Edison Energy Museum, now closed, he lived at his home "Harbor Lights" in Halesite, Long Island, until his death in October 1940. Edith Roosevelt attended the wake at his home, he is buried at the Memorial Cemetery of St. John's Church in New York. Cortelyou, an unincorporated community in Washington County, changed its name from Richardson to Cortelyou while George Cortelyou was United States Postmaster General. George B.
Cortelyou at Find a Grave
American International College
American International College is a private liberal arts college in Springfield, Massachusetts. American International College was established on July 18, 1885, as the French Protestant College by Rev. Calvin E. Amaron, who sought to create an institution of higher learning that would provide the local French Protestant minority with access to higher education. Over the years the college expanded its admissions program to include women, in 1892—the first New England college to do so—as well as minorities who were not of French origin and had immigrated to Western Massachusetts from other parts of Europe and Canada; the college offers undergraduate and graduate programs, including master's and doctoral degrees and certificates of advanced graduate study. There are three schools which focus on their respective academic areas: School of Business and Sciences: Bachelor's and master's degrees. School of Health Sciences: Bachelor's, master's, doctoral degrees. School of Education: Master's and doctoral degrees.
Undergraduate students choose from 37 majors as they earn a Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, Bachelor of Science in Nursing or Bachelor of Science in Business Administration. Certificates and other non-degree programs are offered; the school competes in NCAA Division II, is a member of the Northeast-10 Conference. The exception is the school's men's ice hockey team, a member of the Division I, Atlantic Hockey Association, AIC has a college rugby program, founded in 2009 and began play in 2010; the rugby program is part of the school's athletic department, has varsity status, with rugby scholarships available for students. AIC plays Division 1 in the Liberty Conference. Paul Babeu, Arizona sheriff Mark G. Mastroianni, United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts. Richard Neal, member of the United States House of Representatives Mike Gravel, Alaska Senator. Jim Calhoun, a Hall of Fame basketball coach Dave Forbes, NHL hockey player Mario Elie, NBA guard Bruce Laird, NFL safety for the Baltimore Colts Tom Rychlec, NFL and AFL tight end for several teams Asnage Castelly, Olympic Games 1st Haitian wrestler in Summer Olympics in the 74 kg freestyle competition the flag bearer of the Haitian delegation for the Olympics opening.
Official website American International College Athletics website
Kappa Delta Phi
Kappa Delta Phi is a college general men's fraternity, founded on April 14, 1900 at the Bridgewater Normal School, now known as Bridgewater State University. The fraternity boasts 11 active chapters, they have a sorority by Kappa Delta Phi National Affiliated Sorority. The purpose of this fraternity shall be to bring together males of good character who are studying in institutions of higher education and who manifest a keen interest in higher education. Cyrus M. Benson Cyrus M. Benson was born in Bridgewater, Massachusetts on May 21, 1878. In his career at Bridgewater, he was running captain of the football team, he was secretary and treasurer of section C, of his graduating class and a member of the glee club as well as one time Vice-President of Kappa Delta Phi. He graduated from Bridgewater in 1900. One of his jobs was manager of Norfolk hosiery and underwear Mills Company, in New York. Cyrus M Benson died on February 2, 1931 and is buried in the North Burial Ground in Providence, Rhode Island.
Louis D. Cook Louis DeLaitre Cook was born in Ellsworth, Maine on June 22, 1879. While attending Bridgewater, he was a substitute for the football team. After graduating from Bridgewater in 1901, he became principal of a grammar school in New Bedford, Massachusetts, he was principal at the J. DeValles School in New Bedford. Edward L. Curran Edward Lawrence Curran was born on February 14, 1879 in East Bridgewater, Massachusetts. While attending Bridgewater, he was the manager of the baseball team and left tackle on the football team, he was the Vice-President of Bridgewater’s athletic association and class historian of section C for his graduating class. As a member of Kappa Delta Phi, he served as Vice-President. After graduating from Bridgewater in 1901, he went on to earn his Ph. D. Soon after this he became superintendent of Boston Newboy’s Club. During his post graduate career, he taught at the School of Sciences at Fordham University as well as being the sales manager at American Oil Company in Boston.
On in his career he moved to New York City where he became a registrar at the Woolworth Building. After living in New York for his last few years of work, he moved back to Boston. Edward Curran died on January 5, 1957, he was laid to rest in the St. Thomas Aquinas Cemetery, located in Bridgewater. Sumner W. Cushing Sumner Webster Cushing was born in Massachusetts. During his time at Bridgewater, he was a member of the Normal Club as well as the team manager for the football team, he was president of section B of his graduating class. As a member of Kappa Delta Phi, he served as Vice-President and served on the Executive Committee. Upon graduating from Bridgewater in 1902, he went on to Harvard and Brown A. M. After receiving his masters he became an instructor at the Normal School in Salem, Massachusetts where he went on to become the head of the geography department and taught for eleven years. Sumner Cushing died on February 28, 1920, he was laid to rest Salem. Joseph A. Cushman Joseph Augustine Cushman was born on January 1881 in Bridgewater.
He was the captain and catcher for the baseball team along with fullback and manager for the football team. He graduated in 1901 from Bridgewater, he was the assistant curator at the Museum of Natural History in Boston as well as a geologist for the U. S government. Joseph Cushman is buried in Great Hills Cemetery, Boston. Herman Gammons Herman Gammons was born on May 1880 in Bridgewater, he played 4 years of baseball as a first baseman, as well as a member of the glee club. He was the 1st Vice-President and Secretary of Kappa Delta Phi along with president of section C in his graduating class. After graduating from Bridgewater in 1901, he went on to Harvard where he attained his masters in teaching. After Harvard he became a high school principal in Ashby. In his career he became principal for a high school in Lewiston, Maine. In his free time he woodcrafts. On June 21, 1971, Herman Gammons died at Nobel Hospital in Westfield, he was cremated in Springfield, his ashes were buried in Lake Grove Cemetery, Massachusetts.
He was the last of the fraternity's founding fathers to die. Arthur L. Gould Arthur Linwood Gould was born in Rockland, Massachusetts on December 19, 1879. During his college career, he served on the Executive Board and was Vice-President of Kappa Delta Phi, he was a pitcher on the baseball team as well as left end for the football team. He was president of section A of his graduating class, he graduated from Bridgewater in 1900. He became assistant superintendent of public schools of Boston and became superintendent, he at one time was principal at the Renfrew School in Adams, Massachusetts, as well as the sub master at the Martin School in Rockland. Arthur Gould died on October 17, 1956 and was laid to rest in a family plot, in the St. Patrick Cemetery located in his hometown of Rockland. William R. Kramer William Robert Kramer was born in Clinton, Massachusetts on October 6, 1879; as a member of Kappa Delta Phi, he served as Vice-President. He was Business Manager of the yearbook as well as Vice-President of the athletic association.
In 1900, he graduated from Bridgewater. He was sub master at the Hugh O’Brien School in Roxbury, Massachusetts as well as schoolmaster of
Massachusetts House of Representatives
The Massachusetts House of Representatives is the lower house of the Massachusetts General Court, the state legislature of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. It is composed of 160 members elected from 14 counties each divided into single-member electoral districts across the Commonwealth; the House of Representatives convenes at the Massachusetts State House in Boston. Representatives were apportioned by town. For the first 150 persons, one representative was granted, this ratio increased as the population of the town increased; the largest membership of the House was 749 in 1812. The original distribution was changed to the current regional population system in the 20th century; until 1978, there were 240 members of a number in multi-member districts. Today, each Representative represents about 40,000 residents, their districts are named for the counties they are in and tend to stay within one county, although districts cross county lines. Representatives serve two-year terms. Within the House's debating chamber hangs the Sacred Cod of Massachusetts.
The 5-foot-long pine carving of the cod was offered by Representative John Rowe in 1784 in commemoration of the state's maritime economy and history. Two previous carvings of the cod existed during the legislature's colonial era. Since 1784, the current Sacred Cod has been present at nearly every House session, moved to its current location when the House began convening in the State House in 1798. In 1933, members of the Harvard Lampoon stole the cod carving as part of a prank; the theft sparked a large statewide search by the Massachusetts State Police. Following outrage from Boston newspapers and the General Court itself, the cod was anonymously handed back; the Democrats hold a supermajority in the House. The Speaker of the House presides over the House of Representatives; the Speaker is elected by the majority party caucus followed by confirmation of the full House through the passage of a House Resolution. As well as presiding over the body, the Speaker is the chief leader, controls the flow of legislation.
Other House leaders, such as the majority and minority leaders, are elected by their respective party caucuses relative to their party's strength in the House. The current Speaker of the House is Robert DeLeo of the 19th Suffolk District; the most recent election of members was held on November 8, 2016. Representatives serve two-year terms; the current standing committees in the Massachusetts House of Representatives are as follows: The following is a complete list of Members of the House of Representatives in the 191st General Court, by district: 6 Representatives 4 Representatives 14 Representatives 18 Representatives 2 Representatives 12 Representatives 3 Representatives 37 Representatives 15 Representatives 12 Representatives 19 Representatives 18 Representatives List of current Massachusetts House of Representatives committees List of Speakers of the Massachusetts House of Representatives Massachusetts State House Massachusetts Senate Massachusetts General Court Massachusetts Government Representative Districts, accessed April 9, 2006 House Members of the General Court "Public Officers of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts: 1945-1946".
1945. "Public Officers of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts: 1947-1948". 1947. 1951, 1957, 1961, 1967, 1971, 1977, 1981, 1987, 1993, 1997, 2001, 2003, 2005, 2007 "Massachusetts - State Legislative District Maps". United States Census Bureau
A chromosome is a deoxyribonucleic acid molecule with part or all of the genetic material of an organism. Most eukaryotic chromosomes include packaging proteins which, aided by chaperone proteins, bind to and condense the DNA molecule to prevent it from becoming an unmanageable tangle. Chromosomes are visible under a light microscope only when the cell is undergoing the metaphase of cell division. Before this happens, every chromosome is copied once, the copy is joined to the original by a centromere, resulting either in an X-shaped structure if the centromere is located in the middle of the chromosome or a two-arm structure if the centromere is located near one of the ends; the original chromosome and the copy are now called sister chromatids. During metaphase the X-shape structure is called a metaphase chromosome. In this condensed form chromosomes are easiest to distinguish and study. In animal cells, chromosomes reach their highest compaction level in anaphase during chromosome segregation.
Chromosomal recombination during meiosis and subsequent sexual reproduction play a significant role in genetic diversity. If these structures are manipulated incorrectly, through processes known as chromosomal instability and translocation, the cell may undergo mitotic catastrophe; this will make the cell initiate apoptosis leading to its own death, but sometimes mutations in the cell hamper this process and thus cause progression of cancer. Some use the term chromosome in a wider sense, to refer to the individualized portions of chromatin in cells, either visible or not under light microscopy. Others use the concept in a narrower sense, to refer to the individualized portions of chromatin during cell division, visible under light microscopy due to high condensation; the word chromosome comes from the Greek χρῶμα and σῶμα, describing their strong staining by particular dyes. The term was coined by von Waldeyer-Hartz, referring to the term chromatin, introduced by Walther Flemming; some of the early karyological terms have become outdated.
For example and Chromosom, both ascribe color to a non-colored state. The German scientists Schleiden, Virchow and Bütschli were among the first scientists who recognized the structures now familiar as chromosomes. In a series of experiments beginning in the mid-1880s, Theodor Boveri gave the definitive demonstration that chromosomes are the vectors of heredity, it is the second of these principles, so original. Wilhelm Roux suggested. Boveri was able to confirm this hypothesis. Aided by the rediscovery at the start of the 1900s of Gregor Mendel's earlier work, Boveri was able to point out the connection between the rules of inheritance and the behaviour of the chromosomes. Boveri influenced two generations of American cytologists: Edmund Beecher Wilson, Nettie Stevens, Walter Sutton and Theophilus Painter were all influenced by Boveri. In his famous textbook The Cell in Development and Heredity, Wilson linked together the independent work of Boveri and Sutton by naming the chromosome theory of inheritance the Boveri–Sutton chromosome theory.
Ernst Mayr remarks that the theory was hotly contested by some famous geneticists: William Bateson, Wilhelm Johannsen, Richard Goldschmidt and T. H. Morgan, all of a rather dogmatic turn of mind. Complete proof came from chromosome maps in Morgan's own lab; the number of human chromosomes was published in 1923 by Theophilus Painter. By inspection through the microscope, he counted 24 pairs, his error was copied by others and it was not until 1956 that the true number, 46, was determined by Indonesia-born cytogeneticist Joe Hin Tjio. The prokaryotes – bacteria and archaea – have a single circular chromosome, but many variations exist; the chromosomes of most bacteria, which some authors prefer to call genophores, can range in size from only 130,000 base pairs in the endosymbiotic bacteria Candidatus Hodgkinia cicadicola and Candidatus Tremblaya princeps, to more than 14,000,000 base pairs in the soil-dwelling bacterium Sorangium cellulosum. Spirochaetes of the genus Borrelia are a notable exception to this arrangement, with bacteria such as Borrelia burgdorferi, the cause of Lyme disease, containing a single linear chromosome.
Prokaryotic chromosomes have less sequence-based structure than eukaryotes. Bacteria have a one-point from which replication starts, whereas some archaea contain multiple replication origins; the genes in prokaryotes are organized in operons, do not contain introns, unlike eukaryotes. Prokaryotes do not possess nuclei. Instead, their DNA is organized into a structure called the nucleoid; the nucleoid occupies a defined region of the bacterial cell. This structure is, dynamic and is maintained and remodeled by the actions of a range of histone-like proteins, which associate with the bacterial chromosome. In archaea, the DNA in chromosomes is more organized, with the DNA packaged within structures similar to eukaryotic nucleosomes. Certain bacteria contain plasmids or other extrachromosomal DNA; these are circular structures in the cytoplasm that contain cellular DNA and play a role in horizontal gene transfer. In prokaryotes and viruses, the DNA is densely packed and organized.
Westfield is a city in Hampden County, in the Pioneer Valley of western Massachusetts, United States. Westfield was first settled in 1660, it is part of Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 41,094 at the 2010 census; the area was inhabited by the Pocomtuc tribe, was called Woronoco. Trading houses were built in 1639–40 by settlers from the Connecticut Colony. Massachusetts asserted jurisdiction, prevailed after a boundary survey. In 1647, Massachusetts made Woronoco part of Springfield. Land was incrementally purchased from the Native Americans and granted by the Springfield town meeting to English settlers, beginning in 1658; the area of Woronoco or "Streamfield" began to be permanently settled in the 1660s. In 1669, "Westfield" was incorporated as an independent town; the name Westfield would be named for being at the time the most westerly settlement. "Streamfield" was considered a name for the town for being settled in between two "streams" that flow downtown, the Westfield River and the Little River.
From its founding until 1725, Westfield was the westernmost settlement in the Massachusetts Colony, portions of it fell within the Equivalent Lands. Town meetings were held in a church meeting house until 1839, when Town Hall was erected on Broad Street; this building served as City Hall from 1920 to 1958. Due to its alluvial lands, the inhabitants of the Westfield area were devoted to agricultural pursuits for about 150 years. Early in the 19th century, manufacture of bricks and cigars became economically important. At one point in the 19th century, Westfield was a prominent center of the buggy whip industry, the city is still known as the "Whip City". Other firms produced bicycles, paper products, pipe organs and radiators, textile machinery, wood products, precision tools. Westfield transformed itself from an agricultural town into a thriving industrial city in the 19th century, but in the second half of the 20th century its manufacturing base was eroded by wage competition in the U. S. Southeast overseas.
Meanwhile, with cheap land and convenient access to east-west and north-south interstate highways, the north side developed into a warehousing center to C & S Wholesale, Home Depot and other corporations. South of the river, the intersecting trends of growth of Westfield State University and declining manufacturing changed the city's character. Students comprise some 15% of Westfield's population, the old downtown business district caters to them while mainstream shopping relocates to a commercial strip called East Main Street, part of U. S. Route 20. A Home Depot store and a Price-Rite were added to Westfield's wide array of shopping centers; these stores are located along Route 20. Only four buildings exceed four stories in height; until a major fire on January 6, 1952, the Westfield Professional Building covered half a downtown city block and was six stories tall. The entire building was consumed with extensive damage to neighboring buildings because the fire department's ladder and snorkel vehicles weren't tall enough and the building did not have a sprinkler system.
Subsequent zoning prohibited all new construction over three stories after improvements in fire suppression technologies and vehicles became available. No building is allowed to be taller than the town's firetruck ladders. In the early 20th century, Westfield was at the center of the Pure Food movement, an effort to require stricter standards on the production of food. Louis B. Allyn, a Westfield resident and pure foods expert for McClure's Magazine, lived in Westfield until his murder. In 1906, Congress passed the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906. In 1939, Westfield became the first city in Massachusetts, as well as all of New England, to elect a female Mayor when Alice Burke defeated incumbent Raymond H. Cowing. Westfield is located at 42°7′46″N 72°44′46″W, it is bordered on the north by Southampton, on the northeast by Holyoke, on the east by West Springfield, on the southeast by Agawam, on the south by Southwick, on the southwest by Granville, on the west by Russell, on the northwest by Montgomery.
Westfield is split into the "South Side" and the "North Side" by the Westfield River, the northwestern section of town is known as Wyben. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 47.4 square miles, of which 46.3 square miles are land and 1.1 square miles, or 2.24%, are water. Westfield is situated at the western edge of the downfaulted Connecticut River Valley where the Westfield River emerges from the Berkshire Hills and flows through the center of the city on its way to the Connecticut River some 10 miles downstream; because of its large and rocky upstream watershed, the river has a history of severe flood episodes, inundating adjacent parts of Westfield several times. In spite of a complicated system of pumps, dikes and upstream dams, Westfield lies in a floodplain zone and is still considered flood-prone. Westfield is bordered on the east by linear cliffs of volcanic trap rock known as East Mountain and Provin Mountain, they are part of the Metacomet Ridge, a mountainous trap rock ridgeline that stretches from Long Island Sound to nearly the Vermont border.
Both mountains are traversed by the 114-mile Metacomet-Monadnock Trail, that crosses the Westfield River with an ill-advised fording or a safer road-walk across the bridge at the junction of Routes 187 and 20. The next road obstacle for hikers in Westfield is the Massachusetts Turnpike, beneath which hikers can safely walk. Westfield is on the fringe of the greater Northeast meg
Alice Mary Dowd
Alice Mary Dowd was an American educator and author. She began teaching at the age of seventeen. Dowd taught for more than three decades before retiring in 1926, having had experience in all phases of the work, including district school substitute, evening school, private school, high school and Sunday school. Besides numerous uncollected poems, she published a volume entitled Vacation Verses in 1890. In 1906, she published Our Common Wild Flowers. With her sister, Luella Dowd Smith, she co-authored another book of poetry, Along the Way, in 1938. Dowd was an occasional contributor to papers, at one time, a regular contributor to the magazine edition of Pasadena News. Alice Mary Dowd was born in Frankford, West Virginia, December 1855 to Emily and Almeron Dowd, her parents were school-teachers of Puritan descent, their ancestors having landed in New England about the year 1630. In both families were found privates of the Revolutionary army. On her father's side, she was related to the old English family of Dudley.
She was the youngest of four children, though only her sister Luella survived childhood. Her other siblings were Emily Virginia. Dowd's early home was among the Berkshires, whence her parents removed to Westfield, Massachusetts, a town noted for its schools. Dowd was a delicate child, her parents hoped she would reach adulthood. Shy and reserved, at a young age, she showed a great love of nature and a deep appreciation of all natural beauty. Dowd was educated in the public schools of Westfield, she was graduated first rank from the English and classical departments of the high school, taking the two courses simultaneously. In the State Normal School (now Westfield State University, she studied optionals with the prescribed branches, composed a class hymn sung at her graduation, was the class poet, she took several courses in the Sauveur Summer School of Languages, which included foreign study and travel, fitted herself to give instruction in German. After graduation, she was employed as a teacher.
For more than a decade she held the position of first assistant in the high school of Stamford, Connecticut. Of scholarly attainments, she helped many young men to prepare for college, she published a volume of Vacation Verses. In 1904, she left Stamford to take a post as a German teacher at Pomona College, a member of the Claremont Colleges consortium in Los Angeles County. Two years she published a text book, Our Common Wild Flowers, which received mixed reviews from critics. Dowd returned east and between 1914 taught at Philmont High School in Philmont, New York, she joined the Women's Political Union of New York writing articles in support of women's suffrage. In 1915, she was hired as the assistant principal of Madalin High School in Madalin, she taught German at the high school in Trumansburg from 1918 through 1921, when she went to teach mathematics and history at the high school in Fort Plain. Dowd was hired in 1923 to teach history and mathematics at the Burnt Hills-Ballston Lake High School, where she remained until her retirement in June 1926.
For many years, she taught in Sunday schools. Dowd and her sister Luella, at that time known as Mrs. James W. Smith, left their homes in Hudson, New York upon her retirement and made a tour of western states with plans to permanently settle in California; the sisters co-authored a book of verses, Along the Way in 1938. Dowd was a member of the Daughters of the American Revolution and an associate member of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union, she enjoyed bicycle photography. In religion, Dowd was a Universalist, she survived her sister, who died July 7, 1941. In early 1943, while living in Hudson, New York, she received a gift of Florida oranges from her friends, Mr. and Mrs. Charles Rivenburg. Dowd died at her home in Hudson, on July 2, 1943, at the age of eighty-seven, is buried at Pine Hill Cemetery, in Westfield. Vacation Verses, 1890 Our Common Wild Flowers, 1906 Along the Way, 1938 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Alderman, Edwin Anderson. Library of Southern Literature: Biographical dictionary of authors.
Martin & Hoyt Company. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herringshaw, Thomas William. Herringshaw's Encyclopedia of American Biography of the Nineteenth Century: Accurate and Succinct Biographies of Famous Men and Women in All Walks of Life who are Or Have Been the Acknowledged Leaders of Life and Thought of the United States Since Its Formation.... American Publishers' Association; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: John William. Woman's Who's who of America: A Biographical Dictionary of Contemporary Women of the United States and Canada. American Commonwealth Company; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Pomona College. The Pomona College Catalogue... College Year: Register... Announcements.... Claremont, California: Pomona College; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Willard, Frances Elizabeth. Woman and Temperance: Or, The Work and Workers of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union.
Park Publishing Company. "1865 Massachusetts State Census: Westfield, Massachusetts". FamilyS