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Westlake High School (Texas)

Westlake High School is a public high school in unincorporated territory of Travis County, west of and adjacent to Austin. The school is a part of the Eanes Independent School District. Westlake High School is the only high school in the Eanes ISD and serves West Lake Hills, parts of Southwest Austin, parts of unincorporated Travis County; the school was established in 1969 and opened in 1970. In 2011, Westlake was ranked 72 on Newsweek Magazine's list of America's top High Schools. In 2012, Westlake was #160 in the Newsweek poll. In 2013, Westlake was #93 and in 2014, Westlake was #117. In high school rankings by The Washington Post, Westlake was #136 in 2014 and 2013. In 2012, it was #106 in The Washington Post poll, #59 in 2011, #52 in 2010. Westlake was moved to the state's highest classification in 2014 when Texas added a 6A classification. UIL Academic Meet Champions 1993 The Westlake Chaparrals compete in these sports - Volleyball, Cross Country, Basketball, Wrestling, Soccer, Golf, Track, Softball and Cheerleading.

Baseball - 1980, 1984 Boys Cross Country - 1979, 1981 Girls Cross Country - 1975, 1976, 1977, 1985, 1990 Football 1996, 2019 Boys Golf - 1980, 1996, 1999, 2001, 2009, 2010, 2014, 2017, 2018, 2019 Girls Golf 2019 Boys Swimming - 2006 Girls Swimming - 1980, 1996, 1997, 2007, 2008, 2014, 2015 Team Tennis - 1984, 1985, 1992, 2006, 2007, 2009 Volleyball - 1991, 1993, 2002, 2004 Rugby - 2015, 2016 The orchestra program has three full orchestras competing in UIL each year. The Westlake High School Chaparral Band has been named the Texas State Honor Band three times in its 30-year history. A select group of Chap Band student musicians performed at the bi-annual conference of the internationally recognized World Association for Symphonic Bands in Cincinnati, OH in July 2009; the invitation to perform at WASBE is the first extended to a high school band organization. Marching Band Sweepstakes Champions 1979, 1982 The Westlake Cheer Program's Red Team has won the 2013, 2014, 2015 UCA Super Varsity Division 1 National High School Cheerleading Championships.

Neptune High, the high school in Veronica Mars, is based on Westlake, where the father of writer-producer Rob Thomas once served as vice-principal. Westlake High School Westlake High School at the Wayback Machine Westlake High School at the Wayback Machine Westlake High School at the Wayback Machine - From the WHS Webmastering Class, prior to 2000

Jaguar Mark 1

The Jaguar Mark 1 is a British saloon car produced by Jaguar between 1955 and 1959. It was referred to in contemporary company documentation as the Jaguar 2.4 Litre and Jaguar 3.4 Litre. Its designation as Mark 1 was retroactive, following its October 1959 replacement by Jaguar's 2.4-litre Mark 2. The 2.4 Litre was the company's first small saloon since the end of its 1½ and 2½ Litre cars in 1949, was an immediate success outselling the larger much more expensive Jaguar saloons. The 2.4 Litre saloon was announced on 28 September 1955. The 3.4 Litre saloon announced 17 months in USA on 26 February 1957 was designed for the American market and was not at first available on the domestic market. In 1951 Jaguar relocated to Daimler's Browns Lane plant which provided not sufficient production capacity for their existing range, but enabled them to move into the middle-weight executive saloon sector occupied in the UK by cars such as the stately Humbers, the bulbous Standard Vanguard and the heavy Rover P4.

Jaguar's new 2.4 and 3.4 introduced a modern style and a new level of performance to this respectable company. Although having a family resemblance to the larger Mark VII, the Mark I differed in many ways, it was the first Jaguar with unitary construction of chassis. The independent front suspension featured double wishbones, coil springs, telescopic dampers, an anti-roll bar, all carried in a separate subframe mounted to the body by rubber bushes; the live rear axle used a simplified version of the D-Type suspension, with inverted semi-elliptic springs cantilevered into the main body frame with the rear quarter section carrying the axle and acting as trailing arms. Transverse location was secured by a Panhard rod, the system being a significant improvement over other contemporary Jaguar saloons and sports cars; the rear wheel track was some 4.5 in narrower than the front track and looked peculiar from behind, a feature, blamed for excessive understeer at low speed. It was reported to be better balanced at higher speeds - indeed, the narrower track was deemed to assist high speed straight-line stability and was a feature incorporated in many record-breaking cars of pre and post-War design.

It is probable that the narrower rear track was occasioned by the lack of a suitably dimensioned component from Salisbury, the axle manufacturer. The interior was of similar design to the contemporary Jaguar saloons and sports cars, with most of the dials and switches being located on the central dashboard between the driver and passenger; this arrangement reduced the differences between RHD versions. Although its profile was different from that of previous Jaguars, the side window surrounds and opening rear "no draught ventilator" windows are reminiscent of Jaguar Mark IV saloons. At launch the car had 11.125 in drum brakes but from the end of 1957 got the innovative option of disc brakes on all four wheels. The car was available in standard or special equipment versions with the former lacking a tachometer, windscreen washers, fog lights and cigarette lighter. Both versions did however have leather upholstery and polished walnut trim; the Mark 1 was offered with a 2.4 Litre short-stroke version of the XK120's twin-cam six-cylinder engine, first rated at 112bhp net by the factory at the launch in 1955.

From February 1957 the larger and heavier 3.4 Litre 210bhp unit used in the Jaguar Mark VIII became available in response to pressure from US Jaguar dealers. Wire wheels became available; the 3.4 had a larger front grille for better cooling, a stronger rear axle and rear-wheel covers were cut away to accommodate the wire wheels' knock-off hubcaps. The 2.4 Litre was given the larger grille. After 200 cars had been built and sent to USA and just prior to the car's announcement, a major factory fire destroyed 3.4 Litre production facilities. See Jaguar XKSS. In September 1957 a three-speed Borg-Warner automatic transmission became available with either engine, Dunlop disc brakes for all four wheels were made available as an optional extra on all Jaguar models except the Mark VIII saloon. 19,992 of the 2.4 and 17,405 of the 3.4 Litre versions were made. A 2.4 Litre saloon with overdrive was tested by the British magazine The Motor in 1956. It could accelerate from 0 -- 60 mph in 14.4 seconds. A fuel consumption of 18.25 miles per imperial gallon was recorded.

The test car cost £1532 including taxes. They went on to test a 3.4 Litre automatic saloon in 1957. This car had a top speed of 119.8 mph, acceleration from 0-60 mph in 11.2 seconds and a fuel consumption of 21.1 miles per imperial gallon was recorded. The test car cost £1864 including taxes of £622. A manual overdrive version of the 3.4 Litre was tested by The Autocar in June 1958. Its 0–60 mph time was 9.1 seconds, 0–100 mph in 26 seconds, little more than a second behind the contemporary XK150 with the same engine. Mark I 3.4 Litre saloons competed in many rallies, touring car, saloon car races, notable drivers including Stirling Moss, Mike Hawthorn, Tommy Sopwith, Roy Salvadori. In Australia, David McKay won the 1960 Australian Touring Car Championship at the wheel of a 3.4

Anthem (Toyah album)

Anthem is a 1981 album by Toyah. It was the band's most successful album, reaching number 2 in the UK Albums Chart and featuring the Top 10 singles "It's a Mystery" and "I Want to Be Free"; the album was certified Gold in 1981 for selling more than 100,000 copies in the UK. Original vinyl issues of the album came complete with a colour insert featuring photographs of the band wrapped in bandages, with various exposed body parts sprayed gold, Egyptian themed drawings across the lyrics pages. A picture disc variation, featuring the albums front and back artwork and no sleeve, was issued at the time. Side One - Once upon a Time..."I Want to Be Free" - 3:10 "Obsolete" - 2:36 "Pop Star" - 3:56 "Elocution Lesson" - 2:32 "Jungles of Jupiter" - 5:12 "I Am" - 3:22Side Two - Happy Ever After? "It's a Mystery" - 4:08 "Masai Boy" - 4:06 "Marionette" - 5:37 "Demolition Men" - 3:50 "We Are" - 3:13 "Revelations" - 3:34 "War Boys" - 3:39 "Angels & Demons" - 6:55 "Thunder in the Mountains" - 3:34 "Walkie Talkie" - 1:59 "Alien" - 3:28 "Revelations" - 3:34 "For You" - 3:06 "War Boys" - 3:39 "Angels & Demons" - 6:55"I Want to Be Free" Pop Star.

"Of all the songs,'Blue Meanings' and'Pop Star' are the most exciting to sing because they are both stunning and haven't aged, so when I sing them today I experience them today. I enjoy them and they make my hair stand on end.'Pop Star' is hard to sing because I need complete silence to perform it and that isn't going to happen, but practice on stage will help my confidence with the timing... It is thrilling that a 30 year old song can hold me spellbound and I can be proud of it." It's a Mystery. "'It's a Mystery' was never a favourite of mine but it has given me 30 years in the business, on many levels, as a singer and writer. If I'd just stuck with the indie sound I'd never have surfaced above cult popularity. Street cred always sounds nice but in practice it doesn't open the doors my name opens today, has done for the past 30 years." Toyah Willcox - vocals Joel Bogen - guitar Adrian Lee - keyboards Phil Spalding - bass Nigel Glockler - drumsProductionNick Tauber - producer Toyah - arrangements Phil Harding - engineer, mixing Simon Hanhart, Andy Lovell, Mark Wade, Keith Hale - assistant engineers

Pe (Cyrillic)

Pe is a letter of the Cyrillic script. It represents the unaspirated voiceless bilabial plosive /p/, like the pronunciation of ⟨p⟩ in "spin"; the Cyrillic letter Pe was derived from the Greek letter Pi. The name of Pe in the Early Cyrillic alphabet was покои, meaning "peaceful state". In the Cyrillic numeral system, Pe had a value of 80; the capital Cyrillic letter Pe looks like the Greek capital Pi from which it is derived, small Pe looks like a smaller version of the same, though with a less prominent horizontal bar. Pe is not to be confused with the Cyrillic letter El, which has a hook on its left leg in some fonts. In italics and handwriting, capital Pe looks identical to the Greek capital Pi in these forms; the lowercase forms, differ among the languages that use the Cyrillic alphabet. Small italic Cyrillic Pe ⟨п⟩ in the majority of fonts or handwritten styles looks like the small italic Latin N ⟨n⟩. In handwritten Serbian, however, it appears as a Latin U ⟨u⟩ with a bar over it ⟨ū⟩; as used in the alphabets of various languages, Pe represents the following sounds: voiceless bilabial plosive /p/, like the pronunciation of ⟨p⟩ in "pack" palatalized voiceless bilabial plosive /pʲ/The pronunciations shown in the table are the primary ones for each language.

Π π: Greek letter Pi Ԥ ԥ: Cyrillic letter Pe with descender Ҧ ҧ: Cyrillic letter Pe with middle hook Л л: Cyrillic letter El N n: Latin letter N P p: Latin letter P The dictionary definition of П at Wiktionary The dictionary definition of п at Wiktionary

Cost–benefit analysis

Cost–benefit analysis, sometimes called benefit–cost analysis or benefit costs analysis, is a systematic approach to estimating the strengths and weaknesses of alternatives used to determine options which provide the best approach to achieving benefits while preserving savings. A CBA may be used to compare completed or potential courses of actions, or to estimate the value against the cost of a decision, project, or policy, it is used in commercial transactions, business or policy decisions, project investments. CBA has two main applications: To determine if an investment is sound, ascertaining if – and by how much – its benefits outweigh its costs. To provide a basis for comparing investments, comparing the total expected cost of each option with its total expected benefits. CBA is related to cost-effectiveness analysis. Benefits and costs in CBA are expressed in monetary terms and are adjusted for the time value of money. Other related techniques include cost–utility analysis, risk–benefit analysis, economic impact analysis, fiscal impact analysis, social return on investment analysis.

Cost–benefit analysis is used by organizations to appraise the desirability of a given policy. It is an analysis of the expected balance of benefits and costs, including an account of any alternatives and the status quo. CBA helps predict whether the benefits of a policy outweigh its costs, relative to other alternatives; this allows the ranking of alternative policies in terms of a cost–benefit ratio. Accurate cost–benefit analysis identifies choices which increase welfare from a utilitarian perspective. Assuming an accurate CBA, changing the status quo by implementing the alternative with the lowest cost–benefit ratio can improve Pareto efficiency. Although CBA can offer an informed estimate of the best alternative, a perfect appraisal of all present and future costs and benefits is difficult; the value of a cost–benefit analysis depends on the accuracy of the individual cost and benefit estimates. Comparative studies indicate that such estimates are flawed, preventing improvements in Pareto and Kaldor–Hicks efficiency.

Interest groups may attempt to include significant costs in an analysis to influence its outcome. The concept of CBA dates back to an 1848 article by Jules Dupuit, was formalized in subsequent works by Alfred Marshall. Jules Dupuit pioneered this approach by first calculating "the social profitability of a project like the construction of a road or bridge" In an attempt to answer this, Dupuit began to look at the utility users would gain from the project, he determined that the best method of measuring utility is by learning one's willingness to pay for something. By taking the sum of each user's willingness to pay, Dupuit illustrated that the social benefit of the thing could be measured; some users may be willing to pay nearly nothing, others much more, but the sum of these would shed light on the benefit of it. It should be reiterated that Dupuit was not suggesting that the government price-discriminate and charge each user what they would pay. Rather, their willingness to pay provided a theoretical foundation on the societal worth or benefit of a project.

The cost of the project proved much simpler to calculate. Taking the sum of the materials and labor, in addition to the maintenance afterward, would give one the cost. Now, the costs and benefits of the project could be analyzed, an informed decision could be made; the Corps of Engineers initiated the use of CBA in the US, after the Federal Navigation Act of 1936 mandated cost–benefit analysis for proposed federal-waterway infrastructure. The Flood Control Act of 1939 was instrumental in establishing CBA as federal policy, requiring that "the benefits to whomever they accrue in excess of the estimated costs." CBA's application to broader public policy began with the work of Otto Eckstein, who laid out a welfare economics foundation for CBA and its application to water-resource development in 1958. It was applied in the US to water quality, recreational travel, land conservation during the 1960s, the concept of option value was developed to represent the non-tangible value of resources such as national parks.

CBA was expanded to address the intangible and tangible benefits of public policies relating to mental illness, substance abuse, college education, chemical waste. In the US, the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 required CBA for regulatory programs. Government guidebooks for the application of CBA to public policies include the Canadian guide for regulatory analysis, the Australian guide for regulation and finance, the US guides for health-care and emergency-management programs. CBA for transport investment began in the UK with the M1 motorway project and was used for many projects, including the London Underground's Victoria line; the New Approach to Appraisal was introduced by the Department for Transport and the Regions. This presented balanced cost -- detailed environmental impact assessments. NATA was first applied to national road schemes in the 1998 Roads Review, was subsequently rolled out to all transport modes. Maintained and developed by the Department for Transport, it was a cornerstone of UK transport appraisal in 2011.

The European

Wardha Valley Coalfield

Wardha Valley Coalfield is located in Chandrapur district in the Vidarbha region of the Indian state of Maharashtra. Wardha Valley Coalfied covers an area of about 4,130 km2 in the valley of the Wardha, a river in the Godavari basin, it extends in a North West – South East direction for about 115 km. Wardha Valley Coalfield is spread across Bhandar, new majri, Rajur-wani, Chandrapur and Wamanpalli. Wardha Valley Coalfield mines coal in a large measure by open cast mining. However, the availability of coal comparatively near to the surface is fast depleting; as a result, either the open cast mines have to be deepened or the costlier underground mining process resorted to. Coal-bearing areas in India are divided into two groups – Gondwana measures and tertiary measures. Gondwana coals occur in valleys of rivers such as Damodar, Mahanadi and Wardha. Tertiary coals are found in the lignite occurring areas. According to the Geological Survey of India, Wardha Valley Coalfield has total reserves of 5,343.60 million tonnes of non-coking coal, up to a depth of 1,200 m, out of which 2,783.51 million tonnes are proved reserves and the rest being indicated or inferred.

Bulk of the coal lies up to a depth of 300 m