The Eastern Plains of Colorado refers to a region of the U. S. state of Colorado east of the Rocky Mountains and east of the population centers of the Front Range. The Eastern Plains are part of the High Plains, which are the westernmost portion of the Great Plains; the region is characterized by rolling plains, divided by the South Platte River and Arkansas River valleys. There are several deciduous forests, buttes, a few large natural lakes and rivers throughout the region; the Eastern Plains rise from 3,400 feet at the eastern border of Colorado with Kansas, where the Arkansas River leaves the state, to 7,500 feet east of the Denver Basin. Most of the Eastern Plains region lies within Colorado's 4th congressional district; the Eastern Plains receive little rainfall. Much of the area relies on irrigation to survive. Summers are hot and dry bringing thunderstorms, which are severe, to the area, with some forming landspouts and tornadoes. Eastern Colorado winters are dry, with significant snowfalls and icy conditions.
Temperatures can sometimes fall to -40 to -30 degrees Fahrenheit in extreme cold waves, although this is rare. Eastern Colorado was once home to many Native American tribes; the Plains Indians that lived in the region included the Arapahoe, Kiowa and Sioux. The Ute people formally ruled all over central and western Colorado, onto the eastern plains as well; the Comanche once ruled all over southeastern Colorado, the Jicarilla Apache ruled in southeastern Colorado as well. In 1541, the Spanish came to the area now known as the south eastern portion of Colorado, in search of gold after hearing rumors in Mexico city. Not having found any gold, the Spanish left the area untouched. During the late 17th and 18th century Spain and France claimed southeastern Colorado. However, nobody settled the land. In 1803 the United States gained possession of the land east of Rocky Mountains with the Louisiana Purchase. Zebulon M. Pike was sent by the federal government to lay out the boundary lines of territory in 1806.
This expedition investigated the area now known as Colorado Springs. The prominent mountain in the area was named Pike's Peak after Pike, the leading commander of the exploration. There were multiple expeditions sent to lay out and explore the territory throughout the early 1800s; this created multiple trading posts with fur trades attracting many backcountry adventurers. There was still no permanent settlement created until after the conclusion of the Mexican War in 1848. San Luis was founded on the Culebra River in 1851. Spanish-speaking settlers who had moved north from New Mexico founded it. San Luis was shortly followed by settlements of San Acacio and Guadalupe; the Eastern Colorado plains are among the most sparsely populated areas in the continental United States. Some of the region, with the exception of comparatively urban areas like Sterling, is experiencing depopulation, which in some areas began with the influenza pandemic of 1918 and agricultural price collapses after World War I.
The Dust Bowl further accelerated this outmigration. Kiowa County demonstrates its associated effects. Both the Pawnee National Grasslands and Comanche National Grasslands are located in the Eastern Plains, they are composed of marginal farmlands that were withdrawn from agriculture and consolidated under federal control beginning in the Dust Bowl. Eastern Colorado is farmland, with many small farming communities; the major cash crops are corn, hay and soybeans. There is significant livestock farming and poultry farming, including chicken for meat and eggs, turkey farming. Most of the towns in the region have grain elevators and prominent water towers. Over 90% of the farms in Eastern Colorado are family farms. In Eastern Colorado most small towns have their own schools and sports teams, but in some parts where depopulation has been the worst, a single school is shared among surrounding towns. There are a number of schools serving students in grades K–12 run by religious groups or public school districts.
Eastern Colorado is one of the few remaining places in the United States with still operating one-room school houses. The most prominent religion in Eastern Colorado is Christianity, with Roman Catholicism the largest denomination. Eastern Colorado roads span the gamut from paved roads to gravel roads to dirt roads; the unpaved roads are county or local roads that do not receive enough traffic to be paved. Some of the major paved roads include: Interstate 76 Interstate 70 U. S. Highway 6 U. S. Highway 24 U. S. Highway 36 U. S. Highway 40 U. S. Highway 50 U. S. Highway 160 U. S. Highway 287 U. S. Highway 350 U. S. Highway 385 State Highway 10 State Highway 11 State Highway 36 State Highway 59 State Highway 71 State Highway 86 State Highway 94 State Highway 96 Shortgrass prairie Buffalo Commons
The Colorado Plateau known as the Colorado Plateau Province, is a physiographic and desert region of the Intermontane Plateaus centered on the Four Corners region of the southwestern United States. This province covers an area of 336, 700 km2 within western Colorado, northwestern New Mexico and eastern Utah, northern Arizona. About 90% of the area is drained by the Colorado River and its main tributaries: the Green, San Juan, Little Colorado. Most of the remainder of the plateau is drained by its tributaries; the Colorado Plateau is made up of high desert, with scattered areas of forests. In the southwest corner of the Colorado Plateau lies the Grand Canyon of the Colorado River. Much of the Plateau's landscape is related, in both appearance and geologic history, to the Grand Canyon; the nickname "Red Rock Country" suggests the brightly colored rock left bare to the view by dryness and erosion. Domes, fins, river narrows, natural bridges, slot canyons are only some of the additional features typical of the Plateau.
The Colorado Plateau has the greatest concentration of U. S. National Park Service units in the country outside the Washington, DC metropolitan area. Among its nine National Parks are Grand Canyon, Bryce Canyon, Capitol Reef, Arches, Mesa Verde, Petrified Forest. Among its 18 National Monuments are Bears Ears, Rainbow Bridge, Hovenweep, Sunset Crater Volcano, Grand Staircase-Escalante, Natural Bridges, Canyons of the Ancients, Chaco Culture National Historical Park and the Colorado National Monument; this province is bounded by the Rocky Mountains in Colorado, by the Uinta Mountains and Wasatch Mountains branches of the Rockies in northern and central Utah. It is bounded by the Rio Grande Rift, Mogollon Rim and the Basin and Range Province. Isolated ranges of the Southern Rocky Mountains such as the San Juan Mountains in Colorado and the La Sal Mountains in Utah intermix into the central and southern parts of the Colorado Plateau, it is composed of six sections: Uinta Basin Section High Plateaus Section Grand Canyon Section Canyon Lands Section Navajo Section Datil SectionAs the name implies, the High Plateaus Section is, on average, the highest section.
North-south trending normal faults that include the Hurricane, Grand Wash, Paunsaugunt separate the section's component plateaus. This fault pattern is caused by the tensional forces pulling apart the adjacent Basin and Range province to the west, making this section transitional. Occupying the southeast corner of the Colorado Plateau is the Datil Section. Thick sequences of mid-Tertiary to late-Cenozoic-aged lava covers this section. Development of the province has in large part been influenced by structural features in its oldest rocks. Part of the Wasatch Line and its various faults form the western edge of the province. Faults that run parallel to the Wasatch Fault that lies along the Wasatch Range form the boundaries between the plateaus in the High Plateaus Section; the Uinta Basin, Uncompahgre Uplift, the Paradox Basin were created by movement along structural weaknesses in the region's oldest rock. In Utah, the province includes several higher fault-separated plateaus: Awapa Plateau Aquarius Plateau Kaiparowits Plateau Markagunt Plateau Paunsaugunt Plateau Sevier Plateau Fishlake Plateau Pavant Plateau Gunnison Plateau and the Tavaputs Plateau.
Some sources include the Tushar Mountain Plateau as part of the Colorado Plateau, but others do not. The flat-lying sedimentary rock units that make up these plateaus are found in component plateaus that are between 4,900 to 11,000 feet above sea level. A supersequence of these rocks is exposed in the various cliffs and canyons that make up the Grand Staircase. Younger east-west trending escarpments of the Grand Staircase extend north of the Grand Canyon and are named for their color: Chocolate Cliffs, Vermillion Cliffs, White Cliffs, Gray Cliffs, the Pink Cliffs. Within these rocks are abundant mineral resources that include uranium, coal and natural gas. Study of the area's unusually clear geologic history has advanced that science. A rain shadow from the Sierra Nevada far to the west and the many ranges of the Basin and Range means that the Colorado Plateau receives six to sixteen inches of annual precipitation. Higher areas receive more precipitation and are covered in forests of pine and spruce.
Though it can be said that the Plateau centers on the Four Corners, Black Mesa in northern Arizona is much closer to the east-west, north-south midpoint of the Plateau Province. Lying southeast of Glen Canyon and southwest of Monument Valley at the north end of the Hopi Reservation, this remote coal-laden highland has about half of the Colorado Plateau's acreage north of it, half south of it, half west of it, half east of it; the Ancestral Puebloan People lived in the region from 2000 to 700 years ago. A party from Santa Fe led by Fathers Dominguez and Escalante, unsuccessfully seeking an overland route to California, made a five-month out-and-back trip through much of the Plateau in 1776-1777. Despite having lost one arm in the American Civil War, U. S. Army Major and geologist John Wesley Powell explored the area in 1869 and 1872. Using wooden oak boats and small groups of men the Powell Geographic Expedition charted this unknown region of the United States for the federal government. Construction of the Hoover Dam in the 1930s and the Glen Canyon Dam in the 1960s changed the character of the Colorado River.
Reduced sediment load changed its color from reddish brown t
Colorado is a state of the Western United States encompassing most of the southern Rocky Mountains as well as the northeastern portion of the Colorado Plateau and the western edge of the Great Plains. It is the 8th most extensive and 21st most populous U. S. state. The estimated population of Colorado was 5,695,564 on July 1, 2018, an increase of 13.25% since the 2010 United States Census. The state was named for the Colorado River, which early Spanish explorers named the Río Colorado for the ruddy silt the river carried from the mountains; the Territory of Colorado was organized on February 28, 1861, on August 1, 1876, U. S. President Ulysses S. Grant signed Proclamation 230 admitting Colorado to the Union as the 38th state. Colorado is nicknamed the "Centennial State" because it became a state one century after the signing of the United States Declaration of Independence. Colorado is bordered by Wyoming to the north, Nebraska to the northeast, Kansas to the east, Oklahoma to the southeast, New Mexico to the south, Utah to the west, touches Arizona to the southwest at the Four Corners.
Colorado is noted for its vivid landscape of mountains, high plains, canyons, plateaus and desert lands. Colorado is part of the western and southwestern United States, is one of the Mountain States. Denver is most populous city of Colorado. Residents of the state are known as Coloradans, although the antiquated term "Coloradoan" is used. Colorado is notable for its diverse geography, which includes alpine mountains, high plains, deserts with huge sand dunes, deep canyons. In 1861, the United States Congress defined the boundaries of the new Territory of Colorado by lines of latitude and longitude, stretching from 37°N to 41°N latitude, from 102°02'48"W to 109°02'48"W longitude. After 158 years of government surveys, the borders of Colorado are now defined by 697 boundary markers and 697 straight boundary lines. Colorado and Utah are the only states that have their borders defined by straight boundary lines with no natural features; the southwest corner of Colorado is the Four Corners Monument at 36°59'56"N, 109°2'43"W.
This is the only place in the United States where four states meet: Colorado, New Mexico and Utah. The summit of Mount Elbert at 14,440 feet elevation in Lake County is the highest point in Colorado and the Rocky Mountains of North America. Colorado is the only U. S. state that lies above 1,000 meters elevation. The point where the Arikaree River flows out of Yuma County and into Cheyenne County, Kansas, is the lowest point in Colorado at 3,317 feet elevation; this point, which holds the distinction of being the highest low elevation point of any state, is higher than the high elevation points of 18 states and the District of Columbia. A little less than half of Colorado is flat and rolling land. East of the Rocky Mountains are the Colorado Eastern Plains of the High Plains, the section of the Great Plains within Nebraska at elevations ranging from 3,350 to 7,500 feet; the Colorado plains are prairies but include deciduous forests and canyons. Precipitation averages 15 to 25 inches annually. Eastern Colorado is presently farmland and rangeland, along with small farming villages and towns.
Corn, hay and oats are all typical crops. Most villages and towns in this region boast both a grain elevator. Irrigation water is available from subterranean sources. Surface water sources include the South Platte, the Arkansas River, a few other streams. Subterranean water is accessed through artesian wells. Heavy use of wells for irrigation caused underground water reserves to decline. Eastern Colorado hosts considerable livestock, such as hog farms. 70% of Colorado's population resides along the eastern edge of the Rocky Mountains in the Front Range Urban Corridor between Cheyenne and Pueblo, Colorado. This region is protected from prevailing storms that blow in from the Pacific Ocean region by the high Rockies in the middle of Colorado; the "Front Range" includes Denver, Fort Collins, Castle Rock, Colorado Springs, Pueblo and other townships and municipalities in between. On the other side of the Rockies, the significant population centers in Western Colorado are the cities of Grand Junction and Montrose.
The Continental Divide of the Americas extends along the crest of the Rocky Mountains. The area of Colorado to the west of the Continental Divide is called the Western Slope of Colorado. West of the Continental Divide, water flows to the southwest via the Colorado River and the Green River into the Gulf of California. Within the interior of the Rocky Mountains are several large parks which are high broad basins. In the north, on the east side of the Continental Divide is the North Park of Colorado; the North Park is drained by the North Platte River, which flows north into Nebraska. Just to the south of North Park, but on the western side of the Continental Divide, is the Middle Park of Colorado, drained by the Colorado River; the South Park of Colorado is the region of the headwaters of the South Platte River. In southmost Colorado is the large San Luis Valley, where the headwaters of the Rio Grande are located; the valley sits between the Sangre De Cristo Mountains and San Juan Mountains, consists of large desert lands that run into the mountains.
The Rio Grande drains due south into New Mexico and Texas. Across the Sangre de Cristo Range to the east of the S
State schools are primary or secondary schools mandated for or offered to all children without charge, funded in whole or in part by taxation. While such schools are to be found in every country, there are significant variations in their structure and educational programs. State education encompasses primary and secondary education, as well as post-secondary educational institutions such as universities and technical schools that are funded and overseen by government rather than by private entities; the position before there were government-funded schools varied: in many instances there was an established educational system which served a significant, albeit elite, sector of the population. The introduction of government-organised schools was in some cases able to build upon this established system, both systems have continued to exist, sometimes in a parallel and complementary relationship and other times less harmoniously. State education is inclusive, both in its treatment of students and in that enfranchisement for the government of public education is as broad as for government generally.
It is organised and operated to be a deliberate model of the civil community in which it functions. Although provided to groups of students in classrooms in a central school, it may be provided in-home, employing visiting teachers, and/or supervising teachers, it can be provided in non-school, non-home settings, such as shopping mall space. State education is available to all. In most countries, it is compulsory for children to attend school up to a certain age, but the option of attending private school is open to many. In the case of private schooling, schools operate independently of the state and defray their costs by charging parents tuition fees; the funding for state schools, on the other hand, is provided by tax revenues, so that individuals who do not attend school help to ensure that society is educated. In poverty stricken societies, authorities are lax on compulsory school attendance because child labour is exploited, it is these same children whose income-securing labour cannot be forfeited to allow for school attendance.
The term "public education" when applied to state schools is not synonymous with the term "publicly funded education". Government may make a public policy decision that it wants to have some financial resources distributed in support of, it may want to have some control over, the provision of private education. Grants-in-aid of private schools and vouchers systems provide examples of publicly funded private education. Conversely, a state school may rely on private funding such as high fees or private donations and still be considered state by virtue of governmental ownership and control. State primary and secondary education involves the following: compulsory student attendance. In some countries, private associations or churches can operate schools according to their own principles, as long as they comply with certain state requirements; when these specific requirements are met in the area of the school curriculum, the schools will qualify to receive state funding. They are treated financially and for accreditation purposes as part of the state education system though they make decisions about hiring and school policy, which the state might not make itself.
Government schools are free to attend for Australian citizens and permanent residents, whereas independent schools charge attendance fees. They can be divided into two categories: selective schools; the open schools accept all students from their government-defined catchment areas. Government schools educate 65% of Australian students, with 34% in Catholic and independent schools. Regardless of whether a school is part of the Government or independent systems, they are required to adhere to the same curriculum frameworks of their state or territory; the curriculum framework however provides for some flexibility in the syllabus, so that subjects such as religious education can be taught. Most school students wear uniforms. Public or Government funded; these schools teach students from Year 1 to 10, with examinations for students in years 5, 8, 10. All public schools follow the National Board Curriculum. Many children girls, drop out of school after completing the 5th Year in remote areas. In larger cities such as Dhaka, this is uncommon.
Many good public schools conduct an entrance exam, although most public schools in the villages and small towns do not. Public schools are the only option for parents and children in rural areas, but there are large numbers of private schools in Dhaka and Chittagong. Many Bangladeshi private schools teach their students in English and follow curricula from overseas, but in public schools lessons are taught in Bengali. Per the Canadian constitution, public-school education in Canada is a provincial responsibility and, as such, there are many variations among the provinces. Junior kindergarten exists as an official program in only Ontario and Quebec while kindergarten is available in every province, but provincial funding and the level of ho
High Plains (United States)
The High Plains are a subregion of the Great Plains in the Western United States, but partly in the Midwest states of Nebraska and South Dakota encompassing the western part of the Great Plains before the region reaches the Rocky Mountains. The High Plains are located in southeastern Wyoming, southwestern South Dakota, western Nebraska, eastern Colorado, western Kansas, eastern New Mexico, western Oklahoma, south of the Texas Panhandle; the southern region of the Western High Plains ecology region contains the geological formation known as Llano Estacado which can be seen from a short distance or on satellite maps. From east to west, the High Plains rise in elevation from around 1,160 feet to over 7,800 feet; the term "Great Plains", for the region west of about the 96th or 98th meridian and east of the Rocky Mountains, was not used before the early 20th century. Nevin Fenneman's 1916 study, Physiographic Subdivision of the United States, brought the term Great Plains into more widespread usage.
Prior to 1916, the region was invariably called the High Plains, in contrast to the lower Prairie Plains of the Midwestern states. Today the term "High Plains" is used for a subregion instead of the whole of the Great Plains; the High Plains has a "cold semi-arid" climate—Köppen BSk—receiving between 10–20 inches of precipitation annually. Due to low moisture and high elevation, the High Plains experiences wide ranges and extremes in temperature; the temperature range from day to night is 30 °F, 24-hour temperature shifts of 100 °F are possible, as evidenced by a weather event that occurred in Browning, Montana from January 23, 1916 to January 24, 1916, when the temperature fell from 44 to −56 °F. This is the world record for the greatest temperature change in 24 hours; the region is known for the steady, sometimes intense, winds that prevail from the west. The winds add a considerable wind chill factor in the winter; the development of wind farms in the High Plains is one of the newest areas of economic development.
The High Plains are anomalously high in elevation. An explanation has been proposed to explain this high elevation; as the Farallon plate was subducted into the mantle beneath the region, water trapped in hydrous minerals in the descending slab was forced up into the lower crust above. Within the crust this water caused the hydration of dense garnet and other phases into lower density amphibole and mica minerals; the resulting increase in crustal volume raised the elevation about one mile. Typical plant communities of the region are prickly pear cacti and scrub. Sagebrush steppe is present in high and dry areas closer to the Rocky Mountains. Agriculture in the forms of cattle ranching and the growing of wheat and sunflowers is the primary economic activity in the region; the aridity of the region dryland farming methods or irrigation. Some areas of the High Plains have significant petroleum and natural gas deposits; the combination of oil, natural gas, wind energy along with plentiful underground water, has allowed some areas to sustain a range of economic activity, including occasional industry.
For example, the ASARCO refinery in Amarillo, Texas has been in operation since 1924 due to the plentiful and inexpensive natural gas and water that are needed in metal ore refining. The High Plains has one of the lowest population densities of any region in the continental United States. In contrast to the rather low and stagnant population in the northern and western High Plains, cities in west Texas have shown sustained growth. Smaller towns, on the other hand struggle to sustain their population. High Plains Regional Climate Center High Plains climatological resources High Plains information - U. S. Department of the Interior Trains on the High Plains Texas counties map showing the ecoregion
Denver metropolitan area
Denver is the central city of a conurbation region in the U. S. state of Colorado. The conurbation includes one continuous region consisting of the six central counties of Adams, Broomfield, Denver and Jefferson; the Denver region is part of the Front Range Urban Corridor. The United States Office of Management and Budget has delineated the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area consisting of ten Colorado counties: the City and County of Denver, Arapahoe County, Jefferson County, Adams County, Douglas County, the City and County of Broomfield, Elbert County, Park County, Clear Creek County, Gilpin County; the United States Census Bureau estimates that the population was 2,888,227 as of July 1, 2017, an increase of +13.55% since the 2010 United States Census, ranking as the 19th most populous metropolitan statistical area of the United States. The Office of Management and Budget delineated the more extensive Denver–Aurora combined statistical area comprising the Denver-Aurora-Lakewood Metropolitan Statistical Area, the Boulder Metropolitan Statistical Area, the Greeley Metropolitan Statistical Area.
The central part of the metropolitan statistical area includes Denver and three adjacent counties: Jefferson County to the west, Adams County to the north and east, Arapahoe County to the south and east. The continuously urbanized area extends northwest into the City and County of Broomfield, bordering Jefferson and Adams counties, south into Douglas County, adjoining Arapahoe County. Included in the federally defined MSA are four rural counties: Elbert County on the southeastern prairie and Clear Creek and Park counties in the Rocky Mountains; the Denver-Aurora-Lakewood Metropolitan Statistical Area comprises ten counties. The sortable table below includes the following information: The official name of the county, The county population as of July 1, 2017, as estimated by the United States Census Bureau, The county population as of April 1, 2010, as enumerated by the 2010 United States Census, The percent population change from April 1, 2010, to July 1, 2017. Arvada Aurora Centennial Denver Lakewood Thornton Westminster Berkley Brighton Broomfield Castle Rock Columbine Commerce City Englewood Federal Heights Golden Greenwood Village Highlands Ranch Ken Caryl Littleton Northglenn Parker Sherrelwood Welby Wheat Ridge Acres Green Applewood Alma Aspen Park Bailey Black Hawk Byers Carriage Club Pines Castle Pines North Central City Cherry Hills Village Coal Creek Columbine Valley Cottonwood Deer Trail Derby Downieville-Lawson-Dumont East Pleasant View Edgewater Elizabeth Empire Evergreen Fairplay Foxfield Franktown Genesee Georgetown Glendale Grand View Estates Heritage Hills Idaho Springs Indian Hills Kiowa Kittredge Lakeside Larkspur Lochbuie Lone Tree Louviers Meridian Montbello Morrison Mountain View North Washington Perry Park Ponderosa Park Roxborough Park Sedalia Sheridan Silver Plume Simla St. Mary's Stonegate Strasburg The Pinery Todd Creek Twin Lakes Westcreek West Pleasant View Boulder Longmont Lafayette Louisville Superior Dacono Firestone Fort Lupton Frederick The Denver Regional Council of Governments is a regional planning and inter-governmental coordination organization in a nine-county region.
The Scientific and Cultural Facilities District provides funding for scientific and cultural facilities in a seven-county region including: The Denver Museum of Nature and Science The Denver Zoo The Denver Art Museum The Denver Center for the Performing Arts The Denver Botanic GardensIn addition, the Regional Transportation District provides mass transit, including a light rail system. In 2005 the RTD developed a twelve-year comprehensive plan, called "FasTracks", to build and operate rail transit lines and expand and improve bus service throughout the region; the most prosperous parts of the area are in the south, while the most industrialized areas are in the northeast in the northern part of Denver proper and extending to areas such as Commerce City in Adams County. Changes in house prices for the area are publicly tracked on a regular basis using the Case–Shiller index. Electricity is provided by Xcel Energy. Cable television is provided by Comcast; the following table shows sports teams in the Denver metropolitan area that average more than 12,000 fans per game: The center of the metropolitan area sits in a valley, the Denver Basin, suffers from air pollution known colloquially as the brown cloud, building up if the air is stagnant as it is in the winter.
Severity of pollution in this area has varied enormously over the years. In the late 1980s the area was in violation of multiple National Ambient Air Quality Standards established by the United States Environmental Protection Agency; the Regional Air Quality Council was formed in 1989 to create plans to address the problem. Through a variety of measures the area's air quality was improved and in 2002 the EPA designated the area in compliance with all federal health-based air quality standards. Denver was the first major city in the United States to reach compliance with all six of these standards after violating five of them. Since the EPA introduced a new standard for small particulates and made the existing ozone standard stricter. In 2003 the new ozone standard was exceeded in the area and was exceeded as far away as
Law of Colorado
The law of Colorado consists of several levels, including constitutional, regulatory and case law. The Colorado Revised Statutes form the general statutory law; the Constitution of Colorado is the foremost source of state law. Legislation is enacted by the Colorado General Assembly, published in the Session Laws of Colorado, codified in the Colorado Revised Statutes. State agencies promulgate regulations in the Colorado Register, which are in turn codified in the Code of Colorado Regulations. Colorado's legal system is based on common law, interpreted by case law through the decisions of the Supreme Court and the Court of Appeals, which are published in the Colorado Reporter and Pacific Reporter. Counties and municipalities may promulgate local ordinances. In addition, there are several sources of persuasive authority, which are not binding authority but are useful to lawyers and judges insofar as they help to clarify the current state of the law; the foremost source of state law is the Constitution of Colorado, which like other state constitutions derives its power and legitimacy from the sovereignty of the people.
The Colorado Constitution in turn is subordinate only to the Constitution of the United States, the supreme law of the land. Pursuant to the state constitution, the Colorado General Assembly has enacted various laws; the bills and concurrent resolutions passed by a particular General Assembly session, together with those resolutions and memorials designated for printing by the House of Representatives and the Senate, are contained in the Session Laws of Colorado. These in turn have been codified in the Colorado Revised Statutes. Pursuant to certain broadly worded statutes, state agencies have promulgated an enormous body of regulations, published in the Colorado Register and codified in the Code of Colorado Regulations, which carry the force of law to the extent they do not conflict with any statutes or the state or federal Constitutions. Colorado's legal system is based on a political party common law. Like all U. S. states except Louisiana, Colorado has a reception statute providing for the "reception" of English law.
All statutes and ordinances are subject to judicial review. Pursuant to common law tradition, the courts of Colorado have developed a large body of case law through the decisions of the Colorado Supreme Court and the Colorado Court of Appeals. There is no official reporter; the Colorado Reporter is an unofficial reporter for appellate decisions from 1883. Decisions of the Colorado Supreme Court were published in the official Colorado Reports from 1864 to 1980, decisions of the Court of Appeals were published in the official Colorado Court of Appeals Reports from 1891 to 1980. Colorado is divided into 64 counties, as well as some 271 active incorporated municipalities, including 196 towns, 73 cities, two consolidated city and county governments. Colorado counties have the authority to adopt and enforce ordinances and resolutions regarding health and welfare issues "as otherwise prescribed by law" which are not in conflict with any state statute, as well as the power to adopt ordinances for control or licensing of those matters of purely local concern in a number of policy areas.
All such ordinances of a general or permanent nature and those imposing any fine, penalty, or forfeiture must be published. Colorado municipalities have the power to adopt ordinances which are necessary and proper to provide for the safety, preserve the health, promote the prosperity, improve the morals, order and convenience of the municipality and its inhabitants and which are not in conflict with any laws, have the power to enforce them with fines of up to $2,650.00, imprisonment for up to one year or both. All such ordinances of a general or permanent nature and those imposing any fine, penalty, or forfeiture must be published in a local newspaper, or three local public places otherwise. Drug policy of Colorado Capital punishment in Colorado Felony murder rule Gun laws in Colorado Politics of Colorado Law enforcement in Colorado Crime in Colorado Law of the United States Colorado Revised Statutes from LexisNexis Colorado Revised Statutes from the Colorado Office of Legislative Legal Services Colorado Revised Statutes from Public.
Resource. Org Code of Colorado Regulations from the Colorado Secretary of State Session Laws of Colorado from the Office of Legislative Legal Services Colorado Session Laws Digital Collection from the University of Colorado Law School Colorado Register from the Colorado Secretary of State Supreme Court and Court of Appeals opinions from the Colorado Bar Association Supreme Court opinions from the Colorado State Court Administrator Court of Appeals opinions from the Colorado State Court Administrator Denver Revised Municipal Code from Municode Local ordinance codes from Public. Resource. Org