Lake, Isle of Wight
Lake is a large village and civil parish located on Sandown Bay, on the Isle of Wight, England. It is six miles south-east of Newport situated between Sandown and Shanklin, 1 1⁄2 miles to the east of the hamlet of Apse Heath. Lake is named after the Old English "Lacu" referring to the creek that ran along, has been artificially widened into what is now Scotchells Brook, between the Isle of Wight Airport, the Morrisons Superstore and the Spithead Industrial Park; the high street that runs through Lake has not changed much since the early 20th century. However, the village war memorial, constructed in 1920, has been relocated behind the Fairway Bus Shelter due to having been run down twice by carelessly driven lorries; the thatched building at Merrie Gardens dates from the 17th century and is the oldest surviving building in Lake. Lake is a seaside village situated above the cliffs on Sandown bay, it stands at an elevation of 63 feet above sea-level. Lake's beach or'Welcome Beach' has golden sands and reached by a steep path down the sandstone cliffs to the Revetment.
It has beach huts, a Sea Scout hut and inshore lifeboat. A large public park called Los Altos starts at the boundary between Sandown. Another large park called Lake Cliff Gardens borders the cliffs that back onto the beach and stretches between Lake and Shanklin. Local wildlife includes Pipistrelle bats at Los Altos, kestrels along the Cliff Path and Common Toads which spawn in the disused reservoir behind the Mall; the wetlands of the River Yar are an SSSI supporting newts and wildfowl. The village has the Broadlea primary school at Blackpan and a Church of England Secondary The Bay School at the bottom of the Fairway. There are several pubs including The Porter Club and a Townswomens' Guild. Local businesses include Downer & White undertakers, Swinton Insurance, Allegri accountants, RSPCA charity shop and a veterinary practice; the village features an Indian and Chinese Restaurant plus two Chinese takeaways, a kebab shop and Lake Fish Bar. There are a doctor's pharmacy; the disused medical clinic at the corner of Lake Hill and the Fairway is now a Co-Operative funeral parlour.
There were two pubs in the village - The Stag and the Manor House. The Manor House has since reopened as a Tesco Metro. However, another pub, "The Merrie Garden" has opened near the Morrison's store. Alongside The Merrie Garden pub, a new Premier Inn has been built, it opened in late 2015. A branch of KFC is under construction nearby, will open in December 2018. Sandown & Shanklin Golf Course is behind the Rugby Club in front; the village has a Methodist Church, opened in 1956 and upgraded from 2009-11 with the addition of a church hall. The old church, built in 1877, compleat with a hall and schoolroom is now a multi-purpose building with both halls being converted into housing; the Anglican Church of the Good Shepherd, constructed designed in 1892, is in the village. Construction finished in May 1894 and it replaced the former Little Iron Church of 1876. There is a Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses. Public transport is provided by Southern Vectis bus routes 2, 3 and 8 - which run between Newport, Sandown, Shanklin and Bembridge.
Night buses operate on Saturday nights. Having opened in 1987, Lake railway station was the newest on the island until the construction of a station at Smallbrook Junction in 1994; the station is placed in the heart of a quiet residential area close to Lake Cliff Gardens. Some current photographs Historical photographs of Lake from the Francis Frith collection Hilton Price's Nostalgic Lake
Grade I listed buildings on the Isle of Wight
There are over 9,300 Grade I listed buildings in England. This page is a list of these buildings in the county of Isle of Wight. In the United Kingdom, the term listed building refers to a building or other structure designated as being of special architectural, historical, or cultural significance. Listing was begun by a provision in the Town and Country Planning Act 1947. Once listed, strict limitations are imposed on the modifications allowed to a building's structure or fittings. In England, the authority for listing under the Planning Act 1990 rests with English Heritage, a non-departmental public body sponsored by the Department for Culture and Sport. Grade II* listed buildings on the Isle of Wight Media related to Grade I listed buildings on the Isle of Wight at Wikimedia Commons English Heritage Images of England
Brighstone is a village and civil parish on the Isle of Wight, 6 miles southwest of Newport on the B3399 road. Brighstone was known as "Brixton"; the name derives from the Saxon name "Ecgbert's Tun". Brighstone is the largest village in the area locally known as the Back of the Wight and extends toward Limerstone and Mottistone. In Roman times a villa was built to the north, to take advantage of the clean waters of the Buddle Brook. Brighstone history dates back to the 9th century when it was given to the Bishopric of Winchester by King Egbert. Brighstone parish was formed in 1644; the civil parish comprises the main village of Brighstone together with the smaller villages of Brook, Hulverstone and Mottistone. The entire parish lies within an area of the Isle of Wight AONB and its coastline is designated as Heritage Coast and Site of Special Scientific Interest. St. Mary's Church, Brighstone is a venerable old church that has stood for more than eight centuries; the village features Brighstone Shop and Museum, owned by the National Trust, displaying exhibitions on village life in the 19th century and contains a wealth of information about the Brighstone lifeboats.
Brighstone is popular with tourists for local shops. Several large events are hosted in the village each year, including the Brighstone Show, Art exhibitions and the Brighstone Christmas Tree Festival; the local scout hut functions as a Youth Hostel during the summer. The village pub is called The Three Bishops, named after three rectors of Brighstone parish who went on to become famous bishops; the first was the 17th-century Bishop Ken who wrote the famous hymns "Awake my soul and with the sun" and "Glory to Thee my God this night". Bishop Samuel Wilberforce became rector in 1830, used to entertain his father, anti-slavery campaigner William Wilberforce. Wilberforce Road is named after him, Brighstone's village hall is called the Wilberforce Hall; the third bishop, Doctor George Moberly, was headmaster of Winchester College before changing career to become rector of Brighstone in 1866. Another notable person who lived in the village in the 19th century was the clergyman and amateur palaeontologist William Fox, who discovered several species of dinosaur in Brighstone Bay.
The village is linked to other parts of the island by Southern Vectis bus route 12, serving Freshwater and Newport as well as intermediate villages. Brighstone Bay Brighstone Forest Brighstone Down Brighstone Christmas Tree Festival St. Mary's Church, Brighstone Brighstone Parish official website
Freshwater, Isle of Wight
Freshwater is a large village and civil parish at the western end of the Isle of Wight, England. Freshwater Bay is a small cove on the south coast of the Island which gives its name to the nearby part of Freshwater. Freshwater sits at the western end of the region known as the Back of the Wight or the West Wight, a popular tourist area. Freshwater is close to steep chalk cliffs, it was the birthplace of physicist Robert Hooke and was the home of Poet Laureate Alfred Lord Tennyson. Freshwater is famous for its geology and coastal rock formations that have resulted from centuries worth of coastal erosion; the "Arch Rock" was a well-known local landmark that collapsed on 25 October 1992. The neighbouring "Stag Rock" is so named because a stag leaped to the rock from the cliff to escape during a hunt. Another huge slab fell off the cliff face in 1968, is now known as the "Mermaid Rock". Behind Mermaid Rock lies a small Sea cave that cuts several metres into the new cliff. Freshwater's beach is popular.
It is sandy but it is covered in chalk from the nearby cliffs, gathered by tourists as souvenirs. Freshwater features an excellent example of The Albion; the Albion was built around the time Freshwater became popularised as a coastal resort, is still popular today. However, heavy storms which lift rocks and other debris from the beach means that the building's exterior walls have to be repainted, with cracks and dents in the walls being repaired too; the hills above Freshwater are named after Tennyson. On the nearby Tennyson Down is a Cornish granite cross erected in 1897 in tribute to Tennyson, "by the people of Freshwater, other friends in England and America." There is a hill in the area called'Hooke Hill', named for Robert Hooke. All Saints' Church, Freshwater is one of the oldest churches on the Isle of Wight, was listed in the Domesday survey of 1086. Mark Whatson is the pastor of All Saints, an Anglican church in the Anglican Diocese of Portsmouth. A primary school associated with the church is nearby.
There is a marble memorial commemorating Tennyson in All Saints Church. Tennyson's wife Emily and other family members are buried in the church cemetery; the church is the site of a memorial to Tennyson's son, Lionel Tennyson, who died of malaria in 1886. Dimbola Lodge, the home of Julia Margaret Cameron and now a photographic museum, is in the village of Freshwater Bay, part of Freshwater. There is a tearoom and bookstore. Tennyson's son, Hallam donated land for a new church in Freshwater Bay. Hallam's wife Audrey suggested. St. Agnes' Church, Freshwater was consecrated on 12 August 1908, it is the only thatched church on the Isle of Wight. Freshwater was the site of the largest station on the Freshwater and Newport Railway that operated from 20 July 1889 to 21 September 1953; the station location is now occupied by a garden centre. Freshwater is near the source of the Western Yar. Freshwater Marshes are a Site of Special Scientific Interest, a large part of the Marshes are a Local Nature Reserve called Afton Marshes.
At the western end of Freshwater Bay on a bluff are the remains of Fort Redoubt known as Fort Freshwater or Freshwater Redoubt, a Palmerston Fort. Fort Redoubt was built in 1855-1856 to protect Freshwater Bay, was in use until the early 20th century, it was sold by the military in 1928. Presently, part of it is a private residence, other portions are being developed as holiday flats. A doorway carved into the cliff below the fort was the main access to the building from the beach, although most of the iron stairway that gave access has broken up due to the repeated actions of rust and the tide. Two unusual structures that have been described as ice houses, pottery kilns or crematoria are found on Moons Hill in Freshwater. Robert Walker was the first to excavate these features in the 1890s, he thought they were evidence of a Phoenician settlement in Freshwater. Chemical analyses suggest that they were most lime kilns; the renowned scientist Robert Hooke was born in Freshwater in 1635. His father John Hooke was the curate of All Saints Church in Freshwater.
When Hooke's father died in 1648, Hooke left Freshwater for London to be apprenticed to portrait painter Peter Lely. After that, he went to Westminster School and Oxford. Painter George Morland lived in Freshwater in a structure known as the "Cabin" around 1800. British Poet laureate Alfred Lord Tennyson lived at nearby Farringford House. Tennyson lived at Farringford from 1853 until the end of his life in 1892. Tennyson wrote of Farringford: “Where, far from noise and smoke of townI watch the twilight falling brown,All round a careless-ordered garden,Close to the ridge of a noble down.” Tennyson rented Farringford in 1853, bought it in 1856. He found that there were too many starstruck tourists who pestered him in Farringford, so he moved to "Aldworth", a stately home on a hill known as Blackdown between Lurgashall and Fernhurst, about 2 km south of Haslemere in West Sussex in 1869. However, he returned to Farringford to spend the winters. Pioneering photographer Julia Margaret Cameron lived in Freshwater at Dimbola Lodge from 1860 to 1875.
In 1960, Dekyi Tseri, mother of the current Dalai Lama, stayed at the guest house of Sir Basil Gould's widow Cecily in Freshwater for six weeks. Tseri, known to Tibetans as "Amala", meaning "The Great Mother", was recuperating after a throat operation to remove a benign polyp performed at St. Mary's Hospital in London. Freshwater was the birthplace of Sir Vivian Ernest Fuchs FRS (1
Ventnor is a seaside resort and civil parish established in the Victorian era on the south-east coast of the Isle of Wight, eleven miles from Newport. It is situated south of St Boniface Down, built on steep slopes leading down to the sea; the higher part is referred to as Upper Ventnor. Ventnor is sometimes taken to include the nearby and older settlements of St Lawrence and Bonchurch, which are covered by its town council; the population of the parish in 2016 was about 5,800. Ventnor became fashionable as both a health and holiday resort in the late 19th century, described as the'English Mediterranean' and'Mayfair by the Sea'. Medical advances during the early twentieth century reduced its role as a health resort and, like other British seaside resorts, its summer holiday trade suffered the changing nature of travel during the latter part of that century, its sheltered location beneath the hilly chalk downland produces a microclimate with more sunny days and fewer frosts than the rest of the island.
This allows many species of subtropical plant to flourish. Ventnor retains a Victorian character, has an active arts scene, is regaining popularity as a place to visit. While Bonchurch and St Lawrence both have churches dating back to the Norman era, the area in-between that became Ventnor was unremarkable until the 19th century. In Anglo-Saxon times it was known as Holeweia, which by the 12th century had become Holeweye, or hollow way. By 1617 its name appears as Ventnor named after the family name le Vyntener. There are indications of Bronze Age settlement, with burial mounds on the nearby downs, excavations have evidenced small scale settlement in the area during both the Iron Age and the early Roman period; these include middens and palaeoenvironmental deposits at Binnel Bay, Woody Bay, St Catherine's Point and Rocken End. The Isle of Wight was the last part of England to be converted to Christianity, Saint Boniface is believed to have preached locally in the 8th century. During the 13th century, the area was covered by the manors of Holloway and Steephill, both belonging to the Lisle family.
A 1992 archaeological survey found evidence of a medieval settlement at Flowers Brook, referred to in a 1327 subsidy roll as Villata de steple. This area was subsequently incorporated into two farms, with some cottages on the site demolished in 1834. Ventnor watermill, on a site just north of the current cascade, is first mentioned in 1327, was destroyed by fire in 1848, rebuilt by 1853, demolished in 1875. In the early nineteenth century, in addition to the mill, Ventnor consisted of a few fishermen's huts by the cove, a couple of inns, a farm. In 1804, it was described by John Britton as a "hamlet...formed by a range of neat cottages chiefly inhabited by fishermen, open to the sea in front, backed by woods and the high downs". The area was divided between the parishes of Newchurch. In 1820 both of the manors were sold to other building speculators; the spur for expansion was the publication in 1830 of the second edition of physician James Clark's book: The influence of climate on disease. This identified the microclimate of Ventnor and the Undercliff as ideal for people with chest complaints, at a time when consumption was a common cause of death.
Thereafter Ventnor developed rapidly into a town, with numerous hotels and boarding houses targeting sick visitors during the winter, a wider range of shops than would be expected for a town of its size. In 1844 Parliament passed an Act "for better paving, lighting and otherwise improving part of the parish of Newchurch, called Ventnor, for establishing a market therein". However, not everyone was enamoured with the fast-growing town: in 1845, after recounting the positive reviews of others, writer John Gwilliam complained of the "intolerable" summer heat and the chalk dust about the town, concluding that to live there would "be one of the greatest punishments that could be inflicted upon me in the Isle of Wight". In 1853 the first newspaper on the island, the Ventnor Mercury, was launched. In 1869 Dr Arthur Hill Hassall opened the Royal National Hospital for Diseases of the Chest in St Lawrence, many local buildings date from the 1860s, by when the current commercial centre of the town was substantially developed.
The nineteenth century saw development aimed at wealthier holidaymakers from Britain and Europe, as British seaside resorts became popular. The first pier from 1860 was washed away. Breakwaters were built in 1863, by the following year, a steamer service to Littlehampton connected with trains to London. In 1866 the Isle of Wight Railway reached Ventnor, in 1870 the iron Royal Victoria Pier was constructed. Subsequent storm damage delayed the full establishment of steamer services until 1888 when they were carrying 10,000 passengers from Bournemouth, Southsea and Shanklin; the railway ran a non-stop train from Ryde to Ventnor, named'The Invalid Express' for the consumptive patients. Ventnor became known as ` Mayfair by the sea' for the number of wealthy Londoners. In 1887, Bartholomew's Gazetteer described Ventnor as "one of the most popular of English health resorts", with the parish
Bembridge is a village and civil parish located on the easternmost point of the Isle of Wight. It had a population of 3,848 according to the 2001 census of the United Kingdom, leading to the implausible claim by some residents that Bembridge is the largest village in England. Bembridge is home to many of the Island's wealthiest residents; the population had reduced to 3,688 at the 2011 Census. Bembridge sits at the extreme eastern point of the Isle of Wight. Prior to land reclamation the area of Bembridge and Yaverland was an island unto itself, separated from the remainder of the Isle of Wight by Brading Haven. On the Joan Blaeu map of 1665, Bembridge is shown as Binbridge Iſle, nearly separated from the rest of Wight by River Yar. Prior to the Victorian era Bembridge was a collection of wooden huts and farmhouses, which only consolidated into a true village with the building of the church in 1827; the historical heart of the village is located close to the church in the north of the village, consisting of a number of shops and restaurants, along with the Village Hall and site of the former Parish Council hall.
Bembridge Library serves the community and there is a local museum in the same location. The Lane End district is located in the east of the village, it is composed of modern bungalows and a small shopping area which includes a Co-Op store. The lane comes to an end at the beach, where Bembridge Lifeboat station and the Bembridge Coast Hotel are situated. Many of the bungalows were on the land of a cottage where Cecily Cardew lived, after whom an Oscar Wilde character was named. Moving inland from Lane End one finds Bembridge C of E Primary School, along with the local community centre, which are connected by a large recreational playing field; the Royal Isle of Wight Golf Club was located across the harbour from Bembridge. The club was formed in 1882, it closed in the 1960s. Bembridge is a local service centre, hosting Bembridge C of E Primary School, a post office, several shops located in two main areas, Methodist and Catholic churches, it is the location of a local fire station, a Royal National Lifeboat Institution lifeboat station.
Bembridge Airport is a local airport with a concrete runway, is located close to the Windmill to the south-west of the village proper heading towards Yaverland. The war memorial was designed by Percy Stone; the RNLI station is significant, as it extends into the sea to the east of the village. Here lies the notorious "Bembridge Ledge", a large, rocky outcrop which poses a major threat to passing boats. Although it is private sailing yachts which are most at risk, a wide variety of boats run aground here in the stormy weather conditions which affect the Solent during winter months. A former Bembridge lifeboat, the RNLB Jesse Lumb, is part of the National Historic Fleet, exhibited at Imperial War Museum Duxford; the current offshore boathouse was completed in Autumn 2010 by BAM Nuttall and Ecochoice and houses a new Tamar class boat, the'Alfred Albert Williams'. A complete new concrete walkway was built, the new station is made of durable timber; the Inshore lifeboat station was rebuilt in 2014, the interior of the offshore boathouse is accessible to visitors during set days when the station isn't on alert.
The original Victorian boathouse survives, is used as the station's shop. Close to the lifeboat station lies a coastguard lookout. Positioned at a high elevation, this offers views of the Solent meeting the English Channel to the east of the Isle of Wight. From this vantage point one is able to view a variety of watercraft year round, although there is more marine traffic in the summer. Bembridge Windmill, the only remaining windmill on the Isle of Wight, is located to the west of the village. Dating from around 1700, it is a National Trust property open from April to October. Bembridge is represented on the Isle of Wight Council by the two members of the ward of Bembridge, St. Helens and Brading. Bembridge is governed by a Parish council of 12 members. For parish council elections the village is divided into two wards, the North and South, each electing six members to the body; the parish council has succeeded in obtaining Lottery funding for improvements to the village including a play-park in Steyne Park.
It is one of the few Parish Councils that has a village centre office open 5 days a week. Bembridge is twinned with Plédran, France but in name only as the federation has lapsed through non-use. Public transport to Newport and Sandown is provided by Southern Vectis bus route 8. Bembridge railway station, located in the north-west of the village close to the harbour served the village, with services to Brading, until 1953; the station became derelict and was demolished around 1970. Holy Trinity Church, Bembridge List of current places of worship on the Isle of Wight Bembridge Boarding Campus Bembridge School, is now owned by Ryde School with Upper Chine, whose lessees run Kingswood Centre. Kingswood Centre operates Kingswood during Camp Beaumont during school holidays; however it is closed for a few weeks in the winter. Ryde School with Upper Chine have their Boarders boarding at Bembridge Boarding Campus. New House Bembridge School is a Grade II Listed Building. Bembridge School Chapel is a Grade IIGV Listed Building with Edward Woore stained glass to beautify it.
Bembridge travel guide from Wikivoyage Bembridge Parish Council