LA Weekly is a free weekly alternative newspaper in Los Angeles, California. It was founded in 1978 by Jay Levin, who served as president and editor until 1991. Voice Media Group sold the paper in late 2017 to Semanal Media LLC. According to its website, LA Weekly has been the premier source for award-winning coverage of Los Angeles music, film, culture, events." The LA Weekly recognizes outstanding small theatre productions in Los Angeles, with their annual LA Weekly Theater Awards, established in 1979. Starting in 2006, LA Weekly has hosted the LA Weekly Detour Music Festival every October; the entire block surrounding Los Angeles City Hall is closed off to accommodate the festival's three stages. Some of its most famous writers were Pulitzer Prize-winning food writer Jonathan Gold, who left in early 2012, Nikki Finke, who blogged about the film industry through the Weekly's website and published a print column in the paper each week, leaving in June 2009 after the blog she founded, Deadline Hollywood Daily, was acquired by an online firm.
The paper was founded in 1978 by Jay Levin, who served as its editor from 1978 to 1991 and its president from 1978 to 1992. Levin put together an investment group that included actor Michael Douglas, Burt Kleiner, Joe Benadon and Pete Kameron; the majority of its core of initial staff members came from the Austin Sun, a similar-natured bi-weekly, which had ceased publication. Although some former employees have complained about personnel moves since the Weekly's parent company's acquisition by New Times Media in 2004, the paper has won a Pulitzer Prize, broke the story of the "Grim Sleeper" serial killer; some of those disgruntled ex-employees complained when New Times replaced news editor Alan Mittelstaedt with veteran New Times editor Jill Stewart. But in the 2009 LA Press Club Awards, the Weekly won six first-place awards, including three by staff writer Christine Pelisek, honored as the city's best reporter in investigative reporting, hard news, news feature. Harold Meyerson, once the Weekly's political editor, charged in a departing email to Weekly staffers in 2006 that the new owners had grafted a cookie-cutter template for editorial content onto the publication.
Writers once associated with the Weekly but let go by the paper's current management include Meyerson, classical music critic Alan Rich, theater critic Steven Leigh Morris, film critic Ella Taylor, columnist Marc Cooper. Internal cut backs have resulted in the paper eliminating the position of managing editor, letting go several staff writers and other editorial department positions, as well as cutting the entire fact checking department. On June 1, 2009, the paper announced that Editor-in-Chief Laurie Ochoa, who began helming the paper in 2001, was "parting ways" with the Weekly. On that same day, ads for her replacement appeared on Journalismjobs.com. Though some speculated that Stewart was a shoo-in for the position, the job went to Drex Heikes of the Los Angeles Times; when Heikes left in 2011, he was replaced by Sarah Fenske. Weekly management said. However, some of the cuts are attributable to philosophical differences with the paper's then-owners, who have since sold the chain. Former staff writer Matthew Fleischer said at the time that "as part of the company's'plug-and-play' management strategy, writers and ad directors were moved from city to city within the chain, without regard for local knowledge.
Any old-school Village Voice Media manager who resisted the metamorphosis was denounced as a'lefty,' a'throwback,' and worse. They were fired or fled."Since 2008, LA Weekly has hosted a food and wine festival, now dubbed The Essentials, that draws sizable crowds. In 2009, former'Los Angeles Times food writer Amy Scattergood became food blogger at LA Weekly's Squid Ink, was promoted to food editor. In late 2009, the paper hired Dennis Romero of Ciudad magazine, as a full-time news blogger. Following the recession, in 2012 the paper added food critic Besha Rodell, a James Beard nominee and former food editor of Atlanta's Creative Loafing. In 2013, LA Weekly named Amy Nicholson as its lead film critic. In 2016, LA Weekly named multimedia journalist and Emmy-winning producer Drew Tewksbury as managing editor. In September 2012, Village Voice Media executives Scott Tobias, Christine Brennan and Jeff Mars bought Village Voice Meda's papers and associated web properties from its founders and formed Voice Media Group.
The paper won journalism awards before and after this transition, with two of its news writers, Patrick Range McDonald and Gene Maddaus, winning the Los Angeles Press Club's nod for Journalist of the Year. For a time in the Los Angeles market, LA Weekly competed against two now-defunct publications, including Brand X and LA CityBeat, a smaller alternative weekly newspaper owned by Southland Publishing, which ceased publication in March 2009. Southland owns the Pasadena Weekly, The Argonaut on the Westside of Los Angeles, other print products in Southern California. In November 2017, the publication was sold to Semanal Media LLC. In December 2017, it was revealed that the new owners of Semanal Media LLC are men from Orange County and include "David Welch, a Los Angeles-based attorney with ties to the cannabis industry.
La Cienega Boulevard
La Cienega Boulevard is a major north–south arterial road that runs between El Segundo Boulevard in Hawthorne, California on the south and the Sunset Strip/Sunset Boulevard in West Hollywood to the north. It was named for Rancho Las Cienegas "The Ranch Of The Swamps," an area of marshland south of Rancho La Brea. From south of Fairview and from north of Rodeo Road, La Cienega Boulevard is a regular surface street and one of Hollywood's major thoroughfares. Offices for A&E Network, The History Channel and the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences are located on La Cienega as are the studios of Citadel Broadcasting flagships KABC and KLOS, two of Los Angeles' biggest radio stations. A portion of La Cienega in and adjacent to Beverly Hills is known as "Restaurant Row" for its large number of upscale restaurants. South of Olympic, La Cienega runs through the Pico-Robertson and Crestview neighborhoods in West Los Angeles into Culver City and is known for its large number of automotive-related business including several used car dealerships and many body shops and auto mechanics.
It continues south passing Interstate 10, the Metro Expo Line. It is unusual among Southern California roadways to be built to freeway standards. South of Interstate 10, La Cienega was built to freeway standards in the late 1940s as part of the proposed Laurel Canyon Freeway, part of State Route 170; the SR 170 freeway was never completed south of U. S. Route 101, the stretch of La Cienega from just north of Fairview Blvd in Inglewood, through Baldwin Hills and along the Kenneth Hahn State Recreation Area to Rodeo Road in Los Angeles is a divided, limited access highway with few traffic signals; as such, emergency call boxes like those found along the area's freeways were installed along that stretch in the early 1970s. South of Fairview Blvd, La Cienega runs parallel to the 405 freeway and terminates at El Segundo Boulevard in Del Aire along the west side of the freeway. A non-contiguous segment named La Cienega Blvd runs along the East side of the 405 freeway between El Segundo Blvd and Rosecrans Avenue in Wiseburn, another unincorporated area adjacent to Del Aire.
The area of La Cienega Boulevard, from Beverly Boulevard to Santa Monica Boulevard, its satellite streets is known as the La Cienega Design Quarter. Its shops and galleries house many antiques, rugs and art. Art dealer Felix Landau operated his trend-setting gallery there in the 1960s. La Cienega in Beverly Hills, north of Wilshire Boulevard, is known as Restaurant Row because it features many upscale restaurants. From Wilshire in Beverly Hills traveling north the best known establishments include Benihana, The Stinking Rose, the original Lawry's the Prime Rib, Tokyo Table - Tokyo City Cuisine, Fogo de Chão, Gyu-Kaku, Woo Lae Oak, The Bazaar by José Andrés, Morton's. La Cienega Boulevard is named after Rancho Las Cienegas Mexican land grant in the region now called "West Los Angeles." The Spanish phrase la ciénaga translates into English as "the swamp" and the area named "Las Ciénegas" was a continual marshland due to the course of the Los Angeles River through that area prior to a massive southerly shift in 1825 to its present course.
The difference in spelling in Los Angeles between the Castilian Spanish word ciénaga and the name of the thoroughfare, common in other Iberian languages like Extremaduran, originated with the name of the rancho. Metro Local lines 105 and 217, Metro Rapid line 705 run on La Cienega Boulevard. An elevated light rail station for the Metro Expo Line is located at Jefferson Boulevard. An underground station for the Metro Purple Line at Wilshire Boulevard is under construction and is due to open in 2023; the entire route is in Los Angeles County. Southern California Unsigned Freeways – La Cienega Boulevard La Cienega Design Quarter
Marina del Rey, California
Marina del Rey is an unincorporated seaside community in Los Angeles County, with a marina, a major boating and water recreation destination of the greater Los Angeles area. The marina is North America's largest man-made small-craft harbor and is home to 5,000 boats; the area is a popular tourism destination for water activities such as paddle board and kayak rentals, dining cruises, yacht charters. This Westside locale is 4 miles south of Santa Monica, 4 miles north of Los Angeles International Airport; the harbor is owned by Los Angeles County and is operated by the County's Department of Beaches and Harbors. The population was 8,866 at the 2010 census. For statistical purposes, the United States Census Bureau has defined Marina del Rey as a census-designated place; the census definition of the area may not correspond to local understanding of the area with the same name. The Los Angeles Times said in a 1997 editorial that the harbor is "perhaps the county's most valuable resource". Prior to its development as a small craft harbor, the land occupied by Marina del Rey was a salt marsh fed by fresh water from Ballona Creek, frequented by duck hunters and few others.
Burton W. Chace, a member of the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors, referred to the area as mud flats, though today the area would more properly be referred to as wetlands. In the mid-19th century, Moye C. Wicks thought of turning this Playa del Rey estuary into a commercial port, he formed the Ballona Development Company in 1888 to develop the area, but three years the company went bankrupt. Port Ballona made by Louis Mesmer and Moye Wicks was sold to Moses Sherman. Sherman purchased 1,000 acres of land around the Ballona lagoon and Port Ballona in 1902 under the name the Beach Land Company. Sherman and Clark renamed the land "Del Rey". Port Ballona was renamed Playa Del Rey; the port was serviced by the California Central Railway opened in September 1887, this line became the Santa Fe Railway, that became the Atchison and Santa Fe Railroad. The rail line ran from the port to Redondo junction. A street car tram line was made to the Port by the Redondo and Hermosa Beach Railroad company, that had incorporated on February 21, 1901.
This company was part of the Los Angeles Pacific Railroad owned by Sherman. The tram line opened December 1902 departed downtown at Broadway. In 1916, the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers revisited the idea of a commercial harbor, but declared it economically impractical. In 1936 the U. S. Congress ordered a re-evaluation of that determination, the Army Corps of Engineers returned with a more favorable determination. In 1953, the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors authorized a $2 million loan to fund construction of the marina. Since the loan only covered about half the cost, the U. S. Congress passed and President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed Public Law 780 making construction possible. Ground breaking began shortly after. With construction complete, the marina was put in danger in 1962–1963 due to a winter storm; the storm caused millions of dollars in damage to both the marina and the few small boats anchored there. A plan was put into effect to build a breakwater at the mouth of the marina, the L.
A. County Board of Supervisors appropriated $2.1 million to build it. On April 10, 1965 Marina del Rey was formally dedicated; the total cost of the marina was $36.25 million for land and initial operation. Los Angeles County solicited bids for the marina's development, selling 60 year leaseholds to willing developers. Real estate developer Abraham M. Lurie was the single largest leaseholder responsible for the building of three hotels, two apartment complexes, 1,000 boat slips, several shopping centers, restaurants, he ran into cash flow problems and sold a 49.9% interest to Saudi Arabian Sheik Abdul Aziz al Ibrahim, a brother of Waleed bin Ibrahim Al Ibrahim and a brother-in-law of King Fahd. Marina del Rey falls within unincorporated Los Angeles County and is southeast of the L. A. City community of Venice and north of the L. A. City community of Playa del Rey, near the mouth of Ballona Creek, it is located four miles north of Los Angeles International Airport. It is bounded on all sides by the City of Los Angeles.
The beach-style homes, the strip of land against the beach, the beach itself, west of the harbor, are within the City of Los Angeles limits, but share the same zip code as Marina del Rey. The name of this strip is the Marina Peninsula. Via Dolce and the southern portion of Via Marina are the boundaries between L. A. City and the unincorporated area. According to the United States Census Bureau, Marina del Rey has an area of 1.5 square miles. Nine-tenths of a square mile is land and 0.6 square miles is water. The marina itself, a specially designed harbor with moorings for pleasure craft and small boats, is surrounded by high-rise condos, apartments and restaurants; the area includes the University of Southern California Information Sciences Institute, the UCLA Marina Aquatic Center, the Loyola Marymount University boathouse. The community is served by the three-mile-long Marina Freeway, which links Marina del Rey directly to Interstate 405 and nearby Culver City; the area codes of Marina del
South Robertson, Los Angeles
South Robertson is a neighborhood in the Westside of the city of Los Angeles, California. It is notable for its diversity and being a center for the Jewish community. According to the Mapping L. A. project of the Los Angeles Times, Pico-Robertson is flanked on the north and northeast by Beverly Hills, on the east by Carthay and Mid-City, on the south by Mid-City, Crestview and Cheviot Hills and on the west by Beverly Hills. Pico-Robertson's street borders are: north, Gregory Way and Pico Boulevard, northeast, LeDoux Road and Olympic and San Vicente Boulevards Beverly Glen Drive, east, La Cienega Boulevard, Fairfax Avenue and Hauser Boulevard, Airdrome St. Hillcrest Country Club, Venice and Washington Boulevards, Robertson Boulevard, Beverly Green Dr. and S. Roxbury Dr; the 2000 U. S. census counted 18,019 residents in the 1,03-square-mile Pico-Robertson neighborhood—an average of 17,468 people per square mile, among the highest population densities for the city. In 2008, the city estimated that the population had increased to 19,253.
The median age for residents was older than the city at large. The neighborhood was considered "not diverse" ethnically, with a high percentage of white people; the breakdown was whites, 73.5%. Iran and Israel were the most common places of birth for the 34.6% of the residents who were born abroad—about the same percentage as in the city at large. The median yearly household income in 2008 dollars was an average figure for Los Angeles; the average household size of 2.1 people was low for Los Angeles. Renters occupied 73.1% of the housing stock and house- or apartment owners held 26.9%. Beverlywood, Cheviot Hills and Crestview on the Southwest, Mid-City on the Southeast, Mid-Wilshire on the East, Mid-City West on the North, Beverly Hills on the Northwest and Century City on the West. Part of the Los Angeles Unified School District, the neighborhood is served by Canfield, Crescent Heights and Castle Heights elementary schools, Los Angeles Center for Enriched Studies]] and Emerson Middle School; the high school for the South Robertson neighborhood is Hamilton High School.
The neighborhood features more than thirty Certified Kosher restaurants, including delis, Chinese and Mexican restaurants, a donut shop, a frozen yogurt shop and butchers. The community features four men's mikvahs and one woman's mikvah, the largest known as the Los Angeles Mikvah. There are several Jewish day schools located in the Pico Robertson area; the Chabad community operates four schools, Bais Chaya Mushka and Bais Chana, both of which are on Pico Boulevard, as well as the newly relocated Cheder Menachem on La Cienega. Yeshiva University High School has campuses on both South Robertson Boulevard and West Pico Boulevard, in the heart of the Pico-Robertson Jewish community; the community overall has a wide variety of Jewish denominational groups. Over the past two decades, the Orthodox community has grown to become the largest Jewish denomination in the area; this is evident in the growth of the Chabad community. According to Chabad, the Hasidic movement has eleven centers in the immediate Pico-Robertson area, including the two high schools, boys cheder, day school, six synagogues, a community center.
Minyan Finder reports over twenty synagogues operating in the area. In 1993, the neighborhood became home to the Los Angeles Museum of Tolerance
Malibu is a beach city in western Los Angeles County, situated about 30 miles west of Downtown Los Angeles. It is known for its Mediterranean climate and its 21-mile strip of the Malibu coast, incorporated in 1991 into the City of Malibu; the area is known for being the home of Hollywood movie stars, people in the entertainment industry, other affluent residents. Most Malibu residents live within a few hundred yards of Pacific Coast Highway, which traverses the city, with some residents living up to a mile away from the beach up narrow canyons; as of the 2010 census, the city population was 12,645. Nicknamed "the'Bu" by surfers and locals, beaches along the Malibu coast include Surfrider Beach, Zuma Beach, Malibu Beach, Topanga Beach, Point Dume Beach, County Line, Dan Blocker Beach. State parks and beaches on the Malibu coast include Malibu Creek State Park, Leo Carrillo State Beach and Park, Point Mugu State Park, Robert H. Meyer Memorial State Beach, with individual beaches: El Pescador, La Piedra and El Matador.
The many parks within the Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area lie along the ridges above the city along with local parks that include Malibu Bluffs Park, Trancas Canyon Park, Las Flores Creek Park, Legacy Park. Signs around the city proclaim "21 miles of scenic beauty", referring to the incorporated city limits; the city updated the signs in 2017 from the historical 27-mile length of the Malibu coast spanning from Tuna Canyon on the southeast to Point Mugu in Ventura County on the northwest. For many residents of the unincorporated canyon areas, Malibu has the closest commercial centers and they are included in the Malibu ZIP Codes; the city is bounded by Topanga on the east, the Santa Monica Mountains to the north, the Pacific Ocean to the south, Solromar in Ventura County to the west. Malibu is named for the Ventureño Chumash settlement of Humaliwo, which translates to “The Surf Sounds Loudly.” This pre-colonial village is now part of the State Park. Malibu was settled by the Chumash, Native Americans whose territory extended loosely from the San Joaquin Valley to San Luis Obispo to Malibu, as well as several islands off the southern coast of California.
They named it "Humaliwo" or "the surf sounds loudly". The city's name derives from this; the village of Humaliwo was located next to Malibu Lagoon and was an important regional center in prehistoric times. The village, identified as CA-LAN-264, was occupied from 2,500 BCE, it was the second-largest Chumash coastal settlement by the Santa Monica Mountains, with just Muwu being more populated. A total of 118 individuals were baptized in Humaliwo. Humaliwo was considered an important political center, but there were additional minor settlements in today’s Malibu. One village, known as Ta’lopop, was located few miles up Malibu Canyon from Malibu Lagoon. Research have shown that Humaliwo had ties to other villages in pre-colonial times, including Hipuk and Huwam. Explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo is believed to have moored at Malibu Lagoon, at the mouth of Malibu Creek, to obtain fresh water in 1542; the Spanish presence returned with the California mission system, the area was part of Rancho Topanga Malibu Sequit—a 13,000-acre land grant—in 1802.
That ranch passed intact to Frederick Hastings Rindge in 1891. He and his widow, May K. Rindge, guarded their privacy zealously by hiring guards to evict all trespassers and fighting a lengthy court battle to prevent the building of a Southern Pacific railroad line through the ranch. Interstate Commerce Commission regulations would not support a railroad condemning property in order to build tracks that paralleled an existing line, so Frederick H. Rindge decided to build his own railroad through his property first, he died, May K. Rindge followed through with the plans, building the Hueneme and Port Los Angeles Railway; the line started at Carbon Canyon, just inside the ranch's property eastern boundary, ran 15 miles westward, past Pt. Dume. Few roads entered the area before 1929, when the state won another court case and built what is now known as the Pacific Coast Highway. By May Rindge was forced to subdivide her property and begin selling and leasing lots; the Rindge house, known as the Adamson House, is now part of Malibu Creek State Park and is situated between Malibu Lagoon State Beach and Surfrider Beach, beside the Malibu Pier, used to provide transportation to/from the ranch, including construction materials for the Rindge railroad, to tie up the family's yacht.
In 1926, in an effort to avoid selling land to stave off insolvency, May K. Rindge created a small ceramic tile factory. At its height, Malibu Potteries employed over 100 workers, produced decorative tiles which furnish many Los Angeles-area public buildings and Beverly Hills residences; the factory, located one-half mile east of the pier, was ravaged by a fire in 1931. Although the factory reopened in 1932, it could not recover from the effects of the Great Depression and a steep downturn in Southern California construction projects. A distinct hybrid of Moorish and Arts and crafts designs, Malibu tile is considered collectible. Fine examples of the tiles may be seen at the Adamson House and Serra Retreat, a fifty-room mansion, started in the 1920s as the main Rindge home on a hill overlooking the lagoon; the unfinished building was sold to the Franciscan Order in 1942 and is
West Hollywood, California
West Hollywood referred to as WeHo, is a city in Los Angeles County, United States. Incorporated in 1984, it is home to the Sunset Strip; as of the 2010 U. S. Census, its population was 34,399, it is considered one of the most prominent gay villages in the United States. West Hollywood is bounded by the city of Beverly Hills on the west, on other sides by neighborhoods of the city of Los Angeles: Hollywood Hills on the north, Hollywood on the east, the Fairfax District on the southeast, Beverly Grove on the southwest; the city's irregular boundary is featured in its logo. West Hollywood benefits from a dense, compact urban form with small lots, mixed land use, a walkable street grid. According to Walkscore, a website that ranks cities based on walkability, West Hollywood is the most walkable city in California with a Walkscore of 89. Commercial corridors include the nightlife and dining focused on the Sunset Strip, along Santa Monica Boulevard, the Avenues of Art and Design along Robertson and Beverly Boulevard.
Residential neighborhoods in West Hollywood include the Norma Triangle, West Hollywood North, West Hollywood West, West Hollywood East, West Hollywood Heights, all of which are only a few blocks long or wide. Major intersecting streets provide amenities within walking distance of adjacent neighborhoods. West Hollywood has a Subtropical-semi-arid climate with year-round warm weather; the record high temperature of 111 °F was recorded September 26, 1963, while the record low of 24 °F was recorded on January 4, 1949. Snow is rare in West Hollywood, with the last accumulation occurring in 1949. Rainfall is sparse, falls during the winter months. Most historical writings about West Hollywood began in the late-18th century with European colonization when the Portuguese explorer João Rodrigues Cabrilho arrived offshore and claimed the inhabited region for Spain. Around 5,000 of the indigenous inhabitants from the Tongva Indian tribe canoed out to greet Juan Cabrillo; the Tongva tribe was a nation of hunter-gatherers known for their reverence of courage.
By 1771, these native people had been ravaged by diseases brought in by the Europeans from across wide oceans. The Spanish mission system changed the tribal name to "Gabrielinos", in reference to the Mission de San Gabriel. Early in 1770 Gaspar de Portola's Mexican expeditionary force stopped just south of the Santa Monica Mountains near what would become West Hollywood to draw pitch from tar pits to waterproof their belongings and to say mass; the Gabrielinos are believed to have burned the pitch for fuel. By 1780, what became the "Sunset Strip" was the major connecting road for El Pueblo de Los Angeles, all ranches westward to the Pacific Ocean; this land passed through the hands of various owners during the next one hundred years, it was called names such as "La Brea" and "Plummer" that are listed in historical records. Most of this area was part of the Rancho La Brea, it came to be owned by the Henry Hancock family. During the final decade years of the nineteenth century, the first large land development in what would become West Hollywood—the town of "Sherman"—was established by Moses Sherman and his partners of the Los Angeles Pacific Railroad, an interurban railroad line which became part of the Pacific Electric Railway system.
Sherman became the location of the railroad's main shops, railroad yards, "car barns". Many working-class employees of the railroad settled in this town, it was during this time that the city began to earn its reputation as a loosely regulated, liquor-friendly place for eccentric people wary of government interference. Despite several annexation attempts, the town elected not to become part of the City of Los Angeles. In a controversial decision, in 1925 Sherman adopted "West Hollywood", "...a moniker pioneered earlier in the decade by the West Hollywood Realty Board" as its informal name, though it remained under the governance of Los Angeles County. For many years, the area, now the city of West Hollywood was an unincorporated area in the midst of Los Angeles; because gambling was illegal in the city of Los Angeles, but still legal in Los Angeles County, the 1920s saw the proliferation of many casinos, night clubs, etc. along Sunset Boulevard. These businesses were immune from the sometimes heavy-handed law-enforcement of the L.
A. Police Department; some people connected with movie-making were attracted to this less-restricted area of the County, a number of architecturally distinctive apartment buildings and apartment hotels were built. Many interior designers, decorators and "to the trade" furnishing showrooms located in West Hollywood date back to the middle of the century; the area and its extravagant nightclubs fell out of favor. However, the Sunset Strip and its restaurants and nightclubs continued to be an attraction for out-of-town tourists. During the late 1960s, the Sunset Strip was transformed again during the hippie movement which brought a thriving music publishing industry coupled with "hippie" culture; some young people from all over the country flocked to West Hollywood. The most recent migration to West Hollywood came about after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, when thousands of Russian Jews immigrated to the city. A majority of the 5,000 to 6,000 Russian Jews settled in two major immigration waves, 1978–79 and 1988–92.
Other than New York, West Hollywood's Russian-speaking community is the most concentrated single Russian-speaking region in United States. In 1984, resid
Brentwood, Los Angeles
Brentwood is an affluent neighborhood in the Westside of Los Angeles, California. Part of a Mexican land grant, the neighborhood began its modern development in the 1880s, it is the home of seven private and two public schools. Brentwood was part of the Rancho San Vicente y Santa Monica, a Mexican land-grant ranch sold off in pieces by the Sepúlveda family after the Mexican–American War. Modern development began after the establishment of the 600-acre Pacific Branch of the National Home for Disabled Soldiers and Sailors in the 1880s. A small community sprang up outside that facility's west gate. Annexed by the City of Los Angeles on June 14, 1916, Westgate's 49 square miles included large parts of what is now the Pacific Palisades and a small portion of today's Bel-Air. Westgate Avenue is one of the last reminders of that namesake. Local traditions include the annual decoration of San Vicente Boulevard's coral trees with holiday lights and a Maypole erected each year on the lawn of the Archer School for Girls, carrying on that set by the Eastern Star Home housed there.
This building was the exterior establishing shot for the "Mar Vista Rest Home" that provided a key scene in the 1974 film Chinatown. On November 6, 1961, a construction crew working in Sherman Oaks in the San Fernando Valley north of Brentwood on the far side of the Santa Monica Mountains noticed smoke and flames in a nearby pile of rubbish. Within minutes, Santa Ana winds gusting up to 60 mph sent burning brush aloft and over the ridge into Brentwood. More than 300 police officers helped evacuate 3,500 residents during the 12-hour fire, some 2,500 firefighters battled the blaze, pumping water from neighborhood swimming pools to douse flames. Pockets of the fire smoldered for several days; as firefighters battled what was to become a Bel Air disaster, another fire erupted in Santa Ynez Canyon to the west. That blaze was contained the next day after consuming nearly 10,000 acres and nine structures and burning to within a mile of Bel Air and Brentwood; the fires were the fifth-worst conflagration in the nation's history at the time, burning 16,090 acres, destroying more than 484 homes and 190 other structures and causing an estimated $30 million in damage.
Brentwood was the site of the 1994 stabbing deaths of Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman, outside Simpson's Bundy Drive condominium townhouse. Nicole's ex-husband, football player and actor O. J. Simpson, was acquitted of the murders, but was found liable for the deaths in a civil trial; the district is located at the base of the Santa Monica Mountains, bounded by the San Diego Freeway on the east, Wilshire Boulevard on the south, the Santa Monica city limits on the southwest, the border of Topanga State Park on the west and Mulholland Drive along the ridgeline of the mountains on the north. In local parlance, it is known as one of the "Three Bs", along with Bel Air. Brentwood, like nearby Santa Monica, has a temperate climate influenced by marine breezes off the Pacific Ocean. Residents wake to a "marine layer," a cover of clouds brought in at night which burns off by mid-morning; the topography is split into two characters, broadly divided by Sunset Boulevard: the area north of Sunset is defined by ridges and canyons of the Santa Monica Mountains.
The southern district features underground springs which bubble up into a small creek along "the Gully" near the Brentwood Country Club, in the "Indian Springs" portion of the University High School campus the site of a Native American Tongva village. The 2000 U. S. census counted 31,344 residents in the 15.22-square-mile Brentwood neighborhood—or 2,059 people per square mile, among the lowest population densities for the city and the county. In 2008, the city estimated that the population had increased to 33,312. In 2000 the median age for residents was 35, old for city and county neighborhoods; the percentages of residents aged 50 and older were among the county's highest. The racial breakdown is whites, 84.2%. Iran and the United Kingdom were the most common places of birth for the 21.1% of the residents who were born abroad—which was a low percentage for Los Angeles as a whole. The median yearly household income in 2008 dollars was $112,927, considered high for the city and the county. Renters occupied 48.4% of the housing stock, house- or apartment-owners held 51.6%.
The average household size of two people was considered low for Los Angeles. The 5.7 % of families headed by single parents was low for county neighborhoods. San Vicente Boulevard is divided by a wide median on; this green belt replaced a Pacific Electric trolley track, the trees have been named a City of Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument. The site of the crime scene in the O. J. Simpson murder case is located on South Bundy Drive between Montana Avenue. Brentwood features a number of residential subdistricts: Brentwood Circle: gated community east of Barrington and north of Sunset Brentwood Glen: an area bounded by Sunset, the 405 Freeway, the Veterans Administration Bundy Canyon: home to Mount St. Mary's College and the Getty Center Crestwood Hills: includes a cluster of architecturally significant mid-century modern residences located in the northern part of Kenter Canyon Kenter Canyon: the larger canyon containing Crestwood Hills, between Bundy Canyon and Mandeville Canyon Mandeville Canyon: westernmost part of Brentwood, north of Sunset.