In law, an unincorporated area is a region of land, not governed by a local municipal corporation. Municipalities dissolve or disincorporate, which may happen if they become fiscally insolvent, services become the responsibility of a higher administration. Widespread unincorporated communities and areas are a distinguishing feature of the United States and Canada. In most other countries of the world, there are either no unincorporated areas at all, or these are rare. Unlike many other countries, Australia has only one level of local government beneath state and territorial governments. A local government area contains several towns and entire cities. Thus, aside from sparsely populated areas and a few other special cases all of Australia is part of an LGA. Unincorporated areas are in remote locations, cover vast areas or have small populations. Postal addresses in unincorporated areas, as in other parts of Australia use the suburb or locality names gazetted by the relevant state or territorial government.
Thus, there is any ambiguity regarding addresses in unincorporated areas. The Australian Capital Territory is in some sense an unincorporated area; the territorial government is directly responsible for matters carried out by local government. The far west and north of New South Wales constitutes the Unincorporated Far West Region, sparsely populated and warrants an elected council. A civil servant in the state capital manages such matters; the second unincorporated area of this state is Lord Howe Island. In the Northern Territory, 1.45% of the total area and 4.0% of the population are in unincorporated areas, including Unincorporated Top End Region, areas covered by the Darwin Rates Act—Nhulunbuy, Alyangula on Groote Eylandt in the northern region, Yulara in the southern region. In South Australia, 60% of the area is unincorporated and communities located within can receive municipal services provided by a state agency, the Outback Communities Authority. Victoria has 10 small unincorporated areas, which are either small islands directly administered by the state or ski resorts administered by state-appointed management boards.
Western Australia is exceptional in two respects. Firstly, the only remote area, unincorporated is the Abrolhos Islands, uninhabited and controlled by the WA Department of Fisheries. Secondly, the other unincorporated areas are A-class reserves either in, or close to, the Perth metropolitan area, namely Rottnest Island and Kings Park. In Canada, depending on the province, an unincorporated settlement is one that does not have a municipal council that governs over the settlement, it is but not always, part of a larger municipal government. This can range from small hamlets to large urbanized areas that are similar in size to towns and cities. For example, the urban service areas of Fort McMurray and Sherwood Park, of the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo and Strathcona County would be the fifth and sixth largest cities in Alberta if they were incorporated. In British Columbia, unincorporated settlements lie outside municipal boundaries and are administered directly by regional/county-level governments similar to the American system.
Unincorporated settlements with a population of between 100 and 1,000 residents may have the status of designated place in Canadian census data. In some provinces, large tracts of undeveloped wilderness or rural country are unorganized areas that fall directly under the provincial jurisdiction; some unincorporated settlements in such unorganized areas may have some types of municipal services provided to them by a quasi-governmental agency such as a local services board in Ontario. In New Brunswick where a significant population live in a Local Service District and services may come directly from the province; the entire area of the Czech Republic is divided into municipalities, with the only exception being 4 military areas. These are parts of the regions and do not form self-governing municipalities, but are rather governed by military offices, which are subordinate to the Ministry of Defense. † Brdy Military Area was abandoned by the Army in 2015 and converted into Landscape park, with its area being incorporated either into existing municipalities or municipalities newly established from the existing settlements.
The other four Military Areas were reduced in size in 2015 too. The decisions on whether the settlements join existing municipalities or form new ones are decided in plebiscites. Since Germany has no administrative level comparable to the townships of other countries, the vast majority of the country, close to 99%, is organized in municipalities consisting of multiple settlements which are not considered to be unincorporated; because these settlements lack a council of their own, there is an Ortsvorsteher / Ortsvorsteherin appointed by the municipal council, except in the smallest villages. In 2000, the number of unincorporated areas in Germany, called gemeindefreie Gebiete or singular gemeindefreies Gebiet, was 295 with a total area of 4,890.33 km² and around 1.4% of its territory. However
Wilson County, Texas
Wilson County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 42,918, its county seat is Floresville. The county is named after James Charles Wilson. Wilson County is part of TX metropolitan statistical area. Archeological evidence in the Wilson County area reveals early habitation from the Paleo-Indians Hunter-gatherers period; the area was a hunting range for Tonkawa, Tamiques, Karankawa. Tawakoni, Lipan Apache and Comanche hunted in the county. In September 1718 Martín de Alarcón crossed the area on his way to explore the bay of Espíritu Santo. Pedro de Rivera y Villalón crossed the county in 1727 as part of an expedition to inspect the frontier defenses of New Spain. In 1766–67 the Marqués de Rubí included the area in his inspection of the Spanish frontier, the 1798 explorations of the coast by Francisco Vásquez de Coronado skirted the area; the first two land grants in the area were to Luis Menchaca and Andrés Hernández, who established ranches circa 1832-1833.
Anglos began arriving in the 1840s, Southern planters in 1850 and 1860, followed by German and Polish immigrants from other counties. Wilson County was formed in 1860 from Karnes. Sutherland Springs was designated the county seat. Wilson County voted in favor of secession from the Union, sent several military units to serve. Wartime hardships were compounded by a three-year drought. Following the civil war, the county seat was moved to Floresville; the 1872 courthouse was destroyed by fire and replaced in 1884 with a new building designed by Alfred Giles. Fence Cutting Wars in Texas lasted for five years, 1883-1888; the 40,000-acre ranch of Houston and Dilworth became the focal point in Wilson County. As farmers and ranchers began to compete for precious land and water, cattlemen found it more difficult to feed their herds, prompting cowboys to cut through fences. Texas Governor John Ireland prodded a special assembly to order the fence cutters to cease. In response, the legislature made fence-cutting and pasture-burning crimes punishable with prison time, while at the same time regulating fencing.
The practice abated with sporadic incidents of related violence 1888. The San Antonio and Aransas Pass Railway reached Floresville in 1886. In 1898 the San Antonio and Gulf Railroad was extended to Stockdale. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 808 square miles, of which 804 square miles is land and 4.7 square miles is water. U. S. Highway 87 U. S. Highway 181 State Highway 97 Guadalupe County Gonzales County Karnes County Atascosa County Bexar County As of the census of 2000, there were 32,408 people, 11,038 households, 8,830 families residing in the county; the population density was 40 people per square mile. There were 12,110 housing units at an average density of 15 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 81.19% White, 1.21% Black or African American, 0.58% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 14.25% from other races, 2.43% from two or more races. 36.52% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 11,038 households out of which 40.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.50% were married couples living together, 9.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 20.00% were non-families.
17.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.26. In the county, the population was spread out with 29.20% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, 11.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.00 males. The median income for a household in the county was $40,006, the median income for a family was $45,681. Males had a median income of $31,716 versus $23,582 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,253. About 9.20% of families and 11.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.40% of those under age 18 and 15.80% of those age 65 or over. Elmendorf Floresville La Vernia Nixon Stockdale Poth Doseido Colony Grass Pond Colony Sandy Hills John Connally, governor of Texas and U.
S. Secretary of the Navy and Treasury Merrill Connally, an actor and a county judge Wayne Connally, a member of both houses of the Texas State Legislature Frank Hamer, Texas Ranger List of museums in South Texas National Register of Historic Places listings in Wilson County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Wilson County Wilson County Courthouse and Jail Wilson County from the Handbook of Texas Online Historic Wilson County materials, hosted by the Portal to Texas History. Wilson County Historical Society Wilson County government's website
Bexar County, Texas
Bexar County is a county of the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 1,714,773, a 2017 estimate put the population at 1,958,578, it is the fourth-most populated in Texas. Its county seat is San Antonio, the second-most populous city in Texas and the seventh-largest city in the United States. Bexar County is included in TX metropolitan statistical area. Bexar County includes Government Canyon State Natural Area in the northwestern part of the county. Bexar County was created on December 20, 1836, encompassed the entire western portion of the Republic of Texas; this included the disputed areas of western New Mexico northward to Wyoming. After statehood, 128 counties were carved out of its area; the county was named for San Antonio de Béxar, one of the 23 Mexican municipalities of Texas at the time of its independence. San Antonio de Béxar—originally Villa de San Fernando de Béxar—was the first civil government established by the Spanish in the province of Texas; the municipality was created in 1731 when 55 Canary Islanders settled near the system of missions, established around the source of the San Antonio River.
The new settlement was named after the Presidio San Antonio de Béjar, the Spanish military outpost that protected the missions. The presidio, located at the San Pedro Springs, was founded in 1718 and named for Viceroy Balthasar Manuel de Zúñiga y Guzmán Sotomayor y Sarmiento, second son of the Duke of Béjar; the modern city of San Antonio in the U. S. state of Texas derived its name from San Antonio de Béjar. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,256 square miles, of which 1,240 sq mi is land and 16 sq mi is water. Bexar County is in south-central Texas, about 190 miles west of Houston and 140 mi from both the US-Mexican border to the southwest and the Gulf of Mexico to the southeast; the Balcones Escarpment bisects the county from west to northeast. South of the escarpment are the South Texas plains; the San Antonio River rises from springs north of Downtown San Antonio, flows southward and southeastward through the county. Bexar County has a comprehensive "wagon wheel" freeway system, with radial freeways and beltways that encircle Downtown San Antonio, allowing for simplified countywide freeway access, in a manner much like the freeways around Houston or Dallas.
San Antonio is unique, however, in that unlike Houston or Dallas, none of these highways is tolled. Kendall County Comal County Guadalupe County Wilson County Atascosa County Medina County Bandera County San Antonio Missions National Historical Park As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 1,714,773 people residing in the county. Of those, 72.9% were White, 7.5% Black or African American, 2.4% Asian, 0.8% Native American, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 12.7% of some other race and 3.5% of two or more races. 58.7% were Hispanic or Latino. As of the census of 2000, 1,392,931 people, 488,942 households, 345,681 families were residing in the county; the population density was 1,117 inhabitants per square mile. There were 521,359 housing units at an average density of 418 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 68.86% White, 7.18% Black or African American, 0.80% Native American, 1.61% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 17.80% from other races, 3.64% from two or more races. About 54.35 % of the population were Latino of any race.
Of 488,942 households, 36.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.50% were married couples living together, 15.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.30% were not families. About 24.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.40% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.33. A Williams Institute analysis of 2010 census data found there were about 6.2 same-sex couples per 1,000 households in the county. In the county, the population was distributed as 28.50% under the age of 18, 10.70% from 18 to 24, 30.60% from 25 to 44, 19.90% from 45 to 64, 10.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.20 males. The median income for a household was $38,328, for a family was $43,724. Males had a median income of $30,756 versus $24,920 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,363.
About 12.70% of families and 15.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.40% of those under age 18 and 12.20% of those age 65 or over. The Bexar County jail facilities are at 200 North Comal in downtown San Antonio, operated by the Bexar County Sheriff's Office. In late 2012, press reports noted an increase in the number of suicides at the facility; the issue was a topic of debate in the election for sheriff that year. The jail holds an average of about 3,800 prisoners in 2012, with a total capacity of 4,596, making it the fourth-largest in the state; the Texas Department of Criminal Justice operates the Dominguez Unit, a state jail for men, in an unincorporated section of Bexar County. In the fall of 2013, Bexar County opened BiblioTech - Bexar County's Digital Library, the nation's first bookless library. In 2016, for the third consecutive year, Bexar County increased the appraised value of businesses and residences. Most will hence find their prop
Guadalupe County, Texas
Guadalupe County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 131,533; the county seat is Seguin. The county is named after Guadalupe River. Guadalupe County is part of the San Antonio, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area. Indigenous paleo-Indian hunter-gatherers were the first inhabitants of the area, thousands of years before European colonization. Historic Indian tribes settled in the area, including Tonkawa, Kickapoo, Lipan Apache, Comanche. In 1689, Alonso de Leon named the Guadalupe River for Spain in honor of Our Lady of Guadalupe. In 1806, French army officer José de la Baume, who joined the Spanish army, was rewarded for his services to Spain with title to 27,000 acres of Texas land, the original El Capote Ranch; the grant was reaffirmed by the Republic of Mexico. Following Mexico's independence from Spain, Anglo-Americans from the United States settled in Texas in 1821 and claimed Mexican citizenship. In 1825, Guadalupe County was part of Green DeWitt's petition for a land grant to establish a colony in Texas, approved by the Mexican government.
From 1827 to 1835, twenty-two families settled the area as part of DeWitt's colony. Following Texas' gaining independence from Mexico, 33 Gonzales Rangers and Republic veterans established Seguin. Founded as Walnut Springs in 1838, the settlement's name was changed to Seguin the next year to honor Juan Nepomuceno Seguín, who had fought for independence. In 1840, the Virginian Michael Erskine acquired the El Capote Ranch for use as a cattle ranch. In 1842, the Republic of Texas organized Guadalupe County as a judicial county; the Texas Supreme Court declared judicial counties to be unconstitutional. In 1845, Prince Carl of Solms-Braunfels secured title to 1,265 acres of the Veramendi grant in the northern part of the former judicial county. Following the annexation of Texas by the United States, the Prussian immigrant August Wilhelm Schumann arrived on the Texas coast aboard the SS Franziska in 1846 and purchased 188 acres in Guadalupe County. Shortly thereafter, the state legislature established the present county from parts of Bexar and Gonzales counties.
In 1846, during the war between the United States and Mexico, a wagon train of German immigrant settlers bought Guadalupe land from August Schumann. The following year the town of Schumannsville was established by German immigrants and named after him. Numerous German immigrants entered Texas at Galveston following the revolutions of 1848 in German states, settling in Guadalupe County and central Texas. After their own struggles, they tended to oppose slavery; the last Indian raid into the area was made by the Kickapoo in 1855. By 1860, there were 1,748 slaves of African descent in the county brought in from the South by slaveholder migrants. In 1861, the people of the county voted 314–22 in favor of secession from the Union. Guadalupe County sent several troops to fight for the Confederate States Army. Following the end of the Civil War and the emancipation of the slaves, a Freedmen's Bureau office opened in 1866 in Seguin to supervise work contracts between former slaves and area farmers. Together, German Americans and African Americans joined the Republican Party, leading Guadalupe County to be a reliably Republican one into the 20th century after the state disfranchisement of African Americans in 1901 by imposition of a poll tax.
By 1876, the Galveston and San Antonio Railway reached Seguin. It was completed as far as San Antonio the following year. By 1880, ethnic Germans accounted for 40 percent of the county population. Tenant farming and sharecropping accounted for the operation of 25 percent of the county's farms. By 1910, immigrants from Mexico accounted for 11½ percent of the country’s population. In 1929, oil was discovered at the Darst Creek oilfield. By 1930, tenant farming and sharecropping comprised 64 percent of the county's farms. Over the next five decades, the economy changed markedly as the area became more urbanized and less dependent on agriculture. By 1982, professional and related services and wholesale and retail trade involved nearly 60 percent of the work force in the area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 715 square miles, of which 711 square miles is land and 3.5 square miles is water. Interstate 10 Interstate 35 U. S. Highway 90 U. S. Highway 90 Alternate State Highway 46 State Highway 123 State Highway 130 Hays County Caldwell County Gonzales County Wilson County Bexar County Comal County As of the census of 2000, there were 89,023 people, 30,900 households, 23,823 families residing in the county.
The population density was 125 people per square mile. There were 33,585 housing units at an average density of 47 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 77.65% White, 5.01% Black or African American, 0.55% Native American, 0.87% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 12.76% from other races, 3.07% from two or more races. 33.21% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 30,900 households out of which 38.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.60% were married couples living together, 11.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 22.90% were non-families. 18.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.60% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.23. In the county, the population was spread out with 28.50% under the age of 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 29.10% from 25 to 44, 22.20% from 45 to 64, 11.30% who were 65
Pleasanton is a city in Atascosa County, United States. The population was 8,934 at the 2010 census. Pleasanton's official motto is "The City of Live Oaks and Friendly Folks." It is part of the San Antonio-New Braunfels Metropolitan Statistical Area. Pleasanton honors its cowboy heritage with the "Mr. Cowboy" sculpture in front of City Hall and across from the giant oak tree downtown; the roots of the cattle kingdom can be traced to Atascosa County in the 1860s, which calls itself "the birthplace of the cowboys." The sculpture is a gift of Mona Parker. The Longhorn Museum in east Pleasanton on Highway 97 contains artifacts and memorabilia of the cowboy years; the Cowboy Homecoming, begun in 1966, is an annual event held at the Atascosa River Park in Pleasanton. Pleasanton was established in 1858 when conflicts with the Indians caused the settlers to move the location of the county seat from Amphion; the settlers chose the current town site because of its location at the mouth of Bonita Creek. John Bowen, San Antonio's first Anglo-American postmaster and named the town of Pleasanton after his good friend and fellow early Texas Settler John Pleasants.
At one time Pleasanton had two newspapers, the Pleasanton Picayune, which became the Pleasanton Express in 1909, the Pleasanton Reporter. The county seat was relocated from Pleasanton to Jourdanton in 1910. Pleasanton was incorporated in 1917. Along with San Antonio, Crystal City, Carrizo Springs, Corpus Christi, Pleasanton was a major stop on the now-defunct San Antonio and Gulf Railroad, which operated from 1909 until it was merged into the Missouri Pacific Railroad in 1956; the rail headquarters was located in a modern two-story depot in North Pleasanton beginning in 1913. However, headquarters closed in 1926, the SAU&G, or the Sausage Line as it was called, was merged into the Missouri Pacific; the headquarters depot has been razed, but an earlier depot in Pleasanton is displayed at the Longhorn Museum. The remaining San Antonio-to-Corpus Christi freight line is under the Union Pacific system. In November 1957, the citizens of Pleasanton voted overwhelmingly to desegregate the public schools.
This came some two months after the crisis at Little Rock Central High School in Arkansas. Some three dozen African American pupils were integrated into the Pleasanton school. Stephen Hill, Harold Barrow, Wayne Schuchart owned and operated South Texas Regional Medical Center in the neighboring city of Jourdanton prior to the sale of the healthcare facility to Community Health Systems in November 2001. In 2017, the hospital was purchased by the Methodist Healthcare System of San Antonio, on July 1, the hospital was renamed Methodist Hospital South. Methodist Hospital South is the only hospital in Atascosa County. Pleasanton is located at 28°58′1″N 98°29′6″W, about 35 miles south of downtown San Antonio, 110 miles south-southwest of Austin and 110 miles north by north-northwest of Corpus Christi. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.5 square miles, all land. The average annual temperature of Pleasanton is 70 °F; the mean temperature on January 1 is 50 °F and on June 1 is 78 °F.
Average annual precipitation is 26.1 inches. Most soils of Pleasanton are quite sandy at the surface but have a clay-rich subsoil which holds moisture, they belong to the Alfisol soil order. Common soil series in town are Nusil and Rhymes; as of the census of 2000, there were 8,266 people, 2,941 households, 2,135 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,293.5 people per square mile. There were 3,212 housing units at an average density of 502.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 79.13% White, 0.98% African American, 0.97% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.17% Pacific Islander, 15.34% from other races, 2.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 51.15% of the population. There were 2,941 households out of which 39.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.8% were married couples living together, 15.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.4% were non-families. 23.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.28. In the city, the population was spread out with 30.4% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $29,644, the median income for a family was $34,718. Males had a median income of $28,849 versus $20,144 for females; the per capita income for the city was $14,878. About 16.8% of families and 22.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.9% of those under age 18 and 21.8% of those age 65 or over. Part of the film The Sugarland Express was filmed around the intersection of 2nd Street and Commerce Street; every year, Pleasanton hosts the "Cowboy Homecoming Festival", which commemorates the time when the cowboys driving cattle from South Texas to the rail heads up north would return home.
This event takes place each October. All of Pleasanton is located within the Pleasanton Independent School District and home to the Pleasanton High School Eagles. In the school year 2010-2011 Pleasanton I. S. D. received Academically Unacceptable ratings from the Texas Education Agency for their High School Campus and their School of Choice. The School District received an Acceptable rating for their Jr. High and Exceptiona
Schertz is a city in Guadalupe and Comal counties in the U. S. state of Texas, within the San Antonio–New Braunfels metropolitan area. The population was 40,092 as of the 2017 U. S. Census estimate, up from 31,465 at the 2010 census. Schertz is the third-largest city in the San Antonio-New Braunfels metropolitan area and the largest city of the Randolph Metrocom, which consists of cities surrounding the Randolph Air Force Base; the Metrocom is located on San Antonio's far northeast side. In addition to Schertz, other Randolph Metrocom communities include Live Oak, Converse, Cibolo, Universal City, Garden Ridge, Selma; these towns are located in Comal and Guadalupe counties and combined have a total of 355,000 residents and growing rapidly. Since the late 1990s, Schertz experienced substantial growth. In five years, from 2000–2005, the city's population jumped from 18,694 to 26,463. In 2006 alone, the population rose from 26,463 to 34,000. During that same period, the city platted the growth shows no sign of slowdown.
The first settlers came to Schertz around 1843. Some of the families on the immediate land surrounding Schertz were the Boettigers, Schneiders, Seilers and Mergeles. Members of the Schertz family still reside in the city; the first name of Schertz was "Cibolo Pit" "Cut Off", thus named because when Cibolo Creek flooded, the settlement was cut off. The first settlers planted wheat and corn, which did not need special equipment to harvest and process. In years, cotton was planted, proved to be a productive cash crop. In 1870, the first gin was built by the Schertz family, it was powered by mules and later by steam. This gin was located; the second cotton gin built by Weyel and Kallies was between Second streets. In years, there was a corn sheller and lumber yard; the first school, built in 1890, was across Cibolo Creek. In 1917 a new two-story brick school was built torn down to make room for the O'Henry School; the land for the school was donated by Adolph Schertz. In 1876, one of the largest boosts to Schertz came when the Galveston and San Antonio Railroad was built through the town.
This gave the people a chance to travel to San Antonio by rail instead of wagon or buggy, besides goods being shipped in and out. The first post office was established in 1882. At that time Schertz was still known as Cut Off. In 1899 it became Schertz. Sebastian Schertz operated a general store when the railroad was constructed. A big and active shooting club was located on the site, now the City Park. There was an annual shooting tournament called Koenig Schiessen or "King Shoot"; this was a two-day affair with people coming from San Antonio by train. The last night, a big dance was held to close the event for that year. A piece of live coal, blown from a switch engine, carrying gravel cars to or from the rock crusher, is believed to have blown on the shingle roof of the dance hall, setting it on fire and destroying it, it was rebuilt, but the club disbanded. The rockcrusher was at one time located in Cibolo Creek across from the public utilities of the city of Schertz; this was destroyed in 1913.
The first church in Schertz is the present day United Methodist Church on First Street. One of the oldest business buildings, the red brick building on Main Street, was built by Willie Schertz, it is now a hardware store and Masonic meeting place. It was the first mercantile store. On the site of the present-day Schertz Bank, a two-story hotel, a five-room hospital and drug store complex was built in 1909; the hotel was built by Henry Ebert. Dr. Watson was the resident doctor; this doctor used two methods of transportation to see his patients, a horse-drawn hack for good roads and horseback for emergencies in bad weather and long distances. In 1917 another red brick hospital on Main Street was built by Dr. C. M. Cotham and Miss Cora Karbach, a nurse, it is now an old apartment house. The first bank was chartered in 1913, one of the first bankers was Mr. Glass, he organized the National Home Guard during World War I, which drilled at night in the second story of the building that at the present time is the Masonic Lodge meeting place.
Randolph Field was a boon to Schertz in the late 1920s. Farm land was bought as the Air Corps needed 2,000 acres for the air academy, which opened in 1930. There were three sites considered; the present site was chosen because there was less fog in the area and the fog lifted earlier in the day, which meant more flying time. All of this boosted the economy not only for Schertz and the surrounding communities but for the areas of New Braunfels and San Antonio; the V. F. W. of Schertz was chartered in 1946. The first fire protection was from the Randolph Field Fire Department. Schertz businesses and citizens organized a fire department, the first business meeting of the Schertz Fire Department was February 8, 1956. Archie Woodward was the first fire chief. A combination fire station and city hall were built, the Schertz library is now in this building. A new library has been built next to the previous library. Schertz was incorporated as a city by the state of Texas in 1958; the original center of Schertz is located in western Guadalupe County at 29°33′21″N 98°16′22″W.
City Hall, located at 1400 Schertz Parkway, is in Guadalupe County. Large tracts of the city now extend south into Bexar County. Cibolo Creek, formin
Charlotte is a city in Atascosa County, United States. The population was 1,715 at the 2010 census, it is part of the San Antonio Metropolitan Statistical Area. The town is named for Charlotte Simmons, the daughter of Dr. Charles Simmons, who aided in the development of Atascosa County. Charlotte is located at 28°51′38″N 98°42′27″W; this is 52 miles south of downtown San Antonio. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.0 square miles, all land. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,637 people, 514 households, 401 families residing in the city; the population density was 823.4 people per square mile. There were 585 housing units at an average density of 294.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 64.94% White, 0.06% African American, 1.65% Native American, 29.93% from other races, 3.42% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 81.19% of the population. There were 514 households out of which 45.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.3% were married couples living together, 17.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 21.8% were non-families.
18.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.18 and the average family size was 3.61. In the city, the population was spread out with 34.8% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 18.0% from 45 to 64, 9.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.1 males. The median income for a household in the city was $24,792, the median income for a family was $27,976. Males had a median income of $24,375 versus $15,313 for females; the per capita income for the city was $9,769. About 24.9% of families and 30.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.1% of those under age 18 and 25.0% of those age 65 or over. Charlotte is served by the Charlotte Independent School District and home to the Charlotte High School Trojans; the climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters.
According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Charlotte has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. Charlotte Independent School District Handbook of Texas article