Weymouth is a seaside town in Dorset, situated on a sheltered bay at the mouth of the River Wey on the English Channel coast. The town is 8 kilometres north of the Isle of Portland; the town's population is 52,323. Weymouth has a metropolitan population of 71,083; the town is the third largest settlement in Dorset after the unitary authorities of Bournemouth and Poole. Weymouth is a tourist resort, its economy depends on its harbour and visitor attractions. Weymouth Harbour has included cross-channel ferries, is home to pleasure boats and private yachts, nearby Portland Harbour is home to the Weymouth and Portland National Sailing Academy, where the sailing events of the 2012 Olympic Games and Paralympic Games were held; the A354 road bridge connects Weymouth to Portland, which together form the borough of Weymouth and Portland. The history of the borough stretches back to the 12th century. Weymouth originated as a settlement on a constricted site to the south and west of Weymouth Harbour, an outlying part of Wyke Regis.
The town developed from the mid 12th century was not noted until the 13th century. By 1252 it became a chartered borough. Melcombe Regis developed separately on the peninsula to the north of the harbour. French raiders found the port so accessible. Melcombe Regis is thought to be the first port at which the Black Death came into England in June 1348 either aboard a spice ship or an army ship. In their early history Weymouth and Melcombe Regis were rivals for trade and industry, but the towns were united in an Act of Parliament in 1571 to form a double borough. Both towns have become known despite Melcombe Regis being the main centre; the villages of Upwey, Preston, Wyke Regis, Southill and Littlemoor have become part of the built-up area. King Henry VIII had two Device Forts built to protect the south Dorset coast from invasion in the 1530s: Sandsfoot Castle in Wyke Regis and Portland Castle in Castletown. Parts of Sandsfoot have fallen into the sea due to coastal erosion. During the English Civil War, around 250 people were killed in the local Crabchurch Conspiracy in February 1645.
In 1635, on board the ship Charity, around 100 emigrants from the town crossed the Atlantic Ocean and settled in Weymouth, Massachusetts. More townspeople emigrated to the Americas to bolster the population of Weymouth, Nova Scotia and Salem, Massachusetts. There are memorials to this on the side of Weymouth Harbour and near to Weymouth Pavilion and Weymouth Sea Life Tower; the architect Sir Christopher Wren was the Member of Parliament for Weymouth in 1702, controlled nearby Portland's quarries from 1675 to 1717. When he designed St Paul's Cathedral, Wren had it built out of Portland Stone, the famous stone of Portland's quarries. Sir James Thornhill was born in the White Hart public house in Melcombe Regis and became the town's MP in 1722. Thornhill became an artist, coincidentally decorated the interior of St Paul's Cathedral; the resort is among the first modern tourist destinations, after King George III's brother the Duke of Gloucester built a grand residence there, Gloucester Lodge, passed the mild winter there in 1780.
A painted statue of the King stands on the seafront, called the King's Statue, renovated in 2007/8 by stripping 20 layers of paintwork, replacing it with new paints and gold leaf, replacing the iron framework with a stainless steel one. A mounted white horse representing the King is carved into the chalk hills of Osmington. Weymouth's esplanade is composed of Georgian terraces, which have been converted into apartments, shops and guest houses; the buildings were constructed in the Georgian and Regency periods between 1770 and 1855, designed by architects such as James Hamilton, were commissioned by wealthy businessmen, including those that were involved in the growth of Bath. These terraces form a continuous arc of buildings which face Weymouth Bay along the esplanade; the earliest purpose-built hotel there was the first incarnation of the Royal Hotel. The esplanade features the multi-coloured Jubilee Clock, erected in 1887 to mark the 50th year of Queen Victoria's reign. Statues of Victoria, George III and Sir Henry Edwards, Member of Parliament for the borough from 1867 to 1885, two war memorials stand along the Esplanade.
In the centre of the town lies Weymouth Harbour. Since the 18th century they have been linked by successive bridges over the narrowest part of the harbour; the present Town Bridge, built in 1930, is a lifting bascule bridge allowing boats to access the inner harbour. The Royal National Lifeboat Institution stationed a lifeboat at Weymouth for the first time on 26 January 1869. A boathouse was built with a slipway by the harbour and is still in use, although the lifeboat is now moored at a pontoon. During World War I 120,000 ANZAC personnel convalesced in Weymouth after being injured at Gallipoli or other theatres
A grammar school is one of several different types of school in the history of education in the United Kingdom and other English-speaking countries a school teaching Latin, but more an academically-oriented secondary school, differentiated in recent years from less academic secondary modern schools. The original purpose of medieval grammar schools was the teaching of Latin. Over time the curriculum was broadened, first to include Ancient Greek, English and other European languages, natural sciences, history and other subjects. In the late Victorian era grammar schools were reorganised to provide secondary education throughout England and Wales. Grammar schools of these types were established in British territories overseas, where they have evolved in different ways. Grammar schools became the selective tier of the Tripartite System of state-funded secondary education operating in England and Wales from the mid-1940s to the late 1960s and continuing in Northern Ireland. With the move to non-selective comprehensive schools in the 1960s and 1970s, some grammar schools became independent and charged fees, while most others were abolished or became comprehensive.
In both cases, many of these schools kept "grammar school" in their names. More a number of state grammar schools still retaining their selective intake gained academy status, meaning that they are independent of the Local Education Authority; some parts of England retain forms of the Tripartite System, a few grammar schools survive in otherwise comprehensive areas. Some of the remaining grammar schools can trace their histories to before the 16th century. Although the term scolae grammaticales was not used until the 14th century, the earliest such schools appeared from the sixth century, e.g. the King's School and the King's School, Rochester. The schools were attached to cathedrals and monasteries, teaching Latin – the language of the church – to future priests and monks. Other subjects required for religious work were added, including music and verse and mathematics and law. With the foundation of the ancient universities from the late 12th century, grammar schools became the entry point to a liberal arts education, with Latin seen as the foundation of the trivium.
Pupils were educated in grammar schools up to the age of 14, after which they would look to universities and the church for further study. Three of the first schools independent of the church – Winchester College, Oswestry School and Eton College – were tied to the universities. An example of an early grammar school founded by an early modern borough corporation unconnected with church or university is Bridgnorth Grammar School, founded in 1503 by Bridgnorth Borough Corporation. During the English Reformation in the 16th century, most cathedral schools were closed and replaced by new foundations funded from the dissolution of the monasteries. For example, the oldest extant schools in Wales – Christ College and the Friars School, Bangor – were established on the sites of former Dominican monasteries. King Edward VI made an important contribution to grammar schools, founding a series of schools during his reign. A few grammar schools were established in the name of Queen Mary and Queen Elizabeth I.
King James I founded a series of "Royal Schools" in Ulster, beginning with The Royal Armagh. In theory these schools offered free tuition to those who could not pay fees. In the Scottish Reformation schools such as the Choir School of Glasgow Cathedral and the Grammar School of the Church of Edinburgh passed from church control to burgh councils, the burghs founded new schools. With the increased emphasis on studying the scriptures after the Reformation, many schools added Greek and, in a few cases, Hebrew; the teaching of these languages was hampered by a shortage of non-Latin type and of teachers fluent in the languages. During the 16th and 17th centuries the setting-up of grammar schools became a common act of charity by nobles, wealthy merchants and guilds. Many of these are still commemorated in annual "Founder's Day" services and ceremonies at surviving schools; the usual pattern was to create an endowment to pay the wages of a master to instruct local boys in Latin and sometimes Greek without charge.
The school day ran from 6 a.m. to 5 p.m. with a two-hour break for lunch. Most of the day was spent in the rote learning of Latin. To encourage fluency, some schoolmasters recommended punishing any pupil; the younger boys learned the parts of speech and Latin words in the first year, learned to construct Latin sentences in the second year, began translating English-Latin and Latin-English passages in the third year. By the end of their studies at age 14, they would be quite familiar with the great Latin authors, with Latin drama and rhetoric. Other skills, such as arithmetic and handwriting, were taught in odd moments or by travelling specialist teachers such as scriven
The Bourne Academy
The Bourne Academy known as Kings High School, is a mixed secondary school in Bournemouth, Dorset in England. The school has a specialist status as an Arts College; the school was built in 1937 as East Howe Senior School for girls. The original East Howe School was built in 1912 by Dorset County Council; the school was brought under the control of Bournemouth Local Education Authority in 1931 when Bournemouth extended its boundaries to include the area. The school grew and the seniors moved to their new building along Hadow Road. During World War II, the school was utilized as a hospital; the original 1912 school is now used as a youth centre. In 1967 the boys and girls schools merged to become Kingsleigh Secondary School; the local infant school and junior school were renamed Kingsleigh. A number of buildings were added to the school. In 2000 the school was renamed Kings High School; the school was led by Mr Gareth Jones who, within five years, turned Kings High into Bournemouth's most improved school - with 60% of its pupils achieving five A* to C's, compared with 24% in 2001, he was promoted to run several schools in London and awarded an MBE in 2006.
Kings High School was led by Alyn Fendley up until 2010, the year the school was renovated and deemed'The Bourne Academy'. The academy became something more and wage The Bourne Academy specialises in English and Engineering
Queen Elizabeth's School, Wimborne Minster
Queen Elizabeth's School is a co-educational secondary school in Wimborne Minster, England. QE is an upper school, taking students between the ages of 13 and 18. In November 2014 there were 1,482 pupils, including 391 in the sixth form, it is situated to the west of Wimborne Minster alongside the National Trust's Kingston Lacy estate and serves a wide area. Students travel from as far afield as Sixpenny Handley near Salisbury to the north, Alderholt on the Hampshire border to the east and Blandford Forum to the west. However, most students live in or around Wimborne, the main feeder schools being Allenbourn Middle School, Cranborne Middle School, Emmanuel Middle School and St Michael's Middle School. QE is a Church of England school, with close links to the Minster in Wimborne. Queen Elizabeth's was founded by Lady Margaret Beaufort, the mother of Henry VII, her father, John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset, occupied the Kingston Lacy estate in the mid-15th century and Lady Margaret was brought up there.
When John Beaufort died he was buried at Wimborne Minster and his daughter set up a chantry to say masses for his soul in perpetuity. In her will, she included a provision that the chantry priest "should teach Grammar to all who come thereto". Tithes on properties belonging to her estate were assigned for the payment of the Grammar School's expenses. In 1563 Queen Elizabeth I reconfirmed the provisions of Lady Margaret’s will on condition that from on the school be known as Queen Elizabeth's Free Grammar School in Wimborne Minster; until Victorian times the curriculum continued to centre on Greek and Latin. Student numbers were low until the beginning of the 20th century. At the first inspection by the new Education board in 1905 there were 37 day boys. By 1929 there were 150 pupils. In 1945 QE became a voluntary controlled school under the Department of Education; the first 30 girls joined in 1953. Between 1965 and 1975 about 90% of state secondary schools in England abandoned selection and became comprehensives.
As part of this sweeping change Queen Elizabeth’s Grammar School merged with Wimborne Secondary Modern and moved to the present site. In February 2006 it was announced that QE School would be rebuilt under the Building Schools for the Future programme. Additional funding was secured by making the new building a demonstration project for sustainable schools - features included a ground-air heat exchanger system and biomass boilers; the school was designed by architects Feilden Clegg Bradley in partnership with Mouchel, constructed by Carillion. Students influenced the design from the start; the new buildings went up next to the old ones and were occupied in October 2011. On November 1, 2014, QE converted to an academy; the managing company, Queen Elizabeth’s School, is registered in England and Wales: Company Number 8696394. When it became an academy, the school's unique reference number changed to 141526; the old URN 113883 should be used to find historical data such as performance tables. Edubase The Web site devoted to the boys and girls of Queen Elizabeth's Grammar School Wimborne, collectively known as, The Old Winburnians
Sherborne Preparatory School
Sherborne Preparatory School is a non-selective coeducational preparatory school in the town of Sherborne, Dorset in southern England. It is not affiliated with Sherborne School, located just down the street, although they once shared the same campus and many boys transfer to the school after finishing at the prep school. Pupils go on to other independent schools around the county the nearby Sherborne School and Sherborne Girls as well as other schools in South West England. Sherborne Prep was founded in 1858 by Reverend A C Clapin, a housemaster at Sherborne School; the Headmaster Hugo Harper had asked him to establish a junior house at the school to educate younger boys. The school outgrew its premises over the next few decades. In 1885, it moved out to its own premises and became a independent preparatory school, it became coeducational during the 1970s, following a trend set by many single-sex independent schools. Until 1998, it was run before being turned over to a charitable trust. Half the leavers go on to Sherborne School and Sherborne Girls, the prep school has close ties with the senior schools.
Other children go on to a wide range of senior schools, including Eton, Cheltenham Ladies, Marlborough, Canford. 20-30% of pupils board at the school. There are two boarding houses: Netherton, they are cared for by their assistants and the resident matron. The school has a distinguished literary history, with a number of prominent writers attending the school, most notably John Cowper Powys and Louis MacNeice. Sherborne Prep featured in an ITV documentary Boarding Schools: The Secret Shame with broadcaster and journalist Alex Renton in February 2018. Three survivors of child abuse spoke about their experience of Robin Lindsay who practiced abuse across three decades or more while headmaster at the school; the MP for West Dorset, Rt Hon Sir Oliver Letwin, has supported calls for an inquiry into the handling of the allegations by the police and authorities. In April 2018 Dorset's Police and Crime Commissioner ruled out an inquiry saying he did not believe a new inquiry would "further justice". A 1993 report by Dorset Social Services was released by Dorset County Council in April 2018 following a Freedom of Information request by Somerset Live.
The report confirmed that the Department for Education and police department had records regarding complaints about Lindsay's behaviour towards boarders in 1974, 1982, 1985 and 1986. The report raised questions regarding his suitability as headmaster, yet despite this Robin Lindsay remained in post for another five years. A report in 1997 said to be "damning in the extreme" was lost or destroyed, he was banned from teaching in 1998 by the Department for Education which found him to be a ‘fixated paedophile’. A teacher at the school went to the police in 1985 to report allegations of abuse by Lindsay, he approached the Independent Association of Preparatory Schools. But the chair at the time, Robin Peverett, did not assist, according to reports in Devon Live the teacher was “warned off and threatened”. Peverett, headmaster of Dulwich Preparatory School until his retirement in 1990 admitted nine counts of indecent assault on girls and a boy aged 11 to 13 between 1969 and 1978 and received an 18-month suspended sentence.
In 1998, Lindsay sold the school for £1 to Canon Eric Woods, rector of Sherborne Abbey, who acting as chair alongside the heads of Sherborne School and Sherborne School for Girls were the first governors. The school had gained charitable status in April 1998 during Lindsay's time, a few months prior to his ejection by the Department of Education findings, but the school and Canon Eric Woods have claimed that charitable status was sought after Lindsay's departure and that the school is now a separate entity to the one operated and owned by Robin Lindsay. Lindsay retired to a house overlooking the school playing fields, he died in 2016 after several years of dementia which prevented the police from interviewing him during 2014 and 2015 when more victims came forward. In April 2018 Devon Live reported that Lindsay’s victims could run into the hundreds, making this one of the largest child sex abuse scandals the UK has seen. In August 2018, it was reported that solicitors acting for claimants were preparing a legal test case against the school.
They are arguing that although the school is now a new entity, it is liable because Lindsay sold it to the charity for £1 and the buyers knew of the abuse. The authorities were aware of the abuse allegations at the time, at least five inquiries were conducted into Lindsay’s behaviour, but no action was taken. One former pupil who says he was abused by Lindsay for nearly two years commented “No other headmaster had this number of statutory investigations and yet he got clean away with his abuse."On 5 October 2018 it was announnced by IICSA the Independent Inquiry into Child Sex Abuse, that Sherborne Prep would be one of the schools investigated within the Residential Schools Investigation. School Website Profile on IAPS website Profile on the ISC website Profile on the Good Schools Guide ISI Inspection Reports
The Thomas Hardye School
The Thomas Hardye School is a secondary academy school in Dorchester, England. It is part of the DASP group; the school is named after a distant collateral ancestor of the author Thomas Hardy and Admiral Thomas Hardy. Hardye was a property owner who endowed the Dorchester'free' school in 1579, ten years after its completion by the town, his monument is on the south wall of St. Peter's Church; the Tudor grammar school offered free education to boys of the town and neighbourhood and flourished under the Puritan regime of Revd. John White, it survived the doldrums of the 18th century, though at times having few scholars, struggled through the first half of the 19th century. The Charity Commission closed it whilst it was rebuilt, reopening in 1883, it was known as Dorchester Grammar School until 1952, when the name Hardye's School was adopted as a reminder of the 16th century founder and links to the Hardye family. Though he had as a child attended Isaac Last's rival establishment in Durngate Street, Thomas Hardy, the author, laid one of the foundation stones for the school's new building on the out-of-town Fordington site in 1927 - parents attached great importance to health as an aspect of education at the time.
The land had belonged to the Duchy of Cornwall, the new building was formally opened in 1928 by the Duke of Cornwall, the Prince of Egypt, remained the'Hardye's' site until 1992. The Memorial Gates, dedicated in 1957, escaped demolition and were moved to the new Thomas Hardye School. Dorchester Grammar School for Girls was opened in around 1930, Dorchester Modern School some time after the 1944 Education Act; these schools formed the basis of the Thomas Hardye School. Dorchester Grammar School for Girls became Castlefield School in 1980 on the site of the Dorchester Secondary Modern School; the boys' school had boarding facilities until 1982. The current school is a merger of the former Hardye's School and Castlefield School in 1992 on the Castlefield site when the decision was made to have a mixed comprehensive school; the Hardye's School site was subsequently developed into housing. On Friday 12 December 2008, the Prince of Wales and the Duchess of Cornwall visited the school to open the newly constructed library and sports hall.
On 1 August 2011, the Thomas Hardye School gained academy status under the UK Government scheme. The school provides government funded education for children from Year 9 to Year 11, takes them through GCSE and BTEC courses, it has an integrated sixth form which sees many of its pupils attending some of the UK's top universities every year. This takes pupils through AVCEs. Many additional courses including International Baccalaureate are available, with many pupils finding that the courses are becoming more popular among their prospective universities with some offers being lowered; until the end of 2010, the school's headteacher was Dr. Iain Melvin O. B. E, who had served for 22 years; the current headteacher is Michael Foley who started at the school in September 2011. The school is situated on the western edge of Dorchester, next to Thomas Hardye Leisure Centre; the school has the largest integrated sixth form in the United Kingdom which shares teachers and facilities with the'lower school', but enjoys many more privileges.
It offers a choice of more than 80 courses. Since 2008 it has offered pupils the opportunity to study for the International Baccalaureate; the IB is an internationally recognised qualification which offers access to the world's leading universities. However, this was stopped in 2015 due to lack of funding; the school has a partnership with local land-based college Kingston Maurward and this is the first of its kind in the UK. The partnership with Kingston Maurward College offers pupils practical alternatives to traditional A-levels, increasing subject choice while retaining the academic emphasis for higher education and employment. In June the Sixth Form votes for two new presidents to run the Student Union for the next year; the union's responsibilities vary, depending on what direction the presidents want to take it, but they include charity, socials and the yearbook. In 2011, 12 students achieved places at Oxbridge. Most who apply, go on to their'first choice' university; this gives the THS Sixth Form one of the highest university outputs in the region, in the same league as private colleges.
The school has a CCF, running for the last 100 years. The CCF has a Army contingent as well as an RAF section, they train and compete on a national level. The Army contingent is cap-badged the Rifles and was Devonshire and Dorset Regiment; the school produces many future officers. Attached is a Drum Corps that performs annually at the Remembrance day parade, at other events such as school music performances and many other external events; the school's'Science College' status has meant that over the past decade it has been one of the Southwest's leading secondary, further education, institutions of the sciences. It has regular discussion groups and events celebrating science and educating young people, the community, its pupils won several national and international awards and many go on to Oxbridge to study medicine. Aaron Cook attended the school for years 9-10 but never completed his full education in order to concentrate on his Olympic dreams and prepara
Bryanston School is a co-educational independent school for both day and boarding pupils, located next to the village of Bryanston, near the town of Blandford Forum, in Dorset in South West England. It was founded in 1928, it occupies a palatial country house designed and built in 1889–94 by Richard Norman Shaw, the champion of a renewed academic tradition, for Viscount Portman, the owner of large tracts in the West End of London, in the early version of neo-Georgian style that Sir Edwin Lutyens called "Wrenaissance", to replace an earlier house, is set in 400 acres. Bryanston is a member of Headmistresses' Conference and the Eton Group, it has a reputation as a artistic school using some ideas of the Dalton Plan. The school opened on 24 January 1928 with seven members of staff. In 2004, the school had 80 teachers. During the mid-1930s, Bryanston School was the location of Anglo-German youth camps where the Hitler Youth and Boy Scouts tried to develop links. In 2005 the school was one of fifty of the country's leading independent schools which were found guilty of running an illegal price-fixing cartel.
In 2014 the school opened a new music building, the Tom Wheare Music School, designed by Hopkins Architects and named after a headteacher of Bryanston. The 300-seat concert hall was named after conductor Sir Mark Elder, a pupil at the school; the interior of the building won a 2015 Wood Award. Allan Beechwood Cranborne Connaught Dorset Greenleaves Harthan Hunter Portman Purbeck Salisbury Shaftesbury J. G. Jeffreys Thorold Coade Robson Fisher Rev. David Jones Bob Allan Tom Wheare Sarah Thomas — first female head of Bryanston. Alumni of the school are known as Old Bryanstonians. "The Society exists to further the cause of Bryanston in the broadest possible sense. It aims to bring together the whole Bryanston family through social and sporting events." The school estate has Europe's tallest London Plane tree. Each year, the JACT Ancient Greek Summer School is held at Bryanston; the school hosts the annual Dorset Opera Festival, which combines amateur and professional performers. Operas are staged at the conclusion of a two-week summer school.
List of independent schools in the United Kingdom Canford School, a boarding school in Dorset Don Potter, sculptor and teacher at the school 1940–1984 R. Norman Shaw, architect of the main building The Coade Hall, a theatre at the school The Burning Bow, Thorold F. Coade. London: Allen & Unwin. ISBN 0-04-370001-2. Bryanston Reflections: Et nova et vetera, Angela Holdsworth. London: Third Millennium Publishing. ISBN 1-903942-38-1. Bryanston School website UK Schools Guide entry at Archive.today Independent Schools Inspectorate report, 2007 at the Wayback Machine Dorset Life article on the history of the school building Leading sculptors mark school's 75th birthday, The Guardian, 2 June 2003