click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Whalebone (horse)

Whalebone was a British Thoroughbred racehorse that won the 1810 Epsom Derby and was a successful sire of racehorses and broodmares in the 1820s. Whalebone and his full-brother Whisker were produced by the prolific and important broodmare Penelope, they contributed to the perpetuation of the genetic line of their sire Waxy and grandsire Eclipse into the 20th century. Whalebone raced until he was six years old and was retired to stud at Petworth in 1815. Whalebone sired the Derby winners Lap-dog and may have been the sire of Moses. Other notable sons are the sire of Touchstone. Whalebone died in 1831 at the age of 24 of hemorrhage after covering a mare. Whalebone was bred by the Duke of Grafton in 1807 at his Euston Hall stud farm near Newmarket, he was sired by the 1793 Epsom Derby winner Waxy out of the mare Penelope, both owned by the Duke. As a racehorse, Penelope was a contemporary of the 1801 Derby-winning filly Eleanor, beating her several times, was half-sister to 1809 Derby winner Pope and the mares Pope Joan and Prudence.

Penelope was a prolific and influential broodmare, producing eight full-siblings to Whalebone that achieved success on the turf. She produced 13 foals between 1806 and 1823, all with names beginning with the letter W. Whalebone was her second foal and his full-siblings include Web, Wilful, Whisker and Windfall. Penelope died in 1824. Whalebone was a mottled bay or brown colt that stood 15.2 hands high with "short legs, high-bred nostrils and prominent eyes." He was a "plainish looking" horse with a "Turkish-pony look" and thick neck and body that were not as well-proportioned as those of his full-brother Whisker. Whalebone was one of the smallest horses Waxy produced. In the words of his groom, Dryman, "he was the lowest and longest, most-double jointed horse, with the best legs—eight and a half below the knee—and worst feet I saw in my life." Whalebone's first career start occurred on 9 May at Newmarket where Whalebone ran a dead heat and won the 50-guinea Newmarket Stakes, beating the colts Brother to Burleigh and Eccleston while carrying 119 pounds.

On 7 June at Epsom, Whalebone won the Derby Stakes, beating The Dandy, Eccleston and a field of eight other horses after leading from the start in a race where he "was never headed." He was the race favorite at 5 to 2, his Derby win was a consecutive victory for the Duke of Grafton who had won the race the previous year with his colt Pope. Pope was sired by Waxy and was out of Whalebone's maternal grandam Prunella. At the First October Meeting at Newmarket, Whalebone received a forfeiture of 60 guineas from Mr. Shakespear's colt Nuncio and walked over for a 25-guinea subscription stakes. On 29 October at Houghton, Whalebone was beaten in a match race by the colt Treasurer while carrying seven more pounds than his opponent. A few days at the same meeting Whalebone secured two wins in match races, beating Major Wheatley's colt Sir Marrinel while carrying eight pounds more than his opponent and beating the colt Thorn a day later, he received forfeitures of 100 guineas from Mr. Shakespear's Knave of Clubs and an unspecified amount from G. H. Cavendish's colt Florival.

In May, Whalebone received 60 guineas forfeiture from Mr. Henry Vansittart's colt Gloster. On 6 August at Huntingdon, Whalebone was third in the Portholme Stakes to the filly Barrosa and the colt Bolter. For the Newmarket Trial Stakes on 30 September, Whalebone was third to the colt Florival and the filly Sprightly. Whalebone won the 100-guinea King's Plate a few days and at the Second October Meeting, received a forfeit from major Wilson's colt Erebus and was unplaced for the Cheveley Stakes. In November he received 140 guineas forfeit from Mr. Shakespear's colt Tumbler. At the Newmarket-Craven Meeting, Whalebone was beaten in a match race by Major Wilson's colt Bolter. In April at Newmarket, Whalebone won the 100-guinea King's Plate and was third in a 300-guinea sweepstakes race to the colts Trophonius and Invalid. In July at Newmarket, he paid a 10-guinea forfeit for a handicap sweepstakes. On 9 September at Northampton, Whalebone won a 100-guinea gold cup race against four other horses. Whalebone was sold by the Duke of Grafton in October 1812 to Mr. Ladbroke for 700 guineas.

Whalebone's first start under Ladbroke's ownership was on 26 October at the Houghton meeting where he won a match race against Mr. Lake's two-year-old colt Turner. Whalebone won an additional match race against the Lord Sackville's horse Pan at the same meeting. Whalebone ran three times in 1813, winning the 100-guinea His Majesty's Plate on 8 June at Guildford against three other horses and the Lewes His Majesty's Plate on 5 August. On 7 August, in what was the last start of Whalebone's racing career, he won the 60-guinea Ladies' Plate against Lord Somerset's colt Offa's Dyke. Ladbroke "took a dislike to Whalebone" and sold him in 1814 for 510 guineas to Lord Egremont. Whalebone was thought to be a poor stud prospect due to his small stature and Lord Egremont put him back into training. However, the seven-year-old horse had become "dangerous to ride," having "acquired the habit of rearing to an alarming extent" and would "knock his hooves together like a pair of castanettes." He was permanently retired from racing and became a breeding stallion for Lord Egremont in 1815.

Whalebone began his stud career at Petworth in Sussex in 1815 for a fee of 10 guineas per mare and one guinea for the groom alongside the stallions Octavius and Canopus. His fee was 20 guineas per mare in 1830, the year preceding his death, he stood at Petworth for the entire

Webb, Mississippi

Webb is a town in Tallahatchie County, Mississippi. The population was 587 at the 2000 census. Webb was founded circa 1880; the first post office was named Hood for one of the earlier settlers. In 1882, Judge James L. A. Webb, a Confederate veteran and a University of North Carolina graduate, operated the only store there and the Hood Masonic Lodge was built. There was one saloon at that time called "The Razzle Dazzle"; the town was incorporated in 1905. In those days most of the groceries and necessities were brought to Hood by flat bottom boat from Sharkey, being hauled down the river from Friars Point. Cassidy Bayou was navigable and was maintained by the government from Sharkey to Hood; the town was renamed in honor of Judge Webb. In July 2001, Earnestine Dixon became the first African American mayor of the town, serving one term from 2001-2005. Marrell Dixon, the son of Earnestine Dixon, became the first person to play any type of professional sports, he was the first person from Webb to play football at Mississippi State University.

Webb is located at 33°56′49″N 90°20′43″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.4 square miles, all land. As of the census of 2000, there were 587 people, 225 households, 135 families residing in the town; the population density was 1,380.0 people per square mile. There were 251 housing units at an average density of 590.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 35.09% White, 61.33% African American, 2.04% Asian, 1.53% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.85% of the population. There were 225 households out of which 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.3% were married couples living together, 20.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 40.0% were non-families. 35.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.47. In the town, the population was spread out with 26.1% under the age of 18, 12.9% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 18.6% from 45 to 64, 16.0% who were 65 years of age or older.

The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.4 males. The median income for a household in the town was $25,000, the median income for a family was $29,063. Males had a median income of $26,500 versus $23,125 for females; the per capita income for the town was $12,272. About 16.2% of families and 26.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.4% of those under age 18 and 26.1% of those age 65 or over. The Town of Webb is served by the West Tallahatchie School District; as of 2002 some children in Webb attended the North Sunflower Academy in unincorporated Sunflower County, Strider Academy in Charleston. Mamie Till Mobley—mother of Emmett Till. Webb, Mississippi at City-Data

Bronglais Hospital

Bronglais Hospital is an Acute District General Hospital in Aberystwyth, Wales. It is managed by Hywel Dda University Health Board, it is the only acute hospital serving the population of mid-Wales and is the main hospital for the students of Aberystwyth University. The hospital has its origins in Aberystwyth Dispensary, founded in Great Darkgate Street in 1821, it moved to Upper Portland Street as the Aberystwyth Infirmary and Cardiganshire General Hospital in 1838, to Little Darkgate Street in 1858 and to North Road in 1888. It joined the National Health Service as Aberystwyth and Cardiganshire General Hospital in 1948. Following the demolition of the Aberystwyth Union Workhouse, it moved to the site occupied by the workhouse in Caradog Road in 1966. A new accident and emergency department opened in March 2013. Local perceptions of under-investment in the hospital led the Welsh Institute for Health and Social Care to conclude in 2014 that there was "a near-dysfunctional level of mistrust and concern" about the health board's plans.

Hospital website

Walter Hannaford

Walter Hannaford was a farmer and politician in South Australia. Walter Hannaford was born in Riverton, South Australia, a son of John Elliott Hannaford and his wife Selina S. Hannaford née Sambell. Walter was educated at Thomas Caterer's College at Semaphore; as a young man he had a financial interest in a Queensland grazing property, he took a keen interest in local government there, as well as in the Riverton district, where he was for some time chairman of the District Council of Gilbert. He took over his father's Riverton property "Broad Oak" around 1898 when his father retired to Medindie and continued to operate the farm, he was elected to the Legislative Council in 1912, representing the Midland district, held it until 1941, when he retired. During his years in Parliament he worked in the interests of primary producers. While a member of the Legislative Council he was a member of the Main Roads Board, the Wheat Commission, Betting Commission, he was a director of the SA Farmers' Co-operative Union, was local director of the Citizens' and Producers' Life Assurance Company.

He left a widow, three sons, two daughters. Walter Hannaford, one of many notable descendants of Susannah Hannaford, married Clara Evelyn Bowden on 23 March 1899, lived at "Broad Oak", Riverton "Leiston", Galway Avenue Collinswood. Among their children were: Nelson Laura Clive Hannaford married Edna May Wood on 16 March 1926, he was Liberal senator for South Australia 1950–1967. Kingsley Hannaford Enid married Leslie Wallis on 20 December 1930

Back to Front (The Temptations album)

Back to Front is the sixty-first Temptations album and was released on 23 October 2007. It contains covers of songs that were hits for Stax Records artists, as well as other non-Motown artists; the album includes covers of "Minute by Minute" by The Doobie Brothers and "How Deep Is Your Love" by The Bee Gees. "Never, Never Gonna Give You Up" "Hold On, I'm Comin"" "Wake Up Everybody" "Minute by Minute" "I'm In Love" "Don't Ask My Neighbors" "Love Ballad" "Let It Be Me" "How Deep Is Your Love" " Back in Love Again" "Respect Yourself" " If You Love Somebody Set Them Free" "How Deep Is Your Love" "Minute By Minute" Otis Williams Ron Tyson Terry Weeks Joe Herdon Bruce Williamson

Oenothera

Oenothera is a genus of about 145 species of herbaceous flowering plants native to the Americas. It is the type genus of the family Onagraceae. Common names include evening primrose and sundrops, they are not related to the true primroses. The species vary in size from small alpine plants 10 centimeters tall, such as O. acaulis from Chile, to vigorous lowland species growing to 3 meters, such as O. stubbei from Mexico. The leaves form a basal rosette at ground spiral up to the flowering stems; the blades are dentate or lobed. The flowers of many species open in the evening, hence the name "evening primrose", they may open in under a minute. Most species have yellow flowers, but some have white, pink, or red. Most native desert species are white. Oenothera caespitosa, a species of western North America, produces white flowers that turn pink with age. One of the most distinctive features of the flower is the stigma, which has four branches in an X shape. Oenothera flowers are pollinated by insects, such as bees.

Like many other members of the Onagraceae, the pollen grains are loosely held together by viscin threads, so only insects that are morphologically specialized to gather this pollen can pollinate the flowers. Bees with typical scopa cannot hold it; the flowers open at a time when most bee species are inactive, so the bees which visit Oenothera are vespertine temporal specialists: bees that forage in the evening. The seeds ripen from late summer to fall. Oenothera are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species, including the large white-lined sphinx; the flower moths Schinia felicitata and S. florida both feed on the genus, the former is limited to O. deltoides. In the wild, some species of evening primrose act as primary colonizers appearing in cleared areas, they germinate in disturbed soils, can be found in habitat types such as dunes, railway embankments, waste areas. They are casual and are out competed by other species. Based on observations of evening primroses, a study discovered that within minutes of sensing the sound waves of nearby bee wings through flower petals, the concentration of the sugar in the plant's nectar was increased by an average of 20 percent.

Experiments were conducted on flowers with the petals removed. No change in nectar production was noted, indicating that it is indeed the flowers that have the job of the ears; the genus Oenothera may have originated in Mexico and Central America, spread farther north in North America and into South America. With the advent of international travel, species are now found in most temperate regions of the world. In Europe alone there are about 70 introduced species of Oenothera. During the Pleistocene era a succession of ice ages swept down across North America, with intervening warm periods; this occurred four times, the genus experienced four separate waves of colonization, each hybridizing with the survivors of previous waves. This formed the present-day subsection Euoenothera; the group is genetically and morphologically diverse and the species are interfertile, so the species boundaries have been disputed amongst taxonomists. The pattern of repeated colonizations resulted in a unique genetic conformation in the Euoenothera whereby the chromosomes at meiosis can form circles rather than pairs.

This is the result of several reciprocal translocations between chromosomes such that the pairing occurs only at the tips. This phenomenon has non-Mendelian genetic consequences; this resulted in the evolution of many sympatric races in North America east of the Rocky Mountains. Analysis of the cytology of these races and of artificial hybrids between them increased understanding of the genetic and geographic evolution of the Euoenothera; this subject was a major area of genetic research during the first half of the 20th century. The appearance of sudden changes in Oenothera lamarckiana led the pioneering geneticist Hugo de Vries to propose the theory of mutationism in 1901; this asserted that speciation was driven by sudden large mutations able to produce new varieties in a single step. The understanding that the observed changes in hybrids of the plant were caused by chromosome duplications rather than gene mutation did not come until much later. Evening primroses were assigned to the genus Onagra, which gave the family Onagraceae its name.

Onagra was first used in botany in 1587, in English in Philip Miller's 1754 Gardeners Dictionary: Abridged. The modern name Oenothera was published by Carolus Linnaeus in his Systema Naturae, its etymology is uncertain, but is believed to be derived from the Greek words ονος θηρας, meaning "donkey catcher", or οινος θηρας, meaning "wine seeker". Evening primrose is a soothing remedy for coughs associated with colds, it has been used for mental depression, its effectiveness due to a stimulating effect on the liver, digestive apparatus. It can be made into an ointment useful for rashes and other skin irritations; the entire plant is edible. Evening Primrose is sedative; the drug extracted from this plant... has been tested in various directions, has been employed with success in the teatment of gastro-intestinal disorders of a functional origin and whooping cough. It has proved of service in dydpepsia, torpor of the liver, in certain female complaints, such as pelvic fullness. There is little evidenc