Wharton, New Jersey
Wharton is a borough in Morris County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 6,522, reflecting an increase of 224 from the 6,298 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 893 from the 5,405 counted in the 1990 Census. Wharton was incorporated as the borough Port Oram by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on June 26, 1895, created from portions of Randolph Township and Rockaway Township, subject to the results of a referendum passed on the previous day; the borough was named for Joseph Wharton of the Wharton Steel Company. In 1831, the Morris Canal was completed from Newark to Phillipsburg, New Jersey across the Delaware River from the terminus of the Lehigh Canal. On the way, it passed through Boonton and Port Oram. On this route it became a carrier for both ore and pig iron, its main purpose, was as an extension of the Lehigh Canal to furnish a route for anthracite coal from the Pennsylvania mines to seaboard. Any local traffic was a gain to supplement the through anthracite freight and iron ore and its products soon became important sources of revenue.
Sites on the canal were selected including iron works. On June 28, 1895, voters from the settlements Port Oram, Luxemburg and Mount Pleasant voted 143 to 51 to incorporate as the borough Port Oram, the largest of the communities in the area covering 2.25 square miles west of Dover, New Jersey. A mayor, six councilmen, an assessor and a collector were elected to govern the new borough which had started life as an ore shipping port on the Morris Canal; these elected officials represented the leaders of these settlements where iron ore was mined and shipped. The borough was renamed in 1902 in honor of Joseph Wharton, born in 1826 in Philadelphia to an old family of Quakers. Wharton first studied at a local Quaker school after which he worked on a farm rather than attend college because his parents wanted him to mature, during the winter studied chemistry at the laboratory of Martin Hans Boyè in Philadelphia, he started producing zinc and nickel, bought a controlling interest in Bethlehem Iron Works.
As his business interests expanded he purchased substantial shares of several railroads involved in the coal and iron trade purchasing iron mines and furnaces near Port Oram. After selling his interest in Bethlehem Iron Works in 1901 and his nickel works to CVRD Inco in 1902, he continued to acquire and manage a large and diverse business empire that included iron smelting in Wharton until just before his death in January, 1909. Wharton endowed the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania; the town was named after him at after a referendum in 1902. In 1984, the long-time local bar The Heslin House and Hartley's Store were destroyed in a gas leak explosion, in which flames as high as 100 feet destroyed several area buildings. Wharton was used as a filming location for Cyndi Lauper's music video "Time After Time" in 1984. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 2.219 square miles, including 2.146 square miles of land and 0.073 square miles of water.
The borough borders the Morris County municipality of Dover. Unincorporated communities in the borough include Irondale, Maryville, Mount Pleasant and Port Oram; the climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Wharton has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 6,522 people, 2,304 households, 1,589.760 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,039.0 per square mile. There were 2,426 housing units at an average density of 1,130.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 75.85% White, 4.57% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 5.67% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 9.61% from other races, 4.05% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 40.33% of the population. There were 2,304 households out of which 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.1% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.0% were non-families.
25.0% of all households were made up of individuals, 10.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.34. In the borough, the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 27.4% from 45 to 64, 11.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.2 years. For every 100 females there were 96.9 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 92.7 males. The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that median household income was $73,571 and the median family income was $75,176. Males had a median income of $48,750 versus $31,105 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $27,233. About 6.6% of families and 6.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.6% of those under age 18 and 0.0% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2000 United States Census there were 6,298 people, 2,328 households
Winsford is a town and civil parish within the unitary authority of Cheshire West and Chester and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England. It lies on the River Weaver south of Northwich and west of Middlewich, grew around the salt mining industry after the river was canalised in the 18th century, allowing freight to be conveyed northwards to the Port of Runcorn on the River Mersey; the town falls into the Winsford & Northwich Locality which has a 2017 Population estimate of 103,300, Winsford itself with its 3 wards make up around 32,610 of this figure. Winsford is split into three neighbourhoods: Over on the western side of the River Weaver, Wharton on the eastern side, Swanlow and Dene. Kings Henry III and Edward I held court at Darnhall near Winsford The latter king founded Vale Royal Abbey at Darnhall, but moved it in 1277 to near Whitegate. A charter to hold a Wednesday market and an annual fair at Over was granted on 24 November 1280 by Edward I to the Abbot and convent of Vale Royal Abbey.
From this charter can be traced the origins of the market, still held in the town. In 2012, the charter grant was used to revive an annual fair in Winsford, with the name of Winsford Salt Fair; the Government gave permission for artificial improvements to the River Weaver in 1721 to allow large barges to reach Winsford from the port of Liverpool. At first, this was the closest that barges carrying china clay from Cornwall could get to the Potteries district of north Staffordshire, rapidly developing as the major centre of ceramic production in Britain. Cornish china clay was used in the production of stoneware; the clay was taken overland from Winsford by pack horse to manufacturers in the Potteries, a distance of about 30 miles. Locally produced salt was transported to the Potteries, for use in the manufacture of salt-glazed stoneware. Finished ceramics from the Potteries were brought back to Winsford, for export through the Port of Liverpool; that trade ended in the 1780s when the Trent and Mersey Canal opened and carried the goods through Middlewich, bypassing Winsford.
The canalised River Weaver was the inspiration for the Duke of Bridgewater's canals, the engineer for the Weaver Navigation, Edwin Leader Williams and built the Manchester Ship Canal. From the 1830s, salt became important to Winsford because the salt mines under Northwich had begun to collapse and another source of salt near the River Weaver was needed. A new source was discovered in Winsford, leading to the development of a salt industry along the course of the River Weaver, where many factories were established; as a result, a new town developed within 1 mi of the old Borough of Over, focused on Delamere Street. Most of the early development took place on the other side of the river, with new housing, pubs, chapels and a new church being built in the former hamlet of Wharton; as the prevailing winds blew the smoke away from Over, it became the place for the wealthier inhabitants to live. However, barge workers and others working in Winsford started to develop the area along the old Over Lane, now the High Street.
The old borough had been connected by the 1860s. By the Second World War, employment in the salt trade had declined as one company took control of all the salt works and introduced methods of manufacture that needed much less labour. Slum clearance started in the 1930s and, by the 1950s three new housing estates had been built on both sides of the river to replace sub-standard homes; however in the 1960s, Winsford could be described as "one long line of terraced houses from the station to Salterswall". The town experienced a major expansion in the late 1960s and 1970s with its designation as an Expanded Town under the Town Development Act 1952 to take overspill from Liverpool; this saw the development of two new industrial areas on both sides of the town, new estates of council and private housing and a new shopping centre with a library, sports centre, civic hall and doctors' surgeries. But the town's population did not grow as much as planned, so the new civic buildings were too large for the population.
The expansion led to a mix of people in the town, comprising the original Cheshire residents and a large wave of migrants from Liverpool. There was some friction between "Old" and "New" Winsfordians; the term "Woolyback" for "Old" Winsfordians was a common term of abuse related to their supposed rural roots. These tensions have now subsided. Vale Royal Borough Council was formed in 1974, covering Winsford, Northwich and a large rural area of mid-Cheshire. In 1991, the council moved its main office from Northwich to a purpose-built headquarters in Winsford, which since April 2009 has been used by its successor authority Cheshire West and Chester Council; the same building houses Winsford Town Council. Since both Cheshire Fire Service and Cheshire Police have moved headquarters from the county town of Chester to Winsford; the local hamlets and villages of Moulton, Stanthorne, Wettenhall are all within the towns limits and use the towns resources Currently there are two layers of local government with responsibility for Winsford, Cheshire West and Chester Council, the town council.
There used to be three tiers, however Vale Royal Borough Council and Cheshire County Council were abolished on 31 March 2009. The town is represented by Member of Parliament for Eddisbury. Winsford is served by two Cheshire Police teams. Winsford Neighbourhood Policing Team covers the town centre and Wharton, the Western Rural Neighbourhood Policing Team covers St Chads and Darnhall. A small area in the south of the civil parish fall
Wharton, West Virginia
Wharton is an unincorporated community and coal town on the Pond Fork River in Boone County in the U. S. state of West Virginia. Wharton lies along West Virginia Route 85. Wharton was named for a large landowner from Philadelphia. On February 1, 2006, a miner was killed at Long Branch Energy's #18 mine in Wharton when a wall support popped loose; this fatality along with another one in a separate incident in Uneeda in Boone County, caused West Virginia Governor Joe Manchin to call for a "stand-down on mine safety" at West Virginia's mines
Wharton is a village in Wyandot County, United States. The population was 358 at the 2010 census. Wharton was called Whartonsburg, under the latter name was laid out in 1848; the village was named in honor of an early settler. A post office was established as Whartonsburgh in 1852, the name was changed to Wharton in 1879. Wharton is located at 40°51′39″N 83°27′48″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.26 square miles, all land. As of the census of 2010, there were 358 people, 133 households, 101 families residing in the village; the population density was 284.1 inhabitants per square mile. There were 155 housing units at an average density of 123.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 0.8 % from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.8% of the population. There were 133 households of which 42.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.4% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 9.0% had a male householder with no wife present, 24.1% were non-families.
18.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.00. The median age in the village was 36.4 years. 26% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the village was 48.6 % female. As of the census of 2000, there were 409 people, 145 households, 114 families residing in the village; the population density was 325.3 people per square mile. There were 153 housing units at an average density of 121.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 0.24 % Native American and 0.24 % Asian. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.24% of the population. There were 145 households out of which 42.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.5% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 20.7% were non-families. 19.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.16. In the village, the population was spread out with 31.3% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 17.1% from 45 to 64, 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 96.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.9 males. The median income for a household in the village was $38,000, the median income for a family was $40,833. Males had a median income of $31,389 versus $22,813 for females; the per capita income for the village was $14,645. About 0.9% of families and 2.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.4% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over
Wharton Township, Fayette County, Pennsylvania
Wharton Township is a township in Fayette County, United States. The population was 3,575 at the 2010 census, down from 4,145 at the 2000 census; the Uniontown Area School District serves the region. Farmington, Deer Lake, Elliotsville and Gibbon Glade are communities in the township. Downer Tavern, Fayette-Springs Hotel, Fort Necessity National Battlefield, Rush House, Wharton Furnace are listed on the National Register of Historic Places; the township is in southern Fayette County, bordered to the south by West Virginia. U. S. Route 40, the National Road, crosses the township, leading southeast to Cumberland and northwest to Uniontown, the Fayette County seat. Chestnut Ridge forms the western border of the township, with the highest point reaching 2,778 feet above sea level. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 91.8 square miles, of which 91.6 square miles is land and 0.2 square miles, or 0.19%, is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 4,145 people, 1,362 households, 1,010 families residing in the township.
The population density was 45.1 people per square mile. There were 1,750 housing units at an average density of 19.0/sq mi. The racial makeup of the township was 99.13% White, 0.10% African American, 0.02% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, 0.41% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.41% of the population. There were 1,362 households, out of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.6% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.8% were non-families. 20.7% of all households were made up of individuals, 7.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.88. In the township the population was spread out, with 26.8% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 97.5 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.6 males. The mode income for a household in the township is $36,552, the mode income for a family is $37,365. Males have a mode income of $26,108 versus $21,833 for females; the per capita income for the township was $16,261. About 6.6% of families and 14.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.5% of those under age 18 and 16.6% of those age 65 or over. Wharton Township is the home of Fort Necessity, the famous French and Indian War site at which George Washington lost his only battle as a commander; the grave of British general Edward Braddock is located nearby, as is Mount Washington Tavern, a former hotel from the 19th century National Road. The area is home to two Christian communities known as the Bruderhof known as Spring Valley and New Meadow Run; the communities are Anabaptist in home to several hundred people. Nemacolin Woodlands Resort, an elite country club and resort, is located in Wharton Township, it is a popular retreat for wealthy residents of Pittsburgh and Washington.
The site is operated by owners of 84 Lumber. The resort's Mystic Rock golf course played home to the PGA event known as the 84 Lumber Classic. Wharton Township official website
Wharton State Forest
Wharton State Forest is the largest state forest in the U. S. state of New Jersey. It is the largest single tract of land in the state park system of New Jersey, encompassing 122,880 acres of the Pinelands northeast of Hammonton, it is protected acreage is divided between Burlington and Atlantic counties. The entire forest is located within Atlantic coastal pine barrens ecoregion as well as the New Jersey Pinelands National Reserve; the forest is located in the forested watershed of the Mullica River, which drains the central Pinelands region into the Great Bay. The forest is under the jurisdiction of the New Jersey Division of Forestry; the forest is the location of the historic Batsto Village, a former bog iron and glass manufacturing site from 1766 to 1867. The forest includes extensive hiking trails, including a section of the Batona Trail, which connects the forest to nearby Brendan T. Byrne State Forest and Bass River State Forest, it includes over 500 miles of unpaved roads. The rivers, including the Mullica, are popular destinations for recreational canoeing.
The forest is named for Joseph Wharton, who purchased most of the land that now lies within the forest in the 19th Century. Wharton wanted to tap the ground water under the Pine Barrens to provide a source of clean drinking water for Philadelphia; the state bought the vast tract from Wharton's heirs in the 1950s. In the 1800s, various bog iron and paper industries developed in the New Jersey Pine Barrens. In 1873, Philadelphia industrialist Joseph Wharton began purchasing property and abandoned towns in the Pine Barrens acquiring about 100,000 acres. Wharton planned to build dams to redirect fresh water to Philadelphia, but the plan was blocked by the New Jersey legislature in 1884, with a law that blocked transporting waters outside of the state. After Joseph Wharton died in 1909, his family estate tried selling his property to New Jersey for $1 million, defeated by a referendum in 1915. For the next few decades, the Wharton estate was managed by a trust company. In the 1950s and 1960s, the federal government sought to build a 32,500 acres jetport in the Pine Barrens.
To preserve the land of the Wharton estate, the New Jersey government purchased the lands containing large portions of the Mullica River in 1954, designated Wharton State Forest on December 30, 1954. New Jersey purchased additional land in 1956, totaling 96,000 acres in its entirety, for a sum of $3 million. To prevent additional development, local residents and farmers worked to preserve the Pine Barrens leading to the formation of the Pinelands National Reserve in 1978. Within the state forest, once a residence and cranberry packing facility, Atsion mansion has been vacant since 1882. In 1960, the building lost more of its glory when its west porch was torn down. Under the guidelines of the State of New Jersey, area contractors Wu & Associates undertook the restoration of the site; the existing exterior stucco was replaced with new material. The reconstruction of a western porch provided an accurate historic interpretation of the building to represent the way it was originally. With sparse use of modern mechanics, the restored mansion has the electrical capacity to illuminate the building and support smoke detectors to make the facility safe for visitors.
A monument marks the location where Mexican aviation pioneer Emilio Carranza crashed on July 12, 1928 while attempting to fly his Ryan Brougham airplane, the Mexico Excelsior, non-stop from New York to Mexico City, final leg of a historic goodwill flight to the United States. The monument, installed with funds donated by Mexican schoolchildren, depicts a falling eagle of Aztec design; every July on the Saturday nearest the anniversary of his crash at 1:00 p.m. he is honored at the monument site by local residents and representatives from the Mexican consulates in New York City and Philadelphia. The forest has ten campgrounds, ranging from family camping at Atsion Recreation Area, with showers and a guarded beach, to wilderness camping that can be reached only by hiking or canoe/kayak. Apple Pie Hill is a popular hiking destination along the Batona Trail in the forest; the hill, topped with a 60 feet New Jersey Forest Fire Service fire tower, provides impressive panoramic views across the Pinelands region.
List of New Jersey state parks NY-NJTC: Wharton State Forest Trail Details and Info HJGA Architectural Firm's page on scope of work on Atsion mansion Wharton State Forest as related to the Jersey Devil
Wharton is a civil parish near Kirkby Stephen in the Eden District of Cumbria, part of Westmorland. It has a population of 31; as the population taken at the 2011 Census remained less than 100 details are included in the parish of Mallerstang. It has a Grade 1 listed house called Wharton Hall and a castle called Lammerside Castle. Listed buildings in Wharton, Cumbria http://www.geog.port.ac.uk/webmap/thelakes/html/lgaz/lk12422.htm http://www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk/england/cumbria/wharton