Botched (TV series)
Botched is an American reality television series that premiered on E! on June 24, 2014. It follows doctors Terry Dubrow and Paul Nassif as they "remedy extreme plastic surgeries gone wrong." Its Sunday night debut on June 29, 2014, was watched by 1.2 million viewers. Botched's first season, consisting of eight episodes, ended on August 17, 2014. A two-part reunion special hosted by Maria Menounos aired on October 26 and 27, featured interviews with Dubrow and patients from the series. On August 5, 2014, Botched was renewed for a second season, which premiered on April 14, 2015. On June 7, it moved from its Tuesday, 9 pm timeslot to 9 pm; the mid-season finale aired on July 12. The series was renewed for a third season on July 1. Three specials, titled Botched: Post Op, aired after the 27 episodes; the specials were co-hosted by Nassif and Dubrow's wife, actress Heather Dubrow. Season 3 premiered on May 2016, starring both Dubrow and Nassif, it ended on August 2, 2016. In October 2015, the eight-episode spin-off series of Botched was announced entitled Botched by Nature.
It premiered on August 9, 2016. The first half of season 4 premiered on June 24, 2017, ended on August 17; the second half premiered on May 9, 2018. Official website Botched on IMDb Botched at TV Guide
Melrose Place is an American primetime soap opera that aired on Fox from July 8, 1992 to May 24, 1999, for seven seasons. The show follows the lives of a group of young adults living in an apartment complex called Melrose Place, in West Hollywood, California; the show was created by Darren Star for Fox and executive produced by Aaron Spelling for his company, Spelling Television. It was the second series in the Beverly Hills, 90210 franchise. Season one and season two were broadcast on Wednesday at 9 p.m. after Beverly Hills, 90210. In 1994, for its third-season premiere, the show moved to Monday at 8 p.m. The show had many cast changes during the run. Thomas Calabro was the only original cast member; the show earned several Golden Globe nominations and placed #51 on Entertainment Weekly's "New TV Classics" list. The show is set in a small apartment courtyard complex located at 4616 Melrose Place in the city of West Hollywood, California. Several young individuals reside in each with their own dreams and drives.
The original format for the show was to have self-contained stories that conclude in every episode, but when that formula proved unpopular, the producers and writers started developing long-term storylines to evolve during the season. By the second season, the show had adopted a full-on soap opera format. Melrose Place's premiere season featured eight main characters: Dr. Michael Mancini, a physician who works at Wilshire Memorial Hospital and changes from a kind, devoted husband in Season 1 to a mean, adulterous villain from Season 2 on. Locane was written off after 13 episodes and replaced by Daphne Zuniga as Jo Reynolds, a photographer running away from her abusive husband. Williams was not brought back for the second season, her character having become engaged to a wealthy restaurant entrepreneur. Actress Heather Locklear, who in season one had guest starred as Alison's ambitious and merciless boss Amanda Woodward, was promoted to series regular status in the second season after her character bought and moved into the Melrose Place apartment building.
Although she was always billed as a "special guest star", Locklear remained with the show for the rest of its run. Guest Laura Leighton, recurring as Jane's trouble-making younger sister Sydney Andrews in the first two seasons, was upgraded to series regular for season three. Marcia Cross, recurring as Dr. Kimberly Shaw in season 1, became a series regular by the end of the second season. Janet Carroll appeared in several episodes as Kimberly's domineering mother. Beata Pozniak was featured in Season two in 7 episodes as Dr. Katya Petrova Fielding, a doctor with a daughter from a previous marriage who befriends and marries Matt, who becomes an endearing father figure for her child. Season four saw two new regular characters: Peter Burns, the ruthless hospital Chief of Staff introduced in season three. Davis's character was subsequently killed off in the middle of the fourth season, while Zuniga left the series at the end of the season. Patrick Muldoon arrived in the third season as the villainous Richard Hart.
Although Muldoon was not billed with the main cast, he appeared in most of the fourth season's episodes and is Melrose Place's longest recurring character in terms of number of episodes. The fifth season saw the addition of Rob Estes as restaurateur Kyle McBride, Lisa Rinna as his opportunistic wife Taylor, Brooke Langton as Samantha Reilly, an artist and a new tenant in the apartment complex. Bissett and Cross left the series towards the end of the fifth season; the season finale featured the exits of series regulars Thorne-Smith and Leighton. The season premiere of season six featured the departure of original cast member Doug Savant while Alyssa Milano was bumped to series regular, with Linden Ashby joining the cast as Dr. Brett Cooper and Jamie Luner as his seductive and rich ex-wife, Lexi Sterling. Charvet was written out in the middle of season 6, the beginning of season seven saw the departure of Shue, Langton and Ashby; the show's seventh season introduced John Haymes Newton as Ryan McBride, Kyle's younger brother, Rena Sofer as Eve Cleary, a woman from Amanda's past who marries Peter.
Sofer was not billed with the main cast. Bissett reprised her role as Jane for the seventh season. Category: List of Melrose Place charactersThis table includes only main cast characters, those who are listed in the intro title sequence. Filming for the series took place at a studio in Santa Clarita, California. Melrose Place debuted on July 8, 1992 at #19 on the Nielsen ratings with a 10.3/19 share and 16 million v
Chalk is a soft, porous, sedimentary carbonate rock, a form of limestone composed of the mineral calcite. Calcite is an ionic salt called calcium carbonate or CaCO3, it forms under reasonably deep marine conditions from the gradual accumulation of minute calcite shells shed from micro-organisms called coccolithophores. Flint is common as bands parallel to the bedding or as nodules embedded in chalk, it is derived from sponge spicules or other siliceous organisms as water is expelled upwards during compaction. Flint is deposited around larger fossils such as Echinoidea which may be silicified. Chalk as seen in Cretaceous deposits of Western Europe is unusual among sedimentary limestones in the thickness of the beds. Most cliffs of chalk have few obvious bedding planes unlike most thick sequences of limestone such as the Carboniferous Limestone or the Jurassic oolitic limestones; this indicates stable conditions over tens of millions of years. Chalk has greater resistance to weathering and slumping than the clays with which it is associated, thus forming tall, steep cliffs where chalk ridges meet the sea.
Chalk hills, known as chalk downland form where bands of chalk reach the surface at an angle, so forming a scarp slope. Because chalk is well jointed it can hold a large volume of ground water, providing a natural reservoir that releases water through dry seasons. Chalk is mined from chalk deposits both above underground. Chalk mining boomed during the Industrial Revolution, due to the need for chalk products such as quicklime and bricks; some abandoned chalk mines remain tourist destinations due to their massive expanse and natural beauty. The Chalk Group is a European stratigraphic unit, it forms the famous White Cliffs of Dover in Kent, England, as well as their counterparts of the Cap Blanc Nez on the other side of the Dover Strait. The Champagne region of France is underlain by chalk deposits, which contain artificial caves used for wine storage; some of the highest chalk cliffs in the world occur at Jasmund National Park in Germany and at Møns Klint in Denmark – both once formed a single island.
Ninety million years ago what is now the chalk downland of Northern Europe was ooze accumulating at the bottom of a great sea. Chalk was one of the earliest rocks made up of microscopic particles to be studied under the microscope, when it was found to be composed entirely of coccoliths, their shells were made of calcite extracted from the rich seawater. As they died, a substantial layer built up over millions of years and, through the weight of overlying sediments became consolidated into rock. Earth movements related to the formation of the Alps raised these former sea-floor deposits above sea level; the chemical composition of chalk is calcium carbonate, with minor amounts of clay. It is formed in the sea by sub-microscopic plankton, which fall to the sea floor and are consolidated and compressed during diagenesis into chalk rock. Most people first encounter the word "chalk" in school where it refers to blackboard chalk, made of mineral chalk, since it crumbles and leaves particles that stick loosely to rough surfaces, allowing it to make writing that can be erased.
Blackboard chalk manufacture now may use mineral chalk, other mineral sources of calcium carbonate, or the mineral gypsum. While gypsum-based blackboard chalk is the lowest cost to produce, thus used in the developing world, calcium-based chalk can be made where the crumbling particles are larger and thus produce less dust, is marketed as "dustless chalk". Colored chalks, pastel chalks, sidewalk chalk, used to draw on sidewalks and driveways, are made of gypsum. Chalk is a source of quicklime by thermal decomposition, or slaked lime following quenching of quicklime with water. In southeast England, deneholes are a notable example of ancient chalk pits; such bell pits may mark the sites of ancient flint mines, where the prime object was to remove flint nodules for stone tool manufacture. The surface remains at Cissbury are one such example, but the most famous is the extensive complex at Grimes Graves in Norfolk. Woodworking joints may be fitted by chalking one of the mating surfaces. A trial fit will leave a chalk mark on the high spots of the corresponding surface.
Chalk transferring to cover the complete surface indicates a good fit. Builder's putty mainly contains chalk as a filler in linseed oil. Chalk may be used for its properties as a base. In agriculture, chalk is used for raising pH in soils with high acidity; the most common forms are CaCO3 and CaO. Small doses of chalk can be used as an antacid. Additionally, the small particles of chalk make it a substance ideal for polishing. For example, toothpaste contains small amounts of chalk, which serves as a mild abrasive. Polishing chalk is chalk prepared with a controlled grain size, for fine polishing of metals. Chalk can be used as fingerprint powder. Several traditional uses of chalk have been replaced by other substances, although the word "chalk" is still applied to the usual replacements. Tailor's chalk is traditionally a hard chalk used to make temporary markings on cloth by tailors, it is now made of talc. Chalk was traditionally used in recreation. In field sports, such as tennis played on grass, powdered chalk was used to mark the boundary lines of the playing field or court.
If a ball hits the line, a cloud of chalk or p
Howard Stern television shows
Howard Stern is an American radio personality, best known for his radio show The Howard Stern Show. Stern describes himself as the "King of All Media" for his successes in the radio, film and publishing industries. On April 16, 1987, a meeting was held between Stern and management of WNYW, the flagship television station of Fox Broadcasting Company; the network was considering Stern as a replacement to The Late Show hosted by Joan Rivers in its 11:00 PM hour. Five one-hour pilots titled The Howard Stern Show were recorded at a cost of about $400,000, they featured rock guitarist Leslie West of Mountain fame as bandleader and Steve Rossi as announcer and singer. By early June, air dates were yet to be scheduled. With no formal announcement, the network cancelled the series in July. Paul Noble, the former executive producer for WNYW, was never told of Fox's decision. "By today's standards, they were tame." He said, "They were not the kind of thing that a local New York television station was prepared to get involved with at that time.
It was more like off-the-wall radio." The Howard Stern Interview is a late-night talk show featuring Stern hosting a half-hour, one-on-one interview program with a celebrity guest. Shown on the E! Channel from 1992–1993, Stern signed a contract for a reported $1.1 million for a total of 36 episodes. It became the highest-rated show on the E! network, demonstrating Stern's ability to carry a show by himself, without the rest of his radio show staff. The interviews were known for being intimate and personal, with questions that celebrities were not asked; the show, first airing on November 27, 1992, was produced by Mark Keizer. E! Re-aired Stern's interview with Phil Hartman and his wife Brynn Hartman after she murdered her husband and committed suicide; the Howard Stern Radio Show is an American late-night television series that ran on Saturday nights in syndication from August 22, 1998 to May 19, 2001. Although the show was syndicated it was sold to CBS affiliates, with only a handful of other stations airing it- it was in fact syndicated by CBS' in-house distribution firm of the time, Eyemark Entertainment, Group W Productions prior to the CBS-Westinghouse merger of 1995.
Most of CBS' stations, including those in rural areas, did not pick the show up. It ran for a total of three seasons including 84 episodes; the show featured taped highlights of The Howard Stern Show, in a similar format seen in Howard Stern, the half-hour show, broadcast on E! from 1994 to 2005. The Howard Stern Radio Show included new segments such as animations of song parodies and exclusive behind the scenes footage; the show was intended to compete with Saturday Night Live on NBC. Though the show got higher ratings than SNL in New York City, it was in second place, or sometimes third place to MADtv, nationwide, it lost two-thirds of its original affiliates over the course of the three-plus years the show was on air. E! announced on May 31, 1994 that Stern confirmed a deal with the E! Network E! to bring his radio show, broadcast from WXRK at the time, to television. Six robotic cameras were installed in the small studio at 600 Madison Avenue to film the five-hour radio show. "The best part of all this is that my genius will be seen in so many more homes now", Stern said.
"It's a dream come true." Two sneak preview shows were aired on June 18, with the first official episode being broadcast on June 20. The television shows broadcast on January 21, 1999 and February 5, 2004 at 11:00 PM marked the 1,000th and 2,000th episodes respectively. On October 6, 2004, Stern announced that he had signed a five-year contract with Sirius XM Radio, a subscription-based satellite radio service, that began from January 2006; the move allowed Stern to broadcast without the content restrictions imposed by the Federal Communications Commission that he faced while broadcasting on terrestrial radio. As a result, the E! show came to an end as Stern announced on August 3, 2005 that he made a deal with iN DEMAND Networks, a Video on Demand digital cable service, to create Howard Stern on Demand. The new, uncensored channel allowed the filming of the radio show at Sirius XM in high-definition; the radio show broadcast on July 1, 2005 was the last to be filmed for a "new episode" for airing the following week on July 8.
The hour-long special featured members of the E! show staff saying their farewells and telling their favorite show moments. The show was a consistent performer in the network's ratings. In January 2006, Howard TV is launched as an on-demand pay television service, to coincide with the beginning of his 5-year contract with Sirius XM Radio, his new 5-year contract in 2011, it covers the daily happenings of Stern's radio show, as well as providing original programming and footage from the E! show. Howard TV was owned and operated by In Demand through a joint ownership with Comcast, Cox Communications, Time Warner Cable, Bright House Networks. Howard TV was not available on Verizon FIOS or other cable companies, since In Demand did not offer the exclusive content of Howard TV to their competition. Unlike normal cable networks owned by corporations that are under FCC rules about equal carrying of channels, on-demand content is under no such restrictions. On September 16, 2013, Stern and In Demand announced that the Howard TV contract would not be renewed, the service would end in December.
Following the cancelation of Howard TV in 2013, speculation of idea beg
1080i is an abbreviation referring to a combination of frame resolution and scan type, used in high-definition television and high-definition video. The number "1080" refers to the number of horizontal lines on the screen; the "i" is an abbreviation for "interlaced". A related display resolution is 1080p, which has 1080 lines of resolution; the term assumes a widescreen aspect ratio of 16:9, so the 1080 lines of vertical resolution implies 1920 columns of horizontal resolution, or 1920 pixels × 1080 lines. A 1920 pixels × 1080 lines screen has a total of 2.1 megapixels and a temporal resolution of 50 or 60 interlaced fields per second. This format is used in the SMPTE 292M standard; the choice of 1080 lines originates with Charles Poynton, who in the early 1990s pushed for "square pixels" to be used in HD video formats. Within the designation "1080i", the i stands for interlaced scan. A frame of 1080i video consists of two sequential fields of 540 vertical pixels; the first field consists of all odd-numbered TV lines and the second all numbered lines.
The horizontal lines of pixels in each field are captured and displayed with a one-line vertical gap between them, so the lines of the next field can be interlaced between them, resulting in 1080 total lines. 1080i differs from 1080p, where the p stands for progressive scan, where all lines in a frame are captured at the same time. In native or pure 1080i, the two fields of a frame correspond to different instants, so motion portrayal is good; this is true for interlaced video in general and can be observed in still images taken of fast motion scenes. However, when 1080p material is captured at 25 or 30 frames/second, it is converted to 1080i at 50 or 60 fields/second for processing or broadcasting. In this situation both fields in a frame do correspond to the same instant; the field-to-instant relation is somewhat more complex for the case of 1080p at 24 frames/second converted to 1080i at 60 fields/second. The field rate of 1080i is 60 Hz for countries that use or used System M as analog television system with 60 fields/sec, or 50 Hz for regions that use or used 625-lines television system with 50 fields/sec.
Both field rates can be carried by major digital television broadcast formats such as ATSC, DVB, ISDB-T International. The frame rate can be implied by the context, while the field rate is specified after the letter i, such as "1080i60". In this case 1080i60 refers to 60 fields per second; the European Broadcasting Union prefers to use the resolution and frame rate separated by a slash, as in 1080i/30 and 1080i/25 480i/30 and 576i/25. Resolutions of 1080i60 or 1080i50 refers to 1080i/30 or 1080i/25 in EBU notation. 1080i is directly compatible with some CRT HDTVs on which it can be displayed natively in interlaced form, but for display on progressive-scan—e.g. Most new LCD and plasma TVs, it must be deinterlaced. Depending on the television's video processing capabilities, the resulting video quality may vary, but may not suffer. For example, film material at 25fps may be deinterlaced from 1080i50 to restore a full 1080p resolution at the original frame rate without any loss. Preferably video material with 50 or 60 motion phases/second is to be converted to 50p or 60p before display.
Worldwide, most HD channels on satellite and cable broadcast in 1080i. In the United States, 1080i is the preferred format for most broadcasters, with Inc.. Viacom, AT&T, Comcast owned networks broadcasting in the format. Only Fox-owned television networks and Disney-owned television networks, along with MLB Network and a few other cable networks use 720p as the preferred format for their networks. Many ABC affiliates owned by Hearst Television and former Belo Corporation stations owned by TEGNA, along with some individual affiliates of those three networks, air their signals in 1080i and upscale network programming for master control and transmission purposes, as most syndicated programming and advertising is produced and distributed in 1080i, removing a downscaling step to 720p; this allows local newscasts on these ABC affiliates to be produced in the higher resolution to match the picture quality of their 1080i competitors. Some cameras and broadcast systems that use 1080 vertical lines per frame do not use the full 1920 pixels of a nominal 1080i picture for image capture and encoding.
Common subsampling ratios include 3/4 and 1/2. Where used, the lower horizontal resolution is scaled to capture and/or display a full-sized picture. Using half horizontal resolution and only one field of each frame results in the format known as qHD, which has fram
Cavallari is an American reality television series that premiered on July 8, 2018, on E!. The series follows Kristin Cavallari and her life in Nashville, with her husband Jay Cutler, as she launches the flagship store for her jewelry line, Uncommon James. Cavallari was announced in April 2018; the series is set in Tennessee. The series premiered on July 8, 2018. On August 23, 2018, it was announced. Kristin Cavallari Jay Cutler Shannon Ford John Gurney Kelly Henderson Brittainy Taylor Reagan Agee Taylor Monaco Colby Dee Coskery Wirth Campbell Jon Stone Very Cavallari on IMDb
Last Call with Carson Daly
Last Call with Carson Daly is an American late night television program hosted by Carson Daly on NBC. A traditional talk show, the half-hour program consists of several produced segments, featuring interviews with musicians, actors and other artists, along with pre-taped on-location musical performances, it debuted in 2002. Unlike other programs in NBC's late night line-up, Last Call records only 24 weeks of original shows a year with the rest of the year being taken up by reruns, it airs at 1:37 a.m. ET/PT each weeknight. On February 12, 2019, NBC announced the series would end after it reaches its 2,000th filmed episode, with Daly citing his workload with Today, The Voice, a new project with Golf Channel in wanting to depart the series. Last Call premiered in 2002 as the successor to Later. Last Call aired Monday through Thursday until the cancellation of Late Friday in late May 2002, its premiere was delayed one day at the last minute due to a contract dispute. Last Call was taped in Studio 8H of the GE Building in New York City, the home studio of Saturday Night Live.
However, this required the producers to work around the schedule of Saturday Night Live. During this phase, Last Call had no house band and no jokes or monologue, going straight to the first guest at the beginning of the show; the stage was set up in an empty black box theater style, save for two low-slung chairs and a small table. Each week, a different unsigned band was brought in to do the music, in addition to any musical act at the end; the set acquired more furnishings and decor, much of, influenced by the occasional week-long trips to Las Vegas. In 2003 and 2004, Last Call was nominated for a Teen Choice Award for "Choice TV Show – Late Night". Last Call was planned to broadcast in high-definition when Studio 8H was retrofitted for Saturday Night Live. After the move, Last Call began to resemble its counterparts, with a more traditional set, permanent house band led by Joe Firstman, short monologue and occasional comedy bits. In November 2005 Joe Firstman became the official house band leader for Last Call.
Notable members of his band include Kamasi Washington, Kenny Aronoff, Mike Miley, Brian Wright, Zane Musa, Zane Carney, Mark Bryan, Marc Ford, Ryan Porter. Firstman wrote the majority of the material. Production of new Last Call episodes was suspended for a month due to the Writers Guild of America strike, but on December 4, 2007, Last Call became the first late night talk show to resume production during the strike. On air, Daly explained that the only reason the show resumed production was that he was given the option to either return or have the show's 75 non-striking staff members fired; the shows did not include monologues. The Writers Guild of America was critical of Daly, accusing him of crossing picket lines and labeling him a scab. Daly is not a member of the WGA. On November 27, 2007, he was accused by the WGA of soliciting jokes for his show through a telephone hotline. On December 11, 2007, an organized group of WGA writers attended a taping of Last Call. First, one heckled during an interview with Jerry Rice.
After security removed the first writer, another spoke up disruptively, expressing sympathy with striking writers. A producer asked anyone planning to disrupt the show to face prosecution; as the end of Late Night with Conan O'Brien was approaching, Daly made it public that he was interested in moving to the Late Night time slot. Jimmy Fallon was chosen to replace O'Brien, a choice that executive producer Lorne Michaels had in mind dating back to the day that Fallon left Saturday Night Live in 2004. In February 2009, network executive Rick Ludwin told TV Week that the company was "going through the budgetary process with all of our shows. There are new budgetary realities... It's tough. We want to keep going as long as we can make the budget work." Soon after that interview, NBC announced plans for Last Call to go on a one-week "tour" of California, with taped segments of up-and-coming musical acts at various clubs, such as The Roxy, The Viper Room, Hotel Cafe. As the show's 1000th episode approached in April, NBC's summary of the show made it clear that the change in format would continue: "Currently in its eighth season, NBC's Last Call with Carson Daly utilizes a new style by introducing a documentary style format.
Host Carson Daly takes the show on location each night. Recent highlights include Daly’s motorcycle trip across the historic Route 66, a visit to comedian Tom Green's house in the Hollywood Hills, a scene at the Whiskey Bar with the Grammy Award-winning band Kings of Leon."With the change, the usual late-night talk show trappings of a house band, studio audience, comedy were abandoned. In May, NBC announced that Last Call had been renewed for a ninth season, which debuted on September 21, 2009. On January 8, 2010, it was reported by multiple media outlets that The Jay Leno Show was moving to 11:35 p.m. the Conan O'Brien-hosted Tonight Show to 12:05 a.m. and Late Night with Jimmy Fallon to 1:05, which would have resulted in Last Call losing its time slot. NBC confirmed the move, along with the possible end of Last Call. NBC had emphasized that its focus is retaining the lineup of Leno and Fallon. NBC chairman Jeff Gaspin told ABC News he expected Daly to stay