What Do You Mean?

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
"What Do You Mean?"
JustinBieberWhatDoYouMeanCover.png
Single by Justin Bieber
from the album Purpose
Released August 28, 2015 (2015-08-28)
Format
Recorded 2015
Genre
Length 3:26
Label Def Jam
Songwriter(s)
Producer(s)
  • MdL
  • Bieber
Justin Bieber singles chronology
"Where Are Ü Now"
(2015)
"What Do You Mean?"
(2015)
"Sorry"
(2015)
"Where Are Ü Now"
(2015)
"What Do You Mean?"
(2015)
"Sorry"
(2015)
Music video
"What Do You Mean?" on YouTube

"What Do You Mean?" is a song recorded by Canadian singer Justin Bieber for his fourth studio album Purpose (2015). The song was released on August 28, 2015, as the album's lead single by Def Jam. Written by Bieber, Jason "Poo Bear" Boyd and Mason Levy, the song was produced by MdL and co-produced by Bieber. "What Do You Mean?" is a pop and tropical house song, with its instrumentation consisting in light flourishes of panpipes, looped vocal samples, piano chords, fervent synths, bass and "slick beat" elements with the sound of a clock ticking, while Bieber uses a smooth, soulful vocal. Lyrically, "What Do You Mean?" talks about not being able to figure out the opposite sex with Bieber asking a girl why her body language is conflicting with her words.

It was featured in several year-end lists of best songs of 2015. Commercially, the song topped the charts in several countries, including Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, and Norway; in Australia, the United States and the United Kingdom, "What Do You Mean?" was Bieber's first number-one single. The song's music video features Bieber in bed with a young woman and getting kidnapped by masked men, as well as an appearance from actor John Leguizamo.

Background[edit]

After releasing "Where Are Ü Now" with Skrillex and Diplo for their project Jack Ü and achieving worldwide success and acclaim with it, Bieber announced "What Do You Mean?" as the first single from his then-upcoming album on July 28, 2015 on On Air With Ryan Seacrest.[1] While he was there, his manager, Scooter Braun, made Seacrest a promotional sign for the single to hold and suggested he should put the photo on his Instagram account. To further promote the song's release, Braun contacted several celebrities who started counting down the days until the release,[2] among them Mariah Carey, Ed Sheeran, Ariana Grande, Big Sean, Alanis Morissette, Meghan Trainor, Britney Spears, Hilary Duff, Little Mix, Chris Martin, Carly Rae Jepsen, and many others.[3] During an interview with Ryan Seacrest, he described it as "fun", "summery", and "amazing." Regarding its lyrics he commented: "Well, girls are often just flip-floppy. They say something and they mean something else. So … what do you mean? I don’t really know, that’s why I’m asking." Later, on August 19, 2015, Bieber direct-messaged different lyrics from the song to 49 randomly selected Twitter followers.[1] As explained by Billboard's Jason Lipshutz, "Each message included a clock animation with a different time that corresponded to the lyric’s placement in the song, and Beliebers spent Wednesday collectively piecing together the upcoming single’s lyrics in order."[2] On August 5, 2015, Bieber presented the song to radio professionals at an iHeartMedia event.[4]

Release[edit]

The song was released on August 28, 2015,[5] and was serviced to contemporary hit radio on September 1, 2015,[6] on October 16, 2015, it was revealed that a remix of the song featuring Ariana Grande would be made available if fans pre-ordered the album on iTunes.[7]

Composition[edit]

"What Do You Mean?" was written by Justin Bieber, Jason "Poo Bear" Boyd and Mason Levy.[8] It was produced by MdL and co-produced by Bieber, it was initially speculated by the media that Skrillex produced "What Do You Mean?". However, a spokesperson for Bieber confirmed in an interview for Rolling Stone that the song was produced by Bieber, and MdL who had previously collaborated with the singer on his single "Boyfriend" (2012).[9] Written in the key of A major, it has an upbeat tempo of 125 beats per minute. Bieber's vocal range spans from the low-note of F3 to the high note of G5,[10] it is a pop[11] and tropical house song.[12][13][14]

During the song, Bieber uses a breathy vocal, which was considered "smooth and soulful."[8] The production contains flute instrumentation, looped vocal samples, piano chords, tropical synths,[9] bass and "slick beat" elements with the sound of a clock ticking.[4] Gil Kaufman of MTV News wrote that the track contains "a slippery flute-like trill over a spare tick-tock island groove and a super chill vibe", and is "a kind of sequel" to Skrillex and Diplo's "Where Are Ü Now", which featured Bieber.[15]

Lyrically, "What Do You Mean?" talks about looking for romantic clarity and not being able to figure out the opposite sex,[9][16] with Bieber singing in the chorus: "What do you mean / When you nod your head yes, but you wanna say no? / What do you mean / When you don't want me to move, but you tell me to go?."[9]

Critical reception[edit]

USA Today's Carly Mallenbaum, who heard the song in early August, described it as a "catchy dance track for the club".[4] Similarly, a writer for The Daily Beast said, "['What Do You Mean?' is] pretty damn catchy; a slow-burner that, like that collab, swells into a Bieber banger".[17] Gil Kaufman of MTV News also called it a "banger", explaining, "the track is classic JB: seductive, earnest, pleading and just the right amount of sexy".[15] Idolator's Mike Wass praised the song's "instantly memorable chorus", and added, "Vocally, [Bieber] has never sounded better".[18] Digital Spy's Amy Davidson named it "the perfect pop track as well as a skewed love song for millennials."[16] Andrew Unterberger of Spin opined the song was "really quite delightful".[19] Sean Fitz-Gerald of New York magazine was also positive, noting that it "sounds like what would happen if you took Steve Aoki's alarm clock to a tropical beach resort. (In other words, electro-catchy as hell.)"[20] Jason Lipshutz of Billboard gave the song a four-out-of-five-stars rating and commented that it was "positioned as [Bieber's] huge comeback bid", adding: "[The song] synthesizes the positive components of 'Where Are U Now' and presents something warmer and friendlier, but no less nuanced or impressive".[21] NME's reviewer named it "the perfect pop confection: light as air and catchy as hell, allowing us to glimpse the vulnerability behind the megastar façade as Biebs grappled endearingly with the mysteries of womankind."[22]

Andy Kellman of AllMusic selected the song as one of the album's highlights, citing the song and "Sorry" as tracks that "showed him making a deeper connection with his material and that, yes, he was progressing from performer to artist."[13] In a similar mode, Leah Greenblatt of Entertainment Weekly cited both songs and "Where Are Ü Now" for being "stripped down for maximum aerodynamics, the vocals mentholated and sweetened with a brushstroke of bass here, a snake-charmer synth line there."[23] Brad Nelson of Pitchfork praised the song and "Sorry" for being "vivid tropical house tracks that sound like sunlight drifting down through palm fronds. Bieber's voice often resembles a breath contorted inexpressively through notes; here, he lets it weightlessly fall through textures. They are his best performances to date, allowing him to flex a rhythmic playfulness without communicating an iota of legible emotion."[12] Sheldon Pearce of Complex called it "the album’s spiritual centerpiece,"[24] while Janine Schaults of Consequence of Sound selected it as one of the album's essential tracks.[25] Josh Duboff of Vanity Fair considered it "breezy and low-key, like “Where Are Ü Now?” with 35 percent less propulsion." He also found it to be "vaguely reminiscent of OMI’s omnipresent 'Cheerleader'," and that "Bieber sounds more relaxed and confident than perhaps ever before on the track."[26] Nick Messitte of Forbes agreed with the "Cheerleader" comparison, noting that it has "the intersection of the mellow and the danceable, the four-on-the-floor with the smooth."[27]

Consequence of Sound wrote in a positive review "Skrillex serves as producer of this slow burner, providing loops of tropical-flavored house beats to complement Bieber’s delicate croons."[28]

Year-end lists[edit]

Critic/publication List Rank Ref.
Entertainment Weekly The 40 Best Songs of 2015 2 [29]
MTV Best Songs of 2015 9 [30]
NME NME's Tracks of the Year 2015 3 [22]
Spin The 101 Best Songs of 2015 1 [31]
Time Out The 100 Best Songs of 2015 41 [32]
Village Voice Pazz & Jop 29 [33]

Commercial performance[edit]

North America[edit]

With "What Do You Mean?", Bieber surpassed Baauer to become the youngest male artist to debut at No. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100.[34]

In the United States, "What Do You Mean?" debuted at number 28 on the Mainstream Top 40 chart dated September 12, after three days of release, with a radio audience of 20 million.[35] On the chart dated October 24, after earning "Greatest Gainer" honors for two consecutive weeks, it rose from 3 to 1 on the Mainstream Top 40 chart, becoming Bieber's first number-one song on the Pop Songs chart,[36] the song debuted at number one on the Billboard Hot 100 issued for September 17, 2015, replacing The Weeknd's "Can't Feel My Face" at the top of the chart for one week.[34][37] It marked Bieber's first number-one single and seventh top 10 hit in the United States, and was also the 23rd song to begin at number one in the Hot 100's 57-year history.[34] Additionally, the single's debut made Bieber the youngest male artist to enter atop of the chart, and the youngest artist since Fantasia's "I Believe" (2004),[34] the track also debuted at number one the Billboard Hot Digital Songs chart, selling 337,000 copies in the week ending September 3, 2015—marking Bieber's second number one single on the chart, following "Boyfriend" which sold 521,000 in its debut week.[34] In its second week, "What Do You Mean?" stayed at the top of the Hot Digital Songs chart with sales of 159,000 copies, however, it descended to number three on the Hot 100, with a decrease of 30% in overall activity,[38] but rebounded to the runner-up spot the following week and stayed as the best-selling song with 128,000 downloads.[39]

On the chart dated December 5, 2015, after the release of Purpose, the song ascended from 6 to 5 on the Hot 100, that week, Bieber's "Sorry" and "Love Yourself" (a track from Purpose, which debuted on the chart, after selling 140,000 downloads) were at number two and four, respectively, which made the singer be only the third artist to have three singles inside the chart's top five (the others being The Beatles in 1964 and 50 Cent in 2005). Additionally, the same week, Bieber had 17 songs on the Hot 100 simultaneously, breaking the record previously held by The Beatles and Drake,[40] on the chart dated 6 February 2016, the song spent a 21st consecutive week inside the Hot 100's top ten, tying with Nicki Minaj's "Starships" and Maroon 5's "Sugar" for the most weeks a song has logged in the Hot 100's top 10 from its debut.[41] The record was surpassed later by Bieber's "Love Yourself", which spent 23 consecutive weeks in the top ten since its debut,[42] as of February 2016, "What Do You Mean?" has sold over 1,600,000 copies in the United States.[43]

In Bieber's native Canada, "What Do You Mean?" debuted at number one on the Canadian Hot 100,[44] with sales of 48,000 copies, becoming the biggest first-week sales total of 2015 at the time and the highest since Eminem released "The Monster" (2013). It also broke the streaming record in Canada, with 3.1 million streams in its first week.[45] Both records were later surpassed by Adele's "Hello", which sold 140,000 copies and was streamed 4.79 million times in its first week.[46] "What Do You Mean?" marked Bieber's second number-one single in the country, following 2012's "Boyfriend".[47] After six consecutive weeks at number one in Canada, it was briefly knocked off the top spot by another Canadian singer, The Weeknd, with his single "The Hills", but returned for a seventh week at number one, being replaced by Adele's "Hello" the following week.[48][49][50]

Europe and Oceania[edit]

In the United Kingdom, "What Do You Mean?" debuted at the top of the UK Singles Chart for the week ending September 10, 2015, with a combined sales total of 84,000 units. It surpassed his previous best sales week of 55,000, which "Boyfriend" had sold in April 2012, and marked Bieber's first chart-topping song in Britain, the track broke the highest first-week streams record in the country with 3.2 million streams, surpassing the stream tally of 2.03 million set by One Direction's "Drag Me Down".[51] In its second week, the song descended to number two, however, it broke the country's all-time streaming record, with 3.87 million streams in seven days, later surpassed by Adele's "Hello" (which streamed 7.32 million times in November 2015, almost doubling the record).[52][53] After three weeks since its release, the song remained as the most streamed track in the country and returned to the number one spot for another two weeks,[54][55] on October 2, the song was knocked off the top spot by Sam Smith's "Writing's on the Wall", but a week later, it returned to the number one spot for another two weeks. This means that it has spent five non-consecutive weeks at number one in the UK Singles Chart.[56] Bieber became only the fourth person to have the same single reach number one on the UK Singles Chart on three separate occasions, the other songs to top the chart three separate times are Frankie Laine's "I Believe", Guy Mitchell's "Singing the Blues" and Pharrell Williams' "Happy".[57][58] 'What Do You Mean?' was the ninth best-selling single of 2015 in the UK with combined sales of 988,000 copies.[59]

In Australia, "What Do You Mean" debuted atop the ARIA Singles Chart on September 5, becoming Bieber's first number-one single on the chart,[60] the song spent four consecutive weeks on top of the chart, becoming the second-longest running chart-topping track for 2015 and gaining a platinum certification from the Australian Recording Industry Association.[61][62] On October 3, Bieber was knocked off the top by Macklemore & Ryan Lewis's "Downtown".[63] "What Do You Mean" also debuted at the top of the charts in both New Zealand and Ireland, becoming his first number-one single in both countries. It spent seven consecutive weeks at number one in Ireland, and eight consecutive weeks at number one in New Zealand.[64][65]

Music video[edit]

A lyric video for "What Do You Mean?", directed by Laban and featuring skateboarders Ryan Sheckler and Chelsea Castro, was released on August 28, 2015.[15] The music video, directed by Brad Furman and starring John Leguizamo and Xenia Deli, premiered on August 30, 2015 following the 2015 MTV Video Music Awards.[66] As of October 2017, the video has amassed over 1.8 billion views on YouTube, making it the 23rd most viewed video on the site.[67]

Synopsis[edit]

The video starts off with a man (played by Leguizamo) waiting at a stop sign in front of a motel in the rain. A dark hooded figure (revealed to be Bieber) walks to the man, it is realized that Bieber is in debt to him, and then gives him money and is promised to do one job: protect a girl, who is his love interest, as Bieber then walks away. As the song begins, it cuts to a neon-lighted hotel room, where the girl that was mentioned earlier is. Bieber knocks on the door, is let in, and they end up making love, as Bieber sings the second verse of the song, a group of masked men burst in. They tie, then kidnap the two, it then cuts to the pair tied up in an abandoned warehouse. They eventually use a lighter to burn the rope and escape. When the masked men discover they've escaped they chase after them, they open a door, only to find themselves peering at the road below. With the men nearing, Bieber jumps out, then the girl, they land safely on an inflatable mat. We then see Leguizamo, who reveals himself as the leader of the masked men, as he's greeted by Bieber. They're now in an underground skating party, as Bieber sings the rest of the song, the video ends with Bieber standing alone in the dark, in the skatepark.[68]

Purpose: The Movement version[edit]

A second music video was released on November 14, 2015, part of a series of short films commemorating the release of the album, entitled "Purpose: The Movement",[69] the short music video, like the video for "Sorry", features the dancers from ReQuest Dance Crew and The Royal Family dance crew, and was also directed and choreographed by Parris Goebel.[70]

Live performances[edit]

Bieber performed "What Do You Mean?" live for the first time at the 2015 MTV Video Music Awards on August 30, 2015.[71] He performed the track on The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon, accompanied by The Roots and featuring a guest verse from Black Thought.[72] Bieber also performed "What Do You Mean?" on The Today Show along with 5 other songs from his album Purpose: "Sorry", "Love Yourself", "The Feeling", "No Pressure" and "Company" (which was performed for the first time).[73] The song was performed on the telecast Think It Up! which was broadcast on September 11.[74][75] On September 29, Bieber performed the song on season 7 of X Factor Australia.[76] "What Do You Mean?" was performed at the 2015 MTV Europe Music Awards on October 25.[77] Moreover, the song was also included on the set list for the Purpose World Tour.[78]

Track listing[edit]

Digital download[79]
No. Title Length
1. "What Do You Mean?" 3:26

Charts[edit]

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Certified units/Sales
Australia (ARIA)[149] 5× Platinum 350,000^
Belgium (BEA)[150] 2× Platinum 60,000*
Canada (Music Canada)[151] 6× Platinum 480,000^
Denmark (IFPI Denmark)[152] 3× Platinum 180,000^
France (SNEP)[153] Platinum 135,000*
Germany (BVMI)[154] Platinum 400,000^
Italy (FIMI)[155] 6× Platinum 300,000double-dagger
Japan (RIAJ)[156] Platinum 250,000^
Mexico (AMPROFON)[157] 4× Platinum+Gold 270,000*
New Zealand (RMNZ)[158] 4× Platinum 60,000*
Norway (IFPI Norway)[159] 2× Platinum 20,000*
Poland (ZPAV)[160] Diamond 100,000*
Spain (PROMUSICAE)[161] 3× Platinum 120,000^
Sweden (GLF)[162] 7× Platinum 280,000^
United Kingdom (BPI)[163] 3× Platinum 1,800,000[164]
United States (RIAA)[165] 6× Platinum 6,000,000double-dagger

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone
double-daggersales+streaming figures based on certification alone

Release history[edit]

Country Date Format Label Ref.
Various August 28, 2015 Digital download Def Jam [166]
United States September 1, 2015 Contemporary hit radio [6]
Italy September 4, 2015
[167]
Germany October 9, 2015 CD single
[168]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Perricone, Kathleen (July 28, 2015). "Justin Bieber Announces August 28 Single, 'What Do You Mean,' Talks 'Uplifting' New Album". Ryan Seacrest.com. Archived from the original on November 10, 2015. Retrieved August 28, 2015. 
  2. ^ a b Lipshutz, Jason (August 21, 2015). "Justin Bieber's 'What Do You Mean': Inside The Star-Studded Social Media Campaign". Billboard. Retrieved August 28, 2015. 
  3. ^ "The stars who've been promoting Justin Bieber's new track What Do You Mean". BBC News. August 28, 2015. Retrieved August 28, 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c Mallenbaum, Carly (August 5, 2015). "Exclusive: Justin Bieber presented unreleased 'What Do You Mean,' and now we want go to clubbing". USA Today. Retrieved August 28, 2015. 
  5. ^ Daw, Robbie (August 28, 2015). "Justin Bieber's "What Do You Mean?" Single Tops iTunes Chart Within Hours Of Release". Idolator. Retrieved April 27, 2016. 
  6. ^ a b "Top 40/M Future Releases". All Access Media Group. Archived from the original on August 24, 2015. Retrieved 16 October 2015. 
  7. ^ Strecker, Erin (October 16, 2015). "Justin Bieber 'Purpose' Preorder Features Ariana Grande Duet". Billboard. Retrieved October 16, 2015. 
  8. ^ a b Corner, Lewis (August 28, 2015). "Justin Bieber has returned with a very good brand new single called 'What Do You Mean?'". Digital Spy. Retrieved August 28, 2015. 
  9. ^ a b c d Reed, Ryan (August 28, 2015). "Hear Justin Bieber's Soul-Searching New Single, 'What Do You Mean?'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved August 28, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Justin Bieber "What Do You Mean" Sheet Music". MusicNotes.com. Alfred Publishing Co., Inc. Retrieved April 27, 2016. 
  11. ^ Brandle, Lars (August 28, 2015). "Justin Bieber's 'What Do You Mean' Lyric Video Has Leaked". Billboard. Retrieved August 28, 2015. 
  12. ^ a b Nelson, Brad (November 17, 2015). "Justin Bieber: Purpose | Album Reviews | Pitchfork". Pitchfork Media. Retrieved January 31, 2016. 
  13. ^ a b Kellman, Andy. "Purpose - Justin Bieber | Songs, Reviews, Credits | AllMusic". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved January 4, 2016. 
  14. ^ "Justin Bieber Drops Tropical House-Inspired Single "What Do You Mean?"". EDM.com. August 28, 2015. Retrieved April 27, 2016. 
  15. ^ a b c Kaufman, Gil (August 28, 2015). "Justin Bieber Finally Drops 'What Do You Mean?' — And It's A Banger". MTV News. Retrieved August 28, 2015. 
  16. ^ a b Davidson, Amy (November 12, 2015). "Justin Bieber Purpose review: Track-by-track with his best album yet". Digital Spy. Retrieved April 29, 2016. 
  17. ^ "Justin Bieber's 'What Do You Mean': Watch the Leaked Music Video". The Daily Beast. August 28, 2015. Retrieved August 28, 2015. 
  18. ^ Wass, Mike (August 27, 2015). "Justin Bieber's "What Do You Mean?" Arrives Early Via Lyric Video: Watch/Listen". Idolator. Retrieved August 28, 2015. 
  19. ^ Unterberger, Andrew (August 28, 2015). "The Biebs Is Back: Hear the Skrillex-Produced Comeback Single 'What Do You Mean?'". Spin. Retrieved August 28, 2015. 
  20. ^ Fitz-Gerald, Sean (August 28, 2015). "Here's Justin Bieber's Very Skateboard-y, Tropical-Sounding 'What Do You Mean'". New York. Retrieved August 28, 2015. 
  21. ^ Lipshutz, Jason (August 28, 2015). "Justin Bieber Finds The Answer on 'What Do You Mean?': Track Review". Billboard. Retrieved August 28, 2015. 
  22. ^ a b "NME's Tracks of the Year 2015". NME. December 3, 2015. Retrieved April 19, 2016. 
  23. ^ Greenblatt, Leah (November 11, 2015). "From Boys to Men: EW reviews Justin Bieber and One Direction's new albums". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved November 14, 2015. 
  24. ^ Pearce, Sheldon (November 16, 2015). "Review: Justin Bieber's New Album Will Almost Make You Forgive Him for His Troubled Past". Complex. Retrieved January 31, 2016. 
  25. ^ Schaults, Janine (November 28, 2015). "Justin Bieber – Purpose". Consequence of Sound. Retrieved February 17, 2016. 
  26. ^ Duboff, Josh (August 28, 2015). "Justin Bieber Means Business on New Single "What Do You Mean?"". Vanity Fair. Retrieved April 29, 2016. 
  27. ^ Messitte, Nick (August 28, 2015). "Justin Bieber's 'What Do You Mean' Picks Up Where OMI's 'Cheerleader' Left Off". Forbes. Retrieved April 30, 2016. 
  28. ^ "Justin Bieber's new song "What Do You Mean" isn't terrible". Consequence of Sound. August 28, 2015. Retrieved June 6, 2016. 
  29. ^ Vain, Madison (December 10, 2015). "The 40 best songs of 2015". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved April 30, 2016. 
  30. ^ Hosken, Patrick (December 8, 2015). "Best Songs of 2015". MTV. Retrieved April 30, 2016. 
  31. ^ Harley Brown (November 30, 2015). "The 101 Best Songs of 2015". Spin. Retrieved April 19, 2016. 
  32. ^ Time Out Staff (December 7, 2015). "The 100 Best Songs of 2015". Time Out. Retrieved April 30, 2016. 
  33. ^ "Pazz & Jop Statistics". The Village Voice. Retrieved January 13, 2016. 
  34. ^ a b c d e Trust, Gary (September 8, 2015). "Justin Bieber Scores First No. 1 Hot 100 With Debut of 'What Do You Mean?'". Billboard. Retrieved September 8, 2015. 
  35. ^ Trust, Gary (September 1, 2015). "Will Justin Bieber's 'What Do You Mean?' Be His First Hot 100 No. 1?". Billboard. Retrieved September 4, 2015. 
  36. ^ Trust, Gary (October 12, 2015). "Justin Bieber Scores First Pop Songs No. 1 With 'What Do You Mean?'". Billboard. Retrieved October 12, 2015. 
  37. ^ Trust, Gary (September 13, 2015). "Ask Billboard: Canada Heats Up the US Charts". Billboard. (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved September 13, 2015. 
  38. ^ Trust, Gary (September 14, 2015). "The Weeknd Nos. 1 & 2 on Hot 100 With 'Can't Feel My Face' & 'The Hills'". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved September 14, 2015. 
  39. ^ Trust, Gary (September 21, 2015). "The Weeknd Replaces Himself Atop Hot 100 as 'The Hills' Hits No. 1". Billboard. Retrieved September 21, 2015. 
  40. ^ Gary Trust (November 23, 2015). "Adele Tops Hot 100 for Fourth Week; Justin Bieber, Alessia Cara Hit Top 10". Billboard. Retrieved November 23, 2015. 
  41. ^ Gary Trust (January 25, 2016). "Justin Bieber Nos. 1 & 2 on Hot 100, The Chainsmokers Hit Top 10". Billboard. Retrieved January 25, 2016. 
  42. ^ Gary Trust (April 18, 2016). "Desiigner's 'Panda' Claws to No. 1 on Hot 100, Bringing Americans Back to the Top". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved April 25, 2016. 
  43. ^ Cantor, Brian (February 8, 2016). "Justin Bieber's "Love Yourself" Crosses The 1.5 Million U.S Sales Mark". Headline Planet. Retrieved February 20, 2016. 
  44. ^ "Canadian Hot 100". Billboard. September 19, 2015. Retrieved September 9, 2014. 
  45. ^ Cross, Alan (September 9, 2015). "Weekly Music Sales Report and Analysis: 09 September 2015". Alan Cross. Retrieved September 10, 2015. 
  46. ^ Cross, Alan (November 2, 2015). "Adele's "Hello" ANNIHILATES the Competition in Its First Week. It's Not Even Close". A Journal of Musical Things. Retrieved November 3, 2015. 
  47. ^ "Canadian Hot 100". Billboard. April 14, 2012. Retrieved April 5, 2012. 
  48. ^ Paul Tuch (October 12, 2015). "JANET JACKSON SCORES FIRST NO. 1 ALBUM IN 14 YEARS" (PDF). Nielsen SoundScan. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  49. ^ "Canadian Hot 100". Billboard. October 31, 2015. Retrieved 2015-10-20. 
  50. ^ "Canadian Hot 100". Billboard. November 7, 2015. Retrieved 2015-10-27. 
  51. ^ Copsey, Rob (September 5, 2015). "Justin Bieber breaks Official Charts record with his first UK Number 1 What Do You Mean". Official Charts Company. Retrieved September 18, 2015. 
  52. ^ Moss, Liv (September 11, 2015). "Sigala scores debut Number 1 with Easy Love: 'I wrote this song in my bedroom'". Official Charts Company. Retrieved September 11, 2015. 
  53. ^ Copsey, Rob (October 30, 2015). "Adele smashes Official Chart records with comeback single Hello". Official Charts Company. Retrieved October 30, 2015. 
  54. ^ Myers, Justin (September 18, 2015). "Justin Time! Bieber's back at Number 1". Official Charts Company. Retrieved September 21, 2015. 
  55. ^ Myers, Justin (September 25, 2015). "Justin Bieber lands a third week at the top of the Official Singles Chart". Official Charts Company. Retrieved September 25, 2015. 
  56. ^ Copsey, Rob (October 16, 2015). "Justin Bieber's What Do You Mean? wins fifth week at Number 1". Official Charts Company. Retrieved October 16, 2015. 
  57. ^ "Bieber back on top for rare third time - BBC News". BBC.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-10-10. 
  58. ^ Copsey, Rob (November 20, 2015). "Justin Bieber dethrones Adele with Sorry and breaks all-time Official Chart record". Official Charts Company. Retrieved November 24, 2015. 
  59. ^ Copsey, Rob (4 January 2016). "The Official Top 40 Biggest Songs of 2015 revealed". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 4 January 2016. 
  60. ^ Lars, Brandle (September 21, 2015). "Justin Bieber Grabs First No. 1 in Australia With 'What Do You Mean'". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved September 21, 2015. 
  61. ^ Lars, Brandle (September 27, 2015). "Justin Bieber Retains No. 1 Single In Australia, Lana Del Rey Tops Album Chart". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved October 1, 2015. 
  62. ^ Gavin, Ryan (September 27, 2015). "Justin Bieber makes four weeks at #1 with 'What Do You Mean?'". ARIA Charts. Retrieved October 1, 2015. 
  63. ^ Ryan, Gavin (October 3, 2015). "ARIA Singles: Macklemore & Ryan Lewis 'Downtown' Takes Top Spot". Noise11. Retrieved October 9, 2015. 
  64. ^ "What Do You Mean? - Justin Bieber - Top 40 Singles". Muzic.Net.Nz. September 28, 2015. Retrieved October 1, 2015. 
  65. ^ "IRISH Top 100 Single Chart". IRMA Charts. 
  66. ^ Strecker, Erin (August 28, 2015). "Justin Bieber Shares Preview of 'What Do You Mean?' Music Video, Announces It Will Premiere After VMAs". Billboard. Retrieved February 1, 2016. 
  67. ^ "Most Viewed Videos of All Time (Over 300 million views)". YouTube. Retrieved March 19, 2016. 
  68. ^ Ehrlich, Brenna (August 28, 2015). "Watch Justin Bieber Get Shirtless And Badass In His 'What Do You Mean?' Vid Teaser". MTV News. Retrieved August 28, 2015. 
  69. ^ Real, Evan (November 14, 2015). "Justin Bieber Releases a Music Video for Each Song on His New Album 'Purpose'". Elle. Retrieved May 1, 2016. 
  70. ^ "Who Are Justin Bieber's 'What Do You Mean' Dancers? Their Faces Are Familiar For A Reason". Bustle. Retrieved 14 November 2015. 
  71. ^ Gettell, Oliver (August 26, 2015). "Justin Bieber will perform his new single 'What Do You Mean?' at the VMAs". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved August 28, 2015. 
  72. ^ Leight, Elias (September 3, 2015). "Watch Justin Bieber And The Roots Perform "What Do You Mean"". The Fader. Retrieved November 26, 2015. 
  73. ^ Vain, Madison (November 18, 2015). "See Justin Bieber's rocking Today performance, featuring Halsey and Big Sean". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved November 26, 2015. 
  74. ^ Gomez, Patrick (September 3, 2015). "Justin Bieber, Jennifer Garner and Halle Berry Among Stars Taking the Stage for 'Think It Up' Education Campaign". People. Retrieved November 26, 2015. 
  75. ^ Nakamura, Reid (September 3, 2015). "Justin Bieber to Perform on 'Think It Up' Telecast". The Wrap. Retrieved November 26, 2015. 
  76. ^ Gracie, Bianca (September 29, 2015). "Justin Bieber Performs "What Do You Mean?" On 'The X Factor Australia': Watch". Idolator. Retrieved November 26, 2015. 
  77. ^ Lindner, Emilee (October 25, 2015). "Watch Justin Bieber Smash His EMA Performance — Broken Ear Drum And All". MTV. Retrieved November 26, 2015. 
  78. ^ PopCrush Staff (11 March 2016). "Justin Bieber Kicks Off 'Purpose World Tour': Watch the Opening, See the Set List + Photos". popcrush.com. PopCrush Network. Retrieved 11 March 2016. ... 17. “What Do You Mean?”... 
  79. ^ "What Do You Mean? (single) – Justin Bieber". US: iTunes Store. Archived from the original on September 23, 2015. Retrieved September 22, 2015. 
  80. ^ "What Do You Mean?" (in German). Amazon.com (DE). Retrieved September 30, 2015. 
  81. ^ "Australian-charts.com – Justin Bieber – What Do You Mean?". ARIA Top 50 Singles. Retrieved September 4, 2015.
  82. ^ "Austriancharts.at – Justin Bieber – What Do You Mean?" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  83. ^ "Ultratop.be – Justin Bieber – What Do You Mean?" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Retrieved October 9, 2015.
  84. ^ "Ultratop.be – Justin Bieber – What Do You Mean?" (in French). Ultratop 50. Retrieved October 23, 2015.
  85. ^ "Bulgaria Singles Top 40". Bulgarian National Top 40. Retrieved November 22, 2015. 
  86. ^ "Justin Bieber Chart History (Canadian Hot 100)" Billboard. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  87. ^ "ČNS IFPI" (in Czech). Hitparáda – Radio Top 100 Oficiální. IFPI Czech Republic. Note: insert {{{year}}}{{{week}}} into search. Retrieved November 17, 2015.
  88. ^ "ČNS IFPI" (in Czech). Hitparáda – Digital Top 100 Oficiální. IFPI Czech Republic. Note: insert 201536 into search. Retrieved September 18, 2015.
  89. ^ "Danishcharts.com – Justin Bieber – What Do You Mean?". Tracklisten. Retrieved September 18, 2015.
  90. ^ "Justin Bieber – Chart history" Billboard Euro Digital Songs for Justin Bieber. Retrieved September 1, 2015.
  91. ^ "Justin Bieber: What Do You Mean?" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
  92. ^ "Lescharts.com – Justin Bieber – What Do You Mean?" (in French). Les classement single. Retrieved September 6, 2015.
  93. ^ "Musicline.de – Justin Bieber Single-Chartverfolgung" (in German). Media Control Charts. PhonoNet GmbH. Retrieved September 4, 2015.
  94. ^ "Digital Singles Charts – Greece". Billboard. 
  95. ^ "Archívum – Slágerlisták – MAHASZ" (in Hungarian). Rádiós Top 40 játszási lista. Magyar Hanglemezkiadók Szövetsége. Retrieved November 21, 2015.
  96. ^ "Archívum – Slágerlisták – MAHASZ" (in Hungarian). Single (track) Top 40 lista. Magyar Hanglemezkiadók Szövetsége. Retrieved September 4, 2015.
  97. ^ "Justin Bieber Chart History". RÚV. Retrieved June 19, 2017. 
  98. ^ "Chart Track: Week 36, 2015". Irish Singles Chart. Retrieved September 4, 2015.
  99. ^ "Justin Bieber – What Do You Mean? Media Forest". Israeli Airplay Chart. Media Forest. Retrieved October 4, 2015.
  100. ^ "Top Digital - Classifica settimanale WK 38 (dal 2015-09-18 al 2015-09-24)". Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana. Retrieved September 25, 2015. 
  101. ^ "Justin Bieber Chart History (Japan Hot 100)" Billboard. Retrieved December 1, 2015.
  102. ^ "The Official Lebanese Top 20 - Justin Bieber". The Official Lebanese Top 20. October 18, 2015. Retrieved October 6, 2016. 
  103. ^ "Nederlandse Top 40 – Justin Bieber search results" (in Dutch) Dutch Top 40. Retrieved September 18, 2015.
  104. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Justin Bieber – What Do You Mean?" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Retrieved September 4, 2015.
  105. ^ "Top 20 - Semanal (del 11 de Septiembre al 17 de Septiembre)". AMPROFON. Archived from the original on September 5, 2013. Retrieved September 30, 2015. 
  106. ^ "Charts.org.nz – Justin Bieber – What Do You Mean?". Top 40 Singles. Retrieved September 18, 2015.
  107. ^ "Norwegiancharts.com – Justin Bieber – What Do You Mean?". VG-lista. Retrieved September 4, 2015.
  108. ^ "Top 5 Airplay TV". Polish Video Chart. ZPAV. Retrieved February 6, 2017. 
  109. ^ "Justin Bieber – Chart history" Billboard Portugal Digital Songs for Justin Bieber. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  110. ^ "Official Scottish Singles Sales Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved September 18, 2015.
  111. ^ "SNS IFPI" (in Slovak). Hitparáda – Singles Digital Top 100 Oficiálna. IFPI Czech Republic. Note: insert 201536 into search. Retrieved September 18, 2015.
  112. ^ "EMA Top 10 Airplay: Week Ending 2015-09-29". Entertainment Monitoring Africa. Retrieved October 2, 2015.
  113. ^ "Gaon International Digital Chart – Week 37, 2015" (in Korean). Gaon. Retrieved September 18, 2015. 
  114. ^ "Spanishcharts.com – Justin Bieber – What Do You Mean?" Canciones Top 50. Retrieved September 18, 2015.
  115. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – Justin Bieber – What Do You Mean?". Singles Top 100. Retrieved September 4, 2015.
  116. ^ "Swisscharts.com – Justin Bieber – What Do You Mean?". Swiss Singles Chart. Retrieved September 6, 2015.
  117. ^ "Official Singles Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved September 4, 2015.
  118. ^ "Justin Bieber Chart History (Hot 100)" Billboard. Retrieved September 8, 2015.
  119. ^ "Justin Bieber Chart History (Adult Contemporary)" Billboard. Retrieved February 9, 2016.
  120. ^ "Justin Bieber Chart History (Adult Pop Songs)" Billboard. Retrieved November 17, 2015.
  121. ^ "Justin Bieber Chart History (Dance Club Songs)" Billboard. Retrieved October 20, 2015.
  122. ^ "Justin Bieber Chart History (Dance Mix/Show Airplay)" Billboard. Retrieved October 20, 2015.
  123. ^ "Justin Bieber Chart History (Pop Songs)" Billboard. Retrieved October 13, 2015.
  124. ^ "Justin Bieber Chart History (Rhythmic)" Billboard. Retrieved November 10, 2015.
  125. ^ "ARIA Charts - End of Year Charts - Top 100 Singles 2015". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved January 6, 2016. 
  126. ^ "Jaaroverzichten 2015". Hung Medien. Retrieved December 29, 2016. 
  127. ^ "Canadian Hot 100 Year End 2015". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved December 9, 2015. 
  128. ^ "Top 100 Single-Jahrescharts". GfK Entertainment (in German). offiziellecharts.de. Retrieved 6 January 2016. 
  129. ^ "Israel Airplay Year End 2015". Retrieved January 5, 2016. 
  130. ^ "Classifiche "Top of the Music" 2015 FIMI-GfK: La musica italiana in vetta negli album e nei singoli digitali" (in Italian). Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana. Retrieved January 13, 2016. 
  131. ^ "Japan Hot 100 : Year End 2015". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 18 August 2017. 
  132. ^ "Top 100 Songs Year End 2015". top40.nl. Stichting Nederlandse Top 40. Retrieved December 31, 2015. 
  133. ^ "Top Selling Singles of 2015". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved December 25, 2015. 
  134. ^ "The Official Top 40 Biggest Songs of 2015 revealed". Retrieved January 4, 2016. 
  135. ^ "Hot 100 Songs Year End 2015". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved December 9, 2015. 
  136. ^ "ARIA Top 100 Singles 2016". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved January 6, 2017. 
  137. ^ "Jaaroverzichten 2016". Hung Medien. Retrieved December 29, 2016. 
  138. ^ "As 100 Mais Tocadas nas Rádios Jovens em 2016". Billboard Brasil (in Portuguese). January 4, 2017. Retrieved September 7, 2017. 
  139. ^ "Canadian Hot 100 – Year End 2016". Billboard. Retrieved December 9, 2016. 
  140. ^ "Track Top-100, 2016". Hitlisten.NU. Retrieved December 31, 2016. 
  141. ^ "Classifiche "Top of the Music" 2016 FIMI-GfK: La musica italiana in vetta negli album e nei singoli digitali" (Click on Scarica allegato to download the zipped file containing the year-end chart PDF documents) (in Italian). Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana. Retrieved February 23, 2017. 
  142. ^ "Japan Hot 100 : Year End 2016". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 18 August 2017. 
  143. ^ "Jaaroverzichten - Single 2016". Hung Medien. Retrieved December 25, 2016. 
  144. ^ "Top Selling Singles of 2016". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved December 25, 2016. 
  145. ^ "Schweizer Jahreshitparade 2016 – hitparade.ch". Hung Medien. Archived from the original on January 6, 2017. Retrieved January 2, 2017. 
  146. ^ Myers, Justin (December 30, 2016). "The Official Top 40 Biggest Songs of 2016". Official Charts Company. Retrieved December 31, 2016. 
  147. ^ "Hot 100 Songs - Year-End 2016". Billboard. Retrieved December 8, 2016. 
  148. ^ "Adult Contemporary Songs: Year End 2016". Billboard. Retrieved December 18, 2016. 
  149. ^ "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2016 Singles". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved March 12, 2016. 
  150. ^ "Ultratop − Goud en Platina – 2016". Ultratop. Hung Medien. 
  151. ^ "Canadian single certifications – Justin Bieber – What Do You Mean?". Music Canada. 
  152. ^ "Danish single certifications – Justin Bieber – What Do You Mean?". IFPI Denmark.  Click on næste to go to page if certification from official website
  153. ^ "French single certifications – Justin Bieber – What Do You Mean" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. 
  154. ^ "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Justin Bieber; 'What Do You Mean?')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. 
  155. ^ "Italian single certifications – Justin Bieber – What Do You Mean?" (in Italian). Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana. 
  156. ^ "Japanese single certifications – Justin Bieber – What Do You Mean?" (in Japanese). Recording Industry Association of Japan.  Select 2016年月 on the drop-down menu
  157. ^ "Certificaciones –" (in Spanish). Asociación Mexicana de Productores de Fonogramas y Videogramas. 
  158. ^ "New Zealand single certifications – Justin Bieber – What Do You Mean?". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved February 12, 2016. 
  159. ^ "Norwegian single certifications – Justin Bieber – What Do You Mean?" (in Norwegian). IFPI Norway. 
  160. ^ "Polish single certifications – Justin Bieber – What Do You Mean?" (in Polish). Polish Society of the Phonographic Industry. Retrieved September 28, 2016. 
  161. ^ "Spanish single certifications – Justin Bieber – What Do You Mean?" (PDF) (in Spanish). Productores de Música de España.  Select single under "Chart", enter 2016 in the field "Year". Select '' in the field "Semana". Click on "Search Charts"
  162. ^ "Guld- och Platinacertifikat" (in Swedish). IFPI Sweden.  Type Justin Bieber in the top right search bar. Click on "Sok" and select What Do You Mean? and see certification.
  163. ^ "British single certifications – Justin Bieber – What Do You mean". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 13 November 2015.  Enter What Do You mean in the search field and then press Enter.
  164. ^ Jones, Alan (8 January 2016). "Official Charts Analysis: Justin Bieber makes Singles Chart history". Music Week. Retrieved 9 January 2016. (Subscription required (help)). 
  165. ^ "American single certifications – Justin Bieber – What Do You Mean?". Recording Industry Association of America.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Single, then click SEARCH
  166. ^ "What Do You Mean? - Justin Bieber". JustinBieberMusic.com. Retrieved May 8, 2016. 
  167. ^ "Justin Bieber "What Do You Mean?" (Radio Date: 04/09/2015)". Radio Date. Retrieved April 27, 2015. 
  168. ^ "What Do You Mean? (2-Track) - Justin Bieber: Amazon.de: Musik". Amazon.de. Retrieved April 27, 2016. 

External links[edit]